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HARVARD  COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 


FROM  THE  BBQUBST  OF 

CHARLES  SUMNER 

CLASS  OP  1830 

Senator  from  Massadmxtts 

FOS  BOOKS  RELATING  TO 
POLinCS  AND  riNB  ASTS 


£4 


dSnnt  ifi^lritiim  if  tjit  SKnrlta  af  Soiimitni  iif  all  'Mum, 

1851. 


OFFICIAL 

DESCRIPTIVE   AND   ILLUSTRATED 

CATALOGUE. 


i^^^S. 


CntmniiBiim. 


/jV  TffJi^E  rOLVMES. 

^  -^  '/ 
VOL  IL 

Section  nl.— MANUFACTURES,  Classes  11  to  29. 

SECnos  IV.— FINE   ARTS,  Class  30. 

COLONIES. 


LONDON: 
SPICER  mtOlnERS,  WEOLESiLE  STATIOSEHS;  V.  CLOTOS  A.\D  SUSS,  PRI.\TE11S: 

3»  NEW  BRIDGE  STREET,  BLACKFRIARS,  AND  AT  THE  EXHIBITION  BVII.DIMl. 


^^^'"^S^S^^^^.^ 


urt^ 


LONDON;  PRINTED  BT  WIIXIAM  CLOWES  AMD  80M8, 

mnrrsRa  to  mm  motax.  oommz««xoii, 

STAMFORD  STREET  AMD  CHARIMO  CROSS. 


CONTENTS  OF  VOLUME  THE  SECOND. 


UNITED  KlNGDOM.-€LABSEa  U  to  30. 


■  It  to  19. 
II.  Cotton 

12  k  15.  Woollen  uid  Woratod 

IS    SilkVelTW  »i>d 

14.  FUx  and  HaiQp 

16-    Lumliua.  Swldlery  and    Unriie*!),  Bo»t«  and 

SlioM.  Skin*.  Fur,  wd  H&ir     .... 
IT.  f^t**-  Printing,  and  Bookbindkig      .     - 
II.  Wvno,  Felted,  and  Laid  Fabrics,  VjeA  and 

Prinl«d  (iacludingDeaigiu)      .... 
n.  Tipoftij,  CarpeU,   Floor-dottu,   Lace,  and 

Embroldviy 

H.  Articla  of  Clothing  for  imiiiBdiata,  penuniLl, 


SI.  CallMj,  Edge  and  Huid  Tooln  .... 
93-  Oownl  Rardware.  including  Locks  and  Orattn 
n.  Worki  iu  Prectoui)  UetkU,  Jairellei;,  &c.     . 


a*.  GlsBa • 69' 

25.  China,  Porroliun,  EwrtbenwaTB,  &c.    .      .      ■        TOB 

26.  Furniture,    Upholatery,     Paper    HangingB, 

Decorative  Cmlings,   Pupiar  Maubd,   and 
Japanned  Oooda 729 

27.  UuDufiictures    in   Minonil    SiibctiutceB,    for 

Building  nr  DodratioQ  ,-.,..       TG3 
-J8.  Hiuiufaclurea   from  Animid    and    Vegelablu 

Subatanees,  notbaingWav,?nDrFelte.l    .       777 

29,  MiBcclluieous  Manti&ctures  and  Small  Witrea      789 

3ect,  IV.— FikbAbts:— Cijss30. 

30.  Sculpture,  Models,  uid  Plastic  Art,  Mosaic  ■. 

Enamels,  &c S19 

Miacellanoout  objects  of  interest  placed  in  the 
Main  Avenue  of  the  Building,  not  cloaaifiod   ,       841 


BBITISH  COLONIES  AND.  DEPENDENCIES. 


Canada  

Cejlon  ...... 

Cbaonel  lalaada    ■ 

Eiat  Indie* 

Eaatem  ArchipaUgo   . 
Falkland  Ulanda    .     .     . 

Oibnltar 

OoldCowtMtd  AahaotM. 
Qnoada 


Halta 943 

Hamitiui 956 

Hontaamt      ......  9Te 

Mewfoundlaad 971 

New  Bnukswick                ....  969 

New  South  Wain                  .      .      .  98B 

NewZwUnd 1000 

Nova  Scotia 9T0 

South  Afiioa 949 

Sooth  Australia 991 

St.  Helena 955 

St.  Eitt'a 9?6 

St.  Tinoant 975 

Trinidad .  973 

Tan  Diaman'a  I^nd 993 

WMtamAfrioa 953 


^^^^^^ 

^^^^^M 

^^f^^^ 

^^^^^^m 

1^^    s.c^m.    g^ 

^H     c..^n.    ^^ 

COTTON. 


INTRODUCTION. 

AiTOTHZB  and  third  Section  of  the  EihiHtion  is  introdnoed  by  this  Class,  which  includea  the  Manuractnre  of 
Cotton.  ThisSection  cuntemplatcs  those  results  uf  human  industry  whidi  natumlly  succeed  to  the  Sections  of 
Raw  Hateri&ls  »nd  Machiaery.  The  substance  to  bo  operated  upon  having  been  considered,  together  with  llie 
mccluuiiaJ  aaBistonoe  neoenary  to  orry  forward  the  proccasea  through  which  it  has  to  pass  in  its  progress 
fnim  the  raw  material  to  the  manufactured  article,  it  now  becomes  an  interesting  study  to  turn  attention  to 
the  product  of  the  industry  occupied  in  the  preceding  departmcnta.  While  objects  in  the  first  Section  may  be 
nr/arded  as  in  a  passive  or  invparatory  Btat«,  objects  in  the  second  must  be  considered  in  an  active,  and  in  the 
third  in  a  complete  condition,  awaiting  only  their  application  to  the  purposes  of  life.  This  condition  generally 
rrodeis  the  articles  contuned  within  tiiie  Section  less  attractive  than  in  the  preceding  and  succeeding  Sections. 
Rij^tly  viewed,  however,  objects  in  this  Section  must  receive  a  degree  of  attentive  consideration  not  inferior  to 
(hat  bestowed  on  the  furmrr.  The  manufactured  article  may  and  should  be  rej^arded  as  the  test  of  the  pei^ 
fection,  Gnrt,  of  the  raw  material  conatituting  its  foundation,  and,  secondly,  of  the  mechanical  arrangements 
co-oneralivc  in  its  pruduction.  If  the  raw  material  has  been  wanting  in  any  of  the  [noperties  for  which  it  ia 
emiiloyod  in  the  preparation,  or  if  the  manufacturing  machinery  has  been  defective  m  operation,  the  manu- 
bctored  article  offers,  in  many  cases,  certain  evidence  of  these  facts.  And,  conversely,  the  purity  and  perfect 
fitnen  of  the  material,  with  a  state  of  efficiency  in  the  manufacturing  machinery,  combine  to  produce  a  certain 
superiority  in  the  manufacture  which  may  bo  generally -ascerttuned  upon  its  mreful  examination. 

TIm:  sulijitt  of  tlie  Claws  more  iminoiiiatcly  under  notice,  the  Cotton  Manufacture,  recfives,  from  its  vast  im- 
(■•natici',  allrsl|ioiuti(iniuiiiin;rmauufacturcilnrticles.  Itcomjiriscs — A.  ('i)ttou,Ynm,n)id Thread;  B.  Calioes, 
Mu-h  ni  Shntinmi,  LiHiu-cli<tbB,  Shirtings,  &c. ;  0.  ("ords  and  ISeaverteens ;  1).  Muslins,  as  Cambric  and 
Jw-nt-t,  tVured,  Striixil,  >Vr. ;  Shawls,  UandlicrchicfR,  &c. ;  K.  Dimities  for  Furniture,  Quilting,  &c. ;  F. 
C.>li>iii:il  \Vi.ven  Coiidn.  Handkerchiefs.  I.iin<:liains,  &c. ;  G.  Olliil  Calicoes,  &c. 

'I'll'-  nutiJ.T  of  Kxliibitoni  in  this  Class  ia  nut  lar;;e,  and  their  prwluctiiiiw  will  lie  fonnd  ffmujieil  li)<:cthcr  in 
Ar.as  I.  .1.  rn.m  1  to  K,  ai  the  North- wcst.Tti  end  of  the  liuildinj:,  on  the  (in>und  fUor,  near  the  Save. 

Viiri..us  iiiulliO"l»  of  manufacture  arc  illustraUil  which  must  rtci'ivu  the  nolice  of  those  concern wl  in  this 
iii.I"'rt.iiil  di-inrli Lieut  of  ci>niiiieicial  activity.  'ITie  fitness  of  wjme  nrticli's,  also,  for  the  i>eculinr  markets  for 
wiii.ii  ih.-y  an-  fjufially  pniflreil  aum;<iils,  even  to  the  casual  olisen'er,  interesting:  n-lli-etions  on  thediirerent 
JpI,!  -\<h\  H'liilitious  of  ("liow  ic.r  whinii  these  articles  are  manufactured.  Iliere  art;  several  new  ap]>iicntions  of 
I-  iti.'ti  t<i  ii'<Ltik'  iiunnveA.  Tlic  most  instructive  {>arts  of  this  collection,  to  lliosc  who  have  Ui>  technical  intcrcs 
ill  ii.  an;  tli^pst-  which  o-Tilain  arranged  t|K.-eimens  in  illustration  of  the  sIi^ks  of  manufacture.  Tlie  n 
lieiiini.f  tlmnil  is  thus  rcpresi-iitui  fniui  the  raw  cotton  to  its  completed  crmditii 
c.r'l'iUy  arran^vl  which  contains  illustrations  of  the  projtress  of  liie  nianufiiclnro 
i,.,ii.  n.ii  t..ihv  linislied  n.'siillK  in  the  coarse  and  fine  dqiarlments  of  the  tnide.  One  of  t lie  wonderful  obji^cta 
oMniii"!  ill  iliis  Cla-ss  is  a  nwuicn  of  muslin  miulu  from  No.  5,408  cotlon-vani,  Mievtsl  to  In;  the  finest  ever 
111*1.-.  llial  iiiaehineTy  rouM  be  Inriusiit  to  the-  dt-jrec  of  delicate  moveniei'it,  and  pr.i-ise  and  accnmte  ailnpt- 
r.ti'^i   |.)  Ilie  sleiidtr  lualerials  of  wliicli  this  muslin  is  comi-osed,  may  well  lie  eonsidead  n  great  industrial 


k'  has  also  lieen 


i)f  the  ciiltjin  m.imifacltirc  in  (ircnt  Britain  jti 
il,  within  Ibf' 


■leral  faets  of  th 
rval  of  time,  i>n)ji"rtioi 


md  n^la 


utai:tiire  may  U-  jusilv  n^arildl  as  nn  evidence  of  the  incehaiiieal  (wjialii lilies  of 
i  i-....iiTitry.  .\  iiitU'  U-lnri' thei'-iiiiiiii-iiciiiieiit  uV  tlie  prewiit  ci-iitury  il  wai  in  il«  inlanry.  Due  liy  one  tho 
■.T'  at  ii,..l.iii.ica!  difiimllii-s  attfiiilinl  ii[«in  its  ].iTservalion  were  resolvcil.  The  Mpiiiniim-fraiiic  «an  su^iin-stdl 
)y  .III  a.ild.'tit,s|>iiinini:  by  niller^  uax  twice  abaniloned,  and  Iluii  siieaWully  aeciiuipliHlicil ;  the  first  niulo 
^■■rk"l  iri  all  a'lie,  the  fint  spiiiiiiiiii-jeimy  in  a  cott^K'.  Haiyrt'avcs  and  Comptun  were  imir  «eav(-r»; 
A.-l;»ri.:l.t  »a»  ii  liirl.r'»  n|iiireniiee.  '!  he  U-:;iniiin:J  ol  this  stui-emli'ns  m.-uiufnetun^  was  truly  iiisi^niilicanl, 
:i:.'!  o4.tr.wt*  wi.ii.l.rfiiliv  nilh  its  jinsenl  jumrimi. 

'1 1-  f"l!..-.iii,L;  Malislic's  f.inii  dat.i  by  whiih  IhiM  manufactuiv  in  it«  |.n-«nl  slate  niny  lie  dulv  eslimale.1  :  — 
T..  -.v.-riji.  annual  imjorls  have  l«in  esHmated  at  alrtul  r,r)0,fMX\0(XI  11«.  wei-ht,  exclusive  of  ili-hietii-ns  for 
-  .[..ftji.  1  'f  ilii^  .[uaiilliy  ,'f(f),0(Kt,0<iO  ll».  are  employed  in  niniiufaelure,  the  annual  value  of  the  raw  nmlerial 
tl,:iii  ii!i|.liiy,.l  \KWi  abuul  U-u  millions  slerlin^,     Akiut  thirteen  uiillioiis  sti'riiu;;  are  luimmlly  j-niil  a»ay  lu 


ill.) 


I  Irjj-si 


0    CAT.M 


480 


CJlass  11.— cotton. 
Arbas  I.  J.  1  to  8. 


r  United 


machinery,  &c.,  for  the  manufacture  of  this  material,  and  about  the  same  amount  in  wages  to  the  |)er8on8 
directly  employed  in  the  factories,  of  whom  the  total  number  is  taken  at  upwards  of  half  a  million,  exclusive 
of  80,000  or  90,000  engineers  and  machinists  immediately  connected  with  the  manufacture.  The  total  annual 
value  of  the  manufactured  material  has  been  approximatively  represented  at  about  thirty-six  millions  sterling. 
The  effect  on  the  populaticm  of  the  manufacturing  districts  has  not  been  less  surprising. 

Although,  therefore,  little  of  external  interest  appears  to  belong  to  a  bundle  of  cotton-yam  or  a  piece  of 
calico,  the  study  of  its  manufacture,  exclusive  of  the  exquisite  mechanism  by  which  it  is  operated  upon,  and 
the  statistical  facts  which  link  themselves  with  its  history,  can  never  be  unptofitable.  The  moral  considerations 
connected  with  cotton  factories  form  a  subject  of  even  higher  interest  and  importance. — R.  £. 


1  Jackson,  Johk,  73  Adam  Square,  Edinburgh — 

Weaver  and  Producer. 

1.  Fine  wool  shawl,  wove  on  the  Spolino  or  loop  prin- 
ciple, to  show  that  this  mode  of  weaving  is  applicable  for 
figured  wool  shawls  of  the  finest  description. 

2.  Fine  wool  long  shawl. 

3.  Edinburgh-made  woven  shawl. 

2  Sandeman,  Hectob,  Tulloch  Bkachfield,  Perth — 

Manufacturer. 
Cotton  and  lawn  printed  handkerchiefifi;  showing  an 
improved  red  colour,  obtained  from  the  stalks  of  the 
BMt  munjithi,  commonly  called  East  Indian  munjeet. 
One  large  bed-coverlet,  in  which  the  colours  of  black,  red^ 
and  chocolate  are  dyed  with  munjeet. 

[The  Rubia  eordifolia,  also  called  Rubia  munjUha,  and 
by  the  natives  of  India  munge^th,  isa  species  of  madder, 
furnishing  a  fine  dye,  much  used  in  the  hill  districts  of 
India.— E.  F.]      

3  Walker,  James  &  Robert,  EarUtown,  Melrose 

— Manufacturers. 
Cotton  ginghams  for  female  dresses,  of  fast  colours; 
hand-loom  wrought;  yard  wide. 

4  PuiXAR,  Robert,  &  Sons,  Perth — Manufsusturers. 

Umbrella  and  fiuicy  ginghams;  handkerchiefe;  and 
woollen  Derries.    

5  AuLD,  Berrib,  &  Mathieson,  Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Book  muslins,  several  pieces,  each  12  yards  long,  39 
inches  wide. 

Several  pieces  of  mull  muslin;  jaconet  muslin;  bishop 
lawn  muslm,  all  of  the  same  dimensions. 

Saocharilla  book  muslin,  several  pieces,  each  16  yards 
long,  45  inches  wide. 

^^latan  book  muslin,  several  pieces,  each  16  yards 
long,  53  inches  wide. 

Saocharilla  mull  muslin,  three  pieces,  each  20  yards 
long,  45  inches  wide. 

Harness  book  muslin,  8  yards  long,  40  inches  wide. 
Harness  book  muslin  curtain,  56  inches  wide,  3|  yards 
long;  80  inches  by  4  yards  long,  and  80  inches  by  4 
yai^  long. 

Leno  book  muslin,  samples  of  27  inches  wide  12  yards 
long.    Harness  book  musUn  curtains. 

6  M 'Bride  &  Co.,  Glasgow — Inventors  and 

Manufacturers. 

Cotton  table-cloths.  Bird's-eye  dii^r  and  huckaback 
towelling.  Furniture  and  jean  stripes.  Ginghams,  clan 
tartans,  and  ootton  galas,  and  Hungarians  and  Derries, 
all  made  by  patent  power-loom. 

Specimens  of  table-cloths  and  tartans,  made  by  the 
lame  loom,  the  weft  being  from  hemp,  as  prepared  by 
Mr.  Elijah  Slock,  of  Redrew,  Scotland,  for  improving 
hemp,  as  a  substitute  for  cotton. 


7         Anderson,  James  &  Alexander,  Glasgot 

Manufacturers. 
Ginghams,  checked  and  striped.      Cra\'ats,   checked 
muslin.     Handkerchiefs,   Turkey-red  ground.     Tartan 
muffler.    Saxonies. 


8  FiNLAYSON,  F.,  &  Co.,  25  Dwidas  Street,  Gla^ow — 

Maniifacturers. 

Coloured  sprig  and  striped  lappet  muslins;  white  and 
coloiu*ed  striped;  coloured  spot;  coloured  satin  striped 
tarlatan;  white  sprig  striped  and  spot  lappet;  coloured 
gauze  striped. 

Lappet  flounced  muslin  dresses. 

9  Lethem,  Bltth,  k  Ijstheh,  Friday  Street,  London; 

49  Virginia  Street,  Glasgow ;  and  Academy  Street, 
Belfast — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  different  fabrics  of  plain  muslins,  woven 
from  the  same  quality  of  yam.      Tamboured  muslins  for 
various  articles  of  dress.     Ginghams  for  dresses. 

10  &  45     Oswald,  Stetenbon,  &  Co.,  Glasgow  and 

Manchester — ^Merchants. 

Cotton  yams,  of  various  colours,  dyed  in  the  west  of 
Scotland,  in  bundles  for  export. 

Cotton  yams,  of  various  qualities  and  fineness,  spim  in 
the  west  of  Scotland,  in  bundles  for  export,  arranged 
according  to  Manchester  classification. 

Water  twist.     Mule  twist.     Fine  yams. 

11  Paterson,  Jamieson,  &  Co.,  58  Dundas  Street, 

Glasgow — Manufeuiturers. 
Ginghams  and  handkerchiefs  of   various  styles  and 
qualities;  fabric  all  cotton,  hand-woven,  or  printed. 

12  TouNO,  J.  H.,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — Manufacturers. 
Fabrics  suited  for  East  India  markets,  consisting  of 

bird-eye  crape,  plain  and  fimcy  net,  book  and  mull  mus- 
lins, Saocharilla  mull,  fine  Swiss  lappets,  white  and 
coloiu^d. 

Fabrics  suited  for  home,  American,  and  continental 
markets: — Picquet  leno,  blue;  plain  amber;  checked 
pink ;  and  striped  green.  Book  muslin  and  Scotch  lawn 
cambric  handkercMefiEi.  Victoria,  bishop,  and  Nainsook 
lawns.  Jaconets.  Swiss  mulls.  India  muUs.  India 
book  muslins;  Swiss  book  muslins.  Tarlatan.  Scotch 
elastic  mull.  Starched  mull.  India  ledger.  Checked 
book ;  striped  book ;  tamboured  book ;  tamboured  jaco- 
net. Lappet  spot.  White  and  pink  spot,  lappet  stripe. 
Loom-sewed  spot,  white  and  sprig,  coloured ;  drees  made 
up  of  the  same,  with  flounces.  Paper  harness  sprig. 
Lappet  sprig,  stripe,  and  colonnade  curtains.  Harness 
leno ;  sprig  and  bordered  book ;  and  others. 

13  Henrt  k  Sons,  81  Buchanan  Street,  Glasgow, 

and  120  Chcapside — Manufikcturers. 

Embroidered  merino  dresses.  Wliite  tambour  muslin 
dresses.  Sprigged  evening  dresses,  embroidered  in  the 
loom.  Specimens  of  plain  linen  ginghams  ;  all  exhibited 
for  quality  and  price. 

In  the  embroidered  merino  dress  marked  A,  there  is 
only  one  repeat  of  the  pattern  from  the  bottom  to  the 
top  of  the  skirt. 


14        Symington,  Robert  B.,  &  Co.,  Glasgoi 

Manufacturers. 
Harness  book  muslin  and  harness  leno  muslin  window- 
curtains,  all  woven  in  the  Jacquard  loom.     The  design  is 
called  the  "Humboldt  pattern,"  composed  of  tropical 
plants  and  flowers. 


.ChLA88  ll.--eOTTON. 

Am^as  I.  J.  1  TO  8. 


181 


liiiftiBriiliMlii  in  Imittttnii-  irf  Ttm^*»^ 


Bfrnimnrnai  diMksd  ootton  ign^gtmnm,  and  elieeked 
•otloo  igivati^  in  Twiom  qnalitits  nod  iIjImi. 

17    Datimoii,  WmiAsft  Jijos,  ft  Oo.^  Ohtsgo»^ 

Mranftkotufsii. 
flafinhMJlh  book-muiUa.  Sootehteriatanmudifi.  Tmei- 
book-mmliiL 


18 


19 


«4 


iosaa 
20 


ftSmn^  GarHtl0  yiiniiliM,iUiriii'H. 
Oatton  diMinuid  ginghamii. 
OoMon  liiiiirla.  Soida  and  robes. 
p,"  StdfM  and  "  aroawTcn."  Ihrad '« aalam- 
QrmMSm.  Beoima.  Twilled  atripea.  "IV 
"" — 9br  htima  oooaamption  and  ezpoftation. 


of  aiz  qnaliiieii^  made  prino^ally 


21 


ft  Co.,  CbrWi/#    ManqfluitaregB. 
ShirtiQg  ali^ei^  and  afciiped  and  ohedced  fiaoy  ging- 


22    JjomraiAa  ft  Pabxsr,  CarHrie    yanufkctoiOT. 

Variatiaa  of  gjnghama,  cheeky  atripea,  poplina^  fte.,  for 
|ho  boaaey  fiite^gn,  and  colonial  maixeta. 


Sampka  of  djed  jFMii. 


24 


J<MU%  ft  Bnomis,  iftffttoi  Jf OZi, 


of  raar  cotton  ;  carded  ootton  ;  different 

of  rorings  ;  throstle  yams  on  bobbins  (patent 
spun) ;  mule  yams  in  cop  and  hank  ;  sewing  thr«uls  in 
hank,  grey  and  bleached,  of  variou»  numbers  in  2,  3,  4, 
6,  and  9  cord.  Thread  and  crochet  cotton  wound  on 
^lools. 

25      Hatthobm,  Jonathan  White,  Nottingham  and 
Trent  MUis,  Burton-cn- Trent — Manufacturer. 

Samples  of  sewing,  knitting,  and  mending  cotton. 

Lisle  thread,  white,  and  coloured,  as  used  by  glove  and 
hoaiery  manufacturers. 

Laos  thread  and  doubled  yams,  as  used  for  making 
and  figuring  Nottingham  lace. 

Prepared  ootton,  white  and  coloured,  as  used  by  silk  and 
ribbon  manufacturers. 


26      Walbb  &  WiNDLKT,  Nottingham — Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  thrown  silk,  used  in  the  manufacture  of 
lace,  hosiery,  and  gloves.  The  produce  of  India,  Italy, 
and  China. 


27  Thacbebat,  John,  &  Sons,  Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 
Brown  and  white  cotton  gassed  laced  thread.     Cotton 
Lisle  and  dressed  ootton  threads,  in  colours.     Double- 
spun,  or  single  cotton  thread.     Selvage  threads.     Warp- 
eotton-thread,  gassed  and  ungassed;  and  other  varieties. 

28  GaEENHALOB,  RiCHARD,  &  SoNS,  Mansfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Samples  of  doubled  cotton  yams,  as  used  in  the  manu- 
facture of  various  descriptions  of  lace,  gloves,   hosiery, 
ribbons,  cloths,  and  for  sewing  and  knitting. 

2'J  HABAia,W,  S.,  Z^ACtff^— Patentee  and  Manufacturer. 
Reels  exhibiting  specimens  of  sewing  cotton,  and  patent 
reels  cmistructed  to  prevent  imposition  as  regards  the 
length  of  ootton  upon  each. 


30    Bawobth  ft  CMiFAifT,  M<MlP<s^--|lalI^^ 
Samplaa  of  aiz-cord  and  other  aewing  cotton. 


81  0'Ck>znaBU^  Jo^edt,  27  8w^  Mam  Strmi,  Chrk— 

Mahnfkctorer. 
^eehnena  of  linen  and  oOtton  ging^Muna. 

82  Claulb,  J.  P.,  King  Street  Mm,  Lehetter— 

Maonfhotnrer* 
Biftent  cmboaaed  wood,  n^tallio  and  other  reela,  coti^ 
taiidi^  Tuiona  iengtha  of  two,  three,  aiz,  and  niiie-cdfd 
aewing  cotton.  Reela  alao  ahown  in  their  diflinreni  atagea 
of  maanfactnre,  from  the  ron^^  haael  wood  and  matelto 
the  highly-finished  reels. 

33       Btahs,  WAI.TBB,  ft  Co.,  l>arkp  Jftftty,  Der^jf-^ 


Sewing  cotton  of  variona  kinds^  made  vp  In  dUfaranl 
Ibinna  for  use. 

34       Ratguff,  KrB.|  Waltham  JUbey^Vtoinmr, 
White  knitted  oounterpanea. 

85  Baklow,  Qooiddt,  ft  Jombs,  .go/loi»— Mannfhctnwpi. 
Pieoea  of  figured  cpiilting  Teatinff ;  whike  quilting  bed- 
cover, commonly  called  toilet  quuta;  coloiued  qmlUng 
bed-cover;  and  white  welted  bed-cover,  w#Brt  quilta. 

86  BohLim,  W.,  ft  Co.,  PleaOey  WMi,  tamMmgfield, 

Nottmgham  Minnltaliireri  ' 
Merino,  Caahmere,  and  ootton  hoaieij  jam.  The  ain- 
gle  and  two-threads  are  used  in  the  midland  counti«l  in 
the  manufisusture  of  hosiery,  and  tiie  three-threada  are 
genenlly  bon^t  for  the  Continent  for  knittings!,  sad 
applied  to  hosieiy  purposes  there. 

87  Mabtxii,  WnxiAK,  ft  Son,  Sotto»— Maanfiwtnrera. 

Damaak  diced  and  plahi  finniturs  dimity,  fine  bedi^ 
hsngings,  cnrtaina,  ftc. 

38  Co(«,  W.  W.  ft  J.,  lAtUe  Lofton— HanufiMturers. 
Cut  brocade  muU,  flounced  dreaa,  white,  for  ladies. 
Plaited  brocade  quilting  skirts,  white.     Plaited  brocade 

skirts,  white. 

Welted  brocade  skirts,  white.  Brocade  stripe.  Cut 
brocade  mull,  in  the  piece,  white. 

39  Myersoough,  Steel,  &  Co.,  Bolton — ^Manufacturers. 
Counterpane — bed-cover.      Quilting    bed-cover,    com- 
monly called  toilet-quilt.      Flue  diamond  quilting,  for 
waistcoats. 

40  Barnes,  Thomas,  Famtoorth  Cotton  Mills,  Bolton — 

Manufacturer. 

White  Polynesian  swansdown,  combining  fineness  of 
back  with  considerable  thickness  of  substance. 

Piece  of  moleskin  in  different  stages,  illustrating  the 
progressive  method  of  raising,  dyeing,  printing;  and 
fiuishing  a  substitute  for  low  woollen  cloths. 

Piece  of  printed  moleskin,  pattern  designed  and  regis* 
tered  by  the  exhibitor;  printed  by  John  Jackson  &  Co., 
Manchester,  and  finished  by  John  Whitehead's  (of  Elton) 
patent  process  of  raising  and  finishing  after  dyeing  and 
printing.  

41  Cross,  J.,  Bolton — Manufacturer. 
Twilled  long-cloth  and  shirting. 

42  SuDWORTH,  Josiah,  Z^orton— Manufacturer. 
Coimterpane,  exhibited  for  weaving. 

43  Waters,  J.  &  Co.,  Fountain  Street,  Manchester-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Small  wares,  knitting  and  reel  cotton,  ribbon  wire, 
webbing,  tapes,  fringes,  cotton-laces,  bindings,  &c. 

44  Chrioty  &  Sons,  Fairfield  Mills,  near  Mancfiester^ 

Manufacturers. 
Royal  Turkish  bath-towels. 

The  novelty  consists  in  the  absorbing  power  of  the 

2  Q  2 


482 


Class  11.— COTTON. 
Areas  I.  J.  1  to  8. 


[United 


surface,  having  a  plush  or  looped  surface  on  both  sides, 
and  in  the  patent  mode  by  which  this  is  accomplished  on 
one  or  both  sides.  The  great  sofkness  of  tne  cotton 
surface  adepts  it  peculiarly  for  young  children.  The 
advantages  of  cotton  towelling  have  been  long  appre- 
ciated in  the  Eastern  baths.  The  linen  nap  or  plush 
affords  equal  absorbency,  and  produces  a  sharper  feeling 
to  the  skin,  whilst  the  retaining  of  the  cottnn  groimd 
gives  a  pliancy  of  material  which  has  long  been  a  deside- 
ratum in  towelling  with  a  sharp  rough  surface.  Produced 
by  ''  Holt's  Bfttent."  The  texture  is  applicable  to  shawls, 
counterpanes,  and  other  articles. 

40  Walker,  William,  13  Mar8den*8  Square, 

Mtmc/iester — Manu£Eu;turer. 
Cotton  cloth,  vrith  specimens  in  imitation  of  woollen 
broad  cloth,  havers,  Witneys,  &c. 

47  Cross,  C,  &  Co.,  Corporation  Street,  Manchester — 

Manufacturers  and  Joint  Patentees. 

Very  wide  doeskins,  plushed  on  one  side,  and  on  both 
sides;  lambskin;  shoe  linings;  white  twill;  dyed  cord; 
striped  everlasting. 

Specimens  of  various  articles  of  wearing  i^yparel,  with- 
out seams,  produced  by  the  exhibitors'  patent  machinery. 

48  JoHNBOK,  Jabez,  44  Spring  Oardens,  Manchester — 

Manufacturer. 
White  and  coloured  figiu^  wove  quilting  for  vests. 
White  diamond  quilting  for  vests. 
White  and  coloured  bed-covers. 
White  and  coloured  toilette  covers. 


49  3(ajor  &  OiLL,  49  Cannon  Street,  Manchester — 

Manufacturers. 
Patent  double  coutils  and  nankeen  for  stays,  consisting 
of  two  cloths  woven  together,  and  stitched,  during  the 
process  of  weaving,  at  any  interval  of  space  required  for 
the  various  patterns  of  stays. 

50  Glovkr  &  DuNN^  Manchester-^'Manyjiactuietn. 
Calicoes,  &c.,  with  examples  of  cotton  in  various  stages 

of  manufacture.     India  jaconets.     Cambric  of  various 
qualities. 

Fine  power-loom  shirtings,  finished  in  imitation  of  linen, 
having  140  by  160  threads  in  the  square  inch. 


61        Walmslbt,  Henrt,  Fir  Mills,  Failsurorth,  near 

Manchester —  Importer. 

Table-cloth  manufactured  by  power.  Materials — Ist, 
silk,  in  colours;  2nd,  silk  and  worsted,  in  colours;  Si'd, 
cotton  and  worsted,  in  colours;  4th,  cotton  only,  in 
colours.  In  the  centre  is  a  view  of  the  "Exhibition 
Building,"  80  inches  vride,  110  long,  from  the  official 
design  by  Paxton,  with  emblematic  borders  representing 
Peace  and  Commerce  with  the  nations;  and  a  procession 
displaving  the  costumes  of  Europe,  Asia»  Africa,  and 
America,  en  route  to  the  Exhibition. 

Specimens  of  figured  weaving  by  power,  in  different 
fabrics. 

Woven  picture,  in  silk  and  in  cotton,  of  the  "  Exhibi- 
tion Builmng,"  with  emblematic  borders;  imitation  of 
engraving. 

Goose's  patent  Jaoquard  machine  for  producing  table- 
cloths. 


52  Spencer,  John,  k  Son,  Marriotts  Court,  Manchester 
— Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

Cotton,  white  woven,  fig^ured  summer  bed-quilt,  quilted 
in  the  loom. 

Cotton,  coloured  woven,  figured  bed-quilt. 

Cotton,  coloured  woven,  figured  Dresden  bed-quilt, 
quilted  in  the  loom. 

Cotton,  figured  quilting  hangings,  for  beds  or  windows; 
a  new  application  of  the  mbric  to  this  use. 

Quilting  waistcoatings:  white  quilting  figured  waist- 
coat; and  coloured  woven  quilting  waistcoat — ^figured  in 
the  loom. 


53  Bazlet,  Thomas,  Manchester — Manufacturer. 

Case,  containing  illustrations  of  the  transition  progress 
of  the  manufacture  of  cotton,  from  the  raw  material  to 
the  finished  results,  in  the  coarse  and  fine  departments  of 
the  trade. 

[No.  1  in  the  case  is  a  sample  of  New  Orleans  cotton; 
No.  2,  blown  or  cleaned  cotton;  No.  3,  first  carded;  No. 
4,  second  carded;  No.  5,  drawing  roving;  Nos.  6,  7,  and 
8,  rovings;  Nos.  9,  10,  11,  and  12,  cope  and  hanks,  mule 
yams,  No.  1  to  60;  Nos.  13  and  14,  throstle-yam,  Nos. 
10  and  30;  Nos.  15  and  16,  shuttle  cop-mule  yam,  Nos. 
30  and  120;  Nos.  17  and  18,  hosiexy  yam,  Nos.  5  and  50; 
Nos.  19  and  20,  threefold  sewing-thread,  Nos.  20  and  40; 
Nos.  21  and  22,  white  and  printed  calico;  Nos.  23  and 
24,  white  and  printed  fustian;  No.  25,  Sea  Island  cotton; 
No.  26,  blown  or  cleaned  cotton;  No.  27,  first  carded; 
No.  28,  second  carded;  No.  29,  drawing  roving;  Nos.  30 
to  34,  rovings ;  Nos.  35  to  37,  mule-yam,  in  cops  and  hanks, 
Nos.  200,  400,  and  600;  No.  38,  cn^pe-yam.  No.  100; 
No.  39,  lace  thread,  two-fold.  No.  200;  No  40,  sewing- 
thread,  three-cord.  No.  200;  No.  41,  sewing-thread,  six- 
cord.  No.  400;  No.  42,  sewing-thread,  nine  cord.  No. 
600;  Nos.  43  to  45,  white,  printed,  and  figured  Scotch 
muslin;  Nos.  46,  47,  and  48,  white,  printed,  and  figured 
lace.]  

54  HoULDSwoRTH,  Thos.,  &  Co.,  Little  Lever  Street, 

Manchester — Cotton  Spinners. 

Specimens  of  fine  cotton  yam,  and  of  doubled  yam,  or 
fine  cotton  lace  thread,  arranged  in  segmental  compart- 
ments. 

Specimens  of  the  same  Nos.  of  yam,  and  of  thread,  in 
han 


pec; 
ks. 


55  Johnson,  Rorbrt,  &  Nephew,  95  Wailing  Street — 

Importers. 

Book-muslin  for  curtains,  figured  in  the  Jacquard  loom; 
the  same,  new  design,  palm  and  plantain  tree  alternate. 

Leno  muslin,  figured. 

Swiss  manufacture,  for  curtains,  embroidered  on  book- 
muslin;  the  same,  on  British  net. 

InfBaif  s  long  robes,  and  girl's  frock,  embroidered. 

56  Bradbury,  Oreatorex,  &  Beau^  6  Aldermanbury 

— Proprietors. 
Specimens  of  window  curtains. 

57  Lincoln  &  Bennett,  2  Sackville  Street,  Piccadilly,  and 
58  Union  St.,  Borough — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
Hats  vrith  calico  foundation.     Drab  hats  for  India,  &c. 
Chess-table,   &c.,  made  of  prepared  calico,   turned, 

carved,  japanned,  &c.,  in  imitation  of  grained  wood. 

58  RooBts,  LowRET,  HoLVLAND,  &  Co.,  91  Wutling 

Street — Proprietors. 
Muslins     manufactured    in    Scotland,    denominated 
"Books,"  Swiss,  Tarlatan,  Nainsook,  Mull,  and  Scotch 
cambric.  

59  Mair,  Son,  &  Co.,  60  Friday  Street,  London,  and  163 

Ingram  Street,  Olasgow, 

Patent  muslin  window  curtains,  figured  in  the  loom. 
The  pattern  and  execution  are  obtained  at  reduced  coat 
by  a  new  arrangement  of  the  Jacquard  loom. 

Leno  window  curtain. 

Samples  of  muslin  dresses,  figured  in  the  loom. 

Specimen  of  the  finest  plain  muslin,  manufieM;tured  from 
No.  5408  cotton  vam,  spun  by  T.  Houldsworth,  Man- 
chester.   Bleached  by  Jonn  Wallace  and  Co. 

Scotch  needle  and  tambour  work,  including  embroidered 
merino  and  muslin  dresses. 

Printed  flannels,  twilled  bandannas,  and  cambric  hand- 
kerchiefii.  

60  HoRROCKSES,  Miller,  k  Co.,  9  Bread  Street 

— Manufacturers. 
Long  cloths  and  twilled  shirtings. 


■4   . 


Ammab  L  J.  1  to  8. 


«Bi 


61 


HEHrottftsiiis* 
diovlDff  ili  ftdmlatkni  fer  irinArir  diwninrtftoin, 
and  by  wwwhlnw  and  Uoeka. 


and  oottoB  ilmniMrlnr     Bufthi  bvoeadw 


63     ]CABiE.A]IB^801l,ft00.,JH<^i(ii^i'l(l^^ 

Jfaiicta<ir^~Manii£M)taeis. . 
Oooiioi  and  aeidng  cotton. 


Pkodiioan, 
fl^»eoimana  of  aoiled  and  frded  aalinBy  &jtd,  and 

65       AuMH,  n,,  SaohfUU  Street,  DMbUi^2rodx»o«. 
I!E«e  labour  ooltoB  gooda. 


mitMkf  oiHiSm  oooneby,  it  »agr  ni9t  ba 
ta  Msa  a  tapid  i^anoa  ad  ila  Uatoiy  and 
UfawofOijofiaBM^  tiiattbanHBa  <'Oot- 
Maa  ''Oolnol»''ibstfiAkblagb«a 
ta  tba  Ifaiifc  alolUng  fiAiob  WW  poi  iipoB  a&an; 
ii  laaaoB  to  balkva»  ibai  tbk  flMo  mn  an^ 
fioiyid  fo  ibai  poxpoaa  in  tba  BMt^  ad  a  my  nmoto 
na  «' ftna  Ifnan**  of  JB^Sjpl  k  aa^toemaisr  andanl; 
I  ''ftna  ooMott''  of  India  lirala  ft  in  anticpdfy, 
andvUHlj.    fha  micwiaoopie  oanHnination  of  tfia 
of  ^»a  Uiki^  iwMBify  mada  in  ofdar  to  da- 
of  nuanmj-olotb  (wbkh  ia  nnqnaa- 
iianably  Ifna^  baa  piwrad  ibai  ib^  an  aventiaUj 
in  tem;  iba  fihraa.of  linan  bab^  egrlindrioal 
ai  aaob  and,  and  iba  ttbfoa  of  ootion  baing 


tba  Hfndooa,  from  wlioai  wa  daiiTa  iba  knowladga  of 
'  fltoN^  bara  noi  onJ^fniada  ootton  dotb  from 
moriat  batbafaaxoalladallotbarnailonaavan 
toMidny,  bibadalioafljofibeirfrbiioa.    Harodoioi 
~  na  ii  aa  iba  iMimwmH  wutirftig  <«  Tn^ffa.  and  it  k 

of  by  Aifian  and  Siraboaa  wall  known.  GofeloiM 
aiiidaa  of  trade  and  of  dreas  in  RuaBia  in  1252;  and 
genendly  lued  by  the  Chinese  in  1316.  Ck>tton 
cloth  WM  brooght  to  London  in  1590,  from  Benin;  and 
it  was  aaoortained  about  a  century  previouB,  to  have  been 
the  diief  article  of  drefls  among  the  Mexicans.  Its  manu- 
CKtoze  was  originally  brought  to  Europe  by  the  Moors  of 
Spain;  but  it  was  not  till  after  the  establishment  of  their 
oofnmaroe  with  India,  that  the  Dutoh  began  to  fabricate 
cotton  cloths  at  home.  The  Protestants,  driyen  by  perse- 
eotion  from  the  Netherlands,  brought  this  manufacture 
to  Kngfand  in  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth. 

Oar  ordinary  cotton  fiibrics  haye  their  counterpart  in 
tbe  original  manufactures  of  India;  and  the  native  mus- 
lins of  Dacca  in  Bengal  still  rival  the  productions  of  the 
azquinte  machinery  of  England.  The  former  have  ob- 
tained their  superiority  from  the  skill  acquired  by  manual 
dazlarity  transmitted  through  a  long  lapse  of  ages;  the 
latter,  firom  that  of  little  more  than  half  a  century  of  well- 
axardaed  merhaniral  ingenuity.  The  various  kinds  of 
cotton  fidirics  brought  from  India,  were  originally  distin- 
gnialfted  by  the  names  of  the  places  where  they  were  made ; 
as,  jaconets,  mullmuls,  betelles,  tarlatans,  tanjeebs, 
bvkea,  terridams,  doreas,  &c.  Imitations  of  these  by 
oar  manufactursrs  retain  their  names ;  and  additions 
and  changes  are  made  according  to  the  improvemente  in- 
trodooed. 

Tbe  two  great  emporiums  of  the  cotton  manufacture 
are  Manrheater  and  Glasgow;  the  former  having  Bolton 
for  its  aasiBtant,  in  the  production  of  muslins  and  the 
finer  sort  of  goods;  and  the  latter.  Paisley.  Both  these 
dties  have  risen,  in  consequence  of  the  wealth  produced 
by  tbair  manufactures,  from  the  position  of  third-rate 
towns,  and  known  only  by  historical  associations,  to  the 


noik  of  being  aaoond  in  iba  ^^afgiam,  and  bonomabla 
livabi  in  magnitoda  and  importnoa.  fba  paiianHSKda 
of  Manoiieatar  gooda  wblob  baifa  baaa  aeni  ovnr  to  iba 
Conlinoni  by  aoma  aminent  manufrotaran^  bava  ai  timea 
aodiiblted  apacdmena  of  1^500  diiforant  kinda  of  ooitaii 
maBofroiaia,  yaiying  in  fabirio  and  daiigny  from  iba 
ooafaeat  doth  to  iba  finaat  mnalina;  andin  oolonn,  from 
iba  liahaatdiista  to  the  pkinaai  gooda.  Tbaiann^'lfHa* 
diaaiar  and  OkigQwr  Waiahooaay''  aibiUiad  on  a  tigBr 
board  in  London  and  olbar  iowna  in^tidaooantry,  indl- 
oataa  iliat  all  kinda  of  ootton  gooda  ara  to  ba  obtdnad  of 
iba  exhibitom. 

Thia  .ganaral  name  of  calico  baa  baan  iqppliad  to  ibfe 
plain  wliito  doth  mannfantnged  fkom  ootton^  ftcm  iba 
ebeomatanoa  of  tbia  artida  having  ba«i  ftrat  in^oftad 
from  GaUeni^  in  1631,  tiia  plaoa  of  ita  origfaial  and  prind- 
pd  mannfrctora.  Aa  calico  inoraaaea  in  ita  quality  and 
atreogthy  it  k  oallad  long-dotb,  dnofc,  and  donbla  waiyl 
OaliooHibirting  or  twine-dotb  li  made  to  indtata  and 
au^araada  linen;  and  in  patant-twiaty  iba  yam  ia  mova 
doaalyantwinad  than  in  oonunon  calico.  8hanting-oaUoo| 
aa  its  name  impUaa,  is  a  anbatitnto  for  linan-dieatSag,  and 
ia  prafiBmbla  on  aooonni  of  its  cfaaapnaaa  and  warmtii. 
Printed  calicoes,  or  prints,  at  first  the  imitations  of  thoaa 
of  India,  are  now  produced  in  patterns  of  an  indefinite 
variety  every  year.  Calicoes  are  frequently  impregnated 
with  a  made  paste  of  spoiled  flour  called  "  the  dressing," 
which  renders  it  difficult  to  ascertain  their  quality.  This 
dressing  is  given  merely  to  improve  their  appearance. 

The  peculiar  style  of  printed  calico,  called  chintz,  ori- 
ginally from  India,  and  in  which  the  figures  are  at  least 
of  five  different  colours,  impressed  upon  a  white  or 
coloured  ground,  are  now  made  by  our  own  manufac- 
turers with  great  success,  aa  to  beMity  of  design  and 
richness  of  colour.  The  invention  and  the  drawing  of 
patterns  for  printing  alone  gives  employment  to  artists 
of  a  peculiar  class;  and  the  variety  produced  is  immense, 
in  order  to  satisfy  the  perpetual  demand  for  change  pro- 
duced by  fashion. 

It  is  to  the  production  of  fine  muslins,  that  the  chief 
efforte  of  our  cotton  manufacturers  have  been  directed, 
with  a  view  to  excel  the  wonderfully  delicate  and  light 
fabrics  of  India.  It  is  stated  that  the  turbans  of  some 
of  the  rich  Mohammedans  at  Delhi  were  made  of  muslin 
so  fine  that  thirty  ells  did  not  weigh  four  ounces;  and 
that  some  of  their  broad  webs  might  be  drawn  through  a 
ring  of  moderate  size,  the  tissue  being  so  exquisite  that 
it  seemed  more  like  the  work  of  insects  than  of  men,  re- 
sembling in  the  language  of  Elastem  hyperbole,  "the 
woven  wind.'*  The  threads  of  a  specimen  of  this  manu- 
facture in  the  Museum  of  the  East  India  Company,  when 
examined  with  the  microscope,  were  found  though  spun 
only  by  the  distaff  and  spindle,  to  sxirpass  our  machine- 
made  muslin  in  fineness,  but  to  be  inferior  in  regularity. 
Twenty  yards  of  the  yam  of  which  this  muslin  was  made 
weighed  only  a  grain;  and  a  pound  of  it  would  have 


484 


Class  11.— COITON. 
Areas  I.  J.  1  to  8. 


reached  the  length  of  115  miles.  In  England  yam  has 
been  spun  so  fine,  that  a  pound  would  extend  to  167 
miles  in  length;  but  this  could  not  be  woven  by  our 
machinery.  The  price  of  the  Dacca  muslin  has  been,  when 
brought  to  this  country,  from  10  to  IQ  guineas  per  yard. 
By  the  employment  of  machinery,  and  the  division  of 
labour,  we  are  enabled  to  produce  muslin  much  cheaper 
than  the  Hindoos,  and  even  of  finer  texture;  but  their 
muslin  is  richer,  softer,  and  more  durable,  and  still 
maintains  its  reputation.  The  same  may  be.said  of  their 
calicoes,  ginghams,  and  chintsses,  which  form  the  staple 
conmiodity  of  the  Circars.  Though  nearly  driven  out  of 
the  European  markets  by  cheap  and  successful  imitations, 
they  are  still  preferred  in  the  East,  where  the  merchants 
consider  that  they  are  able  to  distinguish  by  the  touch, 
and  even  by  the  smell,  the  genuine  productions  of  the 
Indian  loom. 

Varieties  of  muslin  are  jaconet,  a  light  kind  of  muslin, 
open  and  soft,  but  stouter  than  the  mull :  the  name  is 
supposed  to  be  a  corruption  of  Jaghemout,  the  place 
where  they  were  made;  it  is  used  for  dresses,  neckcloths, 
'ftc«  Nainsook  is  a  thicker  sort  of  jaconet,  plain  and 
striped.  Mull  muslin  is  a  very  thin  and  soft  kind,  used 
for  dresses,  trimmings,  &c.  Seerhand  is  between  nain- 
sook and  mull,  and  particularly  adapted  for  dresses, 
retaining  its  clearness  after  washing.  Buke  muslin  is  a 
plain  clear  kind,  woven  for  working  in  the  tambour. 
Foundation  muslin  is  open-worked,  used  for  stiffening 
dresses  and  bonnets.  Leno  is  thinner  and  clearer  than 
buke  muslin;  a  sort  of  cotton  gauze,  used  for  window 
blinds.  Cambric  Tnimlin  ig  an  imitation  of  cambric,  a 
linen  fabric;  it  is  sometimes  glazed,  white  and  coloured 
for  linings,  and  twilled,  figured,  striped,  or  corded.  Cord 
and  fancy  checks,  are  cambric  muslins  with  stripes  and 
cords  placed  chequer-wise,  by  thick  threads  being  intro- 
duced into  the  warp  or  weft.  Figured  muslins  are 
wrought  in  the  loom  to  imitate  the  tamboured  muslins, 
which  are  embroidered  by  hand  on  the  tambour.  Glasgow 
is  the  chief  seat  of  the  tamboured  muslins.  Of  cotton 
cambric  there  are  two  kinds;  that  used  for  dresses,  white 
or  printed,  made  chiefly  in  Lancashire ;  and  that  used  for 
the  same  purposes  as  French  cambric,  made  chiefly  in 
Qlasgow. 

Cotton  damasks,  huckabacksy  and  diapers,  are  made  in 
imitation  of  articles  of  the  same  name  in  linen;  they  are 
cheaper,  but  less  durable  in  fabric  and  in  whiteness. 
Cotton  ticks  are  plain  and  twilled,  in  imitation  of  linen 
ticks;  and  there  is  a  kind  called  union  tick,  composed  of 
linen  and  cotton.  Gingham  is  a  thin  chequered  cotton. 
Coimterpanes,  a  oomipiion  of  counterpoint,  have  small 


protuberances  arranged  according  to  various  patterns. 
ICarseilles  quilts  are  more  elegant  than  the  former;  it  is 
a  double  cloth,  with  a  third  of  softer  material  between, 
kept  in  its  place  by  the  quilting  done  in  the  loom.  Cotton 
quilting  is  made  for  waistcoat-pieces,  resembling  diaper. 
Jean  is  a  twilled  cotton,  both  striped  and  white.  Satin 
jeans  are  woven  like  satin,  with  a  smooth  glossy  surface, 
and  are  used  for  stays,  shoes,  &c.  Dimity,  an  article  well 
known,  is  made  striped  or  plain;  now  much  used  for 
curtains.  Fustian  is  a  coarse  twilled  cotton,  compre- 
hending several  varieties,  as  corduroy,  jean,  velveret, 
velveteen,  thickset,  thickset  cord,  and  other  stout  cloths 
for  men's  wearing  apparel.  Common  plain  fustian  is 
called  pillow;  when  of  a  strong  twilled  texture,  and 
cropped  before  dyeing,  it  Ib  called  moleskin;  and  when 
shorn  after  dyeing,  it  is  called  beaverteen. 

Cotton  goods,  particularly  the  finer  fiU^rics,  as  muslins 
and  bobbin-net  laoe,  are  subjected  to  a  process  by  which 
the  downy  fibres  of  the  web  as  it  comes  from  the  loom 
are  removed,  and  the  fabric  is  presented  in  a  more 
finished  state  of  manufacture.  This  process  formerly 
consisted  in  passing  the  web  in  its  whole  width  rapidly 
over  and  near  to  the  upper  surface  of  a  semi-cylindrical 
piece  of  red-hot  iron  placed  horizontally,  by  which  the 
fibres  projecting  from  the  surface  were  consumed  in  a 
moment,  while  the  fabric  itself  passed  unhurt  over  the 
burning  mass.  Had  the  machinery  by  which  this  was 
effected  been  suddenly  stopped  before  Uie  web  was  raised 
from  its  perilous  position,  the  whole  would  have  been 
enveloped  in  flames. 

This  method  of  singeing  muslin,  which  was  practised 
at  Glasgow  and  in  Lancashire,  has  been  in  some  factories 
superseded  by  Hall's  patent  process,  which  consists  in 
the  application  of  gas  to  effect  the  same  purpose  as  the 
red-hot  iron.  The  latter  is  replaced  by  a  tube  similarly 
placed,  and  perforated  in  its  upper  side  with  niunerous 
small  holes  as  jets  through  which  the  gas  passes.  When 
the  gas  is  ignited,  the  muslin  is  passed  rapidly  over  the 
flame  in  a  manner  similar  to  that  already  mentioned. 
Improvements  were  introduced  into  this  process  by  the 
patentee,  by  which  a  draught  of  air  is  created  over  the 
series  of  jets  when  acting  as  burners;  and  the  web  being 
then  rapidly  passed  over  these  burners,  the  air  forces 
the  flame  of  the  gas  through  the  interstices  of  the  fabric, 
and  all  the  loose  and  projecting  fibres  of  the  thread  com- 
posing the  web  are  instantaneously  consumed  as  before, 
without  in  the  least  injuring  its  substance  or  texture. 
The  application  of  this  process  creates  the  distinction 
between  gassed  and  ungassed  goods. — R.  W.] 


VOOUEH  ASH  WORSTED. 


IKTKODtJCTION. 

■  Chaw  vUA  an  ben  vnitod  iepKba  us  m>  tmtod  in  oaueqiiegMe  of  Um  pcMtfaal  diffionltiw  MtaidMit 
nan  AHr«pHatknb(ing  ngmttM  tonndaritadViMdMentbtr  to  indiide  the  ol^feeti  amlnoed  l;  belk 
dUaH  Bidv  aM  gvcnl  midoo.    Tbo  sunnbotam  at  woollot  and  wonted  goodt  «mi  icaraaly  bs  oonaideMft. 


B  In  thatof  oattan,aniil 


III  CImh  11  there  an  little  n 


B  Own  rixtf 


•nkoM  fa  fte  famar  CbM  I7  K      ,      „  . 

^■■M,  te'flMXhdtedCb^M*,  12  tad  16,  Aen  araaboatfive  hmidred.  Thia  di^n^ovtioti  ia  tendered  in  pwt' 
aaea^itaUa  tnr »  doaer  examinatkn  of  the  CatakigDe,  when  it  will  he  found  that  the  great  u^ori^  <H  11m 
BdUtea  in  Claaa  11  (Gottoa  UanuiEMtiuva)  are  fMUjiprodnoers  of  the  matariala  tbe^  d%li7,  wfaenas  in  Qm^ 
|Maat  Chaaa  manj  an  produoeia,  but  »  vei;  large  janmbK  are  liiiiplf  proprieton,  or,  in  the  oonuiianlal 
ipbU,  Taateaof  aneh  materials— a  daaa  of  penuu  elwan  nmnerically  neater  than  the  preoedinK.  * 

CliH  13  MDbtaeea  the  foUowing  cabdiTuioDa : — A.'  Brnui  Clothi ;  B.  Narrow  Cloths :  0.  Fhuuiel ;  D. 
Bhakata;  S.  Woolkn  CUaddng ;  F.  Betgee;  G.  Tartana;  H.  Wonted  Sttiff  Qooda;  I.  Woolen,  WontaC' 
Atoata.  Mrf  Mohair  YanaT^ 

'  Ctai  15  fadiidca  ndxed  ftbrica  and  dtawla  imder  tbe  inhdiTisions— A.  Uized  Wem  rabrica,  nich  m 
CbMm,  aOk,  nd  UtMD  Wapa :  and  B.  Shawla,  woren  and  printed. 

Tlw  poaHnn  in  Om  BnUttiog  of  the  artidea  inolnded  in  tbeee  ClaaMa  ia  ^OMtally  in  the  8onth  Tranaipt 
GaOeiy,  and  on  the  Ground  FioOT,  on  the  left  baud,  or  South  ride  (proceeding  westward),  near  tlie  western 
terminalioii  of  the  Nave.  In  the  latter  &re  arranged  the  cloths,  worsted  slpeca,  and  mohair  goods ;  shawls,  &o., 
■n  diaftayed  in  the  Gallery,  and  extend  through  Areaa  10  to  17.  From  the  delicacy  of  their  nature  sod 
cokmn  they  are  incloeed  in  glnsa  caais,  the  artistic  arrangement  of  which  gives  a  pleasing  character  to  this  part 
of  the  Gallery. 

The  gmt  manufacturing  localities  for  goods  contained  in  these  Classes  are  Chippenham,  Frome,  and  Brad- 
ford, in  Willi ;  Wootton-nnder  Edge,  Stroud,  Leeds,  Huddersficld,  and  Halifai ;  Galashiels,  Hawick,  and 
Selkirk,  are  localities  in  which  particular  descriptions  of  wool  and  narrow  clothe  are  produced.  Blankets  are 
manufacture  chiefly  at  Witney,  Dewsbury,  and  Oakhamplon.  Flarmel  is  produced  in  large  quantities  in  the 
Principality,  also  at  Hocbdale  and  Stroud.  Tartans  form  a  charBcCeriatic  manufacture  of  several  northern 
towitt.  But  the  town  of  liradford  presents  the  most  conspicuous  example  of  a  locality  deriving  a  lar^  share 
of  proqierily  from  the  production  of  a  peculiar  description  of  goods — the  worsted  stuff  goods.  In  1801,  thia 
town  had  a  popalaticn  of  about  6,400,  which,  in  thirty  years,  had  multiplied  to  upwards  of  23,000,  and  ba» 
aiDoe  increased  even  more  rapidly.  This  ia  duo,  in  a  great  measure,  to  the  extraordinary  success  which  haa 
altmded  the  manufacture  of  miied  fabrics,  and  especially  of  worsted  stuff  goods.  The  spinning  of  worsted  yam 
alone  employs  many  extensive  factories,  which  supply  others  equally  extensive  with  material  for  weaving  the 
goods  by  power-looms.  A  very  large  population,  not  under  9,000  or  10,000,  is  now  employed  in  these  fac- 
Ifwi**,  or  in  eonneclinn  with  them.  Ijitterly  the  alpaca  manufacture  baa  risen  into  great  imj«rt«n«e,  and  with 
the  mannfacture  of  fabrics  made  of  wool  and  cotton,  and  of  wool  and  silk,  constitutes  the  staple  industry  of  this 
locality. 

Tlte  woollen  manufacture  frenerally  haa  for  a  long  period  been  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  important 
laaDcbcs  of  our  national  industry,  and  though  less  extensive  than  that  of  cotton,  still  holds  a  highly  influential 
pMiiion,  and  furnishes  tbc  means  of  support  to  many  thousands  of  our  countrymen.  It  has  been  computed 
that  not  fewer  than  312,500  people  are  cmployeil  on  the  whole  in  this  oianufacture,  which  has  been  calculated 
to  amount  to  the  anniml  value  of  about  25,0O0,00W.  The  introduction  of  new  materials  cither  for  use  atone, 
or  JD  cornbinalion,  has  at  tinies  given  an  extraordinary  impuUe  to  the  manufacture,  and  the  character  of  the 
(piods  pmdtieed  has  undergone  several  important  modifications.  The  manufacture  largely  carried  on  at 
|)ewibary,  in  Yorkshire,  of  a  coarse  cloth  from  woollen  rags,  is  very  interesting.  The  rags  are  torn  up  by 
machinery,  and  their  fibrous  material  is  entirely  separated ;  it  is  then  spun  in  low  numbers,  an<l  made  into  a 
o«rse  description  of  cloth  tiiicd  for  beize,  lablo-cloths,  A-c.  The  reproduction  of  a  woven  fabric,  from  material 
natil  recently  regarded  as  entirely  waste  and  uaclcai  for  such  purposes,  is  a  striking  illustration  of  the  adaptive 
inganaity  of  the  preaent  day.— R.  E, 


486 


OLAflSKs  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abeab  L.  M.  N.  O.  10  TO  17,  Airo  South  Tbanseft  Gallery. 


[United 


1  SooTT  k  Wright,  Vigo  Street,  JRegent  8t, — ^DeBignen. 

West  of  England  elastic  doeskins,  in  Scotch  clan  tartan 
patterns  for  trousers;  new  style  in  the  same,  and  angola 
for  trousers;  Scotch  angolas  for  trousers,  and  mauds  for 
railway  rugs;  and  for  travelling  shawls. 


2  East,  Lamdon  &  Holland,  10  Old  Bond  St — ^Designers. 
Specimens  of  fancy  woollen  trouserings  and  coatings. 


3  ScHOFDELD,  Brown,  Dayis,  &  Halbb,  1  Oreshom  St,— 

Proprietors. 
Flannels  in  a  variety  of  singles,  comprising— ^ 

1.  Royal  Victoria  fliumels,  manuractured  from  yam 
spun  from  silk  and  wool.  This  fabric  is  superior  to 
flannels  made  entirely  of  wool,  in  the  following  pu^culars. 
It  is  less  irritating  to  the  skin;  it  shrinks  less  m  washing; 
the  silk  increases  the  strength  and  durability  of  ^e  tex- 
ture, and  renders  it  less  liable  to  tear. 

2.  Merino  flannels,  made  from  yam  spun  from  cotton 
and  wool .  This  article  is  exhibited  on  account  of  its  dura- 
bility and  cheapness. 

3.  Flax  flannels,  woven  from  yam  spim  frt>m  a  mixture 
of  wool  and  flax  fibre;  the  latter  prepared  by  the  Che- 
valier Claussen's  patent  process. 

4.  Silk  warp  flannels:  these  goods  are  adapted  for 
mantles  and  the  nursery.  Two  embroidered  opera  cloaks 
are  exhibited  as  illustrating  the  adaptation  of  the  fabric 
to  articles  of  dress. 

5.  Thibet  flannels,  made  of  choice  Saxony  wool. 

6.  Flannels  in  fimcv  dyes,  comprising  pink,  rose, 
cherry,  crimson,  sky  blue,  gentianeUa^  orange,  canary, 
scarlet,  &c. 

4  TwEEDALE,  Jacob,  &  Sons,  HedUy  Hall,  near  BochdaU, 

and  56  Wood  Street,  London — ^ICanu&cturers. 
Pieces  of  superfine  Saxonv  flannel;   fine  cricketers' 
flannel;  fine  anti-rheumatic  flemnel;  and  fine  imitation 
Welsh  flannel. 


5  Leach,  John,  &  Sons,  83  Wood  Street — ^Manufacturers. 
Lancashire  flannel,  made  from  English  and  Australian 

wools.  Imitation  Welsh  flannel,  from  the  same.  Medium 
Welsh,  or  ''  anti-rheumatic  flannel."  Twilled,  mUled,  or 
cricketing  flannel.  Saxony  flannel  and  coating.  Swanskin. 
Qauze  SuLony. 

6  WILES,  Jonas,  79  &  80  Watlmg  Street— Proyn%tor  and 

Designer. 
Striped  woven  flannels. 
Lancashire  and  Welsh  flannels. 


7  Fox  Bbothebs&Co.,  27  Ibkenhouae  Yard,  and  Wellington, 

Someniet — ^Manufacturers. 
White  and  dyed  woollen  serges. 
White  woollen  blanketing,  and  blankets. 
Hosiery  yams. 

8  Powell,  Samuei,  52  Regent  Street— InvGntor,  Patentee, 

and  Proprietor. 

Double-faced  cloth,  having  a  perfect  finish  on  each  side, 
of  two  distinct  colours,  woven  in  one  single  fabric. 

Specimens  of  superfine  double-fiiced  cloth  for  coats, 
vests,  trousers,  ladies'  paletots;  and  stout  cloth,  for  over- 
coats. 

The  novel  application  of  these  fSftbrics  embraces  every 
description  of  clothing  which  can  be  made  reversible  upon 
the  patent  mode  of  construction  of  the  inventor.  The  il- 
lustration of  their  application  will  be  seen  in  Class  20. 

9  Brown  &  Forster,  5  Vigo  Street,  Regent  Street — 

Proprietors  and  Vendors. 

Trouserings,  in  doeskins  and  caasimeres  ;  in  Scotch 
tweods,  and  natural  Cheviot  wool. 

Waistcoating  of  wool,  of  wool  and  silk,  of  silk,  of  cot- 
ton, and  of  China  g^rass;  embroidery  on  cloth  and  on 
silk, — all  of  British  manufiicture. 


10  Murlet,  W.  &  C,  4  Bow  Churchyard,  Cheapnde^- 

Inventors. 
Waistcoat  lengths  of  various  designs  in  cotton;  silk  and 
cotton;  silk,  wool,  and   cotton;  nlk  and  wool  plush; 
silk  and  linen;  wool  and  cotton. 

11  QooDWiN,  John,  Lawrence  Lane — Proprietor. 
Samples  of  vestings.    White  and  coloured  quiltings,  all 

cotton.     Livery  valendas,  silk  figured  casluneres,  and 
China  graas  lustres,  mixed  finbric. 


12  Bull  &  Wilson,  52 /S^Mfar^m'sZon^— Proprietors. 

Fine  black  cloth,  for  gentlemen's  coats. 

Fine  blue  cloth,  manufSactured  at  Bradford,  Wilts,  frt>m 
Saxony  wool,  indigo  dye,  suited  for  naval  officers'  uni- 
forms. 

Fine  scarlet  cloth,  manufactured  at  Stroud,  Qloucester- 
shire,  suited  for  militaiy  officers'  uniforms. 

Black  beaver  cloth,  for  overcoats;  woven  by  a  patent 
process,  invented  by  Mr.  Daniells,  of  Freshford  Mills, 
Bath.  Two  shuttles  are  employed  in  the  weaving,  the 
one  carrving  the  fine  or  siu^SeMse  thread,  the  other  the 
stout  or  backthread,  each  placed  in  a  distinct  plane. 

The  annexed  cut  shows  a  section  of  cloth  woven  on  the 
patent  process,  in  which  the  arrangement  of  the  threads 
in  the  patent  cloth  is  represented  in  fiff.  1  as  woven  with 
two  shuttles,  and  in  fig.  2  as  woven  with  three. 


Rg,l. 


Kg.  2. 


ooooeoo««« 


*   • 


•  •••••• 

•  •••••• 


Reversible  Witney  cloth,  for  travelling  coats,  &o., 
manufactured  by  Dtmiell's  patent  process. 

Registered  double-surfaced  beaver,  for  overcoats  and 
pantaloons. 

Himalaya  cloth,  for  warm  outside  garments;  made  from 
the  wool  of  the  Oishmere-shawl  goat. 

Fine  coloured  cloths,  for  coats,  manufactured  at  Brad- 
ford, Wilts. 

Clarendon  cloths,  for  summer  paletots,  manufiMstured 
at  Trowbridge. 

Black  milled  doeskin,  for  pantaloons. 

Fine  single-milled  cassimeres  and  Sardinian  cloth,  for 
waistcoats  and  embroidery,  manufSactured  at  Stroud;  the 
same,  embroidered. 

Single  milled  fSuicy  doeskins,  of  new  designs,  for  panta- 
loons, manufactured  at  Trowbridge,  Wilts. 

13    Clare,  John  &  James,  BasinghaU  Street,  London, 
and  Trowbridge,  Wiltshire, 

Woaded  black  single  cassimere;  patent  beaver,  Vene- 
tian, and  ladies'  cloth. 

Satin-face  doeskin;  satin-&ce  single  doeskin.  Milled 
and  single  doeskin. 

Fur  Janus  beaver. 


14  Smith,  John  Bland,  &  Co.,  38  Basinghatt  Street— 

Proprietors. 
Woollen  cloth  rendered  waterproof,  without  being  im- 
pervious to  air,  the  texture  and  appearance  unaltered. 

15  LocEE,  James,  119  and  127  Regent  St. — Manufacturer. 
Scotch  tweeds  for  deer-stalking,  riding,  and  walking; 

and  for  summer  and  warm  climate. 

Cheviot  wool  tweeds,  for  shooting  and  country  wear; 
specimens  of  the  wool  of  which  they  are  made  in  its 
various  stages  of  manufacture. 

Regulation  tartans,  as  worn  by  the  Scotch  Highland 
regiments. 

Scotch  mauds,  for  riding  and  travelling.  Ladies*  dan- 
tartan  shawls. 

Scotch  linsey-woolsoys,  for  the  searsidet 


3 


GuMifli#15.'^W00LLBN  AND  WOBaiED. 
AhusL.  M.  K.  0^10  to  17,  ASB  BoormHAMmKn  QAUunt« 


48? 


IS 


Ifli  oi  F^ffl^  ibiliflL  Midi  "^'ifffT  TOiOilwiirlTij 
;  ailimL 


oloilM^  TtBilittt  dk)>tiiy  Midi  fney  oosHogik 


19 


WMflf 


ft]lkAi^l«A.JM^ 


» 


Mid  vooMj^  Wmok  6MhB.    Wbol-djed  xifle- 

ntMHctfed  blaok  iiMriiiiiiniii.    Wool-djed 

VkMy  trooMringi  of  Tuioiit  i^Im  Mid 


n 


Mid  BOIMVIBUI^ 

Mid  M^McfliM  eioflii. 


flMnB,  &,  £«idii- 
eloih. 


iiSKMf  9t  Ooby  Bedford  Bimtg 


doUui,  Tirioiis  ooloony  fbr  mnking  and  trim- 
Wdies'  {Mdeiots,  first  and  second  quality.     Ladies' 
UmoD,  and  all  wool  Tweedi^  various  colours,  for 
aod  children's  cloaks. 
Faocj  wocdlflQ  doakings,  for  lining  gentlemen's  coats. 


24 


25 


8inoLL»  J.,  Leeds — ICanufocturer. 
twilled  summer  cloth. 


Cook,  &  Wormald,  Leed$ — Mannfscturers. 
stripe  and  drab  beayer  cloths;  white,  coloured, 
blankets. 


26 


Imwni,  E.,  Z^eedi — Manufacturer. 
doilhs. 


27         Eraai,  W.  ft  Sok,  Leeds — Manufacturers. 
WooOeii  doths. 


28  Habgbbats  ft  NoMETB,  FamUy  Low  Mills,  near  Leeds 
-— Designers  and  Manufacturers* 
Bojal  duuneleon,  elastic;  transferable  cloth;  Vicuna 
tmr,  with  wxtoUoi  back;  dyed  black  doth,  from  colonial 


29        8mv,  Wm.,  ft  Son,  Xeed^— Proprietors. 

PSeoe-dyed  sotnid  wool  black  cloths.  Mohair  cloths, 
eoloaz«d.  Mixed  napped  Petershams.  Indigo  dyed  blue 
pOols.    Oorbo  bearers.    Mixed  Witney. 


30  Lambot,  J.,  Leeds — Manu£Eu:turer. 

LadW  coati]^;  tweeds,  Circassian,  Venetian,  and  mo- 
cloths. 

Bnnu,  B.,  Leeds — Manufacturer. 
wooQea  ckyths. 


81 


TaamnoMt  Fms^  ft  Kjamauh 


32 


fShirtrfttt  '^"*li*i  iflk  Mad.  odttoii  WMTD :  nailimnral  tm 

MOld  Klf^^lp^rfaf, 

83     hopiOK,  Wtllsam,  ft  Co.,  X«nC»— Proprietors. 
Olhre  doth.    Blno  oankge  lining;,  Indigo  dy,    Blno 


dothy  indigo  d^ 

84     Sfxai^  loBn,  ft  8oH.  Woodhoms  Lam,  Leed*— 

MittiiaetnrMs. 
WooI]«H^— I)3redblMic,  mefism,  ftti  ookor. 
^'^^''^^^L^  "^  <fw^  d«k  olive,  Mid  Ui^t 

•iL^woaded  odour. 
Ll|^  dhm^  indigo  ds%m 
Iiifidble  green,  wool-d! 
oonunon  oolour. 


i-^fodblMlc,  aBid  pieoo-dyed  bkok. 


85         Svow'BBOTmM^  Leed^^Wmohammu 
SopMfino  woollen  cktiifL 

37  IPasa,  Bdwxk,  ft  Soim!,  HmfkmtmMke,  mar  Leed^^ 

MMiiifiMiiiiren* 

nMdwts:  ooatiqgi  of  alpaoa  woo^  mdudr,  and  osmflf  s 
ludr. 

Ootton  diapor  ng^  bleadied  Mid  imWeadiad. 

88  HsNET,  jL  ft  8.,  ft  Co.,  Z«MiH-Manidh(0taren. 
Woolkn  doUis  Mid  ootton  wMrp  doUis. 

89  B&Tamr  ft  Go.,  Leads,  TorMira   Mwrofcotew, 

Indigo  bhio  oifo^  wool  ^^«d. 
Blue,  green,  olarel^  and  brown  ootton  mrp  doth,  pieoe 
^ed« 
Brown^  green,  and  bine  doth,  wod  d^fod* 
Med^ydoths. 

40  Pawioit,  Sov,  ft  MABinN,  SUmeMdge  MUl,  mar  Leads, 

rcrJb^r-tf— Mannfaftturera. 

Black  cloths,  piece-dyed,  true  colours. 

Mulberry  ladies'  habit  cloth,  wool  dyed,  true  colour. 

Black  cloth,  and  rifle  Venetian,  wool  dyed,  woaded 
colour. 

Blue  Venetian,  wool  dyed. 

Olive,  black,  and  rifle,  ladies'  cloths;  and  rifle-habit 
cloth,  wool  dyed,  woaded  colours. 

41  SwAiKE,  Joshua  &  Edward,  &  Co.,  Oomersall  and  Leeds 

— Manufacturers. 
Superfine  wool-dyed  indigo  blue  Witney  dufiUs. 
Police  and  Canadian  cloths. 


42  CooPEB,  D.  ft  J.,  Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine  woollen  and  doeskin  cloths. 

44  HoTHAM  ft  Whttino,  Leeds — ^Manufacturers. 
Yorkshire  flannel. 

45  Chsetham,  C.  O.  ft  W.,  Ccdverley,  near  Leeds— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  superfine  olive  broad  cloths  of  Australian 
wool.    Bottle-green  broad  cloths.     Sample  of  Australian 
wool,  in  case  of  Australian  mahogany. 

46  Saville,  J.,  Zerdj— Manufacturer. 
Oxford,  pilot,  and  army  cloths. 

47  OoTT,  Benjamin,  ft  Sons,  Ztf^cb— Manufacturers. 
Woollen  cloths: — for  the  home  trade:  brown,  olive, 

and  blue;  and  black  woaded. 

For  the  American  market:  brown,  green,  olive,  bottle, 
black,  Adelaide,  olive  brown,  olive,  Straeburgh,  bottle 
rateen.   Drake  neck,  black,  dahlia,  Adelaide,  olive  brown, 

and  olive  rateen. 

For  the  Chinese  market:  scarlet,  salmon,  black,  green, 
gentian,  blue,  dahlia,  ash,  purple,  and  Burgundy. 


i88 


Glassies  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  O.  10  to  17,  and  South  Tbakskpt  Gallery. 


r  United 


For  the  RuBsian  market  :  orange,  green,  sky-blue, 
scarlet,  yellow,  carmine,  and  gentian. 

For  the  home  trade  :  lad/s  brown,  ruby,  lavender, 
doTe,  chocolate,  and  gentian,  cloth. 


48       Smithbon,  Thomas,  Bromley,  near  Leede — 

Manufacturer. 

Black  medium  cloth,  piece-dyed. 

Dark  blue  ladies*  cloth;  fine  habit  cloth;  black  habit 
cloth,  wool  dyed;  superfine  goods  of  woaded  colours. 

Superior  black  cloth,  wool-dyed  and  woaded  colour. 

Common  wool-dyed  black  cloth. 


49  York  &  Sheepshanks,  Leeds — Manufacturers,  Dyers, 

and  Finishers. 
Woaded  wool  black;  second  woollen  cloth.    Piece-dyed 
black,  and  piece-dyed  black  medium,  and  fSiist  dye. 


50  Gboroe,  T.  W.,  &  Co.,  Leeds — ^Dyers  and  Finishers. 

Worsted  lastings  in  fast  black,  not  woaded,  and  in 
various  coloiirs. 


51  Wilkinson,  John,  St.  Helenas  Mills,  Leeds — 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

New  thin  ship  sheathing,  for  placing  on  the  ship's  side 
underneath  the  copper  sheathing;  thick  ship  sheathing 
for  placing  between  the  timbers  in  building. 

Patent  padding  and  wadding  for  garments;  soft  white 
medical  cloth,  backed  with  India-rubber,  for  poultices,  or 
under  horse-siiddles,  &c. ;  soft  white  saddle-cloth,  without 
India-rubber. 

Oun  wadding  of  first  and  second  quality;  haik  felt  for 
steam-pipe  and  boiler  covering,  and  for  dcKEtdening  sound. 

Indigo  blue  pilot  felt;  indigo  blue  pilot  and  brown 
pilot  for  great  coats. 

52  Wilkinson,  W.  &  E.,  Ze«fo— Manufecturers. 
Crape,  all  wool. 

Cord,  all  wool,  for  summer  cloth,  manufactured  in 
the  worsted  manner. 


54  Robinson,  Thomas,  Dewtbury  Moor,  Dewsbury — 

Manu£Ekcturers. 

Three-points  Mackinaw,  super  merino,  merino  bath, 
land  rosed  blankets. 

55  Crabtree,  W.,  Detcsbttry — Manufacturer. 

Bath  blankets,  fine,  and  striped  with  fancy  coloiuv  at 
the  ends.  

56  Whitworth,  J.,  &  Son,  EarlsheaUm,  Dewlbwry — 

Manufactiu^rs. 

Two  horse  blankets. 


57     Stead,  Walter,  &  Co.,  Leeds — Manufacturers. 

Superfine  broad-doth,  and  wool-dyed  woaded  black. 
Sample  of  fine  Qerman  wool. 


58  Halet,  J.,  &  Son,  Bramley,  near  Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen  cloths,  made  in  the  white. 


59  Halbv,  a.  &  C,  Bramley,  near  Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen  cloths,  made  in  the  white. 


60        Pease,  Heaton,  &  Co.,  Leeds — Inventors  and 

Proprietors. 

Bar^-de-laine  cloth,  all  wool,  for  dresses;  light,  even, 
transparent,  and  soft. 

Saxe-Coburg,  Orleans,  and  other  cloths,  cotton  and 
worsted,  for  dresses. 

Super  quality  de-laine  cloth,  cotton  and  worsted. 

Satin  twill,  cotton  warp  and  woollen  weft,  finish  of  a 
new  descripUon.  In  colours  for  dresses;  in  white  for 
printing.     Union,  silk  warp,  and  worsted  damasks. 


61  Hartley,  J.,  &  Son,  Worthy,  near  Leeds — 

Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Heather  tweed,  woaded ;  and  blooming  heather  tweed, 
woaded  and  grained,  for  shooting-coats,  made  from  Aus- 
tralian wool. 

62  Webster,  Thomas,  154  Park  lAtne,  Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 
Superfine  broad  woollen  cloth. 


63  Webster,  D.,  Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Superfine  wool-dyed  black  cloths. 


64  Bramlet  Woollen  Cloth  Company,  Bramley,  near 
Leeds — Dyers  and  Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  black  cloth,  wool-dyed,  true  and  common 
colour. 


65     Qreen,  R.F., &Sonb,  Leeds — ^Manufacturers. 
Orleans  cloth,  in  blacks  and  various  shades. 


67       Orat,  S.,  Calverley,  near  Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Woollen  cloths:  drab  and  blue  prunelle  livery -cloth. 
Russian  green  prunelle  habit-cloth. 


68      Cromack,  John  Judson,  Leeds — Manufacturer. 

Woaded  and  fast  black  cloth,  suitable  for  the  home 
market — exhibited  for  superior  manufaotture  and  finish. 


69       Fenton,  William,  Eccleshill,  near  Leeds — 

ManufiBctm-er. 
Billiard-cloths,  green,  crimson,  and  scarlet. 


70  Ellis,  John  W.,  &  Co.,  12  Upper  Albion  Street,  Letds 

— Manufacturer. 
Samples  of  cloth,  saved  list  indigo  blues  all  wool,  and 
a  frieze  with  cotton  warp  and  Australian  wool. 


71  WooDHOUSE,  John,  ffolbeck  Moor  Side,  near  Leeds — 

Manufacturer. 
Cloth,  woollen  weft  and  cotton  warp,  fast  colour  blue; 
Cloth,  common  colour,  black. 


72       Beaumont,   William,    Crawshaw  House,    Pudsey, 
near  Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Black  cloths,  made  both  from   Sydney  and  Saxony 
wool,  piece  dyed. 

74        MiDDLERROOK,  JoHK,  Birstall,  near  Leeds* 

Superfine  cloth  flannel,  of  extra  width,  and  of  the  na> 
tural  colour  of  the  wool;  specimen  of  coarser  quality. 


75      Stkes,  David,  &  Co.,  Leeds — Manufacturers. 
Black  milled  cloth. 

77  Gill  &  Bishop,  Leeds — Manufactiurers. 

Brown,  gentian,  drab,  and  black  mohair. 


78       Yewdall,  William,  &  Son,  Ravoden,  near  Leeds 

— Manufacturers. 
Woollen  cloths  of  different  qualities,   vis<i,   Spanish 
stripes,  grey  list  ladies'  cloths,  and  medium  clotbi,  of 
different  qualities;   milled  hair-list  and  double  milled 
hair-list  cloths. 

70      Walker,  J.,  &  Sons,  MUlshaw,  near  Leeds — 
Manufactiu^rs.  Dyers,  and  Finishers. 
Single  and  milled  cassimeres  figured  and  coloursdi 


80        Smith,  Wiluam,  Batley,  near  Dctcsbury — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool-dyed  indigo  blue  Whitney.      Indigo  blue  pilot 
cloth.    Qreen  and  white  mixture,  napped  pilot.    Logwood 
blue  pilot. 


3 


CLAMift  id  ft  iSw^WOOLLEK  AND  WOB»EED. 
AauB  L.  M.  H.  0. 10  to  17,  ato  South  TaAimM  GTAiUKt. 


n 


IL^ft 


IiO%ia  blue  piloi  cjofli.    Blua  mlslim^  rtnl  miiftvre^ 


83       Jvm,J.M^9omi  BmUtif, 

Woot^b^  bloft  WftaflvdoUi;  Una  pOot  dolh;  and 

ra  pOo*  ekHh.    WMka  fiMfi  with  wMotk  IMtng 

oa  tii>  baofc,  btfaig  •  awr  miwiMnrtion  of  nmtMriab , 


Jirii^ttMiaoiciotik. 


84 


A.,  JMfy  JRI^  JMiM^ 
Maauj 


;  Ibr  tntfdling  on  nShn^ 


&o.; 


tan^ft 


87 


for  tntfaiitng  on  numw^  flg%  «>^m 
»iBd  for  ]i>&igomcoift^  &0.I  anda 
wool* 

ia«Mli  ili^  of  tiM  oMiiiiflMtiire  of  braad 
dotik.    i«MfftB6Bi  of  bro«d  wooUan  eloliui  of 
oolomiL  oiialit¥.  and  aubatenoe. 

Wmjdei,  Joaara^  ft  Som^  BMm^etd — 
MamiftMiiiirBia^ 
buflblo. 
noliair. 
wftila  miaad  moliair*    Bliokmiztitra  mohair, 
k  mohair. 
UadCt  gc^MDy  topi  hhw^  aoarial^  drab,  and 


Qm  nisad  a^^aaa,     TalloV  mohair  heading.    Bog- 
kurdoih. 

All  for  ladies*  cloaks  and  men's  over-coats. 


S8       TatijOB,  Jaxks,  Meltham,  necw  Biiddersfield — 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy  woollens. 

89      Lbjuk>td,  Edwabd,  Huddersfeld — Manufacturer. 

of  cashmere  merinos^  used  for  ladies'  boot 


90  Sbaw,  Petbe,  Lockwoody  Huddersfield — Mannfeoturer. 
Woaded  black  broad  woollen  cloths. 


91     Pkacb,  Aamon,  ft  Co.,  Clayton  West,  Huddersfeld 

— ^ManufeMsturers. 
80k  diin^  dress.    Silk  and  wool  dress. 


92  OmMMX,  J.,  ffuddersfield^UMnnhctartir, 
Varkraa  specimens  of  linseys.  ^ 

93  HivcHumB,  John,  ft  Son,  NeicmUl,  near 

Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 
Woadad  mixed  doeskin,  and  mixed  durables,  exhibited 
for  diaapoeas  and  utility. 


94  KmnroN,  Jonas  ft  Jambb,  Dogley  Mills,  Huddersfeld 

— ^Manufacturers. 
Woollen  Salesian  stripes  for  gentlemen's  dress. 

95  BKmncTT,  John  ft  Abraham,  Bradley  Mills, 

near  Huddersfeld — Manufactiu^rs. 
BUtk  Venetian  cloth,  manufactured  from  superfine 
Proasian  wool.  Registered  black  Lahore  cloth,  from 
CWi Hilling  wool.  Double  Napier  cloth,  one  side  wool, 
the  other  from  the  goat  of  Casbmere,  and  one  side  wool ; 
the  oihar  Crom  the  goat  of  South  America,  known  as 
Tiaima  wool. 


m    BmBmMnnrAxmkhmgm,MatMnK)9,Msaiimm' 
)blil— Dwagmni  and  Mimiiiiit  mail. 

Spadmaw  of  (ill  wool)  ilialiw  aluihiiHB  riba,  for 

tronastiBgi^  8^ 

97        CBOBLAmDh  Whaiav  ft  H.,  MvddtnfM— 


WooUan  ftaoy  pwialooa  <Mbm,  ntur  dwigiia  mmI  Im- 
pKovod  aiaatidily. 

'         '  '  ■■  ■ 

98  SfluiWf  Jmvv  WmxuL  ft  Btenr,  Vktorim  JCS^ 

^iddsnfeid   MiainlhoturaHi. 
Woadadwodl-d^radyldaifty  broad,  and  ai^iwfina  oloth. 
Flaoa-dyad  Uaiok  do«h  and  pnm^la.    Wool-dyad  bhuft 
doaiddn  and  oaadmere;  and  rllla  broad  do|h  andwool- 
^ad  Oxford  broad  qkih. 

99  Mnxnjnr  BnornsBs^  J7iicfilwa/l«l(l^]faaiiftotorflrB.  ' 
Sopar  Angola  mixliirea  for  tromen, 

100  HaiTDfasBBOTHEBS,  JSklilflrf/laft^MiQiiftefetDran. 
(^otha— madhuna,  millad  and  doable  mUlad,  ortrabla 

millad.    Boaddna. 


101 


Wbiolbt*  John,  ft  Somb»  Hmai$rsfUld^ 
Mannftoturani. 
CUrety  olirai  Btad<4nixad9  green,  and  Uj^bhia  lifwy 
dotha. 
Bri^t  bhie  dothy  for  oHnii^  liniiigk 

102      VuMWiif  41*  ft  BBAgMoiiT,  HMtn$M-^ 

Manafootarere. 
Kaok  broad  dotha,  oaaahneree,  and  doeddnn^  piaoa* 
dyad,  permanent  odomr  and  finish. 

108  AaxiTAiQxftKyTHBBS,  Jgadtfar^^Mtf-^&nporterB  and 

ManuflieturegB. 

Woadad  bbdc  dephant  beayen^  55  Indiai  wido,  grealB 
wd^t.  46  and  44  ounoea  to  the  yard,  mannftotorad 
ent&aly  from  Port  Phillip  wool. 

Albert  check,  requiring  no  lining  for  the  coats,  one 
side  being  a  plain  colour,  the  other  checked. 

Albert  cloth,  the  two  sides  being  different  colours. 

"  Exhibition "  cloths,  56  inches  wide,  weighing  only 
twelve  ounces  to  the  yard. 

Sooiu'ed  Sydney  skin  wool,  grown  in  New  South  WaleSy 
and  washed  by  J.  T.  Armitsge  and  Co.,  of  Sydney. 


104     LooLwooD,  Joshua,  &  Keiohuet,  William, 

i7uJei<f/*jr^e^6^Manufacturer8. 
Specimens  of  patent  woollen  cords,  velvet  and  leather 
cloths,  chiefly  for  trousers. 


105  Barnicot  ft  Hirst,  Huddersfeld,  Wilsham,  and 

Meltham — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin,  Orleans,  crape  and  fancy  doeskin,  and  hair« 
line  for  trousers,  made  from  middle-price  colonial  (Port 
Phillip)  wool.         

106  Barbeb,  J.,  ft  Sons,  Holmfrth,  near  Huddersfeld — 

Manufacturers. 
Drab  kersey  for  trousers  or  coats. 

107  HoLMBB,  J.,  ft  Sons,  Scholes,  near  Holmfrth, 

Yorkshire — ManufiBtcturers . 
Woaded  black  doeskin  and  Vienna. 


108    3fALLiN80N  &  Sons,  Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 

Wool-dyed  black  doeskins,  exhibited  as  specimens  of 
manufacture  and  finish. 


109 


Beardsell,  Isaac,  ft  Co.,  Thongsbridge,  near 
Huddersfeld — Manufacturers. 
Woaded  black  broad  coating,   steel  broad  coating,  and 
black  Venetian  coating,  manufactured  of  colonial  wool 
grown  by  the  Australian  Agricultural  Company. 

Woaded  black  broad  single-milled  coating,  manufactured 
of  a  picklock,  selected  from  a  Sileaian  prize  wool.     Black: 


490 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  to  17,  and  South  Transept  Gallery. 


[United 


and  blue  broad  coaidng,  sheep-wool  face,  alpaca-wool  back; 
blue  coating,  royal  blue  back  and  green  back.  Fancy 
woollen  trouserings,  three-fold  cloth  wove,  treble-milled, 
and  double-fiEu^.  Fancy  woollen  trouserings.  Woaded 
black  face,  blue  Berlin  wool  back;  double-filled;  woaded 
steel,  &c.  

110  Shaw,  Son,  &  Co.,  ffwUersfield^-ManuSacturen, 

Woollen  cloths  : — Black  superfine  broads;  fancy  coat- 
ings. 
Fancy  trouserings;  reversible  cloth. 
Pattern  cards  of  £Euicy  goods. 

111  Tatlor,  J.,  &  Son,  Newaome,  Huddersfield— 

Manufiacturen. 
Fancy  waistcoatings,    wool,    silk,    and  cotton;    and 
woollen  trousers'  goods    (best  Angolas);   and    woollen 
shawls  and  scarfs.     Ladies'  and  children's  dresses. 


112  Johnson,  John,  Lockwood,  Huddertfield — ^Dyer. 
Floss-yams  in  various  shades. 

113  Day,  J.,  &  Son,  Mold  Green,  Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 

Merinos  (cotton  chain  shot  with  woollen),  used  chiefly 
for  the  tops  of  ladies'  boots. 

Cashmerettes,  cotton  shot  with  woollen  and  silk  shot 
with  woollen;  used  for  summer  over-coats. 


114  Willott,  William,  &  Co.,  Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Woollen  goods,  via.,  drab  livery,  kersey.     Waterproof 
drab  Devon  kersey.     Extra  treble  kersey.     Woaded  wool- 
dyed  black  cassimere;  and  wool-dyed  black  doeskin. 

115  Schwann,  F.,  Huddersfield — ^Merchant. 

Fancy  vesting  called  valencias  or  toilinets,  and  quilt- 
ings.  Fancy  pantaloon  stuffs.  Fancy  dresses  for  ladies 
and  children.  Cassinets,  cashmerettes,  summer  paletots, 
and  merinos.  Shoe  and  boot  fancy  cloths.  Summer-coat 
and  paletot  articles.  Woollen  beavers,  pilot  cloths,  and 
napped  Petershams.  Tweeds.  Plaids  and  checks.  Buck- 
skms,  doeskins,  hnoj  woollen  pantaloons  and  over-coat 
stuffs,  composed  of  mohair,  alpaca,  and  Vicuna.     "  Ele- 

Shant  and  rhinoceros "  skins.    Friezed  coatings.   Shawls, 
[ohair  headings. 

Plain  woollen  cloth.     Red  paddings.     Carpets.     Qro- 
grams,  barracans,  tvrilled  summer  cloths.     Printed  para- 
mattas and  merinos.    Woollen  blankets  and  horse-covers. 
Specimen  of  ornamenting  and  lettering  the  show -end 
(nead-end)  of  woollen  cloths,  kerseymeres,  &c. 

116  ToLSON,  J.,  &  Sons,  Dalton,  Huddersfield— 

Manufactiu^rs. 
Waistcoatings,   comprising  figured    quiltings,    shawl 
cashmeres,  Persian  velvets,  beavers,  low  vestings.     Trou- 
serings.    Challi  wool  plaids  for   children's  dresses  for 
spring  and  for  winter. 

117  Wbiclby,  J.  &  T.  C,  JSTwdaerj/JtfW— Manufacturers. 
Moscow  beaver,  two  faces,  different  colour  and  finish. 

Moskitto,  two  faces,  different  colour  and  different  mate- 
rial. Janus,  nap-fftce,  beavered  and  Witney,  and  checked 
back.  Partridge  mixture,  for  shooting-coats.  Reversible 
cloth,  finished  on  both  sides.  Stockinette,  or  tricot. 
Fancy  trouserings. 

118  Sykxs  &  OoT>ES,  Huddersfield — ^Wool-cleaners 

and  Inventors. 

Drawings  illustrative  of  patent  and  improved  wool- 
cleaning  machine,  which  will  clean  50  lbs.  of  wool  per 
hour. 

Burry  and  motey  wool,  with  the  same  cleaned  from  the 
burs  and  motes  ;  and  specimens  of  bUrs  and  motes  as  taken 
Ax>m  the  wood  by  the  machine,  cleaned,  and  brought  into 
a  good  state.  

119  Hinchliff,  J.  8c  Q.,  Huddersfield — Manufacturers. 

Drab  kersey,  ordinary  milled  and  Devonshire  water- 
^oof» 


Black  and  steel  doeskins;  Oxford  and  mixture  doo- 
skins. 
Various  fancy  woollen  trouserings. 

120  Bbardsell,  Charles,  &Son,  Holmebridge,  Hudders- 

field— Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Woollen  pantaloons,  plain  and  fancy. 

121  Stabkey,  J.  &  A.,  SAeepridge,  Huddersfield— 

Manu£Eu;turers. 
Drab    woollen    cords.      Drab    thickset   constltutioii. 
Fancy,  plain,  and  woollen  velveteens. 

122  Cowoill»  Jessop,  8l  Co.,  Huddersfield— 

Manufacturers. 
Cashmerettes  for  coats  and  ladies'  boots. 


123  HuTH  &  Fischer,  Huddersfield— KerchajitB. 
Plain  and  striped  Franklin  coatings,  wool  face. 
Mohair  back  double  Queen's  cloakings. 

Mohair  back  pantaloons. — Registered. 

124  Clay,  J.  T.,  Bastrick,  Huddersfield— Manuftucturer, 
Woollen  trouserings,  blue  and  white  angolas;  the  blue 

being  a  pure  indigo  dye.  Manufiactured  fi^m  fine  Saxony 
wool;  from  Australian  wool;  and  sundry  varieties. 

Waistcoatings  in  woollen  and  silk;  and  of  fine  worsted 
yam,  cotton  and  silk. 

Union  cloth,  composed  of  woollen  and  cotton.  Vicuna 
cloth. 

125  ScHOFiELD,  Jonathan,  Jtastrick,  near  Huddersfield 

— Manufacturer. 

Fancy  woollen  trouserings,  different  patterns,  and 
woollen  and  cotton,  mixed. 

Silk,  woollen,  and  cotton  waistcoatings,  in  different 
colours  of  buffs,  drabs,  &c. 

Patent  British  cashmeres,  all  wool,  different  colours. 

Fancy  bed  furniture  in  wool  and  silk,  and  in  wool,  mlk, 
and  cotton. 

Fancy  dresses  in  wool  and  cotton,  &c. 

Fancy  shawls,  all  wool,  and  wool  and  cotton. 


126  Norton,  Joseph,  Clayton  West,  HuddersfeU 

Manufiakcturer. 
Summer  shawls  and  coatings.  Registered  winter  wool- 
len shawls,  unique;  and  novelty,  having  four  distioci 
patterns  or  appearances  in  one  shawl.  Union  shawls. 
Registered  goods  for  dresses,  waistcoatings,  and  cloaking!. 
Table  covers.  Woollen,  alpaca,  and  rabbit's  down  glove- 
cloths.  Registered  fancy  woollen  trouserings.  Stocki- 
nette trouserings.     Crochet  counterpane. 

127  Oldfield,  Allan,  &  Co.,  Lockwood  Mills,  and 

Huddersfield,  Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  the  various  stages  of  the  &ncy  woollen 
manufacture,  from  the  wool  to  a  warp  prepared  for  the 
loom ;  also  pattern  ranges  of  fancy  woollen  trouserings^ 
from  the  loom  to  the  finished  cloth,  with  a  drawing  of 
Oldfield's  paten^  machine  for  piecing  woollen  cardings. 

Fancy  broad  cloth  for  overcoats. 

Fancy  doeskin  trousering,  and  fancy  crape  trousering. 
Mode  from  fine  wool.     Exhibited  for  their  manufiusture. 

Black  and  brown  twist  checked  tweed,  made  from  wasie^ 
&c.,  without  any  wool. 

Black,  brown,  and  white  twist  checked  tweed, 
from  waste,  &c.,  without  any  wool. 

128  HoADLEY  &  Pridie,  Halifax — Manufiicturen. 
Damasks,  for  fumitiu^  purposes,  of  different  qual 

and  colours,  manufietctured  of  silk,  cotton,  and  wool,  either 
separately  or  in  combination. 

120      Brown,  William,  JJa/t/ox— Manufiicttirer« 
Damasks: — Cotton  and  worsted,  yam  and  piece  dy«d; 

cotton,  silk,  and  worsted;  silk  and  worsted. 
Table  covers : — Cotton  and  worstod,  yam  dyed^  ooitoB, 

tdlk,  and  worsted;  worsted. 


OLAMin  12  ft  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abkab  L.  M,  N,  0, 10  TO  17,  wsB  Roctii  Ta*(jBEPT  Oau-eby. 


ISO  AXMTV,  3tMn,  ft  San,  ffu/i/cu— Spinnen  and 
Uauu&chiren. 
^bloeoTOT: — CottoD    and   wonted,    aod   silk    uid 


■faMllM,  cmo,  t>l>iii-b*'^,  cimluti,  ihalloona,  wild- 
M^  tul  twSU*,  aUpiiuB,  marinoB,   Savi,  £^>t  India 

ooili^  wonted  and  eottoa: — Union  sergw  de 
I  kitiiifi;  Eotton  wup  prinoettaa  and  full 
Mods,   luitm,    Cobtu^  cotton    w«rp    "■J't 


t,  Vi- 

Tm^a,  let  bime-cOTen. 

TaB*^--flfaiKle,  two-fold,  tad  f>iir>futd  curdod  yums; 
rii|hk  Wok  and  four-fold  combsd;  bui(;1o,  liutra  and 
AihA  wmi  noole  waip;  two-fold  ctunlst  warp  oiid 
■lA)  Im-Md  batmg  ttwpi  two  andthreo-foldOonappe. 


1.  ttmmiuam  Oohns  dotit  (mixed  bbria,  cotton  and 

t.  SBBpaqr  Orlaiiia  cloth  (railed  fUnio,   cotton  and 
<«■(■,  diflering  from  No. :!.  only  in  being  of  a 

(Ubf  de  laiDe  ^miied  fabric,  cotton  and  wool), 
noge  of  qnalttieH,  printed  and  dyed. 
_  4ooDi  Sase  Cobuis  cloth,   made  bam  cotton 
I;  A  naw  bhrie,   of  Uglit  texture,  with  a  rauga 


C  Fowtr-loom  Buige  do  luce,  mode  from  cotton  and 
aMot;  noge  of  qualities,  printed  and  dyed. 

7.  BnSng  lor  ■Iuih'  coloun  and  nulwu;  aignaJa,  made 
If  ptwwtlocnn;  all  wool. 

fl.  W«mlad  kaold  or  hcddle  yam,  range  of  qualities, 
■M^  Mtd  twiited,  and  doged  (to  dcpHre  it  of  looee 
Brnf,  If  power;  it  in  used  !□  the  weaving  of  cotton, 
■Mllij^  woollen,  ailk  and  fiai  fabrics,  to  effect  tlie 
■•flM*nt«f  the  warp  tfareodj  during  weaving,  forwliich 
ik  k  nmdrad  to  be  Mrong,  smooth,  and  even. 

t.  wantad  gvnappe  chord,  prepared  aa  in  No.  8,  and 
wmt  ■  tbe  nwnaTacture  of  braids,  (ringce,  &c,,  its 
■HMtbaMi  anahling  it  to  be  well  combined  with  ailk; 
nan  cf  qnlitMa. 

10.  Wcnted  t*iB>  bagKing.  uaed  for  making  bfle?.  in 
whiA  lioMed,  n(ie-aced,  ftc,  am  crushed  to  extract  the 
«L  It  iitlMraforB  raijuired  to  be  strong  and  duraUe, 
tmi  not  to  mat  togvther  or  felt,  which  would  prevent 
IIm  mI  fraa  ji—rir^  through  it. 


131     SnrAU  ft  Peancr.  Cna  BUU  Mill,  iralif,a— 
Uanu&cturun. 
Cottdti  and  wotMed,  all  wonrted,  and  aiUc  and  wonted 

Slk  aixl  wonted  and  cotloD  and  worotod  Victoria  vcl- 

Hilk  and  wonted  and  cotton  and  woiated  Ttotorin  vd- 
nt  tablf-oorer. 

natn  avd  bmcad*  atriped  wonted  poncho, 

All  ibit  pBttoma  are  regtatered. 

Hm  ■M"r"**^"'~—  exprea  their  opimon  that  the 
~" T,  aro  to  a  style  that 


intry. 


oertaia 


Tlw  vtid*  PCDciio  B  uaed   by  the  nativn  of 
Hia  «f  Soolb  AnMrica  as  a  cloak,  or  outer  garment 
tic  la^ahsd  length,  when  cut  from  the  piece,  has  a  ali 
■■ia  to  b.  far  the  baad  of  Um  wcanr  to  paaa  thtougb. 


SnMrai  ^ 
d  table  00 


133  B^RXCLODOB,  Wn.,  &  Son,  ffoti/rur—HanufikcturerB. 
Samples  of  woollen  cloths  ^--Scarlet,  green,  yellow,  and 

ludigc  lilue,  Btriped)  and  acarlet  white  liRt;  orinwon  and 
drab  droflxetai  rad  union  paddings,  twolduda;  superred 
cloth  pa^nga;  brown,  duk  and  light  grey  kereeys;  blue 
larp  tweed;  green,  red,  crimson,  and  blus 
I)  lAHe  bouse  cloth;  crimson  sjid  green 
.  oorara.  Exhibited  for  cheapness  of  pro- 
duction and  geneisl  utility. 

134  Wash,  John  Whitelet,  Halifax — Manufacturer. 
Cotton  and  worsted  doraaslni,  yard-dyed,  fast  colours; 

woTcn  in  the  power-loom,  with  Jacquard  macliine. 

Wonted  daioask,  ingrain  colour,  and  ingtun  crimson, 
with  borders,  for  dnipertua. 

Victoria  table-olotL,  made  from  cotton  imd  woratod, 
dyed  previous  to  weaving,  fust  colours. 

135  M'Cee*,  H.  C,  flo;>/»uv- Manufacturer. 
F\intiture  damaaks,  piece  and  yarn  dyed.     Cotton  and 

woratod;  all  woTated;  silk,  woisted,  and  cotton;  allk  and 
worsted ;  nnd  cotton  and  woratiid,  tleneva. 

Table-coven.  Cotton  and  wonted;  «lk  and  woraladj 
and  silk  and  woollen,  yoni-dyed.     All  regiatered. 

Poncho  stuffs,  all  woratod,  used  in  S"   "    '-     ' 


136  Clat,  J.,  ftSoNS,  //c/i/iiz— Manu&cturers. 
Linssy,  for  masons  and  carpenters'  jackets.    PlaJding, 

for  drawen.  Cricket  jacketa.  Raised  keney.  Milled 
keney,  for  colliers'  and  excavators'  smocka  and  coats. 
Feamooght,  for  draymen's  coats.  Blue  flunnol,  for  colliers 
and  sailon'  shirts.  Sea.  Oalwaj  or  Irish  flannel.  Ironing 
bhmket.  

137  Aked,  J.,  ft  Sons,  Wu/i/.ir— Manufiioturora. 
Pantaloons,  plain  cotton  and  worsted,  yam  sjid  piece 

dyed.     F^cy  chocks,  yam  dyed.  j' 

Mixture  eoatitigs,  cotton  and  wonted,  yam  and  pioceftf" 
dyed.     Plain  lastings,  and  super  woratod  crapes,  all  wool. 
(ishmeres,  cotton  and  woollen. 


138  WitaoN,  JOHB,  Fir<iil  CUIage,  Orendfn,  near  il.ili/^ 

— Man  iifncturer. 
Poochoa,  HontusB,  and  shawls ;  in  woollen,  cotton,  and 
worsted. 

139  Salt,  Titcb,  lirmi/ord,  rorfaAi™— Manufacturer. 
Alpaca  manvifactum: — Goods  made  from  alpaca,  with 

cotton-warp,  dyed  in  the  piece;  alpaca  lustres,  block, 
vonoua  qualities ;  coloured  and  chameleon,  in  three 
qiifllitica  ;  alpaca  Coburgs,  black  and  coloured,  various 
qualitioB  ;  figured  aJpacH  lufltrea:  twilled  alpaca  lustre 
linings,  black,  coloured,  and  various  qualities  ;  scrga 
alpac.1  lustre  linings,  black,  mrioua  qualities  ;  coloured 
plain  twilled  and  satio  alpaca  mixtures;  coloured  satin 
alpaca  lustres. 

Ooods  made  from  alpaca,  in  its  cultural  coloun.  with 
cotton-warp  mixtures  ;  plain  and  twilled  mixtures,  and 
Croton  coatings,  various  qualities. 

Ooods  mode  &om  alpaca,  with  silk-warp,  dyed  in  the 
piece  :  Silk-warp  alpaca  lustres,  black,  coloured,  and 
cbameleon.  various  qualities  ;  figured  silk-warp  alpaca 
luntrsfl.  chameleon,  various  qualities. 

Goods  made  from  alpaca,  in  its  natural  coloiui,  with 
wlk-worp:  alpaca  mixture  poplins;  [uplins,  plain  colours; 
ChiniS  poplins;  satin -striped  mixture  iioplins;  silk  checked 
poplins;  chinieleon  silk-warp  Bguruil  alpaca  lustnis;  silk- 
warp  summer  coatings. 

Goods  mode  from  al]>avs,  with  warp  composed  of  ulk 
and  cotton,  dyed  in  the  piece  :  alpaca  Incas,  colours ; 
ftgiuvd  Atiiazouiacs,  colours;  figured  silketriped  al[-acft 
lustres,  colours;  satin-striped  alpnca  lustres,  Uack;  um- 
brella cloth;  alpaca  Mild  eliuBs,  coloun. 

Goods  made  from  aliaica,  iu  its  natural  c-]loun,  with 
warp  compo«d  of  sitk  and  cotton  :  satin -striiwd  alpaca 
miituivs;   parasol  cloth;  GguTud  alpaca  ai 


492 


Clabsbs  12  &  16.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abbas  L.  M.  N.  0.  10  to  17,  and  South  Transept  Gallkby. 


[United 


Specimens  of  Britiah  alpaca  wool,  grown  by  the  Earl  of 
Derby. 

Specimens  of  alpaca  wool,  from  the  west  coast  of  South 
America. 

Alpaca  wool  combed.    Alpaca  yams. 

Mohair  manufactures: — G^oods  made  frt>m  mohair,  with 
cotton-warp:  serge  linings,  black  and  colours,  various 
qualities,  dyed  in  the  piece  ;  chameleons,  chin^,  and 
gausse  chameleon,  yam-dved. 

Goods  made  from  mohair,  with  silk-warp,  yam-dyed: 
chin^,  and  chameleon  poplins  ;  figured  mohair  amazo- 
nians,  gause  chameleon  and  satin-striped. 

Specimens  of  mohair;  also  combed  and  in  the  yams. 

Moreens  made  from  English  and  Russian  wool,  various 
qualities. 

Specimens  of  Russian  wool ;  also  combed  and  in  the 
yams. 

[The  alpaca  is  an  animal  of  the  Llama  tribe,  inhabit- 
ing the  mountain-region  of  Peru.  The  wool  or  hair  is  of 
various  shades  of  black,  white,  grey,  brown,  &c.,  and  is 
remarkable  for  brightness  and  lustre,  great  length  of 
staple,  and  extreme  softness.  This  wool  was  brought 
into  general  use  in  this  country  about  16  yeai^  ago  by 
the  present  exhibitor.  Since  that  time  the  various  ob- 
stacles in  the  way  of  its  successful  working  have  been 
quite  overcome,  and  the  alpaca  manufacture  now  ranks 
as  one  of  the  most  important  branches  of  the  Bradford 
worsted  stuff  trade.  The  articles  produced  from  alpaca 
in  combination  with  silk  are  especially  noticeable  for  their 
softness  and  brilliancy.  The  bulk  of  the  goods,  however, 
are  made  with  cotton  warp,  and  when  dyed  and  finished 
approach  in  lustre  very  nearly  to  silk.  The  following  is 
the  average  yearly  importation  of  alpaca  wool  into  England 
since  its  first  introduction,  viz. :  from  1836  to  1840,  7,000 
bales  per  annum;  from  1841  to  1845,  13,000  bales  per 
annum;  from  1846  to  1850,  20,000  bales  per  annum.  It 
is  generally  believed  that  this  last  amount  is  the  utmost 
extent  of  production  in  Peru. 

The  animal  has  not  hitherto  been  very  extensively 
cultivated  in  this  country.  H.  R.  H.  Prince  Albert  has 
a  small  quantity  at  Windsor  Park,  and  the  Earl  of  Derby 
has  a  flock  of  about  60  at  Knowsley.  A  specimen  of  Lord 
Derb/s  growth  is  now  exhibited  by  Mr.  Salt.  Consider- 
able difficulties  have  arisen  in  the  rearing  of  these  animi^lff 
in  England;  but  when  more  correct  information  is  obtained 
as  to  their  habits  in  their  native  district,  these  will  most 
probably  be  overcome.  Attempts  are  just  now  being 
made  to  introduce  the  alpaca  into  our  Australian  colonies, 
where  the  climate,  from  its  great  dryness,  is  believed  to 
be  congenial  for  its  successful  naturalization. 

Mohair  or  goat's  wool  is  produced  exclusively  in  Asia 
Minor.  In  its  raw  state  it  is  superior  in  lustre  to  alpaca, 
and  is  wrought  into  many  beautiful  fabrics.  The  importa- 
tion of  this  article  has  increased  from  5,621  bales  in 
1841,  to  12,884  bales  in  1850.  Mohair  yam  is  largely 
exported  to  the  Continent,  where  it  has  superseded  the 
yam  formerly  spun  in  Turkey,  and  is  there  manufactured 
into  Utrecht  velvet  for  hangings,  furniture,  lining  of 
carriages,  &c.,  a  branch  of  trade  which  is  now  gaining 
groimd  extensively  in  this  coimtry. 

Russian  Donsky  fleece  wool  is  of  a  very  coarse  descrip- 
tion, and  was  first  combed  and  brought  into  use  in  the 
worsted  trade  about  20  years  ago  by  the  present  exhibitor. 
— G.  T.] 

140  MiLUGAN,  Walter,  &  Son,  Harden  Mills,  Bingley, 

Yorksh  ire — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered  alpaca  and  silk  furniture-cloths,  and  dress 
goods;  satin-striped  dress  goods;  damasks;  manufEtctured 
by  a  patent  process. 

Aljiaca  gro,;$ram  coatings. 


Coatings,  worsted,  cotton,  silk,  &c.     Mohiur  mixtures. 

Specimens  illustrative  of  the  processes  of  the  Alpaca 
and  mohair  manufactures,  viz: — 

Fleece  of  alpaca  wool  from  Peru,  and  a  superior  fleece 
of  mohair  or  goat's  wool  from  Turkey.  The  same  sorted 
into  five  distinct  qualities  for  the  wool-comber.  The 
same  on  the  wool -combs,  showing  the  "sliver"  or  long 
fibre  of  quality.  No.  4,  used  in  the  embroidered  alpacas, 
exhibited  as  above,  and  the  "noil"  or  portion  of  wool 
left  on  the  comb  after  the  sliver  is  drawn  off,  and  whidi 
is  used  for  making  heavy  cloths,  ladies'  mohair  cloaloB^ 
&c.  The  same  in  the  various  stages  of  preparation  and 
spinning  until  reduced  to  yam  on  the  spool  or  weaver^* 
bobbin. 

141  Schwann,  Kell,  &  Co.,  Bradford — Proprietors. 
Worsted  merinos,  lastings,  serge  de  Berry,  satin  sei^ge, 

says,  figured  Russells,  velillos,  cristales,  cubicas,  and 
alepinas.  Silk- warp  Coburgs  ;  -double-twill ;  plain  and 
figured  Russells,  and  alpaca  lustres;  dyed  in  the  piece,  in 
various  co1o\u:b.  Silk-warp  mixed  alpacas,  grey  weft — 
natural  colour  of  the  wool.  Cotton- warp  Cobuiigs; 
ditto,  double-twilled;  plain  and  figured  Russells;  Orleans; 
demi,  alpaca,  mohair,  and  twilled  alpaca  lustres;  says; 
linings,  worsted  weft;  linings,  mohair  weft;  figured  Or- 
leans;  plain  and  figured  satins:  dyed  in  the  piece,  in 
various  colours.  Cotton-weft  lastings  and  serges  de 
Berry;  silk-weft  and  linen-weft  lastings  and  serges  de 
Berry:  dyed  in  the  piece,  in  various  colours.  SiSi  and 
cotton  dresses,  dyed  in  the  yam.  Cotton  and  worsted 
black  and  white  checks  ;  cotton  and  worsted  fancy 
dresses;  cotton,  worsted,  and  silk  dresses.  Cotton  and 
wool  plaids. 

142  Rogers,  G.,  i?ra<yQrtf— Manufacturer. 
Coboui^  cloth  of  fine  quality:  silk  and  cotton  warp. 

143  FoSTXR,  J.,  &  Son,  Black  Dike  Mills,  near  Bradford^ 

Manufacturers. 
Goods  made  of  cotton  warp  and  alpaca  weft;  of  cotton 
and  silk  warp,  and  alpaca  weft;  of  silk  warp  and  alpaca 
weft,  and  of  cotton  warp  and  mohair  weft;  crapes,  silk 
striped  and  others;  gros-de-Berlins,  figured  and  others; 
alpaca  coatings  in  various  qualities,  and  varieties  of  shade; 
twilled  alpaca  silk  checked  fancy  coatings;  vestingi; 
chin<S;  damasks.  Alpaca,  mohair,  and  worsted  yams. 
Dyed  by  Mr.  Joseph  Holdsworth,  Wakefield. 

144  JowETT,  Thomas,  &  Co.,  Bingley,  near  Bradford, 

Yorkshire — Manufacturers. 

Cotton  warp,  and  alpaca  weft,  dyed  black. 

Cotton  warp,  and  dyed  silk  warp,  and  alpaca  mixture 
weft,  natural  colours. 

White  silk  warp,  and  brown  and  black  alpaca  weft^ 
natural  colour. 

White  and  dyed  silk  warp,  and  black  silk  warn. 

Dyed  silk  warp,  and  black  alpaca  weft,  figure^  natural 
colour. 

Dyed  silk  warp,  satin  faced,  and  black  alpaca  weft; 
dyed  silk  warp,  figured,  with  black  alpaca  weft,  suiti^le 
either  for  vestinga  or  dresses. 

Cotton  warp,  plain  and  figiured  silk  stripe,  with  alpeoft 
mixture  weft. 

Dyed  silk  warp,  and  dyed  linen  weft. 

Dyed  silk  warp,  and  silk  weft,  figured,  and  white  nlk 
warp,  and  China  grass  weft,  figured,  for  vestings. 

145  Harris  &  Fison,  Bradford — ^Manufacturers. 
Circassian  cloth :  the  weft  is  a  combination  of  the  finest 

wool   and  silk,   which  produces  the  glossy  surface  it 
exhibits. 
Cloth  woven  from  the  hair  of  the  Angola  rabbit. 

146  Armitage,  George,  &  Co.^  i^roc^ori— Dyers. 
Orleans,   Coburg,   and  Brazilian  cloth ;  mohair,  silk 

and  mohair,  and  silk  and  alpaca  figures,  of  Tariaus 
qualities  and  colours,  plain  and  shot.  Exhibited  M  qie* 
cimens  of  dyeing* 


-WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED, 
ro  17,  ASH  Sodth  Trasbkit  Gai.lbby. 


147    Tmam,  A.,ACo.,  Jlrailford—JluivIaetarerR. 

Fhia  aJtioca  loatrm  and  chaiueliiatiB :  ploui  chunelecmB, 
wntad  waft ;  piiiui  Cuwir  ■tnpe«  uid  obeck :  plun  ut- 
hte^  ml  dpBia  waft ;  fi(;ured  OrWiu  ;  olpaw  Inatre 
l^qna;  twillad  HtUoai  and  Sgui-M;  Oguiwl  Circaausua, 
ttm^  and  etuecki,  tU  in  cotUrn  warpe  and  pi«cc  dyed. 

llMliiliii«i.  or  mixed  ilpacB  lustrea,    natural  coIoutb, 
■Dfc  WHp  alpMa  luotrea,  plam,  etripec,  ckwka.  and  figures, 
ta  ^tfonl  ooloun  lod  pwoe-df  ed. 
^tia  Bolair  cfaanuileoni  and  Borages ;  fane;  colourod 


148  fimay,  Eswau)  &  Sox,  Brad/oni,  Torithirt—Djen. 
OilaM  d<itiw  and  Cobuig  elotlu,  djed  fi™u  white 
lYouh  dt  kloM  and  marina*. 

prodiuBd  tt;  a  potonUd  procoH. 

naiMwh  tablc^oTcn. 

thia  badBviMa.  dyod  frnin  white  wup*. 
.  AH  j«h«l«n-J  M  ■pedDum  of  dfsing,  &c. 

[n>  bmipf  of  the  woncted-itoir  dyer  was  formerly 
•wSaad  to  tha  comparativelj  liniple  proocu  of  djeiii^ 
(kodl  Wlnpiwinl  «atinl;  of  wool.  The  introductioQ  of 
Mttoawwpi  in  1834,  with  Tarioos  comLliuitioiu  of  uUc 
pt^mMBtly  rtaduoad,  rendered  n«ces>iUT  more  vuiud 
■  r  that  a  fkbric 
H  mi^t 


ta  t*  NOcit*  as  •qoal  and  regular  dje.  The  1^^ 
■■laavr^tedfccd  bade  i«,  in  ■  great  meatuni,  attri- 
haUto  to  A*  wwgy  and  ikill  ol  the  djen,  bj  whom 
•k  «t|^w>  kaa  ban  •ocompluhed  ao  effectoaUr,  tluii 
■Hfc  aaia  of  wUta  ootton  warp  and  wonted  weft  can 
■B^aAtdHOrt,  if  Dot  qaita,  aa  pofeet  in  colour  aa  Frencb 
■Mteaa  eooipaacd  of  wool  alone.  Some  idea  of  the 
HkosBt  at  wonted  goods,  dyed  imd  QuiBbed,  may  ba 
fccMrf  bvm  tbe  het  that  the  three  largest  dyaing  ceta- 
liIMiiinilalaniilf  1  cui  each  turn  out  about  12,0<Hi 
|iaaa  waAlj;  In  addition  to  which  there  are  many  dye- 
^iak&lnMaMa  in  Dnghbouring  towns  priudpally  lupphed 
witfc  BO&  bvm  Bradford.— O.  T.] 


149    Ckavss,  J.,  tc  SoK,  I'mprct  Ifill,  T/umUon,  nc-ur 
Bradfant—MtB  ufcctuTB™. 
LaMn   fMaans,   in    diSerotit   qnolitiea,    blacks    and 


t,  J.,  Bradfiird — MoDuAoturer. 
ICsad  Ctbrita,  compCMd  of  cotton,  alpaca,  and  »il)c, 
|fa^actd  Ignrad,  lor  TcMinga,  drenea,  &c. 


153 


Dalvt,  Jaks*,  fiW/M-d— HanuTacturer. 
,    iiiBCfu  of  flgorad  bombaanea;  figured  and  plain 
mm.  Ofm;  ailk  atripee  and  oliecks;   figurad   worited 
OMBaa  and  ddnte;  flgorad  and  plain  alpaca  lustres,  alpaca 
^M  othat  tnixtana;  alpaca  and  wanted  figured  cloaking 
'    "  ■        I   and  Coburgi; 
>.  Riple;  &  Sod. 

153  Ck*W)t  ft  Habbof,  Unul/mf— Manu&cturen. 
"  '     t  clotha,  black  and  colour*,  in  various  quolitiea. 
a  dotlu,   black.    Full-twill  cloths,   with  silk, 
~  i  notion  wsrpa.    Shawl  clotho,   in  varioua 
Mkaa. 
1  ftrimna  clothe,  black  and  coloun.    Alpaca 

DiiM  and  wgtalad  damaika. 


Canton  clotha.  Linings  and  aerge  dotha,  Uaok.  E^uiay 
goudx,  in  various  styles.  Alpaca  mixtures,  itt  varioiiB 
4ualiti«a  and  nsMral  eoloura. 


155  HiiaaAB,Wn.Liui,  &Si>!SS,  Ke^hUy—iianahistaiera. 
Sniaplee  of  Orieaoa,    luBtreen,   worsted    lining,    and 


156  8BirTTt£WoRTS,Wuj.IAM,  &Co,,  A'orfltSiVrrify,  n«(^ 

£nii^on^WontBd-apinnetB  and  Honufkiturera. 

1.  Piece  of  plain  fiiBtioQ.  I       B.  Silt  atuff— mourmng, 

2.  Low  figured  Orleana.  9.  Low  pluD  miitora. 

3.  4,    5.     Figured   silk      ll>.  Shot  silk  stripe, 
stripe.  n.  The  same  cheokad. 

e,  T.  Fancy  figured  ailk      13.  Fancy  figured  Orleana. 


157      Clutbam,  Jobs,  finuT/inxf— Manufacturer. 

Ket.  ootton  warp,  am)  alpnca  weftj  net,  cotton  warn 
and  wonted  weft ;  Coburg  cloth,  cotton  warp  and  worsMd 
weft ;  dlsgonal  lining,  cotton  warp  and  alpam  weft. 


158  ClaPHAH,  WnjJiJI,  Wiladea,  acar  Biajlty,  I", 
— Manufooturer. 
Coburg  dotba,  of  vHrious  qualitiea  and  colours. 


159  WalLjCocKbhot,  ftWiu,  Linton  MUU,  tuar  SiiptM^ 
yartth  iis — Uanufaoturen. 

Shaded  tnpeatry  ground,  with  rarioua  coloured  ailk' 
figure,  and  brigbt  rwied  shisdes  in  wool  for  dreeaes. 

Shot  and  printed  ground  Orleans,  with  coloured  silk 

Fau)  Orleans  cloth,  in  new  colour,  from  a  combination 
of  Tarioua  wools. 

Prep&ratious  of  wonted  yam. 


ICO      UOBTOH,  Datid,  UaOdm,  ntr  Bradfori— 
MoQu&oturer. 

Cods  of  uniuE  tweeds.     Cotton  warp  and  wootlon  woft. 


Block  Orison*  clollu,  uf  var 


162  ToWKENB  BBcrrilEBH,  CW/iiyieortS,  n#ar  Jra^ftiprf— 
Monufaeturars. 
Wonted  heold  yams,  various  folds  ;  wonted  genappe 
yamB,  and  of  larious  dogreea  of  twist ;  molioir  poplm  ; 
worsted  and  moboirsnd  alpaca  varus  ;  mixed  mohair  and 
Bl)>aca  yarns  ;  woratad  weft  and  warp  yarns. 


163    Sekok,  Siltxeb,  &  Co.,  Brui//un/— Propriatora. 

Orleana  cloth,  manufactured  by  Chapman  &  Whitnker, 
Baildon,  near  Bradford;  dyed  by  J.  M.  Kirk,  Halifax, 

Orleans  cloth,  manuFoctured  by  William  Lund,  Keigh- 


104        Peel,  WiUJiw,  A  Co.,  Br.2cl/vrd,  rorMife— 
Muiufocturen. 

Coburg  cloths  of  various  qualities  oud  coloun. 

^ilk  wsrp  paramattas,  BroxiliauB,  and  silk  wixp  double 
twills,  blacks. 

165  BoTTOKLET,  MosES,  &  SosB,  Sfitif,  Mw  Ilalifax— 
Designen  and  Muiulactiiren. 

Figured  Angora,   composed   of  mohair  and  silk,   for 
ladies'  dreases. 

Figured  Genoa  locn.    Tbe  pile  has  not  befom  been 
produoed  in  stuff  goods. 

Figured  gauze  Uce,  composed  of  muliair  and  nilk. 

Figured  mohair  lustre,  in  different  qualitiaa  and  pat- 


494 


CLA88E8  12  &  16.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abras  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  TO  17,  AND  South  Tbansbpt  Gallbbt. 


[Unitsd 


Figured  Orleans,  in  different  qualities,  &c,,  composed 
of  worsted  and  cotton,  for  dresses,  &o. 

Mohair  serge,  in  various  patterns  and  qualities,  for 
coat  facings,  &c. 

Orleans  serge,  for  coat  facings,  &c. 

Mohair  lus^,  plain,  comp^ed  of  mohair  and  cotton, 
of  various  qualities. 

165a    Holdswobth,  Joseph,  Wo^/^W— Dyer  and 

Finisher. 
Pieces  of  stuff,  mixed  fEibric  of  cotton  and  worsted,  and 
cotton  and  mohair,   figured  and   plain;    exhibited   as 
specimens  of  dyeing. 


166  HoUMWOBTH,  John,  &  Co.,  Halifax,  Yorkshire — 

Manufacturers. 

Crimson  merino  and  green  durant,  for  lining  rich  da- 
masks.   Black  and  white  cotillion  for  ladies'  skirts. 

Printed  Toumays,  registered  patterns,  used  for  furni- 
tures. 

Oreeu  and  gold,  crimson,  buff,  blue  and  gold,  gold  and 
white,  and  gold  silk  and  worsted  damask. 

Crimson  and  gold,  blue  and  salmon,  and  crimson, 
green,  and  gold  yam-dyed  damask. 

Blue,  girs^e  and  wmte,  crimson,  green,  and  morone, 
and  blue  and  salmon  yam-dyed  daznask. 

Oreen  and  white  and  drab  and  white  union  damask. 

Giraffe  and  white,  blue  and  white.  Ponceau  and  white, 
&wn  and  white,  and  gold  and  white  union  damask,  all 
registered  designs  for  furnitures. 

Scarlet,  drab,  giraffe.  Ponceau,  sea-green,  fawn,  blue, 
rose,  crimson,  green,  morone,  and  buff  worsted  damask 
for  furnitures.  Ponceau  and  sea-green  Turkey  cloth 
damask. 

Green  and  gold,  green,  crimson,  crimson  and  gold, 
green,  salmon,  and  white,  blue  and  gold  (silk)  yam-dyed 
Turkey  cloth  damask. 

Royal  blue  and  buff,  crimson  and  gold,  crimson,  mo- 
rone, and  gold,  crimson,  gold,  and  white  silk  and  wool 
damask.  Green  and  Ponceau  merino  curtain,  quite  new, 
all  for  furnitures. 

Albert,  Victoria,  merino,  and  silk  and  wool  table 
covers;  registered  patterns. 

Crimson,  scarlet,  drab,  and  Ponceau  watered  moreen, 
for  furnitures. 

Coburg  and  Orleans  cloths  for  ladies'  dresses.  Black 
lining  for  coats.    Damask  aprons.    Merino  damask. 

Serge  de  Berri,  union,  worsted,  and  silk  lasting  for 
buttons. 


167  SuoDEN,  J.,  ^Brothers,  Dochroyd Mills,  nearKeijhlet/, 
Bradford — Manu&cturers. 
Plain  and  striped  calimancos;  strong  worsted  merino, 
union,  and  princetta  savs;  strong  union,  and  merino 
shalloons;  merinos;  cuoicas;  summer  cloths,  double 
twill;  union  princettas;  bombazet;  worsted  heald  yams; 
worsted  genappes;  mohair  and  alpaca  genappes;  800  spe- 
cimens of  yams,  used  in  the  manu&cture  of  poplins,  &c. 


168  MiLNEB,  J.,  &  Co.,  Clayton,  near  Bradford — 

Manufficturers. 
Orleans.    Worsted  weft  and  cotton  warp,  in  different 
colours.  

169  Clare,  J.,  56  High  Street,  /?r<K//ord— Manufacturer. 

Table  cloth,   embroidered  with  thread    on    crimson 
sarsenet. 


170  Slater,  Henrt,  Teadon,  near  Leeds — Manufacturer. 
Woollen  netting,  used  by  gardeners  for  the  protection 
of  the  bloom  of  fruit-trees  from  frost. 


170a    Nicholson,  John,  i^rocf/orcT— Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  cards. 

171        Roberts,  H.,  ^Aie(^ori~ManufiBcturer. 
Grogan  coatings. 


172  Tetlet,  Mrs.,  fra^oftf— Producer. 
Embroidered  quilt. 

173  Rand,  John,  &  Sons,  Bradford— "Manu&ciwnn, 
Cobourg  cloths,  cotton  warp,  worsted  weft,  of  different 

qualities,  blacks,  and  colours;  Cobuigdoths,  first  quality; 
and  with  silk  warp;  merinos,  moreens,  and  worsted  waip 
and  weft,  single  and  double  twill.  Several  of  the  pieces 
exhibited  are  of  the  finest  deecription  of  worsted  goods 
ever  manufactured. 

[The  following  details  will  convey  some  idea  of  the 
progress  and  extent  of  the  worsted  stuff  trade.  Messrs. 
J.  Rand  &  Sons'  factory  was  built  in  1803,  and  was  the 
third  erected  in  Bradford.  The  population  t>f  the  town 
and  neighbourhood  was  then  about  6,500;  it  is  now 
estimated  at  00,000.  There  are  at  present  in  Yorkshirs 
(principally  in  the  parishes  of  Bradford,  Halifax,  Kei^iley, 
and  Bingley),  418  worsted  factories,  with  746,281  spindles, 
30,856  power-looms,  and  employing  70,905  workpeople. 
Taking  the  worsted  and  woollen  manufactures  together, 
the  increase  during  the  last  16  years  has  been,  in  the 
number  of  factories  51  per  cent. ;  in  the  number  of  hands 
employed,  116  per  cent. — O.  T.] 

174  HoRSFALL,  J.  G.,  &  Co.,  ^rocf/orti— Manu&cturers. 
Henrietta  cloths,  with  silk  warp  and  worsted  weft. 
Fine  Saxony  cloth,  all  wool. 

Fine  Coburg  doUi,  with  cotton  warp  and  wonted 
weft. 

Coburg  cloth  of  various  qualities. 

175  TowNEND,  Simeon,  Thornton,  near  Bradford— 

Manu£Bcturer. 
Worsted  heald,  and  genappe  yams,  spim  firom  Britiah 
wools  ;  healds,  or  harness  for  weaving  woollens,  worsteds^ 
linens,  cottons,  &c. ;  braids,  poplins,  galloons,  oonls,  Ac. 
manufieMHiurod  from  genappe  yams. 

176  Whitlev,  James,  Morton,  near  Bingley,  Torhkir^ 

Manu£Bcturer. 
Alpaca  yams  on  spools  prepared  for  weaving. 
Mixed  alpaca  and  mohior  yams  on  spools  propazed  for 
weaving,  in  various  colours. 

177  Sharp,  David  Wilkinson,  Pwi^/ey— Manufacturar. 
Alpaca  yams  on  weaving  bobbins,  prepared  by  Boss's 

new  process,  with  improvements. 

Mohair  yam  on  spinning  bobbins,  two-fold  in  the  >i*"V^ 
and  in  colours. 

Mohair  yam,  single  in  the  hank. 

Slivers  of  mohair,  combed. 

Worsted  yam  on  weavers'  bobbins. 

178  QuiTZow,  ScHLESiNGER,  &  Co.,  Bradford— 

Proprietors. 

Berlin  wool,  in  various  folds  and  colours^  spim  and 
dyed  in  England. 

Flax,  produced  b^  the  new  patent  process  of  Mr.  P, 
Claussen,  viz.,  flax  in  the  straw,  showing  on  the  same 
stems  the  fibre  both  imprepared  and  prepared,  and  also 
unbleached,  bleached,  and  dyed  various  colours;  carded 
flax-fibre,  imbleached,  bleached,  and  dyed;  heckled  flax- 
fibre,  long  flax-fibre,  unbleached  and  bleached. 

Yams,  spun  from  the  above  flax,  alone,  and  mixed  with 
cotton,  wool,  and  silk. 

[To  the  present  time  it  has  been  considered  impossible 
to  apply  existing  cotton  machinery  to  the  manufacture  of 
flax.  Mr.  P.  Claussen  considers  that  this  difficulty  now 
no  longer  exists,  and  that  by  processes  adopted  by  him,  it 
is  possible  to  prepare  a  kind  of  "cotton"  from  flax, 
suitable  for  a  large  niunber  of  manufacturing  purposes, 
and  capable  of  being  spun  in  tolerably  high  numbers. 
A  peculiar  part  of  Mr.  Claussen*s  patent  is  the  bleaching 
of  flax  and  its  disintegration,  which  is  said  to  be  efiected 


■  IS  ft  IS^WOOLLEN  AKD  WOBSfFSD. 
Abu<  L,  H.  K.  0. 10 10 17,  AKD  SouTE  l^uam  QiMJMax. 


teBM>7*ort  iVM»  "ftfatw.    It  taiMad  thrttkkii 

lHabMUfH,eBtlMmlittiTC  <rf  aaMld  wttb  ths  «i^ 
bwtfd  A4  in  lAU  tha  flu  ii  lUaped.— B.  R.] 

I,  Wnuub  Aodbn;  Ta-Uti^ 
■.  t.  BmUml    ll«lill(h<lll 


181        Bunanw,  J.,  «  Ot^Mt,  Bn^erd— 

>Wk  i^  %Mrf  0(1^  «aMd>ad  viOi  d] 

'  Vwwy  dbtii.  »t«Miw.l  with  grid  laj 

Oft  Md   I  Biiad  laitaM,  ambraU* 

aolan  af  riBi,  In  AUnirt  lidpi    dlk  imp  and  mizid 
a^didavlt.    Tfc»  wtwMtriM  li  dom  by  nmifajiiw^, 
d  MHte«Hibntd«r  uiinB  tn  •»  part  of  the 

■  •fOadM^M. 

183    On 


OlMAt  TChal  te  Ibnten  and  Ibfap  of  oaniieaa,  &0. 


■  of  Coburg  cloth,  6  and  7  quarten  wide,  mwla  of 
IjimJiiBlun,  ClUTiot,  South  Down,  Australian,  ajid 
Saionj  wool,  in  bnwn,  bUck,  green,  royal  blae,  icorlat, 
dr>b,  aiifl  FVoicb  gniy  coloun- 

PicMB  of  doable  twill,  7  qavtan  wide,  made  of  South 
Dcnm,  AnatikluHi,  and  Siixon;  wool,  in  claret,  ftea-green, 
aad  roykl  blue  coloan. 

All  tluae  pieoee  afv  (ued  for  lulieH^  dre—ea. 

naecB  of  coatinga,  7  qnarteia  wide,  in  very  dark  blue 
■ad    black   ooloium.       lleae   are   nrcd   far   geDtlemeo'e 


The  lettsn  affiled  to  the  ipeeimena  of  cloth  for  ladies' 
drwi»i  refer  to  oaTTeapouding  nutb  affixed  to  the  patterns 

TUa  woni 


185  BmmH  ft  Co.,  Abiagdim  Street,    Portland  Strttt, 
Maachater — HaouEacturera. 
ITttacikt  valTst,  tar  deooistioos,  furniture,  upholstery, 
and  oniip  lining!. 


1 86  Kat,  RiCRUDaoH,  &  Wno^  OumctryLane,  Maact 
— Hanufactnrers. 
Brocade  ^«M.    Chene  baiige  de  Valendennea.   Cheoe 
Yanaillaa.    Baliga  robe  de  Verona. 


CoCBa^m,  J.  ft  W.,  QaloAitl;  Scotland— 
Haouhcturen. 
of  Scotch  tweed  ti 


189      BaUMUOs  &  BiBUUi,  Qalathiela,  Scotland— 


Rp^mpnbU  tartaOB  iif  thn  TOth  or  ComeromiuiB,  the 
nni-d  or  SiithflrUod,  the  fl2nd  or  Gcrnlon,  tlie  JIat  or 
Mookoniie.  and  tho  4Jiid  t.r  Itoj-al  Hiehlnmlcre  ;  the 
"  aettfl"  takeu  &nm  Lo^ui's  "  S«itti(h  Oikst;"  in  a  siun- 
laer  fabric  of  ctotli.  mode  of  Goo  Sniciiiy  wool,  and  • 
sliepherd'a  cloth. 

The  Rnvtkl  titrUn,  (ho  Rojil  HlghionJeni,  the  Miu 
Keozie,  the  SiitliDi'limd.  imd  tiut  hiintic^  MncDonald 
turtftUB,  in  fa.brli's  for  lodita'  <li-esses,  mado  of  Smcany 
luiilw'-wooL      Sjjc<diiieiia    of  otbi-r  Sooltjah  &Lrice  far 


191 


Ixolu  ft  Bmwm,  aalaiiUt,  SoaOmA— 
Hanu&ctnma. 
of  Sootch  twsada. 


)2  Lni,  S.  ft  O.,  QalaAith,  AdCIm}— Kann&ohiMM. 

PUda:—iSnd  tartan.  Wanfcanrie.  Forliet,  Ynmm.  y\6. 
toite,  B«n]  Stewart,  H'Nml,  Oordui,  and  M-rhfrimw 

" 1  and  smaU  oheiA). 

Fnwc  t•rtM^  Boyal  Stowai^  Mad.  Gordoi^ 


"•zx: 


PUda  aa  worn  by  the  Bootdi  "■fl'*'"^  ni^meirti. 
ladiaa*  Soobdi  plaids,  shaphirdaM  and  fiuwy.  Oentla< 
man's  royal  Btewart  plaid.     Pieeea,8oatd)  tweed  Teatinga. 

Specimea  of  wool  ajid  fam,  showing  the  different  stages 
of  nLonufacture. 

196  SanPERSOH,  R.  ft  a.,  &  Co.,  GaUahitb,  Scotlmd— 
Manufacturers. 
Scotch  woollen  clan  and  fancy  plaids.      Oeutlemen'l 


197   FlF^  AlXXAND 


;b,  &  Co.,  77  Q'leen  Stnet,  Qlaagoui 

.Uunu&cturera. 

sw  dresa  fabrics.     One  dozen  fancy 

^en  union  shawls. 


98  Baisb*,  Knoj,  &  Co.,  8  St.  Viiufoi  Place,  QtaaQoa— 

Manu&cturera. 
Shawl  dreesee  for  robes  de  cbombre,  wool  and  cottcn, 
ach  4^  yards  long,  and  41  inches  broad. 


199     Laird  ft  Tbunson,  Bigravi  Slreel,  Qlatgoia— 
Hanufactiu^rs. 
Set  of  clan  patterns  in  gala  ctoth. 


200  WiNOATE,  Son.  &  Co.,  (?/<U|7oiff— Manufaeturera. 
Harness  woven  long  and  square  shawls;  printed  Bariga 

and  cashmere  and  woven  woollen  shawls.  Woollen  goods 
in  Ihe  piece. 

201  Campbell,  J.  ft  W.,  &  Co.,  M  CindUrijgi  Street, 

Glavioa — Proprietors. 

Scotch  printed  goods ;  texture  all  wool;  Tit: — bartge 
handkerchiefs,  British  manufacture;  cashmere  handker- 
chiefs, French  muiufacturei  square  shawls,  British  and 
French  manufacture. 

Orenadins  silk  shawls,  British  mouuf.ictuie. 

Fine  and  super  caiiiimere  d'ecosss  long  shawls,  texture 
all  wool,  and  Freuoh  manubcture. 

Qrenadiiie,  fine  and  super  barigo  long  ahawls,  ground 
British  Bkanufaeture. 


\.  Ilu]j,trated  CATALocm.] 


496 


Clasbeb  12  8s  16.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Arba8  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  TO  17,  AND  South  Traksbpt  Gallkbt, 


[Ukitsd 


Baz^e  mufflers,  on  French  ground,  Scotch  printed, 
and  on  cotton  and  wool  ground,  British  manufacture. 

Embroidered  square  shawls,  fabric  silk  and  wool, 
French  manufacture  and  Scotch  embroidery. 

Filled  long  shawls,  Scotch  manufacture. 

202  Cross,  William,  62  Queen  Street,  Glasgow,  and 

45  Friday  Street,  London — ^Manufacturer. 
Various  Saxony  wool  shawls;  clan,  shepherdess,  and 
fancy  patterns,  square;  and  long  Byzantine  style,  fancy 
pattern,  pure  cashmere;  and  checked  and  plain  Saxony 
wool  plaid  dresses. 

203  GiLMOUB,  William,  &  Co.,  Ghtsgotc — 

ManufiEkctiu^rs. 
Scotch  woollen  twcod  trouserings  ;    Scotch  woollen 
six-quarter  Saxony  tartans. 

204  Black  &  Winoate,  Ghsjou? — Manufacturers. 

Samples  of  cotton  yam,  spun  by  the  exhibitorB.  Raw 
cotton  cloth,  as  from  power-loom. 

Cheapest  cotton  Scotch  lawn  handkerchiefs;  one  dozen 
fine  cotton  lawn  handkerchiefs.  One  dozen  cheapest 
and  one  dozen  fine  cotton  Scotch  cambric  handkerchiofA. 
One  dozen  cheapest  embroidered  comer  cotton  handker- 
chiefs; four  handkerchief,  fine,  of  the  same  description. 

Two  dozen  Scotch  cambric  handkerchiefis,  fancy  bor- 
ders, &c.  Scotch  cambric  handkerchiefs,  imitation  em- 
broidery, in  the  loom. 

A  piece  of  fine  cotton  Scotch  cambric.  A  piece  of  fine 
I  bishop's  lawn.    A  piece,  fine  )  bishop's  lawn. 

One  dozen  cotton  fancy  shirt  fronts,  all  woven  in  the 
loom.    A  linen  shirt  front,  woven  in  the  loom. 

Three  fancy  linen  handkerchiefs.  Ti^'o  dozen  fancy 
printed  cotton  handkerchiefs.  Six  fimcy  printed  linen 
handkerc^efis. 

A  lady's  printed  cotton  bonnet. 

205  Leadbetter,  J.,  &  Co.,  Giasgov — Manufacturers. 
Pieces  of  fancy  linen,  entire;  mixed  and  union.    Linen 

"  listadoe."    Fancy  linen  drills. 

206  Baumann  &  WusscH,  Glasgou: — Agents  for 

Manufacturers  and  Exporters. 
Printed  shawls  of  wool,  worsted,  and  cotton,  of  various 
styles,  dimensions,  and  qualities;  printed  cotton  shawls 
and  handkerchiefs  in  same  variety.     Linens,  in  various 
stages  of  manufactui*e.     Mixed  fabrics. 

207  Helme,  W.,  New  MUls,  Stroud — ^Manufacturer. 
Cassimere  waistcoats,  of  various  colours  and  texture. 

Single-milled  and  half-milled  doeskin.  Cashmercttc,  silk 
warp,  woollen  wefts.  Cossimeres.  Sardiuians  for  wust- 
coats.  

208  Grist,  M.,  Cnpels  Mills,  Stroud — ^Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  mattress-wools,  woollen  millpufis,  and 

flocks,  used  for  filling  beds  and  stuffing  mattresses,  sofa 
cushions,  couches,  &o.  Manufactured  by  impro\'ed  ma- 
chinery, and  piuified  dming  the  process. 

209  Marling,  S.  S.,  &  Co.,  Ebley  Mills,  Stroud— 

Manufacturers. 
Superfine  broad  cloth,  single-milled,  wool-dyed,  woaded 
black,  &c. ;  superfine  doeskin,  treble,  double,  single,  and 
half-milled;  superfine  cassimere,  single-milled. 

210  Hooper,  C,  &  Co.,  Kiistington  Mills,  Stroud — 

Bfanufiicturers. 

Cloths,  wool-dyed,  woaded,  piece-dyed,  &c.,  viz.,  broad, 
block,  blue,  medley,  scarlet,  waterproof,  fancy  coloured, 
&c. 

Single-milled  cassimere,  black  and  scarlet. 

Patent  elastic  trousering,  and  gloving  cloth. 

21 1  Playne,  p.  p.  &  C,  JViii/wcwM— Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  single-milled,  woaded,  wool-dved,  black 

cloth;  superfine,  w(Mdod,  wool-dyed,  ladies'  black  cloth: 


and  woaded,  wool-dyed,  black  medium  cloth.  CSbm  am- 
taining  specimens,  illustratiTe  of  the  piooeas  of  mam- 
fjooturing  woollen  cloth. 

212  Partridge,  N.,  Bovdbndge,  jStroud— Designer. 

Double-colour  woollen  cloth,  for  officen'  doekiy 
dividing  saloons  in  the  East,  curtains,  &c.  Army  doth, 
improved  red.       

213  Palling,  William,  Lower  Milh,  Pcamwidt — 

Manufacturer. 

Piece  of  double-milled  scarlet  hunter,  ^J^  54  inohes 
wide. 

Piece  of  double-milled  cloth,  dyed,  54  inches  wide. 

Piece  of  double-milled  white,  imdyed,  for  troueers  and 
waistcoats. 

Piece  of  fine  single-milled  scarlet,  63  inches  wide. 

Piece  of  billiard  cloth,  72  inches  wide. 

Billiard  cloth,  green,  piece  dyed. 

214  Daties,  R.  S.,  &  Sons,  Ston^kmse  Mills,  Strmtd— 

Manufacturers. 
Nash  scarlet  cloth,  for  ofllcers'  fiill  uniform;  sheQ 
cloth  for  imdress  jackets.  White  cloth  for  uniforms. 
Scarlet  cloth,  for  foreign  uniforms.  Woaded  wool-dyed 
black  cloth;  single-milled  cassimere;  double-milled  sad 
single-milled  doeskin. 

215  Sampson,  Thomas,  LightpUl  MUls,  £SCrMitf— InTentor. 

Machine  for  twisting  the  fringe  of  wool  shawls. 
West  of  England  wool  shawls.     Twilled  bla^  flannel. 
Scarlet  flannel.      

210  Overburt,  Josiah,  Nind  and  Monk  MiOs^  near  WoUm- 
nnder-Kilfje,  Gloucestershire — ManuftKiturer. 
Superfine  Saxony  woollen  cloths,  wool-dyed,  woaded, 
black,  rifle,  and  medley,  and  blue-indigo,  dyed. 

217  Philups,  Smith,  Bt  Phiixits,  MeUakeun — 

Manufacturers. 
Sample  pieces  of  fine  Saxony  broad  cloth,  ooosLsting  of 
woaded  olive  (of  diflerent  shades),  woaded  rifle,  and  wool- 
dyed  black. 

218  Edmonds  &  Edmonds,  Bradford,  WUIb — 

Manufoctiu^rs. 

Piece  of  superfine  woollen  wool-dyed  black  doth,  made 
on  a  patent  principle. 

Piece  of  superfine  blue  cloth,  made  on  the  same  prin- 
ciple. 

Piece  of  superfine  woollen  cloth,  waterproofed. 


219  Barnes,  Elizabeth,  .^5  Queen  Street,  Oxford^ 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Counterpane,  composed  of  9,851   pieces,   of  hexagon 
shape,  and  about  the  size  of  a  shilling,  with  a  border  of 
amber-coloured  satin,  quilted,  of  same  size  and  sh^w, 
and  a  quilted  lining;  the  whole  the  woi^  of  an  invalid. 

220  Peters,  Daniel,  44  College  Green,  Britici— 

Manufacturer. 

Black  single-milled  kerseymere. 


221  Chick,  Robert,  Knapp  Mills,  near  Chard,  Somcreet — 

ManufjEu:turer. 
Samples  of  drab  cloth,  made  of  Elnglish  wool  by  power- 
loom.  

222  Phillips,  John,  Kiutpp  Mills,  near  Chard,  Somerset — 

Manufacturer! 

Striped  linscy  wolscy,  blue  and  white,  made  ttovi  flax 
and  wool.  Plain  blue  unsey,  and  white  linsey,  made  from 
flax  and  wool. 

These  articles  were  formerly  much  need  by  the 
middle  and  lower  classes  for  aprons  and  petticoats;  they 
are  again  coming  into  general  use,  especially  for  UnioD 
houses,  clothing  clubs,  and  charitable  institutions.  They 
are  durable  and  cIoac  in  texture. 


Kdtodom.] 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abeas  L.  M.  N,  0. 10  TO  17,  AND  South  Transept  Gallebt. 


497 


223  BiBD^  R.,  Crewieme — ^Manufacturer. 

Linen,  worsted,  white  and  coloured  linen  and  worsted, 
web«  for  girths,  braces,  &c. 

224  STAmoM  &  Son,  Lamft  MiU,  FordmgUm,  near 

Dorchetter — ^lianufM^urers. 
Drab  milled  waterproofed  cloths,  made  from  English 
wool;  used  fordriying  capes,  coachmen's  great-coats,  box- 
coats,  livery  co«ts,  gaiters,  &c. 

225  Amor,  Gbobok,  St.  Stephens  Street,  NorxoicK — 

Manufacturer. 
Bhstic  cloths  for  trousers,  gloves,  &o. 

226  Auxx  &  Banks*  21  London  Street,  Norwich- 

Proprietors. 
East  Anglian  woollen  cloths  for  gentlemen's  wearing 
anMtfel,  mannfiirtured  from  wool  grown  in  the  county  of 
Norfolk.  

227  Gaktix  &  Deas,  Perth — Manufacturers. 
Linsey-woolsey,  for  ladies'  dresses.   Hand-knitted  hose. 

Hand-loom  grsas-bleached  cotton  shirting,  &c.     Cotton 
and  linen  bed-tick. 


228      Cboxbie,  James,  &  Ck>.,  Cothal  MUh,  Aberdeen— 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch  tweeds,  of  Tarious  qualities. 


229  Thomson,  W.,  Stonehaven,  fib>f/amf— Manufacturer. 

Piece  of  cloth,  being  a  spedmen  of  a  method  of  work- 
ing up  engine  waste,  into  floor-cloth  or  carpeting. 

The  specimen  claims  notice  only  as  exhibiting  an  easy 
and  inexpeoaiTe  method  of  working  up  the  coarsest  engine 
waste  into  an  article  of  general  utility.  The  warp  is  linen 
or  tow  yam  twisted,  nine  pounds  per  spindle.  The  weft 
is  made  of  the  least  valuable  portion  of  the  waste  that 
hDM  from  the  wool-carding  engines;  slubbed  or  spun 
thirty-six  to  forty  pounds  per  spindle.  The  warp  is  set 
rmrj  thin,  nine  unpads  to  the  inch,  woven  plain.  The 
pattern  i^  produced  by  doubling  and  dipping  one  end  of 
the  liAiik  <»f  weft  into  the  dye  vat,  and  in  weavinf^  it  falls 
int'>  the  pattern  exhibited.  The  cloth  is  durable,  from 
t*.-  waq>  tlireads  being  covered  and  protected  on  b(jth 
*i«iei4  by  the  weft. 

2.;«»     BRrsTON,  Wm.  J.,  &  Co.,  St.  LcmfinVs  F.icionj, 
Liiin^finfh —  Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

A  r.irifty  of  fine  wool  Kcarf  shawla,  vtunously  named. 

Su|.<?rior  jrentlemen's  plaidj* — the  Duurobin. 

S|*<cinien  (»f  German  lambs'  wool  and  yam,  of  which 
tL».'  .-huwb*  are  made. 


2-»l   Bowman.  Jaxes,  &  Son,  LamjkAm — Manufacturers. 

Hhrphenl  check  tweeds,  of  Scotch  and  Australian 
w*iol. 

Kuicy  nhepherd  tweeil,  and  fine  shepherd  check  of 
A'i-tnlliai  wcMil. 

SL»'{'hiTil  chuck  union,  and  shepherd  union  of  cotton 

*itrutJfmen*j«  shepherd  plaid  of  German  wool. 


2  '»2  Btees.  Andrew,  &  So.v,  hmfholm — Manufacturers. 

hj^<'iui«.-n  of  uniim  Hhepber<rrf  twee<l,  cotton  twist  warp 
&i*-l  ^acvii.t  w<>»l  weft,  for  trouserings,  and  of  <>-♦)  sliej)- 
hrrd*  twoed,  made  of  strong  Cheviot  wool.  (inuiite 
t»i?.>i,  elastic,  <)f  foreign  wool,  double  twist.  Shepherd's 
tw*«c«i.  eloi^tic.  double  twist,  of  forei^  wool.  .">U-inch 
:  :.-  y.  tu^le  of  cott(»n  twint  and  wo«dlen  weft.  <)-«i  shoji- 
Imti-i  «  ftcarf,  for  plaid,  made  from  fine  foreigu  wool, 
»i-'i'-lo  J  Am.  Kailway  plaiil,  or  wnipper.  iiimle  from 
d  •^'  \<  t^*i<•t  yam,  foreign  wool.  4-4  shepherd's  tweed, 
el*^*.«c,  dou)d»;  twist,  from  foroij^  w»)ol. 

2.i-J     RfurwicE,  Thoma-s  &  Alkxandkb,  LaHjholm — 

Manufiicturers. 
.^«ecim«ns  of  Unsey-woUey  weft,  Kflkilale  shepherd  plaid, 
abri  sk^itcli  ho*idry  yam;  Scotch  twoe<l  ;uid  marble  yum 
*.f  Aurtrdian  w.»<d. 


234  DiCKflONS  &  Laings,  Hawick  and  Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Scotch  lambs* -wool  hosiery,  &c.,  of  various  descriptions, 
patterns,  and  qualities,  including  men's  hose  and  half- 
hose.  Highland  clan  tartans,  women's  hose,  men's  shirts, 
gauze  shirts,  long  drawers,  ladies'  vests  and  dresses,  &c. 

Clan  tartan ;  shepherdess  tartan,  and  fancy  tartan  wool 
plaids.  Cheviot,  Australian,  and  Saxony  wool  trouser- 
ings.  

235  Smith,  J.  &  Sons,  Saddleworth,  near  Manchester. 

Agents,  NiELD  and  Collandeb,  London. 
Fine  and  superfine  and  silk  warp  and  stout  flannels; 
fine  and  superfine  and  silk  warp. 
Shawls  and  scarfs  for  printing. 

236  Haigh,  Thomas,  &  Sons,  9  New  Brown  Street, 

Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Black  broad  cloth.     The  same,  wool  and  cotton. 


237  Bamfobd,  John,  Rochdale,  Lancashire — 

Manufacturer. 
Fine  gauze  flannel,  manufactured  from  sheep's  wool. 


238        Lewis,  Wiujam,  LlandHofawn,  Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Welsh  woollen  cloth. 


239  Pearson,  J.,  Carlisle — Manufacturer. 
Woollen  and  cotton  trouserings. 

240  Dalbtmpl£,  William,  Union  Mills,  Douglas,  Isle 

of  Man — Manufacturer. 
Shepherd  plaid,   cloth  made  from  Australian  wool. 
Striped  and  Tweed  cloth  and  shepherd  plaid,  made  from 
the  wool  of  the  island,  and  manufactured  by  the  natives. 

241  Whttmore  8c  Co.,  Leicester — Manufactiu^rs. 
Worsted  yams  for  hosiery,  fleecy,  and  for  embroidery 

and  soft  knitting. 

242  Bbewin  &  WuKTSTONE,  Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Worsted  and  merino  yams. 


243     Burgess,  Alfred,  &  Co.,  Leicester — Spinnei-s. 

Berlin  wool  embroidery  yams,  spun  by  the  exhibitoi's, 
from  Gemian  and  colonial  wools. 

Soft  and  hard  knitting  yarns. 

Shetland,  embroidery,  weft,  hosiery,  alpaca,  mohair, 
and  other  yams,  single  imd  doubled. 

Specimens  of  the  difforeut  wools  used  in  the  manufac- 
ture of  these  yams,  and  in  the  various  stages  of  prejjttra- 
tion,  until  finished  into  yjuiis. 


244  PopPLETON,  li.,  M\'st<jiitej  Wakefield — Manufacturer. 
Manufactured  knitting  worsteds  and  yai-na. 


245    Wilson,  John  J.  &  W.,  Kendal — Manufacturers. 

Railway  wrapi>er8  plain,  and  with  varied  design  and 
colour  on  both  sides.  Stout  horse-clotliing;  also,  fine 
and  light  clothing,  for  race-hoi*se«. 

24()        Gandv,  Geuaud,  Knulil — Mtmufacturer. 

Brace,  giith,  and  roller  webs,  in  woi-sted  and  woollen; 
and  manufrxturcd  entirely  with  woi-sted. 

Hoi*se  sheetings,  railway  blankets,  blue  and  white 
seyefl,  broiwl  and  narrow  collarn -checks,  with  other  woollen 
articlert  for  the  use  of  saxldlei-s. 


247    Ireijinp,  John,  &  Co.,  Krwl'.l — M:uuif;uturerH. 

Bail  way  travelling  rugs  of  various  (qualities,  and  hospital 
bed-rugM.  Horsf?  blankets  of  various  qualitioH.  Alj»aca 
cloth  for  ponchos,  coatings,  &o.  Sjiddlecloths,  for  foreign 
markets.  Prince's  check  and  kersey,  for  horse  clothing. 
Serge  and  collar  check,  for  siwldlory  purposes.  Siixony 
lining.     Tilting,  for  horse  clothing,  &c. 

Checked  flannel,  for  Hhii-ting. 

2  R  2 


498 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Aheas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  to  17,  and  South  Transept  Gaixeby. 


[Ukited 


Pluding,  for  sailors'  shirtR. 
Lisbum  check,  for  horse  clothing. 
Linsey  and  drugget,  for  women's  clothing. 
Qentlemen's  scarfs  (shepherds'  plaid  pattern). 

248      Mansell,  David,  Brecon — Manufacturer. 
A  variety  of  woollen  goods. 

240  Martin,  J.,  CockermatUh — Inventor. 

Ventilating  waterproof  cloth  and  paper. 

Improved  mode  of  making  all  kinds  of  cloth  and 
paper,  including  silk,  net,  lace,  &c.,  complete  repellants 
of  moisture. 

The  paper  is  manufactured  by  I.  Cropper,  Esq.,  Bume- 
side,  near  Kendal. 

250  Salter,  Samuel,  &  CJo.,  Trowhridje,  WUts— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  fine  woollen  trouserings,  comprising  fan<^ 
plaids,   ribbed  checks,    doeskin,  black  cross   rib,  black 
elastic,  black  deerskin,  black  fancy  elastic,  military  mix- 
ture, and  elastic  Angola. 

251  Hughes,  Robert,  Tregarth,  Bangor,  Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
Gown  pieces  of  Welsh  linsey,  and  apron  of  the  same, 
woven    in  a  loom,    invented  and  constructed   by  the 
exhibitor.  

252  Wilson,  W.,  &  Sons,  Hamck — Manufacturers. 
Scotch  mauds,  and  travelling  wrappers. 

253  Mills,  Elizabeth,  DoljeUy — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Linsey  dresses,  mixed  with  silk.     Linsey  aprons. 
Waistcoat-pieces,  made  of  Welsh  wool. 
Welsh  cloth,  for  gentlemen's  shooting-clothes.    Cricket 
cloth.     Merionethshire  web. 


254  Lloyd,  Wm.,  &  Co.,  Newtown^  Montgomery,  Wales— 

Manufacturers. 
Various  specimens  of  Welsh  flannel,  all  manufactured 
from  sheep's  wool. 

255  PiM  Brothers  &  Co.,  Ditblin — Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  plain  Irish  poplin,  double  tabinet,  corded, 
tartan,  and  figured  poplins,  registered  designs;  brocaded 
poplin.  

256  Atkinson,  Richard,  &  Co.,  31  College  Qreen,  Dublin 

— Proprietors. 

Brocaded  and  gold-barred  Irish  poplin,  with  rose, 
thistle,  and  shamrock  coloured  to  nature. 

Oold  tissue  Irish  poplins,  patteim,  Prince  of  Wales's 
plume.  Irish  poplins,  brocaded,  ribbed,  and  double; 
double  watered,  demi-ribbed,  and  plain;  and  shaded, 
plaided,  and  figured. 

Brocaded  and  tissued  Irish  poplin  scarfs;  Irish  popliu 
waistcoatings  tissued  with  gold ;  and  brocadetl  and  figured. 

Striped  furniture  and  figured  tabourets.  Specimens  of 
all  kinds  and  qualities  of  Irish  poplins. 


257  Willans  Brothers  &  Co.,  Island  Bridge  Mills,  neir 

Dublin — Manufacturers. 
Albert  and  bro^^n  mixture,  super  frieze. 
Cambridge  mixture,  tweeds  for  sliepherd's  plaids. 
Officers',  Serjeants',  and  privates'  military  tartan. 
Woollen  shawl  yam. 

258  Dillon,  Luke,  7  Parlia%ncnt  Street,  Dublin — ^Designer. 

Pieces  of  friezes  and  "rumswizzles,"  of  different  colours 
and  substances;  comprising  light  angola,  medium  and 
heavy  materials  for  clothing  purposes. 

The  rumswizzle  is  made  rrom  undyed  foreign  wool, 
preserving  its  natural  property  of  resisting  wet,  and 
p->Rfio88ing  the  qualities  of  common  cloth. 


259  Allen,  Richard,  28  Lowr  SackvilU  Street,  Dublin — 

Proprietor. 

Irish-made  heather  tweeds,  of  various  shades. 

Irish  frieze,  natural  colour,  undyed. 

Superfine  and  napped  frieze. 

Sheep's  grey  frieze,  county  Meath  colour. 

Dark  grey  nieze,  Connaught  colour. 

Black  cassimere  embroidered  vests. 

This  portion  of  Irish  manufacture,  is,  probably,  one  of 
the  most  interesting  in  Ireland.  The  designs  are  by 
James  Healy,  a  pupil  of  the  Dublin  School  of  DesigB* 
They  are  worked  by  Miss  Hamilton  and  others. 

Irish  lawn  embroidered  vest  pieces.  Linens,  various 
qualities. 

Irish  linen  shirt  fronts  and  Irish  linen  shirts;  exhi- 
bited for  quality  and  work.  Frieze  wrapper,  for  gentle- 
men, linea  with  Irish  tabinet. 

Irish  sheep's  grey  and  undyed  wool  firieze  pea  coats. 
Four-in-hand  frieze  wrapper.  Black  tweed  morning  coat. 
Heather-tweed  shooting  coat.  Tweed  youth's  morning 
coat.  Frieze  youth's  polka  jacket.  Frieze  Connaught 
man's  coat. 

The  preceding  are  exhibited  for  manufacture,  work* 
manship,  and  costume. 

Fancy  tabinet  vests. 

Frieze  embroidered  vests  of  black  doth.  Lawn  em- 
broidered  vests.     Linen  coats. 

Samples  of  figured  and  double-watered  tabinets,  ma- 
nufactured by  Edward  Jones,  of  3  Si.  Andrew  Street^ 
Dublin.  

260  Macdona,  G.,  32  Molesujorth  Street,  Dublin— 

Manufacturer. 
Piece  of  frieze,  designated  the  "  Albert  friese.*' 
Pieces  of  heather  and  black  tweeds. 
Patent  drawers,  with  bands  attached. 
Black  embroidered  tabinet  vesting,  embroidered  gold. 
Black  embroidered  cloth  vesting,  embroidered  gold. 


2G1  NiooLLS,  Alexander,  Cork,  Ireland — ^Manu&ciurer. 
Blankets,  flannels,  swanskins,  and  friezes. 


262  MuRPHT,  Margaret,  Ballysmuiton,  Blesinion,  Ireland 

— Manufincturer. 
Home-made  frieze,  from  wool  grown  and  spun  by  the 
exhibitor. 

263  Neill,  Catherine,  &  Sons,  TaUaght,  Dublin— 

Manufacturers. 
Brown  mixed,  and  sheep's  grey  frieze. 
Blankets. 


264       Daly,  John,  Tipperan/,  Cashel,  Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  plain  friezes,  of  various  colours,  chiefly 
used  for  men's  clothing,  and  horse-sheeting.     Manufac- 
tured  at  Rossmore  mills. 


265  Jones,  E.,  Dublin — Manufacturer. 
Si>ecimens  of  tabinets  and  poplins. 

266  Reynolds,  William,  81  Grafton  Street,  Dublin — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Imperial  blue  and  gold,  and  white  and  gold  tissue 
poplin. 

White  and  gold,  marone,  light  blue  and  silver  corded^ 
white  and  gold  shamrock  figured  poplin. 

Imperial  blue  and  amber  (''oncidium  Devomanum**), 
crimson  and  fawn  colour  furniture  poplin. 

Imperial  blue  and  white  stri{)ed,  pink  and  white,  sage 
and  violet,  cerulean  blue  and  white,  cerulean  blue  and 
cerise,  peach-blossom,  jonquil,  lavender,  amaranthe,  roee 
de  Chine,  white,  apricot,  and  Imperial  blue  double* 
watered  fiimiture  poplin. 

Scarlet,  "  juif  errant"  green,  and  emerald  unwatered 
fumitture  poplin. 

Rose  de  Chine  and  white  corded  fumitiure  poplin. 

Jonquil,  apricot,  and  cerulean  blue  semidouble  corded 
poplin. 


Kingdom.] 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  to  17,  and  South  Transept  Gallery. 


499 


SUrer  grey,  white,  blue,  and  cerise,  tri-couleur  sham- 
rock-figured p<^liii. 

Imperial  blue,  fawn  and  scarlet,  fawn  and  violet  satin 
plaided  poplin. 

Green  and  white,  solitaire  and  white,  and  pearl  and 
oerise  plaided  poplin. 

Ro jal  Victoria,  Boyal  Albert,  Royal  Stuart,  and  Gordon 
tartan  poplin. 

Imperial  blue  and  white  checked  poplin. 

Orej  shaded  and  stone-colour  semidouble  poplin. 

Cerulean  blue,  oouleur  de  rose,  and  vers  d'lUy  plain 
poplin. 

Crimoon  and  amber   furniture    poplin    (Shrewsbury 

0. 


267     Fbt,  Wiluax,  &  Co.,  Dttbtin — Manufacturers. 

Mizad  fSikbrics;  plain  and  shaded,  figured,  watered, 
plaid  tartan,  and  brooaded  poplins. 

Curtains,  figured,  striped,  and  velvet  tabarets. 

Miacellaiieous  manufiictures  and  small  wares.  Patterns 
of 


268  KiKf.T,  J.,  &  Co.,  Witney — Manufacturers. 
A  variety  of  Witney  blankets. 

269  Eaklt,  Edward,  Witney — Manufeusturer. 

Witney  blankets,  made  from  different  descriptions  of 
Kngltsh  wools. 

Blankets  made  from  merinos;  from  half-bred  merinos; 
from  pure  South-downs;  from  half-bred  Downs;  from 
Ozfordahire  long  wool ;  fmm.  Cotswold  wool ;  and  from  a 
mixture  of  the  previous  lots,  and  some  Welsh  lambs' 
wool. 

Various  crib  blankets,  girth  and  roller  webs,  &c. 

270  Blim,  Wiluax,  Chipping  Norton,  Oxfordshire — 

Manufacturer. 

Kersey  eheck  for  winter  horse-clothing;  in  new  and 
fiuiey  patterns,  with  a  specimen  suit  of  horse-clothing, 
ornamentally  bordered. 

Registerea  double  kersey  check  for  improved  venti- 
lating horse-elothing,  combining  the  advantages  of  a 
#uit  of  hor«e  clothing  and  a  blanket;  various  patterns, 
with  specimen  fluita  made  up  in  a  new  metliod. 

S'i}«erfine  kersey  eheck  for  clothing  race-horses;  various 
rrttteras,  with  a  ppecimen  suit,  and  a  suit  of  blanket 
cp»thins?  for  training  race-horses. 

I'rinct;'-*  check  for  Huminer  horse -clothing,  in  new 
j<tt%-mfl.  with  a  i«uit  of  clotliing. 

Roller  Webbing  for  hor.so-clothing.  Girth,  belt,  and 
l.pAi.e  wel»>»ing,     Itiilway  aprons. 

A][*.%  Vicuna  heaver  cloth,  fine,  for  lathes'  cloaks;  and 
f>^l«>'it.  f  »r  irentleniou'H  great-coatd. 

Tw't.ii..*  fi»r  gentleinen*H  trousers. 

Tr»e  n^^i-^tcretl  Alptt  Vicuna  Royal  shawl;  specimens 
in  Li»*w  {«ittt.'m5  juid  coloiu's. 

.\n^'il;i  Koyal  Hhawbi,  in  various  patterns  and  colours. 
EW-aviT  *L\wI.«». 

Rt^.hjter»"d  wintt^r  coverlets  for  beck. 

i'  t  coverlet,  woven  in  imitation  of  the  Indian  tambour 
an  1  ^*i«ket-w.>rk,  juid  ornamented  with  needle- work. 

Iui{>erial  "puj«"  bogging,  shown  in  various  subst^mccs 
m^i  w~i«lth8. 

White  *'puart"  cloth.  Venetian  conl,  in  a  variety  of 
C'-'l  •or*. 

271  WnEtXER,  William  Sidney,  4  Lmlj<(tc  Sir^rt, 

— Manufjicturer. 
.SATijjilta*  of  {latent  fur  beavers;  patent  dre«3  iK'avers,' 
f«i:<iit  m«'h.ur  cloths;  fancy  doeskinH,  and  woollen  an«l 
«ilk  vi<9ittii/i*. 

TLir  novt'lty  of  the  alwre  ]>atent  mohair  cloth  and 
jrtT/^t  beavers  irf  in  their  being  manufacture<l  on  a  jirin- 
npfe  tntircJy  different  from  that  of  other  clotlis,  and  from 
th"  peculiarity  of  the  construction  in  the  weaving,  pos- 
'  Jig  grtat  advaiiLiges  in  warmth  and  wear. 


272  Fox,  John  J.,  &  Co.,  Ihrizes — Maimfacturei-s. 

DnJ>  milled  br«*ad-cloth,  wateqiroof,  made  of  South- 
^.fwn  ^ij>At  grown  in  Wiltdhirc. 


Narrow  cloth  for  trousers,  made  of  the  same  wool, 
with  samples  of  the  raw  material,  in  various  stages  of 
manufiEtcture. 

273  Cabr,  T.  &  W.,  Ttrerton  Mills,  5a^A— Manufacturers. 
Super-electoral  blue  cloth  (indigo-dyed),  and  fast  black 

cloth,  from  Cerman  wool.  Bath  fur  beaver,  and  dressec^ 
fur — fine  Australian  wool.  Extra-milled  black  beaver, 
and  black  Venetian,  or  summer  cloth — German  wool. 

274  Johnston,  J.,  Xewmill,  Eljin,  Scotland — Manufactmrer, 
Mauds,  or  plaids,  made  of  uudyed  or  natural  brown 

wool,  of  different  kinds  and  countries,  viz.,  Cheviot, 
Southdown,  Australian,  Peruvian,  Alpaca,  Vicuna,  &c. 
They  are  used  as  a  wrapper  for  the  shoulders  in  walldug, 
or  for  the  knees  in  driving. 

Ends,  twenty  yards  each,  natural  brown  twoed,  of 
different  wools,  waterproofed.  These  cloths  are  exhibited 
for  cheapness  and  durability. 

Nos.  275  to  313  in  South  Transept  Gallery. 

Shawls  in  the  South-west  Gallery  of  the  Transept. 

275  Kerb  k  Scott,  31  <md  32  St,  PauTs  Churchyard— 

Warehousemen. 
Various  long  and  square  grenadines,  all  silk;  and 
Bar^e,  silk  and  wool.  Square  satin  figured;  and  scarf, 
embroidered  with  gold  and  silk.  Square  chenilles.  Long 
and  square  Bar^e  harness,  wove  and  printed;  long 
grenadines;  square  Albanian;  long  soft  silk;  and  Barege, 
with  silk  stripes.  Square  crapes,  printed  in  imitation  of 
real  China.  Long  and  square  wool  shawls,  clan  and  fancy 
patterns;  combination  of  colouring.  Cloakings,  clan 
patterns.  Harness  and  jacquard-wove  shawls.  Long 
and  square  mosaic  compartment,  green,  white,  and  scarlet 
cashmere.  Long  floral  cashmeres,  and  soft  silks.  Squares 
soft  silk,  single  and  double  wove.  Long  India  coloured 
and  square  compartment  cashmeres.  Manufactured  by 
R.  Kerr,  Paisley. 

27G  Lewis  &ALLEXBY,  193,  195,  &  197  Regent  Street— 

Proprietors. 
Barege  shawls  of  British  printing  (regirfteredj.  The 
design,  by  C.  J.  Lewis,  so  an-anged  as  to  admit  of  various 
combinations  of  the  blocks  without  destroying  in  any 
part  the  continuity  and  completeness  of  the  j)attem,  with 
either  plain  or  filled  centre. 


277  Wedber,  John,  &  Haiiis,  Oeoiige,  31  Milk  St.  City 

— Producers. 
Printed  Barege  long  and  K<]uare  shawls;  Cashmere  an<l 
Grenadine.    Piiuted  haudkerchiefo,  various  ;  and  Foulaixl 
dresft'cs. 

278  Jameson  k  Banks,  Jloncy  Lane  Market,  ChC'ipsile — 

Manufacturers. 
Barege  long  shawls,  printed,    wool  textm-o;  silk  and 
mixed  texture. 

liart?ge  square  shawls,  of  the  same  description. 
Cachemire  d'Ecosse,  printed,  wool  textui-e. 
Crape  s4UiU*e  shawls,  printed,  silk  texture. 

279  Keith,  Shoodiiiik;e,  &  Co.,  l'2\^  Wood  Street — 

Piodncers  and  Propriotors. 
Shawls:    i»rinted    Barege   long  and  square;  grenadine 
silk;  Cachmere;  mufiicrs;  and  siitiu  long  and  squiu-e. 

280  H()L5IKS  &  Co.,  117  L'r.jrnt  >7/a^— Designei-s 

and  Manufacturers. 
Circular  shawl,  new  in  form  au<l  design.     lleg".>.tcrcd 
by  the  exliibitors. 

281  Stande-S  &  Co.,  1 1*2  Jenty/n  .^treet,  .S7.  Jnhus's — 

Importers. 
"NMiite  Shethmd  knitted  shawl.     Bridal  veil.     Pair  of 
white  stockings.     Brown,  grey,  and  white  gloves-  iiatund 
colours.      The  Shethmd  wool  of  which  these  specimens 
com«ijit  is  haudspuu. 


500 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abeas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  TO  17,  AND  South  Transept  Gallery. 


[United 


282  Littlbb,  Mart  Ann,  Merton  Abbey,  Surreif — 

Producer. 
Bar^  shawls,  of  British  manufacture. 
Twilled  bandfumas,  of  British  manufacture. 
Specimens  of  wax  and  chintz  printing;  exhibited  for 
novelty  of  design  and  colour,  madder  red. 

283  SwAiSLAND,  Charus,  Cray  ford,  Kent — ^Manufacturer. 
Printed  Bar^  shawls. 

Printed  Chinese  velvet  for  furnitures  (or  application 
plush). 
Printed  flannels  for  dresses. 


284  Clabburn  &  Son,  Norwich — ^Manu^Mturors. 

Registered  figured  Cashmere  shawls. 
Spun-silk,  fancy  check,  and  Albanian  silk  shawls. 
Registered  Jacquard  figured  poplins,  and  Chin^  poplins. 
Jacquard  figured  and  plain  dresses,  mixed  fjEkbrics. 

285  Blakelt,  Edward  THix>BALD,  liker  House  Factory, 

Duk^s  Palace,  Norwich — Manufacturer. 

Norwich  Cashmere  green  scarf  shawl,  gold  introduced. 

Shawls  of  Cashmere  wool,  pine  and  flower  pattern;  and 
pine  and  flower  pattern,  gold  introduced :  the  eflect  pro- 
duced is  by  eighty-eight  shoots  on  the  inch:  design  by 
John  Funnell. 

Anglo-Indian  scarfs,  shawls,  dresses,  brocade,  &c. 

286  TowLBR,  Cahpin,  &  Co.,  Eim  JTUi,  Norwich,  and  46 

Friday  Street,  London — ^Manufacturers. 

Fillover  soaifs:  silk  ground,  the  pattern  extending 
four  yards  in  length  and  two  in  width.  Silk  ground 
of  new  designs,  and  mixed  material;  the  same,  white  silk 
scarf  and  shawl,  printed. 

White  silk-net  shawl,  printed.  Black  silk-net  shawl, 
printed. 

Ladies'  paletots,  woven  to  fit  the  shape,  on  silk  ground, 
and  of  mixed  materials,  with  and  without  ornamented 
villover  work. 

Black  silk  net  scarf,  printed. 

287  Whitehtll,  M.,  &  Co.,  Paisley — Manufacturers. 
Worsted  and  cotton  scarfia,  with  tamboured  ends;  and 

shawls  and  handkerchiefiB,  embroidered;  the  same  in 
wool. 

Quilting,  cloth,  and  wool  embroidered  vests. 

Embroidered  satin  aprons  and  babies'  robes. 

Tamboiired  and  embroidered  dresses.  Zephyr  shawls. 
Silk  dresses. 

Plain  black  scarf  and  shawl.  Cashmere  and  Barege 
scarfs  and  shawls.  Velvet  vests.  Table-covers.  Cloakings. 

288  Holms  Brothers,  7  St^  Mirrcn's  Street,  Paisley,  and 

21  Friday  St.,  Chcapside — Manufacturers. 
Fine  wool  long  shawls — ^the  tartans  of  the  clans  of 
Scotland.    Fancy  tartan  and  plain  wool  long  shawls. 
Vicuna  long  shawl.    Wool  tartan  cloaking. 

289  Burgess,  Charles,  Paisley — ^Manufacturer. 
Long  woven  shawls. 

290  Baird,  John,  Paisley — Manufacturer. 
Embroidered  French  merino  ladies'  dresses.    Embroi- 
dered Canton  crape  shawls. 


291    Forbes  &  Hutchison,  Paisley — Manufacturers. 

Paisley  woven,  printed,  tartan  wool,  embroidered,  and 
figure  gauze  shawls.  Printed,  tartan  wool,  and  em- 
broidered handkerchiefis.  Printed  and  tartan  wool  muf- 
flers. Embroidered  vests,  and  robe.  Tartan  and  printed 
dresses. 


292  AbercroMbie  &  Tuill,  Paisley — ^Manufacturers. 
Printed  long  and  square  shawls. 

293  Clare,  John,  jun.,  and  Co.,  Caiucyside,  Paidey — 

Manufacturers. 
Printed  Cashmere  long  and  square  shawls  or  plaids. 


294  Lawson,  John^  &  Co.,  Caledonia  Print  Works,  Paisley 

— ^Printers. 
Bar^  printed  shawls  in  wool,  and  in  silk. 


295  Dick,  Walter,  &  Sons,  Paisley-- 

Printed  Cashmere  shawls. 


296 


Roxburgh,  John  &  Andrew,  Paisley — 
Manufacturers. 
Woven  long  shawls. 


297  Macfarlane,  Son,  &  Co.,  Paisley — Mannfiiciureni. 
Spun  silk  fabrics,  for  ladies'  dresses,  in  clan  tartans  and 

fancy  designs. 

298  Stewart,  Robert,  Paisley — Proprietor  ft  Producer. 
Hutchison,  Thomas,  Paisley — Inventor  and  Patentee. 

Machine  for  inventing  and  displaying  patterns  in  stripes, 
cheques,  and  tartans,  by  means  of  uiding  mirrors  and 
coloured  glass,  suitable  for  manufacturOTS  of  textile 
fabrics,  whether  in  cotton,  woollen,  silk,  or  linen,  or  a 
combination  of  two  or  more  of  these  materials. 

The  advantages  of  this  machine  are — the  Badlity  with 
which  any  pattern,  or  idea  of  a  pattern,  may  be  set  up 
and  displayed — the  variety  of  designs  it  can  produee— 
and  the  ease  and  simplicity  of  accomplishing  them.  It  is 
not  at  all  necessary  to  paint  the  pattern  on  paper,  after 
viewing  it  through  the  mirrors,  as  the  scales  attached 
show  at  once  the  required  number  of  threads  of  each 
colour,  and  how  many  repeats  are  necessary  for  the 
breadth  of  the  web,  and  it  displays  at  once,  not  only  the 
repeat,  but  the  whole  breadth,  and  a  considerable  portion 
of  the  length  of  the  cloth  at  one  view. 

By  this  invention,  the  precise  effect  of  a  pattern  may  be 
produced,  in  the  course  of  a  few  xninutetB,  without  any 
expense,  multiplied  to  any  extent,  and  it  may  be  enlai^ged 
or  diminished  at  pleasure.  The  chief  novelty,  however, 
of  this  machine,  which  is  exhibited  for  its  simpUoity  and 
the  ease  of  its  adaptation,  is,  that  the  precise  effect  of  the 
cloth  in  a  finished  state  is  accurately  represented,  the 
crisp  transparent  effect  of  a  silk  fabric  being  truly  giveOy 
as  well  as  the  soft  and  more  opaque  effect  of  a  woollen 
fabric. 

This  invention  is  new  in  principle,  being  a  novel  i^mli- 
cation  of  coloured  glass  to  useful  and  essentially  practical 
puiposes. 

299  Morgan,  John,  &  Co.,  Paisley,  and  St,  PentTs  Churdk- 

yard,  Londtyn — ^Manufacturers. 
Woven  long  shawls,  of  Cashmere  yam  and  new  designs; 
of  silk  and  wool ;  and  of  mosaic  style^    Woollen  plaids. 
Printed  Bar6ge  long  shawls. 

300  Kerr,  Robert,  Paisley — ManufiKsturer. 

India  long  and  square  shawls.  Printed  and  fiaiiey  wool 
long  and  square  shawls. 

301  Robertson,  J.  &  J.,  3  Fhrbes  Place,  Paisley^ 

Manufacturers. 
Coloured  woven  harness,   wool  plaids   and   shawls  ; 
coloured  printed  plaids  and  shawls,  in  Bar^,  Cashmeres 
d'Ecosso,  and  Cashemere  fabrics. 

302  RowAT,  R.  T.  ft  J.,  Pau/fy— Manufacturers. 
Printed  Barbge  and  Cashmere  long  shawls  {   printed 

wool  square  shawls. 

303  Mason,  W.,  &  Co.,  Honey  Lane,  Cheapside — Producers. 
Drees  fabrics — sprinted  Cashmere  and  Llama  wool  tex- 
ture. 

Printed  chind,  glace,  and  printed  and  embr<»dSrecl 
"jasp^"  cai^miere,  wool  and  cotton  texture. 

304  Weloh,  Maroefson  ft  Co.,  Chcapside — 

Manufacturersi 

Dreasing-go^rn  fabrics; 


Kingdom.] 


CLABias  12  &  16.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Abbas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  to  17,  and  South  Tbakseft  Gallery. 


501 


305  SAU>ifoii%  B.,  ft  SoMB,  42  Old  CAan^^— Proprieton. 

Child's  frock,  embroidered  on  French  cambric. 

A  kdj*!  embroidered  robe. 

LAdiee'  worked  sleeTee;  worked  muslin  chemisettee, 
h«bit  shirts,  collars,  jaconet  collars,  and  trimmings. 

Samples  of  Irish  cambric  handkerchiefs,  embroidered 
in  Ireland;  and  of  French  cambric  handkorchiefs. 

Specimens  of  muslin  trimmings,  flouncings,  and  inaor- 
tions.     Ladies'  embroidered  muslin  dresses,  ftc. 

Samples  of  ladies'  stays,  ftc. 

Selection  of  muslin  and  laoe  articles,  and  of  articles  for 
mourning,  for  ladies*  wear. 

Beleetion  of  patterns  of  new  trimmings,  for  dresses  and 


Mixed  fiabrios  of  silk  and  wool,  &ncy  materiak,  for 
ladie^  drsasea. 

dress  and  mantle,  ftc. 


d06  Poos,  J.  W.,  16SaDdl65i2:09#n<SiBr««<— Produoera. 


307      Savcb,  J.,  &  Go.,  Cona«/^-~Manu£Mituren. 

Mixed  Cibrios.  Ptitent  piuma,  or  six-ounce  coat,  with 
only  one  seam  in  the  body,  of  a  material  known  hitherto 
chiefly  in  India,  and  "  manufactured  by  the  poor  Hindoos." 
Ovltaperoha  cases.  Plain  piuma  cloth,  waterproofed. 
A  new  material,  a  mixture  of  silk  and  vicugna,  extra 


308  CkuMEnOT,  P.  A.,  3  iLimfi  Mead  Cottage,  New  North 
Boad,  lairngtom — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
SpecinMQB  of  woven  fiJuics  in  various  colours,  plain 
aad  igured,  fimshed  by  patent  machinery.     In  dressing 
iiiMiiiwg  the  oolours  of  the  fabrics  are  firmly  fixed, 
rendered  brilliant  by  chemical  agency. 


309  TowuoL,  Campih,  ft  Co.,  £im  Mill,  Xorwick,  end  46 

Friday  Street,  Lcmdom — Mannfacturera. 
KonridiGfaaUL 

Satin  striped  de  laine  for  ladies'  dresses. 
Fwunatta  cloth  for  ladies'  dresses.    Figured  and  plain 
barige  for  dresses.  

310  WiiAET,  Edward,  Nephew,  &  Co.,  Xorwich — 

Miinufivcturers. 

Sampler  of  mixe*!  fabrics  for  ladien*  dres-scrt,  consii'ting 
•  »f  >.l3ck  and  coIouixhI  boiubaziues  aud  jxirauiattiw;  plain 
aijri  fi^irttl  jKiplins,  in  two  colours;  santilhmo,  cliina 
VirrKrade.  aiul  e^<tolla  brocade,  figured  in  two  coloura ; 
«»tin  «»trij>e«l  cliin<<,  threo  colours;  plain  and  figured 
b-ilAn*'.  ill  two  coluufB,  &c. 

Two  patt<TTn  of  a  mixed  fabric,  composed  of  materials 
the  pr'»duce  of  nine  different  countries. 

.'M  1      BoLiXBBoXK,  C.  ft  F.,  XonriV/*— Manufacturers. 
Vl.da  and  watered  j)oplinfl. 

;»12     Mil>DLETO»  ft  AiNSWoRTH,  Xi^nrkh  and  Jxmdon — 

Manufacturers, 
p.plini  conie<l  aud  brocaded,  and  black  paramattiia. 


.'113         HixDE,  E.  ft  F.,  yonrirh — MaDufacturcrs. 
ft*r^src«  and  bn>cailed  j»opling. 


4.12    TlaKXE,  THOMAii,   Strj^h^-n  Stnrt,    Wttcrfonf,   frclawl 

— Manufiicturer. 

A  caiulet  cloak,  wbich  Lsis  been  in  constant  use  for 
Ki  ..-'■  than  twenty  yearx, 

A  j-:^.-»'  «»f  the  flame  mvelle*!,  to  fdiow  the  texture. 

A  "Aiiipb-  of  the  liki?  fabric  luid  comjH)t*ition,  but  of  a 
d.S-ivDt  O'b'ur.  w:iq»  blue,  weft  green. 

S*:iaj.le  of  ulufT,  single  thread-*,  half  cotton  half  worsted, 
ari-iy*^i. 

S  u'up!*'*  "f  white  aenre,  flingle  yjim;  grey  «erge,  double 
ymTZi.  j^Tren  flenre,    Kingle  yani ;  and   blue  Hcrge,    double 

?v  !ipb* ''f  *t.iir  Ci»r]»et,  gn^-n,  taken  (»ff  a  piece  which 
t-fc«  U-'M  in  ui*e  for  1»"»  year?*;  all  wool,  both  warp  ;iiid 
•  eft,  au>i  Woven  V>y  .i  linen  wc;iver. 


A  sample  of  green  flannel,  as  used  by  the  peasantry  and 
working  people  of  the  counties  of  Waterford  and  We£ford, 
Ireland.  

459  Smith  &  Whytb,  Glasgow — ^ManufEMjturers. 
Embroidered  robe  de  chambre  and  lady's  dress. 

460  Roberts,  R.,  LlanberHs  Road,  Camarwm, 

Wales — Manufacturer. 
Linsey*weolsey  manufactures. 

461  Abchibald,  Jane  R.,  Tillicoultry^ 

Manufacturer. 
Plaid  shawls. 


462,  463,  467,  and  468  plaoedonthe  NoHh  WaU  vM 

Class  YI, 


462      BfUJNTON  ft  Nesbit,  Edinburgh — Producers. 
Shawls  and  scarfs. 


463     Bratsham,  George,  61a  Park  Street,  Camden 

Tovcn — Maker. 
Pictorial  mosaic  cloth-work  table-cover  or  quilt,  com- 
prising 32  compartments  exclusive  of  the  centre^  which 
is  the  arms  of  EIngland;  each  compartment  being  an 
imitation  of  some  well-known  picture,  made  of  coloured 
cloths,  fine-drawn  together  so  as  to  imitate  painting, 
the  features  being  worked  with  the  needle,  the  whole  sur- 
rounded with  a  border.  This  work  has  been  the  labour 
of  leisure  hours  for  a  period  of  nine  years  and  a  half. 


464  Gibson,  William,  ft  Co.,  Tillicoultry,  Alloa,  Scotland 

— Manufacturers. 
M'Eenzie  and  M'Loan   clan  tartan  woollen  shawls. 
Fancy  woollen  shawls.     Frazer  and  Forbes  clan  tartan, 
for  ladies'  dresses  and  cloaks. 


465  Archibald,  Robert,  ft  Sons,  Tillicoultry,  Alloa, 

Set  >t  I  and — Manu  facturers. 
Rob  Roy,  Cohiuhoun,  and  M 'Donald  of  Staffa  tartan 
long  hIkiwIh.  Malcolm  aud  Bruce  tartan  wool  shawla. 
Fancy  wool  shawls.  Koyal  Stewart  an<l  tioixion  tiirtana 
for  cloakfl  or  dresaed.  Fancy  tartaua.  All  of  woollen 
fabric. 

466  Paton,  J.  ft  I).,  Tillu^o'iltn,,  AUm,  Scotland— 

Manu  fact  u  re  i-fl. 

Long  wool  shawls,  of  various  Highland  clans  and  fancy 
patterns. 

Fancy  wool  tju-tan,  designed  by  Mewii-s.  Romanes  and 
Paterson,  Edinburgh. 

Long  wool  fancy  shawls,  designed  by  Messrs.  Mitchell, 
Miller,  and  Ogilvie,  Glasgow. 

Long  wool  fancy  shawls,  designed  by  Messrs.  Arthur 
and  Frazer,  Gla^^gow. 


467      Sinclair,  John,  jun.,  40  S,>uth  lUulje  Stnxt, 

J.'dinhnrgh  — Manufactui"er. 

Scarf  plaids,  Royal  Stusul;  Victoria;  Sinclair;  Suther- 
land or  4Jnd;  all  wool.  Pieces  of  Ttuian,  Royal  Victoria; 
McDonald  of  Slate,  or  Duke  of  Rothesay;  Sutherland  or 
4'-'nd;  all  wool. 

Tartans  were  worn  in  the  Western  Ishuids  and  High- 
lands of  Scotlantl  as  early  iw  l«>iiO,  and  are  suppose*!  to 
have  been  introduced  by  Queen  Margaret.  Eiich  chm  has 
a  8ep;uiite  jiatteni,  or  t4U-t4Ui,  for  itself,  beaiing  it«  name, 
antl  worn  by  all  the  individuals  of  the  clan. 

4G8     Wilson,  W.,  &  Son.  i:<iunocUntrn,  near  Stlrliiuj, 

Si-  'tl'ind — Manufaetuix'rs. 
Woollen  manufactures. 


4C)\)     Rrown,  Jamks  &  IIknky.  ft  Co.,  rUrick  Mills, 
Si'l/Jr/:.  Siotlnwl — Mamifact nrers. 
Scoteh  tw.i'ds  and  fancy  woollen.-,  of  various  new  mix- 
ture'^ aud  rttvlcs. 


602 


Classes  12  &  15.— WOOLLEN  AND  WORSTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0. 10  to  17,  and  South  Tbansbpt  Gallbbt. 


470     Hallt,  Obobge,  Perthshire — ^Manufacturer. 
Plaids  in  aeyaral  varieties. 


472        HuoHBS,  W.,  Benygroes,  near  Camarvonr— 

Weaver  and  Producer. 

Worsted  and  silk  dresses. 

Aprons,  of  Welsh  linsey.    Table-cover,  of  wool  and 
flax,  a  iqpecimen  of  Welsh  weaving. 

474       ScHOPiBLD,  Abei^  Spring  ffouse,  near  Delph, 
Saddletcorth — Manufacturer. 

Patterns  of  woollen  goods  manufactured  in  the  years 
from  1780  to  1820,  showing  the  styles  of  that  period. 

fine  doeskin,  or  satin-fSace,  all  wool,  suitable  for  vest- 
ings,  ladies'  or  babies'  clothing,  &c. 
^Fine  buff  prunell  cashmere,  a  little  milled. 

Fine  white  cashmere,  containing  144  picks  in  the  inch, 
for  shawls,  ladies'  dresses,  &c. 

Crimson  merino. 

Maude  fabrics  for  shawLs,  and  speoimens  of  colours 
dyed  in  shades. 

Fme  patent  black  broad  doth  and  cassimeres. 


475    HixiHES,  William,  Bethesda,  near  Bangor,  Wal 

Manufacturer. 
Durable  bed -covering. 


477        Watson,  J.  &  A.,  Galashiels,  Scotland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Scotch  clan  and  &ncy  plaids.     Ladies'  woollen  scarfs 
or  shawls.     Woollen  tartans  (ladies'  dresses).     Scotch 
tweeds.  

480      Roberts,  W.  &  Co.,  Galashiels,  Scotland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Pieces  of  Scotch  tweeds. 


48 1      Reib,  D.,  &  Son,  Langholm — Manufacturers. 

Cotton  and  Scotch  wool  hose;  shepherd's  plaid  check 
made  from  Cheviot  wool;  Australian  and  (German  wool; 
fancy  check  made  from  wool  (elastic);  blue  grey  check, 
made  from  Australian  wool;  fimcy  union  tweed,  made 
from  cotton  and  Cheviot  wool. 


486  ^'gT^AT.i.  &  Bartlemore,  Rochdale,  Lancashire — 

Manu£BM:turers. 
Flannel:  ordinary  quality,  English  wool;  middle  quality. 
New  Zealand  wool;  nne  quality,  Australian  wool. 

Electoral  and  Saxony  flannel,  and  electoral  shawl, 
German  wool.  Qauze  and  imitation  "Welsh"  German 
wool.  

487  Brook,  John  &  Son,  Upper  Thong,  near  ffaddersfield 

— ^Blanu&ctures. 
Specimens  of  woaded  black  broad  doth,  cassimere,  and 
doeskin.  

490    BCRNLEY  &  Sons,  Hcckmondwic'cc,  near  Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 
English,  Witney,  and  Irish  blankets.     American  Mac- 
kinnow  and  scarlet  striped  blankets.    American  blankets, 
for  clothing  purposes. 


493     Thomas,  W.,  Haworth,  Keighley,  Bradford^ 

Manufacturer. 
Dyed  wool,  combed;  wool-dyed  yams,  in  hanks  and  on 
spools;  dyed  yam,  floated  with  silk. 


496 


Stowells  &  Sugden,  Bradford — 
Manufacturers. 
Crimson  and  white  two-fold  mohair  yam. 


500   His  Botal  Highness  Prince  Albert — Produoer. 

(Main  Aventie,  West,) 

Two  brocaded  dresses,  manufactured  by  T.  Gregoir 
and  Brothers,  Shelf,  near  Halifax,  Yorkshire.  The  weft 
of  the  Cashmere  wool  shorn  from  the  goats  kept  by 
H.R.H.  Prince  Albert,  in  Windsor  P&rk.  The  warp  is  <^ 
silk. 

Two  shawls  and  a  specimen  of  coarse  cloth  manufiM^- 
tured  by  J.  Haley  and  Son,  Bramley,  near  Leeds.  The 
whole  of  the  material  is  of  the  Casnmere  wool  as  above 
described. 

The  Cashmere  goat's  wool,  of  which  these  artioles  are 
manufactiu^  consists  of  two  distinct  materials  called 
wool  and  kemp.  The  wool  is  beautifully  rich  and  soft  to 
the  touch,  and  is  probably  superior  in  this  ren>ect  to  the 
finest  continental  lamb's  wool,  and  eqiael  to  the  richness 
of  the  Thibet  wool.  It  is  also  divisible  into  qualities. 
The  kemp  presents  the  appearance  of  a  course  rough  hair, 
sudi  as  is  avoided  by  the  manufacturer  in  all  purchases 
of  wools,  deteriorating  as  it  does  the  appearance  of  even 
common  fabrics  by  its  inferiority  and  harshness. 

1^  two  wools,  as  shorn  from  the  goat,  are  closely  in- 
termingled, and  present  the  appearance  of  coarse  hairy 
wool  of  a  very  low  character ;  but  a  minute  inspection 
shows  that  part  of  it  is  of  a  very  fine  quality.  In  order 
to  separate  this  fine  quality  from  the  coarse,  it  is  ne- 
cessary to  do  so  fibre  by  fibre;  and  this  has  to  bo  effected 
entirely  by  hand,  no  machinery  having  as  yet  been  applied 
to  this  purpose.  The  process  is  both  difficult  and  tedious ; 
one  person  not  being  able  to  separate  more  than  half  an 
ounce  in  twelve  hours. 

After  the  separation  of  the  qualities,  it  is  desirable 
further  to  divide  it,  in  order  to  make  a  warp  yam  for 
fabrics  like  the  shawls;  but  this  was  impossible  in  the 
present  instance,  owing  to  the  small  quantity  producod, 
otherwise  the  fabric  would  have  been  much  finer.  In  the 
dresses  this  result  has  been  achieved,  because  the  warp  i& 
of  silk,  and  the  quantity  required  for  the  weft  was  there- 
fore not  so  great  in  proportion. 

The  8i>ecimen  of  coarse  cloth  is  manufactured  entirely 
of  the  coarse  hairs  or  kemp  after  it  is  assorted  from  the 
finer  material  of  the  wool.  In  a  general  way  this  is  con- 
sidered worthless. 


501     Underwood,  W.,  1  Vere  Street,  Oxfind  Street. 

Heraldic  tapestry  hanging.  The  Royal  Arms  can  be 
substituted  by  the  arms  of  any  other  family.  Cloth  cur- 
tains in  various  colours.     (In  South  Transept  Gallery.) 


Nos,  463,  467,  and  460— Ground  Floor,  North  Side,  behitid 
Western  Brfreshtnent  Boom, 


SILK   AND    VELVET. 


INTRODUCTION. 

Thib  ClaM  ippeftM  u  the  representative  of  the  silk  and  velvet  manufactures  of  the  United  Kingdom ;  tho 
raw  malerisl  of  tho  manufacture  being  far  more  costly  than  in  the  two  prectidiDg  instances  of  cotton  and 
wonllen.  The  articles  included  by  this  Clasa  partako,  on  the  whole,  more  of  the  character  of  products  of 
luxury.  The  beautiful  capabilities  of  the  fibre  for  textile  purjMisca,  sud  its  delicate  applicability  to  the  pur- 
pi»e»  of  the  dj-er,  render  silk  an  interesting  and  attractive  manufacture.  The  same  qualities  also  combine  to 
uffer  it  as  an  admirable  material  for  the  display  of  ta3t«  and  oniamcnt.  llic  number  of  Exhibitors  rather 
eioeeds  tliat  of  those  in  cotton,  hut  falls  far  below  the  number  exhibiting  in  woollen  and  worsted.  Manu- 
faclorera  are  the  priDcijial  Exhibitors ;  but  works  executed  by  private  hand,  and  articles  exhibited  severally 
by  iiTOiirietora,  have  also  a  place  in  this  Class. 

The  jubdivisions  of  the  Class  are  as  follow ; — A.  Includes  Silk  Yams,  such  as  fipun.  Thrown,  and  Sewing 
Silks ;  B.  Plain  Silks  of  every  kind ;  C.  Fancy  Bilks,  as  Shot,  Figured,  Embroidered,  &c. ;  I),  Velvets,  Flain 
mod  Figured  ;  E.  Gauzes  and  Crapes ;  F.  Plain  Ribbons ;  and  Q.  Fancy  Itihinns. 

The  articles  in  the  Class  are  to  be  found  in  the  Building  in  the  South  and  Transept  Galleries,  where 
tticy  are  cont«ned  in  plass  cases.  In  this  position  they  offer  a  favourable  opjertimity  for  contrast  with  thoM 
uf  the  principal  foreign  silk-producing  localities,  the  coutributions  of  which  are  msplayod  in  the  Central 
South  Uallerj-,  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  Transept. 

The  principal  localities  from  which  articles  have  hjen  received  have  been  tho  metropolis  (Rpital fields), 
Macclesfield,  Leek,  Halifax,  Derby,  Manchester,  Leeds,  and  Coventry.  Hut  many  articles  are  exhibited  which 
have  ti'it  Nfn  derived  directly  from  llie  locality  occupied  by  the  Rxbibilor,  but  from  others  not  enumerated. 

Tlic  U'^iiiifiil  and  ftrlislic  Silk  Trijphy,  (x^cujiyiii^  tho  cntmnce  to  the  Western  Nave,  caiioot  fail  to  attract 
n'-'iiv.  'fliis  (niphy  consists  of  an  eieg.-iiit  arrauKemcnt  of  rich  tissues,  brocades,  ilnmnsks,  &c.,  and  is  sur- 
i:."titit<>!  hy  aniikcn  banner.  A  variety  of  rich  and  costly  pnMluctiousof  theSiiitalficldM  loiim  are  exhibited  in 
tb->  'ia!l''ri''M.  Tiie  colours  and  textures  of  these  fabrics  are  of  groat  brilliancy  and  finish.  An  iutcrvetiug 
clliyrjfin  ol' s|ieeimensof  the  raw  and  manufactured  material  is  also  cxhiliiteil.  Siiecimens  of  silk-phisli  for 
v.iri'iu*  i>i]r|irise.'i,  and  in  imitation  of  furs,  arc  likewise  found  among  these  articles.  The  riblwus  uf  Coventry 
l.ave  i)ri|uin.il  a  universal  reputation  ;  and  lliis  characteristic  manufacture  is  well  represented  in  the  nnnilier 
arid  varirty  of  tijesc  article;)  hero  cxiiibiteil.  Tiic  application  of  steam  jiower  as  a  snlalitute  for  haixl-weaving 
ill  this  niauiifacturc,  is  making  rapid  pro/resa,  ami  mime  of  its  results  are  apparent  in  this  Class. 

.lit(-m|>ls  have  liecn  at  different  times  made  to  inlroilucc  the  breciliiig  and  culture  of  the  silkworm  into 
Eiijliuid.  anil  with  varying  results.  Some  sjicciuicns  of  the  results  oTrtnineil  by  one  of  llie  must  jmtient  and 
[•T-'Verini:  experiments  are  exhibiteil,  lliis  laily,  now  doccasei!,  runsidereil  herself  to  have  demonstrateil  tlio 
inif-rieal-iliiy  .if  t  lie  introduction  of  this  art  into  England.  Silkofa  l«.iutif«l  kind  lias  l>een  productKl,  and 
i:iliii!iiii.iiis  np|icnr  to  indieaie  the  possibility  of  the  art  licing  successfully  prosecuteil.  A  lar^e  laiiner  of  silk 
LT..WI1  in  Kn.;l:iiid  is  txliilriteil.  At  present  the  United  Kiuiidom  draws  lis  supply  of  llie  ri\w  inaterirtl  for 
n.-iMii'situn-  ]rritici]nilly  from  the  East  indies ;  and  France,  Italy,  Turkey,  and  China,  also  sujiply  a  eousiiler- 
il'li-  amount.  Ti-n  vears  since  the  annual  iniimrts  fur  home  consumjition  nmountcil  lo  the  hirgo  sum  of 
4.7.;l.7-t."t  Us.  When  it  is  remembered  that  all  this  viist  (piantity  of  textile  fibre  is  the  result  of  the  industry 
u  l.irt-z,  an  idea  may  l>e  gainol  of  tlie  ini[>ortHnc«  of  tilings  seemingly  iusignificaut. — 1!.  V,, 


1  Knfn,  Daniei,  &  Co.,  124  ir«d  Slnxt— 

MantirBctiirors. 

Fill  InjJi-i. — Rith   tisunwi,    bnicailos,  bmcntullcB,  silk 

■luiL^kii,  f;lk  lutd  worst^il  ilnmaiik,  mnvoiiotti^A,  cturiiigO' 

l.nin.T'.   iliajibiuio.  window  blinds,  and  evury  variety  of 

..Iki  rsjiiirwl  for  upliolst«ry  pmjKiBes.     This  truphy  is 

r^l-rwroU'l  ID  Ihp  »cc'imi«nving  I'lftto  15. 

(.V..i«  Ar.-m.f.    Wot.) 

y.rirrA  UfTi't^i  .-iml  et^f  ).-»«  d'Arri.jtio,  iiiiuiiiriu.'t<ir< 
hr  SI..B-  k  K.  iiip.  .S|,iuitfi,.|,l«.  Black  gros  do  Tuut 
lit-j  uf  ^iUlIii-Ma  manufaeture. 


Garniture  ribbon,  ninniifiictured  at  Nuneaton,  by  Cor- 
nell ft  Co.  The  wi.lc  ribbon  re.)uireK  a  W"!  Jaaiuofd 
uuitliino,  and  I,7U0  canla  t«  euinplL-l*;  llii:  iNittwrii. 


Jow'a  Bilk. 

.T    Sandehson  &  Reii>,  7  <;,r>l:<m  ,'7c,<-(— Manufiicturcrx 

Spociiiien  of  silk  wciivinK  fur  a  clwir  ciiv<;r,  euiiiliiiiiii, 
vGlvvt,  »iitin,l>r.wuliuK,  andtiiWuinB  wiUiiiU-H,  to  n.'pr, 
iwnt  silver  mid  RcU  {n^M\o  uuiUr  M^'h^n-.  WiUiiiiM.i  aui 
Soworby'H  i«tcut  for  tisauo  du  viSrre,  or  glmw  Uinfuc). 


504 


Class  13.— SILK  AND  VELVET. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[Uknbd 


New  style  of  pattern  and  cloth  for  furniture.  Finislied 
pattern,  forming  a  shape  for  wainscoating.  Specimens  for 
wainscoating,  with  variety  of  colours. 

5  Robinson,  J.  &  R.  &  Co.,  30  Milk  Street,  Cheapside— 

Manufacturers . 

Black  and  coloured  velvets  for  vestings,  and  for  church 
and  upholstery  purposes. 

Black  amozines  for  professional  robes. 

Plain  silks  and  satins  for  vestings. 

Silks  and  satins  for  cravats. 

Figured  silks  for  vestings  and  dress. 

Figiu-ed  satin  for  fancy  purposes,  got  up  as  a  remem- 
brancer of  the  Exhibition. 


Robinson,  J.  &  T.,  Fort  Street,  Spitalfielda — 
Manufacturers. 
Black  and  coloured  velvets. 


7  Stillwell,  James,  &  Son,  7  Wiite  Lion  Street,  Norton 

Folgate — ^Manufacturers. 

Samples  of  crimson,  cerise,  blue,  and  gold  brocatelle, 
for  ciu*tains,  kc.  Samples  of  claret,  green  and  gold,  and 
cerise  and  white  damask. 

Pattern  of  Dalmatia  robe,  worn  by  the  Queen,  at  her 
coronation.  

8  Washington,  T.  &  Davees,  W.,  13  &  14  Milk  Street, 

Cheapside — ^Manu^eu^turers . 
Waistcoatings  in  lengths,  of  Spitalfields  manufacture,  in 
imitation  of  foreign  furs. 

9  Walters  &  Sons,  Wilson  Street,  Finshury,  and  Kettering 

— Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  plush  used  in  the  manufacture  of  silk 
hats.  

10  Wilson,  James,  k  Co.,  37  Walbrook — 

Manufacturers. 
Silk  plush  for  hats. 

[A  variety  of  causes,  in  addition  to  the  scarcity  of  fur, 
have  led  to  an  entire  change  in  the  material  for  hats.  At 
present,  the  greater  number  of  hats  are  covered  with  a 
tissue  of  silk  plush,  laid  over  a  stiff  body.  The  silk  plush 
forms  the  nap  of  the  hat,  and  is  manu&otured  in  lai^e 
quantities  for  this  purpose.] 

11  Swan  &  Edgar,  Piccadilly  and  Regent  Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silks,  &c.,  Spitalfields  manufactiu*e — ^Black  gros  de 
Naples,  Ducape,  gros  de  tour,  glac<$,  satin,  satin  Grecian, 
barrathea,  Bsdmoral,  parapbanton,  watered  silk,  velvet, 
armozine  royal  robe  silk,  gros  royal,  Radzimore,  Berlin, 
Orleans,  vest  satin  and  antique  watered  silk.  Manu- 
fEictured  by  Messrs.  J.  Balance  k  Sons. 

Coloured  damask  figured  silk,  new  ground,  manu- 
factured by  Messrs.  Stone  and  Kemp.  Coloured  striped 
glac^  and  small  check  silks  ;  colourod  chin<$  silks,  mauu- 
mctured  by  Messrs.  Winkworth  k  Procters. 

1 2  DoTHorr,  Jonathan,  26  Steward  Street,  Spitalfelds — 

Manufacturer. 
Brocade  garment  silks. 

13  Bon>,  Isaac,  Spitdl  Square — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered  figured  damask  silk  furniture,  **  hollyhock 

Catteni;"  white  watered  figured  garment  silk,  "thistle, 
ell,  and  heather  pattern;'*  blue  tissue  and  gold  figure 
garment  silk,  "pfliisy,  lily,  poppy,  and  rose  pattern." 
**  Moird  antique,    for  garments,  various  colours. 


14     Grboson  k  Brfen,  Grcsfmm  Street  West — Agents. 

Irish  poplin  or  tabuict,  plain,  plaids,  ribbed,  double 
Irish,  watered,  and  moinS  antique.  Manufactured  by 
Mr.  Wm.  M.  Geoghcgan,  50  Francis  Street,  Dublin. 


15  Seameb,  T.,  5  Milk  Street,  Cheapside^ 

Manufacturer. 

Thirty-six  inch  moir€  antiques,  English  dye  and  ciim0on 
velvet. 


16    Lewis  &  Allenbt,  193,195,  &  197  Segeni  Street— 

Designers. 

Silk,  brocaded  with  colours.  Designed  by  8.  W. 
Lewis.  The  beauty  and  difficulty  of  production  of  this 
silk  will  be  more  readily  understood  from  the  £u!t  thai 
its  manufacture  requires  the  use  of  nearly  30,000  oards 
and  100  shuttles,  and  it  is  stated  to  be  the  first  instanoe 
in  which  a  brocade,  introducing  so  large  a  number  of  co- 
lours (fifteen),  has  been  successfully  attempted  in  Eng- 
land.    Manufactured  in  Spitalfields. 

Brocaded  ribbons. 


17      Graham,  Robert,  k  Sons,  31  Spital  Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Velvet,  satin,  and  watered  silks. 


18    Stone  k  Kemp,  35  Spital  Square — Manufiaotiirers. 
Velvets.    Figured  and  chin^  silks. 


19  Sewell,  Evans,  Hubbard,  k  Bacx>n,  44,  45,  ft  46 

Old  Compton  Street — Proprietors. 

Registered  figured  damask  silk,  brocaded  in  various 
colours,  manufactured  by  Messn.  Campbell^  Harrison, 
and    Lloyd,  Spitalfields. 

Plain  moir^  antique. 

Registered  figured  damask  made  in  a  Jaoquard  and 
Bannister  loom,  by  Messrs.  Winkworth  and  Procten, 
Manchester. 


20      Clark,  Jane,  170  Regent  Street — Designer  aiMl 

Manufacturer. 

Spitalfields  enamelled  silks,  vIe. — 

A  white  ground,  covered  with  gold  baskets  filled  with 
green  enamel  shamrocks. 

A  white  ground  with  rainbow  enamel. 


21       Le  Mare,  Joshua,  &  Sons,  27  Spitai  Square — 

Manufacturers. 

Black  satinette,  of  inferior  quality,  woven  by  power- 
loom,  and  of  superior  qualitv,  woven  by  hand-loom. 

Coloured  satinette,  of  medium  quality,  woven  by  hand* 
loom. 

The  advantage  of  satinettes  over  satins  consists  in  their 
brilliancy  being  produced  in  the  process  of  manufieurture, 
without  dress  or  any  other  artificial  means;  consequently 
they  are  as  cheap  and  more  durable. 

Black  ducape,  watered,  of  large  and  small  pattenw 
and  medium  quality. 

Black  coloured  velvet,  of  medium  quality. 


22  Cornell,  Ltell,  &  Webster,  1 5  St,  Pauft  Churchyard, 
and  Nuneaton — Manufacturers. 

Chin6  and  brocaded  sash  and  other  ribbons. 


23        Casey,  J.,  &  Phillips,  T.,  13  Spital  Square-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Silk,  velvets,  Algerias,  ^oe-de-Naples,  glac^,  gros,  &c. 


24  Robinson,  Jas.  k  Wm.,  k  Co.,  3  and  4  MHJk  Street, 
Cheapside — ^Manufacturers. 

Crimson  velvet  for  pulpits. 

Blue  and  marone  velvets  for  waistcoats. 

Brown  and  blue  plush  for  coats  and  vests. 

White  satin  and  white  tabby  silk  for  embroidery* 

White  and  black  satins  for  shoes. 

White  and  black  satins  for  vests. 

White  watered  and  figured  silks  for  waistcoats. 

Black  serge  and  white  laveutino  for  coat  sloovo  and- 
ttkirt  linings.    Black  armozincs  for  robes. 


aumu^-eiui 


AHD  VELVET. 


dt)  Miki  aad  figoMd  bordan,  ihal  wftii 

iSiiii'ii«*  fill    '  ^^ 


so  CtBt^  TatimOb,  ft  Bii,  9  JhmpSrett,Ci0ap*ldt 

— MMniwtonn. 

dpeoBBdrtM.    FboTBd Mtin dnM. 


,  HimKUDH,  &  Llotd,  19  Friday  St.— 
Manufiusturan. 

Colonnd  moM  utique.    Brocade  Ggore  for  vcetiDgs. 


32        Ciow,  CmMLO,  19  (JidJfr  Lone,  CK«apiiib — 

Q|iaiiiumi  of  JKqnud  dlk  weaving,  29  iDches  bj  24, 
foriniU  of  Her  H^jerty  the  Queen,  and  H.R.H.  Prince 
Albert,  with  emblematic  deoorationa. 

Ifgnred  Ktm  craTata;  figured  crarati  (not  satin). 

ftitiB  dteeked  bandaunaa,  vaiimu  vidtha. 

Sstin  chocked  fimaaela,  Tarioiu  widths. 

Bad  ImnlanTiii.    ootdad  and   plun  bordeni,    ynrioiu 

nltlM. 

Blai^  dncapea;  black  BruaaeU  twill;  block  milit&rf 
t«iU  )  aad  black  baiathea  twill,  all  ot  mioua  qualitiw. 
"■--^ -■— '   "" It  widths. 


BlaJ^ata 


Orejr  twilled  bandauna^lahi  and  printed. 
fcmrlMrf  ailkg,  tmw,  Cbina,  Bengal,  and  Italian. 
ftMiijilM  of  ailk,  thrown,  gum  boiled  00",  and  dfed. 


33  Mammau.  ft  SviLaaoTB,  II  and  15  Vem  Street, 
r<at^M  fqaare,  and  19  IlenriMa  Street — Proprietoi 
BK«d  nlka— Shadsd  glac^  ailt  of  Britiih  inuufacture 
(bj  Uman.  Wmkworth  and  Procten,  of  Hanchcet«r),  dia- 
jilajiiift  (ha  nriet  j  of  buea  in  each  shade  of  colouring. 
ne  nomber  of  tlirgadi  to  each  ihade  U  owr  two  thoii- 
I  about  twenty  tinta  in  the  dyeing. 


Figured  dunank  sitb,  grawn  and  vannd  off  at  YttHtgf 
Ifortb  Hants  {  an  agridvOiml  e^Mbnent. 

En^IiKb  cli-itli,  ciiibndd«Nd  wHh  dft,  KNwn  and 
w.-M,T-.r.rr-.r  V,''1m'.  Haiiahatiindt^llMKa.S<MiU»i 
>VM,-t'.    'M  .  ]  'vith  tlwir  patant  nr- 

.].i  :  oftheohaaUkau 


Watte  dlk,  bomoc 


S    Oroot,  JoavR, 4 Co., FiitUr  tmt    MaiililbiiliiiMa 
Folded  and  nllad  blaek  etifM,  dngle,  dovbla,  ttaUa^ 

Mid  four  thnada.    Colonrod  aerophane  co-^a. 

Colonnd  liiaa  pum.     Qoaaamw  of  nriona  ooloma, 

tiaad  for  Teila. 


ded.     imkm 


17       Dub,  Avmn,  87  OAph  Stnet,  4>ftat)bU^- 
Agent. 
FlgOTed  rilki,  deaigttedmd  wombf  flnpnpUaofOM 
^talfields  School  of  Derign. 


88     BwNSucmnvT,  J.  ft  T.,  ft  Son,  MaM3«^idd— 
HannbetorMa. 

Baw  iilk,  realad.    ThMwn  tSk  and  d^ed  aUk. 

Sewing  allk  in  nw  and  dyad  atata,  qnui  rilt  from  »■ 
Auw  kmibB  and  hndn,  aohlUtiiv  the  materi*]  and  tta 
■twea  in  pocea^  oon^atiDK  of  yan^  o^a,  and  sooda. 

Saanfiiotuivd gooda •.— velvota,  aatina,  moireantiqnei, 
glao^  grosde  Naples  (figured  and  plain) ;  lerantinee,  sergea,- 
yertings,  sarsnete,  Persians,  ribbons,  hat  and  rulway  car- 

Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  black,  coloured,  plain,  and 
figured  bandkercbieTs,  sciufs,  shawls,  &c.     Qoaie  veils. 


30     Amhead,  W.  &  Co.,  Maccletfeld—VroAiuien. 

Silk  dyed  in  tbe  skem,  and  prepared  for  the  use  of  thi 
manufacturer. 

40         C&ncHLEt,  Bainblev,  &  Co.,  MmxlafM — 
HanufactureiB. 
Silk  in  the  manufactured  state. 
Ladies'  foulard  dresses,  aprons,  neckties. 
Oentlamen's   oravata  and  boys'   nock-handkorcliiBfa.— 

Designs  r^;iatsred. 


41     WuDLB,  Henet  &  Thomas,  ft  Co.,  MaccUsfcUi— 
HoDufacturera, 

Ladies'  silk  handkerchiefs,  plain  and  checked,  figured 
and  chin£. 

Boys'  eravale. 

Gentlemen's  pocket  handkerchiefs  and  onvata, 

Ladies'  small  silk  shawls. 


r  IFaUfar. 


42  Hauvten  &  Sons,  Kthroyi  MiU> 
Htknufacturers, 
HtustraUons  of  the  production  of  wnste  silk  from  the 
<^(gs  of  tbe  silk-worm.  Cocotins  in  ttiu  biuh ;  the  cocoon 
as  left  by  the  worm ;  the  waste  of  tbe  cocoon  in  the 
brush.  Specimens  of  raw  material :  waste  silk  in  the 
dressed  and  carded  state;  the  same  in  the  slubblng  and 
thick  roving,  and  in  fine  rovingn.  Bingle  and  double 
spun  silk  yams. 

43 


506 


Class  13.— SILK  AND  VELVET. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[Ukited 


44  Bbouqh,  Joshua,  James,  &  Co.,  Leek — 

ManufiEMJturers. 
Sewing  silks,  raven  and  jet  black. 
Purse  or  netting  ailk. 
Leger  twist,  in  balls.    Silk  twist,  in  balls  and  reels. 

45  Hammebslet  &  Bentley,  Xe^A— Manufecturers. 
Twist  of  various  colours,  in  balls  and  on  reels,  for 

tailors.    Italian  sewings,  for  tailors  and  milliners.    Purse 
twist.    Black  silk  twist,  in  hanks,  for  tailors. 

46  Weston  &  Son,  Leek — ^Manufacturers. 

Various  buttons,  including  Florentine,  brown  Holland, 
real  twist  Italian,  white  cotton  and  worsted,  netted  silk, 
silk  barrel,  rich  twist  (needlework  dome),  rich  twist, 
youths'  dress  silk,  silk  fancy  vest,  and  ladies'  silk  dress. 

47  Davidson,  John,  &  Co.,  X«tfA— Manufiacturers. 

Baven,  jet,  and  drab  cloth  sewing  silks  for  tailors. 
Jet,  drab,  and  coloured  silk  twist. 
Jet  and  coloured  sewing  silk  for  milliners.    Stay  silk. 
Veil,  vest,  and  shawl  embroidering  silk.     Saddlers' 
silk. 
Black,  white,  and  coloured  floss  silk. 
Tram,  for  figuring,  embroidering,  or  weaving. 
Boot-closing.    Purse  twist.     Silk  sei^e. 

48  Alsop,  Robins,  &  Co.,  Z<reA— Manufacturers. 

Black  and  coloured  silk  seizes.  Black  silk  handker- 
chiefs. 

Black  20  handfeunng,  double  plain,  vratered,  and  plain 
and  watered. 

Black  Prussian  bindings.    Black  and  coloured  galloons. 

Black  sewing  silk,  and  black  and  coloiu^d  twist,  in 
balls  and  reels,  dyed  by  W.  Hammersley  &  Co.,  Leek. 

Coloured  purse  or  netting  silk. 

Yellow  weaving,  or  barber's  twist. 

Silk  whip-lashes.     Needlework  buttons. 

49  BridoeTT,  Thomas,  &  Co.,  Derbif — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  sewing-silk  for  saddlers,   bookbinders, 

staymakers,  tailors,  &c.,  netting  or  purse-twist,  and  plain 
sarsnet  ribbon. 


50        Allen  &  Holmes,  Derby — Manufacturers. 

Black  silk  ribbons  and  braids.  Algerines.  Black  satin 
trimmings.  Silk  warp,  prepared  for  the  manufacture  of 
various  fabrics. 


51  Smith,  Mart,  3a  Abb:y  Street,  Bcthnal  Green — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Chenille  shawl,  made  of  choice  silk,  and  manufactured 
in  a  loom  made  for  the  purpose.  Exhibited  as  a  specimen 
of  manufactured  chenille,  and  as  a  useful  article  for  wear 
and  warmth. 

52  Gbosvenor,  William,  Kidderminster. 

Manufacturer. 
Silk  brocade,  brocatelle,  and  figured  satinet  damasks, 
for  upholstery. 

53  Pulling,  James,  6  Brvdenell  Place,  New  North  Road 

— Manufetcturer. 
Trains  of  cn^  timics  and  tucks« 
The  Lady  Peel  mantle. 
Train  trinmiings  in  graduated  sets^ 
Elizabethans.     Berthas. 


54  Wright,  P.  &  R.,  Edmhwnjh — Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 
Figure  of  the  Duke  of  Wellington  on  horseback,  in  silk 
damask. 

55  Jackson,  Mrs.  k  Miss  Amy,  3  Brill  Row,  Somers 

Town — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
Fancy  balls,  in  cloth,  leather,  velvet,  satin,  &c.,  of  dif- 
ferent combinations;  the  seams  fimshed  with  a  gilt  cord 
or  thread,   and  the  ends  omamented  mih  the   same 
materials. 


56  Wilson,  John,  5  Church  Passage,  Spited  Squat 

'Manufacturer. 
Mourning  hat-band,  manufactured  of  silk,  woven  circu- 
larly, and  sufficiently  elastic  to  fit  over  the  hat. 

57  Burke;,  Thomas  Haswell,  6  Bull  Bead  Court, 

Newgate  Street — Manufacturer. 
Embossed    silks,    velvets,    &c. :    ladies'    sashes   and 
flounces ;  and  trimmings  for  mantles,  dresses,  millinery, 
and  parasols. 

Model  of  the  Exhibition  Building,   embossed,  about 
four  feet  six  inches  long. 

Victoria  mounts  for  the  decoration  of  drawings  and 
prints. 

Embossed  lace  papers,  hand-screens,  caixl-racks,  folios, 
ornaments  for  dimng-tables,  and  various  other  articles. 

58  Qreensheelds,  Walter,  Whitburn,  Linlithgowthirc — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  ornamental  work,  accomplished  without 
the  aid  of  a  needle. 


59     Penfold,  C,  4  Blacknux>r  Street,  Clare  Market — 

Manufacturer. 

Gauze  diaphane  for  covering  looking-glass  and  picture 
frames,  &c. 

Groose-quill  chain,  made  by  R.  R.  Acton,  G  Lowndes 
Terrace,  Kuightsbridge. 


60  Evans,  Samuel,  Wirksworth,  Derhyshu 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  silk  plush  for  vestings. 

61  Holdforth,  J.,  &  Son,  Leeds — Spinners,  Inventors, 

and  Importers. 

Various  specimens  of  the  article  known  as  silk  wasto, 
Chinese,  Italian,  and  British. 

Specimens  of  single  and  double  spun  silk  yams,  from 
the  coarsest  to  the  finest  ntunbers,  the  finest  having 
428,400  yards  to  a  pound  (No.  510  cotton  reel),  and  L» 
used  to  a  great  extent  for  the  manufacture  of  a  variety  of 
goods. 

Samples  of  silk  yam,  dyed  and  finished,  ready  for  tho 
msmufacturer.  Spun  by  the  exhibitors*  patent  process, 
by  which  greater  brilliancy  and  strength  are  said  to  be 
obtained,  and  a  very  near  approach  to  net  silk,  for  which 
it  ia  substituted  for  a  variety  of  pm'poses. 

62  Harrop,  Taylor,  &  Pearson,  Piccadilly,  Manchatisr 

— Manufacturers. 

Pink,  white,  sky,  and  maize  gros  de  Naples  for  ladies* 
bonnets;  exhibited  for  cheapness. 

Black  gros  de  Naples  and  ducapes,  for  ladies'  drosses. 

Black  edged  ducape,  22  inches  tape  edged  armaziue 
and  black  velour  for  hat-bands,  scarfs,  and  clergymen's 
gowns. 

Gros  d'Eoosse,  various  mixtures,  used  for  ladies* 
dresses,  mantles,  &c. 


63  Booth  &  Pike,  4;^  Oldham  Street,  Ifanchester 

— Manufacturers. 

Imperial  or  carded  plush  for  hats,  bonnets,  &c.,  in  the 
various  stages  of  manufacture :  viz.,  1st,  grey,  as  it  leaves 
the  loom;  2nd,  as  it  api>ear8  after  the  nap  has  been 
raised  partly  by  hand  and  partly  by  steam-power  by 
means  of  teasels  and  cards;  3rd,  the  same  with  the  nap 
shorn  of  a  uniform  length;  4th,  black,  as  received  from 
the  dyer;  and,  5th,  when  finished  and  ready  for  use  in 
various  colours. 

Galloons,  or  bindings  and  bands  with  the  buckles 
attached,  ready  for  the  hat. 

Hat  linings,  of  various  qualities  and  descriptions,  with 
specimens  of  the  same  in  the  piece. 

64  Houldsworth,  James,  &  Co.,  Portland  Street  Mill, 

Manchester — Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  Jaoquard  figured  silk  fabrics,   suitable 
for  furniture,  consisting  of  silk  tissue,  brocades,  broco- 
tolles,  &c. 


OkiB  I8^-SII£  ARD-VKLViei; 


MM  of  patent  nucliins  embroidnTies,  conaisUng 
1^  taUtt^oven.  eiirtkiiu,  puieU.  medallioiu,  Ax, 
"  n  of  Um  Urge  mtin  qailt,  uid  the 
"'  ig,  are  exhibited  w  noveltie 
Asaaitiy  Bpedraem  of  cocooiu. 


He  nowo  andi 
ti  ODnnnnia  V 

ii4K'»eButod  in  tbe  awompaaying  Plate 


lull  I'f^^f**"  ' 

n*  intaf  aQ  Toimd  the  oetitre  groop  of  fleuroE,  u 
■  kd  ^HvB,  compcoed  of  tlie  &»ilben7  lea!  anil 
•■Ki  aulwlliui  with  ao  onuunoiilnl  scroll.  On  a  blue 
(Ate*  ta  tl>«  motto  '■  Paliuanon  ilna  ililigcntin."  This 
aiad  two  laogtha  of  wtin  <lania><]c,  invugliC  io  mcdalUona 
ftoca  tba  aMii|>M,  am  the  rwulc  of  fnurteen  j-aon'  ua- 
Urtaf  and  iiMlli(;Miit  iMnwronHwe  id  the  endeavour  to 
bnaS  aUkwuna  aoooaaafUlly  for  conunercdal  purpoaoa  in 
Koahftd.  Thl*  labour  ww  roluutarily  uadertaken  by 
the  kM  Hia.  VhUhj  of  Nowlaiida.  in  tbo  couii^  of 
ft-Vhwrrrf*'^  Hm  wnniu  were  boru  and  niiiod  at  New- 
I,  aad  Cb*  ailk;  wound  by  her  own  puoplo.  The 
'  '■  that  fed  than,  which  were  ^wn  in  a 
I,  ara  of  the  FUliivilie  variety,  ilonii 
>  imported  by  Hn.  Whitby,   from 


.  Whitby  coinmaQicated  the 
1  through  10  yeois,  in  the 
V  to  pnnw  Um  pnaiQiiltty  of  profitably  rearing 
Ik*  OWH  Ik  F-^— ^  She  oonmieniod  her  eipari- 
■mM  hf  mmflhlag  Om  b«rt  Toiaty  of  mulberry-tree. 
IhiA  mUA  ■■bait—*  i^^^iBW  M  Iwr  to  believe  to 
WkartiriladbrttbpBpaaanatliaJKru  nti/lwWii, 
•f  tta  rU^flM  bhadk  lUi  mwty  na  introducod 
If  1  III  llf  )■  ia4e.  nw  wwgbt  of  leaf  bome  by  thu 
«Mia^  Sm  VMJ  frcot,  and  it  admita  <rf  easy  propagation 
fa  *fiM  pwmL  With  can^  and  an  abundant  mpply  of 
BaMD^  tha  aiae  of  leaf  attained  in  Hampehire  nan  very 
giaaL  Tlw  egga  employed  wore  of  the  large  Italian  «ort. 
AAar  much  patient  orperimant,  Hm.  Whitby  became 
«oll*ii>oad  that  the  ailkwonn  could  be  aa  easily  reared  in 
P'1l''~*  it  in  any  other  country,  and  with  as  little  losa. 
Eqnabla  warmth  throngfaout  the  period  of  the  iiuectV 
'on,  and  ventilation,  with 
n  to  the  mitobility  of  food  to  the  nge  of  the 
t,  an  italed  aa  the  eaaentiBl  elements  of  auccevaful 
The  milt  produced  waa  pronounoed  by  the 
■t  eminent  manufacturan  equal,  and  in  lotne  apecimeiu 
aaparior  to  the  but  Italian  mlk,  and  Hm.  Whitby  olse 
«ijuaailLt»d  riie  had  proved  tliot  the  tmltiratioii  of  silk  in 
Uua  eooDtry  could  be  pumied  aa  a  profitable  under- 
tokinf .  Several  attempta  have  bean  and  are  now  being 
maile  io  imitation  of  the  laboan  of  thia  lady,  and  benu- 
tifnl  Uiriee  have  baoi  woven  ofailk  of  home-produoe.— 
»-E.]  

65  Wdkwoktb  ft  PaoCTKB*,  Mmchiaitr— 

UaanfiKturBn. 
Flgorad  nlk*  of  different  deaigna  and  choraoter.   Chinf 
■Ik.  aCripad  all  over,   and  waterad;   and  plain  ailk  of 
wiooa  kiad*  and  qualities. 


6fi       COl,  B.  a.  &  Co.,  T  .'<l.  PauTi  Ckircknard,  ami 
Cimfry— Uanufacturen. 

Two  ridl  aaahaa  and  other  ribbona. 

Tte  iliaijpia  of  two  of  tha  aaabea  arc  taken  from  Pal- 
ba'a  "Flower  Oardan."  The  one,  T  incbeawide,  "The 
^Utwiqg  gbnd-baacisg  tnimpat- flower"  (.Utnoca/ymina 


67    Brat,  Cb^uius,  &  Co.,  CfmaUry — Manufacturera. 
lUbboun  illustrative  of  the  ordinary  Coventry  ribbon 

manu&cturo. 

6B      Calvioott,  R.  &  R,,  GiBm^ry-^Hanufactiiror. 

RibbonB;  apecimena  of  Coventry  manufaoture. 

[The  staple  trade  of  Coventry  is  the  manufacture  of 
ribbona  and  of  throim  silk,  eatablisliad  now  about  a  oen* 
tury  and  a  half  in  that  town.  A  lor^  number  of  hand* 
looms  are  concerned  in  ribbon-weaving,  many  being  at 
work  in  tlie  homes  of  the  vreavers.  Of  late,  ataam  ptnMT 
has  likewiae  bo«n  employsd.  The  ribbon  tradaof  OwiM 
try  ozceeda  tliat  of  ouy  otlior  town  in  the  Dnttad  IHllg" 
dom.— B.  E.] 


lufcctured  at  Covontiy. 


72  OOVKKTZT  BiBBOHB  COKXITOCB— lYoduCSTt. 

of  Coventry  ribbons. 
RATUfT,  Jonn,  &  CutoFKA^  CbMRtry— 


Flun  aatia,  striped  or  vaUinn  satin,  and  plain  and  pur* 
edged  lutestnng  nbboDs;  white  simple  &ncy  riblKinaj 
coloured  simple  fancy  ribbons,  for  summer  and  winter. 


>n  trimmingii,  for  dresaea,  exhibited  fur  oheapneu, 

6  H*BT,  J,,  Cormlry — Mimiiiacturer. 

Groupof  ribbons,  exhibited  for  cheapDeea  ofpr-Mluctlon. 


77       Robinson,  Thohxs,  (Si«n/ry— Manulaoturor. 

Figured  antin  ribbons,  produced  by  stoiun -power.  Fi- 
gured lutBulring  ribbons;  cut-edged  ribbons.  Itich  bro- 
caded nbboua  made  by  patent  brocading  batten,  by  sleom. 
Watered  pod  ribbons. 

Half  Cliina  ribbons,  used  for  t3nng  up  cambrics,  glove^ 
tec. :  this  is  the  norninast  wovun  &brio  mode  in  silk. 


78  UcH*E,  Jobs,  Cirtnlry — Hanu&cturer. 
MouminggauEe;  crniw,  lore,  and  rich  figured  lutestring 

ribbons.  

79  SrtmPT  &  TiTKMEil,  (?awiilry-_Manufaaturon<, 
Sample*  of  nblioQs,  eiliibited  for  design,  and  the  appli- 
cation of  steojii  power  to  it«  manufacture. 

RibbonB  ethibitod  for  design  and  eiocition. 
Specimens  iUuetrattve  of  a  peculiar  quality  of  whito 
ribbon.  ^ 

80  BaowKTT,  W.  &  H.,  Owm/d/— Manufacture™. 
Bullion  fiingoj  for  drewes  or  cloaks ;  sowing  silk  fringe* 

fordresBoe;   mohair  fringoe  forcloiUiB;  black  fancy  iiui- 
lions  and  fancy  sewing  silk  fringiw  for  clonks. 

Sdk  brace  weba;  silk  belt  webs  for  ebildran, 

lAdiex'  fancy  belts.     Black  Iwt  bindings. 

Gim]i  and  fancy  triiuuiiDgR  f-tr  dresses. 

Samples  uf  dyed  silks  and  cottons  uwd  In  the  almt* 


508 


Class  13.— SILK  AND  VELVET. 
South  Tbansbft  Gallebt. 


[To  the  Chinese  we  owe  the  knowledge  of  the  manu- 
facture of  Bilk  J  but  its  origin,  even  with  them,  ia  hid  in 
remote  antiquity.  Silk  was  brought  overland  from  China 
to  Rome,  within  a  century  after  Alexander  had  opened 
the  passage  to  India.  In  the  reign  of  Aurelian,  a.d.  270, 
its  price  was  so  high,  that  a  pound  of  silk  was  sold  for  a 
pound  of  gold,  nearly  equal  to  50/.  About  a  century 
later  its  purchase  was  within  the  reach  of  all  classes  at 
Rome;  and  in  the  reign  of  Justinian,  a.d.  551,  by  the 
agency  of  two  Nestorian  monks,  who  brought  the  eggs  of 
the  silkworm  from  China,  the  manufacture  of  silk  vras 
introduced  into  Europe.  Venice  and  Lyons  afterwards 
took  the  lead  in  its  European  manu&cture  ;  and  the  re- 
vocation of  the  edict  of  Nantes  brought  the  first  silk 
weavers  to  Spitalfields  in  1685. 

Silk  is  still  imported  from  China,  and  it  excels  that  of 
every  other  country,  in  brilliancy  and  colour.  Consider- 
able quantities  are  also  imported  from  France  and  Italy; 
the  silk  of  the  latter  country  being  esteemed  the  superior. 
The  silk  manufacturers  of  England  have  successfully 
striven  under  many  disadvantages  (one  of  which  has  been 
the  difficulty  of  raising  the  raw  material  at  home),  to 
cope  with  the  continental  manufacturers  in  the  produc- 
tion of  elegant  fabrics,  and  they  now  produce  some 
which  rival,  if  they  do  not  surpass,  those  of  foreigners. 
Manchester,  as  an  example,  exhibits  **  gros  de  Naples  " 
as  good  and  as  cheap  as  that  of  Lyons;  and  the  establish- 
ment of  our  Schools  of  Design  bids  fair  to  secure  our 
superiority  in  the  taste  and  beauty  of  our  patterns. 

Of  the  various  kinds  of  sUk  fabrics  presented  to  our 
notice,  we  can  only  describe  a  few.  Damask,  which  was 
formerly  used  for  dresses,  is  now  chiefly  employed  in 
furniture;  it  is  a  twilled  fabric  made  in  the  same  manner 
as  linen  damask,  with  flowers,  birds,  and  other  orna- 
ments worked  into  its  texture.  Brocade  is  a  fabric  into 
which,  originally,  threads  of  gold  and  silver  or  a  mixture 
of  these  were  introduced  to  increase  the  richness  and 
splendour  of  its  appearance.  This  name,  however,  is 
applied  to  rich  silk  stuffis,  as  satins,  tafietos,  lutestrings, 
&c.,  adorned  with  flowers  and  figures.  Satin  is  a  glossy 
silk  twill  to  which  the  soft  and  glistering  appearance  is 
given  by  rendering  a  great  number  of  the  threads  of  the 
warp  visible  in  the  process  of  weaving:  instead  of  raising 


each  half  of  the  warp  alternately,  only  a  fifth  or  an 
eighth  part  is  raised,  so  that  the  face  which  is  thtui  worm 
downwards,  presents  an  even,  close,  and  smooth  sorfiMSo. 
To  improve  its  appearance,  when  taken  out  of  the  loom, 
it  is  rolled  on  heated  cylinders  which  renders  llie  fiuse 
still  more  smooth,  and  imparts  to  it  a  more  brilliuit 
lustre.  The  smooth  and  plain  fiibrios,  as  lutestring;  gros 
de  Naples,  Persian,  ducape,  levantine,  sarBSoeA^  Ac., 
differ  from  each  other  chiefly  in  their  thk^neas  and 
quality.  Some  of  these,  however,  are  figured.  Taffirty 
is  a  fabric  of  a  wavy  lustre  imparted  by  pressure  and 
heat,  with  the  application  of  an  acidulous  liquor  which 
produces  the  effect  called  watering.  Tabby  and  tabbinota 
are  varieties  of  the  latter.  Armozeen  is  a  thick  plain  silk, 
generally  black;  used  for  clerical  and  funeral  purposes. 

Velvet  is  distinguished  by  the  soft  pile  on  its  suifiusey 
which  is  produced  by  the  insertion  of  short  pieces 
of  silk  thread  doubled  \mder  the  weft,  and  so  crowded 
together  as  entirely  to  conceal  the  interladngs  of  tlia 
warp  and  weft.  The  loops  of  the  thread  are  after- 
wards cut,  and  then  they  exhibit  the  a{^>earanoe  of  a 
brush;  the  pile  is  produced  by  the  separation  of  Uie 
threads,  and  the  application  of  machinery  to  cut  them 
smooth  and  even.  The  warp  and  pile  of  good  velvet  are 
both  composed  of  organzine  silk,  which  is  composed  of 
several  threads  of  raw  silk  twisted  or  throwi  together  in 
the  form  of  a  rope;  and  its  richness  depends  upon  the 
relative  numbers  of  its  pile  threads.  Velvets  are  said  to 
be  of  different  degrees  of  richness,  via.,  of  two,  four,  or 
six  threads,  according  to  the  number  of  pile  thz^tda 
inserted  between  each  of  the  dents  of  the  reed.  The 
velvets  of  Spitalfields  may  be  safely  compared  with 
foreign  velvets  in  fineness  and  strength,  as  well  as  in 
general  appearance. 

Ribbons,  or,  more  properly,  ribands,  are  chiefly  made 
at  Coventry,  and  have  of  late  so  much  improved  in 
manufacture,  that  our  home  producers  can  now  vie  wHh 
the  foreign.  They  partake  of  the  same  varieties  in 
general,  as  the  lai^er  silk  fiabrics;  they  are  frequently 
ornamented  with  a  pearl  edge,  which  is  formed  by 
making  some  of  the  threads  of  the  weft  project  beyond 
the  rest.  Clouding  is  an  appearance  given  to  ribbons  in 
the  dyeing.— R.  W.] 


FLAX   AND   HEMP. 


INTRODUCTION. 


■rfvl*  *■  AmloMBnt  of 


i  Ae  tktflt  material  {or  vegetaUe  textile  maniifoctiiTes  In  the  United  Eingdom  to^ 
.  .        t  of  tta  oottoB  tade.    Tba  application  <rf  oottcxi,  is  it«  preeait  extairive  d^ree,  ia  alto- 

-grtftiraB(hn';iH  ttito  matsrial  has  afaeadr.  In  manr  inalanoea,  entirely,  ana  In  otbera  in  part,  replaced  flax 
■■d  tmm  aad  *■  aotaatMlfap  b  coatinnaliv  pn»eeaing  in  freah  direotioii       " 


■  coatbnaliv  pnweeding  in  freah  direcdioiia.    Foi  manv  pnnicaea,  bowanr, 
aelfaaaprohaUeinlstirate  fiir  tbe  tptf«rialw  ocnoemed  in  tbiaClaM.    Tlia 
K  prcfxrtiei  f  for  beat)  poaaMaed  by  oOttaa  and  flax  atone  h 

'",-    -  :  .    .  .  s;:i.  ^uniiactme,wlijdi,ocnyded with Ihtjrdiftetntphyaiaal and s 

jicrtu.:,  '.'.i.L  |.ii.;^U'.  ilK'.:l\m  II  iiikrtbeiremplojnieDt  in  textile fabrioadiatuuit. 

The  ClflM  amiprchciiiU  tlie  InlknringSnMTlanM:— A.  Flax-fibre,  In  ite  nriotis  aoDdltiana,a«8.__. 

UMtacqpeil,  Hedtlcd,  &o. ;  B.  Limb  Tan  and  Thread ;  0.  Plain  linena  (rf  all  widtlu,  Bleaohed,  UuH , 

■Bd  DjMd  I  1>.  IhuuiBkii,  DiapuH,  DriUjL  and  other  Twilled  Linoia ;  X.  Cambrioa,  Ounbrio  and  linen  E^utd- 
kafcUofc,  I.a«M,  A«.  1  F.  CVnkipof  atlkindi. 

Tbe  inilinii  Mvupinl  by  tli<  >  (yeota  in  tbii  ClaM  ia  the  ExhiUtJm  BnQdlng  la  near  Oie  Weatein  SntranofL 
<at  tbavnlli  tideof  the  Nil  .,  <  i  nnd  Floor.  The  Areaa  deroted  to  Qteir  reckon  are  L.  and  U.  6  to  8,  and 
N.  and  0.4  to  6.  Od  t!i<  Nil,  Wall,  also,  in  a  teoeaa  near  the  flax  machinerf,  in  Chm  T.,  are  placed  qwci- 
meto  of  bwTv  canvss.  -nil-.'.  ;!,,  ftc,  and  !n  a  part  of  the  space  occupied  by  CUmXI.,  will  alao  be  found 
Tjri'.-i:  ■,   i„.-i'.i  -  1 1 '■■.I      ;   r.i  the  present  Class. 

A  great  varictj  of  damaaks  of  different  kinds  are  exhibited.  The  design  of  several  of  theao  represents  in  a 
ibfciUr  manner  the  succcxs  with  which  the  Jacqnard  principle  is  applieil  lo  the  ornamentation  of  fabrics  for 
The  localiliea  supplying  tbeee  and  similar  articles  are  cbicfly  Belfast,  Dunfermline,  Bamslcy, 
ter.  Some  intereating  collections  of  the  materials  used,  and  of  its  first  stages  of  preparation  for 
manabctiire,  are  likewise  shown.  The  most  ordinary  articles  such  as  sacks,  threads,  fisbiu^-ncls,  ropes,  and 
tviae^  baTe  all  a  place  of  interest  and  importance  in  this  Class.  The  heavier  descriptions  of  flax  mannfactnrca 
are  enpfiUed  chiefly  from  Dundee,  Hull,  Greenock,  and  Arbroatb.  The  machinery  necessary  to  weave  some  of 
tbeae  prodoctions,  inch  as  sail-canvas,  sacking,  &c.,  presents  a  forcible  contrast  by  the  size  and  power  of  its 
Dvta  to  the  lighto-  and  more  elegant  machines  employed  for  wearing  the  fine  cambrics  used  for  a  )>ockct-hand- 

SpecuDoni  of  articles  manufactured  from  different  kinds  of  flax  and  hemp  will  also  attract  notice,  and  illns- 
trate  the  peculiar  applicability  of  these  sorts  far  different  fabrics.  Jute,  a  fibrous  material  of  recent  introduc- 
tina  from  the  F.»st  Indiea,  is  becoming  extensively  employed,  particularly  for  carpctini;a,  sacking,  baics,  &c.,  in 
vhidi  a  fine  material  is  not  necesa^.  The  beautiful  flax  preiiared  at  Courtrai,  and  adapted  exclusively  for 
tbe  neat  delkate  fabrics,  is  empWed  in  the  manufacture  of  many  of  the  articles  exhibited.  Britisli,  Russian, 
China,  and  Manilla  hemp,  enters  mto  tbe  composition  of  others. 

In  1841,  npwarda  of  one  million  and  a  quarter  cwts.  of  flax  and  tow  were  imported  into  En^Eland  at  a  duty 
me  penny  a  cwt,,  yielding  conaeqneutly  about  5,500/.  to  the  revenne.  The  flax  factories  in  the  Unitea 
Kinfjdom  are  of  great  mze  and  importance,  and  employ  a  lar^e  number  of  opemtives  in  direct  or  indirect  con- 
neiioD  with  thnn.  If  it  should  become  pOMible  to  obt^n  cheaply  an  adequate  supply  of  flax  of  home  ])roduc- 
1,  and  of  tbe  fit  quality  for  the  purpoees  of  the  spinner,  the  dependency  of  this  country  upoa  the  East  and 
mica  for  oottoD  as  a  textile  material  would  be  greatly  lessened,  and  an  important  field  of  commercial  activity 
would  be  laid  open  at  our  oivn  doom.  But  the  properties  of  flax,  and  the  tedious  proces'Ksneo.-ssary  for  its  pK|n- 
ntion.  have  hitherto  proveil  an  obstacle  to  its  more  extensive  employment.  A  variety  of  ex]>eriments  on  this 
mbject  art  however  in  progress,  the  ultimate  result  of  which  can  scarcely  be  foreseen ;  and  it  appears  already  to 
bara  beoi  proved  by  actual  trial  that  this  fibre  can,  aflcr  preparation,  be  applied  to  the  ordinary  mnchincr}'  of 
tbe  cnttcn-mill,  yam  having  been  spun  up  to  moderate  numbers  from  flax  thus  prepared.  Until  recently  flax 
mltiTBtioa  has  scarcely  been  fairlv  attempted  ;  but  it  seems  probable  that  in  a  short  time  extensive,  and  it 
may  1«  hoped  snoceasfnl,  trials  will  be  made  to  supply  this  country  with  a  manufacturing  material  so  intnniri- 
cally  Talnable.— R.  E. 


610 


Class  14.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  6  to  8. 


[U: 


1  HoLDEN,  John,  &  Co.,  Belfast,  Ireland — ^Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 
Sewed  book  muslin,  jaconet  and  book  frill  collars; 
sewed  book  capes.  Ladies'  caps,  tamboured.  Infants* 
caps,  sewed  cambric,  and  sewed  book.  Infants'  frock 
bodies.  Fancy  habits.  Infants'  robes.  Chemisettes. 
Cambric  and  book  insertion.  Cambric  and  book  edp^ngs. 
Sowed  book  sleeves  and  flouncings.  Sewed  cambric 
flouncings.    Linen  cambric  handkerchiefs.    Polka  jackets. 

2  Bbowns,  John  R.  &  Whuam,  Baivjor,  County  Down, 

Ireland — ^Manuf^turers. 
Lady's  robe,  and  baby's  robe,  embroidered  muslin. 

3  Dufferin's,  Lord,  School,  Bdfast — Producer. 
Embroidered  handkerchiefs,  worked  by  jKjasant  girls. 


4  Pelijng,  Charles,  81  Academy  Street,  Belfast,  Ireland 
— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Ladies'  embroidered  muslin  robe,  designed  by  M. 
M'Elinsie,  Belfast. 

Irish  cambric  ornamented  gentlemen's  shirt  fronts. 


5  Andrews,  Michael,  Royal  Manufactory  of  Linen  and 
Damask,  Ardoyne,  Belfast,  Ireland — Mimufacturer. 

Table  cloth  of  new  pattern,  to  be  presented  to  the  Earl 
of  Clarendon  by  the  Royal  Society  for  the  promotion  and 
improvement  of  the  growth  of  flax  in  Ireland.  The 
centre  represents  the  star  of  the  Order  of  the  Garter, 
in  a  union  garland  of  rose,  shamrock  and  thistle,  inter- 
spersed with  flax,  and  surrounded  by  the  jewels  of  the 
Order  of  the  Bath  and  St.  Patrick,  with  Irish  harps  in 
shamrock  wreaths.  At  each  end  is  a  presentation  piece 
frt>m  the  Royal  Flax  Society,  Belfast,  1851,  on  a  group 
of  shamrock  and  flax,  surrounded  by  the  Clarendon  arms, 
incorporating  the  collar  and  jewel  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Patrick,  with  the  motto  and  jewel  of  the  Order  of  the 
Garter.  The  border  exhibits  a  rich  collection  of  flowers, 
drawn  from  nature.  The  ground  consists  of  four  large 
amaryllids  around  each  representation  of  the  arms,  with 
small  sprigs  of  shamrock  and  flag  intertwined,  &c. 

Table  cloth  of  new  pattern,  designed  by  John  Macken- 
zie, Government  School  of  Design.  The  centre  consists 
of  a  rustic  stump  and  basket  of  rich  flowers,  resting  on  a 
group  of  flowers  at  the  base,  and  supported  by  an  Arum 
and  a  Strelitzia,  surrounded  by  alight  wreath  of  flowers, 
chiefly  climbers,  and  a  g^und  harmonizing  in  same  style. 
The  border  represents  a  rich  scroll,  each  compartment 
terminating  with  distinct  flowers.  The  comers  represent 
the  rhododendron  in  flower,  the  end  and  side  the  centres 
of  flowers.  The  margin  represents  the  hearts-ease,  on 
leaves  of  the  same. 

Table-cloth,  extra  double  damask,  with  arms  of  Gold- 
smiths' Company  of  London  for  centre,  flowers  with  sprigs 
filling,  in  a  scroll  and  flower  border. 

Table-cloth,  extra  double  damask,  with  arms  of  Baron 
Rothschild  for  centre,  surrounded  by  various  sprigs,  and 
border  of  flowers. 

Table-cloth,  extra  double  damask,  with  arms  of  Mr. 
Wheble  for  centre,  surrounded  with  sprigs,  and  encircled 
by  two  flowing  scroll  borders. 

Table-cloth,  extra  double  damask,  being  pattern  of  a 
rich  table  service  of  various  lengths,  maniifactured  fur 
Her  Majesty's  62nd  Regiment  of  Foot,  showing  the  num- 
ber in  a  large  star,  surrounded  by  a  flowing  riband  con- 
taining the  names  of  the  battles  in  which  this  regiment 
obtained  honours,  with  sprigs,  the  whole  enclosed  by  a 
border  of  oak  and  laurel  intertwined. 

Piece  of  extra  double  damask,  containing  twenty-four 
doyleys,  being  six  difierent  patterns  and  four  doyleys  of 
each  {Nittem. 

All  in  an  unbleached  state  as  they  come  from  the  loom. 


G      Bell,  Thobias,  &  Co.,  Bellciew,  Lurgan,  Belfast — 

Manufacturers. 
Samples  of  cambric  bordered  handorchie£By  clear  lawn, 
and  plain  cambric. 


7  Richardson,  Sons,  &  Owden,  Bdfast,  Ireland-^ 

Miemufacturers. 

Double  damask  table-cloths,  with  border,  roses, 
rocks,  and  thistles,  Irish  wolf-dog  and  harp;  comer- 
piece,  shield  of  oak  leaves,  flags,  anchors,  and  a  doTS 
encircled  in  palm  wreaths  with  olive  branch;  side  rango, 
tray-scroll,  Prince  of  Wales's  feathers,  in  oak  wreath;  and 
centre  range,  a  temple,  British  royal  arms,  vase  of  floweny 
&c.  Designed  by  William  John  Magee,  Lisbume,  Ireland. 

Double  damask  cloth.  Samples  of  Irish  linens,  ranging 
from  a  coarse  quality  to  the  finest ;  of  light  linens, 
ornamented  for  the  export  trade;  and  heavy  linen,  in  the 
brown  state.  

8  Fletcher,  Alexander,  Glasgow — ^Manu&ctorer. 
Various  patent  linen  threads. 

9  Leadbetter,  John,  &  Co.,  Belfast,  Ireland — 

Manufacturers. 
Linen  drill,  brown,  bleached,  and  dyed.     Fancy  drill, 
plain  checks  and  stripes,  all  linen,  and  mixed.     Linen 
creas,  platillas,  and  hollands,  brown  and  dyed. 

10  Kirk,  Whliam,  &  Son,  Annvale,  near  Keady, 

Ireland — ^Manufacturer. 
Rough  brown  linen.     Brown,  natural  drab,  dyed  dnJi, 
slate,  and  black  linen  hollands.    Bleached  linen  diapers; 
lining,  family,  and  fronting  linens;  and  unions. 

11  Bennett  &  Adams,  Coleraine,  Ireland — MAnnfimturinL 
Fine  linen.         

12  Adams,  Jane,  Strabanc,  /reAnu^Manufacturer. 
Nccdle-work  scarf,  apron,  collar,  and  cufis,  made  of 

linen  yam,  in  imitation  of  lace. 

13  Crawford  &  Lindsays,  3  Laurence  Lane,  CMeapndi 

— Manufacturers  and  Bleachers. 
Specimens  of  white  and  brown  linen  sheeting;  ^**nfyTlr 
table  linen,  &c. 

14  Carson,  R.,  Bandalstown,  Belfast — Manu£M!turer. 
Woad,  bleached,  and  unbleached  linens. 

15  PiNKERTON,  James  &  Robert,  Ballymoney,  Ireland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Fine  linens. 

16  Hennino,  John,  Cambray  House,  Waringstawnf 
Banftridije,  Comity  Down,  Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Samples  of  handkerchiefiB;  linen  cambric;  "silken 
flax;"  ''golden  flax;"  Irish  cambric  hem-stitdied;  em- 
broidered ;  and  with  printed  borders. 

Printed  linen  cambric  dresses;  and  lawns,  straw  colour; 
shirt  frontings;  satin  damasks,  bleached;  napkins;  double 
satin  damasks,  grey  warp,  white  weft^  and  slips;  satin 
damask  gold  and  white  dessert  cloths;  gold  and  puiple, 
and  other  coloured  table  covers. 

Damask  coronation  cloth,  manuBsuitured  in  Warii^s- 
town,  in  1717;  sketch  of  the  cloth,  to  show  the  pattern; 
piece  of  brown  cambric. 

Satin  damasks,  butterfly  pattern,  scroll  border,  Poti- 
land  vase,  scroll  border  and  fancy  centre. 

Reed  for  weaving  cambric,  5,000  splits  to  the  yard; 
manufactured  by  Marmaduke  Carmichael,  Lurgan. 

Handkerchiefs  from  China  grass. 

Cambric  loom;  damask  loom;  machine  for  weaving 
damask,  or  other  figured  fabrics,  on  the  Jacquard  prin- 
ciple.   

17  Brown,  John,  &Son8,  Waringstovn,  Banbridye,  Ireiamd 

— Manufacturers. 
Double   damask    napkins   and   table  oloths,  yarions 
patterns.     Unbleached  damask. 

18  Sadler,  Fenton,  &  Co.,  Belfast,  Ireland^ 

Manufacturers. 
Samples  of  Irish  flax  seed.     1.  Flax  plant,  fullv  ripe. 
2.  Scutched,  or  the  woody  part  removed.    3.  Heckled,  or 
prepaid  for  spinning ;  and  4.  Mill-spun  and  hand-spun 
yam. 


KI3CCD0M.] 


Class  14.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  O.  6  to  8. 


511 


Specimens  of  Btrong  medium,  and  light  brown  Irish 
linen;  and  various  otner  kinds.  Also  fronting,  medium, 
light,  and  slate  linen.  Linen  and  brown  sheeting.  Irish 
linen  creas.  Linen  brittanias.  Estopillas.  Linen  silesias 
and  plarillas     White,  brown,  and  slate  linen  drills. 

19  M'Cat,  Tboxab,  Lisnaahanker,  Dnmore,  Ireland — 

Manufacturer. 
Bleadied  linen,  from  hand-spun  and  mill-spun  yam. 
Brown  linen-warp,  mill-spun;  weft,  hand  spun.     Linen 
moaqoito  nettings,  all  mill-spun  yam. 

20  CLlBW>lt!f,  Hux,  &  Co.,  Banbridge,  Irehxnd — 

Manu&cturers  and  Bleachers. 
" Bird's-eye*'  diapers,  manufactured  from    the  best 
quality  of  Imen  yam« 


21  RlOLUUMOX,  J.  &  T.,  &  Co.,  Springfield,  Lurgan, 

Ireland — Hanufiikcturers. 
Irish  cambric  handkerchiefs,  plain,  hem-stitched,  printed, 
and  wreathed.       

22  Maixx>L3C,  James,  Lurgan,  Ireland — Manufacturer. 

Linen  cambric,  clear  lawn,  and  hem-stitched  handker- 
chiefs. Shirt  frontings.  Lawns.  Handkerchiefs  of  fine 
handspnn  yam,  70  hanks  to  the  pound. 


23  Rififfsmiwioy  &  Co.,  Li^um,  Ireland — ^Manufacturers. 
Samples  of  Irish  linen. 


24  CoKBT,  Blauc,  k  Co.,  Belfast,  Ireland— Deaigaen 

and  Manufacturers. 

New  damask  table-cloths.  The  ornaments  are  raised 
so  as  to  hare  the  appearance  of  being  embossed,  rather 
than  woTcn.  The  designs  are  imitation  of  foliage  and 
fli>wers;  and  scroll  border,  the  centre  a  Medici  yaso,  en- 
cireled  with  foliage  and  flowers.  Specimens  of  double 
damask  tray -cloths. 

Specimens  of  steam-power  loom  manufacture;  applied 
to  damask  table  linen.  Damask  table-cloths,  various 
designs.     Samples  of  linen  damask  vcstings. 

iVijcil  "k^^tch,  intended  for  a  desij^  for  a  tiible-cloth. 
T  -••  "*-'Pirr  C"^iwii«t.s  of  rheum  leaves,  wild  foliage,  floweiv*, 
*ji  I  ^TA!*.-**;*,  bK'Qde<i  tojjfether;  the  mi<idle  a  number  of 
tT"  ip*  *'{  llowers,  i«o  iUTauge<l  a«  to  give  a  brief  history 
•  ji  the  1  ail  linage  of  flowefj*)  of  Her  MajeHty  the  Queen, 
}{  K.H.  rriiicf  Alljert,  and  the  Great  Industrial  Kxhibi- 
t. 'Ti.  the  rcntre  a  large  group,  rei>re»enting  the  principal 
artitiirj*  i^f  commerce. 


2'*   M'MCRRAV.  Th0MA.«»,  &  Co.,  f)ronyn-e,  Co'fufif  Dvirn, 
/rr/«/M//— >LiJiufacturei>i  and  Bleachers. 
Bleached  ari<l  \mhle«u.hed  linen. 

2»»      KiNSis,  W.,  IniiijVnutinp,  Si'ntland — Manufivcturer. 

I  >&iii.ftrk  table -cloth,  niiule  of  mill-8pun  tliix  yam;  the 
jaittem  i*»  a  combination  of  plants,  flowers,  an<l  onia- 
Vi4rTiiA  iu  both  b<jrder  and  centre,  with  flower-sprigs 
r-.'ind  the  centre.  Damask  table-cloth,  pattern  the 
irr^i*:  viije.     Another  in  the  Watte;iu  style. 

iJjLniJUik  table-cloth,  with  centre,  a  va^c  of  fniit  and 
r>r7iMntTUtJ»},  from  which  arises  a  va^c  of  flowers;  juid 
If^nler.  ^ariouii  phuitit  and  flower-sprigs.  Othera  in 
U'/tliX-  and  <f«:nu;ui  styles. 

i'AJiL.vk  table-cIot!i  ma^le  of  yjinis  pro(luce<l  by  Messrs. 
M^rxhaJl  Sc  Co.,  ttiUt-spinners,  Leeds,  from  China  gi'iws, 
J-fi:ur  a  new  api^Iication  of  this  mat^jrial,  with  i)atteni 
#l:uc  .It  thit  of  the  first  article.  Another,  also  of  Cliina 
vATUs  with  niniiing  pattern. 


^  • 


1'7 


niaaM.L.  David,  /'■■■h/fnuHnr,  .^;'jtliiuf— 
iLinuf.icturer. 
T.»'-!c  <I»th  d''j»ign — a  mo'laliion  bunt  of  Her  M.«j«  sty 
t'l*    K^»'^'i.   !*virrountied  with  (lot hie  ornament,   ami  the 
***!♦•((»•   of   the  orders   of  the  Oarter,    the   Thistle,    and 
>>♦.  pAtrick  -nuwle  of  fine  Flemish  flax  yarn ;  of  new  fa>»ric 
a£^i  t»-ill,  rmitaining  *jy<»  threiids  upon  the  inch  of  clotli. 
Tftble  cloth  <l»^ign — group  of  flowers  and  bij-ds,  with 
Uoler.  mi^lti  uf  line  flax  yarn. 


Table-cover  design — emblem  and  motto  of  the  Church 
of  Scotland,  the  burning  bush,  ''  Nee  tamen  consume- 
batur."  Made  with  blue  silk  on  fine  flax  yam.  All  ma- 
nufactured by  the  exhibitor. 

28        Hunt,  W.,  &  Son,  Dunfermline,  Scotland — 

Manufactiu^rs. 

Double-damask  linen  table-cloth,  manufactured  for  the 
service  of  the  Queen.  Design,  deer  stalking  and  Highland 
trophies,  with  a  view  of  Balmoral  Castle  in  tlie  centre. 
Linen  and  silk  wefted  show-cloth,  of  the  same  design. 

Double-damask  linen  table-cloth ;  design,  union  centre, 
with  scroll  border.  Linen  and  silk  w^efted  show-cloth  of 
the  same  design. 

Three  double-damask  linen  table-cloths;  designs,  aco- 
nitum  centre  and  garland;  fruit  centre  and  lily  border; 
and  hydrangea  garland. 

Four  double-damask  linen  table-napkins;  designs,  Bal- 
moral Castle,  &c. ;  aconitvun  centre,  &c.;  fruit  centre 
and  lily  border;  hydrangea  garland. 


29  Beveridce,  E.,  Ihmfennline,  Scotland — Manufacturer. 
(Agent  in  London,  W.  Manvell,  12  Bow  Churchyard.) 

Table  cloths,  bleached  linen,  brown  and  white  linen, 
and  extra  satin,  double  and  single  damask,  Gothic,  ar- 
abesque, and  other  designs. 

Dinner  napkins  and  doyleys,  bleached  linen,  and 
brown  and  white.  Table  cloths  and  dinner  napkins,  silk 
and  linen.  Tray  tea  napkins,  bleached  linen,  single  and 
double  damask. 

Nursery  and  towelling  diapers,  various  qualities. 

Stair  carpeting  and  crumb  or  floor  cloths,  linen  damask, 
and  tapesti^. 

Table  covers,  coloured  damask  cotton,  cotton  and 
worsted  mixed.  Victoria  covers,  coloured  cotton  and 
wool  damask.  Table  covers,  merino  (all  wool),  and  co- 
loured silk  and  wool,  double  damask.  Table  covers, 
three-coloured  brocade,  and  coloured  tapestry. 

30  Sadler,  S.,  Ironmonger  Lane,  Chcapside — Producer. 
Specimens  of  fine  linen  and  cambric. 

31  WiLKS.  J.,  14 &  15  Ifrr.ul  Stmt,  ChcipsUc— Producer. 
Si>ecimeuB  of  linen. 

32  Rogers  &WuoK,  l.>^  Chenpsufc — Producers. 
Scotch  embroidered  handkerchief,  sunk  on  Fi'ench  lawn. 

34  Devas,  M.  T.,  Mincheneu,  &  Koutledge,  24  Laicraice 

Lane —  Proprietors. 
Group  of  damask  table  linen,  exhibited  for  quality  and 
cheapness. 

35  l.^EWAR  Sc  Sons,  Kimjs  Anns  JhiiUlnj!^,  yWxjd  Street — 

Proprietors. 

Silk  and  linen  table  cloth ;  in  the  centre,  enclosed  in  the 
figure  of  a  star,  is  Fame  crowning  Industry,  the  whole  sur- 
rounded by  a  garland  of  flowei-s;  in  the  corner  of  the  bor- 
der is  the  figure  of  Justice,  encircled  by  a  garland  of  flowers 
an<l  omamentiU  scroll-work.  In  the  centre  of  the  border, 
within  a  gjuland  of  flowers,  is  the  figure  of  Commerce, 
holding  in  one  hand  a  palm  branch  (peace),  and  in  the 
other  two  wrejiths,  to  crown  tnule  by  land  and  sea,  as 
exhibited  on  Ciu^h  side  of  the  figure.  The  wliole  renting 
on  a  gi-ound  of  ornamental  scroll-work.  Bleached  linen 
tid)le-cloth,  the  same  j»attern. 

Silk  and  linen  tiible-cloth.  flower  border,  trees  and  stiig 
in  the  centre;  and  sidc-cb^th  to  c«)rrespond.  Bleached 
Imeu  t;ible-cl«jth,  same  j>att^ni.  Silk  and  Tnun  Com- 
munion napkin.      Linen  aii<l  silk  an«l  linen  t^ible -cloths. 

Mjuuifacture<l  by  William  Kinnis,  and  designed  by 
James  Balfour,  I)unfermlin«',  Scotland. 

;;()  Cautkr  BnoTiiKus  ;  Canti  k,  Josk.imi  ;  Jackson  Sc 
Matthkwman  ;  Ki.FrrciiKU,  Henry  T.  ;  Hat- 
TKUSLKY,  Parkinson,  it  Co. ;  pK.oTT^'t  Nkn^ton; 
and  Hax\>ortii  k  Cauni.ky,  />on-An — Manu- 
facturer-'. 
IJleached  linen  dowlif.^es  an«l  pillow  linen.      Yam  an«l 

piece   bleache.l  sheeting.-.      Grey  ;uid  bleached   pudding- 


[Official  Illustrated  Cataixx:i'e.] 


•J  S 


612 


Class  14.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  6  to  8. 


•"Ukitkd 


cloths.  Bleached  butter  and  tea-cloths.  Grey  and 
bleached  kitchen  rubbers.  Plain  and  checked  glaas-cloths. 
(>^Bter  cloths.     Twilled  dusters. 

Tarn  bleached  and  blue  ducks.  Bleached  militaiy 
and  checked  fancy  ducks.  Black  ducks  and  drills. 
Natural  coloured  and  fancy  blouse  hoUands.  Grey  roller, 
half-bleached  and  full-bleached  towellings.  Black  and 
drab  shanking  cloth.  Pudding  canvasses.  Horse  ban- 
danges.  Linen  stripes  and  checks.  Checked  dusters  and 
drills.  Saddlers'  checks.  Purse  canvas.  "White  and 
grey  cheese  strainers.     Screen  cloths. 

Loom  and  bleached  medium  huckabacks.  Loom  and 
bleached  medical  rubbers.  Grey  Baden  Badens.  "Elec- 
tric "  rubbers. 

Tape  and  damask -bordered  huckaback  towels.  Wim- 
boume  towels.     Table  huckabacks. 

Grey  and  bleached  table  diapers.  Clouting,  nursery, 
and  towelling  diapers.  Grey  and  white,  blue  and  white, 
and  bleached  pinafore  diapers.     Drabbetts. 

Grey  and  white  and  bleached  damasks.  Damask  dinner 
napkins,  tray  cloths,  and  aprons.  Stair  diaper  and 
damask  carpets.  T^^dlled  stair  carpets.  Damask  and 
twilled  crumb  cloths. 

Grey  and  "cream"  bed  ticks.  Blue  and  white  bed 
ticks.  Blue  and  white  mattress  stripes.  Blind  and 
marquee  ticks.     Crankies. 

37  Tee,  Charles,  &  Son,  Banislcy — Designers  and 

Manufiau^turers. 
Bleached,  natural  coloured,  and  fancy  linen  drills. 
Dyed  plain  linen  and  silk  and  linen  vestings.  Fancy 
vesting  fabrics,  mixed  material.  Plain  and  fancy  fabric 
for  dresses.  Bleached  toilet-cover  fabric.  Linen  saddle 
rug.     Printed  linen  and  cotton  yarns. 

38  Walton  &  Co.,  fCnircftborotPjh — Manufacturers. 

Bleached  linen  sheeting,  woven  in  hand-loom,  and  of 
considemble  width  and  fineness.  Linen-duck  sheeting. 
Oiiginal  Knaresborough  linen.  Brown  linen  tick.  Heavy 
water-t^^-ist  cotton  sheeting.  Blue  linen  check.  Linen 
huckaback  for  towels.  Medical  rubbers. — All  made  by 
hand-loom.  

39  HiBBi-^T,  Thomas,  Knaresltoroujh — Manufacturer. 

Linen  diaper  table-cloth.  Pieces  of  table-napkins  and 
pocket-handkei'chiefs. — All  made  by  hand-loom. 

40  Emshall,  George,  Knaresborough — Manufacturer. 
Linen-duck  shooting.     Linen  shirt  without  seam. 

41  Leeming,  James,  Knaresborowjh — Manufacturer. 
Linen  for  shirting.     Blue  and   white  ticking.     Linen 

chemise,  woven  without  seam. — AH  made  by  hand-loom. 

42  WiLFORD,  John,  &  Sons,  Jinmpton,  near  Northallcrion 

— ^Manufacturei-s. 

Piece  of  bleached  sheeting,  made  from  China  grass; 
it  possesses  lustre,  strength,  and  durability.  Specimens 
of  whito  linen  drills  for  military  trousers;  combining 
closeness  and  smoothness  of  surface  with  durability. 

New  fabrics. — "Commodore,"  piece  of  white  linen 
drill,  for  naval  and  boating  trousers;  and  "Wellington," 
piece  of  white  linen  drill  for  military  trousers.  A  range 
of  patter  as  of  various  qualities  of  brown  and  white  linen 
drills. 

43  Pegler,  Charles,  Leah — Manufacturer. 

Double  damask  table-cloth,  in  the  brown  state,  with 
the  anus  of  the  Earl  of  Harewood;  double  dama»k  table- 
cloth, arms  of  the  Royal  Horse  Guards;  napkins;  bor- 
dere<l  linen  sheets.  • 

Communion  cloth,  design  the  Last  Supper,  and  other 
appropriate  emblems;  double  damask  table-cloth,  eques- 
trian statue  of  thfl  Duke  of  Wellington. 

44  Hayward,  R.,  &  Sons,  West  Chhnwch,  and  03  Afinorics, 

London —  >Ianufacturer8. 
Canvas  for  shiiw'  sails,  well  kno'wn  as  "Coker  canvas." 
Twines,  used  for  sewing  sails. 


45  Row,  J.,  Crewkeme — Mamifiicturer. 
Sail-cloth;    and    towelling,   called    medical   rubbers; 

manufactured  from  flax  g^wn  in  the  immediate  neigh- 
bourhood. 

46  Poole,  James  &  Charles,  South  Petherton — 

Manufacturers. 
Canvas  for  ship  sails,  made  from  foreign  flax,  and  from 
English  flax.     Canvas  for  yacht  sails,  made  from  ^Z«gl<"h 
flax.     Seaming  twine,  made  from  English  flax. 


47    Withey  &  Smith,  North  Perrott,  near  Crewkeme, 

Somerset — Manufacturers. 
Fiuicy  and  other  twines  of  various  ooloursy  made  of 
flax,  hemp,  and  cotton,  used  for  crochet  knitting,  nettings 
carpet  and  silk  weaving,  and  a  variety  of  other  purposes. 


48  Finlayson,  BousFiELD,  &  Co.,  Glasgow  andJohnstcne 

— Manufacturers. 
Patent  linen  thread,  common  and  satin  finish,  colom^ed 
both  in  black,   dark  blue,  white-brown,  and  all  fancy 
coloiu^,  in  best  and  second  quality,  for  tailoring  purposes. 

49  Morrison  6c  Hurn,  25  Norton  Fohjatc — 

Manufacturers. 

liope,  line,  and  twine,  of  all  sizes,  and  qualities,  suited 
to  every  purpose. 

Model  marquee,  flags,  rick -cloth,  horse  clothing. 

Suit  of  horse  nets,  sheep  netting,  hare  and  rabbit  net- 
ting, portable  bow  net,  dnim  net,  casting  net. 

New  portable  fire  escape. 

Bed  sacking,  cocoa-fibre  matting. 

Snake,  brush,  double  thrumb,  and  femcy  borderBd 
cocoa-fibre  mats. 

Com,  flour,  and  malt  sacks. 

Waterproof  cloth  for  railway  trucks,  waggons,  carts, 
drills,  &c.    All  patented. 

50  Houghton,  Sarah,  Ashfard — Manufacturer. 

Superfine  double  damask  table-cloths  and  m^tkins, 
Kent  arms  centre,  and  basket  centre. 


50a    Schwann,  Frederick,  Ifuddcrsfield  and  Jjceds-^ 

Pi*oprietor. 

Samples  of  Nos.  70,  8^,  and  100  leas  line-yam,  A  qua- 
lity, made  from  iVench  flax. 

Samples  of  Nos.  25,  30,  40,  and  50  leas  line-yam, 
D  quality,  from  Dutch  flax. 

Siim])les  of  Nos.  18,  25,  35,  45,  and  70  leas  line-yam, 
E  quality,  also  from  Dutch  flax. 

Samples  of  Nos.  10,  20,  30,  50,  and  70  leas  line-yam, 
G  quality,  from  Russian  flax. 

Siimples  of  Nos.  20,  25,  40,  50,  60,  70,  and  80  lees 
Une-yam,  J  quality,  from  Russian  flax. 

Samples  of  Nos.  30  and  35  leas  line-yam,  K  quality, 
from  Russian  flax. 

Samples  of  Nos.  25,  30,  and  45  leas  line-flax,  slack 
four-thread,  second  quality,  from  Russian  flax. 

Bunch  containing  samples  of  Nos.  20,  30,  40,  and  50 
leas  line-yam,  slack  twist,  third  quality,  made  fnnn 
Russian  flax. 

Bunch  containing  samples  of  Nos.  18,  30,  50,  and  70 
tow,  ()  quality,  from  French  flax;  and  of  Nos.  25  and  35, 
from  Dutch  flax. 


51  TiTLinr,  Tathax,  &  Walker,  Leeds — ^Manufiu^urera. 
Patent  linen  sewing  threads.     Superior  patent  satin 

finish,  or  polished  sewing  threa<ls. 
Shoe  threads,  closing  and  stitching  flaxes  or  lines. 

52  GRiimiAW  &  Wilkinson,  13  Bridtje  End,  Leeds — 

Manufacturers. 

Oilc<l  cloths  and  sack  covers. 


53      HoLDSWOBTH  &  Co.,  Leeils — Manu&cturers. 

Linen  thread,  i>atent  soft  satin -finish^  and  old  finiah; 
linen  shoe  thread,  grey  and  finisUod. 


Ci^M  1*.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Arras  L.  M.  N.  0.  6  to  8. 


M  £UwBi^  E.  H.,  Sixrfiir,  h 


r  r™™— Mumlacturer. 


being  lighter  and  linger  than  RuHiui  liemp  rope. 
Shroud-Uid  rope,  for  maridmo  purposoe,  maau&ctiired 
(him  Suinui  ur  Puliali  hetnp.  Rope,  fur  reef-paiuts  in 
■,  he,  Duumfnctursd   from  Hanilia  bemp,  Hnd  froi 


&5     Dat,  Jomd,  MarM  Street,  O^ybnj— Manufacturer. 
Church  b«ll-r»pea. 


56       TuTca,  Hkxbt,  AbingitoH — Hanu&cturer  uid 
Dangner. 
Twilled,  ebaqnerad,  nuh,  and  Mudlla  matting,  for  halla, 
ofloca,  Ac.;  each  piece  varied.     Cocoa-iiut  and  Manilla 
maHing;  Baey  eoeea-nut  matting;  Buperior  jute  carpeting. 


LooutBT,  Ni* 


lUM,  &  Sons,  Kirkaldy,  Scotlamt 
— Manu  facturcirs. 

Tan  feather-bed  tick,  made  oDtire];  from  Bai  and 
bkdigo^yed.  Feather-bed  tick,  of  tlio  aama  Hud,  but 
olndcivd. 

Bleached  diaper  bedroom  totrela,  made  from  the  best 
flax  jma;  fringed  and  plain. 

Doable  huckaback,  uaed  priDcipallj  for  bntli  and  rough 
bad-room  towslii  numnlactured  from  double  yanu. 

Four,  flre,  and  nx-buihel  bag*,  gsQerall;  used  for 
bolding  flour,  grain,  potatoei,  ke. ;  manufactured  eo- 
tirelj  from  tow:  the  namea  of  the  owdctb  ore  printed  on 
them  with  oil  paint,  b;  a  printing-pren  made  for  the 

5Ta      Falmoctb  LcKuii  Comhittek — Pruducen. 

:.?<    WeVTm,  Robekt,  Kiik-<H-i.  .';.•«( /..a//— Manufacturer. 
ir-tr>sulle  bed-tick,  iiiade  eutirely  of  Hhx 


u<.     Taken  from  utock. 

jEnacT.    ROBEKT,  .' 


Hill. 


Manufactur 
Tuioni  Mmplee  of  buck,  ilowlaa,  ticks,  lit 
diajffr,  buck  and  lotill  diutent,  blue  linua,  k 


:   Kirk  <l' 


lil'i  JAScmN  &  <'n..  Hill-  Importers  and 

MiusufHctureni. 

Hemp  and  flu  from  Kiiwia,  nud  jute  from  the  Eaut 

Intiai,  IB  the  raw  and  untlrciuud  *tate  a»  imported,  anil 

in  MiBRtl  KtageH  of  uiauufacture.     Yun  aud  canvaa  from 

'  ached,  incliiiling  ahip'a  uilcloth,  pi 


•I  1* 


rn>m 


*aSj<fU -covering,  &< 
f-.I  Haix,  Joi 


n  th< 


ing  ahipa  uilcloth,  pro- 
lu  ■' b(iit,"  wiol-alieeting 
bed-aiicking,    rulway 
^uJitiui. 


Manufiictun. 
Sunplaicof  patent  m.t'Ie  ctir'l.iU' 
aad  'if  |>«tcDt  luadv  cordage  fri>iii  Mj 

ri  Sf  IVEK  ft  GOOPEM,    /M/--! 

lUwnt  crdagi-  f  .r  the  u.-«  of  mil 
minw    ukI  o-llienex,  the  w\>«.\v    fi 


,  k  Co..  If-ll.  Yort^hC-e— 


ny  and  ntvitiu  vhiicU. 
ihcrieK,  lUi'l  dcep-aci 


i;:i        The  Dir.iDEE  I,ocil  Chimitteb,  StutUn-l 
r™iucer*. 
l/toiii.   nr  yam  Mewbeil,    ".il    piece*   of  2'>, 


iheetiog,  40  inch ;  2  pieces  of  cleared,  or  gmas  bleached 
(5  inch  eragueiaa  ;  5  of  30  inch  creas ;  1  of  311  inch  pm- 
nanto.  21  piecoa  of  brown,  cream,  and  white  20  inch 
wnvAB  padding: — nuuiu&ctured  hj  Jamea  Smeatou  aod 
Son,  Dundee. 

2  pieces  of  27  inch  bleuohed  duck.      10  piecoa  of 
inch  oresm  Runma  eheatinga.     4  pieces  of  4U  inch 
ipod  and  checked  Russia  sheetinge  : — mnnufactured  by 
J.  and  A.  Laing,  Dundee. 

Twelve  pieces  of  light  and  heavy  loom  dowlas.  29  and 
30  inch.  4  pieces  of  haayy  loom  sheeting,  38  and  00 
inch.  16  pieces  of  3-4th  heavy  loom  nud  bleached  huck- 
aback. 10  pieces  of  bleached  imperial  ducks  and  militjiry 
drills,  S7  inch.  12  piecee  of  bleached  dowlas,  30  and  US 
inch.  5  piocaa  of  bleached  pillow  linen,  40  inch.  5  piece* 
of6-4tlu,  lO-ths.  ll-4thsand  12-4ths  bleached  sheetings. 
3  pieces  of  bleached  Russia  diaper,  2'i  inch;  4  pieces  of 
bird's  eye  diaper,  2ii  inch;  6  piecee  of  clouting  diaper, 
4-4ths;  13  pieces  of  dice  and  bamees  diaper,  H-4thB.  4 
pieces  of  broirn  and  bleached  window  lineu,  42  inch: — 
maniibctured  by  Alexander  Lawson,  King's  Kettle. 

Six  pieces  of  common  blenched  canvas,  Nob.  1  and  6. 
6  pioces  24  inch  tailor's  padding  canvas: — manufactured 
by  John  Uori,  Dundes. 

Five  pieces  of  40,  4,>,  hi,  and  60  inch  Hessian,  or 
packing  canvas.  10  piecea  .^1,  54,  and  SO  inch  striped 
bedding.  1  piece  of  30  inch  bad  tick.  5  pieces  of  24, 
27,  and  36  inch  had  sacking.  1  piece  of  24  inch  padding 
canvas: — manufactured  by  Cox  BroChere,  Dundee. 

Three  piecee  of  27  inch  flour  sacking.  4  pieces  of  2T 
inch  coal  sacking.  4  pieces  of  27  and  2!J  Inch  corn 
sacking.  1  piece  of  26  inch  striped  jute  sacking.  S 
pieces  of  navy  canvas,  Nos.  1  and  6; — manufactured  by 
Aleinnder  Easson,  Dundee. 

Two  pieces  of  3R  inch  jute  carpeting.  1  piece  of  3S 
inch  matting,  made  from  Manilla  fibre.  1  piece  of  HB  inch 
matting,  made  from  coir  and  Manilla  fibre: — manufac- 
tured by  Jamoa  Neish,  Dundee. 

Eight  piecea  of  OsnsbergB,  manufactured  by  Don 
Brothers  nud  Co.,  Dundee. 

Ten  pieeofl  or4-4th  brown  sheeting; — manufactured  by 
W.  nud  Joliu  IJoii  finil  Co.,  Forfar. 

'Hirco  piece-  of  heavy  floor-cloth,  2  to  ;i  yards  in 
width: — inrtuufiictiiroii  l)y  Tlionioa  Boll,  Dundee. 

Two  piecci  of  a-tths  jnte  stair  carpeting.  4  pieces 
of  jute  utiir  carpeting.  1  piocu  of  30  inch  tirpnuling  tow- 
wiirji,  jiilo  weft.  1  piiKB  of  27  inch  jute  bod  siickiug. 
2  piecoa  of  42  inch  cotton,  or  coffee  bacKiug.  I  piece 
of  :14  inch  double  hop  p'Kkoting: — Diauufitctured  by 
Aleiiiudor  ,1.  \ViU\ler.,  Dundee. 

Four  pieces  nf  Til  inch  xtrong  bml  tick.  2  pieces  of  40 
and  4ri  inch  twilled  Hhectiug:— uiauufactured  by  Jnnies 
Brown,  Dundee. 

Fifty  pieces  of  striped  and  cbcckeil  f^iTicy  linens,  with  a 
vnrirty  of  putiems  of  isich: — mnnufuctured  by  John 
Uadlicttur  ami  Co.,  Dumioe. 

Ij4-  Sorra,  RicilABD  H..  -l  /(f.«™H  ■'•■l.;rl.  .^"i/rtun  K-V-.ftf 
—Manufacturer. 

.';j>ocimcns  of  linr's.  u*ii«lly  called  jvifcnt  lines,  of 
voiioiLi  sires,  for  hanging  windnw-eosbw,  abultem,  bliiiila, 
lump',  ftc. 

SjHicinians  of  Hki|ii>inR-roi>oa. 

I}5        Smith,  J..  ?.'"•'  «r.v«.r,V/,— JlaniiKicturcr. 

HpcciiucM  of  ro]H)'.  lines,  twine-,  &c.,  nuuiuroctureil 
by  lii.icliin.rv  from  Rn.win.  Manilla,  and  Italian  huuip; 
ln.-.h,  L:LlCic,~nn<l  %.VptiBU  Uai  and  tow, 

ft  I.(1!«il!T.*Fl»,  I2i;-i(.'  .«(.-it',  lin-iiU't 
/««  *V.V.':'-.Maiiufiictur.^r«. 
Boildlers',  and  lianHMis-uuilicri'  thnwls. 


llcel  ball,  tor 
r,7  MonKE,  Wii. 


f„r  A.\\'"'  Miil-rnuuinfoctuivd  rri.ni  long  Irish 
u  l-y  i-(»-i-r.  «ilbr.NL  stftn-Uor  drewinit-    Twine- 


614 


C.LAgs  14.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Abeas  L.  M.  N.  0.  6  TO  8. 


[UinTEaE^ 


canvas  for  the  same  purpose,  and  manufactured  from  the 
same  material.    Twine  for  sewing  canvas  for  ships'  sails. 


68 


HoDDART,  Sir  Joseph,  &  Co.,  Limehouse — 
Manufiicturers. 
Cordage  and  sailcloth — Tarred  cordage,  from  Baltic 
hemp.  Untarred  conlage — ^Manilla,  Bombay,  India  Sunn, 
Italian,  Hungarian,  Columbia  River,  new.  Power-loom- 
woven  sailcloth,  for  the  Indian  navy,  on  the  Dutch  plan; 
for  the  British  navy;  and  for  the  Merchant  navy. 


69 


Toll,  Samuel,  153  Fenchwch  Street,  and  Globe 
Fields,  Mile  End  Road — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  twine,  ropes,  fishing  lines,  nets,  &c.,  of 
different  materials  and  qualities. 

70         Wall,  E.  &  T.,  ^anftury— Manufacturers. 

Hand -spun  laid  cords  and  twines,  made  from  Polish 
Rhine  hemp.  Petersbiui^h  cut  clean  hemp.  Polish  Rhine 
and  Petersburgh  hemps,  dressed  and  imdressed.  Twines 
made  from  Riga  flax  yams  and  tow  yams.  Whipcords 
made  from  flax  yams.  Sash  and  jack  lines,  made  from 
Indian  spun  hemp;  clothes-lines  from  Manilla  hemp; 
horse-hair  and  Manilla  horse-hair  clothes-lines.  Horses* 
halters  from  Petersburgh  hemp.  Bed  sackings.  Horse- 
hair cloth.  Fancy  door-mats,  inado  from  India  jute  hemp. 
Curled  horse-hair. 


71 


Harford,  George,  Gateshead — Inventor. 

Specimen  of  an  improved  sail-cloth,  manufactured  by 
Mil  vain  and  Harford. 


72  OouROCK  RoPEWORK  CoMPAXT,  Greenock — Manufac- 
turers. (Sadler,  Samuel,  Ironmonger  Lane,  Cheapside, 
Agent.) 

Sail-cloth,  extra  best  quality;  bleached,  second  quality; 
boiled,  third  quality. 

Tarred  cordage,  various  inches;  four  stranded,  hawser, 
and  boltrope.  Manilla  cordage,  various  inches;  wormed, 
hawser,  and  tarred. 


73  Edwards,  J.;  Ewens,  John  B.,  &  Co.;  Oundrt, 
Joseph,  &Co.;  Hounsell,  Joseph;  Hounsell, 
Wm.,  &  Co.;  Ptmore  Company;  Rendall  & 
Coombs  ;  Stephens,  J.  P.,  &  Co.  ;  Tucker, 
Tho8.,  &  Co. ;  Whetham,  S.,  &  Sons,  Local 
Committee,  Bridport. — Producers. 

Specimens  of  the  staple  manufacture  of  Bridport,  con- 
sisting of  twines,  canvas,  webs,  nets,  lines,  shoe-thread, 
tarpauling,  sacks,  &c. 

Case  A. 
Hemp  and  Flax  in  various  stages  of  preparation. 

Case  B. — T'rines. 
No.  1.  Three-thread  fishing  long  reel,  1  rand,  4 J  lbs. 
per  dozen  rand. 

2  to  4.  Three-thread  fishing  short  reel,  1  rand  each, 
6,  9,  and  12  lbs.  per  dozen,  made  from  Friesland  flax. 

5  to  7.  Three-thread  fishing  short  reel,  1  rand  each,  6, 
9,  and  12  lbs.  per  dozen,  made  from  water-rotted  Dorset 
flax. 

8  to  9.  Three-thread  fishing  short  reel,  1  rand  each, 
6,  9,  and  12  lbs.  per  dozen,  made  from  dew-]*otted 
Dorset  flax. 

10  to  16.  Three-thread  fishing  short  reel,  1  rand  each, 
9,  12,  15,  18,  24,  30,  and  M\  lbs.  per  dozen. 

17.  Three-thread  seal,  No.  1,  1  skein. 

18.  Three-thread  trawl,  ^  rand,  48  lb.  per  dozen. 

19.  Three-thread  salmon  trawl,  ^  rand,  72  lbs.  per 
dozen. 

20.  Three-thread  turtle,  1  skein,  72  lbs.  per  dozen. 

21  to  25.  Three-thread  ood-net,  1  rand  each,  4(,  9,  12, 
15,  and  18  lbs.  per  dozen. 

26  to  32.  Thi^-t}iread  salmon-net,  1  rand  each,  24, 
30,  36,  40,  48,  60,  and  80  lbs.  per  dozen. 

33.  Two-thread  fishing  short  reel,  1  rand,  6  lbs.  per 
down. 


34  to  41.  Two-thread  porlick  and  mackerel,  1  rand 
each,  7,  9,10,  11,  12,  14,  16,  and  18  lbs.  per  dozen. 

42  to  51.  Two-thread  cod-net,  1  rand  each,  9,  10,  12, 
15,  16,  18,  19,  20,  21,  and  24  lbs.  per  dozen. 

52.  Nine-thread  lobster-net,  1  rand,  84  lbs.  per  doaen. 

53.  Two-thread  and  three-thread  shop.     54.  Dutch. 

55.  Three-thread  packing. 

56.  Fine  three-thread  bleached  gilling. 

Case  C. — Canvas, 

1.  No.  1.  Bleached  double  warp,  24  inches  wide. 

2.  No.  1.  Bleached  double  warp,  18  inches  wide. 

3.  No.  1.  Half-bleached  warp,  24  inches  wide. 

4.  No.  1.  Double  warp,  24  inches  wide,  as  used  in  Her 
Majesty's  Navy. 

5.  No.  1.  Single  warp,  full  bleached. 

6.  No.  6.  Double  warp,  full  bleached. 

Case  D. —  Webs. 
Nos.  1  and  2.  Brown  extra  stout,  machine  web,  12  and 
4  inches. 

3.  Striped  extra  stout.  Artillery  girth,  4  inches. 

4.  Brown  gullet  web,  lA  inches. 

5.  Superfine  brown  straming  web,  3  inches. 

6  and  7.  Fancy  linen  girth  web,  3}  and  2  inches. 

8.  Striped  tray  web,  24  inches. 

9.  AVhite  boot  web,  IJ  mches. 

10.  White  linen  collar  or  bradoon  web,  1}  inches. 

11.  Diaper  web,  2  J  inches. 

12.  Chair  web.  If  inches. 

13.  Brown  extra  stout.  Army  girth,  5  inches. 

14.  Saddle-seat  web,  8}  inches. 

15.  16,  17,  18,  19.  Fancy  linen  guiJi  web,  SJ,  SJ,  2J, 
2^  and  2j^  inches. 

20.  White  linen  roller  web,  4  inches. 

21  and  22.  Fancy  linen  roller  web,  4  inches. 

23,  24,  25,  26.  Fancy  linen  roller  web,  4  inches. 

27.  Fancy  linen  roller  web,  5J  inches. 

28.  White  woollen  brace  web,  2  J  inches. 

29.  Fancy  woollen  girth  web,  2^  inches. 

30  and  31.  Fancy  woollen  roller  web,  5^  inches. 

Case  l&.^Fishing-Nets. 

1.  Herring-drift,  18  feet  deep,  11  fathoms  long^  2f 
inch  mesh,  roped. 

2.  Mackerel-drift,  27  feet  deep,  19  fiithoms  long,  3^ 
inch  mesh,  roped. 

3.  Herring-drift  used  on  English  coast. 

4.  Mackerel-drift  used  on  English  coast. 


Case  F. 

1.  Deep  sea,  1  coil. 

2.  Hand  lead,  1  line, 

3  to  6.  Hambro',  1  line 
each,  9,  12,  15,  and  18 
strands. 

7.  Bank,  1  line. 

8.  Cod,  1  line. 

9.  North  sea  cod,  1  line. 
10.  Log,  1  line,  18  strands. 
1 1  to  12.  St.  Peter's  cod, 

1    line    each,    15    and    18 
threads. 

13.  Long  shore,  1  line. 

14.  Pallock,  1  line. 

15.  Squid,  or  jigger,  lline. 
16  to  18.  Snoods,  1  line 

each. 


— Lines, 

18.  Chalk,  1  line. 

19.  White  sash  cord,  1 
line. 

20.  Brown  sash  oord,  1 
line. 

21  &  22.  Whip-oord,  va- 
rious sizes. 

23.  Norsels,  1  lb.,  used 
for  tying  nets  to  head- 
ropes. 

24.  Two-thread  marline, 
1  slip. 

25.  Three -thread  hood- 
ing, 1  slip. 

26.  Mackerel,  1  line. 

27.  Long  sed,  1  line. 


1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 


Case  O. — Shoe-threads  and  Seaming-tvints, 


5. 


No.  1,  common. 
No.  2,  common. 
Best  common. 
Fine. 
Fine  flax. 

6.  Superfine  flax. 

7.  Extra  superfine  flax. 

8.  Brown  closing. 

9  to  16.  Varieties  of  half- 
bleached. 

17  &  18.  Green. 
19  to  21.  Yellow. 


22.  Yellow  closing, 

23.  No.  8  fittmg. 

24.  White  closing. 
Those    24    articles 

threads. 

25  &  26.  6  and  9  three- 
thread  seaming  twine),  from 
Dorset  dew-ripe  flax. 

27  &  28.  6  and  9  three- 
thread  seaming  twine,  from 
Dorset  water-ripe  flax. 


3 


^LJM 14.— FLA±  AND  HEMP. 
Abbab  L.  M.  K.  O.  6  to  8. 


m& 


1. 


4.  Blfljiplitd       herring- 


€a«  L— Jli4liy  iMff ■ 


6.  Keoe  oi  luttekeral. 

7.  Gbd-MiiM,  3  indifli. 

8.  Cod  wiao,  4  inoiwi, 
9u  "fTtid  Miiiin  SIimIibb* 


I. 


t.  A  lOdted  diift«0l»  M  VMd  ki  OnrowBll,  fitted  finr 

t.  flf^lwiMl  iwimud  htig, 

S.  TlfwilwMihiil  round  iMig  (iMMmt  Mtm). 

4b.  Kwi  IhbKiI  voond  bag  (withoiit  mmu). 

J^  Tfcm  tiMhil  MBBod  CbMKfT  e  lb.)  1m^. 

t.  Tlfwilwihiil  roond  hig  (mtbovi  amok), 

T.  flvo4iMi  bod-Mddn^. 

a.  Hmo  4 IM  4  indiM  Mflldng-dotlw 

t.  ftiifcal  poUol  Mflldng. 
10.  Wool  Ami. 
iU  IbT-twwhd  fomid  bag  (whiioat  Mtm). 

flhMO  itlleifli  UiOQfl^  UiHlo  interoBiing  in  thmnMlT8f, 
an 9«l fanpofteallB  a woial point  oC Tiow,  andrapreoent 
tdignoyitbiiHieiti  of  our  oountry,  asa  maritinie 
m  oonnootod  with  this  manwftMinre. 

be  oooaidend  tho  eapeoial  aatt  of  the 
mMwfWfaie^  a  bnoch  of  indnetry  which 
Umto  for  ontnriee;  in  het,  ao  eeriy  was 
bofoni^  oalebnted  Hor  it^  that  in  an  Act  of 
21  Hen.  VHI.,  it  was  set  forth,  that  the 
inhabHaiita  "  had,  time  out  of  mind,  used  to  make  within 
the  town  for  the  moet  part  all  the  great  cables,  ropes, 
and  other  tackling  for  the  Royal  Navy,  and  the  most  part 
9i  eihsr  ships  within  this  realm." 

It  ia  difficult  to  estimate  the  number  of  hands  employed 
in  the  staple  manufacture  in  the  town  and  the  surroimd- 
11^  district,  the  majority  of  the  population  being  engaged 
in  one  or  other  of  its  branches;  the  number  may  be 
nmghly  estimated  st  from  7000  to  8000.] 

74   HoLU^WAT,  Thomas  John,  Salidnwry — Manufacturer. 
Hemp  and  flas  twinee. 


74a  BsKKsnEB,  John,  Kirkaldy,  «Sc(rftos</~- Manufacturer. 

Pieoea  of  sail-cloth,  made  entirely  of  Baltic  flax  yam, 
the  warp  being  of  three-ply  and  the  weft  four-ply.  Sail- 
doth  made  upon  this  principle  is  stronger  than  canvas 
made  in  the  usual  way,  particularly  if  the  yams  are  made 
from  Irish  flax. 

75  Dixon  &  LoNOSTArr,  Stockton-on-Tces — 

Manufincturers. 

8ai]-«loih,  made  from  Baltic  long  flax;  hand-loom  woven. 


76        W^MMM^  Jonathan,  &  Sons,  Cockermouth — 

Manufacturers. 
Dyed  and  bleached  linen  threads. 


•-• 


71#  femiieen  foilotring  are  placed  on  the  North  Wall, 
near  the  Flax  Machinery  in  Class  5. 


77    Bulls, 


BaoWN  T.,  Andorer  Ford,  Gloficestershire — 
Manufacturer. 

tubing,  tarpaulin  of  hemp  and  flax ;   flaxen 
eoata.  Ice. 


78  ^UJKIIBI,  R.,  iVsweosiitf— Mannfkctnrer. 
•I^>edniena  of  oanvas. 

79  FmABEti,  D.,  AHfroaih,  Sooitoid— Mannlhetarer. 
Navy  bleached  and  boiled  canyaa.    Improved  brown 

canyaa  flax  warpa.    Common  brown  tow,  single  brown 
tow,  and  ocmunon  bleached  oanrai* 

80  DuHOAH,  D.,  &  Co.,  Afiroath,  SooUtmd^ 

KannfSMitttPara. 
Hemp  lail-eloth* 

81  BsiniT,  Soin,  ft  Co.,  JMroM,  Sootkmd^ 

ManofiMstiireri. 
Naw  sail-cloth  made  for  British  OoTemment.    Ini« 
proYed  aailHsloth,  made  for  the  British  merBhaBt  nsfy. 

82  GtoBDOW,  G.  ft  A.,  JMroath,  Seoikmd^ 

Manufiwiiturars.. 
Specimens  of  the  yarions  qualittea  of  line  and  low-jam 
mannfSMtured  in  Arbroath  ;  dxy-apnn  line-yarn,  ifo.  X 
to  50,  and  tow^yam.  No.  1  to  25.    SaO-twine. 

83  Salxomd,  W.,  JHtroaih,  <8!i»tlaw<l— Mannfketnrar. 
Bleached  nnstarohed  sail-oloth ;  miU-waahed  long  flax 

sail-cloth.  Tarpaulin,  nnstarehed,  28-inch  brown.  Sngle 
beat  tow  yitrie.    Beat  brown  tow  double  canyaa. 


84  Oabuuid,  W.,  A/^roath,  SooUand-'Mmmheiwnt. 
Hop-pocketing.    FlooiMdoth.    Kina-feet  flax  canyaa. 

85  Baiuat  ft  SxABT,  Arbroath,  SooHtmd-^ 

ManufMsturera. 
SaoUng.    Brown  canyaa ;  brown  single  canyaa. 

86  Andsmow,  C.^  JHfroath,  Scoikmd-^ 

Manufiboturar. 
Imperial  and  Rnasia  ducka.     TidkkiibaigB.     Rnaria 

sheetmgB,  and  padding  canvas.  Double  canvas,  single 
canvas,  and  waterproof  cloth  for  railway  covers.  Hemp 
tarpaulings. 

87  NicOL,  A.,  &  Co.,  Arbroath,  Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Towelling.    Sheeting,  bleached  and  brown.    Osnaburg. 
Mixed-hemp  sacking.      Flour  sacks.      Kye-grass  sacks. 
Cofiee-bags.     Shop-twine  ;  hemp-twine. 


88  Curb  &  Co.,  Arbroath,  Scotland — 

Manufacturers. 
Brown  flax  sheeting  ;    brown  tow  sheeting, 
dowlas  ;  loom  sheeting.     Ticklenburgs.     Ducks. 


Loom 


89  Daonall,  Charles,  &  Co.,  Little  Chelsea — 

Manufacturers. 

Variety  of  mats  and  matting. 

Samples  of  fine  coir  j'am  from  Cochin ;  of  coarse  coir 
yam,  Bombay;  of  coir  yarn,  Ceylon;  of  coir  junk  and 
fibre,  from  Cochin,  Bombay,  and  Ceylon. 

Specimens  of  silk  grass,  lute,  or  paut  hemp,  from 
Calcutta;  and  of  Manilla  hemp. 

[Coir  yam  is  obtained  from  the  husk  of  the  cocoa-nut, 
and  "jute"  fi*om  the  stems  of  Corchorus  olUoricus, — J.  L.] 

90  Edoington,  Thos.  F.,  45  Butolph  Lane — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen  ofcomiiosition  cloth,  made  up  from  long  flax, 
and  dressed   with  a  solution  which  renders  it  perfectly 
waterproof;  used  for  railway  luggage,  truck  covers,  ftc. 


•♦•    The  five  follotring  are  placed  xcith  Class  11. 

91  Sadler,  Samuel,  24  Ironmonger  Lane — Importer. 

Bleached  light  linen,  in  cartoon  boxes.  Bleaobed  sile- 
sias  and  platillas.  Estopillas,  bretanas,  and  cress  legiti- 
mas.    Thick  linen  handkerclaefs.    All  exhibited  for  style 


616 


Class  14.— FLAX  AND  HEMP. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  G  to  8. 


and  cheapness,  bb  well  as  adaptation  for  the  South  Ameri- 
can, Mexican,  and  West  Indian  markets. 

Bleached  medium  linens,  extra  strong  linens,  fronting 
linens,  and  extra  strong  shirtings.  Exhibited  for  quality 
and  fitness  for  the  home  trade. 


92       CouLSON,  Jaxes,  8c  Co.,  Lisbum,  Ireland— 

ManufiEu^urers. 

Fine  damask  table-cloth,  with  the  armorial  bearings  of 
His  Grace  the  Duke  of  Bedford.  The  collar  and  stsure  of 
the  Order  of  the  Garter,  &c.,  appropriately  interwoven. 

Fine  damask  table-cloth,  made  for  His  Grace  the  Duke 
of  Sutherland. 

Fine  damask  table-cloth,  appropriately  ornamented  with 
the  improved  insertions,  having  the  various  royal  insignia, 
with  collars  and  stars  of  the  different  orders;  made  for 
Her  Majesty. 

Fine  damaak  sideboard  table-cloth,  appropriately  orna- 
mented; made  for  Her  Majesty. 

Fine  damask  table-cloths,  prepared  for  the  Earl  of 
Derby,  and  for  the  Ist  regiment  of  Life  Guards;  the  2nd 
Life  Guards;  the  16th  Lancers;  the  Soots  Fusilier  Guards; 
and  the  57th  Regiment,  with  badges,  &c. 

{Placed  partly  fcith  Clitss  11,  and  partly  with  Clnss  14.) 

[The  antiquity  and  celebrity  of  the  "fine  linen"  of 
Egypt,  clearly  points  to  that  country,  as  the  place  where 
its  manufacture  originated.  Specimens  of  this  article 
¥rrapped  about  the  Egyptian  mummies,  and  supposed  to 
be  at  least  3000  years  old,  are  remarkable  for  fineness  of 
texture.  Linen  was  introduced  into  England,  by  the 
Flemings  in  1253,  as  a  substitute  for  the  woollen  shirting 
previously  worn.  Although  Ireland  now  excels  in  this 
manufacture,  it  was  not  introduced  into  that  country 
till  1634. 

One  kind  of  linen  is  still  called  Holland,  from  the 
place  where  it  was  first  manufactured;  this  article  having 
been  lai^ely  imported  for  domestic  use,  before  our  home 
manufacture  had  arrived  at  such  perfection  as  to  take  its 
place.  Unbleached  linen  is  called  broi^-n  Holland,  and 
is  used  for  various  articles  of  clothing  and  upholstery; 
sileaia  is  a  species  of  fine  brown  holland,  glazed.  Dowlas, 
is  a  strong  kind  of  Irish  linen,  for  shirting.  Drill,  is  a 
stout  twill  for  trousers.  Damask,  is  a  twilled  fabric, 
similar  to  that  made  of  silk,  and  much  used  for  table- 
cloths ;  Dunfermline,  in  Scotland,  and  Ardoyne  and 
Lisbiun,  in  Ireland,  are  celebrated  for  the  beauty  and 
excellence  of  their  manufactures  in  this  article.     • 


Brown  damask  is  the  same  article  unbleached,  and 
being  deemed  stronger  in  this  state,  is  used  as  mora 
economical.  Diapers  are  damaaks  of  amaller  idae  and 
simpler  patterns.  There  are  also  xmion  ^*»'***^t  and 
diapers,  made  of  linen  and  cotton  combined.  ' 

Sheeting  linens  are  of  various  names  and  qnalitiea,  as 
Irish,  Lancashire,  and  Scotch;  also  Rusna,  Toikahire, 
and  Bamsley;  besides  there  are  unions  and  imitatkniB  of 
these,  of  which  the  Russia  is  the  strongest  and  oosnest. 
Huckaback,  is  a  species  of  very  coarse  dii^Mr  used  for 
towelling.  Tick  and  union  tick  are  well  known  articles 
for  upholstery  purposes.  Canvas  is  usually  made  of 
hemp,  but  a  finer  sort  is  nuide  from  flax.  Coarse  osnTas 
is  used  for  sail  cloth,  tents,  and  coverings  of  variooi 
kinds.  The  finest  article  made  in  linen,  is  called  eambric 
or  Batiste,  from  Cambray,  where  it  was  first  made,  dt 
Batiste,  its  first  maker.  French  cambric  is  still  much 
esteemed  in  the  shape  of  handkerchiefs,  though  it  is 
often  equalled  by  our  home  manufacture.  Scotch  eambrio 
is  a  cotton  fabric,  made  in  imitation  of  French  cambric 
La\('n  is  a  species  of  very  fine  linen,  approaching  cambric 
in  texture. — R.  W.] 


93  CouLfiON,  William,  Lisbum,  // Wane/— Designer  and  ' 

Manufacturer, 
fine  damask  table-cloths  and  napkins. 

(Placed  partly  with  Chtss  11,  and  partly  fnih  Class  14.) 

95      Capper,  John,  &  Son,  69  Gracechurch  Street — 
Part  Inventors  and  Makers. 

Table  cover,  of  linen  damask,  unbleached.  The  same, 
bleached,  for  use;  manufactured  in  Scotland. 

Registered  stri|>ed  or  banded  towelling.  Invented  by 
the  exhibitora. 

Newark  huckaback  towelling:  the  "  Wellington,"  of 
yarn  twice  twisted  in  the  weft,  preserving  itsharpneas 
during  wear;  the  ''Russia,"  and  the  "Newark,"  with 
recent  improvements  in  fabric. 

Huckaback  towellings,  bleached,  of  various  qoalitiss^ 
manufactured  in  England. 

Sheetings  for  household  use;  manufiictared  in  Irelaiid. 


90         M'Leownan,  John,  &  Co  ,  8  Bmrje  TarJ, 
BucMerabHry — Manu&cturers. 

Bleached  sail  canvas,  made  from  Irish  flaiL,  and  by  hand- 
loom. 


For  Class  15— Mixed  Fabrics,  including  Shawls— iS«?e  Classes  12  &  15,  page  185. 


LEATHER,   SADDLERY   AND   HARNESS,    SKINS,    FUR,   AND    HAIR. 


INTRODUCTION. 

Thb  pRMot  CUn  includes  a  variety  of  manuracturing  processes  relating  to  the  commercial  prei^ralion  of 
knimal  mUtanccs  in  the  form  of  leather,  sliius,  fur,  ]iair,  and  feathers.  Until  within  a  recent  period,  expe- 
rience rather  than  science  haa  directed  tho  labours  of  manufacturers  in  their  operations  upou  these  substances. 
And  al  present  the  rules  taught  hy  experience  are  iu  many  cases  still  pursued  in  practice,  with,  honerer,  such 
■audi Gcml ions  as  an  intelligent  comprehenaiou  of  the  operation  of  the  chemical  and  other  pbilosopliical  lans  put 
■Dlo  force  ID  the  processes  would  suggest.  -  , 

The  followinji  Sub-t' lasses  are  reco-^ited  in  this  Class ; — A.  Leather,  as  rougli  and  tanned,  curried,  enamelled, 
dyed — Oil  Leather,  as  Buckskin,  Doeskin,  &c. — While  and  Alum  Leather ;  Sheep  and  Skin  Bugs,  i'arcliraent, 
a&il  Vellnm ;  B.  Saddlery  and  Harness  ;  C.  Miscellaneous ;  I).  Skins  and  Furs  of  all  descriptions  for  personal 
and  domestic  use ;  E.  Teatbers,  as  those  of  tlie  Ustrich,  Marabout,  &c. ;  F.  Hair,  onuunentally  and  usefully 

The  HNitioa  occupied  in  the  Building  is  at  the  Xorth  side  of  tJio  Western  Main  Avenue,  The  Areas 
{odnded  are  G.  U.  1.  and  J.,  from  10  to  14.  In  addition,  siiccimens  are  suspended  from  the  Galleries,  and  ill 
the  centre  of  the  Avenue  is  a  case  containing  examples  of  the  most  rare  and  costly  furs. 

The  localities  in  which  the  manufactures  concerned  in  this  Class  are  carried  on,  and  from  whence  articles 
for  exhibition  have  chiefly  been  derived,  are  Bcmiondsey,  where  (lie  preparation  of  leather  has  been  successfully 
CODilucted  duriux  a  very  Ions  period,  Hull,  Swansea,  Bristol,  Cork,  I.iver|iool,  Edinburgh,  and  I'almouth. 

The  manufacture  of  leatljer  lias  liotu  eslinialeil  as  only  fourth  in  ini]iort;uice  among  the  national  inanu- 
fafiun-s  .it  lirnit  Kritiiiii.  A  lar:;!'  .iiiiniini  of  capiliil  is  euiployol  in  its  pniduclifrti,  and  the  number  of 
;tT^ixir.-  and  ■a\<'t*  dini'tly  sup['nrtc<l  by  this  bnuicb  of  iiidiistry  has  U-cii  tuken  tu  am<iimt  to  ntiirly  n  quarter 
'■1  .1  iiiillji'ii.  'I'hi-  ti'tal  annual  value  of  (lie  lenllier  nianufucturi's  U  couiputid  at  aluut  fourteen  iiiilliuns 
-trrliri.'.  Ii  ap|i(-ars  prolnlile  iljnl  in  the  mere  article  of  Ujuts  and  sbueK,  upunrds  of  seven  niillioiis  Mtcrliiig 
an-  driiiiially  e.iiviiikil  by  the  iiihnbitaiil»  of  this  ciituitry.  If  it  be  considered  tliat  mther  more  llinii  half  the 
I'Mi'nr  j-rii'ilii'eil  is  thiw  ajiplieil,  the  renmimler  is  nujJoyed  in  the  production  <if  harncait,  xaddlcry,  cloves,  and 
till- miilTifuriuiisjnirjiniies  fur  which  leatlu'r  is  applicable.  <)f  Intu  cbi'mistry  hoK  been  studied  attentively  by 
t'l  M-  .1"]ii-nih-nt  u|>in  this  btancli  of  industry,  and  sucn-ssfn!  results  have  ensued.  A  variety  of  puleut 
[m,---.;^^  e^isi  by  wliicb  the  em-nnous  amininl  of  time  iiivnlvcd  iu  tanniii-!  on  the  old  system  is  nVridgi'<l  to  a 
-'•rpri'iti^  vvrerit.  With  miuic  specimens  i  if  leal  her  it  has  not  Iiet-u  unusual  to  devote  eiijbteen  inoutlis  or 
ii;  ■.■..ir-l-  1.1  ilii'ir  ci.iiiliinatiiin  "itb  the  native  (iriiicipleH  of  the  Inrk,  A  few  weeks  are  sntlxieiit,  under  S'veml 
.1  ^..-  (:.  «■  ^vKi-iiis,  u,  elfecl  tlie  wunc  ohj,,'!.  lUit  it  is  slateil  that  the  Imtlier  priduecd  mpidly  differs  from 
tt. .'.  [-n-liic-l  by  u  liliiwer  pnieeris  of  nnnbinatioii  in  its  dunbility  and  wilidity.  Aud  it  is  (.iinsidcnil  by 
~'-  ."  lihii  liiiif.'  is  an  t'ssential  element  in  the  mauufaclure,  and  that  it  lanmit  1h'  iulvantn'^cously  Kl.ortencd  tu 
a:  V  .%.i.-i.|ir.ible  cxtwit.  lA-nlher  is  untpu-stiimnbly  a  chemical  comiNiund,  and  this  rtoiilera  it  prokible  that  a 
•-  .V  .i:.<l  ^r.uhi.il  pnmiiNor  combiiintiiin  U'rween  the  ;:i'lii1iiie  of  tiio  skin,  and  the  tiumiii  acid  of  the  lark, 
I  .ly  [Ti-iiK-.-aI.-.iili<-r,  to smnc extent,  of  ditreii-nt  proiiTties  to  that  funiicil  by  a  .piicker  o|«'riitiini.  A  very 
'i:ir.-  .iiti-'iiiit  <if  b'.iilicr  Is,  h'lwevt'r,  mauufacturoil  bv  the  rapid  |>nicesH,  fTiim  wliiirli  it  inav  iv  cuni-luded  that 
!■.  [  r.-ii:i.t  |.r.*-s:-,s  iinal  f^mmiTtiid  value.  A  j.'ri'Ut  vuriety  of  l.'iithers  in  nil  ,H,hdiri..iis  and  slule-s  ..f  miinu- 
t  UiuHtratinit  the  jiccnliarilies  of  ilitlVritil   mi'lbiicU  rif  miumfaeture, 


■id  ii 


■>ribe  punoM-KlViruliic 


>v;.nUapi'li'-"l- 


in^oilli'ctioiKiffursis'' 

iiib^„.l 

'ri.Wblvihi-..p[K,rimiitv  Iims 

tudv.if  thisrlawi'if  riiiii 

'urs  ..r  tlie  must  mre.Usrripti 

im.iUL'  these  s|j<-eimrMs. 

ir.ilisl  dryinius.if  asiiTtainin 

ciimmi-nv,  a  subjni  <-\i  \ 

)jieli  iiiiirl 

(onllictiiii!  iiiiinidii  exinls,  the 

riU-.l  in  the  ralaln^iie 

f  this  clii- 

in(.'r.siinL, 

ubjirts,   i-«sessiiig  tlieir  pee 

t'\l)iMI'>r:>  ill  Ibiscln.'.s  i 

In  liutMn<'>-iL  in<-lud.'S  l..i' 

d<.ni-'»iic-u-«'.  iiiiidditio 

tu«,ddllT 

■  .&(•.,  thi-  unn.l'-r  of  [■■i-wms  ii< 

.■pn 


518 


CLAB8  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


^UsiTED 


1    Bevingtons  &  Sons,   Neckiiujer  Mill,  Bermondsetf — 

Manufacturers. 

Goat,  sheep,  seal,  kid,  and  lamb  skins,  in  the  manufac- 
tured state. 

Goat,  seal,  sheep,  and  calf  skins  manufactured  into 
morocco,  roans,  skivers,  and  enamelled  leather,  for  fur- 
niture, bookbinding,  and  shoe  leather. 

Kid,  lamb.  Cape  shoep,  and  calf  skins  (alimi  leather), 
manufactured  for  gloves,  shoes,  and  shoe  binding. 

Specimens  of  leather,  with  varieties  in  tanning  and 
leather-dressing. 

[Leather,  such  as  that  used  for  boots  and  shoes,  is 
strictly  a  chemical  product.  The  skins  of  a  variety  of 
animals  are  employed  in  the  preparation  of  this  article  of 
universal  use.  The  preparation  of  most  varieties  of  lea- 
ther consists  essentially  in  the  formation  of  a  chemical 
compound,  of  the  gelatine  of  the  skin,  and  of  a  chemical 
principle  called  tannin,  contained  in  the  liquid  used. 
Alum  leather  differs  from  ordinary  leather  in  its  pro- 
perties and  composition — R.  E.] 


2  Squike,  Thomas,  Latchfordj  Warrington — ^Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  sole  leather,  tanned  in  Cheshire,  made 
from  hides,  the  produce  of  Buenos  Ayres  in  South 
America,  tanned  with  oak  bark,  the  produce  of  Belgium, 
and  a  very  small  proportion  of  valonia,  from  Smyrna— 
26  weeks  in  process. 

Solo  leather,  tanned  without  bark,  made  from  hides, 
the  produce  of  the  United  Kingdom ;  tanned  with  equal 
proportions  of  divi  divi  from  South  America,  gaiubier 
from  the  East  Indies,  and  valonia  from  Smyrna — 16  weeks 
in  process. 

3  LuPTON,  JoiiSf  Chapel  Lmie,  Bradford — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  cemented  leather  strapping,   used  for 

driving-belts  in  weaving  and  spinning. 

4  BusE,  Nicholas,  Oxford  Street,  Swansea — 

Manufacturer. 
Improved  calf-skins   for  the   upper-leather  of  boots. 
Manufactured  by  a  new  process. 

6  NicnoLLS,  H.,  5  Stafford  Street,  Bond  Street,  and  4  andt> 
Birchin  Lane,  City — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Waterproof  tanned  leather,  skins  (of  English  and  Cape 
sheep),  for  sporting  articles,  shooting  gaiters,  trousers,  &c. 

Black  buckskin  leather  of  permanent  dye,  suitable  for 
trousers  and  other  articles  of  dress. 

Specimens  of  paste  for  cleaning  white  leather  trou- 
sers, &c. 

White  buckskin  himting  breeches. 

Cleaning  balls  of  various  colours. 

Improved  composition  for  rendering  the  soles  of  boots 
and  shoes  waterproof  and  durable,  and  the  upper  leathora 
soft. 

A  new  waistcoat  in  leather  and  clotli. 


6  HARTT.Er,  Elizabeth,  Lo*o  Bridie,  A'naresborou/jh — 

Designer,  Inventor,  and  Manufactiuxjr. 
Hearth-rug.     Boa  and  muff.     Carriage-bonnct  and  rug. 
Pair  of  cuffs. — ^AU  made  from  English  lamb  and  sheep- 
skin.   

7  RoDINSON,  J.,  Wfttersidc,  Knaresfji)roihjh — 

Manufacturer. 
Carriage-rugs  of  different  colours.     Henrth-nig.     Boas 
and  muffrt.    Carriage  and  wool-slippers.    Table-mat. — All 
made  from  English  and  foreign  sheepskin. 

8  Hill,  O.,  Knureshf/ro^ujh — Manufacturer. 

Rugs  for  carriages,  carriage -slippers,  and  tea-urn  mats. 

9  CI.APHAM,  John,  Knirahorcntgh — Manufacturer. 
Hearth-nig.     Rugs  in   sundry  colours,   for  door-mats 

and  carriages.     Foot-muffn^  for  carriage  use.     Travelling 


shoes  and  boots,  and  slippers  for  domestic  use.  Huff. 
Boa.  Victorine.  Tea-urn  mat. — ^AU  made  from  Bbeep- 
skin.  

10  Deed,  J.  S.,  Little  Neicport  Street,  Leuxtter  Square^ 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  leather. 

ID^ed  sheep  and  lamb-skin  wool  rugs,  or  mats. 

Wool  rug,  made  from  sheep  and  lamb-sklnB,  repreMOt- 
ing  the  globe,  Britannia,  peace,  and  plenty,  lion  and  lamb, 
and  doves  with  olive  branches.  Motto—"  Tho  earth  is 
the  Lord's  and  the  fulness  thereof." 


11  Wilson,  Walker,  &  Co.,  Z^^is— Manufaotnrera. 

Coloured  sheep-leather  skivers,  for  bookbinders^  hst- 
ters,  &c.,  coloured  roans,  for  furniture  and  boots;  roller 
leather,  for  silk  and  cotton  spinning;  chamois  or  wasih 
leather. 

Coloured  calf  and  morocco,  hard-grained,  for  book- 
binding.   

12  Benson,  C,  11  Waterloo  Street,  Leeda-^ 

Manufacturer. 
Hair-bag  for  extracting  oil  from  linseed,  &c. 


13   HoGARTY  Brothers,  Cork,  Ireland— ManuActimn, 

Boot  fronts  and  legs,  kip  butts,  roans,  shoe  mid- 
dlings ;  black-grained  (»lf  for  buttoned  boots;  calf-skins, 
waxed  and  russet,  and  tanned  in  sumac. 


14  WiNSOR,  George,  &  Son,  Oreat  BiuseH  Street, 
Bermondsey — ^Manufacturers. 
Coloured  wool  rugs.  Rugs,  fancy  and  bordered.  Hesrtk- 
rugs,  fancy  bordered,  and  white.  Skins  for  cavalry, 
wlSte  and  black.  Skins  japanned  for  socks.  Skins  for 
ladies'  boas.  French  dog  and  lamb  skins,  for  lining  chores, 
shoes,  kc. ;  and  carriage  and  foot  muffs. 


15  Rheam,  E.,  Hull — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  boot  and  shoe  leathers,  of  FVench  and 

English  calf-skin.     Horse-hide  from  Spanish  Amerio^ 
tanned  and  curried  in  England. 

16  Holmes,  Thomas,  Aniaby  Road,  Hull — Importer 

and  Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  tanned  hide  from  the  neck  and  back  of  a 
full-grown  walrus,  or  sea-horse;  also,  from  a  young  one, 
and  from  a  cub. 

Polishiug-wheels  covered  with  the  same. 

HeadB  of  male  and  female  walnui  or  sea-horse,  taken 
by  Captain  Gra^'il  at  the  Davis*  Straits  fisheries,  1850. 


17    Stockil,  William,  33  Long  Lane,  Southteark — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington  boot  fronts  and  grafts,  waterproof. 


18  Evans,  Thomas,  &  Son,  10  Silver  Street,  WoodStrtft. 
Parchment  aud  chamois  leather. 

Fancy  parchment  direction  labels. 

19  Glover.  J.  &  T.,  7  WfX)d  Street,  Cheapeide-^ 

Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  oil  leather,  fn)m  buck,  doe,  oalf,  sheep^ 
and  lamb  skins  prepared  on  an  improved  principle. 

Specimens  of  gloves  manufactured  from  leather  pre- 
pared by  the  new  process;  and  from  Irish  kid  skins. 

Improved  button  for  gloves,  shirts,  wearing  apparel, 
&c.,  which  can  be  permanently  attached  without  per- 
foration.    Improved  opening  for  gloves. 

[Leather  dressed  with  oil,  instead  of  by  the  process 
in  which  tanning  combines  with  the  gelatine  of  the  skin, 
differs  in  many  of  its  properties  from  leather  prepared 
by  tanning.  Oil  is  generally  made  to  penetrate  the  skins 
by  "fulling"  them  after  sprinkling  the  surfiice  with  oil. 
The  oil  enters  into  a  permanent  combination  with  the 


] 


SKINE»  FOB,  AND  HAIB. 
AxsAB  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  TO  14. 


519 


■oft  and  pUttit.    Oidioaiy 
k  «i  illiMlnlioii  of  ihk  mode  of  pnporing 


k  Loam,  80  Wmi  SmUhJdd-^ 


etlf  akiiH^  tMmid  abrotd,  InrtomriMi 


lddi%  fiioin  rkwitti  h  iiMiitinii  tim  m  TiUlwi. 

iMPds  01  DOiiMiooiiigwyfcodiit  fliniitop 
of  8oiA AaMtkftliKfe  bennotioed  In  itfikiiig 
JtjMmmBmaMdL    During  Mm  i«iiid«aoM  of 
agopwrtodJBollyafcjeet^  Tiitmiinboni 
tih»  fieliiii*  of  thio  ocooodilot  or  tho 
l^tlf  an  alio  tiio  pv^  of  tiio  IndlMi  hnntony 
Ute  hnk  an  ia^porlMil  part  of  tho  vqpati 
of  aatwal  Scmflk  JjiMsioaii  poite.    These  hSdea  an 
Ib  QvM*  firftafai;  and  in  1841,  tho  quantity 
to  8H538  awt.— R.  £.] 


31     Smni,  WnuAX  Hxnbt,  &  Soir,  136  Sifrowl— 

Manqfimtnrifa. 
Beapatoh  bozea  of  Tuiotyi  aiaea  and  deaocqitionB. 
l^wmlinff  and  dreaaing  oaaaa. 
Writings  blotting^  and  oard  oaaea,  &o« 


31 


V  T^  Pataiki 


oaae,  &o. 


0  Tiittlli^WiuiAM^aMarjnrJte^Olijrm^ANitf-- 
inmstor  and  Mannnotorer. 
dwui'ljiHom  of  pawhment>  nearly  xeaembling 


Bum,  Ekm»  Bamar,  Boko  £fiftur§. 

MIoMiT  eaaa^  in  htdhty  ornamented  mo- 
Ia  ita  mnn»  being  a  model  of  a  part  of 
Bdribiftloii  bidlding. 

eM%  oontaining  oonrenienoeB  for  traTeUin^ 

TldbMp  dwaeing,  mad  refreahment  caaee ;  it 

to  &a  iande  of  a  oanriage^  and  form  an 

oompanion.  Another  adapted  for  yieit- 
traTeUing. 


24     LsTXB,  J.  &  J.,  13  Site  Lane — Manufacturera. 

Writiog,  drawinff,  and  binding  vellum.  Drum  and  tarn- 
boarine  headm     Writing  and  binding  parchment. 


25      WooD^  WiLUAX  k  Samuel,  32  Bow  Street — 

ManufjEMsturers. 
Calf  akm  in  its  natural  state,  with  the  hair  on,  simply 
dried ;  the  aame  tanned  in  oak  bark,  prepared  for  the 
cnnier  ;  the  same  of  Tarious  thicknesses,  curried  for 
boo^s  and  shoes  ;  and  the  same  variously  dressed  as 
morocoo,  kc. ;  aleo  for  boots  and  shoes. 


27 


',  Jam  Thomas,  12  Market  Street,  Manchester — 
Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Portmantwan   for   travelling,   with    improved    frame^ 
or  buckles  on  the  outside. 


28  Tnsoir,  Cmamlis,  11  SmUhson  St.,  Yor\  St.,  Hulmej 

now  Manchetter — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Inptoved  portmanteau,  constructed  so  that  all  the 
^Tieioos  are  thrown  open  at  one  time,  to  facilitate  pack- 
bag,  and  the  removal  of  any  article  without  having  to  un- 
pad^ and  to  prevent  rain  or  water  getting  in  the  inside, 
bgr  **^^^**C  the  staff  to  shut  close  all  round. 

29  FuncAOAK,  J.,  Manchester — Manufacturer. 
T^sveUmg  trunk. 


30 


WoLUAM  D.,  High  street,  Shrewsbury — Designer 
and  Manufacturer, 
patent  shot-beltr— <the  "Royal  Albert ">— 
in  relief,  by  hand  labour. 

artAclea>  manufiwtured  in  leather,  &c. 


32  Qmomam,  Gubodit,  103  Z^eoa  Straet,  Soko^lmpotbet 

and  Manwfbetnrer. 
Koroooo  and  Boaria  leatlier,  nrepared  for  the  nae  of 
Qpholater«ra»  ooadbmaken^  bookbiiMera;  alaofor  dreaabg 
and  other  fioegr  oaae  makei%  boot  and  iiioe  makeray  kc. 

33  hurr,  Jqvbu,  38  Setvmark0t--43anvAoat  md 

HaUOXfeBRirBIF^ 

Begiatered  ^rardxobe  portmanteau,  lASSk  ftya  oonqpart> 
menta« 

Knapaack  for  pedeatiiana,  eontainfng  aa  eBtea  pookei 
on  the  top. 

Impro^  bag  for  dothea^  Ihien,  booti^  &eu 

34  Eaot  k  Soy,  214  Bemumdsey  mraei,  Skmekwark 

Inventors  and  Mannfhotnren. 
Biteot  velvet-napped,  emboaaedyOolonrBd  leather.  Em* 
bomed  by  Ifeaaia.  CuatomB  and  €k>.,  51  BanhUl  Bow, 
London. 

35  Aiuy,  WniSAMj  126 1)rmmond£^r$H,EmimSqMr$ 

Inventor. 
Pair  of  bellowa,  the  aidea  being  made  of  wood  inataad 
of  leather. 

36  Aludi,  Johm  Kigsbajcl^  37  Wardowr  Street,  Soho^ 

Mannucturer* 
HomoBopatldo  medicine  oaaea.    Tooth-powder  box,  to 
prevent  tlM  eaoape  of  the  powder. 


37   Mom^  AuooariTS,  16  Soutkwark  BHige  Soad-^ 
Inventor  and  Mano&otarer. 
Patent  waterproof  leather  portmantean,  out  and  made  in 
one  pieoe,  and  without  a  atitoh. 


38    Last,  Samuel,  256  Oxford  Street — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered  railway  portmanteau,    for  the  use  of  tra- 
vellers; divided  into  four  compartments. 


39  Everett  &  Co.,  51  Fetter  Lane — Manufacturers. 

Blacking.     Varnish  for  dress  boots.     Waterproof  var- 
nish for  boots,  harness,  &c. 


40  James,  J.,  102  Oxford  Street — ^Manufacturer. 

Registered  railway  trunk,  which  contains  a  collapsible 
hat  or  bonnet  case,  a  leather  pocket,  sliding  division,  and 
tray.     Patent  wardrobe  portfolio. 

41  Judge,  Charles,  6  Sion  Place,  East  Street,  Waltoorth 

— Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Leather  buttons,  each  consisting  uf  one  piece  of  leather, 
for  boots,  shoes,  gaiters,  coats,  and  clothing  in  general. 


42  Woodman,  William,  13  Three  Colt  Court,  Worship  St., 

Fitisbury — Manufacturer. 
Leather  backgammon  table. 


43    Harrows,  G.,  38  Old  Bond  6"//w<— Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  improved  waterproof  travelling  chest. 


46       Mairen,  Charles,  North  Cottage,  Vicar's  HiU, 

J^tr  tKham — Inventor. 
Saddle  on  an  improved  principle  of  fixing  and  relieving 
the  flaps  and  pannel  by  hand.  It  is  convenient  for  travel- 
ling, or  for  shifting  after  a  heavy  saturation :  the  bearings 
are  free,  and  the  use  of  nails  has  been  avoided.  A 
favourite-seated  saddle  can  be  supplied  with  additional 
flaps  and  panel. 


620 


Class  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Areas  0.  H.  L  J.  10  to  14. 


rUwTKD 


47  Read,  James  Bird,  Penri/n,  Cornwall — Manufacturer. 

A  shaved  hide,  for  making  best  bridle  reins;  tanned, 
not  curried. 

A  rough  tanned  cow-hide,  the  produce  of  Cornwall,  for 
making  Baddle-skirta  and  stirrup-leatherB. 

Specimen  to  show  the  quality  and  kind  of  leather  used 
in  Cornwall,  for  the  purpose  of  gearing  the  buckets  of 
pumping  engines  with  from  GO  to  9U-iuch  cylinders. 


48   Clark,  Cyrus  8c  James,  Street,  near  GUistonbury, 
Somersetshire — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

Model  of  the  rural  factory,  a  portion  of  it  containing  a 
variety  of  shoes,  &c. 

Uni-rugs,  flower-stands,  muffs,  cuffs,  and  victorines, 
made  from  English  lamb-skin. 

Caps  made  from  British  slinks,  or  mort  lambs. 

Varieties  of  socks  for  shoes,  of  cork  and  g^tta  percha 
covered  with  lamb-skin. 

I>adies'  carriage  boot,  of  lamb-skin  inside  and  out. 

Gentlemen's  bro^ii  wool-lined  slip^jers.  Ladies'  slippers, 
of  lamb-skin  inside  and  out. 

Foot  muff,  with  hot-water  case  imder. 

Patent  elongating  gutta  percha  goloshes,  with  improve- 
ments; put  on  or  off  without  touching  with  the  hand; 
^  light,  elastic  and  firm. 

Registei-ed  shoes,  which  answer  the  purpose  of  boots, 
without  fastening;  elastic,  and  easy  in  walking. 

Sample  of  leather  gaiters,  and  housemaids'  and  men's 
gloves. 

Angola  goat-skin,  English  sheep  and  lamb-skin,  and 
slink  lamb  or  mort,  in  the  raw  state. 

Angola  hearth-rug,  dyed  in  one  piece  :  the  pattern 
containing  eight  colours  without  joining ;  exhibited  for 
the  ingenuity  of  the  i)atteni. 

Pure  white  Angola  hearth -rug. 

HciU'th-rug,  with  centre  pattern,  of  lamb -skin. 

Crimson  Angola  skin,  exliibited  for  its  size  and  depth  of 
colour.     Golden  crimson  stair  and  door-ioig.s. 

Orange  and  pink  Angola  carriage  rugs. 

Yellow,  blue,  green,  lavender,  fa^ii  and  brown  Angola 
toilet  i-ug. 

Crimson  sheep-skin,  exhibited  for  its  size,  and  deep 
colour. 

Brown  door,  gig,  and  carriage-rugs. 

Varieties  of  carriage  or  window-nigs,  wth  ornamented 
centre.     Bedn>om  niga.  of  vai'ious  {uitterns. 

Taimed  mop,  or  mop-head. 


49  Rood,  G.,  &  Co.,  lioltons-^Kux^uih,  near  Glastnnh*try, 
Somentet — Designers  and  Mtmufacturers. 

Hearth,  carnage,  and  toilet  rugs,  with  designs ;  manu- 
factured from  sheep-skin  and  Angola  goat. 

White,  crimson,  and  pink  Angola  rugs,  for  carnages, 
doors,  i-ecesses,  &c. 

White,  brown,  crimson,  green,  and  blue  sheep-nigs,  for 
the  same  purposes.     Carriage  foot-mutf. 

Sheep  and  Angola  goat-skins,  in  the  raw  state. 


50  Cooper,  Matthew,  25  Siritvjate,  York — Designer, 

Inventor,  and  Manufacturer. 

Improved  side  saddle,  with  pilch  of  Berlin  wool  work 
(from  the  establishment  of  Mr.  Jancoweki,  York). 

Military  sarldle,  with  pilch  also  of  Berlin  wool  work. 

Improved  light  hunting  and  racing  saddle. 

Somerset  saddle,  with  8kii>t  similar  to  a  regular  hunting 
saddle. 

51  SouTHET,  GiX)RCK  William,  &Co.,  IC  Little  Queen  St., 

Lincoln  H  inn  Fichh — Mtmufiicturers. 

Seal -skins  and  hides  for  the  use  of  coachmakers,  har- 
ncHs-m:ikei*s,  and  accoutrement-makers. 

Calf-skins  for  the  use  of  accoutrement-makei*s  and 
lMH>t -makers. 

Hog-skins  and  hides  for  the  use  of  saddlers. 

Hi<les  for  straps  for  machinery  and  pipe^hose. 

Hipl)opotamu8  hides  for  the  use  of  mechanical  engi- 
neers. 


52    Maxwell  &  Co.,  161  Piccadilly — Muiufacturen. 

Glass  case,  containing  socket  spurs  (military  regulation 
and  others),  and  spring  spur-sockeiB,  with  specimflDt 
showing  their  sevenu  stages  of  manufacture. 


53    LUTWYCHE  &  Georce,  Skinner  Street,  SmwHUl — 

Manufacturers. 

Goat-skins,  manufactured  in  England,  for  the  use  of 
bookbinders,  shoemakers,  upholders,  coachmakers,  Ibc. 

English  sheep-skins. 


54        Marlow,  James,  M'ti/jKi//— Manufacturer. 

Steel  carriage  and  riding  bits ;  with  new  dengna  of  oraa- 
mental  character. 

Spenser's  patent  metallic  saddles. 

Harness,  with  registered  ornamental  moantings. 

Stair  balustrade  in  malleable  cast  iron,  posBeaaing 
the  strength  of  wrought  iron. 


55    Cox,  Samuel,  IVfi/sn//— Inventor  and  Manufiactnrer. 

Newly  invented  Albert  stimip  and  stirrup  leather,  and 
improved  draw -mouth  clipper-bit.  The  stirrup  ia  alwaya 
in  a  position  to  meet  the  foot,  and  can  be  put  on  or 
taken  off,  without  the  use  of  the  buckle. 

Registeretl  draw-mouth,  clipper-bit  which  may  be  need 
either  ^\'ith  or  without  curb.     Provisionally  registered. 


56  Baxton,  Edward,  Wnhdl — Inventor. 

Patent  enamelled  waterjtroof  horse  hamesa,  reqniiiag 
no  blacking. 

I^itent  Hackney  riding-bit,  with  moveable  month. 
Hackney  bridle,  round  head  and  reins. 

Hunting  breast-plate.  Hunting-bits,  mounted  with 
heads  and  reins. 

57  Hawkins,  Jons,  Stafford  Street,  Wuhatt — 

Manufacturer,  Inventor,  &c. 

Registered  carriage  and  hackney  bits,  upon  an  impit>ved 
princii>le. 

Registered  Chifuey  bit,  used  for  either  riding  or  driving, 
with  ••  d<mble  mouth." 

Steel  stirrup-irons  upon  an  improved  principle^  an<l 
ladies'  slip])ers. 

58  Brace,  Henry,  Wolsall — Manufacturer. 

Bits,  stiiTups,  and  spurs,  for  the  South  American 
markets. 


59  PiM,  James  E.,  3 fount  Mellick,  Queens  Connty,  Iretamd 

— Manufacturer. 
Snaffles.     Snake's-head  bit.    Plain  riding  bit.     Pelham 
stimip  irons. 

GO  Hudson,  Samuei>,  Dnbfin — Inventor,  Designer,  and 

Maimfacturer. 

A  side-saddle  with  projecting  "burrs'*  in  the  forepart 
of  the  tree,  to  prevent  the  saddle  from  shifting  to  the  near 
side  and  ^ling  the  horse,  or  slipping  for^*ard;  it  allova 
the  front  iKirt  of  the  saddle  to  be  an  inch  lower  than 
usual,  enabling  the  rider  to  sit  in  a  horizontal  poaition. 
The  safe,  flap,  and  skirt  are  all  in  one  piece,  and  covered 
with  hog-skin.  The  design  of  the  ornamental  work  on 
the  heiuis  aiul  safe — the  i-ose,  shamrock,  and  thistle.  The 
stirrup  is  a  recent  improvement  made  bv  the  exhibitor;  it 
o]>ens  with  a  spiing,  and  dLsengnges  the  rider  s  foot  in 
case  of  a  fall. 

Hunting  saddle  with  elastic  seat,  on  a  new  principle: 
invented  by  the  exhibitor.  The  webs  are  attached  to  a 
strong  arch  of  round  st(.*el  near  the  pommel,  and  so  con- 
structed as  to  lK>ai'  violent  usage  without  injurj',  giving 
additional  Kti*ength  to  the  tree;  the  action  of  the  sprinff 
is  not  more  than  one-eighth  of  an  inch,  which  is  found 
to  be  sufficient  to  produce  the  requisite  degree  of  daa- 
ticity. 

I'lain  hunting  saddle — exhibited  for  general  fitting. 

Light  fonn  saddle  with  steel -jilated  titv. 


Kisonm.] 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIR, 
Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


521 


61      Lkstxasi,  Wixxiam,  29  Dawsm  Street,  DMm — 

Manufacturer. 

Set  of  ftill-chaaed,  Bilver-mounted,  and  brass-mounted 
cairittM  haniaaB;  set  of  silyer-mounted  gig  or  cab  harness. 

QaUted  lady's  side-saddle,  with  fans  and  leaping-head. 

Full  shaft  to  gentlemen's  htmting  and  steeple-chase 
■addles. 

Doable  and  single  saddles  for  children. 


€2   Kass,  G.,  69  Dame  Street,  Dublin — ^BCanufacturer. 
Poitmanteaiis  and  camp  furniture. 


63 


k  Son,  Bermondaey  New  Road— 
Manu&cturera. 
Wellington  boot-fronts  and  half  boot-fronts;  gndnand 
««xad  can-skins ;  cordovan  hides  and  jockey  leg^. 


64 


>,  W.  &  G.,  Birmnufham,  and  Houndtditch, 
LmAm — ^Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

of  whip  manufacture  and  ornamental  mount- 


Specimens  of  registered  whip-sockets,  or  holders. 
Speeimsni  of  saddlery,  including  a  new  design  for  a 
lady  s  bridle  and  bit. 


65  BaowK,  T.,  &  Son,  7  Moat  Row,  Birmingham-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Spedmeoi  of  cut  back-head  saddle-tree,  with  whale- 
bone ^>rings,  galvanized  plates,  spring  bars,  and  copper 
rivets,  to  vrevMit  corroding;  and  various  kinds  pf  saddle- 
trees ueea  in  EIngland,  East  Indies,  &c.,  of  improved 
eoostruGtions.       

66  l^DBy  AbchujlLD  Reed,  151  Strand — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 

Improved  Cleveland  and  East  India  himting  saddles ; 
lady's  saddle,  with  extra  crutch. 

The  Victoria  bridle  and  stirrup. 

Set  of  brougham  harness,  with  improved  shaft  and 
trace  tuga, 

07  MlDDLZMORE,  WiLLIAM,  M  fiollo'raf/ Head,  Birmingham 
— Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

SviA  of  j;ij»  hamend  of  new  designs. 

Nt^'  (latent  gentleinon'H  saddle,  with  elastic  seat. 

Kiuhri  t'ulered  IsuWn  naddle,  with  same  inii)rovemeut. 

K;4n(-v  Aa^ldleH  and  bridles. 

A  ntw  mouthing  rein  for  disciplining  the  mouths  of 
unbroken  horseij. 

.Shot  |>ouchos,  cigar  cases,  dram  bottles,  and  sandwich 

CatKjA. 

tid  COLXMAS,  THOMAii  Gex>RGE,   Lille>/  ILjo  Farm,  Offlcy, 
fuar  Jlitcfiin,  Herts — Inventor. 

Iziipnivt^l  patent  general  htting  middle,  expiuiding  with 
th*f  action  of  the  horse's  muscles,  intended  to  take  off 
deaul  preawure,  and  spread  the  weight. 

Improved  patent  self-acting  ela.stic  spring  roller,  for 
homeu 

Improved  patent  hameKs,  with  spring  trace  and  tug, 
back-band  and  crupjier.  The  si>ring  trace  as^L<<ts  the 
draught,  taking  off  dea^l-pre^.-iure  from  the  horses' 
ah^>uldeni. 

Improve*!  patent  safety  rein,  to  enable  the  driver  to 
haTe  Oi>mplete  control. 

Tlie  gvnend  htting  saddle  is  constructed  to  expand  witli 
the  action  <»f  the  muscles,  and  si>rea(.l  the  pi^ssure  or 
«-«:4rht  over  a  greater  surface;  also  to  pn>tect  the  withers 
fr^m  Ijeing  wrung — a  fault  fretjuently  occasione<l  by  the 
xime  "{  tl»e  common  s^iddle.  It  in  objected  to  the  common 
ftkdtii«  th.'it  in  the  event  of  a  horse  stumbling,  the  shoul- 
der* are  forc*r«l  up  into  the  gullet  of  the  pommel,  an<i  the 
MwiUe-trve  is  often  bntkcn;  but  even  when  this  is  not  the 
cb^.  the  onfinement  of  the  shoulders  invariably  prt^ vents 
thfir  free  action,  and  consoquently  the  horso  loses  all 
cLAaoe  of  recnvering  itself. 

The  spring  bar  is  intended  to  relievo  the  horse  of  much 
«-.;riat.  and  at  the  same  time  afford  ease  and  comfort  to 


the  rider,  as  well  as  protection  from  the  injuries  that  so 
often  happen  on  the  pommel  and  cantle  of  the  saddle  ; 
these,  in  the  new  invention,  being  soft  and  elastic.  The 
spring  bar  is  applicable  to  side  saddles. 

The  self-acting  elastic  roller  obviates  the  injury  result- 
ing from  the  use  of  the  present  tight  roller,  which,  nqt 
being  elastic,  when  buckled  round  a  yoimg  animal,  es- 
sentially retards  and  ii^ures  the  formation  of  the  chest, 
while  it  confines  and  weakens  the  action  of  the  lungs. 

69  Qabnett,  WnxiAM,  Tarporley,  Cheshire — Inventor 

and  Designer. 
A  saddle  without  seams,  that  is,  having  seat,  skirt,  and 
flap  in  one  piece.  Exhibited  for  lightness  and  cheapness. 
On  the  near  side  of  the  saddle  is  attached  a  patent  spring 
bar,  so  constructed  as  to  release  the  rider  if  thrown  from 
his  horse.  On  the  off-side  there  is  a  swing  bar,  intended 
as  an  improvement  upon  the  patent  spring  bar. 

70  ViCK,  Richard,  Gloucester — Inventor. 

Improved  registered  harness  hames — giving  ease  and 
£Bbcility  of  draught,  by  raising  or  lowering  the  shifting 
tugs  as  required. 

71  MusSELwaiTE,  Thomas,  Z>«?u<?* — Inventor. 

Patent  elastic  collar  for  horses,  formed  by  the  combi% 
nation  of  iron,  cork,  horse-hair,  &c. 

Improved  elastic  collar  for  horses,  to  work  without 
hames. 

72  Weir,  John,  Dmnfries — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
A  riding-saddle  with  elastic  seat,  the  buckskin  seat  and 

flap  covers  being  all  of  a  piece. 

Neck  collar,  designed  to  answer  the  double  use  of  a 
separate  collar  and  harness.  The  draught  being  fixed  in 
the  roll  at  tho  proper  part,  will  prevent  the  neck  of  the 
horse  being  injured  by  the  shifting  of  the  harness. 

Portmanteau  containing  hat-case,  drawers,  and  pockets 
for  papers,  letters,  &c.,  with  sejiarate  places  for  articles 
of  dress,  imibrella,  &c.,  all  under  one  lock  and  key. 

73  Mkllkr,  Christian  C,  15  liiUng  ILntsc  Lant', 

Liuuf/i'iin  J'l'icc — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
An  enamelled  leather   tnivelling-bag,   with   improved 
fittings  inside,  secret  spring  fjisteniugs,  and  metal  knobs  to 
bottom  to  pi-event  wear. 

74  Ramsey,  W.,  //»///— Inventor  and  Manufacturer, 
liegistered  elastic -seated  sa<ldle. 

75  Clark,  W.,  ^fill  Hill,  Leeds — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
A   quilted  summerset  saddle;  the  work  U|X)n  the  seat 
representing  St.   George  and  tho  dragon;  on  the  flaps, 
Britimnia,  surrounded  with  roses,  thistles,  and  shamrocks; 
on  the  skirts,  the  Prince  of  Wales*  feathers. 


7G  Thomas,  Charles,  .^trtii ford-on- Av<m — Mamufacturcr. 
Registered  flexible  saddle,  with  metil  cantle,  yielding 
to  very  slight  pressure.  It  is  so  constructed  as  to  i>ro- 
mote  the  circulation  of  air  between  the  seat  of  the  saddle 
and  the  horse's  biick,  contributing  to  tho  comfort  of  tho 
rider,  and  preventing  the  galling  of  tho  hoi-se. 

77  Caistor,  a.  B.,  7  Jl'ther  Street,  Port mf in  Sunarc — 

Designer  iind  Manufacturer. 
Hussar  saddle,  with  holsters  and  furniture. 
Hunting  smldle. 

78  Black WKXL,  S.  &  H.,  'J.'.V)  Or/.A/  Street— 

Inventors  and  M an u factum's. 

A  cab  or  phaeton  harne.-».>«,  with  gilt  nio\intings,  cliasod 
with  emblems  t>f  (Jreat  Britain  and  Irehunl  ;  tho  orna- 
ments on  saddle,  bridle,  ^:c.,  are  the  collar,  star,  and 
ba^lge  of  the  Order  of  the  GiU-ter.  The  whole  ni.i<lo  of 
black  patent  leather. 

Iinpr««ve<l  fetl<>ck  leg,  and  siM?edy  cut  boots,  to  prevent 


522 


Class  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

AuEAfi  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  TO  14. 


[UKirxD 


horses  being  lamed  by  cutting;  made  of  elastic  yiilcanized 
India-rubber  web  and  leather. 

Eye-blinds,  for  singeing,  bleeding,  &c. 

Patterns  of  improvements  in  saddlery. 


79  Passxore,  William,  27  LitUe  Windmill  Street, 

Golden  Sq. — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Single-horse  harness,  with  improved  hames  and  furni- 
ture.   

80  Atkinson  k  Eldrid,  185  Reijent  Street — 

Manufacturers  and  Proprietors. 

Hunting  whips,  of  various  patterns,  with  silver  mount- 
ings. Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  riding  whips,  with  gold 
and  silver  mountings. 

Gig,  four-horse,  and  tandem  driving  whips,  of  various 
kinds. 

Registered  ladies'  parasol  driN-ing  and  riding  whips. 

Walking  sticks. 

Gold  and  silver-moimted  walking  and  riding  canes. 

Drinking  bottles  and  flasks. 

Hunting  and  tandem  horns,  dog  whistles,  and  other 
sporting  articles. 

81  Martin,  W.  H.,  64  BtwUnfjton  Arcade — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Parasol  riding  and  driving  whips. 

Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  driving,  riding,  and  himting- 
whips. 

Riding-cane,  dress  cane,  and  walking-stick,  made  from 
the  rhinoceros  horn. 

Specimen  of  the  Wanghec  cane. 

New  combination — a  walking-stick,  whip-stick,  or  um- 
brella-stick, containing  long  cylindrical  bottle  and  wine- 
glass, and  receptacle  for  biscuits  or  compressed  meat, 
intended  for  railway  travellers  and  others.  Invented  by 
Francis  Whishaw,  Esq. 

82  Shipley,  J.  Q.,181  Hegent  Street — Inventor. 

I^i*ge  full  quilted  saddle  with  improved  stirrup  leather. 
Provisionally  registered. 

83  Skinner,  Ambrose,  Camher%ccll  Green — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Air-filled  horse  collar,  intended  to  prevent  wrung  or 
galled  shoulders,  and  jibbing. 


84  Hicks,  Henry,  52  Davies  Street,  Berkeley  Squa 
Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Lady's  saddle,  exhibiting  the  application  of  an  elastic 
support  for  the  left  leg  of  tibe  rider.  ProWsionally  regis- 
tered. 


S5  Green,  Robert,  8  Edicard's  Street,  Portnian  Squat 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies'  saddle,  constructed  on  an  horizontal  tree,  on  an 
improved  principle.     Bridles. 

Somerset  and  hog-skin  himting  saddles. 

Set  of  single  horse  harness,  and  horse  clothing. 


8G  White,  J.C,  29 Lirerj)ool  St,,  C it ;f,  nmllS^Fei/entSt. 
— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Set  of  pair-horse  carriage  silver-mounted  harness,  with 
improved  registereti  tugs.  These  tugs  are  intended  to 
supersede  the  use  of  the  largo  tug  buckles,  and  are 
lighter  in  appearance.  The  improvement  consists  in  their 
being  Rtraight  tubes,  into  which  the  ti'aco  passes,  and  is 
secured  by  a  bolt  passing  through,  which  can  be  taken  up 
and  dovra.  and  the  trace  easily  adjusted;  the  trace  having 
a  straight  pull  from  the  bolt,  is  not  liable  to  meet  with 
the  unsightly  curve  or  bend  which  causes  it  to  crack  and 
l>reak. 

Set  of  smgle,  or  brougham  harness,  silver  mounted, 
witli  improved  registered  tugs.  The  improvement  in  the 
single  hiirnefls  is  the  shaft  tugs,  which  sectire  the  shafts 
and  prevent  the  shaking  or  jolting  of  the  vehicle,  without 
the  necessity  of  wrapping  the  belly-band  round  the  shafts. 


Set  of  light  pony  hamen,  ailver  momiied,  with  im- 
provements. 

Pftrt  of  a  set  of  tandem  hamen,  with  improred  hm^ 
silver  mounted,  with  the  registered  paiii  attadied. 


87 


BowxAB,  C.  B.,  Le%ce$ter — ^Xnyentor  and 
Manu^Etcturer. 

Ladiei^  and  children's  victorines,  riding  boas,  and 
mantilla  polkas,  made  of  lambslun  cuiedy  with  wool 
attached.  Jenny  Lind's  mantilla  and  muff  attaehod, 
imitation  of  squirrel.  Ladies'  and  duldren's  cuiEk 
Brighton  round  4uid  curly  boa.  Boond  mff;  <diildren*s 
ruff.    Muff. 

Ladies'  and  men's  fleecy  patent  leather  8o<^ 

Lapland  wool  rugs,  coloured  and  white. 

Children's  frame-worked  coats,  edged  with  wool. 


88  TiBDALE,  Edxund,  34  Broad  Street,  Oddm 

Manufacturer. 

Somerset  hunting  saddle-tree,  in  the  first  atwe  of 
manufacture ;  the  same,  with  a  set  back-head,  in  a  Unifh^^j 
state,  adapted  for  high-withered  horses,  Ac. 

Side  saddle-tree,  with  a  lei^ing  head,  for  safe^  to  the 
rider.  

89  Langdon,  WnxiAM,  jun.,  9  Buie  St,,  Mandketter  Sq 

— ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Light  phaeton  harness,  bearing  the  coronet  and  initial 
of  H.R.H.  Prince  Albert,  made  throu^^out  of 
leather,  and  stitched  with  white  silk;  with 
buckles,  Sec, 

90  Bltthe,  Robert,  4  Park  Lane — Manu&otozvr. 

Lady's  saddle,  with  horizontal  and  elastic  wmt,  new  in 
style  and  design. 
Himting  or  park  saddle,  with  improved  elastic  seat. 
Harness  j>ad,  with  end  screws  removed. 


91      Penny,  J.,  37  Union  Street,  MidiUeeex  Ho^pUat-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Improved  design  for  harness  mounting. 

State  pony  bridle  for  H.R.H.  Albert  Edward,  Prince 
of  Wales,  designed  by  W.  H.  Rogers;  the  leather-woric  bj 
W.  Langdon,  9  Duke  Street,  Manchester-square. 

Specimens  of  harness  mountings. 

Cabinet  drawer  handles,  metal  gilt. 

Portrait  of  H.R.H.  Prince  All^rt,  embossed  bj  hand 
from  sheet  silver. 

Heraldic  and  ornamental  skewers. 

Proof  from  a  new  style  of  gutta  percha  mould.  Land* 
seer's  favourites.  **  Tam  O'Shanter,"  "  The  Wolf  and  the 
Lamb"  (Mulready),  and  ''The  Blind  Fiddler," emboosed 
by  hand,  from  sheet  copper. 

Similar  pictures  in  metal  chasing. 


92    SwAiNE  &  Adenet,  185  Piccadilly — Manufiictarers. 


Racing  whip,  mounted  in  silver  gilt.     This  whip  is 
presented  in  the  annexed  cut.    The  design  is  em^blematac 
of  the  Exhibition,  and  representative  of  the  four  quartan 
of  the  globe. 

Riling  whip,  mounted  with  gold,  set  with  brilUanta  and 
rubies. 

Ivies'  riding  whips,  ^-ith  fan  or  sun-shade  attachedy 
of  new  construction;  also  with  parasols. 

Chowrie  riding  whips,  with  horse-hair  plumes,  espedall  j 
adapted  for  India  or  other  parts  where  insects  troublo 
horse  and  rider. 

Riding  whips  of  various  patterns  and  devices. 

Driving  whips.  Canes  of  various  kinds. 

Registered  universal  whip  socket. 

Hancock's  patent  flexible-back  horse  and  other  brushes. 

Improved  horse-cloth,  allowing  a  free  escape  of  tiie 
moist  heat  of  the  body,  which  is  retained  by  a  woollen 
blanket ;  and  also  preventing  the  breaking  out  int<»  a 
cold  sweat,  common  to  horses  after  being  ridden  or  driven 
hard. 


fiKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAtB. 
Areas  O.U.  I.J.  10  to  14. 


93      BUl,  Cbaum,  34  Wigmort  Street— 1Saii\i!!iiiA<inr. 

Imprond  IhIj'i  Mddle.  A  ladj's  saddle,  with  new 
(icatglD*.  on  an  improved  principlo.  A  drees  single  liiir- 
EK9W,  H-.Ui  doigiiK  for  liamcu  rumiturv. 


in  BUTATEl,  WlTHAM  M.,  09  Plccadiibj^ 

DivigD^r  and  Maaufikcturer. 

Sinele  hone  brvughuu  haraena,  witli  patent  silvered 
gLiKj  frv-nt,  uid  ruaettea. 

liupnivcd  KuMiau  csviJrj  uid  other  liridleg. 


'.•7      Coi.tl»iVE,  F.  E.,  l:.,«nd  Hill  Ih'i'r,  llri,jl.l:n. 

A  Mddlc.  nudd  l.j  Bmley,  <.f  Old  Quebec  Streut. 
ii  tittnl  •ntb  k  pAtent  wddle-girtk  ipriug. 


Vtuov,  T.,  *So!i,  l«itl9  VtrcSI.,  Orf',rJSlnH— 
Mauufndiiren. 
,-r«  «^c<T  oid^-Rvl'llv,   b;  whicti  a  release  from  the 
lU  >■  ra^'uivl  in  owe  of  a  rail. 


Muiufwtiirer. 
<rf  new  rlri.ipi,  with  UKivoaHu  l>»iiiiig 
callt-d  thini  cnitch. 
Inpcirved  gnntlimuii'i  ipring-Mddle. 


00     Peahl,  JAins,  OW  Kent  «oarf— Manufacturer. 
HomeBs,  with  bridle -fronts,  and  rosettea  of  satin  tud 
painted  ribbon,  whalebone,  patent  leather,  and  ralvM. 
Painted  canvoa  and  patent  leather  for  hamesa  IWinta. 
Riding-bridle  and  hamesa  bridle-fVonta. 

101  Casatah.Atmo.vd,  7  W!/nd>iainSt.,Bryan3toittSq. — 

Proprietor. 

Two  saddle*,  made  by  Bobert  Gibson  &  Co.,  Coventry 
Street,  one  with  the  exhibitor's  registered  safety  panel ; 
the  oUier  witli  Reed's  patent  girth  regulator. 

Five  hnuhee  for  clatuung  all  kinds  of  metals,  made  of 
elastic  buff  leather,  manufactured  by  Mr.  Kent,  brush  mA- 
nofacturer,  Marlborough  Street. 

102  Ci.AmKSON,  I.  C— Manufacturer. 
Harness  straps,  Ike,  manufactured  by  maahinery. 

03      SlOKEB,  JosEPn,  49  Old  Street,  St.  Lak^t— 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Lady's  saddle,  with  revolving  heads  for  riding  on  either 

side,  with  increased  facility  fur  dismounting,  so  as  to 

prevent  the  drees  becoming  entangled  in  the  heads;  also 

adapted  to  horaea  of  different  sizes. 

Improved  pack-aaddle  for  overland  oonveyance  of  lug- 
gage by  horaee  or  mules. 

104  MaCKibS;  SoM,  ifcitdenAiMif,  flerjb,and^iviet™)feW, 
B<tcks — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

Hoise  collar,  for  hesvy  dratight,  especially  up  hills  with 
bad  roads;  applicable  for  artillery. 

Set  of  improved  pony  harness. 

06     HnoHES,  BODT.,  52  Clifton  Street,  FinAary  Square— 

Uanuiacturer. 
Heraldic  mountings  for  harness  in  biass,  plat«,  and 
solid  brass  gilt. 

107  Earxbhaw,  Hfnri,  91  irijn;w/c  .9f.— Manufacturer. 


jocbu}'.  on  un  improved  pi 


?;,       MaaiAan,  DAsrn..  3+  Berwick  Street,  Oiford 
Strrft  — Manufacturer. 

nuetoD  hameiw,  eilver  niountings. 

^iDzle-b'ir>«  harnBHJi,  lined  throughout,  silver  plutod 
r-B  <n-riitan  ailver.  A  ningla-hor^e  hameiw,  lined  through - 
LUt.  wall  bnat-miiuntings,  bitj<,  and  breeching,  conipleto. 


Booth,  Joiis  PirrEB,  ■■ 


■Ih  <3.m.v,  w  r„u,H  Qaa'j, 
r  and  MtuiufiK-turer. 
de  of  the  Irish  turkey 


114      Hook,  J.,  <!■)  .W" /(-«(/-?fiw(— Mttniif;icturor. 
Lmlies'  riding  l-uot*.     'file  Wellington,  with  r^nd  fore- 

Enrt  and  turnover  live],  and  iliiuied  apurs  of  new  ilefign. 
(iteiit  elastic  boiitrt,  witli  »\nm  mid  Lux. 
Monwcn  boots,  with  high  irtitclii-d  heels. 
\}TVBi  IjiH.tH  and  ch'K-ii,  in  lace,  silk  stocking,  and  pliiin 
aatiri,  bhick  and  white,  cruimHl  with  ribbon. 

HungiirLm   \ionU,   nith 


I'etri  <md  t 


White  and 


II  and 


_.. ,  high  hcelit. 

Walking  iKnits  and  shnea.  wulerproof,  with  inside  nnj 

mlside  vluiiiin.'d,  and  cork  w>lp". 

C™tnnie  -h.««,  the.-ld  Kii-li-h.  Swiss,  firoek.  Turkish, 
and  Itnlinn,  with  h«l-.  k'.dd  w.d  silver  triiiiuuuK-. 

Divs-ing   slipiK-r,   plain    .wl    embmiden.l,    «ith    and 

■  itlKint  hi-cls,  welled  and  tuni.ivers. 
Dn-'-s  golWies.  l.liiek  mid  ln-...i?j!.l.  silvere-l  and  Kilt- 
Walking  elugs  iu  le:ither  and  IndiiuirubWr,  with  itu- 


iBJOtS, 


•r.I.wh.'. 


524 


CLA88  16.— LEATHEK,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


[Unitid 


115  Beriull,  W.,  &  Son,  60  and  61  Marylcbone  Law — 

Manufacturers. 

Top  boots  for  racing.  Wellington  boots.  Ladies'  boots. 
Children's  boots  for  weak  ankles. 

Boot  fronts  from  skins  imported  in  a  rough  state. 

Samples  of  bark  tanned  soles  from  Englisn  and  foreign 
hides. 


116  Parker,  W.,  &  Sons,  Wood  Street,  Northampton — 

Manufacturers. 
Boots  and  shoes. 


117     Lloyd,  J.  P.,  Northampton — Manufacturer. 
'  Boots  and  shoes. 


118  Bearn  &  Jeffs,  Parade,  Northampton — 

Manufacturers. 
Boots  and  shoes. 

[The  boot  and  shoe  trade  of  the  coimty  of  Northampton 
employs  not  fewer  than  30,000  persons.  The  raw  mate- 
rial, after  passing  through  several  pi-ocossca,  ia  received 
by  the  boot  and  shoe  manufacturers.  The  leather  is 
then  cut  up  into  proper  sizes,  is  given  out  to  the  work- 
people to  be  blocked  at  their  homes.  After  this  is  done 
the  work  is  then  closed,  and  afberwards  made  up.  These 
operations  are  carried  on  principally  at  the  homes  of  the 
workpeople.  A  very  large  number  of  children  are  em- 
ployed in  this  department  of  trade.] 

119  Moore,  G.,  Northampton — Manufacturer. 
Boots  and  shoes. 


120  Line;,  Wm.  &  John,  Duvenin/,  Northamptonshire — 

Manufacturers  and  Proprietors. 
Wellington,  Clarence,  cloth,  leather  leg,  button,  buck- 
skin, dress,  best  stout  calf,  and  other  boots  of  different 
qualities.     Calf  walking,  tie,  and  other  shoes. 

121  Groom,  J.  &  R.,  Northampton — Manufacturers. 

Policemen's  boots  and  shoes.     Long  and  short  water- 
proof boots;  regulation  army  Blucher  boots. 


1^22  Graham,  J.,  100  Nay  lor  St.,  Oidham  Road,  Manchester, 
Pair  of  clogs. 

124     Hotchinos,  John,  20  Green  Street,  Bath,  Sotnersct 
— ^Inventor  &  ManufEu;turer. 

Jjadies'  kid-leather  double  sole  boot,  with  noiseless 
rotary  heel,  and  fastened  with  elastic  shank  buttons. 

Ladies'  elastic  double  sole  boot,  ^dth  noiseless  military 
heel ;  ladies'  single  sole  boot,  and  elastic  half -dress  shoe. 

Gentlemen's  dress  boot,  and  elastic  half-<lress  ankle 
boot,  with  noiseless  military  heel.  Elastic  walking  boot, 
suitable  for  feet  troubled  with  corns  and  bunions;  and 
boot  with  noiseless  rotary  heel. 

127  Ramsbottom,  E.,  Merton,  Swrey — Inventor. 

*  Improved  clog.     The  sole  does  not  bend,  but  the  inside 
of  the  clog  is  moulded  to  the  shape  of  the  foot. 

128  RoBARTS,  G.,  Tavistock,  Detun — Inventor. 

Patent  clog,  having  a  fixed  instep  strap,  and  so  con- 
structed that,  by  means  of  a  drop  connected  with  a 
le\'er  and  spring,  it  can  be  put  on  and  ofif  without  stooping 
or  touching  it  with  the  hands. 

130  Thompson,  S.,  Blackburn — Manufacturer. 

Clogs,  as  worn  by  the  operatives  of  Lancashire  and 
YorkHhire;  the  same  improved  by  the  introduction  of 
steel -springs  into  the  soles,  so  as  to  give  elasticity  to  the 
tread. 

131  Atloff,  Jean  George,  69  New  Bond  Street— 

Inventor. 
Boots,  shoes,  and  clogs,  \^ith  side  spring. 
Dr^ss  boots,  with  stool  spring  waL^t. 
Military  boots,  &c. 


132  Wallace,  T.,  Brandling  Place,  Neweastle^upon-TyHe 

— Inventor. 
Improved  boots  for  children  having  weak  ankles  and 
legs. 

133  Henson,  W.  G.,  Kettering,  NorthampUmthire. 
Morocco  boot,  designed  without  blocking, 

134  Pettitt,  G.,  &  Son,  Birmingham — ^Dengnen  and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  waterproof  goloshes,  compounded  of  caoat- 
chouc,  leather,  and  gutta  percha. 


135       Sautudkhs,  C,  Beading — BfanufActnrer. 

Red  morocco  leg  patent  goloshed  vandyked  button  boot^ 
with  40  stitches  to  the  inch,  beaded  top,  button  holes^ 
shell  heel,  2^  inches  high,  on  12  pillars,  silk  lined,  with 
satin  top-piece  stitched. 

137    ATHENfUM  Boot  &  Shoe  Warehouse^  Korwick 

— Producer. 
Boots  and  shoes. 


139      Mather,  J.,  Bochdtle,  Lancashire — ^Maker. 

Wellington  boots,  with  steel-spring  shanks,  which  im- 
prove the  form,  and  retain  the  shape. 

141  Creak,  James,  Church  Terrac^f,  Wisbech — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Improved  waterproof  button,    buckle,   and    Blucher 
boots.     Pro^isionaily  registered. 

142  Cowling,  John,  Richmond,  Yorkshire — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Gentlemen's  shooting  boots,  on  a  new  principle:   by 
the  fastening  at  the  side,  the  boots  can  bie  made  tight 
or  easy  at  any  moment.      Waterproof  to  the  top,  and 
without  gussets. 

145  Doe,  Willlam,  Colchester — Manufacturer. 
Improved  strong  high  shoes. 

146  Newman,  George,  101  Gloster  Lane,  Brightwi — 

Manufacturer. 
Wellington  boot,  exhibited  for  oonstmetiott  and  work- 
mamship. 

147  McGiBOON,  John,  30  North  John  Street,  Lieerpooi — 

Manufacturer. 
Dress  military  boots,  gold  lace  tongs  and  welts,  with 
revolving  heel. 

148  Barraclough,  Sakuel,  Tanueorth — ^Inyentor 

and  Manufincturer. 
Two  pairs  of  drees  boots,  manufactured  of  maierials 
to  render  them  impervious  to  water. 

149  Allen,  Charles,  &  Son,  Treffgame  Rocki, 

Pembroke,  Wales — Manufacturers. 
Gentleman's  shooting  boot,  on  an  improved  plan,  wv» 
ranted  waterproof. 

150  Hefford,  John  N.,  Derby — Proprietor. 
Facer,  F.  &  W.,  Northainpton — ^Manufibcturen. 

Dress  Wellington  boots,  with  emblems  inserted  on 
crown  and  cushion.  Rose,  Shamrock,  and  Hustle,  ftD.p 
and  omamentally-finiBhed  top,  53  stitdies  in  the  indi. 

Patent-leather  top  boots,  with  emblem  worked  in  tlie 
tongue;  crown,  and  cushion. 

Black  satin  dress  Wellington  boots,  with  patent-leather 
toe,  cap,  and  back-strap. 

Satin  dress  boots,  with  elastic  side  springs. 

Dress  patent-leather  pumps. 

Dress  shoes,  without  seam  or  stitch  in  eithor  tops  or 
bottoms.  

151  Hudson,  A.,  Cranhrook — ^ManuDEU^urer. 
Pair  of  top-boots,,  m'ith  seamless  l«gi  and  topi. 


Kingdom.] 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIR. 
Areas  O.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


525 


152         Weight,  Richard,  Richmond,  Yorkshire — 

ManufSacturer. 
P.&tent  boots  snd  shoes,  free  from  seam  or  roughness 
under  the  sole  of  the  foot.    The  sole  is  not  dependent  on 
■i  welt,  or  narrow  slip  of  leather,  but  is  attached  to  the 
upper-leather. 

15.*^      Vincent,  R.,  Glastonbury — ^Manufacturer. 
Suit  of  leather  clothes,  to  imitate  superfine  black  cloth. 


154  Clark,  Benjaxin,  57  Lo^nther  Street,  Whitehaven — 
Improver  and  Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  Cumberland  boot  clogs. 


ISoBcBGEn^  Qbo.,  So*dh  BHdfje,  Edinburgh — Designer 

and  BCanulacturer. 

Improved  Balmoral  shooting  boots,  impervious  to  water. 

Highland  brogues.     Specimens  of  the  shoes  worn  witli 
the  foil  Highland  costume  in  ball  or  drawing  room. 


l.>6  Baxteb,  Richard,  Thir$k,  Yorkshire — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Pair  of  walking  boots,  with  clogs  and  springs  attached, 
for  ewe  in  walking. 

Pair  of  skating  boots,  with  spring  attached  to  the  wrist 
of  the  foot,  and  the  skate-iron  working  with  a  pivot  at 
the  heel.  

1 57     Prflow,  William,  Bro>minj  Street,  Stafford — 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies'  white  satin,  ottoman  silk,  green  shot,  goloshed, 
elastic  button  gaiter  <new  design).  Elastic  gusset,  having 
no  front  aeam.  Fawn-coloured  lasting  side  lace  and  cash- 
boota,  &c. 

Goloshed  boots;  in  a  new  style. 

Velvet  carriage  tie  boots. 

Satin,  kid,  velvet,  and  morocco  morning  slippers. 

Silk  elastic  cloth  and  button  shoes;  of  new  design. 


l»^i«»     noix;E,  W..  .*^/«/v-V/?/r/j/',  D'}rsct — Manufuctiuxjr. 
A  i-nir  of  hunting  V»oot«<. 

\iiV2     Medwix  &  Co.,  8fj  lietjmt  Stnd — Maniifivctiircr. 

Ivet;:l*t**rc»l  elastic  lx>ots.  Klafltie  ai<le,  dross,  and  other 
U  -jti*.  To}>-l>.x)tfl  for  racinp,  weight  of  each  boot  L'J 
■  ■  iijoe*,  or  under  .') jounces  the  pair. 


!♦;:'►         Hall,  J.  Sfarkk-s,  30S  nr.jcnt  Strcd— 

Manufacturer. 
Ancient.  Briti.-jh,  and  Koniau  shoe.n  and  sandals.  Anglo- 
Kax»d  *h*n-*  and  )j<K>t8  of  the  7th  century.  Norman  half 
y.,.,..f.  i.f  RoWrt  (the  Con^uerorH  el<le.st  son).  Decorated 
*h»"«  '-f  the  11th  century.  Kicliard  Cccur  de  Lion's 
h  -'t:«.  Norman  Hhoc.-*,  with  loni:  pointed  toes  and  cliains. 
L-nj  jKiintcl  j*h«HM,  worn  by  Kichard,  constable  of 
i  hi-t*  r.  in  the  rei;^  of  Stephen.  King  John's  Loot.i, 
r.*?hly  d«?o»rated  with  circles.  Henry  the  Third's  boots. 
r''r.i»-il  frr.m  hi.-?  tomb  in  Westminster  Abbey.  St. 
S*;thiu'»»  i»h«»e»«.  rii^hts  and  lefts.  Elegimt  shoes  of  tho 
t.iuf  of  PVlward  I.  Shoe*  with  blue,  red,  and  white 
#t'«*.kin?H.  Sh«M»  of  the  time  of  Richard  II.  Ik)ot  of  the 
t T^e  of  E«lw:ird  III.  Shoes  of  Henry  VIII.  and  tlie 
lUrl  of  Surrey,  with  wide  toes.  I5oots  of  the  time  of 
^'harltw  I.  and  II.  Roots  and  high -quartered  nhoes, 
Willum  arid  M.u'V.  Sh^nrs  during  the  reigns  of  (Jeorge 
I..    II..  Aiid  III.     Tlie  Duchess  of  York's  shoe,   y^  inches 

Klstfitic  »hoe  r'ole*.  cut  by  machinerj*. 

KU-ti?  tfajter*.  &c. 

Vulcanixefl  India  nibWr  goloshes. 


ir,4  Hall  *  Co..    W.l'iwjt-n,  Sirr.t,  Str.in^I- 

l*ut4*ntet's  an<l  Manuf;u.t\irer-4. 
I-  -.*#  and    shoc4   mode  of  leather-cl«»th,    or  pjiunus- 
c  -r.  .:u.     Tlicy  are  cleane<l  with  ordinary  blacking. 


165  Lbwen,  Richard  George,  22  Portman  Place, 
Edgware  Poad — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Mechfuiical  lasts,  made  from  models  taken  from  nature, 
A  cast  of  the  foot  is  taken  in  plaster,  and  from  this  the 
shape  is  reproduced  in  wood,  by  machinery. 

166  Hartley,  Joshua,  11  King  Street,  St.  James* s  Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Top-boots,  of  English  leather;  boot  polish. 

168  Godfrey  &  Hancock,  3  Conduit  Street,  Regent  St, — 

Inventors  imd  Manufacturers. 
New  ladies'  house  and  walking  boot. 
Satin,  kid,  and  primella  shoes. 
Waterproof  over-shoes  and  extensible  goloshes,  &c. 

169  Cant,  G.  W.,  69  High  .»(>/5om— Manufacturer. 
Patent  boot-tree  for  bootmakers'  use. 


170  J£'Dowall,  W.,  1 1  Mills  Jhiitdings,  Knpjhtsbridge. 
Ankle -supporting  boots  for  ladies  and  children  with 

weak  ankles,  and  is  also  applicable  to  gentlemen's  boots. 
Provisionally  registered. 

171  Desmond,  Michael — Manufacturer. 

Pair  of  dress  patent-leather  gentleman's  boots;  square 
edge ;  forepart,  40  stitches  to  the  inch ;  sole  and  welt 
thickness  of  a  sixpence  ;  channel  waist ;  and  inch  and  a 
half  heel. 


173   Gcjndry,  William,  1  Soho  Stjuare — Manufacturer. 

Ladies'  and  children's  boots  and  shoes,  including  speci- 
mens in  different  colours,  and  shapes  of  the  **  soccopedes 
elasticus." 

Boots  made  of  clastic  silk,  but  without  the  side 
gus.9ets.  Cork  soled  boots,  made  with  Bowie's  patent 
elastic  waistpieces. 


174    Marsh,  F.,  148  Oxford  ;?/re<7f— Manufacturer. 
Assortment  of  ladies*  and  children's  boots  and  shoes. 


17<>    GOODEVE,  GfX)RGE,   HiJo/m  Shrrt,   Cn'tchcd  Fi'i'trS — 

Designer  and  Inventor. 
A  i)air  of  top  boots,  for  horse  i*acing;  weight,  3  ounces; 
miule  in  four  hours. 


177  Guppv,  John  William,  2  I'rinccs  C<»trt,  J)or^ct 

I'ltirr,  I'd/ 1  Mall  East — Manufacturer. 
Ljwlies'  cloth  button  boots,  stitched  welts  .ind  patent 
leather,  goloshed. 

178  Winter,  C,  Xoncu.'h — Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  boots  and  shoes,  with  embellished  soles. 

170     Gilbert  cS:  Co.,  old  lU-nd  .s7/rt7— Manufacturer. 

Jockey,  hunting,  HoMerness.  shooting,  and  dress  boots. 
Lady's  riding  b(»uts.  Eljwtic  himting  boots,  with  ehwtic 
gores  at  the  bend  of  the  knee,  fitting  without  wrinkles 
in  any  |M»sition  of  the  leg,  ande<iually  swlapted  for  walking 
or  riding.     Registered. 


180  DowiE,  Jamkh,  4:»:)>7r.'«'f— Inventor, 

Patentee,  and  Manufjicturcr. 

Boots  and  shot's,  in  adult  and  smuUer  sizes.  Military 
boots. 

Model  of  a  mnchine  to  reli«;ve  tho  boot  and  shoemaker 
from  the  usual  constrained  posture. 

181  Tayix)R  &  Howlev,  :).■{  a,>iriu-f  r/r;5s  and  25 

Sfiri.!  I  li  ir,ln,< — Manufacturers. 
Bo(tts  and  shoes,  made  with  the  patent  ela>«lic  waists, 
formed  of  India  rubber  and  prepared  leather,  admitting 
of  the  natural  action  of  tlie  feet,  and  giving  o;isc  to  tho 
wearer.  Exhibited  for  diirability  and  economy.  Tho 
application  of  this  principle  L?  reprei»cntf<l  in  the  cut  ou 
the  next  l»iige. 


626 


Class  IC— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES,   " 

Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


[UXTTBD 


By  this  plan  thick  soles  are  freed  from  rigidity;  and 
persons  accustomed  to  wear  thin  soled  shoes,  may  use  with 
advantage  the  stouter  kinds  made  on  this  principle.  The 
soles  are  made  with  guttapercha,  cork,  or  leather.  Having 
layers  of  felted  hair  worked  between  the  soles,  unpleasant 
creaking  is  avoided,  and  elasticity  and  warmth  imparted. 


Me«n.  Taylor  and  Bowley'a  Patent  ElaUic  Waist  BooU. 
(179,  180,  181,  ifi"ft  Avenue,  West). 

182  Hall,  R.,  97a  Quadrant,  Regent  Street — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Boots  and  shoes  of  elastic  enamelled  cloth,  for  tender 
feet. 
India-rubber  goloshes  and  fishing-boots. 

182a    Dodson,  J.,  79  Chis>rell  Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  boots,  shoes,  and  slippers. 

183  Gates,  Thomas  Frederick,  5  Upper  Eaton  Street, 

PinUico — ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Wigs,  showing  a  transparent  parting,  free  from  ''roots" 
or  short  hair,  and  other  improvements. 

184  Hodges,  T.,  316  Oxford  Street — Manufacturer. 
Self-adjusting  shoe,  in  ordinaiy  leather  enamel,  and 

in  buckskin,  showing  the  effect  of  a  composition  for  fill- 
ing up  and  waterproofing  the  surface,  and  its  suscepti- 
bility of  receiving  a  polish. 

Plan  for  removing  the  appearance  of  bunions. 

Boots  in  illustration  of  the  self-adjusting  principle. 


186        Pattison,  Edward,  74  Oxford  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies*  boots  and  shoes. 


188  Barker,  Wm.  George,  18  Old  Cavendish  Street— 

Inventor  and  Blanufacturer. 
Pair  of  gentleman's  Oxonian  shoes,  closed  by  an  invi- 
sible elastic  fastening.     Registered  pair  for  a  lady. 

189  Bird,  Wiluam,  86  Oxford  Street — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Ladies*  elastic  boots,  Tinthout  any  gusset  at  the  sides, 
liegistered  boots  without  any  seam  up  the  front. 

190  WiLDSMiTH,  Matthew,  1  Sherrard  Street,  Golden  Sq, 

— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Flexible  Wellington  boots,  with  springs  at  the  sides. 

191  Clarke,  Edward  Wm.,  12  Southampton  Rote, 

Bloomsbunj — Manufacturer  and  Inventor. 
Boots  and  shoes  of  various  kinds  and  styles.     Casts  and 
lasts  for  deformed  feet,  &c. 


192        HiCKBON  &  Sons,  20  West  SnMfield— 
Manufacturers  or  Designers. 

Boots  and  shoes,  of  various  qualities  and  forms,  includ- 
ing specimens  with  elastic  fronts  and  sides,  gutta  i)ercha 
and  cork  soles. 

Specimens  of  the  various  kinds  of  boots  and  shoes,  sup- 
plied for  the  use  of  the  British  army  and  na\'y,  the  police, 
and  the  public  institutions. 

Si>cciineus  of  winter  boots  and  shoos,  made  of  patent 
machine- felt. 

SiUiiples  of  the  material  employed  in  the  manufacture. 


194  Hubert,  Charles,  292  Regent  St. — Manufacturer. 

Wellington,  top,  elastic,  registered,  and  other  booti 
and  shoes. 

A  boot  and  shoe  made  from  a  single  piece  of  leather. 


195  Heath,  Stephen  H.,  38  Poultry,  and  175*.  Martt^r- 

le-Grand — Designer. 

Boots  and  shoes  of  soft  leather. 

Patent  waterproof  and  other  leather  boots  and  shoes, 
for  dress  or  walking. 

Boots  and  shoes  of  ordinary  calf -skin. 


196  Crow,  Thomas,  3  Maidenhead  Court,  Cripplegate — 
Designer,  Manufacturer,  and  Proprietor. 

A  patent  leather  boot,  'with  shell  heel,  satin  waist,  and 
square  edge;  the  heel,  two  inches  high,  is  composed  of 
fifty  lifts,  worked  in  the  style  of  a  shell,  the  substance  of 
each  being  one-eighth  of  an  inch. 

Pair  of  full-dress  boots. 


197  Peal,  Nathantel,  11  Duke  Street,  Groscenor  Square 

— Manufacturer. 
Half-leg  hunting  boots,  and  whole-leg  hunting  or  fish- 
ing boots,  of  waterproof  leather. 


198    Cremer,  George,  &;  Co.,  Old  ICeni  Road — 
Manufacturers  and  Inventors. 
Registered  Wellington  boots,  made  on  a  new  principle; 
one  exhibited  in  a  complete  state,  and  the  other  in  the 
course  of  manufacture. 


199  Roootham,  Samuel,  28  Netctf/n  Street,  Birmingham 

Manufacturer. 
Clogs,  made  of  gutta  percha,  leather,  and  wood,  with 
patent  fastening. 

200  Brotchie,  Richard,  3  Oxendon  Street,  Haymnrket 

— Inventor  and  Proprietor. 
Patent  vulcanized  plate  for  boots  and  shoes,  to  resist 
wet  or  damp. 

Six  pairs  of  boots  and  shoes  with  vulcanised  soles. 


201  Norman,  Saml^l  Wills,  4  Oakley  Street, 
Westminster  Road — Inventor  and  Manufiacturer. 

Ladies*  cork  and  leather  boots,  waterproof,  and  light. 
Ladies'  shoe;  the  heel  of  wliich  will  retain  its  polish. 

202  HoBY,  George,  48  St.  Jame^s  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Napoleon  boots,  made  of  waterproof  leather.  Top  boots, 
Wellington  boots,  and  Oxford  shoes,  of  tiie  same  outerial. 
Specimens  of  the  leather,  unmanufactured.   Composition 
vnih.  which  the  articles  are  cleaned. 


203      Schaller,  J.,  19  Charles  Street,  Middletex 
Hospital — Inventor  and  Manu&oturer. 
New  water-proof  boots  and  shoes  and  overshoes.  ClogSy 

elastic  gaiters,  boots,  &c. 


204  Ridley,  J.,  St.  Paul's  C7/i 'ircAyar<^— Manufacturer. 
Ladies*  boots  and  shoes. 


205    WiLSHiN,  S.  B.,  86  Albany  Ro<ul,  Cambenetil— 

Manufacturer. 
Skating-boots  on  a  new  principle. 


206  Walker,  Edward,  19  Whitecross  Plaee,  WBaom  St., 
Finshnry — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Registered  ladies*  elastic  Victoria  riding  and  walking 
boot. 


207        Walsh,  William,  7  Buckingham  Place, 
Pittnty  Stjwtre — ^Manufacturer  and  I>esigner. 
A  imv  of  shoes. 


KntoDOM.] 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIR. 
Abeas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  TO  14. 


527 


208   Stahlbt,  C,  238  High  Street,  Boroitgh — Inventor. 

Model  of  a  shoe,  oompoeed  of  black  ebony,  with  gold 
Irackle  and  studs,  placed  on  a  stand  made  of  kinir-wood, 
eomprising  74  pieces.    A  specimen  of  wortmanwnip  for 


209  Saltbb,  Obobob,  46  Windsor  Street,  Islington— 

Inrentor  and  BCanufacturer. 
Pur  of  new-invented  cork  boots,  waterproof  in  the 
solas,  independently  of  the  cork,  and  waterproof  round 
tike  sides  <h  the  upper  to  the  extent  of  one  inch,  so  as  to 
allow  ventilation.  The  cork  inside  is  uncovered,  and  so 
eonstmcted  as  not  to  be  displaced  by  wearing.  Adapted 
for  ladies'  riding  and  walking  boots. 

210  PoLLBiT,  Thomas,  Earfs  Cowrt,  Kensington — 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Wellington  boots,  with  revolving  leather  heel ;  ladies' 
boots,  with  revolving  brass  heel;  three  model  revolving 
lieels.  

211  TaoMAS  &  SoK,  36  St.  James* t  Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Jack-boot,  regulation  for  the  Household  cavalry.   Stout 
bnntint?.  racing,  Wellington,  laced  shooting,  silk  stocking 
I,  beasian,  button,  and  other  boots. 
Highland  brogues.    Model  pump.   Regulation  steel  and 
gilt  spurs.  

212  GowDOji,  Ej>miSf  ^  A,  Princes  Street,  Leicester 

Square — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Screw  clump-sole  boots,  with  pegged  waist. 


213 


Frederick,  8  Cartwright  Street, 
Hoyal  Mint — Maker  and  Proprietor. 
Ladies*  cork  sole  boots,  made  of  royal  purple  silk  velvet, 
embroidered  with  rose,  shamrock,  and  thistle,  and  the 
oak  and  laureL 

215    CiTBRIB,  James,  3  Ponton  Street,  /fat/market — 
Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
I::.f»rovcd  waterproof  boot**. 


21»»    FAfULViai,  Oliver,  .'J»»  WitpWfre  Street,  dirnvlish 
Sf  oirr — Inventor  and  Maker. 
Pair  of  waterprfK)f  tirthin^  or  nhooting  boot8. 


•Jl«»  BRir¥;R*,  Charles  H.,  :>7  n,nrloffr  Strrrt, 
['•trti'tni  /'/.»»•  —Invcnt4>r  Jind  Maiimfjicturer. 
II«Tn*t4Te<i  rotary  luM'l  for  lx>ot«  and  nhoes,  in.'wlo  either 
in  lf.4th*-r  or  «<m>*1.  completely  detached  from  the  boot  or 
*■';•-•.  When  the  U*ather  or  wo<k1  in  worn  awav,  it  can  l)o 
rvr,' wr«i  with  very  little  tnuiblo  and  expense,  whilo  the 
i^»r.LlIic  i«art  will  la^^t  for  a  conniderable  period. 

22*  •        Bbcbett,  Grorcr,  41  Fmrhnrch  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Varioiw  boots. 


222    Lascpale,  IIkn'RV,  r»7  }fn>int  Street,  (InKtrenor 

Si'i^ire  — Man»ifjw;turer. 
i  1*;l«lren'H    \x**ttA    and    nhoeH,    in    vjiriouH    fonn«   and 
n.sf«-r:.kU;  the  binding  or  needlework  by  Ann  and   Helen 
I^AHiT'Lil**.     Side-button  l>ootJ4  Htiffenwl  roun<l  the  .'uikles. 

22  4     lioBFJiT,  A.,  123  AVy./i/.sV r.v'^-Manu fact uror. 


227         Grc.vdt.  Thomas.  44  .>7.  }fartiu's  L. 


tne. 


and  \.\.\  Lr'vlriulill  Street. 
I#<<«t«   ma<le  of  Iwither   j»n'i>.'ire<l    by  a   new   process, 
wh:.  \i  renders  them  Moft  and  i»liable,  having  a  tine  i>olinh. 
ju*.  1  rvijuiring  no  bhtcking. 

22"*    ^^VTT.  S.  T.,  1   I'ni.n  Sh-'it,  Sniith'r.irl:     Inventor. 
V  %r\  *'i«  n-VTAternl  hi^itj*.  with  -^li'liu''  and  mov»'al»h.'  toes. 


230         Garner,  David,  41  FinshHry  Market — 
Manufacturer  and  Designer. 

Portable  boot-trees  of  one  leg  only,  comprising  the 
means  of  treeing  five  different  kinds  of  boots  and  shoes; 
containing  also  a  sot  of  blacking-brushes,  blacking,  boot- 
hooks,  powder-box,  &c. 

Boot-lasts,  adapted  for  diseases  of  feet,  bunions,  &c. 

Wellington  boot  lasts.    Boot  and  shoe  lasts. 

235  Geary,  Nicholas,  61  St.  Jame^s  Street — 

Inventor  and  ManufActurer. 
Improved  jack  boots. 

Regimental  gloves,  intended  to  show  an  improvement 
in  the  gauntlet. 

236  Bowler,  James,  2  Little  Portland  Street— 

Manufacturer. 
Lasts,  trees,  and  stretchers  for  ladies'  and  gentlemen's 
boots. 

237  Smith,  J.,  Bedford — Inventor  and  Patentee. 
Soccopedes  elasticus.     Ladies'  boot. 

238  Hewlett,  Anthony,  5  BtwUiigton  Arcade — 

Part  Inventor. 
Busts   of  Her  Majesty,    His  Royal   Highness   Prince 
Albert,  and  the  Prince  of  Wales;   exhibited  to  display  a 
new  method  of  artificial  hair  without  springs,  elastics,  or 
ribbons. 

240      Butterworth,  William,  &  Co.,  9  Great  Dover 
Street,  and  4  Sucan  Street,  Southicark — Inventors 
and  Manufacturers. 
The  registered  Panelastic  boot;  obviating  the  imsightly 

appearance  and  other  disadvantages  of  inserted  gores. 


241    Marshall,  C.,  207  Oxford  Street — Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  boots  and  shoes. 


242        Parker,  John,  35  Danie  Street,  Dublin — 

Manufacturer. 

Boots: — Gentlemen's  enaiuelle<l  leather  bro\%-n  top; 
patent  Napoleon;  cork-.solo  walking  ;  patent  leather 
dress;  and  drejw  oiK-m;  with  varioiw  others*.  Morocco 
k'ather  slippers,  eiiihroidered  with  royal  armn  in  goM. 

liudics'  white  tabinet  and  black  natin  sj)ring-rtide  boots 
and  drcs8  nhoeH.  iJutton  walking  shoes.  Kid  bootw. 
Cork-sole  l)0()t.s.  All  made  of  Iiish  niatenalt*  and  maim- 
fjicture. 

24'^       WKnn,  Edward,  llo/vr^v/./-— Manufacturer. 

Coloure<l  hair-cloth,  and  cloth  composed  of  hair  and 
pilk,  f«)r  covering  cluui-s,  sof;w,  &c. 

Hoi'fie-hair  carjiet,  woven  like  Brussels  carpet,  and  suit- 
able for  halls,  olHces,  churches,  &c. 

244  BURCKSS,  R.,  !.')&  ir,  ftj.rni  Arr.ofr,    C/.nrlcs  Stnrt, 
St.  Jaimw's — Inventor  and  Manufjirturer. 
Improved  wig.      New  hair-brushes,     liimdoline. 


245        Brownf,  Frkdkrick,  47   Feurhunh  Strc't — 
Manuf;ioturer  and  Designer. 
Indies*    and    gentlemen's   head-ilresses  of  ornamental 
hair. 

24*>  lUyvcuvT,  C,  74a  Xnr  //o/<J  >7/vr/— Manufacturer. 

SfKJcimens  of  the  new  improv«'d  crochet -work  in  uii; 
makinir.  on  skin  jukI  on  net.  Tlie  mechanism  on  the 
mo\in;^  scalp  is  to  show  the  difference  in  the  aj>j»earance 
of  a  h»*;ul  with  and  without  a  scalp. 

247      BtrK,  HouKRT,  71*  r/,/-.iy..v„/,    -Manufacturer. 

Liwly's  hejul  dress,  gentlemiui's  peruke,  front  hea<l 
drej*s<'s.  pie<'«*  of  straitdit  hair.  iS:c.,  showi?i"j  the  improve- 
ments made  in  wiir  nuikin:^'  during'  the  i»ast  ten  yeai*s. 

21H    Bossi,  I.oris  J^*  /.''/'•/</  Strnt     Inventor  and 

M.iimfiutiii»'i . 


Wi;'H  of  various  kinds. 


lo.T 


Oiiiciai.  Ilia'stuatid  ('.iT.\I.<Ka*F..l 


J  T 


528 


Class  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Arkas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  TO  14. 


[  U>'XTBD 


249  Winter,  William,  205  Oxfonl  .9</wf— Inventor. 
TrouHparent  wigs  for  ladies  and  gentlemen;    head- 
dresses, &c.  

250  Prevost,  Mark,  100  St.  Mttrtins  Lane,  Westmuisfcr 

— Inventor  and  Maker. 
A  >vig,  from  which  the  transverse  elaatic  band  (that 
covorR  the  apex  of  the  toni])los  of  the  wearer)  is  remove<l, 
and  circulation  in  the  arteries  preserved.  The  metal 
cross  spring  (used  in  ojHjn  temple  wigs^  to  grasp  the 
hesid  is  not  employed.  Tlie  invention  consists  of  two 
springs  placed  over  the  temple.s,  which  expand  while  the 
wig  is  being  drawn  on,  and  collapse  to  hold  it  on  perma- 
nently,   

251  Carles,  H.  R.,  45  Xcc  Bund  Stnct— 

Inventor  and  Manufsicturer. 

Large  wax  hea<l,  with  white  bald  knotted  wig;  the 
same  with  knotted  false-hair  beard . 

A  A^ig,  knotted  on  strong  material. 

Lady's  head-dress,  with  ti-ansporent  division. 

Bald  white  wig,  with  skin  top,  made  with  braid. 

Transparent  scalp. 

Gentleman's  wig,  the  division  made  of  hair  only;  the 
same  with  trausjiarcnt  division. 

253         Isidore  &  Brandt,  'J17  Hiymt  Street — 
Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
\^^ute  wig,  with  the  arms  of  England  f4)rmod  by  work 
in  hair.  Teruke  li  la  Marie  Stuart.    Powdered  \rig,  in  the 
reign  of  Louis  XV.     Lady's  wig.  after  nature.     Vai'ious 
wigs,  fronts,  and  curls,  produced  by  a  new  i)rocess. 

255     Worn,  Richard,  17  Datrson  Street,  Dnhlin — 

Manufacturer. 
"  Gossamer"  ti^ansparcnt  Tcmjile  spring  wig,  \\ith  crojw 
division;  and  with  parting  of  crdpo.      Weft,  with  skin 
parting,  to  avoid  coiiti-tu'tion,  &c. 


250 


Madden  &  Black,  C  ipet  Street,  Ihiblm — 
Manufacturers. 
Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  ]>orukes,  with  skin  partings, 
and  with  transparent    paiiings.      Latlies'   fronts,  auJ  a 
gcntloimm's  peruke,  with  gossamer  i)arting.      Improve<l 
bar  ^ig. 

257  Douglas,  R.,  .'J+  Xnrth  A"'ifrff  Strert — Inventor. 

T*a<ly*K  head-dress.  The  haii-  it*  7  feet  long,  King  joined 
together  so  as  to  apiKjar  of  one  Icn^rth. 

Circular  hair  brusihes,  cajiable  of  revolving  cither  way, 
or  of  being  used  as  an  onlinai-y  brusih. 


259  Cacssb,  D.  A.,  207  Ht^i-nt  Strot — Manufacturer. 

I-rfidies'  hiiir  fronts,  on  tr.uisparent  silk  net,  in  various 
stvles. 

Lsulies'  and  gentlemen's  penikes,  on  lino  Malines  silk 
net.  and  iimirted  tlirougli  the  skin. 

Gentleman's  scalp. 

200  MussA,  MiciiKi^  4  lV<.'/or/.i7?<-r'/,  P'lnJ.tLV — Inventor 

and  Manufactuivr. 
Improveti  specimens  i>f  theatrical  wigs  and  beards. 

261         Pigott,  Joseph,  (VA— Manufacturer. 

A  lady's  head-dress,  intended  iis  a  useful  and  ornamen- 
tal BulMtitute  for  the  natursil  hair;  it  is  light  and  trans- 
parent, each  hair  being  set  in  singly. 

2(>2  RoBKY,  W.  liichiivjud,  Surrey — Inventur. 

Ladies'  head-dress. 


264  Tyz-VCK,  W.  v.,  A'finriVA— Manufacturer. 

Si^ecimens  of  false  hair,  which  show  the  skin  of  the 
head  between  every  hair. 

265  O'LiLiRY,  JoHX,  5:i  .<,"f/t  M„U^  C'jr':,  Ird  <u.l  - 

Manufactui-er. 
Improved  gentleman's  wig,  each  hair  hiw  been  worked 


in  separately  on  the  net,  which  constitutos  the  ground  or 
frame  work,  and  renders  it  transparent. 

266  Kelsey,  John  Turner,  Litu/field,  East  Gruutead — 

Mimufacturcr. 

Crop  liide  of  North  Wales  runt,  of  the  great  weight  of 

82  lbs.,  tanned  with  Sussex  oak-bark;  used  for  boot  and 

shoe  sdles,   and  for  machinery.      Prepared  at  Batnor^a 

tan-yaixl,  in  Liugfield.      The  tanning  occupied  two  years. 

[The  process  of  tanning — that  ia,  of  the  combination  of 
the  tannic  acid  of  the  oak  bark  with  the  gelatine  of  the 
hide— is  generally  a  slow  one;  in  the  preeent  instance 
remarkably  so.  New  methods  of  haatening  it  forward 
have  been  introduced;  but  it  is  said  that  the  leather  thus 
produced  is  not  equal  in  solidity  and  durability  to  that 
obtained  in  the  ordinary  slow  manner. — R.  E.] 

267  DuciE,  Earl,  Torttrorth  Court,  Wotton-wider-EAfe, 

0  Umcestershire — Exhibitor. 
Cart  harness,  for  agricultural  and  other  purposes,  with 
Vick's  improved  registered  homes — constnicted  to  give 
facility  of  draught  by  raising  or  lowering  the  huffing- 
tugs.  Tlie  cai-t-saddle  and  collar  ore  imule  of  patent 
leather,  with  rollers  in  the  tree  of  the  cart-eaddle  upon 
which  the  back-band  works  freely.  Made  by  Riclnid 
Vick,  saddle  and  harness  maker,  Oloucester. 


2r»0  Taylor,  T.,  Banbury,  Oxoh — Inventor. 

Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  riding-saddles,  inflated  with 
air.  Hunting -saddles,  with  ])atent  moveable  |ianela. 
Ilegistered  bits,  various  webs,  &c. 

270        Oakley,  Tom,  Maidatunc — Designer  and 

Manufactiu*er. 
L.-vly*s  saildle,  quilted  all  over,  with  ftmcy  wool-work 
intmduceil.      The  off-siile  hetid  is  disjiciuied  with,  and 

lightness  made  an  object. 


271  Saunders,  Francis  Woolhoitse,  Thame,  Oxtm — 

Manufacturer. 
A  four-horse  cart  liaiiiess,  for  agricultural  and  general 
purposes ;  the  blinkers  made  with  plate«>,  similar  to  carriuge 
harness,  i)revcnting  any  injuiy  to  the  eyes. 

272  Blowers,  William  Randall,  IH'jh  Street,  M'lldm, 

Kssr  V — Manufacturer. 
Variety  of  liamess  for  di'aught  horses. 

273  Cowan,  Laculan,  Barrhmd,  Xeic  Aris/ty— 

l*ro<lucer. 
Set  of  ciu^  harness. 

275        Cox,  Thomas,  Binf  Ohd  Lane,  S%trvkh — 
1  )esigiier  and  Manufacturer. 
Pony  hanuvs,  wt»ven  from  flax  grown  in  Norfolk. 
Fancy  bitskets,  woven  from  the  same  niateriala. 


277  Charge,  Robert,  Hurse  Market,  iMrliiujton, 

Ihu'haiii — Maimfacturer. 
Siiddlc,  adapted  for  nding  or  hunting,  light  in  weighty 
and  new  in  style. 

278  Dax,  Richard,  JI!>jh  Street,  Wehhpouf,  Xorih  Wttla 

—  Inventor. 
Harness  and  riding  briflles,  with  noseband  horse-stopper 
attached. 

2  7  0      PoLiAX^K ,  Ja M  tis,  151  Stitelnrell  Street,  Glaaifov 

— Manufacturer. 
Com])let.e  set  of  Scotch  horse  hamess,  inclutUng  the 
viu*ious  lulicles  thiit  a  horse  requires  when  in  yoke. 

283    CozKNR  &  Grkatrex,  Walsall — ^Manufacturer. 

Tinned  and  curried  leather  for  bridles  and  reiiw;  and 
for  stiiTUp  leathei-s. 
Curried  hog-skins  for  saddles.    Seal -skins  for  saddle* 

welts. 


Krcodom.] 


SKINS,  FUK,  AND  HAIR. 
Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


629 


2M      Rajtdall  k  Dicks,  21  Greek  Street,  Soho^ 

Manufacturers. 
SkioM  for  oil  leather,  in  raw  state  and  in  various  stages 
of  iiiMiufKtiire.     Bnek,  doe,  calf,  sheep,  and  lamb  skins, 
Cnkhed;  with  specimens  in  breeches,  gloves,  braces,  and 
ptftooforte  hammers. 

285  PiTLLMAK,  R.  W.  &  J.,  17  Greek  Street,  Soho— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  oil  leather  in  various  stages  of  dressing, 
.,  back,  doe,  fiswn,  buffalo,  calf,  sheep,  and  lamb  skins. 


[The  process  of  oil  or  chamois  leather  dressing,  as  prac- 
tised in  Eogland,  consists  in  beating  fish  oil  into  the  pores 
of  the  skin,  and  afterwards  partially  drying  or  oxygenating 
the  oil.  When  the  skin  is  perfectly  saturated  by  the  re- 
process  of  hammering  in  the  mill,  and  partial 
it  is  allowed  to  become  hot  by  natural  fermeuta- 
tion,  and  then,  by  washing  in  strong  alkali,  becomes  the 
•ofiost  and  most  pliable  of  all  kinds  of  leather.] 


286  O 


k  Palmeb,  Grange  Koad,  Bermondsei/ — 
ManufiEicturers. 

Japanned  border,  bag,  horse,  and  split  hides.  Black, 
green,  blue,  drab,  maroon,  crimson,  and  brown  ena- 
melled hides.  The  border  hide  is  manufactured  from 
the  hide  of  an  ox,  being  (as  far  as  practicable)  left  the 
whole  thickness;  the  other  hides  (with  the  exception  of 
the  horse)  are  the  same  description  of  hide,  split  by  ma- 
dhine  to  any  required  thickness ;  thus  making  two,  whereas 
formerly  the  hide  had  to  be  shaved  to  the  proper  thick- 
■•■•  by  manual  labour. 

The  japanned  split  hide  shows  the  flesh  side  curried 
anil  japanned  for  coach  purposes. 


288  JjCftsosi,  RoBT.  B.,  9  Hampstetid  St.,  Fitzroy  Sqwire 

— Inventor. 
New  mode  of  cleaning  and  restoring  worn  and  decayed 
M''*n»co'j  l«ather,  for upholsterj' purposes,  cuach  linings,  &c. 

2^'.*        Gtx>BCE,  Joseph,  HI  [)^,m  strcrt,  S<}/io — 

Manufictiiivr. 

*'b':\t  :%n<\  j>^iiit<»<l  loathtT,  cHpuble  (»f  bcint;  made  of  any 
1*1  \*\i  .iii'l  ItD^h,  for  the  hai);j:in^8  of  roonirt,  screens,  iVc. 

V,in'»ti-»  -|«.i*i!iifUrt  of  ornaiiient.-il   leathrr,    Ixutlcrings 
f-r  T.-»>'lf  TojM.  e«l;^eji  of  I>ix)k-Hhelvc8,  covering;  furniture, 

K':.>f->»-«*'«l  ATnl  ;:ilt    le.ithor,   of  differeut  lengths,    for 
th'    ;.  tn/ijii^A  of  nK»nui,  ?cn^en«,  &c.,  in  every  Viunety  of 


'2.***     Utxos  k  Wuitim;,  MtH.iiw]  Strrct,  Bcnnnu/isi'/ — 

Manufat'turerH. 
••iii.jili-"*  of  enamelle<l,  japanned,  and  coloured  hidci^; 
*;:.  uz  »hich  in   one  of  the  hirgest   hide  sjilit^,    eiuTie<l ; 
«:.  i  il-»  a  bide  nplit  into  throe,  the  grain  enamelled,  and 
tL'-  rw  •  -pliu  JAjKinni'd. 

T}.v  Uid^Line  by  u  hich  a  «»kin  'ia  pplit  into  two  or  three 
J.  r»i  •n^  i*  of  Ixrautiful  and  ingenious  construction.  It 
r  :.->t*t3sjw.nt  Ally  of  two  j^r<»r»ved  roUerH,  which  neizo  the 
*L  ::  .kfj-l  i-if^-ut  it  t'i  the  ed;;e  of  a  rapidly-moving  liori- 
7.  :it-»l  Ln:fH,  by  which  it  is  8pce<lily  split  into  halves. 
Tt^'  rr\-%t:\e  thicknewt  <»f  the  Iialve^  can  be  adjusted  by 

'J'*  ;       IVKTmiF-B.  Mortimer,  k  Co.,  In'muouhrj — 
i*n»j»riet<»r>»  and  Lwithcr  Factors. 
M  ■]'i*,  l«ath«ir,  and  t^uining  niaterialrt. 

2'*l     FVwuBD.  Jouv,  7  f'hnrrh  St>rrt,  Hmftrll  Sheet ^ 
//o-i/i/iw'/.s/'v— Manufjicturer. 
?'.'♦. •*!  *:\\f  i*kin^.  tinn(>d  an<l  drertsed  (Paris  and    Ror 

•  .-  .    X    firf'h;«»ii',  w:th  mk    h.irk  and  «»tl!er  Km:li.><li  iu-^re- 

•  .     •  •' 

l>^jt  froiiU  frum  similar  tfkluM,  blocked  aiid  fiui«*hcd. 


297  Tombs,  E.,  Theberton  Street,  hlitujUm — Producer. 
English  calf  skin. 

298  Branscombe,  S.,  Licerpooi — Manufacturer. 

Tanned  bufifalo  hides,  imported  into  London  in  a  salted 
state  from  the  Cape  of  Good  Hope,  in  1847,  and  tanned 
at  Lynn,  in  Cheshire. 


299  Heintze,  L.,  1  School  Lam,  Liverpool — Importer. 

Black  japanned  calf-skins,  tanned  and  prepared  by 
Heintze  and  Freudenberg,  Weinheim,  near  Mannheim, 
on  the  Rhine. 

300  Brown,  A.,  Milsom  Street,  Bath — Inventor. 
Peruke,  manufactiu>ed  without  stitching. 


301 


Hudson's  Bay  Company — Producers. 

(Main  Avenue  West.) 

Specimens  of  skins  from  the  Arctic  Regions,  belonging 

to  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company,  selected  for  the  Exhibition 

from  their  importation  of  1851 ;  prepared  and  arranged  by 

the  exhibitors,  from  No.  1  to  No.  27. 

[The  immense  tracts  of  country  over  which  the  Hudson's 
Bay  Company  has  control  may  bo  considered  as  vast 
hunting-grounds,  affording  a  varied  and  exhaustless  sup- 
ply of  furs.  The  territoiial  possessions  of  this  Company 
cover  nearly  one-eighth  of  the  habitable  globe.  Russia 
is  next  m  order  and  im[>ortance  in  this  respect,  but  with 
a  diflferent  race  of  animals.  The  fur  produce  of  North 
America  and  the  Canadas  is  also  important.  As  we  ap- 
proach the  tropics  and  the  warmer  regidns,  the  silky 
fur  with  which  the  animals  are  clothed  in  the  northern 
climes  disappears,  and  fur  of  a  totally  different  character 
is  mot  with,  which,  although  splendid  in  appearance,  is 
not  adapted  for  warmth  or  general  use. 

Table  of  Imports  and  Exports. 


(.'hiiK-hilla 

I5«'ar  .    .    . 

KislnT   .    . 

Vox  rcl  . 
rr«><w. 
silver 
whi;e 

Martin  .  , 
Mink  .  . 
Musqiia.<«Ii 

()tt<T.     .     . 

Fnr  !»  'rI  . 
Wolf     .    . 


n 
»» 


Total 

Import  At  ion 

into 

England. 


(0,0<M) 

H;>.(MH) 

0 ,  5<)0 
11,000 
50,000 

4,5(0 
1. 000 

1 .  .')00 

'Jo,(»oo 
;m,000 

i*:o,ooo 

24...  coo 
1  ,000,<'0i» 

i:,r.(0 

1  J.OIM) 
IJ.OOO 


Exporte<l. 


.'j2'»,000 

r?,oiio 

ao,oo<) 

M.OOO 

i  1 ,0(0 

30,000 

4,500 

1  ,OtK» 

5«;o 

1.^,000 
5o,oOO 
IS  0(0 

:5,oo(j 

l.'>o,()t>0 
IT,,'>00 
IL'.JOO 
i.>,oOO 


Cormnmcd 

in 
England. 

Nonp. 

4.^,  (HO 

55,000 
I  ,:)00 

None. 

None. 

None. 

None. 

1,000 

2.000 

5,0t0 

105,000 

ITO,(tOO 

8.>0,0^0 

None 
2,.)(»0 

None. 


1 

-^rROPKAN  Firs 

■ 

... 
... 
.  •  • 

Imported. 

Fx  ported. 

Consumed 
in 
Kn^Und. 

Martin.  Stone,  and  lUura 

S(|iiirrHl 

Kitrh 

IvOlin^Kl       .        •        .        •        •       m        m 

l-.>0,00l» 

2,'-':i,-v.H 

65,n«M 

5^1,410 

1MT,|()4 

5,000 
77. 1(0 

i:<>o 

None. 

115,000 

2,194,o«W 

3.  .Hl.» 

5<,l.'.0 

Ermiiu*     ......>•.. 

l.-Tjoi 

-J.  A.  N.J 

1.  Croup  of  black  and  Hilver  foxcA  (Vuljiitfulris,  var. 

•2.    <JrMUp  of  foXCR  (  Viil}>is  f>ih'iA,  var.   prmsS'it'l.'*). 

.1.   (Jrodp  of  nd  and  wilvrr  foxes  (  \'n!j„\  fifn.^). 
4.  ,,  white  ,,  (  \''ifpis  f'i.jnj,>>s). 

kitt  ,,  {\''t/jns  I <-!,,.>). 

[The  Mack  aiiil  A\\»*r  fox  ir*  the  most    \ahi;il»le  of  thin 
tribt;:  they  arc  generally  purchju*ed  for  the  UusHijin  and 

2  T  1 


530 


Class  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


[USITB 


Chinese  markets,  being  highly  prized  in  these  countries. 
The  cross  and  red  fox  are  used  by  the  Chinese,  Greeks, 
Persians,  &c.,  for  cloak-linings  and  for  trimming  dresses. 
The  white  and  blue  fox  is  used  in  this  and  other  coun- 
tries for  ladies'  wear.  In  the  sumptuary  laws  passed  in 
the  reign  of  Henry  III.,  the  fox  is  named  with  other  furs 
then  in  use. — J.  A.  N.] 

6.  Group  of  otter  {Lutra  Canadensis). 

[The  Hudson's  Bay  North  American  and  European 
otters  are  chiefly  exported  for  the  use  of  the  Russians, 
Chinese,  Greeks,  and  others,  for  cape,  collars,  trimming 
national  dresses,  robes,  &c.  Upwards  of  500  otters,  the 
produce  of  Great  Britain,  during  the  last  year,  were  ex- 
ported.— J.  A.  N.] 

7.  Group  of  beaver  (Castor  Amcricanm). 

[The  beaver  in  former  years  was  one  of  the  Hudson's 
Bay  Company's  most  valuable  productions;  but  since  its 
use  has  been  almost  entirely  discontinued  in  the  manu- 
fitcture  of  hats,  it  has  lost  much  of  its  value.  Experiments 
have,  however,  been  made,  and  with  prospect  of  success, 
to  adapt  its  fine  and  silky  wool  to  weaving  purposes. 
The  skin  of  the  beaver  is  prepared  by  a  new  process,  after 
which  the  surface  is  cut  by  a  new  and  ingenious  machine, 
and  the  result  is  a  beautiful  fur  for  ladies'  wear.  It  is 
exported  in  its  prepared  state  to  various  parts  of  Europe 
and  the  East.  The  rich  white  wool  from  the  under  part 
of  the  beaver  is  largely  exported  to  France. — J.  A.  N.] 

8.  Group  of  lynx  {Rlis  Canadensis), 

9.  „         lynx  cat  (Felis  Rnfa), 

[Both  the  above  furs,  when  dyed,  were  formerly  much 
used.  It  is  still  dyed  and  prepared,  and  exported  in 
large  numbers  for  the  American  market.  In  its  nattuid 
state,  it  is  a  greyish  white,  with  dark  spots,  and  is  used 
by  the  Chinese,  Greeks,  Persians,  and  others,  for  cloaks, 
linings,  facings,  &c. :  it  is  very  soft,  warm,  and  light. 
The  fur  formerly  called  the  lucem  is  the  lynx. — J.  A.  N.] 

10.  Group  of  wolf  (Canis  Occidentalis), 

11.  „         ^YiQT  {Mtistcla  Canadensis), 

12.  ,,         wolvenn  (Gulo  lusats). 

[The  wolves  are  generally  use<l  as  cloak  and  coat  linings 
in  Russia,  and  other  cold  coimtries;  also  for  sleigh- 
coverings,  and  open  travelling  carriages.  The  other  skins 
enumerated  are  principally  used  for  trimmings,  linings, 
&c.  The  tail  of  the  fisher  is  very  valuable,  and  exclusively 
used  by  the  Jews. — J.  A.  N.] 

13.  Group  of  badger  (T'.ixidea  Labradoritt). 

[The  North  American  badger  is  exported  for  general 
wear;  its  soft  fine  fur  renders  it  suitable  for  that  purpose. 
The  European  badger,  on  the  contrary,  from  the  natufe 
of  its  hair,  is  extensively  used  for  the  manufacture  of 
shaving  brushes. — J.  A.  N.] 

14.  Group  of  martin  or  sable  {Mastela  mirtes), 

[The  Hudson's  Bay  martin  is  consumed  in  large  quan- 
tities in  this  country,  in  France,  and  in  Germany.  The 
lining  of  a  mantle  made  of  black  sables,  with  white 
spots,  and  presented  by  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln  to  Henry  I., 
was  valued  at  100/.  In  Henry  the  Eighth's  reign,  a 
sumptuary  law  confined  the  use  of  the  fur  of  sables  to  the 
nobility  above  the  rank  of  viscounts. — J.  A.  N.] 

15.  Group  of  mink  {^fttstela  vison), 

[The  mink  is  exclusively  the  produce  of  the  Hudson's 
Biy  possesnions  and  North  America;  it  is  consumed  in 
Euroi)C  in  immense  numbers,  principally  for  ladies'  wear. 
—J,  A.  N.J 


16.  Group  of  musquash,  or  musk-rat  (Fiber  ztbeihicfu), 

[The  musquash,  or  large  American  musk-rat,  iBimporiad 
into  this  country  in  immense  numbers:  it  was  formeiiy 
much  used  in  the  manufacture  of  hats,  but  the  introduc- 
tion of  the  silk  hat  has  entirely  superseded  its  use;  and 
the  fur  is  employed  for  wear  after  having  undergone  pre- 
paration.— J.  A.  N.] 

17.  Group  of  weenusk  (Arctomys  empetra), 

18.  „        swan  (Cygnits  fenu), 

19.  „        white  hare  (Z^pttf  <//<icui/is). 

20.  ,y        rabbits  (Lepus  Americanvs), 

[The  Hudson's  Bay  rabbit  is  one  of  the  leaat  valuabk 
skins  imported  by  this  Company :  like  all  fun  from  th« 
Polar  regions,  its  hair  is  fine,  long,  and  thick,  but  the 
skin  is  so  fragile  and  tender  that  it  is  almost  lueleu.— 

J.A.  N.] 

21.  Group  of  black  bear  ( Ursits  Amerioanud), 

22.  „        brown  bear  (  CVuss,  var.  Amaicanvs), 

23.  ,,         grey  hesjT  (Ursus  ferox), 

[The  lazge  North  American  black  bear  is  technioilly 
termed  the  army  bear,  because  it  is  generally  used  for 
military  purposes  in  this  and  other  countries,  for  csp% 
pistol-holsters,  rugs,  carriage  hammerclothi,  sleigh  oover- 
ings,  &c.  The  fine  black  cub  bears  are  much  songlii 
after  in  Russia  for  making  shube-linings,  cottt>liningi 
trimmings,  facings,  &c.  The  other  sorts,  with  the  laigt 
grey  bears,  for  sleigh-coverings  and  aocompaniments,  fte. 
The  white  Polar  bear,  the  supply  of  which  is  very  liw»it^, 
is  generally  made  into  rugs,  which  are  often  bordered 
with  the  black  and  grey  bear.  The  brown  or  Isabella 
bear  is  at  the  present  time  used  for  ladies*  wear  in 
America.— J.  A.  N.] 

24.  Group  of  sea-otter  (Euirydra  maritima), 

[The  sea-otter  is  most  sought  after  by  the  traders,  on 
account  of  its  great  commercial  value:  it  is  said  to  be  the 
royal  fur  of  China,  and  is  much  used  by  the  officers  of 
state,  mandarins,  &c.  It  is  in  great  esteem  in  Biiiisit, 
and  principally  worn  by  gentlemen  for  collars,  cufi^ 
facings,  trimmings,  &c.  On  account  of  its  great  weight 
it  is  rarely  used  by  la<:lio8. — J.  A.  N] 

25.  Group  of  swan  quills. 

26.  ,f        goose  quills. 

27.  .,        isinglass  in  its  natural  state. 


tf 


[This  specimen  is  in  its  original  state;  by  a  subeequent 
process  it  is  prepared  for  domestic  use. — J.  A.  N.] 


301a    Nicholat,  John  Aug.,  &  Soy,  82  Oxford  Stred^ 
Collectors,  Importers,  Manufiicturers,  ftc. 

Selected  from  Canadian  importation,  with  the 

of  C.  M.  Lampson,  Esq. 

(Main  Avenue,  West,) 

28.  Group  of  racoon  (Procyon  lator), 

[The  finest  racoon  furs  are  produced  in  North 
and  are  imported  into  this  country  in  immense  numben. 
They  are  purchaseil  here  by  the  merchants  who  attend 
the  i>eriodical  fur  sales,  and  who  dispose  of  large  quantitios 
at  the  great  fair  at  Leipsic :  they  are  principally  used  in 
Russia,  and  throughout  Germany,  for  lining  shubes  and 
coats,  and  are  exclusively  confined  to  gentlemen's  wear. 
The  dark  skins  are  the  choicest,  and  are  very  valuable.] 

29.  Group  of  cat  lynx  (Felis  Rttfn), 
.'to.  Group  of  mink  (Mnstela  riVow). 

31.  Group  of  grey  fox  (VulpiM  ViryiHlmts). 

[The  Virginian,  or  North  American  grey  lbs,  is  the 


KDnSDOM.] 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIR. 
Areas  G.  U.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


631 


produoe  of  the  Ctmu\tm,  Newfoundland,  Labrador,  &c., 
aad  ia  at  preaent  much  used  for  open-carriage  wr^pen.] 

Etbofban  Fubs,  selected  by  the  exhibitors. 

32.  Group  of  Russian  sable  (Maries  zibellina), 

[The  Russian  or  Siberian  sable  is  one  of  the  most  costly 
fora,  and  is  manufactured  into  linings,  which  are  gene- 
rally used  as  presents  by  great  potentates,  being  of  the 
Taloe  of  1000  guineas  and  upwards.  The  Lord  Mayor, 
Aldermen,  and  SherifEi,  &c.,  of  the  city  of  London,  have 
their  robes  and  gowns  furred  with  this  sable  accord- 
ing to  their  respective  ranks.  The  tail  of  the  sable  is 
also  used  in  the  manufacture  of  artists'  pencils  or  brushes. 
ffrwis  produces  about  25,000  of  these  valuable  and 
aaUwiiuad  skins  annually.] 

33.  Gtroup  of  stone  martin  {Martcs  cUbogularis), 

[The  stone  martin  is  widely  spread  over  Europe,  and 
derives  its  name  from  the  fSnct  of  its  selecting  rocks, 
mined  castles,  ftc.,  as  its  haunts.  The  French  excel  in 
dying  this  fur,  and  it  is  in  consequence  termed  French 
wMm.] 

34.  Group  of  baum  martin  (Afcwtea  abietum), 

[The  baum  or  wood  martin  is  so  named  from  its  being 
iutaiiably  found  in  woods  and  pine  forests  in  Europe. 
Th«  fur  in  its  natural  state  is  similar  to  the  North 
American  sable,  but  ooaner.  It  is  distinguished  by  the 
bright  jellow  colour  of  its  throat;  when  dyed,  the  fur 
closely  resembles  the  real  sable.] 

3^  Group  of  ermine  (Muatela  ermtnea), 

[TIm  ermine  is  produced  in  most  countries ;  but  the  best 
is  from  Russia,  Sweden,  and  Norway,  and  is  killed  in 
winter  when  the  fur  is  pure  white  (except  the  tail, 
with  xta  jet  bla<^  tip),  it  being  at  that  season  in  its  greatest 
j-rf'-ction :  in  summer  and  spring  it  ia  grey  and  of  little 
*.*r  n>>  vnlue.  It  is  the  weoM^^l  of  more  southern  climes. 
Tbr  ffnuiue  ij*  the  royal  fur  of  Russia,  Oenimny,  Spain, 
I'"rtii^4il,  Italy,  &c.  In  England,  at  the  corouatiou 
f'f  the  S«»vereigii,  the  minever,  as  the  ermine  is  styled  in 
hrrfti'Lc  lan^.v;e,  ia  useil,  being  powdered,  that  is, 
<U'l-l»-«l  mith   black  spotn;  the  spoto  or  powdered  bars 

•  •n  the  uiinever  cai>e8  of  the  jKsera  and  jHieresses  being  in 
r-»ir-.  aLrA  the  number  of  n»w8  or  bars  denoting  their 
ivr.  ■  .^  •Inn'eiM  of  nmk.  The  sovereign  alone  and  the 
LI. --I  n'Vil  having;  the  minever  of  the  con>natiou  robes 
ym  v-ltrivil  all  over,  a  bliick  spot  being  inserted  in  about 
ty'-ry  -^sjare  inch  of  the  fiU",  crimson  velvet  being  iii?ed 

•  o  \\jiX  iiciasiun.  The  crown  is  also  adorned  with  a 
>.u>l  •  f  minever,  with  a  single  row  of  spots;  the  coronets 

•  f  rh*"  j^.tTii  an<i  peerejwes  having  a  similar  arrangement. 
TIht  bU*  k  *{^its  are  made  of  the  black  Astraain  lamb. 
«>n  •tattf  «M.cMioa4,  in  the  House  of  Lonls,  the  Peers 
»r*  )fcrT-*ye«l  in  their  robes  of  state,  of  scarlet  cloth  and 
r-  i  1  ".*••.  with  liam  or  rows  of  pure  minever,  more  or 
i-—  ft'..-vynling  to  th«.-ir  decrees  of  niuk;  the  80verei;ni 
k!  or  m«^Ann;!  the  r»>yal  minever,  powdered  all  (jver. 
TVe  Jud^*:*  in  their  r')l>es  of  i>thce  are  clad  in  scarlet  and 
j«ir»r  «rnuin«*.  Tlje  enaine,  with  the  tail  of  the  animal 
:ni»-Tl*-«i  therein,  ii«  uj«»*d  as  article*  of  droiM  for  hulies, 
;n  •.%'rrT  \Arifty  of  f«ina  ami  sha|)e.  licconling  to  the  dic- 
tA'-T-  of  f;iiilii<iD.  and  aliM»  as  chmk  lining.  The  minever 
c-*r«  nly  \*v  worn  on  Htate  »H?cai*ions  by  tlume  who,  by  their 
ra^k.  artr  entitled  to  xiA  us«.>;  but  a/<  an  article  of  fiishion 
f  T  1a.L«i'  wear  there  ii*  no  prohibition  in  foi*ce.  In  the 
rr  .-n  "f  K'iward  the  Tliinl,  furs  of  ermine  were  strictlv 
f  rT..lden  tij  be  worn  by  any  but  the  royal  family,  and 
It*  »**-ueral  lue  u  pruhibiteil  in  Austria  at  the  present 


time.  In  mercantile  transactions,  ermine  is  always  sold 
by  the  timber,  which  consists  of  40  skins.  The  miniver 
fur  of  a  former  era  was  the  white  belly  of  the  grey 
squirrel.] 

36.  Group  of  kolinski  (i/u«^«/a  iS'i^^ca). 

[The  kolinski  or  Tartar  sable  is  procured  from  Russia, 
belongs  to  the  weasel  tribe,  and  is  in  colour  a  bright 
yellow;  it  is  much  used  in  its  natural  state,  and  also 
dyed  to  imitate  the  cheaper  sables.] 

37.  Group  of  squirrel,  black  {Scirirm  Nijer). 

38.  „         squirrel,  blue  (^Sciurus,  var.  Niger), 

39.  ,,         squirrel,  kazan  (Sciurus,  var.  Griseus). 

40.  Ditto    s(|uirrel,  red  (Sciurus  vuigaris), 

[The  squirrel  abounds  in  Russia  (where  it  is  produced 
in  the  greatest  perfection),  in  such  immense  niuubers  as 
woidd  appear  almost  incredible;  the  importation  from 
thence  to  this  country  alone,  last  year,  exceeding2,000,000. 
The  celebrated  Weisenfels  lining  is  made  from  the  white 
part  of  the  dark-blue  squirrel.  A  full-sized  cloak -lining 
weighs  only  25  ounces :  it  is  known  as  the  petit  gris.  For 
colder  cUmates  the  linings  are  made  from  the  back  or 
plain  grey  part  of  the  squirrel,  the  best  having  part  of  the 
tail  left  on  each  skin.  Russia  produces  about  23,000,000 
annually.] 

41.  Group  of  fitch  or  pole-cat  (Putorius  fcetidus). 
[About  40  years  since  this  fur  was  more  largely  used 

than  at  present.  It  is  produced  in  the  greatest  perfection 
in  this  country.] 

42.  Group  of  Crimea  grey  lamb. 

43.  f,  Ukraine  black  lamb. 

44.  „  Astracan  black  lamb. 

45.  „  Astracan  grey  lamb. 

46.  „  Persian  black  lamb. 

47.  „  Persian  grey  lamb. 

48.  ,,  Spanish  lamb. 

49.  ,,  Himgarian  himb. 
5<>.  ,,  English  lamb. 

[The  grey  and  black  Russian  lamb  is  mostly  used  for 
gentlemen's  cloiik  and  coat  linings,  for  facings,  collars, 
caps,  &c.,  and  also  for  army  puq>oses.  The  Astracjui 
lamb  is  a  rich,  wavy,  glossy,  black  skin,  very  short  in  the 
fur,  having  the  apf)earanco  of  beautiful  watere<l  silk  : 
in  order  to  obtain  this  choice  skin,  it  is  averred  that 
the  psu*ent  sheep  is  destroyed  a  certain  time  befoi-e  the 
birth  of  the  lamb.  The  Persian,  grey,  and  black  lamb, 
is  covered  with  very  minute  curls ;  this  is  produced,  it  is 
Kiiid,  by  the  aniuml  being,  as  soon  as  bom,  sewn  up 
tightly  in  a  leathern  skin,  which  prevents  the  curl  ex- 
juinding.  The  Hungarian  lamb  is  prodiiced  in  that 
country  in  immense  numbers;  of  it  the  national  coat, 
called  the  Juhasz  Bunda,  is  niaile.  In  the  sununer  or 
wet  weather  the  fur  or  woolly  part  is  worn  outside;  in 
NNinter,  when  wiu-mth  is  ro<]uiivd,  it  is  revei-sed:  the  skin 
is  tanned  or  dressed  in  a  way  peculiju*  to  the  country, 
and  decorated  ami  embroidered  in  accordance  with  the 
means  tuid  t;wte  of  the  weiu*er.  In  Spain,  the  lamb  is 
used  for  the  well-known  and  char.icteristic  short  jacktrt  of 
that  country,  which  is  adt>rned  with  tili^Tce  nilvcr 
l)utt<^ns;  the  coarser  kindii  of  both  coloui"s  arc  usimI  for 
our  cavalry,  ami  is  also  emj>loyed  lV»r  mountin;^  and 
bordering  skiiLS,  as  leopards,  tij^ers,  &c.,  for  onianu-ntal 
and  domestic  jMirposcs.  In  the  rci^n  of  ]{ioluu"d  the 
S«'coud,  the  scrj^cant  at  law  wore  a  robe  furivd  inside 
with  white  lambskin  and  a  cape  of  the  same.  J 

rd.  Group  of  Puivwaitzki. 
Hanwtcr. 


5-'. 


*$ 


[The  above  are  from  Russia;    the  fonuer  is  us»'<l  by 


632 


Class  16.— LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Akkas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  TO  14. 


[United 


ladies,  tho  latter  is  mo^le  into  cloak-liniugfi,  which  are 
exceodingly  light,  durable,  and  cheap.] 

firj.  Group  of  coloured  cat. 
54.         f,        black  cat. 
53.         „         black  Dutch. 
5G.         .,        coloured  Dutch. 


ft 


[The  cat,  when  properly  attended  to,  and  bred  purposely 
for  its  skin,  nupplies  a  most  useful  and  durable  fur;  in 
Holland  it  is  bred  and  kept  in  a  confined  state  till  the  fur 
is  in  its  greatest  p^irfection,  and  is  fed  entirely  on  fish. 
In  other  countries,  and  especially  in  our  ov^-u,  it  is  pro- 
duced in  large  numbers.  The  wild  cat  is  much  larger 
and  longer  in  the  fur,  and  is  met  with  in  extensive  forests, 
particularly  in  Hungor}';  the  colour  is  grey,  siK>tted  with 
black,  and  its  softness  and  durability  render  it  suit- 
able for  cloak  and  coat  linings,  for  which  purpose  it 
is  much  used.  The  black  species  is  also  much  in  request, 
and  similarly  used,  and,  ^ith  the  spotted  and  striped  va- 
rieties, is  made  into  wn4)per8  for  open  carriages,  sleigh 
coverings,  and  railway  tnivelUug.] 

57.  Group  of  English  rabbit,  silver  Rrey,  (Lepns  cnni- 
cttlfis);  presented  by  Her  (trace  the  Du<Siess  of  St.  Albans. 

58.  Group  of  English  black  rabbit  {Lepns  var). 

59.  „  English  white  rabbit. 
CO.  „  English  grey  rabbit. 
Gl.  „  Flemitih  blue  rabbit. 
G2.  „  Polish  white  rabbit. 


it 


[The  English  rabbit,  both  in  its  ^-ild  and  domestic 
state,  abounds  in  such  numbers  that  the  supply  iri  inex- 
haustible: it  was  formerly  employed  to  mnke  the  felt 
bodies  or  foundation  for  the  beaver  hat ;  at  present,  not 
being  used  for  tliat  purpose,  it  is  dressed,  dyed,  and 
manufactured  in  immense  quantities  into  various  useful 
articles.  The  wool  has  recently  been  useil  iu  making 
a  peculiar  cloth,  adapted  for  ladies'  wear.  Tlie  English 
silver-grey  rabbit  wiis  originally  a  breed  peculiar  to  Lhi- 
colnshire,  where  great  attention  was  paid  to  it.  Warrens 
have  since  been  formed  in  various  parts  of  the  country. 
It  is  in  great  demand  in  China  and  Russia,  to  which  coun- 
tries it  is  invariably  expoi-teil,  on  account  of  the  high 
price  there  obtained.  The  white  Polish  rabbit  is  a 
breed  peculiar  to  tliat  countrj*.  The  finer  sorts  of  white 
rabbit  are  much  use<l  as  substitutes  for  ennine.  So 
late  as  the  reign  of  Henry  the  Eighth,  such  inqwrtance 
was  attached  to  the  coney  or  rabbit  skin,  that  the 
charter  of  tlie  Skinners'  Company  sliows  they  were  worn 
by  nobles  and  gentlemen.  Acts  of  Ptu-liament  were  passed 
regulating  their  sole  and  exjwrtation,  which  are  still  in 
existence.] 

63.  Group  of  European  grey  hare  {Lcpm  timidus). 

Seal  {Phoca). 

64.  Group  of  seal,  G>x>rgia,  Siiyttlano  Isles,  Falk- 
land Isles,  Lomar's  Island,  and  Cape. 

65.  Group  of  plucked  and  i>re|)ared  seal,  natural  colour. 
6»».         „         pluckc<l  and  prei«u-t-<l  seal,  d3'e<l. 

67.         „         Greenland  and  NewfinnuUund  seal. 

<'iH.         „         Greenland  and  Newfoundland  seal,  dyed. 

69.         ..         spotted  and  silver  seal. 


ft 


[Tlie  seal  is  an  inliabitant  of  most  countries;  it  is  found 
in  the  high  northern  latitudes  in  immense  numbers; 
ships  arc  purpos^'ly  fittwl  out  for  its  Ciipture;  the  oil  pro- 
duced by  the  animsil,  together  with  its  skin,  render  it 
(connected  as  it  is  with  the  whale  fisherj')  inqiortant  to 
the  trader,  and  interesting  to  tho  naturalist.  The  skins 
ore  salted  and  packe<l  in  casks,  in  which  state  they  ore 
sent  to  this  country;  they  are  then  sorted  and  Belecte<l 


for  various  purposes;  those  suitable  for  leather  pais  into 
the  tanners'  hands,  and  make  a  beautiful  leather,  which  is 
used  for  Lulies'  shoes.  The  blue  bock,  the  hair,  and  the 
silver  seal,  are  dressed  and  used  in  their  natural  state, 
and  also  dyed  and  exported  in  large  quantities.  The 
fur  seal,  the  supply  of  which  is  always  small  ocympaiyNl 
with  the  other  kinds,  umlei^goes  a  prooess  to  prepare  it 
for  its  intended  use.  It  is  brought  at  the  present  time 
to  a  great  degree  of  perfection  in  this  country;  when 
divested  of  tho  long  coarse  hair  (which  protects  it  in 
its  native  element)  there  remains  the  rich,  curly,  mUkj, 
yellowish  down,  in  which  state  it  was  fonnerly  used  for 
travelling  caps  and  other  purposes.  It  is  now  seldom 
marlc  use  of  in  that  state,  but  dyed  a  beautifbl  Vandyke 
broAi-n,  giving  it  the  appearance  of  the  richest  velvet,  and 
is  manufactured,  in  every  ATuiety  of  shape  and  form,  as 
articles  of  dress  for  ladies',  gentlemen's  and  children's 
wear.] 

The  dressing,  preparing,  and  unhairing,  has  been  ef- 
fected by  Mr.  CoUius,  Earl-street,  Finsbury  Square. 

South  American. 

70.  Group  of  chinchilla,  Buenos  Ayres  (Chit^Ula  lani' 
gent). 

7 1 .  Group  of  chinchilla,  Arica  (Chinchilla  Um^ffra), 

72.  Group   of  bastard  chindiilla  or  Lima  {ChiehiUa 

laHi'tjcra). 

[Tlie  chinchilla  is  exclusively  a  South  American  animal, 
and  was  introduced  into  this  country  and  France  about 
forty  years  since.] 

From  the  Tropicff  4'C' 

73.  Group  of  lions  (/V/w /<Y>). 

74.  ,,  royal  tigera  {Felis  titjris). 

75.  „  C?ape  tigers  {Felis  IcojktrdM  Africanm). 

76.  „  leo|)Br(ls  {Felis  Icojtardus). 

77.  „  panther  ^/V/isu/tcu). 

78.  ,,  chdtar. 


>» 


[In  China,  the  mandarins  cover  the  seat  of  justice  nith 
the  tiger.  In  this  country  the  collocation  of  the  leopsRl 
under  the  officer's  saddle  is  a  distinguishing  mark,  adopted 
by  some  of  Her  Majesty's  cavalry  regiments.  In  Austria, 
tlic  small  fine  leoi)ard  is  worn  as  a  mantle  by  the 
llungiunan  noblemen,  who  exclusively  form  the  royal 
hussar  body  guard.] 

79.  Group  of  zebra  {Etpats  zSra). 

80.  ,,         anteltqte  {Antelofie  oreotragui). 

81.  „         black  monkey  {Cohb'u  nrsiwis). 
8*^.         „         ant-QtkUyr  {Myrmecojthiuja  JHbatft), 

83.  ,,        moose  deer  {Ccrvua  aices). 

84.  deer. 

85.  „        Australian  (Dat^urus  vicerrintat), 

8'> .  , ,  Indian  ground  squirrel  {Si^iunupaiwutnm), 

87.  „  flying  squirrel  {Scittrus  jtctaurns), 

88 .  , ,  Angora  goat  ( C ijh\i  h I'/nu). 

89.  „  dyed  Angora  goat,  various. 

[The  Angora  goat  is  produced  in  laiige  numbers  in  Asia 
Minor,  and  is  remarkable  for  its  long,  curly,  rich,  white 
silky  coat;  it  \^-as  formerly  a  most  costly  article  of  ladies* 
wear,  but  is  at  the  present  time  of  little  value.  It  is 
dyed,  and  takes  some  of  the  most  beautiful  and  brilliant 
colours.  It  is  made  into  beautiful  rugs  for 
rooms,  carriages,  &c.] 

90.  Group  of  beaver,  prepared  by  a  new  process. 

91.  „         beaver,  dyed. 

Exhibited  to  illustnito  an  entirely  new  method  of 
preparing  the  beaver,  and  adapting  it  for  general  use. 
Dressed  and  cut  by  Messrs.  Lee  ft  Son»  SonUiwaric. 


KCEODOM.] 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIR. 
Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


533 


92.  GixMip  of  anhaired  or  pulled  dyed  otter. 

[The  pulled  otter  is  manufactured  by  having  the  ez- 
tanud  or  long  hair  pulled  or  stripped  off,  leaving  the  soft, 
fine  wool  or  down  underneath;  it  is  then  dyed.] 

93.  Qronp  of  dyed  lynx,  see  No.  8. 

94.  „         penguin  {Sjimiscus  aptenodytes). 

95.  „         grebe  (Ptxticfps  cristata). 

pThe  grebe  is  an  aquatic  bird,  inhabiting  most  of  the  lai^ge 
him  in  Europe.  The  choicest  specimens  are  from  Geneva, 
Italy,  askd  Holland.  The  feathers  are  of  rich  white, 
hsrii^  the  appearance  of  polished  silver,  the  plumage 
oo  the  outer  edge  of  the  skin  being  a  rich  dark  brown; 
it  is  naed  by  ladies,  and  forms  a  beautiful  article  of 
drcas;  and  is  worn  as  trimmings  for  the  trains  of  court 
and  drawing-room  dresses,  for  muffs,  cufib,  boas,  &c.  It 
u  very  durable;  the  exquisite  smoothness  of  the  feathers 
prrreDta  its  soiling  with  wear.] 

9*>.  Specimen  of  swan  feathers. 

97.  „  goose  feathers. 

98.  „  eider  down. 

[The  bird  from  which  the  down  is  taken  is  found  in 
lai^  numbers  in  Iceland,  Norway,  Sweden,  &c.,  its 
ei^our  is  dark  grey,  and  its  elasticity,  lightness,  and 
to  wet,  are  prominent  amongst  its  other  ad- 
I ;  it  is  used  for  the  inside  stuffing  of  muffs.  On 
the  Continent,  the  well-known  eider-down  quilts  are 
lai^gely  nsad.] 

99 — 115.  Suits  of  Russia  sable  ;  Hudson's  Bay  sable  ; 
■bletail;  mink;  chinchilla.;  grebe;  sea  otter;  Siberian 
■quiirel,  with  tails;  kolinski;  minever;  ermine;  moleskin; 
natural  beaver;   dyed  beaver;  seal;  swan;  goose  down. 

[The  down  of  the  goose  is  manufactured  by  being  sewn 
on  textile  fikbrics.  It  is  a  specimen  of  Irish  industry,  and 
hafl  been  patronised  and  sold  in  England  extensively  for 
tb»-  li^neBt  of  the  Irif*h  female  poor,  by  whom  it  has 
h^-vu  Di:iile  up.  The  price,  comiwii-eil  with  the  true  swaiift- 
il  »-..  i-*  very  m«>derate.  Being  sewn  upon  clotb,  it  cau 
t*  w^Led.] 

11»'».  Suit  of  En^^linh  silver-Kroy  rabbit;  presented  by 
Hi-r  <Irac«'  the  I>uehei«  of  St.  Albans. 

117.     Suit  of  bliick  monkey. 

ll'*— 14*».  Fur  Boiil  f>ar<lcrtHUfl,  dyed ;  paletot;  paletot, 
tririitu*^!  •♦-ible:  ind^Uyt,  trimmed  mink;  paletot,  trinm]e<l 
TtAhi-^^r:  i«alet«»t.  trimmed  p^cbe;  cloak,  lined  and  trim- 
n»«^l  tnuin*?:  chiM'n  ermine  f>alet*)t;  child's  seal  ptiletot, 
trr:*ni»^l  niinever;  child's  kcjiI  f»svlet<>t,  trimmed  mink; 
r-'--b  »n\t'li  •[)«;;  child's  i*aletot;  childV  jjicket;  ^'entle- 
irifci;"-  c»>at;  yt»unjj  gentleman's  coat;  waistcoat,  double- 
lrt.i#t»d;  waistc<»iit,  »*iiiKlebretu*te<l;  hidy's  Ixmnet;  pen- 
ti'tii-in'-*  "tiKrk  ;  la^ly't*  IhkhI  ;  gentleman's  coat,  natur.U 
<■  I.^ur:  wai;<tci>at,  sinjjjle-breiwted,  uutunU  colour;  wai«t- 
c»-*t.  d'^'iblf-bresiHte*!,  natnnd  colour. 

141.  Tartar  f<W-rtkiu,  lady's  pardessws;  new  design. 

1 ;_',  ,,  gentlemjui'rt  coat 

1 4  ;.  ,,  waistcoat 

1  44,   Mink  huiy's  j»;U"<ie-<j«uA. 

14'.  -  141*.  Civntlrman's  tM»at,  linotl  fur  J»eal;  lined  sable. 
threat  or  irill;  lim'«i  genet;  liue<l  gunet;  lined  North 
An/«-ri':a»n  frrvy  fox. 

1  '»>•.  OeBtleman's  fhubc,  lint'<l  racoon. 

IM.  ,,  limr<l  hl;w'k  iK'ar. 

1.'>J.   G»*ntl«ma2r;»  C'Hit,  lintel  and  i|uilte<l  eider  down. 

1*. ;    Fur  {rl«iv«v».  LulieH'  and  pentlcmrn's. 

I  '-l.    Fur  \**>*ttM  and  •'h'^H's,  la»li«'s'  an<l  gi-ntlmien's. 

I'-.*..   Fnr  travelling'  ch|>s,  hulies'  and  gentlemen's. 

1  >  .   F\ir  covcringn  f.jr  oj*cn  carriiige.-*  and  «lcigh  j.ur- 


f> 


>> 


]  V  A.  BuflEalo  roboi<  or  skiux. 

"n«e  bufflilo  i.>»  killed  in  immen>ic  number«  by  the  Noi-th 
Ax»?r.«.sui  Indi-ui/t,  solely  for  the  t^mgue,  the  skin,  and 


the  bosses;  they  have  a  peculiai*  method  of  dressing  the 
skin  with  the  brains  of  the  imimal,  in  which  state  it  is 
always  imported.  It  has  of  late  years  been  much  used  in 
Europe.] 

157.  Carriage  wrappers: — North  American  grey  fox, 
various,  outside  of  waterproof  cloth. 

158.  Carriage  wrapi)ers: — Black  African  monkey,  out- 
side of  watei-proof  cloth. 

159.  Carriage  wrappers: — African  antelope,  outside  of 
waterproof  cloth. 

1(50.  Carriage  wrappers: — North  American  black  bear, 
outside  of  waterproof  cloth. 

161.  Carriage  wrappers: — Foreign    and    English    cat, 
various,  outside  of  waterproof  cloth. 

162.  Carriage   wrapjwrs: — Silver-grey  English  rabbit 
skin.     The  skins  presented  by  the  Duchc«s  of  St.  Albans. 

16.'^  Cloth  travelling  bag,  lined  and  trimmed  bear 

164.  ,,  lined  grey  fox. 

165.  Fur  table-covers,  various. 

166.  Cigar-cases,  mounted  in  fur. 

167.  Silver  se^  game  bag. 

168.  Fancy  chair,  covei*ed  with  silver  seal. 

169.  ,,  covered  with  silver  seal. 

170.  ,,  covered  leopard. 

171.  ,,  covered  natural  fiir  seal. 

172.  Library  chair,  covered  zebra. 

173.  ,,  covered  zebra. 

174.  North  American  fox  foot  ottomans,  mounted  on 
black  bear. 

175.  North  American  fox,  mounted  as  ornamental  mats, 
rug^,  &c. 

176.  Foot  muffs,  various. 

177.  Cloak  and  coat  linings,  various. 

178.  Ladies'  needlework,  mounted  in  fur;  unique. 

179.  Models  of  muffs,  various. 

1 80.  Rein-deer  hoofs  and  mitts,  specimen  of  Canadian 
Indian  embroidery  and  fur;  presented  by  the  Marquis  of 
Worcester. 

181.  Eider-down  quilt. 

182.  Swan-down  puffs. 

Specimens  of  natural  history,  set  up  to  illustrate  the 

vai'ious  skins. 

183.  Lions,  furnished  for  the  Kxliibitionby  Mr.  Meyer. 

184.  Group  of  leopjutls,  by  Zoologic^d  Society. 
IHT).  ,,  ocelots,  by  Zoological  Society. 
IH'J.  Arctic  wolf,  by  Hu(b^on's  Biiy  Comjiany. 
1H7.  Arctic  blue  fox,  by  Huds«»u'8  Bay  Company. 
Iss.  Group  of  beavers,  by  Ujidson's  Bay  Company, 
iwy.          ,,          otters,  by  the  Marquis  of  Worcester. 
liU).          ,,  polecats,  by  Eju'1  Nelson. 

liJl.         ,,  fox,  by  Manpiis  of  Worcester. 

IMJ.  ,,  grebes,  by  Manjiiis  f>f  Worcester. 

I'.M.         ,,         mu8<in!UKh,  by  Hu(ls«ni's  B;iy  Company. 

1U4.  OrnithorliynciLs,  by  Mr,  Kllis. 

10.').  ,,  lynx,  b}' Hudson's  Bay  Company. 

10'!.  Javanese  musk  deer. 

107.  Group  of  ant^'lopes,  by  Z>nt\o'^icii\  Society. 

108.  ,,  p«»rewaitzka.  by  Zoological  Society. 
100.  Wliite  stone  maitin.  bv  Mr,  Geor-'*;  Smith. 

200.  White  Sil>erian  sijiiiiTvl,  by  Mr.  (Jeorgc  Smith. 

201.  Kur<3pean  bare  and  Tolar  whit<;  ditto. 

2oj.  Head  aud  fore  jwiws  of  royal  tiger,  of  givat  size 
iwiil  beiiutv. 

203.  Model  of  Peeresg,  in  brr  coronatiou  robes  of 
e  ^tiit*.'. 

2"4.  Ladies'  cloaks,  lined  s.iuirrel  lock,  trimmed  with 
l^rey  Siberian  nujuirr^l  with  tailv, 

2o.'>,   La«ly*s  walkin;^  paletot,  line<l  fur. 

2'>o.   Ljuly's  travelling  cl<»ak.  lined  fur. 

2<'7.  Muff  and  1m>:i,  matle  of  the  down  from  the  feathen 
I'fthe  bird  c.illeil  the  eu'ret.  The  e«>stly  n.iture  of  the 
miterial  is  siudi,  and  h^  r;u*ity  so  ^'re.it,  that  thn'e  otln-r 
.<jets  only  have  bei-n  ma«le  diuin::;  tin*  hist  century,  the 
possessni"s  o{  which  are  imperial  and  r<)yal  jhi-oh.i;^',-..*. 
Manufactured  bvMons,Hav,  of  I'.iris,  for  the  exhihiton, 

208.  Group  of  UuHsi;m  .sibles. 


534 


Class  16.~LEATHER,  SADDLERY,  BOOTS  AND  SHOES, 

Areas  G.  H.  I.  J.  10  to  14. 


[w 


209.  Engliah  badger,  by  the  Marquis  of  Worcester. 

210.  Group  of  heads,   rare   gpecunens   from  Centiul 
Africa,  by  Captain  Bates. 

{See  Mitin  Avenue  West,) 

302  Poland,  Son,  &  Meredith,  52  Bread  Street, 

Cheajviide — Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Leopard  heuth-rugs. 
Rugs:  miniature  tigress,  with  two  cubs. 

303  Samson,  Philip,  1  Little  KnUjht  Rider  Street, 

St.  Paul's  Chiun^yard — Manufacturer. 
Fur  articles,  embroidereid  in  chenille,  &c.,  in  floral  and 
iigiured  designs.  Fur  collar.   Fur  and  imitation-fiir  elastic 
cuffs.  

304  Meyer,  P.  &  M.,  Bow  Lane,  City — Manufacturers. 
Dressed,  dyed,  pulled,  and  sheared  English  rabbit- 
skins;  riding  boas,  muffii,  cuffs,  cardinals,  round  boas, 
caps,  and  gloves. 

305  Ellis,  Gborge,  23  Fore  Street — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
Boos,  victorines,  muffs,  and  other  articles  in  fur  and 
velvet. 

306  Drake,  R.,  25  Picctdilly — Manufacturer. 
Russia  sable,  spotted  ermine,  and  grebe  muffs. 
Pieces  of  the  spotted    ermine   lining  of  the  Queen's 

coronation  robes;   also  of  King  William  the  Fourth's, 
and  of  King  Qeorge  the  Fourth's. 

Astracan  lamb's  skin :  the  paws  are  used  for  spotting  the 
ermine  lining  of  coronation  robes. 

307  Clab&e,  Robert,  &  Sons,  157  Chcapside — 

Manufacturers. 
Manufactured  fiirs  of  ermine  knd  mink;  cardinals,  muffs, 
boas,  cuffs,  and  gauntlets;  the  same  of  musquash,  natu- 
ral and  dyed. 

308  Callow,  T.,  &  Son,  8  Park  Lane — ^Inventors 

and  Manufacturers. 

Riding  whips,  of  clarified  rhinoceros  hide,  in  various 
colours. 

Riding  and  driving  whips,  with  the  handle  of  hippo- 
potamus leather,  enamelled  green. 

The  rhinoceros  whips  and  the  hippopotamus  leather 
are  stated  to  be  invented  and  made  by  the  exhibitors. 

309  Ince,  J.,  75  Oxford  Street — Manufactiu^r. 
Royal  tiger-skin  rug,  mounted  with  black  bear. 

Two  coronation  ^inine  muffs,  constructed  upon  a  new 
and  improved  principle.  One  is  inflated  with  air,  which 
can  be  immediately  discharged,  and  the  muff  compressed 
to  the  most  portable  size,  when  not  required  for  use,  the 
othjer  folded  up. 

310  Lutoe  &  Parsons,  King  Edward  Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Registered  Princess  Royal,  in  Russia  sable,  American 
sable,  mink,  ermine,  minever,  dunchiUa,  squirrel,  and 
seal  boas. 

A  large  rug,  with  a  very  rare  skin  in  the  centre^  between 
a  leopiud  and  tiger,  surroimded  by  the  Royal  Arms, 
H.R.U.  PriiKie  Albert's  Arms,  and  H.B.H.  Prince  of 
Wales's  Feathers;  all  worked  in  furs. 

810a   Ssuth,  George,  &  Sons,  10  Watling  Street^ 

Manufacturers. 

Muffs,  cardinals,  flat  boas,  riding  boas,  cuffs,  &c.,  in  a 
variety  of  furs,  including  Russian  sable,  Hudson's  Bay 
and  Canadian  martin  or  sable,  sable  tail,  Russian  squir- 
rel, Siberian  squirrel,  chinchilla,  and  fitdi. 

Specimens  of  the  same,  dyed. 

Jl  1  Dick,  A.,  35  Qeorges  Street,  Edmbwyh — 

Manufacturer. 
PUr  hearth-rug,  worked  with  upwards  of  2,500  pieces 
from  different  furs,   comprising  mutiiif   sable,   British 


sable,  real  ermine,  imitation  ermine,  squirrel,  koiirnkf, 
&c. 

312  Garner,  D.,  41  Itnsbury  MarkH--lSMnuhetuTet 

and  Designer. 
Registered  portable  boot-tree,  adapted  for  buttoa-booii^ 
shoes,  &c.,  and  contains  brushes,  blacking,  boot-hooks^ 
boot-powder,  &c.     Boot  and  shoe  lasts. 

313  Hidden,  T.,  88  London  Road,  Soutkwark — 

Manufacturer. 
Leather  buttons,  with  flexible  shanks,  on  an  improved 
principle,  for  boots,  shoes,  and  wearing  sppsreL 
New  leather  beads  of  various  colours. 


314        CoRBT,  J.  &  J.,  Queen  Camel  Sonih,  near 

Sherboume — Produoers. 
Specimens  of  kid  and  Iamb  leather,  curried. 


315  Case,  Charles,  45  Wood  Street,  Chee^pside — 

Manufacturer. 

Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  riding  whips  of  blaf(&  sad 
white  twisted  whalebone. 

Gentlemen's  walking-sticks,  of  black  knotted  wlude> 
bone. 

Gig  whips,  knotted  and  plain,  with  silver  mountiiig. 

316  Marsden,  C,  Waterloo  Houae,  JCingskmd  Soad-^ 

Inventor. 
Patent  ventilating  boots  and  shoes. 


317  Leathart,  Charles,  15  John  Street,  Waterloo  Boad-~ 

Inventor. 
Liquid  hair  dye.     The  effect  of  the  dye  illustrated  by  & 
wig,  in  a  case,  containing  four  shades  of  hair. 

318  Taylor,  T.,  Dwd/m— Inventor. 
Specimen  of  soluble  leather. 

319  Phipps,  W.  D.,  Cadogan  House,  Sloane  Street    . 

Inventor. 

The  Eupadian  registered  elastic  spring  boots. 


320  Hadley,  R.,  72  JTigh  Street,  Worcester-^ 

Improver  and  Manufacturer. 
Ladies'  ornamental  bair,  in  fironts,  bands,  curls,  sod 
plaits.  

321  Mantel,  W.,  Bedford— Deaa^er  and  Manufiurtorer. 
Three  improved  wigs,  and  lady's  head-dress. 

322  Carr,  William,  10  ffatton  Wa//— MsDu&otorer. 
Improved  premier  blacking. 

323  Newoome,  J.,  Swinegate,  Oranthan^—hiyeaior. 
Shoes  made  from  a  new  material. 


323  A  Adoock  &  Co.,  3  Princes  Street,  Catfendish  Square 

Produoers. 

Choice  collection  of  dyed  feathers. 

(Main  Avenue  West.) 

324  Nelson,  J.,  ITollowag — Inventor. 
Boots  warranted  to  wear  in  the  centre  of  the  sole. 


325  Carron,  W.,^  Birmingham — Inventor. 
Patent  clogs.     

326  Essex,  J.,  1  Charterhouse  Lane,  St.  John  Street-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Fancy  lamb  and  sheep-skin  wool  rugs  for  hearths,  car- 
riages, &c. 

Carriage  feet  mu£&;  and  travelling  and  invalid  wool 
boots.  

327  Allin,  W.  S.,  1  Dorset  Mews,  East  Baker  &reet-^ 

Producer. 
Pair  of  boots. 


SKINS,  FUR,  AND  HAIB. 
ArbasG.  H.I.  J.  IOtoU. 


338    Lcrm  4c  Co.,  Kmg  E<biiard  Stnet—ltumtaefarars. 

ikijal  hem  in  RnwiiD  uil   Ameriaiii  aahta,   mink, 
■nuDB,  a^aattr,  tml,  uiJ  ahmdullK. 

lai^  ng  «iu  nu«  akin  in  eentn,  rarroimded  b;  tlie 


— MaDofActurer. 
I  •■«»  Mddla,  or  pg-pad,  by  wliiDli  a  bone'e 
n  ba  coT«rad  iir  tuiema«il  while  aUndlDg,  bj  a 
■ow  «iUc&  U7  <nrer  tlu  dwh*baard. 


X,  a.,  ft  Son*  JVirto  «»(to  /■(*»  omJ 
&iiitr,  ;%^aJ>f— HanofiuiturBra. 
M|n>niMM  <f  lUmnfc  aod  stripnl  luur-neKtias,  Vitriuua 
m1ihu«;  pWn  ntin  and  Unoo  wMp,  Unok,  siid  cotton 
— p.  hlMk. 


WVp.    DMOI. 

ItulJMl  b«*»-l>ui'.  whit«;  South  Amerio*!],  blnoki 

KatoUa  OMid  in  the  nunnfacturp  of  hair  Mating. 

I>  >hr»«  •pimiiiaiu  a  wist;  of  ■'■"T'I'  pMtonui  or  de- 
^pM  B«  iMtTDdnaad,  bv  th«  kpiilicMition  of  the  Juoquurd 
bom,  wd  >l«o  m  diremt;  of  colniin. 

[FWoMrlj  tha  mrpa  for  hatr-aoBting  were  made  exclii- 
dialj  df  Hm*  Jmh,  but  of  lata  yean  oottou  boa  been 

— '— ilj  gwd,  chiefly  for  raport  to  the  United  Statt- 

it  of  iti  aaflDeH,  ai  it  prodticee  cloth  of  n  moi 


e,  and  of  unoother  and  m 


and  oonaiderad  better  mited  to  the  purpoev  of  tufljng 
ttiiui  the  fldirio  made  f^om  liDsn  yam. 

Hone-hair  luitablfl  for  mikiiig  oaloored  aeatinga  roiui 
be  i>ure  Tiiate ;  H  is  aftorwarde  dyed  of  ratioua  ooloon, 
and  of  thia  there  ii  00I7  a  limited  supply.  Some  ilifB- 
Dulty  might  coii>o<jiii!Utly  aiiee  in  procuring;  the  niw 
material. 

Hair-aeating  a  vayea  by  bond.  eTcry  bur  being  intro- 
duced singly.  It  diffbn  in  thia  reii-ect  froiu  oioift  othor 
woven  fabrica.  In  which  thera  it  a  uniform  and  continuout 
supply  of  material,  thereby  permitting  the  npplicstioii  of 
etaam-power.  In  hair-seating,  the  waft  being  in  debuhed 
plecca,  it  boa  boon  found  that  power-toouu  cannot  be  ad* 
vnntfi^eoualy  employed.] 

{FUicfd  ia  Clan  U.) 


331 


McDotroALL,  D.,  /nwrMW— Producer. 
Highland  stalking  boots ;  ond  dreu  ahoea. 


332  Bevikctoh  ft  Hoiwia,  King  William  Slrvel,  Cits— 
Hanufaoturen. 
Sheop-wuol  mats  and  Angola  eoat-mats,  in  great  rarletj, 
plain  and  touay.  for  beoitb-rngs,  carriages,  and  doors, 
tie.  A  variety  of  fuis  in  cardmabi,  mu&,  boas,  riding- 
boas,  and  euffb,  both  natural  and  dyed. 


536  OFFICIAL  ILLUSTRATED  AND  DESCRIPTIVK  CATALOGUE. 


PAPER,    PRINTING,    AND    BOOKBINDING. 


INTRODUCTION. 

r.tPEii  of  even-  <losciiplioii,  ]:rintinR  auil  bookbintling,  with  the  miiicellaneous  nrticlt's  coiiiiccleJ  nitli  corre- 
^•iiiiicnce,  aud  uBcrul  ami  unuuiicntal  statioticr)',  fonii  the  aubjects  of  the  present  ClnsH.  The  iiiaiiuriicture  of 
tbcw  aniclea — niinisleriug  not  to  the  jieriioiial  or  domestic  wautH  of  niaukind,  so  nnicli  iw  to  (licir  iutellvctual 
iciiiirtiut-ntg — is  one  tlii;  annual  iiicreaue  of  wliicli  h  Cf)cxtcn3ivc  witli  tlie  (liffuHJoii  of  kuowlcilge.  Aud  it 
soy  lie  truly  awd,  that,  moraUy  aud  intellectually  considered,  the  present  Class  relates  to  a  species  ofindustty 
ricrdain;:  indirectly  aniorec^ttensive  ioflueQce  over  social  economy  tlian  any  of  those  inlowhich  tht8?]xlii1>itioa 
hu  tje«ii  Hil^vided.  Eookt,  it  liu  been  said,  carry  llie  iiruductioun  of  the  human  miud  over  tbo  whole 
ki-rhl.  Bod  may  be  truly  called  the  raw  materials  of  every  lund  of  science  and  art,  aud  of  all  aocial  ini])rovc- 
ment.  The  Sub-ClassGa  are  as  follows : — A.  Paper  in  the  raw  state  as  it  leaves  the  mill,  such  as  Prowu  i'8i«r, 
Hillbcanlit,  Wntinp,  WritinE.aud  Drawinjj  Pajicrs,  &c. ;  B.  Articles  of  Slationciy,  as  Knvelopca,  I.ace  Pajiers, 
Twicy  I'ajvrs,  Ornamented  and  Cilazed  Pa[)ers,  t-caliug-wax.  Wafers,  Inks  of  all  kindfi,  ftc. ;  C  Pastelioards, 
L'bkLi,  4c.  ;  I>.  Pajier  and  Scalclioard  P^xcs,  C'artonnerie,  &c. ;  B.  Printinf!,  not  includini;  printini;  as  a  fine 
art,  aud  i'riDlin''  Inks  and  Vaniislies  ;  Buokbindiu"  iu  cloth,  velvet,  vellum,  &C. ;  Fancy  Itooks,  Portfolios, 
Ite»k«.  Ac. 

The  imition  occupicJ  in  the  liuildins  is  in  the  North  side  of  the  Western  Main  Avenue  ;  and  the  Areas 
includal  He  F.  27  to  29,  U.  H.  1.  J.  2t>  aud  27.  liathcr  more  than  200  exhibitors  aji^iear  to  represent  this 
Claw  in  its  various  branchca  of  industi^-. 

The  localiliea  from  whence  the  articles  cxhibiteil  have  Iwen  sent  are  nnidi  lew  restricted  than  in  preceding 
CI.iK»fi.  Mnnv  of  the  cxhibiliirs  apj^ar  in  the  enjMicitv  of  |iruducers  of  biii.iU  articles  for  fancv  purjioscs  ;  and 
i,*  tl.i-.>.-irL-..|.uuo»lv  c«i«1>lc  iif  K'in^  maile  at  liniiic,  reqiiiriii;;  taste  and  miutili.'  skill  nilhtr  ilmn  uiutljfluieal 
1--  -T  f.,r  ihrir  niiiuuracture,  the  places  from  whii'li  they  have  Krn  forwarded  for  exhibition  have  not  the  »]  ecial 
iiii-  -i-?t  :jti,iibin;i  to  ;nval  jirrHhiciii;:  towns  or  ritics,  where  thousands  of  iiiiicliiuis  aud  o]ATiitivcs  pre  all  iiccu- 
p;-  '.  ill  ■■iif  iU-|inrtuu.'Ut  of  inHnnfucture,  Proui  the  luetnijolis,  however,  where  a  liir;;c  ileiiiand  for  mich  arlicles 
•■\ift..  il„.  jn-.it  pniiiirliou  oflliem  jin-  derived.  Tjjudoii  also  rejirewntii  umsl  lurj;cly  llie  iiioniioiu'  priii(in«! 
r- -.  11'-.  i  .1  ilii,  CMiiiiirv.  I'.wt  of  thcif,  as  ii|«ciuieng  only  of  single  wiirhn  ran  a].]  ear,  but  a  laint  idea  can  hi- 
l;..i.-  .1  ■.:'.-ii,  \],r  (■^alll^.il^  oshibiird.  hi  oiie  of  the  iirMiteal  establishnieuls  of  the  Metroi-jlis  Uwiilv  ma.  IiIuck 
at,  r-..i,.i.-,„ily  i--ci.i.i.d.  nid.  >■(  which  is  cajaible  of  throwinj!  oft'  from  3,000 to -l.fiOfi  iuii>rtss;<>iis  ]-n  l.mir.  and 
111  .i.|.l.i;..ii  a  l.in;i-  uiiiul-.r  <•(  ]iriii(im;  machini'S  for  line  work  an-  employed.  These  s-rcat  i.riutiii|!  eslablisli- 
I. .■!;•-  ri'-iiiblr  MTV  iliisily  the  larire  iiiaiiufHCtiiries  of  other  dihlricls,  onlv  their  or{;ani7j»t  ion  dillers  wiih  the 
{••'\:..,r  i..iiiire  cf  liir  mannfailiire,  if  the  niwliaiiical  pmliu-tion  of  jiriiiteil  looks  may  lie  wi  lern.eil, 

l"..|-r.  ii."n-  (.■_'i1inialilv  reckoiiiil  niiioii^  manufactures  than  iinntin'.'.  has  a  certain  limitnlion  lo  dislricls 
{■r  I  ..ri'  i:l:tr  kitKtx.  I  'oiiMdemblv  wk  is  ii.ade  in  Kii^dnnd  ihaii  iu  Scotland  or  In-liiud.  Kent  is  cdchrati'd 
f-  ■<-  ti-..-«rilin-  and  draH-in:.jffl|Hrrs.  rn.m  L-^ll(■i.«bi^■,  l!,-rkshin>,  Hm-ford,  and  llerbvsliiro,  ia[.<r>.  of 
v.r ...!.  kiLiU  ati;  «ii|-plieil.  The  iiuantHv  <■(  paprr  iinmiailv  tnanufacHircd  in  Kndaud  two  years  nji.  auiomilcd 
t..  I::-.M:;-<L-,7  lbs.  ;  in  IStl,  it  was  litlk-  ii.oie  than  half  thai  iiuanlitv.  In  If-.'!'.',  it  ^\w  cstiuiHtui  Hial  the 
.,.;, :.!:■-,  iw,l,  if  wnnllv  dividi'J  an.on;;  the  lupulatioii,  v\oiild  bave'W.n  idoul  three  i ouiids  and  three- 
.i...r:.r-r..r..»diin.iivi.inal. 

A  i.ir;.tv..rii,.'il,anii:il  inii.rovemmls.  l..lh  in  tlu-  pro.liirti.-ii  of  j^aperand  in  that  of  prinl.d  I.k.^^s.  lias 
\.-Tt  iMr..iii<-.,.i  ..f  lai...  Ill  tl»'  maimfai-tiire  of  pa]  er  the  sulwliluHon  of  uiatliine  for  band  Uil  .lur  h-M  Urn 
;,:•. ..-1.-I  nith  tb.-  mont  moiiH-nluiis  riMills.     In  1  wi],  tl,.-  priei-  of  a  r,i,iu  of  |  a|  ir  of  a  | avlieular  di «iii>li..n 


I,  tl..-  riii 


I  Kiii-d..ii 


lall.v  in 


nilli..| 


o  I1.». 


Scrbii^'. 


I.- It  ill] 


liil  ai 


II  chei 


«d] 


...l  PR 


(■r<-  f.il 


nd  c 


■-rly 


ii-l  with 
^'lUtiiral  inrtnuiiints.  tin 
I.  .-vid<iir<-  of  Ih-  enomiou: 

:- 7.'Hiyjr.li'lon.',  tlief.lh  .  _. 
•'  a;^i1i(.iiliiiu  of  iiii|>ri>veil  uiacbini 
•At  uiouicbi.    Pnijirfss  is  Etill  iii.i< 
Ifil  aocouul  of  tlie  intrudHction  of 


i-hu-t.  I 

nical  skill  in  its  iri'iamlioi 
iiiwt  rtfnse  mailer  thus  Nr 
en.;tli  of  pa|  cr  |  riKlueeil  b 
L',:.iii')yan!»iM  length. 


H  also  . 


536  OFFICIAL  ILLUSTRATED  AND  DESCRIPTIVE  CATALOGUE. 


PAPER,    PRIXTLNG,    AND    BOOKBlNniNG. 


INTRODUCTION. 

TArtR  of  every  desciijilion,  j^rinlins  and  bookbinding,  with  the  misccllaneouB  ftrtii'lcs  eouiiected  with  corra- 
^■u:i<)eucv,  aiiii  uufful  and  omaiiieiital  statiocicrj-,  fonii  tlie  aiibjeets  of  the  jireecnt  Class.  The  manufacture  of 
tlie«,'  BTticIrs — nimisteriiig  not  to  the  [lersotial  or  domestic  wants  of  mankind,  so  niiich  na  to  their  ioteilectuftl 
rfiuiretucDla — in  oiio  the  aijnual  increase  of  whicli  is  cocxtcnfflve  with  the  dift'uniun  of  knowledge.  Aud  it 
luay  be  truly  najd,  that,  morally  aud  intellectually  considered,  tlie  present  Clflas  relates  to  a  t{iecies  of  industry 
fiercising  iiiiUrtclly  amorecxtensive  influence  over  social  econouiytlian  any  of  those  into  which  this  Ex-bibitJon 
ha*  been  sul^vided.  Books,  it  has  been  said,  carry  tbc  |irodncliona  of  the  bumau  mind  over  the  whole 
vivlil,  and  may  be  truly  called  the  raw  materials  of  every  kind  of  science  and  art,  and  of  all  social  improve- 
ment. The  SuM'lasscs  are  as  follows ; — A.  Tajicr  in  the  raw  state  as  it  leaves  the  mill,  such  as  Urown  I'siiCT, 
Uillboanlii,  Printing,  Writinj:,  and  Drawing  I'apcrs,  4c. ;  B.  Articles  of  Stationer^-,  as  Envelopes,  I jice  Pai-ers, 
Fancy  l'B|vn,  Ornamented  and  <ilazcd  I'ajters,  dealing-wax.  Wafers,  Inks  of  all  kindu,  4c. ;  C.  Pastelwards, 
CanlM,  Ac. ;  I),  raider  and  Scnlelioard  Ik>\es,  Cartotmerie,  4c. ;  E.  Printing,  not  including  iirinting  as  n  fine 
an,  and  I'rintin''  Inks  and  Varnishes ;  Iluokbiudiug  in  cloth,  velvet,  vellum,  4e. ;  Fancy  Books,  Portfolios, 
I^ebk^  4c. 

The  jiowtion  occu]iifl  in  the  Huilding  is  in  the  North  side  of  the  Western  Main  Avenue  ;  and  the  Areas 
iitclDiied  are  F.  27  to  20,  (i.  II.  1.  J.  2li  aud  27.  liather  wore  than  200  exhibitors  api>ear  to  represent  this 
Clan  in  its  various  branches  of  industry. 

The  localities  from  whence  the  articles  exhibited  have  l>cen  sent  are  much  less  restricted  than  in  preceding 
Chs*.-*.  Manv  of  the  exhibitors  »|ij>ear  in  the  cajiKcitv  of  |  rodueers  of  Miiall  articles  for  fancv  irtirjOBi'B  ;  and 
:--  t;^..s.-  an  „l,vit,ii^lv  c.i[>iil-le  ol  Wwi  made  at  hoti.e,  miuiriiig  tiislu  and  minute  skill  mtbcr  il.an  iiiLvlinziiwI 
j..-...r  fi.rib.'irin.iimlacHm-,t!ie  ]iI:icik  from  which  they  have  kvn  f.-nvji  riled  fur  e\hil.itii-n  have  not  1li('H)vdiil 
i;.;.ri>l  .niiiitlrin;^  to  ;:n'al  |ir<>ibuing  (owns  or  cities,  where  thcwminils  of  ninchiuii  and  ii]<Tatives  are  all  ii'eu- 
I'lf!  ii>  I  in-  dij-^irtiiii'iit  tif  ]  null  II  fact  lire.  FnHii  the  iiictni|  dis,  however,  where  a  hir^re  deniaiul  fur  Mich  arlieli'S 
<■\i,-l^.  tlu-  :;rt:il  jiriiii.rtioii  of  ihem  are  deriveil.  Lumlon  aUo  reprewnts  must  largely  the  ennniKPiw  j-rinling 
ri--.ir..-  i.iil.i,  tiiiiiilrv.  lliil  riiihew,  a>i  s|ieciineiiN  onlv  of  single  HOi'ksr-.in  n]pr.eiir,  but  a  faint  idea  can  \v 
1.A :!.!-'!  irr.ii,  ii,i'  e\anl|.|<^  (Aliibitcd.  In  one  I'f  the  greatest  establishments  of  the  Metnijjjlis  twentv  machines 
an-  r..i,si.,i,iiy  .-■eiii.ied.vacli  -f  wj.ieli  is  ea)ialile  of  throwing  off  from  -VW  to4,(iO0  imi-n-ssii.ns  jit  hour,  and 
in  .[■!dit;iri  s  lari;e  iriiiiiluT  ••{  printing  ninehines  fur  fine  work  nK"  enijiloyed.  These  great  ]irinting  establish- 
ni<  III'  r-Htiil-le  vi^ri-  cbis'ly  the  !a^,•e  inHnnracl(iri<'s  of  other  iliMriels,  cliilv  their  or^aniaition  dilfers  with  the 
j'-'T;li»r  luitiire  cf  tlie  niaiiufai-tiin-,  if  the  mwliaiiieal  ])ni<lueliiiii  of  jiriiitrillmilismay  be  wi  leniii'd. 

Pi|>-r.  ui'in-  Ie.'i1iiiiali-lv  reekoiu'il  ammi::  innuufactures  than  pnntiu'.',  has  a  certain  liuiilation  to  dislricls 
f  r  lartirniar  kinds.  CoiisideRiblv  more  iNtiiade  in  Km:lnnd  Hum  in  Hcllland  or  In-laiid.  Kent  is  eelebrat<'d 
f-,-r  its  fi;i.-H riling  and  dr:iwingi.ii[.trs.  Frnm  I.amMsliin-,  l!c-rk«bire,  H.-n-r.inl,  and  IVrLvshire,  jaiers  of 
^  jr..n-  kiiidi.  an.'  sii|.iilif.i.  The  .[iiaiKiiv  c.f  ].:i]<r  aiiiiiiiillv  nianuriictiirtd  in  Kn.dand  two  veamagoan.ounled 
t..  ].TJ.i:;','.';.-.7  lbs.  ;  ill  lf:n,  it  «as  lliil,.  ii,oie  fh.niibiillibiit  Miiiiuiiiv.  Ill  lh;;it,  il  was  estimated  that  the 
.,v..!.ii;v  ,i*.l.  if  c,iMnllv  divided  among  ilie  u.t. illation,  voiild  Lave"U>ni  aloiit  three  rounds  and  thn>e- 
S-...r:.r.r..r™(hindiv  ' 
.fnu^bali 


l>.'i. 


■■■d  of  l:i 


i,.l.'l  «itl  lii,. 


In  the 


[its,  Uilh  in  the  |.roibir 


In 


of  a 


!■  for  hai 
L.r..fap 


iiii,-d  I  coks.  jias 


r  .l.■^. 


■   Im 


ol  i 


iviiii 


■   for 


1.1.  Bwllw  r  ■•.■Ills-  of  iiiTf^iKil  pni.liK-lion  and  oiiiMiniplion  ■ 
*  i-.-  n*.;ard(.->l  as  a  cheniind  tini'lnrt,  as  it  is  eertain  that  a 
."fnllv  <ombiiii-.l  with  iiicelianieal  skill  in  ils  j.njarjtion, 
n.-  haidi-ul  iiisinimeiits,  the  must  refuM-  matter  (bus  Ucom 
■I,  .  1 ;-!.  wv  of  tb.-  eii..rmoiis  lenvlh  of  latvr  i  r.-biTOl  l.v  n 
.-  :-  7.V> yard*  l.m/,  the  oih.r  L'.f.i*)  yar.l,s  in  iciiglh.  " 
i."  ui-|>lie.itioii  of  iijipr 


!'r..gi 


is  »till  II 


>  till:' 


J.l"l  accwul  ofthe  iutroducliou  of  an  culirely 


lew  |.ri 


and  has  Urn  at  tend,  d  «illi  r.siilt.* 
rdinu  I  las-uill  U-  fiMind  11  iM.re 
:  (the  verlicid),  Uie  appliealioii  of 


538 


Class  17.— PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING, 
Areas  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  II.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


[Ub 


wliich  for  the  rapid  multi])lication  of  news])apcrs  is  extending.  By  this  arrangement,  the  vertical,  the  power 
of  production  is  only  limited  by  the  size  of  the  machine. 

Among  many  interesting  specimens  of  typography,  those  which  exhibit  the  production  of  books  in  other 
tongues,  by  tyi)e  cast  in  England,  will  attract  notice.  The  Holy  Scriptures  are  exhibited  in  one  hundred  and 
fifty  different  languages — ^a  noble  evidence  of  the  highest  application  of  industry  to  the  enlightenment  and 
welfare  of  mankind.     Beautiful  specimens  of  the  bookbinder's  art  are  likewise  shown. 

An  envelope-folding  machine,  placed  at  the  side  of  the  Main  Avenue,  is  a  striking  instance  of  the  successful 
application  of  mechanical  movements  to  the  performance  of  the  most  delicate  and  complicated  actions.  By 
tliis  machine,  which  would  in  strictness  appear  to  belong  to  a  preceding  Class,  the  movements  of  the  hand  of 
the  folder  are  not  only  exactly  imitated,  but  the  result  is  more  accurate  and  certain,  and  the  power  of  pro- 
duction is  very  largely  increased. 

Tlie  peculiar  interest  which  attaches  to  the  objects  in  this  Class,  as  the  most  powerful  agents  in  the  social 
and  intellectual  improvement  of  man,  cannot  fail  to  be  awakened  by  the  most  casual  inspection.  Pai>er, 
))rinting,  and  bookbinding,  are,  however,  only  the  raw  material,  the  application  and  reproduction  of  which  is 
dei)cn(lent  u^wn  the  powers  of  the  mind,  not  on  those  of  matter. — R.  E. 


I  AcKERMANN  &  Co.,  96  Strand — Producers. 

Ornamental  colour  box,  containing  100  cakes  of  colours 
and  requisites,  enamelled  in  gold  and  colours. 

Imperial  scrap  books  and  other  articles  of  stationery 
and  ornament,  mcluding  envelope  cases,  seaweeds,  pole- 
screens,  &c. 

Odoriferous  lighters,  for  conveying  flame  to  candles, 
lamps,  tapers,  cigars,  &c.,  and  by  an  ambrosial  and  sani- 
tary perfume,  refreshing  the  atmosphere. 

Specimens  of  water-colours  on  alabaster,  by  E.  Sant, 
Paris.  

4  Hughes,  Edward,  Greenwich  Hospital  Schools — ^Designer. 
An  improved  map  of  the  British  islands,  on  a  scale  of 

S3(»imo  ^^  ^^^  natural  size,  exhibiting  their  physical  features 
and  political  divisions ;  also  their  pastoral,  agricultural, 
mining,  and  manufacturing  districts  and  fishing  stations, 
with  the  population,  and  industrial  occupation  of  the  in- 
habitants. 

Map  of  Palestine  and  adjacent  countries,  exhibiting  their 
physical  features,  and  illustrating  the  political  geography 
of  scripture  narrative. 

5  Remnant,  Edmonds,  &  Remnant,  Lovelts  Court, 

Paternoster  Row — Manufacturers. 
Books  bound  in  various  styles  of  Morocco,  Russia,  calf, 
roan,  sheep,  and  cloth, 

7  Hawthorne,  James,  77  Charrington  StrectfSt.Pancras — 

Manufacturer. 

An  assortment  of  inks  for  writing,  copying,  marking 
on  linen,  &c.,  with  specimens  of  their  effect. 

Specimens  oi  nut-galls,  broken  and  whole  (Qnerais 
infectoria),  and  of  the  fruit  of  the  Tenninalia  CUcbula,  from 
Bengal. 

8  Evans,  Joseph  S.,  64  Berwick  St.,  Suho — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  bookbinding  m  vellum,  illuminated,  &c. 
Bookbinding  in  leather  stained  by  hand,  in  imitation 

of  various  woods,  and  washable. 

Improved  binding  for  account  books. 

9  FairbairNi  Bobt.,  37  Great  CiiinbriJje  St.,  IlacJmey  Hd. 

— Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  wood  type  for  printing,  &c. 

10  Fisher,  Jabez  Henrt,  Xew  North  Road,  Uoxton — 

Inventor. 
Specimen  of  a  bank  note  for  the  prevention  of  forgery, 
piinted  in  a  chemical  water-colour,  from  a  steel-plate 
ongravang,  the  process  producing  two  colours  at  one  opera- 
tion; the  lettering  in  black,  and  the  ornamental  back- 
ground in  a  neutral  tint.  Any  signature  upon  this  note 
cannot  be  erased  without  changing  the  colo\u*.  The  letter- 
press on  the  note  cannot  be  trajasferred  or  copied,  and 
is  printed  on  a  prepared  paper. 

II  Gallard,  W.,  30  Lisstyn  Grove — Designer. 
Portable  composing  frame,  to  provide  temporary  accom- 

motlation  for  cases  at  the  imposing  stone  during  cor- 
rection of  proofo,  or  for  extra  cases  near  the  compositor's 


frame  for  work,  that  has  a  mixture  of  italic  or  other  letter 
with  that  of  the  text. 


12  Gnx,  Thos.  Dyke,  27  Charlotte  Street,  FUzroy  Square 

— Inventor. 
Postage  stamp  expedient,  for  saving  time,  &c. 

14  BiNNS  &  Goodwin,  Bath — Publishers. 

Natural  illustrations  of  the  British  grasses;  illustrated 
with  sixty -two  real  specimens. 

17     Hider,  Elizabeth,  15  Manor  Place,  Kw^s  Road, 
Cticlsea — ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Fancy  floral  paper  for  valentines. 


18  Dean  &  Son,  35  Threadwfedle  Street— VvfAnosn. 
Ornamented  and  illustrated  letter  and  note  paper. 

19  Stidolph,  — ,  2  New  Bond  Street,  Bath — Inventor. 
The  chiragon,  a  hand  guide  for  bl^d  and  tremulous 

writers.     Its  advantages  are  straightness,  equidistaxice, 
simplicity,  and  freedom. 

20  Hughes,  G.  A.,  9  Mount  Row,  Westminster  Road- 

Inventor. 

Machine  for  enabling  persons  bom  blind  to  write  in 
raised  characters  without  using  types.  This  system  is 
well  adapted  for  writing  French,  as  all  the  accents  can  bo 
faithfully  represented. 

Machine  to  write  with  pen  or  pencil  in  skeleton  Roman 
capitals,  which  can  be  r^kd  by  blind  persons  as  well  as 
by  those  gifted  with  sight. 

Machine  to  cast  accounts  and  make  general  arithmetical 
calculations  by  tangible  characters. 

Machine  to  copy  and  compose  music  on  paper.  The 
inventor  is  himself  wholly  blmd. 

Stenographical  treatise. — Embossed. 

First-class  book  and  writing  lessons. — Embossed. 

Musical  notation;  reading  alphabet,  with  examples. — 
Embossed. 

21  Hyde  &  Co.,  61  Fleet  Street — Manufacturers. 
Sealing-wax,  in  combination  with  Rider's  new  mode 

of  taking  impressions  from  stone,  metal,  and  compodtion 
intaglios. 

Solid  India  sealing-wax,  made  hard  expressly  for  nse 
in  hot  climates. 


22  Kino,  Thomas  &,  J.  H.,  4  BartletVs  Buildings, 
Ifolhom  Hill — Designers  and  Manufacturera. 
Specimen  of  a  new  type-music,  in  which  the  various 
pieces  are  combined  on  an  improved  principle,  and  verr 
few  kerned  types  are  required;  accurate  in  its  composi- 
tion, and  equally  adapted  for  simple  or  complex  mufdc. 
The  same  combination,  with  a  new  form  of  note.  Series 
of  chant-music.  Original  design  of  a  series  of  lettersp 
called  arabesques. 

[There  are  two  kinds  of  music  type  in  use;  in  one,  the 
complete  note  is  cast  in  one  solid  piece,  and  in  the  oth«r 
(the  kerned  description)  it  is  made  up  of  five 


CLAas  17.— rAI'EB,  rBINTING,  AND  BOOKBI.NDING. 
Areas  V.  27  to  20 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  21J,  27. 


1  size,  the  sm&llent  beiug 


2-!  Kl«liT,  JOH-I,  in.lConiioiHAwi.?,  iomftrt/i— Producor, 
S|H-cimea8  of  Rplit  paper,   tuid  itn]iroved  method  of 
tui'iiatint;  irooduutH,  fur  Uhutretiiig  tmokn,  fmning,  uid 
■  ithn-jiuqioMa,  uid  for  their  better  praaerviitioii. 

]^Tbe  method  of  splitting  p&per  of  tlie  tliiiuieitt  toiture 
I^  citremel;  nmple.  Two  piecsa  of  calico  nre  firmly 
c-eiuentwl  uo  the  iiideB  of  the  paper,  and  dried.  By  a 
tKDtle  jiull  na  each  aide,  the  p^>er  splita  into  hnlvex,  one 
i>f  vhich  adheree  to  the  calico  on  one  aide,  and  the  other 
to  ita  o]>poaita— the  adhesiaa  between  the  paper  and  the 
talico  being  greater  than  that  of  the  Burfacea  of  the  paper 
tv  each  other.  The  aplit  portious  may  tbeo  be  removed 
by  damping,  aod  so  looaemng  the  paate  betvoon  the 
calico  and  p^wr.  A  bank-note,  although  of  extremely 
thin  t«xtai«,  cu  in  thia  fray  be  aeparated  into  two 
balTB,  on  one  of  which  remains  the  impression  of  the 
plaU,  whila  tha  other  is  blank.— It.  E.] 

24    Ltuattos,  J.  A  J.,  40  BrrTcr  St.,  Golilm  Spiare— 
Producers. 
SpaeimMU  of  bookbinding  and  proceaaoa  connected  with 
it,  ^m  iImIjtii  \>g  Luke  Limaer;  produced  by  hand. 


King  William  the  Fourth'^  royal  Bible,  boimd  in  mo- 
rooon  by  tho  eihibitora,  from  a  design  by  Ltikw  Limner. 
Of  thin  aplendid  eiUtion,  tho  first  proof  sheet  was  struck 
Qfi'byhis  lute  MAJority.  The  sides  are  onuuntnted  witb 
royal  ombloius,  Sk.,  and  tho  cliutpa  composed  of  cnblus 
and  anchoni,  in  honour  of  the  sailor  king.  The  back,  en<1, 
and  fore-edge,  are  shon-n  in  reflectors  at  the  Exhibition, 
This  Bible  is  represented  in  the  accompanying  Plato  44. 

tSpecimen  of  mending  and  fiic-eimile  ;  portions  of  this 
leat^having  beun  destroyed,  the  paper  is  joined  and  the 
printing  restored  with  a,  pen.  Imitation  of  old  Kponisb 
printing,  done  with  a  pen,  in  imitation  of  Faiurdo's  type, 
ofl^ville,  about  the  middle  of  the  seventeenth  century, 
being  the  aupprcssod  "  pi-ologo"  to  that  exceedingly  rare 
book,  "Arte  de  la  Pintuia  por  Francisco  Pachoco,"  taken 
from  Cean  Bennudcs,  and  got  up  to  match  tbe  book. 

photogmpbs,  from  coppor-plates ;  for  completing  rare  im- 
perfect books. 

Specimens  of  paper  from  which  ink  and  other  staitw 
have  been  in  part  extmcted. 

Specimens  of  Bplit  pajwr,  useful  for  removing  Ictter- 
prcas  from  the  backs  of  engravings  and  wood  cuts. 

Brisht  gold  margiu  lines,  applied  to  picture  mountiDg. 

Eight  eianiplea,  showing  the  process  of  binding  nbook. 

Blotting-books  omniuenteil  with  the  co[iimemomtiun 
shiulduf  the  (iroat  Exhibition,  inolectrotype,  by  ElkingtoQ. 
This  shield  is  sbon-n  in  the  accompanying  cut. 


540 


Class  17.— PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29  ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


[UxmED 


20  Macomie,  Alexander,  &  Co.,  6  Percy  St.,  Bedford  Sq. 

— Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  pulpit,  family  Bible,  and  other  binding, 
and  table  clock  case. 

Gottfried  Weber's  "  Theory  of  Musical  Composition," 
2  vols.,  8vo,  edited  by  John  Bishop;  exhibited  as  a  spe- 
cimen of  bookbinding,  and  of  letter-press  and  music  print- 
ing by  moveable  types ;  also  an  illustration  of  the  several 
industrial  arts  employed  in  its  production. 


27  Mansell,  Joseph,  35  lied  Lion  Sqfjtare — ^Designer, 
Manufacturer,  and  Proprietor. 
Specimens  of  ornaments  used  for  decorating  linens, 
muKlins,  damasks,  brown  Hollands,  woollen  cloths,  &c. 
EmboHse<l  and  perforated  Bristol  boards  for  drawings, 
and  ilhmiinated  for  show  cards,  &c.  Paper  embossed, 
and  in  imitation  of  lace,  &c.,  and  other  ornamental  sta- 
tionery.    Envelopes  and  cards,  embossed  in  silver. 


29  Martin,  J. — Patentee. 

Waterproof  jwipor,  rendered  so  by  a  newly-invented 
kind  of  size.  The  paper  manufactured  by  Mr.  Pearson, 
Branthwaite,  Cumberland. 


31  Parsons,  Fletcher,  &  Co.,  22  Bread  Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Printers*  inks. — Black,  for  wood-cuts,  book- work,  ne\n-8- 
papors,  and  posting  bills.     Coloured,   for  printing  pla- 
cards, &c. 

32  Penny,  H.,  11  Old  Bailey — Manufacturer. 
Metallic  pocket-books,  with  pencils  composed  of  various 

metal.     The  writing  cannot  be  obliterated  by  the  friction 
of  the  leaves,  or  by  the  use  of  India-rubber. 


33  PiNCUKS  &  Co.,  27  Oxauhn  Street — Manufticturers. 

Illuminated  note  paper,  and  envelopes  of  various  hei-aldic 
devices.  Specimens  of  stamping  in  relief  on  envelopes 
and  paper;  of  stamping  in  surface  or  cameo;  and  of  the 
registere*!  purse  envelope. 

W.  Smith's  improved  stamping  press. 

Me<lal  dies,  with  the  collars  and  tools  used  in  the  manu- 
factiu*e  of  medals,  including  a  matrix  and  punch. 

J^utton  dies,  and  military  ornament  dies. 

Viu*io»ii*  impressions  from  dies  and  seals. 

Ri^;i:istei'e<l  chessmen,  in  Jennons  &  Bettridge's  papier 
niiiche,  gold  and  silver.  Alphabet,  in  papier  nuich<5  and 
metal. 

34  RoYSTON  &  Brown,  40  oml  41    Old  Broad  Street — 

Manufactuitirs. 
Specimens  of  ledgers,  journals,  and  cash  books,  in 
various  bindings.  A  book  of  pi'ei)ared  copying  paper, 
bound  in  morocco,  with  index,  and  paging;  made  with 
lock  and  key,  for  a  copying  press.  A  book  of  short 
guards,  made  of  adhesive  paper,  for  securing  the  copies  of 
letters,  or  other  documents. 


35  Sapsford,  Newman,  17  Kirbt/  Street,  llottondarden — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen  of  book-binding. 


3<)  Saunders,  T.  H.,  QueniMtltr,  and  Dartford,  Kent — 

Miumfacturcr. 

Stroma  parchment  paper  for  government  loans,  shares 
in  biuik-s.  railway  mines,  and  public  com]>anies ;  also 
adapted  for  envelopes  for  foreign  despatches,  and  a 
variety  of  other  puri>ose8. 

Bank-note  papers,  plain  and  coloured,  of  strong  tex- 
tu!*e,  with  a  variety  of  water-marks,  t«^  i)revent  fraud. 

Si>ecimcns  of  a  new  method  of  making  paiwrs  with 
water-marks  of  an  elaborate  ^md  complicated  design. 

White  and  coloui-ed  safety  paper  for  l>ankers*  cheques, 
letters  of  rrodit,  ^c,  detecting  the  removal  of  writing  by 
any  oiKinical  :i;^ent. 

Gliids  tnuisj>iii*ency  to  show  the  water-maiks  in  jxiper. 


37  Saunderson,  C,  Kilbuni  Lodge,  Kilbitm,  MMletex — 

Proprietop. 

Map  of  Ireland,  engraved  on  copper,  by  John  Dower, 
showing  the  provinces,  counties,  cities,  county  and  mar- 
ket towns,  with  distances  from  Dublin,  &c.  With  two 
illustrations  from  drawings  made  expressly  for  the  map, 
and  engraved  upon  steel,  by  J.  C.  Armitag<B;  contained  in 
a  wooden  map-case,  carved  in  ivy  and  shamrock  leaf,  with 
a  centre  shield,  by  George  Howton. 

The  impressions  from  the  steel  plates  are  taken  upon 
China  paper  and  transferred  to  the  spaces  left  on  the  map 
for  their  reception. 

38  ScHLESiNGEB  &  Co.,  8  Old  Jetcry — Inventors. 
Registered  metallic  memorandum  books,  with  newly 

invented  flexible  backs,  in  morocco,  mssia,  and  other 
materials,  to  admit  many  documents.  Variety  of  port* 
folios,  music-folios,  wallets,  and  pocket-books,  of  the 
same  construction.  Patent  letter-clips.  Registered  parallel 
rulers,  by  which  paper  is  ruled  either  witii  ink  or  pencil, 
in  a  shorter  time  than  with  common  rulers. 


40  SiLVERLOCK,  H.,  3  Wanlrohe  Terrace,  Doctors*  CommonM 

— Designer. 
Specimen    of   letter-press    printing   from    stereotype 
plates  of  medallion  engraving  and  machining,  intended  to 
combine  the  effect  of  copper-plate  engraving  with  the 
cheapness  and  rapidity  of  letter-press  printing. 

41  S3iITn,  Jeremiah,  42  Bathbone  Place — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Adhesive  envelopes  (requiring  neither  ^"ax  nor  wafer), 
and  note  and  letter  papers,  embossed  with  emblazoned 
anns,  crests,  mottoes,  initials,  &c. 

DomWs  patent  tracing  and  writing  cloth,  for  engineers, 
surveyors,  architects,  and  others. 

Papers. 

[In  the  interesting  collection  of  papers  in  the  Exhi- 
bition, from  various  pa|)er-mills,  there  are  groups  whose 
degrees  of  excellence  must  be  estimated  by  very  diflferent 
standards ;  as,  for  instance,  the  brown  wrapping  and  the 
fine  hand-made  <lrawing  papers,  the  sugar  and  the  fine 
printing  papers,  the  bibulous  plate  paper  for  engrravers' 
Uf*e,  and  the  hai-d  sized  \vTituig  pai>ers.  Collectively  it 
exhibits,  at  one  view,  the  various  qmdities  which  are 
sought  for  by  English  consumers,  and  which,  in  many 
i-e^pects,  differ  from  those  required  by  our  Continental 
neighbours ;  as  an  example,  may  be  quoted  the  substantial 
Knglish  writing  papers  and  the  thin  post  papers  of  France 
and  Belgium,  whose  different  qualities  arise  from  the 
difference  of  postal  regulations  in  those  countries. 

The  system  of  producing  paper  in  continuous  lengths 
by  machinery'  was  first  introduced  by  Messrs.  Fourdrinier 
into  this  country,  they  haWng  purchased  the  patent 
right  of  Mr.  Gamble,  who,  in  1804,  obtained  permission 
fi*om  the  French  Government  to  bring  to  England  a 
model  of  a  machine,  invented  in  1799,  by  Louis  Robert, 
who  was  then  employed  in  the  jMper  works  of  Essonne. 
Tliis  machine  of  Mr.  Roberts  ^*a8  essentially  imperfect, 
l>ut  it  was  brought  to  a  state  of  great  perfection  for  Messrs, 
Fourdrinier,  by  the  ingenuity  of  Blr.  Bryan  Donkin; 
upon  this  has  been  founded  the  varions  descriptions  of 
paper-making  machines  which  have  since  that  time  been 
introduced.  They  consist  essentially  of  contrivances 
by  which  the  paper  i>ulp  is  made  to  flow  on  the  surface 
of  an  endless  wire  web ;  a  rapid  up  and  down  motion 
being  given  to  it  for  the  purpose  of  shaking  the  water  out 
of  the  pulp,  and  thus  producing  a  complete  interweaving 
of  the  textile  filaments.  The  continuous  roll  of  paper 
thus  fonjied  is  turned  off  upon  a  second  solid  cylinder, 
covere<l  with  felt,  iq>on  whicli  it  is  condensed  by  a  third, 
iuid  eventually  delivei'cd  to  drying  rollers. 


8  17.— PAPEB,  PRINTDra,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Abeab  p.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


Sndiih  filtering  p^wr  u  made  with  pure  mter,  uid  ia 
tnora  trre  bom  iropnritr  than  an;  other;  this  is,  in  &ct, 
(Huv  oeUulow,  tad  fields  oalj  hiUf  >  per  ceot.  of  uh  on 
tnciiierMioii.  l^d  papera  nre  thone  wiUi  a  ribbed  aurfaca ; 
Wore  pi^wn  thoM  with  a  uniform  «ur£kaB.  Blue  pupere, 
taader  the  miorgacope,  no  laDger  Bp|>eu'  of  unifonu  tint, 
on  the  oonttar;  the  particles  of  culour  are  icon  widol; 

a  the  pulp  in  ita  vKrioiis  Btagea  of  pro- 
it  nuf  be  stated,  that  Dumeraua  attempts  hiiTe 
bam  made  to  nnplo;  other  fibra,  bemdes  those  of  cotton 
and  lUx,  in  themanuIactaTeof  paper;  for  [oetuuce,  straw, 
iMp-biDa,  )^i— uu,  refuM  of  sugar  cane,  wood  shavings, 
Ae.;  and,  although  p^ier  has  been  jiroducod  from  these 
liMlMlsIi.   je^  commercial)/,  the  attemple  have  beeo 


Satqoined  an  the  principal  dmc  of  writing  paper  i 
£ngli«b  incbM,  and  in  I'rench  centimetrm,  to  the  naarcs 
uiltiiitttn,  or  tenth  of  a 


AtU*     .     . 

.    w   xae 

086-4  X  066 

Colomlner  . 

.3*4X2^ 

087-6  X  0:i9 

Impen.1      . 

.    30   xaa 

076-3  X  05i 

E3epbmt    . 

.     28     X2'J 

071-1  X  0,-.8 

SupCTroyJ 

.     27    X  19 

0ti8-6  XU48 

Br.yJ    .     . 

061-0  X04H 

X«lium      . 

.     23     Xl-J 

U,-,5-9  X  0+4 

Itonr    .     . 

.     20    X  l.'fj 

0.-.O-B  X033 

Un!«po.t. 

.     21     X  161 

OiJ-3x  043 

Rmalt  i>art  . 

.      19     X  151 

o*8-y  X  o:>y 

FwUoap     . 

.      Ifi-iXl^li 

Wl-9  XUM 

W 

D.  I,.  R.  and 

SncB  BaoTueas,  Xem  ISfH-ji  Stivet,  fxnidM- 

WholeMie  and  Kxiurt  Stationers. 

l-Atsr  tinm  laid  }iia1,  Viuimis  llil>.'kna;UiM. 
l.ujr  yulli'W  wov.-  [Ait,  mrioiu  lhic<kni<H<uH. 
Iju-m  i'lue  Uiil  )>Mt,  Titri-iiiit  Ihii'kiKwin. 
l^TitK  I'Uia  «->ve  j»Mt.  voriniui  t)iii'kue.<Hi.'H. 
SiilJI  (.tv-uu  l.iid  p'ii4.  vnriiiUB  thii'kuoivisi. 
Sui.ill  cnniu  Wivc  p'vt,  viirinus  Iliii-kui'iuUM. 
Siuill  T<-ll'jw  wuvupont.  v.irimis  tliiclEUtiwuii. 
'  "  ■    w  thii-kuw:«;K. 


M^h':: 


"I-" 


IS  (hiuknu< 
riniu  tliickuesBr 

irioiis  tliickiiew 


'e  bank  poat, 

Siij«itiae  lull  imjieriiil, 

:>rij«>rfine  laid  royal,  rn 

Sii|-«rtiuir  laid  ileiiiy,  voriuus  tliitltUCHSfs. 

.HiiiflxtiDe  Lud  focrfica]!,  varioiiH  <liii;kui!iut-'i. 

SN|icrliiM  wore  fuulmnip,  v;iriiiu«  thii-luii->iHiiii. 

■■-ii[*rfiiie  JainT,  variuun  Diickiunwcn. 
Sujwrfiui  niyal,  various  Ihitkiu'WKH. 

Siii^rliop  ihMible  demy,  vnrioiw  thii'kncw«<>ii. 

."'ii|'-rliii«  di.iilile  fiNiL«ii|i.  T.iriiniii  tbiikm-^iti. 

.-•  ij«-r1iiw  dfiiiblit  tTuwn,  variriiiii  lbLi;k.iii.-i««-«. 

Tl.— «  an-  ii'«il  fiiT  oidiium'  |irintiiitr  ]-iit]>iHiw,  rrumtbi- 
t:!—-  .i.tlr  f•>lil^  d-iwn  t>i  tliu  dHMti-tt  tnu.-t. 

Fiv  !ii-l  Drws,  rariuiui  Ihiikni-wiiw. 

KiTi>'  ii.iir  QEwa.  vartuun  lbii.'kn<--u>»s. 

n..-^  *n-  .■shiWte'l  of  dilTuivnt  nio',  iu  wtU  m  tUii'k- 
iH-*-^.  f..r  ntn"i«|«-r  iiuri«i«'*. 

K'D->  'i-a^f  el^iliUit,  i'^  inchi-a  wiile,  in  a  uliri't  of  ':••< 

Y  -,-  .l...:l.p  i-l.'1'hniit,  4.1  inihra  wiil.'.  in  .nu-  »lic.-l  .il 
^  '-  \jf\'  in  1uii;Tlh,  fur]iii]icr'ptaliiiii^',  dEL-ui-.ttiuiiii,  and 
art.-t>'.'-il  I'UrinMC^ 


Long  eiophant,  '23  inches  wide,  in  sheota  of  1 3  jnrda, 
for  paiier.hongings,  of  various  qualities. 

Brown  papers  of  nu-ious  sizes  and  thicknesses,  made 
from  pure  rope,  and  especially  intended  for  packing 
purposos. 

A  sheet  of  brown  paper,  93  inches  wide,  420  feet  long. 

[The  introduction  of  machinery  into  the  manufiteturo 
of  paper  alone  could  have  produced  a  continuous  sheet  of 
the  immense  length  and  breadth  dceoribed.  In  the 
proceeaes  by  which  machine-paper  ia  made,  there  sppean 
no  more  difficulty,  in  consequence  of  the  oontinulty  of 
the  manufacture,  iu  making  a  sheet  of  an  indefinite  length, 
than  in  making  one  of  u  few  feet;  and  if  a  supply  of  pulp 
could  be  furnished,  the  machine  might  produce  a  cot)' 
tinuoua  sheet  sufficiently  long  to  encircle  the  world.] 

Buckinghamshire  and  Scotch  millboards,  for  book- 
binding, portfolios,  tmys,  winters,  or  japanned  good^ 
trunks,  steam-ptpe  joints,  boxes,  oases,  gun-wadding,  &c 

4'2a   Jotnsom,  Willia»,  iV.  Itary  fVoy— Monufucturer. 
Sxtn  Sapcrjine  Writing  Paptrt, 
Large  blue  wore  poet,  23  lbs.  per  ream. 
Large  blue  wove  post,  19  lbs.  per  raun. 
Large  blue  wove  post.  17  lbs.  per  ream. 
Large  blue  laid  post,  23  11m.  per  ream. 
Large  blue  laid  iiost,  19  Iba.  jier  ream. 
Large  honk  post,  5^  lbs.  per  room. 
Large  bank  poat,  7  Iba.  per  ream. 
Large  bank  post,  10  lbs.  per  ream. 
Medium  bonk  post,  8  lbs.  per  ream. 
Loi^  cream  lud  pout,  19  lbs.  per  ream. 
Lai^  cream  laid  poet,  S3  Iba.  per  ream. 
Small  cream  laid  post,  17  ll>s.  per  ream. 
>SniaU  creain  laid  piK>t,  31)  IIm.  per  ream. 
SqulU  GPunm  laid  pont,  34  Iba.  per  ream, 
Sumll  cream  laid  post,  2.'i  Iba,  per  ream. 
Small  blue  laid  post,  17  llw.  per  ream. 
Small  blue  laid  post,  10  Iba.  per  ream. 
Blueliudriolscnp,  I.",  llw.  p^r  rcim. 
Crwiiii  Imd  fi...lBi':ip,  l.-i  lbs.  per  ream. 


4+     TiioMJW  A  Sons,  ■.;"  e'wvi/..//— Slunufnctun 
U-rltn-m.  Htbw    foli.i,  niid  private  Iwlgei-s  ii 
.-.i;.,.-i.udl,in.liiig-. 


LiXllliHl  dr. ■■      ■ 

nf  p«,«.-r,   niil     ■       .; 
bo.inls,    r..iii!li     'i    1    -i  ■ 

caiiis.  '      ' 

'    ...pr-.i'nl  of  three  shiwlH 

1        :  iLiruli;.     Itural  druM'iu^ 

■h    -iilnv.      Coloiirctl  crByiiii- 

■MiA  Mumllt  surfaco.     Dirvclioi 

4li   Watehluw  k  SoMH, 

iG  /."«■("«  U'lH-Monufoetun-n. 

C.nuplct..    <^t    of  i«TO 
Suiiieroui'  lUliuloa  of  gi-ii 

int  buokx,    with    [utcut  backH 
i-J  BtiHioncry. 

l.,.t   tlirir 

-l^ 

fri.Mids  «1 

4rt     WciTLFr 

Jo 

S,*c]ij,, 

;.:," 

air. 

!""i'',k''i 

bWiLS  i. 

■xli 

■iui 

542 


Class  17.— PArER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29  ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


[United 


49      Whitakek,  Robkrt,  13  and  14  Little  Britain — 

Manufacturer. 
Playing-cardB,  the   backs  euamelled  and  ornamented 
in  gold  and  colours. 

51    Whiteman,  F.  J.,  19  Little  Queen  Street,  Ifoibom — 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  improved  perforated  plates,  for  marking 
linen,  and  other  articled  with  indelible  ink. 

Specimens  of  marking  on  satin,  with  permanent  ink. 

The  plates  are  engraved  and  prejiared  by  a  peculiar 
process,  and  will  not  decompose  any  of  the  materials 
that  may  be  used  with  them.     (//»  North  Gallery,  F.  18.) 


52         WiDSALL,  George  Frederick,  6  Harrow 
Road,  Padiltn^jton — Inventor. 
Railway,  omnibus,  and  toll-bar  pocket-book  and  purse. 


53      Williams,  John,  29  Bucklershury — Manufacturer. 
An  assortment  of  ledgers. 


55  Arliss  &  Tucker,  15  Fnth  Street,  Suho — 

Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
Exterior  and  interior  views  of  the  building  for  the  Ex- 
hibition of  1851,  showing  the  application  of  printing  to 
tinfoil  and  other  metallic  substances. 


56      Atkinson,  William,  LumVs  Pasaaje,  Fiiish\wy 

— Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  dyed  and  embossed  calico,  for  bookbind- 
ing purposes. 

59  Batten,  David,  CInphitm  Common — 

Manufacturer. 
Guard  books,  and  specimens  of  bookbinding. 


GO  Benner,  Dr.  W.,  B.A.  Cheyne  Ifonse,  Cttlleyinte  School, 

Chebca — Inventor. 

Complete  phonological  English  alphabet,  constructing 
self-pronouncing  words  \*ith  the  proper  orthography. 

Mechanical    syllabicator    and    model   mechanical    in- 
structor. 

61        BiNOLEY,  Mark,  10  Lmrrence  Ponntney  Lane 
— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Patent  headbands  for  bookbinding,  made  by  machine, 
in  lengths  of  several  yartls. 


62  Bone,  William,  &  Son,  7G  Fleet  Street— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  bookbinding  in  cloth ;   and  in  cloth  and 
morocco,  showing  the  present  state  of  the  art. 


63  BoWDEN,  G.,  1  Little  Q^ieen  Street,  Holbomr- 

Inventor  and  Manufiicturer. 
Registered  artist's  economical  desideratum,  having, 
when  closed,  the  appearance  of  a  small,  neat,  flat  case, 
with  a  light  waterproof,  or  fancy  leather  cover;  but  when 
opened  it  will  be  found  to  contain  an  improved  seat, 
with  apparatus  for  holding  the  "  desideratum,"  and  the 
necessary  requisites  for  an  artist,  either  in  sketching,  oil 
painting,  or  water-colour  drawing. 

64  Bretnall.  Thomas  Davis— Manufacturer. 
Patent  {taper  cloth,  made  transparent  for  tracing  maps, 

plans,  engineering  and  architectural  drawings,  ^c.  In 
rolls  of  100  yards  long  by  4o  inches  ^ide,  ^^ithout  fold  or 
joint.     The  same  not  transparent. 

The  surfsice  is  applied  to  and  incorporated  with  the 
cloth  during  the  process  of  its  manufacture. 


65  Cahn,  David,  16  Wilson  Street,  Finshury — 

Manufacturer  and  Importer. 
Vino  and  ivory  blacks,  for  c»>pper-plate,  letter-press, 
and  litho^ap}iic  printers,  dyers,  jaiwnnen*,  pajter-stjiinei's, 
and  cuniei'H. 


66     Candt,  T.  H.,  Kin^8  College,  Strand— Jnymtar  and 

Proprietor. 
Map  of  the  globe,  intended  to  illustrate  a  neur  method 
of  terrestrial  delineation.    The  peculiarity  conasta  in  all 
the  meridians  being  of  the  same  length,  and  all  the  paral- 
lels of  latitude  in  their  true  proportion. 

[The  above  map  is  drawn  upon  a  modification  of  that 
which  is  termed  the  conical  projection. — J.  O.] 


67    Churton,  Edward,  26  Holies  Street — ^Designer. 

Specimens  of  bookbinding ;  each  work  ornamented  ac- 
cording to  the  era  or  the  subject  of  whidi  it  treats. 


68  Clarke,  J.,  61  Frith  St.,  Soho  Square — Manufacturer. 
Various  specimens  of  bookbinding. 

69  CnssoNS  &  Co.,  51  BunJiiU  Bow — Mannfarturers. 

Bookbinders*  cloth,  dyed,  embossed,  and  finished  by  the 

exhibitors.  

71        Clements,  J.,  21  &  22  Little  Pultenty  Street, 

Golden  Square — Inventor. 
Material  for  bookbinding,  or  other  purpooea  wliera  plain 
or  ornamental  surfaces  are  required.. 


73  Cooke  &  Sons,  84  Cannon  Street — Manufkofeorera. 
Coloured,  embossed,  and  transparent  sealing-was,  with 

impressions.  

74  Cruchlet,  George  F.,  81  Fleet  Street — ^Dengnar. 

A  large  map  of  England  and  Walesi  coosiating  of  65 
sheets,  each  24  by  19  inches,  at  two  miles  to  the  indi 
^half  the  scale  of  tne  ordinary  maps). 

Maps  of  Europe  and  the  world. 

Map  of  London  and  environs,  which  illustraftea  to  tlia 
extent  of  six  miles  round  St.  Paul's. 


76    Be  la  Rue,  Thomas,  &  Co.,  110  BtmhiU  J?ok> — 
Manufiu^turers  and  Proprieton. 
Envelope -folding  machine,  inventeid  by  Edwin  Hill 
Warren  De  la  Rue. 

[The  following  is  the  action  of  this  machine.  The 
feeding-boy  places  the  previously  cut  blank  enrelopeB 
on  to  a  small  platform,  which  rises  and  falls  in  the 
rectangular  recess  fonncd  by  the  C}-lindrioal  azea  of 
the  folders  (shown  open  in  the  engraving) ;  the  bear- 
ings of  the  foldera  serving  by  their  elongation  to  guide 
the  envelope  into  its  place  at  the  moment  of  the  small 
Ijlatfttrui  falling.  A  plunger  now  descends  and  croases 
the  envelope  by  carrying  it  between  the  folder-axea, 
at  the  same  time  turning  the  flai)s  upwards  in  a 
vertical  direction:  the  plunger,  which  descended  as  a 
whole,  now  di\'ides  into  two  parts,  the  ends  rising  and 
the  sides  remaining  down  to  hold  the  envelope  until  the 
end -folders  have  operated;  these  latter  turn  over  the 
flaps,  the  one  on  the  right  of  the  feeding-lad  taking  a 
slight  precedence,  and  being  closely  followed  by  the 
gumming  apparatus,  which  takes  gum  from  an  endless 
blanket  working  in  a  trough,  and  after  applying  it  to  the 
two  end  flaps,  retires,  at  the  same  time  the  remuning 
half  of  the  plunger  moves  upwards,  to  allow  of  the  side 
folders  turning  over  the  remaining  two  fli^is,  the  folder 
nearest  the  feeder  taking  precedence.  During  these 
operations,  the  end-folders  have  remained  at  rest,  and  the 
whole  four  open  simultaneously.  The  taking-off  appa- 
ratus, with  its  Angers  tipped  with  vulcanised  caoutchouc, 
now  moves  forward  over  the  folded  envelope,  whicli  ia 
lifted  upwanls  by  the  rise  of  the  snudl  platform  and  re- 
treats with  it,  placing  each  envelope,  as  it  is  successively 
folded,  under  those  which  have  preceded  it.  The  enve- 
lo|»o.^  arc  now  knocked  over  on  to  an  endless  blanket,  and 


Class  17.— PAPER,  PKINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Amas  p.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


■re  conducted  by  it  betwaeu  two  cjlinden  for  a  fiiuJ 
•qiweaa.  and  then  riwi  in  a  pile  up  the  trough,  leeri 
■IjuAit  the  riglit  arm  of  an  attendant,  who  ia  repnaented 
in  the  cngnTing  ■•  fetching  *wa;  the  folded  work. 
Thnv  ia  a  proviiion  in  the  mactuiM  by  which  the  gummer 
ia  prercnted  placing  gum  upon  the  platform,  in  caa 
faader  ODiita  fnding  in  an  envelope.  Thia  machine  worlu 
at  the  rate  of  2,700  flnvelope*  per  hour,  and  although 
■aperaading  hand-labour  in  iblding,  it  ia  aatiafacto 
find  that,  initaad  of  displacing  hands,  ite  introduc 
hy  extending  the  oonaamption,  haa,  in  reality,  created 
waA  for  mot«  Utan  it  hai  diaplaced. 


I    and    entertaining 


Hill  lad  Lie  It  Ruc'a  En\f]opt  I''ultliiig-aiKU». 


.llihiucli  the  twhion  of  luiiig  euvelupee  was  common 
la  FrUK-e.  and  had  Ixwn,  to  a  iiuiall  (iitent,  iutroducud 
iiw  Englanl  prior  to  1(W9,  yet  their  eounumption  waa 
Vy,  iii'iiTuhcant  to  call  forth  luiy  but  the  rudest  nie- 
<lun:nl  aiipliance".  It  'ia  t-i  the  •timulus  created  by 
the  ad.jpti..n  in.  IS  W,  of  Mr.  Rnwianil  Hiir«  eyetem  of 
pjMMf  ref'imi.  anil  the  conne-jucnt  iucrensad  demand  fur 
eST-;  .pu*.  that  their  manufaitiire  owca  ita  rank  aiuongat 
Xt»  aru.  and  ita  poMeaAtna  ofaoine  uf  thu  moat  ingcnioux 
Ck-L^nerr  recently  inTentfil. 

The  V*ai  annual  niiinl*r  of  letlJ-ra  piiBiiing  thmiinh  the 
Pj^'-An  in  the  I'liiti^l  Kingdom  ln-fure  the  ehiuigo  io 
th*  r"*t"?e  WM  almiit  Trt.'KK'.i-rti'.  Tliu  fourpeniiy-ratu, 
an>l  rl>F  8lt««li->a  in  the  xyKtetii  of  chat^  by  nuiiibur  of 
f oil'Mjmi  Ut  that  by  wei):ht,  ffna  introduiwd  on  thu  :jth 
:i  lv.vruUT,  IK'IS.  aifl  on  thu  I'tli  of  Januaiy,  IMID, 
•Jk  FVjt  wan  raduceil  to  one  [lenny:  iliiring  that  year  the 
n>iml«T  of  IrttCTn  incrcaiuil  to  Irta.wiM'.iXnj,  about  half  of 
ml.i<  h  were  encto«e<l  in  envelo|HM.  Thu  numl>er<>f  letters 
L*a  been  at«.lily  inenaniiig  -iuce  tliat  jieriod,  and  during 
"t  roachtil    the  aatoni^hing   minilHT  of 


II  i«r  ■ 


lir.Ti.irt 


.r-^'r-  cncluwd  iu  euvelnpw  huH  likt 
•lu  i^f  to  five.«iith-  <<f  the  total  quiiittt)',  lui  tliat  in 
r.-ifcl  Dumben  :l..>ii."i  "!,'«■"»  ..f  Biivelnpea  paaa  aauuaJly 
Wj-  -ich  the  P.Mt-oHie.?;  Iit«idee  which  there  ia  nairly 
ar.  Ki'ial  number  UMd  in  |iriT«t«  conveyance.  What 
d'-«  ili>   milli'in  of  envelopes  contain  f     Their  eipo- 


sition  would    fiimiah  on  instructive 

Id  illustration  of  the  articles  lometimes  sent  by  post, 
it  may  be  dted,  that  some  yeara  back  Profeaaor  Henalow 
was  in  the  babit  of  receiving,  from  membeia  of  an  agri- 
cultural society  which  he  had  established,  Bpedmens  of 
living  slugi  of  toHoui  kinds,  sent  for  examination,  with 
a  view  to  his  advice  for  their  extermination.  Were 
it  not  for  the  cheap  postage  many  of  the  publiahing 
societies  now  in  existence  would  not  have  been  eatebltshed, 
on  account  of  the  eipenae  of  oollecting  manuscripta, 
transmitting  proofs,  and  circulating  books.  But  it  ia  not 
only  in  this  way  that  the  postal  refona  ha*  extended  its 
benefits,  for  with  the  reduction  of  rates  a  liberal  poUoy 
haa  increased  the  faciUUea  of  deliveiy  by  the  estahliah- 
ment  since  1839  of  4,600  new  post-offlcM,  which  an 
estimated  aa  serving  about  14,000  village*. 

Returning  to  the  manubcture  of  envelopes,  we  find 
but  little  progress  until  March  1B45,  when  Ur.  Edwin 
Hill  and  Mr.  Warren  De  la  Rue  took  out  a  patent  for 
cutting  and  folding  machinery.  Until  this  period,  enve- 
lopes hod  been  folded  by  hand,  by  means  of  a  bone 
"folding-stick,"  an  experienced  workwoman  folding  about 
3,000  per  day.] 

Papers  ornamented  in  the  water-mark. 
Arliclrt  of  StattoTury. 

Plain  envelopea,  folded  by  machinery. 

Envelopes,   with  seal  Sapa,  embossed,  plain,  and  In 

Envelopes,  goffered,  lace-perforated,  and  embossed. 

Embossed  and  lace  letter  papers. 

Specimens  of  writing  papets,  highly  glaced,  and  in  fancy 

Siwcimens  of  writing  papen,  highly  glazed,  goffered, 
and  in  fancy  packets. 
Packets  of  envelopes,  in  boxes, 
Note  and  letter  puper,  in  boxen. 
PapotiercB — euvolopes  and  not«  paj-ors,  in  fancy  wrap- 

1*H. 

with   caout. 
chouc. 

Cards  for  weddings,  envelopes  and  "  At  homo"  notos, 
a'afura  and  tivi,  silvercdgeil.  printed  iu  silver,  plaiu  oui- 
bo<>«cd,  anil  eiiiboMcd  in  "ilvur. 

CnniK,  euvel'ipus,  oud  letter  and  note  papers,  plain  and 
oniboiiiiBcl,  for  uioiiniinz, 

Surface -coloured  i 
hanil  and  by  raoi-hinery,    patented  by  W 

(ieliitinu  pa]iei'H.     Kmboued  )ia|ien. 

I'upera  printed  in  coluiin',  gold  and  silve 


nd  metul 

papern,   the  changing  colours  of  iiliieh  lU^ 
athiu  film  of  coUiiirloM  varnish,  [■aleut«d  by 
Tbonuis  Do  la  Hue. 

NethuRi-Djiliic  iin]ivrs,  or  papci^s  priut^Kl  from  nire-clotb, 

itciited  by  Tliouias  De  hi  liuu. 

Plain  gold  and  silver  |iu|>ers. 

Ktiibcmncd  gold  iinil  silver  i>apcrs, 

tiold  borders,  for  box  moJieni. 

I'.istfhoar-b,  Cnr<b,  ic. 

Flaying  card*,  with  plain  and  ornamental  1>ackii,  coni- 
priiunK  n  viuiety  of  floral  mid  fhiit  designs,  some  printed 
'n  oii;iit  cid.iun,  patented  by  Tlioinas  lie  la  Rue. 

SIcHHJigocanls,  pliuu,  white,  tintinl,  goffered,  enamelleil, 
.nd  iridiwent. 

DrnwinK-l'iu'rlK,  plain  and  vmbowe<1. 

Mouiiliug-bounlH,  tinted  and  \i\aa\. 


T.  Do  111  Ruo  and  Co.'s  catalogue, 
riuted  in  gold  iind  coloum,  and  em 


lOtlv,. 


544 


Clam  17.— PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Akeab  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


TUkited 


Box-tops,  printed  in  gold  and  coloura,  and  embossed. 
Bands  for  piece  goodn,  printed  in  gold  and  colours,  and 
•mboBsed.     Book-covers. 

Ball-tickets,  admission  tickets,  and  ]>rognunmes. 
Printing  inks. 

Bookbinding. 

All  the  designs  are  produced  by  the  combination  of  four 
himdred  new  tools,  cut  from  designs  by  Mr.  Owen  Jones. 

Albums,  bound  in  wood,  leather,  and  velvet. 

Scrap-boolu.  Portfolios.  Music  books.  Manuscript 
books. 

Memorandum  books.    Indelible  diaries. 

Pocket  ledgers,  and  account  books. 

Solid  sketch-books  and  drawing-blocks.   Drawing  books. 

Writing-desks,  cabinets,  and  envelope-cases,  in  wood, 
leather,  and  velvet. 

Pocket-books,  wallets,  and  card-cases,  in  leather  and 
velvet.     Sermon,  tourist,  and  note-cases. 

Despatch-boxes.  Playing-card  boxes.  Pocket  chess- 
boards. 

Blotting-cases,  in  wood,  leather,  and  velvet. 

"  MacCabes,"  or  pamphlet,  letter,  or  musio-holders. 

77      Armstrong,  John,  11  Gnhit  CoUctje  Street  North, 

Camden  7W/i. — Sculptor. 
An  illustrated  music  sheet,  containing  two  sots  of 
quadrilles.  No.  1.  "Quadrilles  Antique."  No.  2. 
"  Quadrilles  of  All  Nations."  Arranged  by  Philip  Klitz, 
engraved  by  the  exhibitor.  Published  by  John  Klitz, 
No.  198  Tottenham  Court  Road. 


78  Caslon  k  Co.,  Chisvrell  Street — Producei-s. 

Specimens  of  caligrapldc  type,  engraved  and  produced 
under  the  superintendence  of  Mr.  £.  Boileau.  Printed 
specimen.     The  caligraphic  types  in  chase. 

Specimens  of  improved  coloured  printing  inks,  manu- 
factured so  as  to  be  readily  mixed  with  the  varmsh  when 
wanted.  By  an  improved  process  these  colours,  after 
having  been  deprived  of  all  extraneous  substances,  are 
reduced  to  the  finest  powder,  requiring  only  the  use  of  a 
palette  knife  to  mix  them  to  the  consistency  of  ordinary 
printing  ink,  thus  effecting  a  great  saving,  and  facilitating 
the  labour  of  the  ornamental  printer. 

79  DoBBS,  Ktod,  k  Co.,  i;U  /'AW  Street— Bcm^erB 

and  Mimufacturera. 
Embossed  drawing-boards,  cards,  and  paper ;  enchased  or 
lace-bordered  cards  and  p^>er;  also,  embossed  tableaux, 
exhibiting  the  application  of  embossing  to  the  fine  arts. 


80   SroKia,  Robert,  Ivy  Cottitge,  A7/if/«/<in</— Inventor. 

Throe  bottles  of  chemical  ink.  This  ink  may  be  em- 
ployed on  writing  paper  or  parchment  baimeanxl  with 
grease.  It  is  intended  to  be  ser\-iccable  to  butchers, 
bakers,  oilmen,  conveyancers,  and  solicitors. 

83  HsrwooD,  John,  170  Deansgaie,  Manchester 

— Manufacturer. 
Foolscap  quarto  copy-books,  with  printed  headings. 
Post  quarto  copy-books,  in  two  qualities  of  paper. 

84  Hasier,  Alfred,  I/orsutrth,  tietir  Leeds — 

Monufibctiu^r. 
Cloth  papers  for  pressing  and  finishing  woollen  cloths. 
Press  i>a{>ers  for  stuff  goods,    both  rolled   and  glazed. 
Glazed  papers  used  for  cotton  goods.     Gun  wadding  of  a 
new  descnption. 

85  Hastings  &  Mellor,  Leah — Manufacturers. 
Press  papers,  for  pressing  woollen  cloths.  Brown  papers, 

glazed  and  unglazod,  for  wrapping  up  woollen  auu  other 
manufactured  articles. 


86       Knioht,  J.  Y.,  39  BrPffjate,  //««i!^— Manufacturer, 
ledgers,  royal  folio  pajicr,  ten  quin*s,  white  vellum,  mo- 
rocco bonds;  smaller  account -books,  in  common  binding. 
Those  books,  when  open,  present  a  perfectly  flat  surfiico. 


87  Bagster,  Samuel,  &  Sons,  15  Paternoster  Row — 

Producers. 

Polyglot  bible,  printed  in  sepamta  pocket  rolomea, 
which  correspond,  page  for  page,  with  eaich  other;  so  that 
a  convenient  polyglot  Bible  of  two,  throe,  foiv,  or  mofre 
languages  mav,  at  pleasuro,  be  formed  by  pladng  the 
required  number  of  volumes  before  the  reader. 

Other  s|)ecimens  of  typography  and  binding. 

88  Cross,  Qeoboe,  2  New  Coventry  Street — larmitor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Print  collector's  improved  scrap-book,  without  guards, 
by  which  prints,  drawings,  &c.,  may  be  put  doee  up  to 
the  back,  and  withdrawn  without  injuring  their  edges. 

89  Riviere,  Robert,  28  Great  Qneen  Street, 

lAncntlns  Inn  Fiettis — ^Designer. 

Specimens  of  bookbinding,  viz. : — 

Spenser^s  works,  folio,  morocco,  tooled  with  a  double 
interlaced  monogram  (R.  Riviero)  ;  the  inside  covers 
tooled  with  cipher  £.  S. 

Virgilii  Opera,  roval  8vo,  inlaid  with  variegated  leather 
on  white  morocco;  inside  coven  tooled  in  foliated  curves. 

Common  Praver,  folio,  in  antique  morocco. 

Chronicles  of  England,  4to,  tree-marbled  calf. 

[Inlaid  or  mosaic  binding  is  produced  by  sticking 
varioiu  coloured  lesthers,  silk,  velvet,  or  paper  on  the 
cover,  and  finishing  the  joints  by  Riding. 

Tree-marbling  is  the  mottling  or  marbling  caused  by 
pouring  a  solution  of  green  copperas  (proloeulphate  c^ 
iron),  on  the  cover,  and  causing  it  to  flow  somewhat  in  the 
form  of  a  tree.— W.  D.  L.  R,] 

90  Ferguson  Brothsrs,  EduAwrgh — Manufacturara. 

Specimens  of  printing  type — ^nonpareO,  minion,  brerierf 
bourgeois,  long  primer,  and  small  pica. 

91  Neil,  Robert,  13  North  Bank  Street,  Edinburyk-^ 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  bookbinding,  viz. : — 

An  imperial  quarto  Bible,  morocco  super  extra,  moroeoo 
iii.sides,  with  satin  fly-leaves.  The  outside  of  the  boarde 
and  back  is  a  HT>ecimon  of  hand-tooling,  illuminated;  and 
the  inside  of  the  boards  the  same,  not  illuminated ;  in 
the  interior  of  the  oval  on  each  side  of  the  shield^  on 
white  morocco,  is  a  fjimily  register;  and  on  the  satin  fly- 
leax'es,  is  another  specimen  of  blocking;  or  the  edges,  ars 
the  etchings  of  three  churches — ^top,  St.  John's,  Edin- 
burgh; bottom,  St.]Giles',Edinbuiigh;  front,  St.  MungoTs^ 
Glasgow. 

A  morocco  case  for  the  Bible,  so  designed  that  the 
Bible  may  be  fully  seen,  without  handling  or  ramoving  ifc 
from  the  cushion  at  the  bottom  of  the  case 


92       Sinclair,  Dtncan,  &  Son,  White/ord  Hmge, 
Kiiinhirtjh — Designers  and  ManufkcturerR. 

Small  founts  of  music  type  of  difierent  sise  and  bodr. 
Cases  containing  the  numerous  characters — about  300  u 
each  fount — ^with  a  plan  showing  the  position  and  numbsr 
of  each  separate  character,  for  the  setting  up  of  any  piece 
of  music,  nowever  difiicult. 

Si>ecimen-pages  of  each  of  the  above  music  founts^ 
printed  from  type  and  stereotype  plates.  Books  oootain- 
ing  specimens  of  all  the  book  and  newspaper  letter  fountiL 
S]KH;imen-sheet8  of  uniform  founts  of  book  and : 
letter. 


93  Waterston,  George,  ICdinhnnjh — Manuftwtui 
Specimens  of  sealing  wax  and  wafers  of  various  coloun 

and  qualities. 

94  Mackenbte,  W.,  Ltmdim  Street,  Olangovp — ^Inventor. 
A.  volume  printed  in  church  text,  illuminated  with  red 

capitals;  the  types  of  each  sheet  were  oompoeed  only 
once,  and  both  colours  were  printed  from  the  some  fonn 
without  lifting,  a  method  which  secures  perfect  rs^isiert 
without  incurring  the  expense  of  oompoaing,  as  in  the 
usual  way,  separate  forms  for  each  colour/Several  spe* 


KiSQDOM.J 


CLAB8  17.-.PAPER,  PEINTINO,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Abbab  F.  27  to  29  ;  O.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


545 


(h  pWM  of  this  mode  of  printiiig,  showing  its  general 

96       Basckm  Bbothsm,  Weirhome  Mill,  Chesham— 

ICanu&ctnrers, 
PiBfceot  writing-pspers,  embellished  with  ornamental 
desgns,  and  anthantioi^ed  by  autograph  signatures  in 
the  water-mark. 

[The  waiar-mark  on  paper  was,  until  within  a  very 
aboit  period,  eooiined  to  the  ribbing  of  laid-papers,  or  the 
disfeiaetiTe  markof  the  paper-maker.  Recently,  ornamental 
ilBsi|TM  hare  been  produced,  by  means  of  wires  sewn  on  the 
KaDd-mould  or  the  dandy-roller  of  the  paper  machine,  of 
which  spedmens  are  exhibited.  This  improvement  was 
mtroduoed  by  the  Messrs.  Busbridge.  The  process  consists 
B  fonning  the  required  design  in  brass  plates,  which  are 
on  the  mould  or  dandy-roller.] 


97  BdHMDi,  EBBNBSca,  Cambridge — ^Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 

^p***-*****  of  bookbinding: — Album,  inlaid  in  colours, 
with  interlacing  band  pattern,  edged  with  body  colours, 
imnde  jofBts  aid  vellums  inlaid,  ^t,  and  pamted;  the 
IsBTes  gik,  aihpered,  and  painted  with  brilliant  colours. 

BSbAm  in  purple  morocco,  with  gilt  cover  and  joints. 

98  WnriLET  &  Sons,  ^Sfam/otu/— Producers. 
Specimsos  of  press  boards. 

100  Bmrrm,  Edwabo,  FeUing  Shore,  Qateahead— 

Producer. 
Glaaed  brown  paper,  manufactured  bv  Messrs.  Thomas 
GaUoD  ft  0>.,  paper  brokers.  Felling  Shore.     Qlazed  by 
SB  uupsoved  process. 

101  Com  MM,  AiKXAXDBR,  &  SoNS,  Valley-field  Mills, 

mear  £dmburgh,  arid  45  Upper  Thames  Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Specsmeiis  of  paper.  Large  cream  laid,  laige  blue  laid, 
thick  cream  laid,  and  thick  blue  laid,  post  folio,  note 
^ih\  letter  papers.  Blue  wove  and  laid  bank  post  for 
ftjrtuea  oorretfpondence,  &o.  Blue  laid  medium  and  demy 
f.>r  4COi>unt  boolu.  Bank  note  ]»aper.  Envelopes  in 
UHcketJk,  Fict^>nal  note  paperei,  ^^nth  viewtj  in  oil  colours. 
Fine  (thntiug  demy.     Account  bookri,  various. 

li»2    WiLDD«,  William,  SiuxJlnnd,  Ruchestcr — Designer. 

and  Manufacturer. 
Sf  *«cimeTiB  of  writing  paper  ornamented  by  wreaths  of 
floweni  in  the  water-mark. — Kegintered  dei»ign. 

!••  t  WiiiDfAN,  He!crt  Richard,  9  Trinity  St.,  Cunihriihje 

— Manufacturer. 
TL*  Kin^'fl  Bible,  in  two  volumes,  printed  at  the  Pitt 
I,  C^unbridge,  bound  in  royal  scarlet  morocco,  tooled, 
vitb  iiiuminated  vellum  fly-leaves,  tooled  e<1ge6,  &c. 

!'»•;  Cr!«DALL  &  Addet,  21  OW  Z/<mc/ .SYrocf— Publishers. 

Sjif^tuen*  of  brv)kbinding : — 

Ixi  i^'Id  papvT,  tlie  ornamental  design  being  printed  on 
H  iti  c«<lnure,  by  means  of  wtxKlen  blocks. 

iTi  in'iT*Kct}.  c^jveretl  with  an  elaborate  design  in  pierco<l 
Cvftal.  enamelled,  fdlt,  and  chafed.  The  metal- work  by 
Th'-'iuMA  Burtt  and  S<^ins. 

In  •  iraamental  cloth ;  in  morocco,  inlaid  with  a  pierced 
IT  rr  tablet. 

In  aiomcco,  in  a  style  suitable  for  ccclesLirttical  l>ooks; 
eX"*-  «tcd  by  Jan\*»  Hayday. 

li  TU'*r*icv*t,  using  a  decomteil  china  tablet  ft^r  the  side 
f'f  ih»-  b»>ok,  with  jrilt  bo-HfH  fur  its  j)r»>tection.  The 
t*blM  manufactured  by  W.  T.  Co]>e1an(l,  at  Stoke-upon- 
Trrikt.  

lf»7  KlflOHTft  Hawkes,  StaiJiofc  F'Ptntlnj,  l.T  ClcrheivrcU 

t  ■^,v — Manufacturers. 
St^rpirttTpe  ranti  fr»»m   printing   type,  of  the   various 
•.itr%  sjA  chanctcra;  in  English,  Gorman,  Irish,  S\Tiac, 


Hindostanee,  Chaldee,  Persian,  &c.,  together  with  the 
type  and  the  moulds. 

Stereotype  casts  from  engravings  in  wood,  steel,  &c. 

Specimens  of  stereotype  plates  for  surface  printing  in 
colours. 

Stereotype  plates  for  embossing. 


108  Hock  Brothers  &  Patne,  11  WaXbrook^ 

Manufacturers. 

Account  books  with  metallic  bands ;  fancy  note  and 
other  papers;  blotting  pads;  sketch  books;  publication 
folios;  and  memorandum  books  with  new  elastic  bands  for 
clasps. 

Albums  and  scrap-books,  three  of  the  latter  contain- 
ing nearly  2,000  riews  in  Elngland:  produced  by  the  exhi- 
bitors.   

109  Orr,  W.  S.  &  Co.,  Amen  Corrurr— Producers. 
Various  works  in  plain  and  ornamental  binding,  includ- 

ing  russia,  morocco,  calf,  antique  calf,  and  cloth. 

Series  of  maps,  illustrating  the  physical  features  and 
phenomena  of  the  globe. 

110  Pbckerd,  John  Parsons — Designer. 
Original  design  in  penmanship,  showing  the  effect  pro- 
duced by  Tate's  exchequer  ink. 

111  Westleys  &  Co.,  Friar  Street,  Doctors*  Commom — 

Manufacturers. 
Various  specimens  of  bookbinding,  in  plain  and  orna- 
mental styles;  several  gilt,  with  appropriate  and  emblem- 
atical tooling ;  including  the  Holy  Bible,  royal  folio, 
Oxford,  bound  in  purple  morocco,  with  enchased  clasps, 
comers,  and  centres;  and  painted  edges,  in  gold  and 
colours,  with  appropriate  Scripture  texts  from  the  Old  and 
New  Testament. 

113  Evans,  Edwin,  Yorkshire  Street,  Oldham — Designer. 
Specimen  of  typography. 

117  Macnair,  William,  Glasgow — Producer. 
Specimens  of  bookbinding:    Imperial  quarto  volume, 

bound  in  morocco,  super-extra,  modem  style;  Encyclo- 
jiscdia  of  the  Fine  Arts,  demy  (juarto,  bound  in  calf, 
Hui)er-extra,  an  tit  [ue  style;  Milton's  Paradise  Lost,  impe- 
rial octavo,  morocco,  sui)er-extni,  antique  style;  Gallery 
of  Nature  and  Art,  royal  octavo,  calf,  super-extra,  modem 
style. 

118  Stirling,  W.,  Kentmu-e  House,  Glasgow — Proprietor. 
A  copy  of  the  Bible  printed  by  Her  M^jesty^s  printer 

in  Scotland  in  1«11 :  only  loo  copies  of  this  edition  were 
printed  on  large  jvaper;  it  is  bound  in  white  morocco, 
and  gilt,  as  a  8j)ecimen  of  bookbinding  in  Glasgow. 

119  Todd,  John,  Perth — Manufacturer. 
Writing  inks  and  ink  jKiwdern,   known  as  the   "  Perth 

writing  inks,"  made  up  in  different  sizes  of  bottles  or 
packages.  One  is  a  wubonaceous  ink,  said  to  be  inde- 
structible by  the  action  of  air  or  light,  or  any  knowu 
chemical  agent. 

120  Parker,  J.  H.,  Ox/ortZ—Proprietor. 
Illustrated  books. 


121   Plowman,  J.,  St.  Aid.ite$  Street,  Ox/trt/— Inventor 

and  Manufjicturer. 
Portable  copying  letter -caxo,  for  tuking  copies  of  letters, 
docuinents,  &c.,  written  in  ink.  by  the  mere  i>reMsure  of 
the  hand.     The  ]>r<>cess  is  Hiiiii>le  and  exi>editiouH. 

123     Cocks,  KonF.nT,  &  Co..  Xev  Hurlingtou  Strict — 

i'art  Manufacturers. 
Dr.  B<»yce*s  collection  of  Cathedral  Music,  edited  by 
Joseph  Warren,  in  3  vols.,  lai*ge  folio;  containing  the 
ser>-ices  and  antht^ins  of  the  great  English  Church  c<^m- 
posers  from  the  periwl  of  the  Kvforaiution,  viz.,  Thoniaji 
Tallis,  Uichanl  Fammt  Ryrd,  Ikvan.  John  Hull,  M«»iKy, 
Drs.  Christoi.luT  Tye,  Mirchild,  Hinrj-  AMrith,  Hobert 
Creygbton,  and  Benjamin  Kogors  :  alno  by  Orlainb*  (Jih- 


54G 


Class  17.— PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


[UnnED 


bona,  Thomas  TomkiDS,  John  Parsons,  William  Munday, 
William  Lawes,  Henry  Pnrcell,  Pelham  Humphrey,  Jere- 
miah Clark,  Dr.  John  Blow,  Matthew  Locke,  Gk>ldwin, 
Weldon,  Michael  Wise,  Dr.  Turner,  and  Dr.  William 
Croft,  with  memoirs  of  the  composers,  and  a  portrait  of 
Dr.  Boyce.  Exhibited  as  a  specimen  of  the  art  of  en- 
graving and  stamping  musical  notes  on  plates  of  pewter — 
also  of  music,  printing,  and  bookbinding.  This  work  is 
printed  from  more  than  1,200  plates. 

[William  Boyce,  Mus.  Doc,  was  bom  in  1710.  He  was 
organist  to  several  churches  successively;  and  finally,  on 
the  death  of  Dr.  Greene,  1775,  of  the  Chapel  Royal. 
This  great  work  was  the  projection  and  partly  the  execu- 
tion of  his  predecessor  (Dr.  G.)  Boyce  died  in  1779,  and 
was  buried  in  St.  Paul's  Cathedral.— H.  E.  D.] 

124  FiGGiNS,  Vincent  &  Jambb,  17  &  18  Wtst  Street, 
Smithfeld — Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  type— some  of  the  omamontal  letters 
being  of  French  and  German  design. 

Raw  materials  of  type  metal — ^lead,  tin,  and  antimony. 
Type  metal  of  different  qualities. 

Type  mould  and  matrix.  Type  mould  taken  to  pieces. 
Two  wood-cuts  ;  metal  matrices  made  from  them;  casts 
from  the  matrices. 

Electrotype  copper  matrices  from  casts,  illustrative  of 
the  process  of  polytyping  wood-cuts. 

Form,  super  royal,  containing  upwards  of  220,000 
pieces  of  pearl  type,  weighing  10  stone,  held  in  8URi>ension 
by  lateral  pressure,  technically  called  **  locking  up." 

127  NovELLO,  J.  Alfred,  69  Dean  St.,  Soho,  §•  24  Po^dtry 

— Producer. 
Specimens  of  music  tyi)e,  and  a  sketch  of  the  method 
of  printing  music  from  moveable  types,  showing  all  the 
various  pieces,  their  shapes,  and  the  cases  in  which  they 
are  arranged  before  the  compositor. 

128  Manchin  &  MoBEL,  8  Wilson  Street^  Graifs  Inn  Road 

— ^Manufacturers. 
A  wood-cut,  stereotype  plates,  and  engravings. 

[The  bituminous  stereotype  plates  are  for  printing  pur- 
poses; and  though  new  in  this  country,  have  been  exten- 
sively used  in  France  for  the  last  two  or  three  years;  their 
advantage  over  the  metal  plates  consists  in  their  hanlness, 
which  renders  them  more  lasting,  and  in  the  fineness  of 
their  impressions,  which  is  stated  to  be  equal  to  those  of 
the  wood-cut] 

134     Clark,  W.,  Dunfermline,  Scotland — ^Designer. 

Specimens  of  bookbinding,  viz : — 

Bible,  8vo,  full-bound  in  maroon  Turkey  morocco,  gilt 
edges,  hand-tooled  in  gold  on  bock  and  sides,  with  satin 
linings. 

[Hand-tooled  designs  are  usually  employed  in  the 
higher  class  of  bindings,  and  are  formed  by  the  com- 
bination of  a  number  of  separate  tools  arranged  according 
to  the  taste  of  the  workman. — W.  D.  L.  R.] 

Chalmers*  History  of  Dunfermline,  8vo,  full -bound  in 
red  Turkey  morocco,  hand-tooled  in  gold  and  silver  on 
back  and  sides,  and  with  silver  and  satin  linings. 

Wylie's  Scenes  from  the  Bible,  8vo,  full-bound  in 
scarlet  calf,  fancy  bronzed  paper  linings,  gilt  edges,  hand- 
tooled  back  and  sides,  with  gold  and  silver. 

Cheeyer's  Winding  of  the  Water  of  Life,  8vo,  full- 
bound  in  green  calf,  fancy  bronzed  pai>er  linings,  gilt 
edges,  hand -tooled  back  and  sides,  with  gold  and  silver. 

[Bookbinders,  previous  to  gilding,  prepare  the  leather 
with  white  of  egg,  or  glair,  as  it  is  technically  called,  and, 
after  it  has  dried,  apply  the  gold  or  silver  leaf  with 
heated  tools  of  the  required  design.  The  glair  softens 
and  attaches  itself  to  the  gold,  which  is  readily  removed 
from  those  parts  not  so  impressed. — W.  D.  L.  R.] 

The  Groat  Teacher,  by  Dr.  Harris,  post  Sto,  half-boimd 


in  ^en  morocco,  scarlet  cloth  sides,  fiuocy  bronaed  papor 
limngs,  gilt  edge,  hand-tooled,  gilt  on  back,  tha  siuw 
wrought  with  gold  and  silver. 

135  Clark  &  Davidson,  Mavchlme,  Sooiland — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  bookbinding  in  wood.  Sec.,  Tis. : — 

Pictorial  Bible,  bound  m  wood  boardsy  ornamented 
with  arabesques. 

Songs  of  Scotland,  bound  in  wood  boarde,  in  imitetkni  of 
tartan,  with  view  of  Banks  of  Doon,  in  ornamental  d^ald. 

Portfolios,  with  wood  boards,  in  imitation  of  tertan,  and 
views;  Balmoral  Castle,  in  ornamental  shields;  Holjrood 
Palace,  in  ornamental  shield ;  Andemach  on  the  Rhine^  &e. 

Scotch  snuff-box,  and  Scotch  fSuicy  wood-work. 

Note-books.  Metallic  books,  with  arabesques.  Orna- 
mented wood  flower-vases.  Enamelled  wood  egg-ci^ 
stand.  Portable  work-box.  Thread-reel  boxes.  CiraelMi* 
boxes  and  cases.  Needle-books,  boxes,  and  caeea.  Snuff- 
boxes of  femcy  wood.  Match-boxes.  Toilette-bottla 
cases.  Razor-cases  and  strops.  Spectade-caaea  and  slips. 
Paper-folders  and  book-miarks.  Pomatum  and  soenft 
boxes;  and  scissor-cases.     All  with  imitation  of  tartan. 

136  Bradbttrt  &  Evans,   WhUefrian — ^Produoan. 
Specimen  of  letter-press  and  wood-cut  printing. 

137  DuDMAN,  James,  Cambervcell  Place,  New  Boad— 

Inventor. 
Specimens  of  three  sorts  of  self-sealing  envelopes : — 
First — A  metallic  capsule  attached  to  the  envelope,  eon- 
taining  cement,  which,  by  the  pressure  of  the  thumb, 
spreads  and  seals.  Second — Adhesive  cement  attarhed  to 
the  envelopes,  in  the  sealing  position,  with  a  fuece  of 
metallic  foil  between  the  cemented  surfiMses,  on  removing 
which,  by  pressure,  the  envelope  is  sealed.  Third — ^The 
same  in  principle  as  the  last,  without  the  interpoaing  foil, 
a  portion  of  the  envelope  being  turned  between  tha 
cemented  surfaces:  this  requires  warmth,  aa  the  CTmtmt 
is  harder  than  in  the  preceding. 

130  Wright,  J.,  14  ft  15  Noel  Street,  iSbAo— Pkt>ducen. 
Various  specimens  of  bookbinding,  including  the  illu- 
minated books  of  the  middle  ages,  by  H.  Noel  Hum- 
phrey and  Owen  Jones.  Imperial  folio,  bound  in  brown 
morocco ;  the  boards  cut  and  blued;  tooled  in  the  antique 
style,  the  e<lge8  gilt  and  tooled,  and  many  oU&er  chnee 
workjB^  in  varied  and  appropriate  ornamental  stylea. 

140  PiCKERiNo,  WiLLiAX,  177  PiccodUlif — PkXMlucer. 
Sijecimens  of  printing,  viz. : — 

1.  The  Victoria  Book  of  Common  Prayer,  carefully  eol- 
lated,  and  adapted  to  the  present  reign;  printed  m  laifa 
old  English  type,  by  Mr.  Whittingham,  with 
initial  letters,  and  the  rubricks  in  red. 

2.  King  Edward  Vlth's  Book  of  Common  Player, 
musical  notes  by  John  Merbecke,  1550. 

3.  Euclid,  the  first  six  books,  with  coloured  diagxama  and 
symbols,  useil  instead  of  letters,  for  facilitating  a  know- 
ledge of  Euclid.  This  work  is  a  specimen  of  letter-pteai 
printing  in  colours,  not  hitherto  used. 

4.  The  Princess  Elizabeth,  Francis  I.,  and  an  enamel* 
being  specimens  of  the  dresses,  decorations,  miisil  oraa- 
ment,  and  decorative  art  of  the  middle  ages,  by  Henrj 
Shaw,  F.S.A.         

141  Ellis,  Hercules,  Ifard'Hck  Street,  Dub/iia— 

Pi*oducer. 
Specimens  of  poetiy  published  by  J.  Smith,  49 
Acre. 


142    Ralph,  Frederick  W.,  3(>  Throgmortm  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Registered  polychrest  envelopes,  made  in  three 
and  self -sealing;  invented  to  oombine  in  one  the  note 
and  enveloi>e,  so  that  the  contents  are  always  identified 
with  the  address  and  postmark;  important  in  evidence; 
and  for  correspondence  and  business  puipoaes,  economioal 
in  reganl  to  expense  and  time.  When  used  as  enrelopei 
only,  they  are  more  secure  for  patterns  and  eneloauna 
than  those  in  common  uae. 


Class  17.— PAPEB,  PRI^'TINa,  AND  BOOKBINDINO. 
AHKA8  F.  27  TO  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


143      DrwDNFl,  JoHK,  CW7<im;iioii — Maoufitcturer. 


144    Btam,  Euxa,  Baxaar,  So^a  Sjuart — Producer. 
Compoand  itationery  cua ;  travelling,  writing,  workJDg, 
^  aodn&Nluiuat  oua;  LLdjr's  CBiriago  cumpuiioD, 


V  from  copper  rollen  by  nukchinery. 


lN«lh  of 


it  copper  plate*. 

,   »  nieoe  ot  old  round  rope,   and  piece  or 

of  old  BMt  oo«l-pdt  rope,  the  nuteria]  from  which 


[n*  pafMrmaDiifiwturad  for  the  purpose  of  the  potter 
«M  made  of  liaen  ragi,  but  it  u  now  almoiit  always  made 
trom  cordage,  and  is  nmuiBd.  The  reaaoD  of  this  is,  that 
bng  printed  on  with  ink,  of  the  colour  required  on  the 
wan,  and  of  mch  a  nature  as  to  fix  firmly,  it  is  rubbed 
tfna  the  "hiacuit"  with  a  roll  of  Bannel,  aud  being 
plaued  aaida  for  a  short  period,  it  ia  plunged  into  water, 
aod  the  bibnlouB  pi^ier  lemoTed  with  u  cponge,  leaiiug  the 
nD{«cBaaa  on  the  piece  of  potteiy. — R.  U.] 

148         KbvbOT,  J.  ft  R.,  Zand  3  Hemlock  Sb-at, 
Cirt-i  ar«/— MftnufacturerB. 
Gold  and  ootomed  pqien  for  bookbiuding,  ha. 


n  of  the  tnatsrial  used  in  ita  t 
yiiainljijii  for  the  manufacture  of  paper. 

[Among  tbo  ipesnienit,  which  are  very  nuroerouB,  and 
contain  patterns  of  all  the  papera  in  ordinary  uec,  are 
■fifTSl  lieKrijitiuUd  n^iuiif;u.'turi.-d  f<ic  tbe  iK^uatiou,  of  a 
»erj  ■.u]*rwrtbar»ctBr,  and  iMu-^HginK  imptiJvedqualLliBe.] 

l.'i")  MiU.13  &  KirHARD,  Kdinh"riifi — Founder-. 

A  iTciuien  of  the  «[n.iUe>it  ty|i«i  ever  luaniifacturcd  in 
Iki'  ■.'•hbTi'.  cut  anil  ciiit  ex|iruwily  for  the  (irtiiit  V.\ 
ki(-i'i'<n.  the  whole  of  (Iray'n  "'  Elewj-,"  cnnni^tiuB  of 
thirty-two  Mtnat,  U  cunt:unHt  lu  twg  culumUH,  :lf  iiichcut 


IJI 


Acn-lic,  WiLLiAX,  5  Fw 

JbmnfiKitunv 
Fini7  luriw,  lie. 


■>ri  In-  ruc. 


Fjucj  ftatiirnery. 

nirJu-^Irr— 
lunnufactured 

r--'--  .^_^____ 

l.M  Srrn<iT.H*  nf  ItuiK-i  iitnl  TB*rt»  of  Hie  HklI- 
<ii'«-«  Ta.MT  SuriKTV,  iii»litiite«l  ITUH.  I^.'i-witi.iiv-, 
-V.  r»'«Ti.-rter  B..W.  •::,  St.  I'iiuIb  llhiiraliynrrl,  anil 
1--4  l^iywlillT.  TreamiiBr,  .["bn  Ihimt^  Himm,  Kaq.; 
H  ™"»f7  S^^retariCT.  R^v.  W.  W.  L'bimiim.w.  M..*., 
uiil  Vi-\.  KliniHnir  Henilunun,  U.Ll.  L»mii[iouiling 
M<-cntaJ7,  Mr.  Juiiw. 

Til-  Aiiirtj  m*i  fi.mii-d  to  prnmiito  the  circiilation  'if 
wh^.-^>  t.-.k'  and  tr.'alun'  in  foreign  coiuitri.i,  hi  wull 
■•  iLri^oiit  th*  Hrilb-li  iliiiiunioa.-.  II  cnUHlituli-n  a 
Chr^i^an  iini-n  ••(  tiK-uilam  of  thi-  Ivtnbli.'hed  (Thurtli 
ai^l  '  t  IViih-lAnI  dim-iilt-rT.  It  linn  in-iiitv'l  iiiitvrtimt 
•ra.-i>  an-l  l.-.k»  in  alwnt  lin  Inniriinte-;  iN  onniiiil 
cirfUSiti, «  frani  l]>E  DFjiiiiitorj  in  Loliilcn.  and  from 


varioue  foreign  auiilisries.  amounts  to  about  24,000,000; 
its  receipts,  for  sales  and  benevolent  objects,  to  mors 
than  G^,000i. ;  aud  its  total  distribution  to  Uarch,  1851, 
iDcludiog  the  isouea  of  its  affilUtod  societies,  to  about 
o19,<XK1,dOO  of  copies  of  its  publications.  There  are  now 
about  'l,"^.'  Engiiidi  publications,  besides  several  hundred 
in  foreign  lauguages,  on  ita  catalogue.  These  works  are 
Tnrisd  in  eise  and  contents,  and  suited  to  diSereot  clasiwa 
of  the  community.  Several  books  aud  tracts  Bpeciallr 
detiigned  to  improve  and  commemonite  the  Great  Kihi- 
bition  have  been  itmued  in  English,  French,  Qennan,  and 
Italian.  By  a  carefully  amuiged  system  in  the  concema 
of  the  Depository,  the  sole  of  the  publications  ia  made  to 
cover  all  the  expeoses  of  producing  them,  and  of  the 
necessary  establiiibraent  of  the  Society.  Thus  the  whole 
i!  the  subscriptiooa,  donations,  anii  oontributiona  is 
applied  to  the  gratuitous  circulation  of  Its  publications, 
without  any  deduction  or  choive  whatever.  In  aid  of 
home  and  foreign  benevolent  objects,  the  Society  receivea 
about  G,5G0;.  per  annum,  while  its  grants  during  the 
post  year  were  U.aGOI.,  being  L!,OilOf.  beyond  the  receipt*. 
The  Committee  hsTe  supplied  3,i'^8  libraries,  at  half- 
price,  to  National,  Brittsh,  Parochial,  Day,  and  Sunday 
Schools,  which  were  unable  to  pay  the  full  amount. 
The  total  grants  of   libraries,   for  various  interesting 

The  Society  has  translated^  printed,  and  circulated 
worka  in  the  following  languages^ — 

ir«»rr™  £i.™)«.  — English,  Welsh,  Gaelic,  Irish  in 
native  characters,  Irish  in  Itamon  characters,  Mimks, 
French,  Bretna,  Spanish,  Portuguese. 

^l'orrlllVll  f:-w>iic. — Icehmdic,  Swedish,  Lappoocso,  Fin- 
nish, Danish,  Korweginn. 

B'lai'm  fn.;-!'™.— Hiiss,  Revel  Eathonitui,  Dorpat  Eatho- 
nian,  Lettish,  Tartar-Turkish,  Buriat,  Ciilmuc. 

Cmli-al  Eiir^'pe. — Dutch,  Flemidh,  Oemian,  German 
vul^,  IJthuanion,  Poliah,   Wendish,   Bohemian,   Scla- 

Smthern  JCurnpc, — French,  Oermon,  Latin,  Romancee, 
Knghadin,  ItidLui,  Maltese,  Modem  Greek,  Albanian, 
Turkish,   Turkish  in  Greek   character,    Turkish    in   Ar- 

' ■   ■      ■■    -'■  ■■'       ■  '-  ■■!.'.  111.    Georgian 


//  M'lyin   Roman  chnmcteni.  Malay 

irjAi  "I  rii^'srin.  I>iuiik,  .InvHUfflH'.  Maduiwu. 

/      ■'       .'     .  JhiM-ni.m,    Tohitinn,   Hnrtjtongiiu. 

y..r',\t,;-.:..-\uU;^.»y,    Swhuana,  Kiffi r,  laubu,    Am- 

.1 I.  <.    -  Kiirjf,    MiMuiiiKo,  Creenlondinh  Eiupiinuux, 

Miili^ink,  (ljibt>,:mi. 

[Tlinutyh  the  diHinteroted  agency  of  de^'otoil  fiieoda 
mil  uiiiiaiiinaricfi,  of  dilTcront  ilvnoiiiinatinni!.  ou^eral  lau- 
-  the  fin-t   time,    bc-L-n   brought   i 


tmf'imi.ai 
Chri-itiiin  ].rvH.- 
emurgiug  fii'iii 
iftheoxl..n(  ..I 
that  iluliynu  - . . 

earth, r-(i<>k<^N]-r 
family.      In  -••■■: 


I I'l^j 


11..1II 


.  chai 


II  .V.il. 


bf  fitoeraoa  ira;  duj  IsTabnto,  ar;  maudiy  too  oho,  ks 
taatory;  aij  raha  n&tory  Bbc),  diu  nonoaofy. 

In  TiiAiltdn,  for  the  InhAbitanU  of  viuioiu  ialutdi  in 
tha  Pucific  Ocean,  thui ; — 

I  to'u  habaare  raa  na  roto  i  madabara  o  teie  d«  ao, 
liaere  ahira  van  i  to  boa  raM,  e  oiUi  tei  taua  vahi  ra, 
tapae  atura  vau  I  rein  e  roohia  itiora  i  ta  taoto  i  roto  i 

The  original  of  theao  tranBlations  ii  the  foUowing : — Aa  I 
walked  through  the  vildernow  of  this  world,  I  lighted  on 
B  certain  place  where  wa«  a  den,  and  laid  me  down  in  that 
place  to  sleep,  and  bb  I  slept  I  dreooied  a  dnmn. 

Specimen  of  Chinese  tract,  entitled  "The  Sunmury  of 
IhaOoapel;" — 

g*    ffiHH 

#  a  ill  jfc. 

US  &m 

155  Swank,  ThomabFkanob.  43  Saulhanipton  BnUJings 
^Inventor  and  Uanufacturur. 
SpacimcD  of  red  marking-ink  for  linen,  silk,  Ac. 


1 50      W&BB,  W1U.1AM,  34  Soutliampt-in  Building), 
CSmiMry  L-mc — Producer. 
An  improved  initrument  for  writing  with  pens  and  ink 
Hevoral  copies  aimultoneously. 


158  Leightoh,  Jane  &  Ropert,  Hnrji  AUcii,  Slioc  Lunr, 
SpecimeUB  of  bookbindiDg,  pilubited  for  novelty,  cbeap- 
neBH,  and  deeign.  The  proCBOs  of  binding  ia  conducted, 
na  ^  ae  poaatble,  by  machinery,  each  book  being  orna- 
mented at  a  blow  by  an  engraved  die.  Ofeigns  by  Luke 
Limner.  The  co»erB,  in  imitation  of  corvad  ebony,  are 
Dumufactured  of  papier  nuuhd,  \>y  Maun.  Jackson  and 
Son.  of  Rnthbone  I'lace.  Koch  cover  bears  the  deeigDer'a 
name.  The  book  cloths  are  rendered  waterproof  by 
Leighton  and  Son's  new  procesa.  and  manufactured  by 
Mr.  Jamei  WiUon,  of  1S8  St.  John's  Street,  Clerkenn-elf. 
The  silver  leaf  uied  to  decorate  certun  of  tjieae  books,  in 
prevented  from  tanusliiiig  by  a  new  prooeas,  invented  by 
Leighton  and  Son,  The  clajipn,  and  other  metal  work,  are 
manufactured  by  T.  J.  Ouy,  of  Harp  Alley,  Shoe  Lane. 


159    WoDD^wrooH,  Janes,  Iii  and  17  Pnrbiiidt  Street, 
Liaeolit'a  Inn  Fieldi — Deeigner  and  Manuracturer. 

Specimen  of  an  account  book,  in  which  tlie  usual  defect 
of  breaking  between  the  sections  is  prevented  by  the  in- 
troduction of  patent  vellum  cloth  bands,  which  atrengthen 
the  book,  without  adding  to  its  thiokness  at  the  back. 
The  advantage  of  this  new  material  is,  ttiat  it  will  cany 
ink  as  well  as  paper ;  and  it  is  stronger  and  thinner  than 
Wy  aubitance  hitherto  used  for  the  same  purpose, 
liil  MoBOAK,  F.,  &Co.,  i'i  Cits Noad—laveiAon 
and  Uauiifacturere. 

Fire-proof  jewel -case,  ornamental  inkstands,  gold  pens. 


02    Rusts,  T.,  24  Great  OrmomtStreiliQatmSquart— 

Designer  and  Hanutacturar. 
Specimens  of  bookbinding. 


Specimens  of  Oriental  and  other  types,  in  aixty-MTBn 
langiiagea. 

The  Lord's  Prayer  in  Chinese  charaetan,  with  the 
pmniiQciation  of  each  letter;  and  a  portion  of  IJie  Litm^Ti 
also  in  Chinese  moveable  metallic  types. 

The  Lord's  Prayer  in  smboased  character*,  (or  the  nas 
of  the  blind,  in  two  systems. 


1G5  Isaac,  Josm  Raphael,  62  Quth  Slmi,  i 
Inventor  and  Proprietor. 

Registered  cabinet  in  oak,  for  containing  m^B,  dia- 
grams, &c.,  intended  for  use  in  general  offices,  and 
at  public  lectures.  The  handle,  acung  right  and  left, 
brings  to  view  any  particular  m^  required. 

Registered  manifold  e' — ""  "~   — ' "   '" 

portfolio,  and  suitable 

desk. 

1 


a  mahogany,  for  holding  s 
easel,  muae,  and  resding- 


lioA  B1.ACXW00D  &  Co.,  36  Lotig  A 

IlottloB  Id  earthenware  and  glass,  having  a  lip  or  spout. 


SG     HoDSON,  J.  S.,  2-J  Porlwfnl  Sinri,  Liiu»l*'i  /n 

fifUt— Produoer. 
Specimens  of  letter-press  printing,  in  various  eolonn 


167  Caxfby,  Jaheb,  18  Fatace  Ear,  Armagli,  Intmd— 

Producer. 

A  copy  of  a  one-pound  Ulster  bank-note,  axeoated  on 

Bristol  board,  with  a  common  pan;  ezliibiting  pidonal 

dwigua  of  shipping,  ploughing,  &c.,  aa  a  speoimai  of  tha 

caligraphic  art. 

168  Lines,  EdwaboD.,  ftCo.— Kwiuwr*  Aw,  fUU^ 

Street.  Whittciaptl — UanufitctuTon. 
Blue  writing  fluid. 

160    Baxrmj^  T.,Iluprrl  Strict,  ffatimariet—TnAii^t. 
Ahymnfor  all  nations, byH.  F.  Tupper,  D.C.L.,  F.RA.; 
translated  into  thirty  languages.  Th«  mnaio  compoasd  by 
S.  Sebastian  Wesley,  Hus.  Doe. 


ITO     EoiNBUBoa  School  for  tht:  Busd,  Abbei/  ffiH, 

Eili'ibitnjk— Producer. 

Dr.  Foulis's  tangible  ink  for  the  blind.  This  ink 
although  perfectly  fluid,  oontaina  a  large  quantity  of  aolij 
matter  which  is  ilcposited  on  the  paper  so  as  to  preaent  a 
Idghly  raised  surface  to  the  finger.  Dr.  FouWa  maan- 
script  music  notation  for  the  blind.  By  means  of  this 
invention  the  whole  of  the  chaisctan  in  muaio  cmn  ha 
represented  by  common  pins  stuck  into  a  pincualuoa, 
with  chords  run  through  to  represent  the  etavaa.  Dr. 
Foulis's  simple  method  of  producing  a  raiiad  aot&oe  on 
paper  for  the  blind, 

"  "  '"  ihlotfraph  for  tha  blind.  A  wmple  ^i|i»- 
le  blind  to  vrrite.  Tha  invention  laaimpla 
,  nd  the  writing  is  piaciau  and  oocaaion^* 
elegaut.  Mr.  Onll's  system  of  anthmetic  for  the  blin^ 
sccompliahed  by  common  pins  stuck  into  a  ptncuahion. 
Its  simplicity  ia  such  that  a  bliud  person  can  make  his 
calculations  with  a  few  pins  aa  a  pillow,  or  seat  of  a 
chair,  Sic.  Mr.  Onll's  tyjwa  for  corraepondeuce,  by  whifb 
blind  persons  can  correspond  with  (ina  another,  or  jot 
down  memoranda  for  private  uM. 

171    OaU,  JaNeI,  Mgrtle  B.nJi,  EdifibvrgA—XixvmUir. 

Oall's  triangular  alphabet  for  the  blind,  which,  bj  its 
similarity  to  the  common  Roman  alphabet,  is  easily  read 
by  the  eye,  and  may  be  taught  without  previous  iutnie- 


I  to  toach  tl 


KXNr.DOM.] 


Class  17.— PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  liOOKBINDlNG. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  2G,  27. 


549 


Linn.  Tliiii  alphabet  is  conaidered  ad  an  improvement  on 
circular  aliiluiu«t)«,  by  its  angular  form;  the  letters  are 
Tvnderefl  mi»re  diittinct  to  the  touch;  and  by  the  oxcluaion 
(.if  the  capit«iU,  the  attention  of  the  blmd  in  concentrated 
ujx>n  J^,  instead  of  52  letters,  and  the  size  of  the  printing 
fik'iy  be  reduced.  Volume,  containing  the  Epistle  to  the 
Ej>L«iiuuui,  priuteil  for  the  blind  in  Gall's  triangular 
alphabet,  with  the  letters  serrated. 

( riW^  apMFatus  for  irritiug  by  and  to  the  blind.  The 
blind  can,  by  this  invention,  readily  oorrospond  by  poet, 
ami  GUI  kevp  books  and  other  memoranda.  The  apparatuD 
cnn;«i«t^  of  a  stuffed  frame  on  which  the  paper  is  placed; 
of  a  Oliver  with  bars  to  guide  the  lines,  whicn  are  written 
fr  >m  the  bottom  upwards ;  and  of  small  stamps,  vnth.  the 
lettem  formed  of  common  pins,  which  are  pricked  through 
the  (taper,  and  read  on  the  opposite  side.  By  means  of  the 
tT(»  rv^ter  points  on  each  side  of  the  fhime,  and  by  flhift- 
iqS  tka  oovar  one  half  line  un,  the  paper  is  written  on 
bi>th  liides,  each  perfectly  legible  either  by  the  iingoFS  or 
the  eye.  

172     Raxtkb,  — ,  Froifirfeld  St'ftol,  Frotne,  Scniersct — 

Producer. 
The  National  Anthem  with  music,  on  a  large  scale, 
VfT  the  lue  of  scools. 


174  Mn«,  Robert,  4  Jfuniop  St  net,  Oi  txtfow— ln\entor. 

Electro-fliereotype  plate  for  letter-press  printing.  This 
%ecixD«n  is  from  a  mould  of  g^tta  percha,  taken  from  a 
pw^  uf  duunond  types  in  a  screw  press.  The  gutta 
|«:nh%  was  laid  on  warm,  the  pressure  applied  imme- 
•liately.  and  left  on  for  fifteen  minutes.  When  the  mould 
wa.4  taken  off  it  «*aa  brushed  over  ^nith  plumbago,  and 
c«>p(Msr  dejiosiUxl  upon  it  by  the  known  process.  When 
the  coMjer  deiHMilt  is  backed  up  with  gutta  percha,  it  is 
r^r»<iy  xor  prnu. 

The  iwlvantaf^c  of  electro-Htereotyrie  over  stereotyjK;  ii4, 
that  it  will  last  much  longer,  and  work  much  cleaner. 
The  exhibitor  has  worked  one  of  each  together,  and  when 
the  stereot^-iie  was  completely  worn,  the  electro-stereotype 
wa«  as  good  as  at  first. 

4iutta  ])ercha  plate  to  be  used  in  letter-press  printing. 
PIa*^  uu%i\v  of  i^uttu  pcrclui  fr<»m  wcHMl-cuts,  will  work  a 
\  ,r^v  liiiiirt-sniiju  with  letter-pr«':**» ;  Julvanta{;:eourt  when 
»  -  -In-ut-  are  vx{M!D2«ive,  -.m  the  orijf^uiilrt  mi'^iit  bo  saved. 
<1  ;*vi  j-*nli.i  |.I.»t4*H  can  1>e  iiia«lo  in  a  slun't  time  at  a 
t!  r*.:..;  *.-•■.-*:  ;in«l  whfu  2,  4,  or  0  are  worked  t<»^«'thcr,  it 
*.'.i  ^TUMtiy  f.bi-iiitute  the  wi>rk.  and  le**eu  exp«*n3o, 

M.ik'-  .1  iu«»ulil  fii)m  a  wjwd-eut  l)y  the  metlKwl  a1»ovG 
•  l»-*  r.'^.-ii.  bnir^h  it  over  with  plumbago;  lay  it  on  the 
J  .-•■--.  f»i.  ii|.,  iiiid  jiut  wann  ;:ntta  iKTuha  inti>  it;  aj>ply 
it.-  ;  rvr^iire  m-  lM;tV>n.\  Several  platen  may  \>c  got  from 
tl»-  •  .r.'.f?  Tii'iuld. 

T...-  p.'--'cei^  apj-xvirs  to  offtfr  many  advantofrc-^,  if  the 
f  -w  •-  :■*.  ''iiJir'tiltif-  ofc«»iiipletely covering? tlieimpressjf ma 
«-•:'  tK'.  •}  |n'  letters,  or  the  lines  of  jui  engraving,  with  pliim- 
L-i^-'.  -iT-  uot  t'Hi  (Treat.  The  giittii  i>ereha  plate,  being 
j-r.'i^riy  fin*(i:ired.  is  r«iniie<"to<l  with  the  volt^iic  )>attery, 
aiii  pliAi-<i  ill  a  f«ohitioii  of  the  nulphate  of  copjHT,  which. 
t:.»"'i  iH'l«r^^»t:n;^  el eetro -chemical  decomi>«>riiti«.>n,  dejMjsits 
I  -.r*'  C'^pii'.'r  ill  all  the  liuo/*  iUid  over  the  entire  Kurf^iou. 
I*.  »  -lilii  api.<*-:ir.  if  bs-ul  w;is  u.su<l  instead  of  fpitt;i  percha 
:  r  ■•«*kin,;  the  plati;.  tlmi  it  would  be  better  htt(^<l  for 
J  '.rj*:!!.'  tii.ui  wli^rii  u'^ittii  jtYri-cha  in  employed.--  R.  JI.] 

1 7.'»      W%  u»,  Jami>,  ''f.ii  :.,f  r,,,x<  /:,,.( ^  4.',4  \y, ,/  stnuui, 

■J  /;■■,.'  r.jrh-  li.'.r,  "ml   tfn-    tinut    /f'/.'.. ,    I.'ir.itt-r 

.<f'i.ir.  -  Vr*H\\icvr. 

A  G'-nt  r.il  Atl.ii*.  r«intaiiiiii^  *\7  ina]i<i.  of  the  various 
-  T*-  «if  tht'  wurld.  r«howin;;  their  n-.-ipective  phvMieal  and 
y  ..•  .il  ffuTun:*.  ineludin;;  tin*  nvnt  di>«o«»\rri»'s.  C'o- 
.    r.-'-r  fol'.o.  fuil-rifliiured,  atid  half  ImiuikI  in  Hu;>.-tia. 

A  '  »'-ti' ml  .^tl.u*.  lieiu/  a  useful  ^i-lertiou  from  tlie  piv- 
f-  ■.;!_•       r  ill  «-uIoui>-d;  41  map.-*. 

An  .\'lv«'if  the  Worlii.  c<tuipreiieiiiliii;^.'>'J  si'parato  maps 
*f  ■*.-  ^-inoM-*  ♦•ountri*'-',  con'*tni<*t<Ml  :iiid  dniwii  fn»m 
•r,.  i*r^«t  Ajttn^riomi<-'d  and  frco^nkphical  ob:«ervation^. 
I:.  ;«-hal  qiirrt*^  colounMl,  au<l  handsomely  half-bouud. 


School  Atlas,  with  a  copious  index,  containing  up- 
wards of  8,000  names  of  placeii. 

Popular  Atlas,  containing  48  maps  of  the  various  parts 
of  the  globe,  \%ith  letter-press  description  to  accom|)any 
each  map.  The  World,  on  Mercator*s  projection.  A 
new  map,  containing  the  most  recent  geographical  inform- 
ation, and  constructed  upon  a  new  principle  ;  4  large 
sheets.  The  World,  on  Mercator*s  projection ;  coloured, 
one  lai^e  sheet. 

General  Map  of  Europe,  drawn  from  the  latest  docu- 
ments; divided  into  its  empires,  kingdoms,  and  states; 
showing  the  great  roads,  railroads,  physical  features,  &o. 
Six  sheets. 

Post  Koads  of  Germany,  and  the  ac^jacont  States,  with 
the  posts  marked,  the  railroails,  the  sea-packet  routes, 
and  the  internal  steam  navigation.     Two  sheets,  in  cases. 

The  British  Isles,  with  the  tojMgraphical  and  physical 
features ;  the  lines  of  railway,  their  primary  and  inter- 
mediate stations;  the  land  and  water  communications  of 
the  countries;  and  the  steam-incket  routes,  with  the 
distance  from  port  to  port.  Compiled  from  the  Ordnance 
Survey.     Two  sheets. 

England,  Wales,  and  the  greater  part  of  Scotland,  a 
Railway  and  Topographical  Map,  dra'wn  from  the  tri- 
angulation  of  the  Ordnance  Sui'\'ey,  and  the  surveys  of 
the  Railway  Companies,  and  other  sources  of  information, 
showing  the  lines  of  railwa3's,  the  inland  navigation,  the 
great  and  cross  roads,  cities,  market  towns,  and  villages, 
vdth  the  physical  features.     Four  sheets. 

Plan  of  London  and  Westminster,  'v^'ith  the  Borough 
of  Soutliwark,  including  the  ac](jacent  suburbs,  with  all 
the  additions  and  improvements  to  the  present  time, 
reduced  from  the  large  sur\'ey,  with  an  alphabetical  list 
of  the  principal  streets,  squares,  public  buildings,  &c., 
and  reference  to  their  situation  on  the  plan  ;  also  a 
statistical  table  of  the  population,  &c.     Two  sheets. 

New  Map  of  Londor*,  extending  from  HoUoway  to 
Cambcrwell,  and  from  Kensington  to  the  River  Lea. 
One  sheet. 

Map  of  the  country  25  miles  round  London,  upon  a 
scale  of  1  inch  to  the  mile,  showing  the  turnpike  and 
cross-roads,  railroads  and  stations,  rivers,  woods,  com- 
mons, seiitri  of  the  nobility  and  gentry,  im  well  as  the 
niiuket  towns,  villages,  &c.     Four  sheet**. 

Scotland,  dniwn  from  the  toiK>^T*jiphical  surveys  of 
John  Ainslie,  General  Roy,  and  othei-s,  with  the  post 
towns  and  oflices,  the  turnpike-roads  (both  direct  and 
cross),  railways,  and  the  distances  between  e;K*h  town, 
jtnd  from  Etlinbui-gb.     Two  sheets. 

Ii'elaud,  re<lueetl  fi\>m  the  Onlnance  Su^^■eya.  Four 
sheets. 

Asia,  compiled  from  the  most  recent  documents,  in 
four  large  ^lu•ets. 

India,  from  the  latest  authorities,  sliowinp  the  civil 
and  military  stations,  with  polemetrical  table  of  rcei- 
pro<.-al  distances.     One  lai'i^e  she* it. 

I.-slands  «»f  New  Zealand  and  Chatham  (Jrr>ui>,  from  the 
Admiralty  Surveys  of  tlie  English  and  Fivnch  marine, 
from  the  observations  of  the  otticerM  (»f  the  New  Zailan*! 
Company,  and  from  private  survey  and  skt^tches.  Two 
sheets,  with  plate  of  the  harboui's,  Siiilin^  dinrctions,  &c. 

N«»J"th  America,  exhibiting  the  recent  <lis<-overios.  peo- 
grfii>hical  and  nautical;  dniwn  chiefly  from  the  authoriti<M 
of  M.  do  Humboldt,  Lieut.  I'ike,  Messrs.  Lewis  and 
Cliuke,  Sir  Alex.  Mackenzie.  Mr.  ilciirne,  C*)l.  IJouchrtte, 
Captiins  Vancouver,  Itoss,  Fany,  and  Franklin,  U-ick, 
lJee<'hey,  Deasi»,  jmd  Siujpson,  and  Kelh-k;  also  <les<'rib- 
ing  the  lioun<l;U'y  lines  between  the  territoriin  «if  (Jn-ut 
liritain,  the  L'nitc<l  SUites,  and  the  Mexicsui  aiul  Centi-ail 
Statf.-*.      Siven  .-Ihn'Is. 

Miip  <if  tlie  Fiovince  »»f  Cana<la,  with  part  of  New 
Ihwn-wi«.k  to  Halifax,  and  thel'nitrd  States  fmm  liohton. 
Oui'  v*h«'et. 

South  Amerira.  dniwn  rhielly  from  the  ori>;inal  manu- 
script niaj"  <if  his  Excellency  the  late  (*he\alier  Finto  ; 
likeuiae  fmm  tlios«»  of  the  Itra/il  pnivinces,  surve\e4l 
by  Jo;is  Joai{uiiu  <l«'  liocha,  a  niaLnntratt*  r«>siilt*nt  ntany 
years  in  th't^e  <(»untri«-s;  also  th«;  Ci-pitania  of  Sim  I*aul«i, 
by  Juao  da  Ciiita  Ferrcira.     The  late  Spraii.^h  ttrritories 


650 


CLAB8  17.-.PAPER,  PRINTING,  AND  BOOKBINDIN&. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


rUsiTID 


are  extracted  firom  the  sarvejB  of  £1  Padre  Frandsco 
Manuel  Sobreviela  and  others;  together  ¥dth  the  most 
authentic  edited  accounts  of  those  countries  by  Hum- 
boldt and  Schombuighk ;  showing  also  the  boundaries 
and  states.     New  edition.    Eight  sheets. 

Africa,  compiled  from  authentic  aocoimts  of  travels, 
both  ancient  and  modem,  including  those  performed 
under  the  patronage  of  the  African  Association,  by  Messrs. 
Homemann,  and  Houghton;  also  those  of  Lord  Valentia, 
Sir  Home  Popham,  Captains  Lyon,  Tuckey,  and  Clapper- 
ton,  Messrs.  narrow,  Bowditch,  Brown,  Bruce,  Burchell, 
fUtchie,  Salt,  Laing,  Denham,  Landers,  and  Richardson, 
with  the  nautical  surveys  and  observations  of  Captains 
W.  Smith  and  Owen,  R.N.,  assisted  by  the  reports  of  the 
Missionary  Societies.    Six  sheets. 

Educational  Maps,  The  World,  on  the  globular  pro- 
jection, containing  the  most  recent  information.  Eight 
sheets.  Europe,  drawn  from  the  latest  documents, 
showing  its  political  (fiviaions,  cities,  and  principal  towns; 
Asia,  exhibiting  its  politioal  divisiona,  from  the  best  au- 
thorities ;  Africa,  constructed  from  the  most  recent  travels 
and  other  authentic  souroes;  America,  showing  its  political 
divisions,  and  containing  the  recent  discoveries  in  the  arctic 
renons;  each  in  four  sheets. 

England  and  Wales,  drawn  from  the  triangulation  of 
the  Ordnance  Survey,  and  other  souroes  of  information; 
showing  the  phvtical  features,  cities,  and  market  towns; 
Scotland,  with  its  cities,  market  towns,  and  physical  fea- 
tures; Ireland,  reduced  from  the  Ordnance  Survey,  show- 
ing its  cities,  market  towns,  &c. 

Twelve-inch  globes,  containing  the  modem  discoveries, 
and  the  places  of  the  stars  on  the  celestial  globe  calcu- 
lated to  the  present  year;  on  high  mahogany  stands,  &c. 

[A  map  may  be  defined  as  a  projection  of  the  surface  of 
the  globe  on  a  plane  surface.  As  the  form  of  the  earth  is 
nearly  that  of  a  sphere,  it  is  evident  that  the  only  map 
which  can  truly  represent  the  positions  of  places  is  that 
on  the  surface  of  a  globe.  That  projection  which  comes 
the  nearest  to  the  true  representation  of  the  globe  is 
termed  the  ''globular."  Qu'  Mercator's  projection  some 
of  the  difficulties  attendant-;  upon  circular  projection  are 
avoided :  all  the  lines  are  right  lines,  and  all  the  meri- 
dians are  equidistant.  The  advantages  of  this  projection 
are,  that  the  bearing  of  every  .place  is  true  with  ^respect 
to  other  places,  and  distances  may  be  measured  correctly 
from  it;  but  the  spaces  between  the  parallels  of  latitude 
increase  as  they  recede  from  the  equator,  and  in  high 
latitudes  the  departure  from  truth  is  great. — J.  Q.] 


176  LovRiOT,  Oeoboe,  Heading,  Berks— luYentor, 
Permanent,  or  indelible  black   writing-ink  for  public 

records,   not  affected  by  age  or  any  of  the  ordinary 
chemical  agents. 

177  Sheam,  W.  F.,  14  ffalsey  Terrace,  Cadogan  Street, 

Chelsea — ^Producer. 
Class  roll,  or  school  attendance  r^giater  book. 


178  Wilson,  Bobim80n,  WhUehaven — Producer. 

The  Descent  from  the  Cvw,  executed  in  ten  weeks 
with  steel  and  crow  pens  and;  Indian  ink.  The  outlines 
were  taken  from  an  old  print,  and  no  brush  was  used, 
the  shading  being  performed  with  a  piece  of  paper  when 
the  strokes  were  damp.  On  each  cheek  alone  are  up- 
wards of  two  thousand  strokes  with  the  pen,  imitating 
line  engraving. 

179  Galbraith,  W.  J.  T.,  WeUiwjton  Cottage,  South 

Lambeth — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Indelible  writing  fluids. 

180  Owen,  Ho&atio,  Falcon  Square— Designer  and 

Proprietor. 
Specimen  of  typography,  being  the  speech  of  His  Royal 
Higimeas  Prince  Albert,  at  the  Mansion  House  Banquet, 


together   with  translations  into   the  Qermaa,  Vnach, 
Italian,  Turkish,  and  Arabic  languages. 


181 


Kronheim  k  Co.,  32  Patemoeter  Bout — 
Manufacturers. 
A  variety  of  fiuicy  borders. 


182        Stephenson,  Blake,  &  Co. — Producers. 
A  various  assortment  of  printing  type. 


183  Datib,  J.,  1  Duke  Street,  Norih  Parade,  Batk^ 
Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
New  system  of  music,  and  general  instructions  for  tbe 
pianoforte,  organ,  pedal  harp,  &c. 


184 


Reed  &  Pabdon,  1,  2,  ft  3  LontXts  Comi, 
Paternoster  Bovr — ^Ptodncera. 
Various  specimens  of  letter-press  printing. 


185     Tait,  W.  J.,  Church  Street,  Rugby— ^^rodneer. 
A  variety  of  school  outlines. 


186    Hume,  Rev.  W.  K,  White  Colne,  Halstead,  Emu:— 

IVoducer. 
The  Jubilee  Almanack,  for  a.  d.  1851 :  printed  in  gold 
on  vellum,  with  poeti<»l  illustrations,  in  a  frune  and 
glased. 


187  Rahsat,  Robert,  2  Oreenside  Place,  Edmbmyh — 

Designer  and  Executor. 
Specimen  of  ornamental  typography,  composed  of  mar^ 
ble  borders,  rules,  &c.,  forming  a  front  view  of  FVee 
Church  College,  Edinburgh. 

188  Wason,  Rioby,  Conrar,  near  Qirvan,  Ayrshire — 

Designer. 
Plans,  showing  the  method  of  reclainung  waste  land; 
on  a  new  principle,  applied  by  Rigby  Wason,  Esq.,  be- 
tween the  yeans  1840  and  1850,  to  an  estate  of  about 
4,000  acres,  formerly  a  wild  moor  without  any  road,  and 
with  only  a  few  patches  of  cultivated  land  surrounding 
the  house ;  it  now  bears  excellent  crops  of  com  and 
and  will,  in  a  few  years,  be  all  reclaimed. 


189  Barkeb,  J. — Inventor. 

Casts  from  wood  matrices  for  the  use  of  silk,  cotton, 
and  other  printers. 

190  Meek,  O.,  2  Crane  Court,  Fleet  Street— Muinhetanr, 
Ornamental  perforated  papers,  representing  lace  and 

crochet  work. 


191  Tapperell  &  Innes,  2  Winchester  Street^  Old  Broad 

Street,  and  Queen's  Arms  Hotel,  Cheapide. 
Ancient  map  of  the  Cities  of  London  and  Westminster, 
and  the  adjacent  districts,  as  they  appeared  in  tha  early 
part  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  reign.  In  this  ancient  map  and 
drawing,  the  palace  of  Westminster,  the  government  •»»<l 
public  edifices,  &c.,  are  very  clearly  indicated. 

192  Whitbread,  JosLiH,  142,  Oxford  Street — 

Proprietor. 
New  plan  of  London,  drawn  from  authentic  warvejm, 
on  a  scale  of  3  inches  to  a  mile. 


193  Ruff  &  Co.,  2  &  3  ITind  Court,  fleet  Street — 

Producers. 
Map  of  London  and  its  environs,  in  six  sheeti^  on  a 
scale  of  8  inches  to  the  mile,  showing  the  division  of 
parishes,  &c. 

194  RicKMAN,  William  Charubs,  21  Park  Side,  ffyde 

Park  Comer,  and  Pole  More,  Wexfifrd—Inventot 
and  Designer. 
Portfolio  bracket,  for  the  purpose  of  holding  portfolios 
of  drawings,  prints,  ^.,  and  exhibiting  their  oonteote  to 


KlXODOM.] 


Clabb  17.— paper,  printing,  AND  BOOKBINDING. 
Areas  F.  27  to  29 ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


651 


■dTutage.    It  !■  attached  to  the  wall,  and  is  made  to 
open  and  ahut:  carved  in  grenadillo  wood. 


195      Bblct,  Robebt,  &  Compant,  Fann  Street, 
Aidengate  Street — ^MaDufacturers. 

Specimena  of  Drinting  types.  A  complete  series  of 
Elizabethan  or  church  text,  with  initial  letters  of  the 
Tudfir  period.  Typographical  ornaments  taken  from  the 
remains  of  Ninereh  and  Etniria,  court  hands,  Persian, 
Syriac,  and  Arabic. 

Modem  type-founders'  mould  and  matrix,  with  types 


196        BAsmiTT  &  Co.,  173  Fleet  Street— ^Producera. 

Specimens  of  eodesiaBtioal  binding  : — 

Royal  folio  Bible,  carred  wood  boards,  covered  vnih 
Turkey  morocco,  without  cut  or  join;  metal  ornamental 
mountings. 

Royal  folio  Common  Prayer,  polished  oak  boards,  or- 
namental metal  hinges,  and  clasp  (the  hinges  and  clasp 
produced  by  electrotype). 

Imperial  quarto  Bible,  Gothic  oak  boards. 

Imperial  quarto  Bible,  carved  wood  boards,  covered 
with  Turkey  morocco,  without  cut  or  join. 

Royal  quarto  altar  service,  ultramarine  border  to  pages, 
earred  wood  boards,  covered  with  Turkey  morocco;  cor- 
and  centre  metal  mountings,  produced  by  electro- 


type. 
Royal 


_.  yal  quarto  altar  service,  velvet;  Gothic  metal  mount- 
ings, produced  by  electrotype. 

Sundry  small  Common  Prayers  and  Church  Services, 
fwafoiaiad  and  engraved;  solid  metal  oovers,  &c. 


197     PiTHAjr,  Isaac,  5  Nelson  Place,  Bath — Inventor. 

Chart  of  the  phonogrwhic  and  phonotypic  alphabets. 

The  Bible,  Hec.,  printed  phonetically,  and  the  Testament 
in  phonetic  short-hand. 

[Tlie  phonographic  or  phonotypic  systems  have  this 
peciiliar  principle,  that  words  are  \\Titten  and  printed  as 
tbrv  are  pronounced.  Since  pronunciation  differe  with 
dL0tnct>>,  it  appears  difficult  to  decide  uj>on  a  standard, 
azyi  if  deci<led  i'^>on  by  one  district  exclusively,  then  the 
ph^'Do^n^hi'*  tfystem  becomes  exposed  to  more  objections 
ttan  the  jeduarj  orthography. — R.  E.] 


"» :***      SocttTT  FOB  Teaching  the  Blind  to  Read, 
Atmuc  liotui,  hUjenVs  Park — Proprietors. 

Eiiib<Mvw^  b<^K>ks  for  the  blind.  The  characters  which 
\xA\^  Vieen  made  use  of  for  letters  are  raised  above  the 
*i.rf  jce  of  the  paper,  so  that  the  sense  of  touch  may  supply 
thr*  wMit  Iff  sight.  These  characters,  which  are  repre- 
M*&ti9ii  in  the  annexed  cut,  are  simple  in  their  form, 
b»:nz  a  i^traight  line,  a  curved  line,  and  a  <lot  placed 
in  tiiflV-rent  jxisitions;  by  this  means  the  complication 
*{  wtn»k(«  in  the  letters  of  the  alphal>et  is  avoided, 
an'i  thf  puftils  are  enabled  Wi\h.  case  to  distinguish  one 
lctt«T  from  another. 


ABCOCrCHi 

•    ^     C     (      ^     \    ^    1      • 

JKLMNOPPR 

;^      f     r^    ^    O      J.-/ 

STUVWXYZ&c. 

-     I      >     \     f     •     \     -    \ 

tl  X\  rr        TH  SH  FH  CH  NC         Wn  CH 

IS         a4         •S7a         a         o 


A*  the  fin^r  cannot  pass  over  a  word  so  rapidly 
iiP  th*-  fve,  grt!at«T  fluency  is  securr<l  }»y  the  use  of 
c  ntrawrtj«-nii  similar  to  those  employed  in  short-hand 
^r.'Auz.      Many  who  have   lost  their  sight  in  advanced 


life,  and  whose  sense  of  touch  has  become  less  acute 
from  hard  work,  have  been  enabled  to  read  this  simple 
alphabet,  when  they  have  found  it  impossible  to  ms- 
tinguish  more  complicated  characters.  An  adequate 
knowledge  of  the  system  can  be  acquired  by  a  pupil  in  six 
months,  and  by  many  in  a  shorter  period.  The  system 
was  proposed  by  the  late  Mr.  Lucas,  of  Bristol,  and  was 
reduced  to  practice  by  the  Rev.  J.  W.  Qowring,  in  the 
year  1842,  under  the  direction  of  the  London  Societv  for 
teaching  the  blind  to  read.  The  greater  portion  of  the 
Scriptures,  with  the  lituigy  of  the  Church  of  England, 
and  various  books  of  elementary  instruction,  have  already 
been  published  in  these  characters. 

Chrphering  boards  for  the  blind.  The  boards  being 
perforated  with  square  holes,  types  with  simple  cha- 
racters raised  in  their  ends  can  be  arranged  in  any  order. 
Five  characters  similar  to  those  employed  in  reading  are 
used  in  different  positions,  each  havmg  a  numeral  value. 

Maps  for  the  blind.  The  land  is  raised  above  the  water, 
and  cities,  mountains,  rivers,  and  boimdary  lines  are  all 
marked  so  as  to  be  easily  felt. 

Qeometrical  boards  for  the  blind. 

Specimen  of  embossed  copies,  used  for  instructing  the 
pupils  in  the  common  system  of  writing,  the  pf^r  used 
being  prepared  with  embossed  lines. 

Apparatus  for  enabling  the  blind  to  emboss  Lucas's 
characters,  and  thus  communicate  with  each  other.  The 
characters  are  raised  on  a  stamp,  having  ten  arms,  fitting 
into  the  aperture  of  a  slide  so  that  the  letters  cannot  be 
incorrectly  formed  ;  this  slide  moves  along  a  bar,  and 
indicates,  by  means  of  a  rack,  the  distance  it  has  been 
moved.  The  lines  are  kept  equidistant  by  the  bar  which 
moves  down  the  board,  which  is  retained  in  its  position 
by  a  simple  contrivance. 

A  specimen  of  music  for  the  blind,  in  raised  characters, 
each  character  denoting  both  the  sound  and  its  length, 
whereby  the  stave  is  dispensed  with.  The  music  can 
be  written  by  means  of  the  embossed  copies. 

Chess  boards  for  the  blind.  The  black  squares  are 
raised,  and  the  pieces  have  pegs  to  fasten  them  in  the 
board.  The  black  pieces  are  distinguished  by  a  point  at 
the  top.  The  last  three  articles  were  invented  by  Mr.  W. 
Wood. 

Specimens  of  basket  work  and  knitting  clone  by  the 
pupils  at  the  Institution,  Avenue  Road,  Regent's  Vixxk. 

[The  invention  of  characters  in  relief  was  among  the 
earliest  measures  resorted  to  for  the  instruction  of  the 
blind.  Mr.  Gall,  of  Edinburgh  invented  an  alphabet  upon 
this  j)rinciple,  called  'Hhe  triangular."  Moveable  letters, 
place<l  in  grooves,  were  aften^-ards  employed,  but  aban- 
doned. A  string  alphabet,  like  the  "  quipos,"  or  knotted 
cord  of  Peru,  for  distant  communication,  ^iis  proposed. 
Various  other  attempts  for  this  purpose  were  made,  until 
Haiiy  invented  the  art  of  printing  in  relief;  this  was  then 
aj)plied  to  Mr.  Gall's  triangular  alphabet.  By  the  system 
of  Mr.  Lucas  the  repetition  of  numerous  letters  is  avoided ; 
simple  characters  are  usotl ;  particles  are  mostly  repre 
sented  by  initial  letters,  a  system  which  is  followed  upon 
the  frequent  i-epetition  of  a  word. — R.  He.] 


199  Gardner,  W.  H.,  Tro^i  Tfousc,  M<mningtrcc,  Essex — 

Designer  and  Executor. 

Si)ecimen  of  i)enmanship. 


200         Anderson,  Duncan,  67«/>//"'/— Proprietor. 

Napoleon  in  his  Robes,  from  the  lithograph  of  the  en- 
graving of  Ger.inl's  jucture. 

KuK'Tis'  Watering-place,  from  the  cnp^aN-ing. 

Philip  baptizing  the  Eunuch,  from  Browne's  engraring 
of  Both's  ]»icture. 

All  copicil  with  a  common  iK-n,  in  China  ink,  by 
Joseph  Lin«lsay,  a  dwif  mute,  an«l  pupil  of  the  Glasgow 
Institution  for  the  Pxlucation  of  the  Deaf  and  Dumb. 


552 


Clabs  17.— paper,  printing,  AND  BOOKBLBIDING. 
Abeab  F.  27  to  29  ;  G.  H.  I.  J.  26,  27. 


201   British  and  Foreign  Bibus  Soostt,  JEorl  Street, 

Blackfrian — Produoera. 

Specimens,  couaiBting  of  165  booka,  ia  different  lan- 
guages, fi-oni  the  170  versions  of  the  Holy  Scripturea, 
either  iu  whole  or  in  part,  which  have  been  published 
directly  or  indirectly  by  the  Society,  and  of  which  118 
are  from  translations  never  before  printed;  and  of  which 
more  than  twenty-four  millions  of  copies  have  been  cir- 
culated since  its  institution  in  1804. 

Eight  8i)ecimen8  of  four  editions  of  the  English  Bible, 
showing  the  improvement  made  between  the  years  181 B 
and  1851,  in  reference  to  quality  of  paper,  printing,  and 
binding,  at  an  average  reauction  of  62  per  cent,  in  the 
cost  price. 


Western  Europe, 
English  Bible. 
Wdsh  Bible. 
(Saelic  Bible. 
Irish  Bible  (VemaouUr). 
Irish  Bible  (Roman). 
Manks  Bible. 
French  Bible  (Martin). 
French  Bible  (Ostervald). 
F.vnch  Bible  (De  Sacy). 
Breton  Testament. 
French  and  German  Teatameat 

and  Psalms. 
French  and  English  Testament. 
French  Basque  Testament. 
Spanish  Bible  (Scio). 
(SaUlan  Testament. 
Spanish  Basque,  St.  Luke. 
Spanish  Gipsv,  St.  Luke. 
JudoRO  Spanbh,  Old  Testament. 
Jodoeo  Spanish,  New  Testament. 
Spanish  and  Latin  Bible. 
Portuguese  Bible  ^Peroira). 
Portuguese  Bible  (Almeida). 

Northern  Europe, 
Icelandic  Bible. 
Swedish  Bible. 
LapponcM  Testament. 
Finnish  Bible. 
DanUh  Bible. 

Faroese  and  Danish  St.  Luke. 
Quanian  or  Norwegian  Lapponeae 
Testament. 

Central  Europe, 

Dutch  Bible. 

Flemish  Bible. 

German  and  Uehrew  Old  Testa- 
ment. 

Lithuanian  Testament. 

Samogitian  Testament. 

Polish  Biiib'  (Honum). 

Polish  Bible  (Gothic). 

Upper  Wendish  Testament. 

Lower  Wendish  Testament. 

Boliemian  Bible. 

Hungarian  Bible. 

German  Bible. 

Hungarian  Wendiah  Testament 
and  l*salms. 

Sonthem  Europe, 
Italian  Bible  (Diodati). 
Italian,  with  Latin  Psalms. 
Latin  Bible. 

Komaneso  New  Testament. 
Kngliadine  New  Testament. 
Piedmontese  New  Testament. 
Pifdraonte^e  with  Italian,  Pludms. 
Piedmontese    with   Freaeh,    St. 

Luke  and  St.  John. 
VaudoiM  with   French,  St.  Luke, 

and  St.  John. 
Bulgarian  Testament. 
Grei'k  New  TesUment  (Ancient). 
Greek  Bible  (Modem). 
Greek  with  I^tin,  TesUmcnt. 
Turkish  Bible. 

Turkish  Bible  (Greek  characters). 
Turkish    Testament    (Armenian 

character). 
Wallarhian  Testament. 
Servian  Testament 
Albanian   with    Modem    Greek, 

New  Testament. 

liussia, 
Russian  Testament  (Modem). 
Sclavonic  and  Modem  Kussia  New 

Testament. 
Dorpat  FlitlionianNew  Testament. 
Revel  Gsthoniaa  New  Testament. 


R  ussiit — continued. 
I^ettish  Bible. 
Sirenian  St.  Matthew. 
Mordvinian  New  Testament. 
Tscheremissian  Gospels. 
Tschuwaschian  Gospels, 
Orenborgfa  Tartar  Testament. 
Karelian  St.  Matthew. 
Turkish  Tartar  Pentateuch  and 
Joshua. 

Caucasian  and  Border 
Countries, 

Georgian  New  Testament  (Eccle- 
siastical). 

Georgian  New  TesUment  (Civil). 

Armenian  Testament  (Ancient 
and  Modem). 

Armenian  Testament  (.\ncient 
and  Ararat). 

Armenian  Testament  (Modem). 

Ararat  and  Modem  Armenian 
Testament. 

Trans-Caucasian  Tartar  St.  Mat- 
thew. 

Armenian  Testament  (Ararat). 

Armenian  Ihalms. 

Semitic  Languages, 

Hebrew  Old  TesUment. 
Hebrew  New  Testament. 
Arabic  Bible. 
Judaso  Arabic,  four  books  of  Mew 

Testament. 
Syriac  Bible. . 

Syriac  and  Carshun  Testament. 
Carshun  Testament. 
Syro  Chaldaie  Gospels. 

Persia, 

Persic  Testament  (Martynj. 
Persic  Old  TesUment  (Glen). 
Judso  Persic,  four  Gospels. 
Pushtoo  Testament. 

India, 

Sanscrit  Gospels  and  Acts. 
Hindustani  Vesument  (  Roman). 
Urdu    Persian,  portions    of    Old 

Testament. 
Urdu  l^rsian.  Gospels  and  AcU. 

Northern  ami  Central  India, 

Bengalee,  portions  of  Old  TesU- 
ment. 

Bengalee  and  English,  Matthew 
and  John. 

Bengalee  TesUment  (Roman^ 

Bengalee,  with  English  TesUment 
( Roman ). 

Uriya  Bible. 

Hinduwee  Old  Testament. 

Harrottee  TesUment. 

Bikaneera  TesUment. 

MoulUn  TesUment. 

Punjabee  TesUment. 

Cashmerian  Testament. 

Nepaulese  Testament. 

Southern  India, 

Tellnga  TesUment. 
Cknarese  Bible. 
Tamul  BiUe. 
Malayalim  Testament. 
Tulu  TesUment. 
Kunkuna  TesUment. 
.MahratU  TesUment. 
Oulerattee  TesUment. 
Cutchec  St.  Matthew. 


Ceylon, 
PnM  Testament. 
Singalese  Bible. 
Indo-Portuguese  Testament. 

Indo-Chinese  Countries, 

Assamese  TesUment. 
Khassee  St.  Matthew. 

Chinese  Empire, 

Chinese  Bible. 
Chinese,  St.  Lake  and  Acts. 
Manchoo  Testament. 
Mongolian  Old  Testament. 
Mongolian  New  Testamevl. 
Calmuc  Gospels,  &c 

Ilitfier  Polynesia, 

Malay  Bible  (Rom«n). 
Malay  Bible  (Arabic). 
Malay  Testament  (Ia>w). 
Javanese  'Testament. 
Dajak  Testament. 

Further  Polynesia. 

Tahitian  Bible. 
Rarotonga  Testament. 
New  Zealand  PtoUteucfa. 
New  Zealand  Joshua  and  Psalms. 
New  Zealand  TesUment. 
Malagaise  Genesis  and  New 
Testament. 


Further  Poll 


Fe^jeean  TesUment. 
Africa. 

Coptie  irith  Arable,  tadms. 
Coptic  with  AxaUk,  Gospels. 
Kthiopie  TMtament. 
Amfiarie  BIhle. 
Berber  SC  Lake. 
Dollom  St.  Matthew. 
Mandingo  St.  Matthew. 
Accra  St.  Matthew  and  St.  John. 
Yoruba  Romsna. 
Namaniua,  St.  Loko. 
Sechoana  Testament  and 
Cafko  Testament. 
Sesoto  Oospek. 

AweriCfia 
Greenland  Ish     TostaHMn 

Ptalms. 
Esquimaux     Pentateudi 

Josbna. 
Mohawk,  St.  John. 
Chippeway,  St.  Mattbaw. 
Creoleae  1  esUmeat. 
Negro  ^Dialect  of  Sarinan,  Tm- 

tamontand  Pdama. 
Baquinuns  Tcstamtmt. 
Aimam  with  Spanish,  St.  Lukm, 
Mexican  St.  Lake. 


202     Hareisok,  Arthur  Prichard,  190  Wesierm  Mood, 

Brighton — Designer. 
Framed  arms,  printed  and  staineid  in  blazonry  colonn, 
granted  as  hereditary  bearings  to  the  nobili^  bj  Kiag 
Henry  III.,  dated  1245.  Roll  of  arms  granted  as  heredi- 
tary bearings  to  the  kni^ts  compenioDB  at  the 
of  Karlaverock,  by  Edward  I.,  1900.  Soil  of 
granted  by  King  Richard  11.  to  his  nobility,  dated  1377. 
Roll  of  arms  of  all  the  Knights  of  the  Qarter,  from  their 
instalment;  plates  and  ancient  records  in  St.  Qeorge'a 
Chapel  and  Windsor  Castle.  Tournament  roll  of  King 
Henry  YIII.,  a.d.  1510.  FacHsimile  of  Magna  Gharta, 
with  arms  of  the  barons,  &c.,  dated  12U.  Death  tnovaot 
of  King  Charles  I.,  and  of  Mary  Queen  of  Soots.  Wmh 
simile  of  illimiinated  prayer  by  Henry  VIL  Qenaakgy 
of  sovereigns  of  England,  with  arms. 

20.*^    Bell,  Major  O.,  17  Cecil  Street,  Strand—lnrmdor. 
Tabular  presentment  of  imiversa],  historical,  literary, 
and  artistical  time,  extending  orer  a  aurfiwe  of  aeeny 
4,000  years,  in  25  diagrams. 

204  Strangewats,  John,  18  Harpur  Street,  Bed  Lkm 

Square — Producer. 
New  chart  of  British  biography,  from  the  comineiioe- 
meut  of  the  15th  oentury  to  the  preaent  time. 

205  BoYSTON  &  Brown— InYentoi*. 
Specimens  of  bank-notes  and  bills  of  esohaiun,  en* 

graved  by  a  patent  process,  to  prevent  foi^gezy.     v  ariout 

account  books.       

206  Walton,  T.,  King  Edward  VI.  Soks^l,  Bimunfhem 

— Producer. 
Outline  chart  of  general  history. 

207  Cleaver,  Willl^m  Jones,  46  PiooadiUjf — 

Designer. 
Oak  and  glass  case,  containing  an  assortment  of  Biblea 
and  books  of  Common  Prayer,  and  a  selection  of  other 
books  in  ancient  and  modem  bindings.     Exhibited  for  the 
colours  of  the  leather,  general  design,  and  workmanahip. 

208  Spiers  &  Son,  Oor/on/^ Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 

Enveloi)es  and  paper,  embossed  in  colours,  firom  college 
and  other  dies. 

Models  of  six  cathedrals,  Osborne  House,  Martyrs' 
Memorial,  Oxford,  &c. 

210    Watson,  William,  8  George  Street,  Pocklin^on 

Producer. 
Plan  of  the  down  of  Market  Weighton,  East  Biding, 
Yorkshire. 


WOVEN,   FELTED,   AND   LAID    FABRICS,    DYED   AND   PRINTED. 


INTRODUCTION. 


The  Brta  of  the  coloor-printer  uid  dyer  form  the  subject  reprcsentad  by  this  CUh.     The&e  arts  b 


ita  spplialiOD  to  Tarioua  fabrics.  But  lincc  cbemietry  bus  been  allowed  to  occupy  a  part  of  the  atteotioa  of 
the  mmnnlactnrGT,  a  very  different  rcBult  has  arisen.  The  indications  of  experience  are  confirmed  by  the 
tf  hinpi  of  philoeophy,  and  in  a  largo  number  of  iQst«uces  a  vaitt  economy  of  material,  time,  and  labour,  ha* 
beeo  «fl*ated.  In  addition,  chemistry  has  brought  to  light  new  compounds,  and  new  means  of  ohtuning  dyes 
■nd  eoloun  fJ  great  brilliance  from  a  few  simple  combinationB.  It  ia  consequently  now  almost  universal  to 
find  that  attached  to  the  extensive  works  of  the  dyer  and  colour-printer,  is  a  lai^  laboratory  fitted  up  for  che- 
mical inreatigatioaa,  and  the  processes  developed  in  which  are  often  the  source  of  very  great  commercial 
pnMwritjr. 

TiusClaaB  includes  Woven,  Spun,  Felted,  andLaid  Fabrics,  when  eihibited  as  specimens  of  printingor  dyeing. 
In  the  Sub-Class  A.  are  included  the  Printing  or  Dyeing  of  Woollen  or  any  Mixed  Substances ;  B.  Include* 
Printed  Caliccea,  Cambrics,  Hualins,  Velvet,  and  Velveteens ;  C.  Dyed  Cott«n  Goods ;  D.  Dyed  Linen  Goods ; 
E.  The  I^eii^  or  Printing  of  Leather,  Hair,  Fur,  &c. 

Tba  qiacial  part  (tf  the  Buildinf;  devoted  tt>  objects  in  this  Class  is  that  iiicludod  by  Areas  L.  M.  and  N. 
2  to  5,  and  O,  S  and  4.  But  throughout  the  Building  specimens  of  the  art  of  the  dyer  in  the  production  of 
the  mrst  rich  and  boHutiful  colours  are  prciienteil  in  objects  which  apj*ar,  properly,  in  other  Classes,  The 
Ti:rkiv-rivl  calico  and  cloth  ctiipliiyeil  in  lis  dooiratiou,  and  in  the  indication  of  IIh  various  de]«rtniciitB, 
av--nii(i',  &c.,  form  an  inlerestin^  instance  of  this  kind, 

1  he  print-works  of  Ijincnshiri',  and  particulnrly  of  Manchester  and  its  vicinity,  form  the  most  cxjiciisivo 
j'-nnimif  printcil  and  dyeil  articles,  Glasgow,  Carlisle,  (.'rnyford,  rninley,  anil  other  places,  also  cinilain 
iiu|'-rLuit  wiirks  of  a  soinewliat  similar  description,  Tlic  origin  of  cotton  printing  apjiears  to  have  taken  placo 
IS  the  viciuity  of  tlie  mctr<i]iuliH  in  lliT3. 

Ihirinic  the  last  ball-cent iiry,  a  surprisin;^  development  of  printin);  in  colour  and  dyeitiir  ban  taken  plnce.  It 
ii>  ri-riuiaii^l  that  at  its  comuiencement  the  annual  ipiantitv  of  cotton  printed  was  32,8(J1J,72U  yards.  Kut  in 
l^>.  thi«<|iinntity  bad  attained  the  enormous  increase  of' .14T,4.'>0,29!f  yards;  and  it  has  xince  still  further 
.i.i-r-a-iwl.  llic  print-works  of  Lancashire,  and  other  places,  form  a  surprisine  s[)eclacle  of  the  oiierationof 
rrj>-nii<~al  and  mechanical  prices  on  the  iireal  saile.  'I'hat  which  was  formerly  the  laliour  of  weeks,  ia  now  i)er- 
!■  mii^l  in  a  <by.  .\  pii-ce  of  cloth  is  printcl  al  the  rate  of  linliilnils  of  yanis  in  a  day.  (*ll  Oliu  sjilo  of  a 
iriji-liliit-rtupm  it  aso'iids  moist,  with  colour  from  the  engraved  copjior  cylindvr ;  on  the  other  it  ileseends  dried, 
n'jili  f'lr  the  final  j ip kx-ssi's.  The  printin:;  machines  arc  marvels  of  in;:euuity  ;  the  [>attern  is  applied  by  ibo 
rnrr.ii  i"!  surface  of  one  or  more  copjier  cylinders,  which  have  receiveil  the  ]iattem  fiwn  a  small  Hteel  cylinder, 
IT  "  niill,"  ratable  of  iin{ire«iiin;:  seveRil  with  the  some  design,  ami  thua  saving  the  coal  of  rcjniited  engraving. 
At  hrkt  noiy  one  colour  could  be  ajuJIed ;  now  from  siji,  or  oven  eight  and  ten  ooIouth,  are  applieil  in  constant 
fiiim-wii'ii,  Tliiwc  njacbiues  jicrforu  their  work  with  grml  niTiimcy  and  siiih»1,  and  prmliice  all  the  i-oiiiniimcr 
[■tirmsavcn  in  daily  iiw;  1  but  liand  lalwur  is  still  employed,  even  in  these  works,  for  ftne  or  compliciitcd 
«"rk,  and  more  ]«rtiru1ar1y  for  jiriiitinv;  mousM^iiniMle-laiiie  dresses,  &c.  The  guwls  thus  printed  are  i-xjtirleil 
in  'Tiim<'n>e  iiuantities  to  all  par's  uf  the  worid,  a  large  imrtion  licing  also  retained  fi-r  home  use.  For  loreign 
i..U!itri.-  a  ct-riain  jH^cnliarily  of  cliiDiiialic  .irraiigcnieut  is  necessary,  in  onler  to  render  the artick's  adapted  to 
th<'  ta-ti-  of  mirchaJi'Ts, 

T1,<-  art  'if  the  dvi-r  In  towns  is  a  manufacture  on  a  smaller  scale,  and  carrieil  on  genemlly  in  small  eslnblish- 
ii.iiits  'hvijiMl  to  that  purpose.  But  extensive  dye-works  exist,  which  arc  tinpliiycd  in  iiiipiirlin;;  various 
O'liarn  lij  cl<>th,  Ac,  on  tlil'  great  scile.  To  the  pnw[>t'r<FUs  pursuit  of  cilher  of  tliese  iirls,  it  is  lieginiiing  to  lie 
ni'TT  and  more  wid.-lv  fell,  llint  un  enlightened  nnd  |>hiloKo|>hii'al  mind  is  i.S  (he  lirsl  iv.tiHeipiim-e.  And 
i:-.-  MimliT,  extent,  and  iiuiiThiiici-  nf  nmiy  of  thefnuildishiiif-iils  where  Ibeyare  t-xtcnsively  carried  on,  is  a 
^miifyia;!  iD<licatiun  of  tlie  jireseiit  position  uf  those  who  are  occupied  in  i>iich  [luniiiits. — I!.  K. 


554 


Class  18.— WOVEN,  PELTED,  AND  LAID  FABRICS, 

Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  2  to  5. 


[UNOTro 


1     Evans,  Datid,  &  Co.,  121  Cheapside,  and  Crayford, 
Kent — Manufacturers  and  Printers. 

Bandanna  handkerchiefs,  manu&ctured  in  India. 

British  bandannas,  manufactured  at  Macclesfield,  from 
Bengal  and  China  silk. 

Spun  bandannas,  manufactured  in  Lancashire. 

Ladies'  silk  dresses.     Table  covers. 

Registered  designs. 


2  Baker,  Tockebs,  &  Co.,  30  &  31  Gresham  Street — 

Silk  Manufacturers  and  Printers. 
British  and  East  India  silk  handkerchiefs  and  dresses, 
printed  in  London.    Registered  designs. 

3  LiDDlARD  &  Co.,  Friday  Street,  Cheapside — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed  mousseline-de-laines,  bareges,  &c. 

4  Inglis  &  Wakefield,  Busby  Print  Works,  near  Olasgow 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed  mousselines-de-laine  on  cotton  warp;  printed 
cashmeres,  balzarines,  cottons,  and  jaconets;  the  dahlia., 
a  patented  colour.    The  designs  are  all  registered. 

5  Andrews  (Hugh),  Sons,  k  Oee,  55  Friday  Street — 

Producers. 
Printed  cotton,  muslin,  woollen,  and  mixed  fabrics. 


6  Devas,  Minchener,  k  Rodtlege,  24  Lawrence  Lane — 

Proprietors. 
Specimens  of  printed  cambrics  and  muslins,  exhibited 
as  cheap  and  useful  productions  for  the  middle  class. 

7  Welch,  Maroetbon,  &  Co.,  17  Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 

A  selection  of  silk  handkerchiefs,  manufactured  from 
China  silk,  and  India  corahs,  printed  by  the  exhibitors. 

Printing  blocks  for  the  purpose  of  shewing  the  process 
of  Bandanna  printing. 

8  Wilkinson,  William,  89  Wailing  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
China  cord  "  pongee"  handkerchiefs,  and  China  and  grey 
twilled  bandannas,  British  manufacture.  India  corahs, 
specimens  of  madder  red,  cochineal,  crimson,  and  other 
courses  of  work.  Specimens  of  printed  and  dyed  work, 
in  various  stages  of  manufacture. 

9  Swan  &  Edgar,  Piccadilly,  and  Regent  Street — 

Proprietors. 

Spitalfields  silks,  velvets,  &c.,  manufactured  by 
J.  Balance  &  Sons,  Stone  &  Kemp,  and  Winkworth 
&  Proctens. 

Printed  muslins,  butterfly,  rose  and  convolvulus  pat- 
terns.    Printed  by  Hargreaves  Brothers. 

10  Law  &  Sons,  37  Mcnkwell  Street — Manufacturers. 
Embossed  silk  and  velvet. 

Specimen  of  cloth  used  for  bookbinding. 

Embossed  velvet  and  furniture-linings  for  decorations. 

Embossed  grounds  for  paper-hangings. 

11  Crocker,  J.  &  A.,  51  Friday  Street — Manufacturers. 
Harness  woven  muslins  for  curtains.  Complete  drapery, 

blind  and  curtains  of  harness  woven  muslin,  showing  its 
adaptation  for  window  decoration. 

Pointed  cotton  for  furniture  uses ;  the  colours  produced 
by  machine,  and  by  a  combination  of  machine  and  block- 
printing.  

12  Keymer,  Jas.,  Lawrence  Lane — Producer. 

Silk  bandanna  handkerchiefs  in  needlework  style, 
flowers,  small  or  Fichus;  and  a  study,  commemorative  of 
the  Great  Exhibition.  Printed  at  the  works  of  Augustus 
Applegath,  Dartford. 

13  Mair,  Son,  &  Co.,  60  Fnday  Street,  London,  and 

163  Ingram  Street,  Olasgow — Manufacturers. 
Twilled  bandannas  and  cambric  handkerchiefs. 


14    McAlpin,  Stead,  &  Co.,  Cummersdale,  Carlisle — 

Designers  and  Printers. 
Machine  and  block  chintz  furnitures,  upon  cotton  velvet 
and  calico. 


15 


Hindlet,  C,  k  Sons,  134  Oxford  Street — 
Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Printed  chintz  furniture:   original   designs,    English 
production. 

16  Foster,  Porter,  k  Co.,  47  Wood  Street,  Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 

British  and  East  India  silk  handkerchiefa,  printed  in 
London. 

Block  employed  in  printing  handkerchiefa. 

Silk,  thread,  woollen,  leather,  and  silk-plush  gloves. 
Bandannas.  Parasols.  Ribbons.  Fsnoy  hosiery — polka 
jackets,  gaiters,  hoods,  hose,  kc. 

17  Wilson,  — ,  Producer. 
Specimens  of  cloth  for  bookbinding. 

18  Welch,  Thomas,  Merton  Abbey,  Merton — 

Manufacturer. 

Printerl  cloth  drawing-room  table-oovers,  of  various 
designs  and  colourings. 

Embossed  cloth  drawing-room  table-covers,  different 
designs  and  colourings. 

19  Walford,  Richard,  27  Lawrence  Lane — ^IHroprietor. 

Printed  silk  handkerchiefa.  East  India  silk  manofao* 
ture,  printed  in  England. 

20  Johnson,  R.  J. — ^Producer. 
Specimens  of  dyed  goods. 

21  SwAiNSON  &  Dennts,  97  New  Bond  Street — ^Dedgners 

and  Printers. 
Chintzes  for  dining-rooms,  libraries,  &c.  Chioti,  imi- 
tation of  drapery,  for  wall -hangings,  curtains,  Ac. ;  of  tiee, 
flowers,  drab  leaves,  kc. ;  of  group  of  flowers  and  ribbon ; 
of  the  acacia;  of  group  of  flowers  in  rustic  panel;  and  of 
birds  and  flowers,  for  drawing-room  curtains,  &c.  Chinties 
suitable  for  bed-furniture,  &c.,  26  inches  wide. 

22  Underwood,  William,  1  Vcre  Street,  Oxford  Street — 

Manufacturer. 
Printed  cloth  table  cover,  commemorative  of  the  Qreat 
Exhibition.  This  table-cover  is  represented  in  the  ac- 
companying Plate  37.  The  printinig  of  this  cover  has 
taken  223  blocks  and  copper-plates.  In  the  centre  are 
the  arms  of  Qreat  Britain,  surrounded  by  those  of  the 
principal  nations  of  the  globe,  with  suitable  inacrqytiooa. 

23  Clarke,  Enoch,  Neate  Street,  Coburg  Road, 

Old  Kent  ^ock^  Manufacturer. 

An  assortment  of  printed  and  painted  japanned  table- 
covers. 


24  Tates  &  Taylor,  42  Gutter  Lane,  Cheapside-— 

Manufacturers  and  Proprietors. 
Printed  and  embossed  table-covers,   for  ornamental 
table  furniture.    Shaded  style  of  work,  giving  a  velvet- 
like  i4>pearance,  similar  to  needlework,  from  one  im- 
pression. 

25  Thomson  Brothers  &  Sons,  1  Mosley  Street,  Manchester 

— Producers. 
Printed  cambrics  and  mousseline  de  laines,   cotton 
warps,   shot  silk,  and  worsted;  printed  cambrics,  k/o., 
silk  warps,  shot  silk. 

26  BcRD,  John,  &  Sons,  Manchester — Printers. 
Machine-printed  calicoes,  madder  and  steam  colours. 
Block-printed  calicoes,  steam  colours. 
Machine-printed  muslins,  madder  and  steam  colours. 
Block-printed  window  bliuds. 

Printea  quilts. 


I 


HEULDIC  TABLECLOTH. 


^      ^ 


KlKODOM.] 


DYED  AND  PRINTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  2  to  5. 


555 


27  DALOLI8H,  Faudoher,  &  Co.,L€nnox  MUU, 

L^tmoxtovn,  Stirling — Printers. 
Calico  prints  and  muslin  prints. 

28  Thb  Strikes  Pbintino  Coxpamt,  Manchester — 

Producers. 

Specimens  of  machine  printing  on  cotton  velvet;  eight 
colours,  produced  by  one  operation,  at  the  rate  of  sixty 
yanU  per  minute. 

The  same  on  calico;  eight  colours.     Steam  work. 

Specimens  of  madder  work. 

29  NnjiOH,  Knowlks,  &  Co.,  11  Oeorge  Street, 

MancKester — Printers. 

Calico  and  mousselaine-de-laines,  crimson  ground  style. 
Coloured  steam  printing. 

Chintz  furniture  showing  fourteen  colours,  chintzes  and 
other  prints,  all  the  colours  printed  at  one  time  by  cy- 
linder.   

30  P^yrrEB,  E.,  &Co.,  Dinting  Vale,  Olotsop,  and  Manchester 

— Producers. 
Variety  of  calico  prints;  moderate  in  cost,  adapted  for 
a  variety  of  markets,  and  produced  by  machine  through- 
out.   

31  SAMCKLa,  John,  &  Co.,  ifancA^idr— Manufacturers. 

BladJL  and  Turkev-red  velvet.  Black  velveteen.  Drab 
moleskin.  Drab  eight-shaft  cord.  Black  satins.  Printed 
drilLi.  Albert  tweeds.  Moleskins.  Holsteins.  Velveteens. 
Waldemars.  Furniture  velveteens.  Mock  quiltings  and 
herring  bones.    Diamond  and  welted  quiltings  and  satins. 

32  Rajwet,  Cbarleb,  &  Co.,  Manchester — Proprietors. 
l>red  and  printed  cotton  trouser  cloth,  in  imitation  of 

wooUen ;    possesses  the  appearance  and    durability  of 
woollen  cloth. 

33  BAKjnauiAN,  Hekrt,  &  Sons,  Manchester — Producers. 
Pateot  doth  used  for  upholsterers'  purposes,  as  cur- 

tainii,  &c.,  so  produced  that  they  will  not  tarnish. 

Cloth  (Tuitable  for  ladien'  dreaaeH,  gentlemen's  coats, 
bliA-iinij'*  for  book.-*,  and  ombellifihmentri  of  varioua  kinds. 

.^4    Batley  &  Craves,  Gl  Mo^le;/  Street,  Manchester. 

Cajico  priiitrt,  fast  lilacM,  madder  colourB;  chocolate 
?T».nind,  garanciue  work  ;  .aid  two  and  three  coloured 
tii.yid«;r  work**. 

Sample  <»f  a  new  "re«i«t"  puq)le,  that  will  throw  off 
ch"-^  ,»Ute,  dark  puri>le,  catechu,  bro\sTi,  or  red  grounds. 


SwASwicK  &  JoBNflON,  Muncheatcr — Producers. 
Printed  calico  and  priuted  mu.slin. 


?,*)         HoTLE,  Thomas,  &  Sons,  58  Mosley  Street, 
M'tnch'ster —  Manufacturers. 

Print#^l  calic<^)e.'»,  black,  puri)le,  and  whites;  light  pur- 
pl'  -  Aui  brunette**,  &c. 

Pririt^l  cambrics,  in  all  colours,  suitable  for  children, 
az^i  liir^e  {jattt* m.-*  for  dre»*j»e!*. 

IVinted  xuui4linj<.     Cbt»cked  and  plain  jaconets. 

IVtnted  mua-Meliue-de-laiuos  and  llamas,    both  mixed 

'Machine-printing  is  j>€rfonned  in  the  followng  man- 
H'-r.  The  fabric  is  drawn  by  power  over  one  or  more  en- 
pr^veii  copper  cylinders,  the  lower  part  of  which  revolves 
in  a  tp»ugh  cont;uninjL;  the  colour.  By  an  ingenious 
a,rraiij^^*ment,  a  blade  of  steel,  or  other  metal,  called  a 
i\m:i.-r.  mjwjve*  the  su|»iTfluous  colour,  leaving  only  the 
iti  i*ntAtiouj«  on  the  cylinder  charged  therewith.  The 
prvw*tirc  t*j  which  the  fabric  is  subjected  causes  it  to 
Airwirb  thii*  culour,  and  it  is  then  carried  upwards  into  a 
r  .■  lii  at  a  hi;;h  temperature  where  it  is  dried,  and  returns 
t..'  uixlrnj.j  further  processes  of  preparation.  At  first, 
i  u\y  "UB  colourcil  p^itteni  could  be  communicated  to  the 
f^^rie,  but  now  seven  or  eight  cylinders  are  not  unfro- 


quently  used  in  the  same  machine,  each  applying  a  dif- 
ferent colour  to  the  fabric  as  it  passes  forward,  and  each 
so  adjusted  as  to  cause  the  colour  to  fall  precisely  in  the 
proper  place,  so  as  to  complete  the  pattern.  Machine- 
printing  is  carried  on  to  an  enormous  extent  in  Manches- 
ter.—R.  E.] 

37  Steineb,  T.,  8c  Co.,  Church,  near  Accrington,  Manchester 
— ManufiEurturers  and  Inventors. 
Cotton  fabrics,  dyed  Turkey -red  and  printed  in  various 
colours. 


38  Leddiard  &  Co.,  London ;  Haboreaves  Brothers, 
&  Co.,  Manchester — Manufebcturers. 

1.  A  butterfly  chintz  muslin,  displaying  a  combination 
of  permanent  colours. 

2.  A  rose  trail  chintz  muslin,  in  permanent  colours, 
in  three  varieties  of  ground. 

3.  A  moss-rose  chintz,  upon  oi^gardie  muslin. 

4.  A  bouquet  chintz,  on  two  varieties  of  ground,  with 
combination  of  permanent  colours,  by  Mercer^s  patent 
process. 

5.  A  design  of  one-block  printing,  exemplifying,  by  a 
variety  of  coloured  grounds,  the  nature  of  Mercer's  patent 
procem,  vrfth  the  ordinary  colours. 

6.  The  same  design  printed  by  the  ordinary  processes 
and  colours. 

7.  A  design  upon  lobelia  crimson  ground,  showing  a 
new  appUoation  of  safflower  for  dyeing  or  for  printmg 
puiposes,  where  white  is  not  required,  uniting  permanence 
with  brilliancy  of  colour. 

8.  Lobelia  crimson  plain  muslin. 

9.  Lobelia  crimson  plain  cotton  satin. 

10.  Lobelia  crimson  and  other  dyed  cotton  velvets. 

11.  Silver  dove,  a  new  mineral  colour,  not  liable  to  be 
injured  by  the  influence  of  air  or  light. 

12.  13,  and  14.  Designs  upon  various  shades  of  per- 
manent plain  colour  muslins. 

15.  A  demi-chintz  upon  muslin,  in  three  varieties. 

16.  A  second  design  of  the  same  class. 

17.  A  design  upon  white  figured  muslin,  in  three  va- 
rieties. 

1 8.  A  second  design  of  the  same  class. 

19.  A  chrysanthemum  chintz  upon  cotton  satin  in  two 
varieties. 

20.  A  bouquet  chintz,  in  permanent  colours,  in  two 
varieties;  upon  cotton  satin. 

21.  A  moss-rose  chintz,  of  similar  class  and  materials. 

22.  A  rose-bud  chintz,  of  the  same  class  and  material. 

23.  WTiite  sprigs  upon  black  cotton  washable  satin. 

24.  An  Indian  chintz,  printed  in  penmment  colour, 
upon  Horrocks's  long-cloth. 

25.  A  full  chintz,  also  printe<l  on  the  same. 

20,  27.  Designs,  showing  Mercer's  patent  process  for 
colours  applied  to  machine  printing. 

28,  29,  and  30.  Designs,  pn>duced  by  the  usual  method 
of  luacliine  printing  and  the  usual  processes,  in  three 
varieties. 

.'U,  .32,  and  33.  Designs,  to  show  Mercer's  patent  pro- 
cess applieil  to  another  style  of  machine  printing. 

34,  35,  and  3t3.  Designs,  to  show  the  ordinary  colours 
used  in  machine  printing,  in  four  varieties. 

37,  38,  and  39.  Designs  in  the  floral  style  of  machino 
printing,  in  two  varietia-*. 

4U,  41,  42,  and  43.  Designs  in  the  foliage  style  of  ma- 
chine printing. 

44,  45,  and  4»3.  Floral  designs  in  the  same  style. 

47.  A  bouquet  chintz,  u|>on  silk  material. 

48.  The  same  design  uiK)n  silk,  cotton,  and  wool,  united, 
by  Lightfoot's  patent  Duplin  j)roces8. 

49.  A  buttertly  chintz,  upon  the  miino  material,  and  by 
the  same  proce.«*s. 

5u.  A  ilesign,  upon  silk,  in  two  varieties. 

51.  A  bunch  of  lilac,  a  design  printe<l  upon  pure  wool. 

52.  The  same  d»»sign  upon  a  cotton  and  wool  mixed 
fabric,  by  Lightfoot's  process. 

53.  The  same,  upon  cotton,  silk,  an«l  wool  united,  also 
with  same  process. 


65G 


Class  18.— WOVEN,  FELTED,  AND  LAID  FABRICS, 

Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  2  to  5. 


[UmrcD 


54.  A  larger  lilac  bloasom  design,  printed  upon  pure 
silk. 

55.  The  same  design  upon  cotton,  silk,  and  wool,  mixed 
fabric,  by  Lightfoot's  process. 

56.  A  robe  skirt  of  a  graduated  design,  assisted  by 
graduated  rainbow  printing  upon  pure  silk. 

57.  58,  and  59.  The  same  design  printed  upon  mixed 
fabrics,  of  cotton  and  wool,  by  Lightfoot's  process. 

60.  An  Indian  chintz,  design  upon  pure  wool. 

61.  The  same  design  upon  mLied  fabric  of  cotton  and 
wool. 

62.  A  full  chintz,  effected  by  only  two  block  printings, 
upon  a  mixed  fabric  of  cotton  and  wool. 

[Formerly  the  application  of  coloured  designs  to  fabrics 
of  various  kinds  was  entirely  effected  by  what  is  called 
block-printing,  and  which,  in  fact,  closely  resembles  type 
printing.  A  block  of  wood  or  metal,  or  a  combination 
of  both,  being  engraved  with  the  pattern,  received  the 
colour  by  the  ordinary  means,  and  this  was  then  trans- 
ferred by  hand  to  the  fabric.  For  every  different  colour 
a  different  block  was  required,  and  in  complicated  pat- 
terns, with  many  colours,  the  process  was  excessively 
tedious.  It  is,  however,  still  largely  employed  where 
g^reat  care  in  the  application  of  the  colour  and  sharpness 
of  definition  in  the  pattern  is  required,  but  block- 
printing  can  only  be  remunerative  in  the  better  descrip- 
tions of  goods,  as  the  infinitely  more  rapid  and  econo- 
mical process  of  cylinder  printing  has  almost  superseded 
it  for  the  production  of  those  of  commoner  kinds. — 
R.  E.]  

39  Sale,  John  Nicholas,  Manchester — Producer. 
Collection  of  shirtings,  printed  by  machine.     Collec- 
tion of  cottons,  printed  by  machine  and  block. 

Specimens  of  Irish  linen,  bleached,  printed,  and 
finished  by  the  exhibitor. 

40  Bradwell  &  Adamb,  Ardwick,  Manchester — 

Producers  and  Designers. 
Printed  velveteens,  in  different  colours;  design,  a  me- 
mento of  the  late  Sir  Robert  Peel,  Bart. 


41  Salis,  Schwabe,  &  Co.,  Manchester — Producers. 

Printed  cotton  cambrics,  or  calicoes.  Printed  cotton 
muslins.  

42  Benecke,  Willlam,  &  Co.,  Manchester — Producers. 
Printed  calicoes,  muslins,  furnitures,  and  velvets;  and 

^varps,  after  printing,  manufactured  by  Thomas  Knight 
&  Co.,  Manchester. 

43  Andrews,  W.,  &  Co.,  Manchester — Producers. 
Specimens  of  dyed  cotton  velvet. 

44  Eesselxeter  &  Mellodew,  23  Cooper  Street, 
Manchester — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

Patent  velvets  and  velveteens,  partly  manufactured  of 
cotton,  and  partly  of  cotton  warp  and  linen  weft,  dyed 
and  padded,  various  colours,  and  finished  in  imitation  of 
silk  velvet.  Cotton  velvet  and  velveteen  of  the  old  moke. 


44a     Andrews,  Williams,  &  Co.,  Tipping  Street, 
Ardivick,  near  Manchester — Producer. 
Specimens  of   Eesselmeyer    and    Mellodew's    patent 
cotton  velvet,  as  dyed  by  the  exhibitors. 

45     WooDCHOFT,  John,  &  Co.,  &i//ord— Printers. 

Velvet  and  velveteen.  Cable  cord.  Fancy  elastic 
hair  cord.  Beaverteens.  Satintop.  Diagonal  tweed. 
Constitution  cord.  Fancy  cut  thickset  cords,  and  tiU>by 
cord. — All  grey  as  from  the  loom,  and  specimens  of  each 
printed  in  various  patterns  and  colours. 

4G  Qreenwood  k  Barnes,  frteell  Springs,  Bacnp — Dyers. 

Fancy  cotton  muslins,  dyed  Turkey  red;  varying  only 
in  pattern. 


47  SinPSON  &  TouNO,  FoxhUl  Bcmk,  Aeeringtm,  and  23 

Mosley  Street,  Manchester — ^Producers. 

Bnlzarines,  bareges,  and  mouaseline-de-laines,  mixed 
fabrics,  and  muslins  of  cotton  texture,  in  various  com- 
binations  of  colourings;  printed  b^  machine. 

Cambrics  in  various  combinations  of  colourings,  in 
madder  and  steam-work,  printed  by  machine. 

Cotton  velvets,  printed  oy  mabhma. 

48  Mercer,  John,  Acorington — Inyentor. 
Specimens  of  cotton  cloth,    printed,    dyed,   and   in 

different  stages  of  manufacture:  prepared  by  a  patent 
process.  This  patent  consists  in  subjecting  cotton,  and 
other  fibrous  materials  to  the  action  of  caustic  soda  of 
suitable  strength  and  temperature,  whereby  the  fibraa 
become  contracted  and  fulled,  converting  thin  and  coana 
cloth  into  strong  and  fine  ;  at  the  same  time  givii^ 
greatly  increased  and  improved  powers  of  receiving  colors 
in  printing  and  dyeing,  and  also  in  making  them  mora 
permanent.  

49  MoNTEiTH,  Henrt,  &Co.,  11  Oeorge  Square,  Olasgow — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  Turkey  red  yams  and  cloths. 

IVinted  handkerchief,  garments,  furnitures,  scaria,  and 
shawls,  in  Tiu>key  red. 

Printed  cotton  handkerchiefs  and  shawls,  in  maddsr, 
indigo,  and  steam  colours. 

49a        Cairns,  J.,  9  CharhtU  Street,  MemchegUr^ 

Manufacturer. 
Fancy  cotton  muslins  dyed  Turkey  red. 

50  M'Nair  &  Brand,  Glasgow,  and  23  Friday  SL,  Lomdm 

—Manufacturers. 
Printed  shawls.    Long  and  square  woollen  hhnoB,    In- 
dian styles.     Registered  designs. 

51  Black,  Jabies,  &  Co.,  Olasgow — Manufkotomm. 
Printed     cambrics,     muslins,     mousaelinea-de-laineiy 

Bareges,  and  other  fancy  cotton,  woollen,  and  silk  fiibrica. 
The  cloth  is  manufactured  chiefly  by  power-loom,  and  by 
hand-loom  weavers  in  the  west  of  Scotland  and  north  ot 
Ireland. 

52  GoURLiE,  \Vm.,  &  Son,  8  South  Frederick  81,,  Glasgm 

— Denigners  and  Printers. 
Printed  muslins,  on  plain  and  fancy  fsbrios,  mannlac- 
tured  for  the  home  and  foreign  markets.    The  dahlia^  a 
patented  colour.     Designs  registered  by  the  exhilntors. 


53  Monteith,  John,  &  Co.,  51  Buchanan  Street,  Glasgow 

— Manufacturers. 
Printed  muslins  and  jaconets. 

Printed  mixed  fabrics, — silk  and  wool,  and  cotton  and 
wool. 

54  Kerr  &  McMillan,  44  Friday  Street,  and  at 

G  lasgote.  — Manufactiu«rs. 
Two  printed  silk  pocket-handkerchiefii,  exhibited  for 
fabric  and  design. 

55  CussoNS  &  Co.,  51  Bunhill  /?otr— Manufacturers. 
Cotton  velvets,  dyed  and  embossed  by  the  exhibitMB, 

56  SnuLiNO,  William,  &  Sons,  Olasgow-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  Turkey -red  dyeing  and  printings  on  ootton 
fabrics.  

56a     Bbo>dI£,  W.,  Asylum  for  the  Blind,  Glasgow — 

Producer. 

Specimens  of  work  wrought  by  the  female  inmatasy 
under  the  direction  of  Miss  Lamond  : — 

Silk  purses,  long  and  round.  Sofa  and  toilet  cushiona. 
Polka  jacket.  Set  of  nine  fruit  mats;  set  of  twelve  dor- 
leys.  Bread-basket  cover.  Smoking  cape;  pair  of  stock* 
ings.     Babies'  boots  and  carriage  boots. 


KnCGDOM.] 


DYED  AND  PRINTED. 
Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  2  to  5. 


557 


A  part  of  tbe  Hoi  j  Scripturee  (the  Prophecy  of  Isaiah) 
in  nused  lettan,  for  the  use  of  the  hlind. 

Fire-bualid  mAb,  of  first  and  second  quality. --'Manu- 
bfCtured  br  the  blind  male  inmates  of  the  same  insti- 
tation,  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  Semplo. 


Oi 


Ewnfo,  Obb,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Three  pieoes  of  Turkey-red  full  chinti  furniture  prints, 
printed  hj  blocks,  exhibited  for  fiist  and  brilliant  colour, 
and  new  st^le,  with  beauty  of  design  and  execution. 

Three  pieces  of  Turkey-red  chmtz  prints,  printed  by 
cylinder  marhine. 

Two  pieces  of  Turkey-red  chintz  furnitures,  combining 
fsstnssi  snd  brilliancy  of  colour  with  novelty  of  style 
■Dd  beauty  of  design  and  execution. 

One  piece  of  Tuikey-red  handkerchief,  printed  by 
dischstyag-presi  and  copperplate. 

One  piece  of  Turkey-red  handkerchief,  printed  by 
blocks. 

[Tinkey  red,  which  is  represented  so  lai^ly  in  this  ex- 
hibition in  the  hangings,  banners,  &c.,  is  a  dye  derived, 
by  a  tedious  process,  from  madder.  It  appears  to  have 
originated  in  India,  but  the  art  is  now  carried  to  great 
perfection  by  many  continental  dyers,  and  by  the  dyers 
and  ealico-printsfs  of  this  country.  Peculiar  circum- 
stances, whether  in  the  manipulation  or  in  the  material 
doea  not  appear  ascertained,  have  rendered  different 
fcMalitkis  and  manufMrturers  celebrated  for  the  brilliancy 
of  this  dye.— R.  £.] 

bS  Walihaw,  Johh,  &  Sons,  North  Bridge,  JIalifax— 

Dyers  and  Producers. 
Specimens  of  variously  dyed  two-fold  thirties,  worsted 


59  Hitch,  M.,  47  High  Street,  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight— 

Producer. 

Hair,  to  show  the  effect  of  dye. 

WooU.  fthowing  different  dyes  applied  without  fire- 
Leat  fur  dying  woold  and  woollen  yam«  (for  weaving 
cVtth*,  caq>eti*,  nipj),  and  clothe  when  woven. 

H'^m,  stained  without  the  application  of  soda  or  pot- 
a<*b.  t«>  imitate  tortoij«ii»hell,  the  stains  not  readily  affected 
by  damp  or  sea-air. 

Tl*«  marone  coloiin*,  r>,  r>,  7,  and  8,  were  produced  in 
i4  hoiiry,  and  by  the  application  of  fire-heat  may  he  pro- 
♦J'jt"»-*1  in  15  minutes  from  the  time  of  its  leaving  the 
n  'jun-'r'**. 


♦>  ►     Le  LiEvaE.  H.,  8  (Vreluul  Street,  Mile  Eiul  Iload— 

Producer. 
S|iecimenj4  of  bla<k-clyed  Hilk. 

♦*1         JrtCaDAi.v,  W.  I).,  r,o  MiWm  Street,  Crij>plegatc — 

IVoducer. 
(.'■tl'jiire'l  and  Mack  «[)ecimeni»  of  silk  dyeing. 


»V2  ^'habot.  Philip  J.,  Sj >it'tl fields— Vroducer. 

>j»»-cinit.'ns  of  Kn^li^h  fleecy  and  worsted  yams,  and 
iVrliii  w*wil.  cotton  an<l  linen  yam.-*  and  Hkein-Hilkn, 
I^'ad'-in  dyerl,  in  \-arious  colours  and  Hliade«;  scarlet  and 
•  r-.:;i*on  in^rsun. 

Tlie  c*/tt«»n  and  linen  coloun*  are  from  a  new  U5«e  of 
a  kxi*  wn  c«»lourin!;  matter.  The  colourn  from  chicory 
hs*-  »t  prwfcnt  "nlv  a  novelty. 

Th#*  »}-tve  are  all  from  the  dye-works  of  the  producer, 
Sp.udnelils,  L<»ud<tn. 


»'..i      RinrN'OLDs.  Sarah.  &  Son,  Tcm/de  Street,  JLichnrn 

/.'  "I'/  —Producers. 
Sj«pciineiii*  of  ^kein-rtilk  dyeing. 

♦  .  \x  MAim,  Sox.  h.  Co.,  Fridti/  Street,  Clt'^apsidi  — 

Manufacturers  and  IViutern. 
lYinted  flaimcLi. 


64  McCalmtm,  Government  School  of  Design,  Manchester, 

Panoramic  history  of  the  calico  printing  of  Manches- 
ter, comprising  specimens  of  the  trade  since  its  rise  and 
during  its  progress  to  the  present  time,  arranged  in  chro- 
nological order,  and  illustrated  by  views  in  and  about 
Manchester. 

Designs  with  Classes  5  and  6  on  the  North  Wall, 
Avenues  28,  29,  and  30. 


64a    Bbadburt,  Oreatorex,  &  Beall,  Aldermanburg — 

Producers. 
Specimens  of   wood    cut  printing  for    pocket-hand- 
kerchiefs. 

65  Carter,  — ,  Designer. 
Designs  for  paper-hangings. 

66  Hudson,  Charles,  Merton,  Surrey — ^Designer. 
Designs  for  printed  shawls. 


67  Waterson,  J.  A.,  22  Ormond  Street,  Chorlton-on- 

Medlock — Designer. 
Designs  for  printed  muslins. 

68  Kay,  Henrt,  Ravrtenstall,  Manchester — Designer. 
Designs  for  mousseline-de-laine  and  cotton  muslin. 


69  Fletcher,  John,  Altrincham — Designer. 
Design,  11  colours,  repeat  of  sketch,    11   inches  by 

8  inches. 

A  smaller  design,  9  colours,  repeat  of  sketch,  8  inches 
by  6  inches,  intended  for  block  work. 

70  Gauthorp,  — ,  Designer. 
Design  for  ornamental  panel. 


70a  Green,  Harrt,  Melbury  Park,  Dorchester — Designer. 
Designs  for  printing  on  calico  and  mousselinc-de-laine. 

71  Hammerslet,  J.  A.,  Principal  of  the  School  of  Design, 

ifunchester — Designer. 
Picture  in  oil  colours,  shoAvinp  the  principles  upon 
which  floral  fonn.s  are  adapted  to  designs  for  textile  fabrics; 
exhibiting  a  centi-al  picture  of  a  comfK)sition  of  flowei'S, 
imitated  from  nature,  surrounded  by  2<>0  geometrical 
spaces,  each  containing  a  sepai'ate  design,  and  showing  the 
mode  of  applying  these  flowers  to  manuftictures. 

[For  textile  fabrics,  natund  flowei*s  have  been  repre- 
sented under  conventional  forms;  so  that,  without  de- 
parting from  the  original  type,  the  chai-acter  of  de^sign 
ma}'  not  be  j)ictorial.  The  patterns  of  Ejisttmi  Chintzes 
are  but  f^mta-^tic  imit.itions  of  flowers;  and  the  pure  taste 
of  ancient  Greece  discju'ded  from  female  dress  all  orna- 
ment but  that  of  a  flat  chsmicter:  whei*e  bordei-s  of  the 
vine  or  i\'y-leaf,  or  of  the  honeysuckle,  have  been  julojited, 
they  are  flat.  The  oriental  Cachmere  style,  the  stuffs 
and  cju'pet.s  of  Persia  and  Turkey,  the  TaH^in  of  the 
Scot,  the  Arabesques  of  ancient  Rome  an<l  Moorish  de- 
conition,  while  admitting  of  everj'  variety  or  beauty  in 
design  or  colour,  are  examples  of  a  flat,  as  opposed  to  a 
relieve<l,  pictorial  style  of  (»niament — R.  Hi:.] 

72  Watkrhouse.  Jonathan,  M^nirhcaier — Pattern 

l)i.'si^U'r, 

Ornamental  design  for  a  dress  skirt,  aj»plicable  for 
printing  upon  fabrics. 

('<»loure<l  de-<igns,  arnniged  for  sev*  n-inrh  rejM-at  of 
sketch,  a<laptod  for  machine  printing  on  fabrics:  Spring, 
represented  by  the  snow-droj*;  Summer.  labunuim; 
Autumn,  n;isturtitim;  Winter,  misletoe  ;  M<»niiiig  and 
Evening,  poppy. 

715  Pkrcival.  Jomki'II,  .lA/«'A«>7r/  — Designer. 

Designs  for  mousseline-de-laine. 


74 


Designii  f«>r  muslins. 


Cadman,  — ,  Designer. 


558 


Clabs  18.— woven,  felted,  AND  LAID  FABRICS,  DYED  AND  PRINTED. 

Areas  L.  M.  N.  0.  2  to  5. 


76  Whittaker,  Jabies,  Manchester — ^Designer. 
Design  for  mufllin. 

77  Lenkon,  Richard,  Mancficster — Designor. 
Various  designs  for  muslin. 

79  Bridgbb,  — ,  Designer. 

Designs  for  printed  fabrics. 

81     Roberts,  T.,  JV>»/?  Street,  Altrincham — ^Designer. 

Six  fiye-coloiir  designs  for  mousseline-de-lame;   with 
block-work  enclosed  in  the  same  frame. 


82  Jarvies,  — ,  Ifalrne,  Manchester — Designer. 
Designs  for  printing. 

83  HoBBS,  William,  33  Great  Jackson  Street,  Jlulme— 

Designer. 
Design  applicable  for  printed  chintz  furniture. 

84  Bramlet,  — ,  Designer, 
Various  designs. 

85  Rebb,  Mary,  School  of  Design,  Somerset  House — 

Designer. 
Designs  in  various  colours. 

86  Collins,  F.,  School  of  Desujn,  Somerset  House — 

Designer. 
Various  coloured  designs. 

87  AflHWORTH,  S.  A.,  Central  Female  Qoveminent  School 

of  Vesiijn — Designer. 
Various  designs  in  colours. 


88  Mansbendel^  Fred.,  63  Bread  St,,  City,  ^^  Acton  St., 

Qraifs  Inn  Road — Designer. 

Chintz  furniture  design,  practically  amnged  for  block 
printing. 

89  Smith,  John,  Sandiway,  Altrincham,  near  Memchetter 

—Designer. 

Designs  for  a  portiere,  or  doornMreen;  and  for  machine 
and  block  printing  on  silk,  mousaeline-de-laina,  and 
cambric.  

90  Hitkt,  J.  C— Designer. 
Various  designs. 


91  Heaviside,  John,  30  Bedford  Square — ^Designer. 

Designs  fur  China  and  papier  machd. 

Designs  for  decorative  paper  and  paper-hangings. 

Designs  for  cotton-prints,  &o. 

92  OtiJOTER, 'hUkXUL,  School  of  Design,  MancKesUr — 

Designer. 
Designs  for  borders,   in    which  natural   objects   are 
applied  ornamentally;  they  may  be  used  for  wall  pi^wn, 
carpets,  or  porcelain. 

93  Sandwat,  — ,  Altrinoham—DeaagDar, 
Various  designs. 


94    Oann,  Louisa,  School  of  Design,  Somerset  Hou9$ — 

Designer. 
Three  coloured  designs   for   mousseline-de-laine    or 
calico. 


TAPSSTfiT,  CARFETSi  FLOOR-GLOTHS,  LACE  AKD  EHBROIDERT    && 


INTRODUCTION. 


SoKB  of  OeoUeotoiiieliiaad  in  tUaClMapnHnt,  from  their  mnarkable  diBpodtion  in  the  Bofldii^  a  Uf^j 
■Itntilfa  and  mtoratnig  mmoKanoe,  nii{)raided  &otn  the  ^rden  orer  the  GBlleries,  uid  thni  displayed  to  Um 
tat  adnatag^  and  under  drcamatanoea  the  most  highly  nlonlated  to  devdc^  Qidr  peculiar  besntiM ; — the 
ywiiyw  of  catpets,  (dl-<J<Ahi,  and  t^watiy  mnat  be  conaideied  aa  oocnpying  a  very  promineat  Bpace  in  dia 

I'L-  i<  ::  i^l'ij  '~-\\~{  liws  )invt  :i  |:1iwe  under  the  general  Class,  incluuve  of  these  and  oHiei  articles; — A. 
T>i*-xin,  11  I  ir^Kis  III  ,ill  kinilH.  A\uiinaler,  Bnuaela,  EiddBnninstflr,  fto.,  HattinK.  OU-oloth,  Coanterpanes, 
aaa  >>nunwuiDl  Taix.-Hlrv  ui  iliii<iMii  Tutenals;  B.  Laos,  as  tillow-lace,  made  wholly  hy  hand,  and  HacUnB- 
wTMi^tlBoe;  C.  HewvA  nu'l  Li^ul' mad  Maalms;  D.  ^jahKiieTj hj bxod  and  inschinety,  and  in  diflerant 
■Htenals;  R.  Friugis,  Til-si's,  lV<    ;  1'.  Fancy  and  Industrial  Wwks, 

In  Uip  Hiiilcliii^,  objitiK  ill  I  III-  I  lii-iaro  placed  i^ainat  the  wall  in  the  Bonth  Qellery,  and  ananged  in  oaMS 
in  ili-^  '^iiti,  (lilt  :.!  r.:i>lLi\      I  II  |K  1:4  and  oil-dotha  are  mapended  from  the  gitden  in  the  Side  and  Cential 

'Iiill'-'        I  I-  <      ! I    :;ii:  East  Side  of  the  Transept.    The  carpets  exhibited  by  Her  Hajea^  the 

Qh^  are  Diaoed  oreihanging  the  comerneartbe'n*nsept  of  the  North  Central  Gallery;  of  these,  one  is  made 
ki  Aa  iHoal  BMUier,  and  is  intended  for  an  uiartanent  in  Windsor  Castle ;  the  other  ia  UtecomWedprodnctHn 
tt<m»  hondred  and  fifty  ladiea,  and  ia  wroo^t  in  Berlin  wool-work. 

"Bm  wtaahtHaa  of  tapestry,  sikIi  aa  caipets  and  oil-doth,  and  lace,  is  localiied  in  peculiar  disttiots,  ins 
miriaUs  maaner ;  EidaatBinster,  Wilton,  Glasgow,  and  H^az  contMn  extensiTe  bctoiies  solely  eugi^ied 
fa  A>  pmluulion  ol  the  varions  deacriptiong  of  carpets  in  ordinary  domestic  use.  The  application  of  tiie  power- 
loom  to  the  carpet  manufacture  is  recent,  and  its  use  is  extending.    A  )nt!at  variety  of  combination  of  materials 


i>  exhibited,  many  of  which  indicate  a  remarkable  departure  from  the  ordinary  method  of  manufacturing 


ring  carpeta 
a  ground  or 


and  similar  objects.     One  of  these  is  a  species  of  mosaic  tapestry  where  the  c 
foundation  of  caoutchouc. 

"nie  lace  productions  of  Honiton  and  Buckinghamshire  have  long  attained  universal  renown.  These  laces  are 
chiefly  wmufcht  by  hand  at  tbo  homes  of  the  persons  concerned  in  tlieir  manufacture ;  but  recently  a  combina- 
tion  of*machiue-tnade  lace  and  pillow-made  ornament  has  been  introduced  under  the  title  of  "appliqude  lace." 
Tbe  machine  lace  of  Nottingham  has  scarcely  an  inferior  d^rce  of  celebrity :  in  that  town  factories  are  in 
almost  ooostant  work  producing,  by  the  aid  of  a  large  number  of  the  most  delicate  and  costly  automatic  engines, 
this  slender  fabric.  In  a  preceding  Class  these  machines  are  described,  and  ore  eihibiled  in  motion  in  another 
part  of  tbe  Building.  In  tbo  South  Central  Gallery  are  some  beautiful  sjiecimcns  of  the  intricate  and  elegant 
ornamentation  capable  of  being  imparled  by  these  machines.  Of  the  lace  made  by  hand  various  interesting 
apedmens  are  shown  which  represent  much  patient  eGbrt  in  the  iuBtniction  of  tbe  poor  in  this  art,  and  conslder- 


eofd.    ^ 

Wotka  which  have  occupied  the  unwearied  producers  during  tho  leisure  hours  of  a 
Itis  Claaa,  and  display  a  largo  amount  of  industrial  pciaeverance. — B.  £. 


0  years  are  cxhiUted  in 


I,  DainxL,  81  Oxford  Strxel — Honufiuturar. 
ID  of  Honiton  lace,  representing  thearms  of  Her 
liberty  tbe  Queen  mad  H.K.U.  Prince  Albert,  encircled 
with  wreaths  of  [slm  uid  olive  branchee,  around  which 
the  nee,  thiitle.  uiil  ■hamrock  are  eetwined,  and  the 
whole  enelowd  in  a  border  of  oak.  Designed  b;  T. 
SiBrp,  and  manuhctared  by  Jobs  Tucker. 

Hetnton  nipur*  mantle.    Bridal  bcbtT  and  rich  flounce 
ia  Hoaitaa  Uce ;  the  pattern  composed  of  natural  flowers. 

Honitan  ahawl.      Honilon   Euipure  flounce.     Flounce 
of  point  d'Angleterre,  worked  in  Imitation  of  Brussels 

Bstbe,  handkerchief,  eoiBiite,  infant's  cap  and  collar 
cf  HocDtoB  laoe. 

Embtet^ery  as  a  apKimeD  deaipi,   for  making  ladi«' 


2  PiSHElt  ft  RoBlKSON,  12  Wallmg  Street— 

UaaufacturciB. 

Various  BAmplcB  of  black  silk  Uce  and  piece  gooila, 
BCarfs,  lapueta,  half  Hbawls,  lacea,  footiDKa,  loop  neta, 
white  blonde  maobine-rnn  curtains,  white  tambour  fluwer- 
ringii,  black  needlework,  quiltinge,  and  not4. 

3  GbuL'coo,  Copestabe,  Moore,  ft  Co.,  5  Bow 

Ch  urchi/nrJ—  Man  uf actu  rera , 

Honiton  work  point  lace,  i^ipiirc  lierthea,  lappets,  &e. 

Embroidered  mualin  sleeves,  collrim,  chemisettes,  mui- 
lin  trimmings,  infants'  capB,  and  child's  frocks. 

Buckinghamshire  lace. 

lAce  pillow,  with  lace  in  progress,  employing  upwards 
of  600  bobbiiiB,  each  having  a  seponite  thread. 

Specimen  of  lace  net  for  mosi}uito  ourtaina,  manu&c- 


U  iLLOSraATED  ClTALOOtnt.] 


2  X 


560 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Central  Gallery. 


[United 


tured  of  cotton  thread  ;  and  for  tho  application  of 
Brussels  and  Honiton  sprigs,  nianu£Eu;tured  from  cotton 
thread. 

Needlework  imitation  Brussels  x>oint  lace,  viz. :  a  dress 
and  train,  a  scarf,  berthe,  and  lap|>et. 

Victoria  prima  point  lace. 

[Few  departments  of  ornamental  industry  have  ex- 
perienced so  many  vicissitudes,  in  consequence  of  the  in- 
troduction of  mechanical  power,  as  that  of  the  lace  manu- 
facture. The  lace  of  Honiton,  in  Devon,  has  long  rivalled 
the  most  beautiful  and  costly  protluctiona  of  the  Continent. 
At  one  period  during  the  last  war,  veils  of  Honiton  laco 
sold  for  very  large  sums,  as  much  as  100  guineas  having 
been  paid  for  fine  8x>ecimens.  Honiton  lace  is  entirely 
made  on  the  pillow  by  liand  labour.] 


4  liAMBERT  &  Bury,  Limerick,  Irelaml — Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  lace;  shaded  lace  floimcc;  shawl;  and 
worked  scarf,  in  imitation  of  Valenciennes ;  shaded  tunic 
lace  dress.  

5  Howell,  James,  &  Co.,  5,  7,  &  9  Regent  Street — 

Producers. 

Honiton  lace,  square  in  guipure. 

Honiton  guipure  lace  mantle  and  berthe. 

British  point  lace  berthe,  manufactured  at  Islington, 
being  an  imitation  of  the  Brussels  point  h  I'aiguille. 

'Wnite  glacd  silk  dress,  embroidered  with  bouquets 
of  flowers,  and  silk  apron  to  correspond,  as  specimens 
of  English  needlework. 

Brocaded  silk  in  various  colours,  forty  inches  wide, 
manufactured  in  Spitalfields. 


6  Weedon,  Francis,  Goldsmith  Street,  City — 

Manufacturer. 
British  point  lace  square,  and  specimens  of  flouncing 
of  the  same  fabric. 


8  Nerinckx,  Sisters,  10  New  Cavendish  Street — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  lace. 


10  Laugher  &  Cosens,  97  Oxford  Street — 

Proprietors. 
Guipure  lace  half  shawl,  manufactured  at  Honiton. 


11  Weedon,  Frederick  Price,  29  Ijover  Street— 

Isl^ngten — Designer  and  Maimfocturer. 

A  lace  berthe  of  the  description  of  work  designated 
British  point. 

12  Pullan,  Matilda,  126  Albany  Street,  IlegenVs  Park 

— Designer,  Inventor,  and  Manufacturer. 

Modem  point  lace,  worked  with  a  common  sewing 
needle. 

13  Tawell,  Samuel,  10  Grcsham  Street  West^ 

Manufacturer. 
Tamboured  lace  scarf,  imitation  of  Honiton,  manu- 
factured in  London. 


14 


Gould,  J.  &  P.,  89  WatUnj  Street— 
Manufacturers. 
Registered  Victoria  lace  work,  in  la<lie8'  collars,  cuffs, 
capes,  sleeves,  caps,  and  trimming  for  laclies*  wearing  ap- 
parel.    Proiluced  entirely  by  hand. 


15    Uruno,  George  Frederick,  224  Rejent  Street— 

Manufacturer. 
White  laco  scarf,  m  imitation  of  Brussels  pomt, 
comiKwed  of  British  plants  and  flowers  in  needlework'; 
the  date,  1851,  encircled  with  the  rose,  thistle,  and 
shamrock ;  the  straight  lines  of  the  bonier  embroidered 
in  gold,  and  worked  upon  a  fine  clear  patent  net. 


16  Gard,  William  Snowdon,  268  Regent  Street — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
British  point  lace  scarf. 
British  guipure  lace  berthe,  a  new  mannfjtrtnre. 

1 7  BsEOO  de  la  Branchardiere,  Eleokorb,  1 06  New 

Bond  Street — Inventor  and  Manufistctorer. 

Crochet  work,  lace  berthe;  design,  rose,  shamrock,  and 
thistle;  the  same,  with  rose,  carnation,  &c.  Robe,  me- 
dallions. Altar  cloth.  Couvrette,  flowers.  Collars, 
various. 

Flounce,  imitation  of  Spanish  point  laoe.  Initial  letters 
in  silk,  flowers.  Vase,  flowers,  butterfly  and  snake.  Cor- 
nucopias.   Baby's  cap. 

Design,  in  silk  and  gold,  for  Prayer-book  covers.  Pair 
of  hand  screens,  appUqud.  Specimens  of  point,  and  of 
point  laoe. 

The  value  of  this  branch  of  needlework  laoe  is  its  dura- 
bility, and  the  facility  with  which  it  can  be  acquired  and 
executed.     The  designs  are  registered. 

18  Clarke,  J JLsi£,  \70  Regent  Street — Manufacturer. 
Royal  Irish  snow  point  lappet. 

Head  dress  of  Irish  rose  point. 

Scarf  of  Belfiut  loop  point. 

Chalice  cover  of  Irish  point. 

An  Irish  lace  flounce,  with  point  roses. 

Hibernian  point  collar. 

A  pocket  handkerchief  of  Irish  laoe. 

19  Ball,  Dunnicliffe,  &  Co.,  Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 

Patent  elastic  velvet,  plain  and  mixed  pile;  mlk  elastic 
taffeta,  silk  elastic  fleeced  taffeta,  elastic  fabrics,  and 
Simla  shawls ;  all  from  warp-lace  machine.  Designed  by 
John  Wilkins. 

Lace  shawls.  Simla  nets,  falls,  quillings,  and  fancy 
breadths,  from  bobbin-net  machine. 


20  BiRKiN,  Richard,  Nottitujham — Manafactnrer. 
Black  silk  lace  edgings,  trimming  laces,  lappets,  flounces, 

falls,  fancy  piece-nets,  &c. 

White  silk  blondes. 

Woven  thread  laces  and  edgings. 

White  Valenciennes  edgings. 

An  exact  imitation  of  n^  Valenciennes-insertion,  black 
and  coloured. 

Mohair  laces  and  floimces. 

Guipure  h  dentelle. 

All  made  and  ornamented  by  machinery,  at  one 
operation. 

21  Adams,  Sam.,  &  Sons,  Nottingham — Manufiu^turera. 
Laces  and  edgings,  made  entirely  by  machinery. 

25    Heymann  &  Alexander,  Nottingham — ^Ptoprietora. 

Machine-wrought  cotton  lace  curtains,  with  raised  pat- 
tern; counter{)anes ;  "antimacassars." 

Cotton  extra  twist  Bnissels  net,  made  of  fine  thivad, 
various  kinds,  tised  for  Brussels  sprig. 

Zephyr  not,  used  for  ombroidery. 

Mechlin  net,  the  mesh  l>eing  the  same  as  that  made  by 
hand,  and  cotton  Brussels  quillings,  various. 

Block  silk  Jacquard  lace,  made  and  finished  entirely  in 
the  machine. 

Silk  Jacquard  shawl,  made  entirely  in  tho  machine. 

27     Waitlock  &  Billiard,  If'iry  Qate,  Noitingkam— 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  machine-wrought  cotton  Mechlin  laces, 
necille  embroiderc<l.     The  groundwork  made  from  No. 
520  yam,  spun  and  doubled. 


28 


Herbert,  Thomas,  &  Co.,  Nottingham— 
Manufacturers. 
Lace  of  various  kinds  from  the  vtiirp  machine. 
Crochet  lace  from  the  warp  and  twist  macliine. 
Blond  edgings,  from  tho  twist  machine. 


KlKODOM.] 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &o. 
South  Central  Gallery. 


561 


29  Mallft  &  Barton,  Kottingham,  and  New  Basford — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  silk  lace,  machine-wrought;  silk  lace,  part 
machine  and  part  needle- wrought;  silk  lace  fringes,  ma- 
chine-wrought; cotton  plat,  or  imitation  Valenciennes; 
cotton  laoea,  part  machine  and  part  hand-wrought;  and 
fancy  lace  trimmings,  machine-wrought. 

30  HoLLiMS,  Samuel,  Nottiwjham — lianufacturer. 
Lace  goods: — Machine-made  cotton  Brussels  nets  and 

laces,  figured  by  the  needle. 
Various  hosiery  goods. 

31  MooBE^  Samuel  Weston,  Hockley  Mill,  Nottingham — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  lace  and  net  made  from  No.  520  lace 
thread,  and  of  plain  net,  made  from  No.  630  thread. 

[The  application  of  machinery  to  the  production  of 
lace  is  rery  remarkable  and  interesting,  as  probably  few 
introductions  of  machinery  to  textile  manufactures  pro- 
duced 80  sudden  an  alteration  on  the  expiration  of  the 
patent  protecting  it,  in  the  ordinary  course  of  fabrication. 
The  bobbin-net  machine  was  invented  in  1809  ;  it  came 
into  general  use  in  1823,  and  an  immense  stimulus  was 
communicated  to  the  manufacture.  The  powers  of  pro- 
duction of  this  machine  are  to  hand  labour  nearly  as 
30,000  to  5,  and  the  lace  produced  by  it  has,  in  plain 
article*,  wholly  superseded  that  made  by  hand. — R.  £.] 


32    Reckless  &  Hioujng,  Nottingham — ^Manufacturers. 

Embroidered  white  lace  flounces,  falls,  scarfs,  shawls, 
berthes,  &c. 

Black  lace  floimces  of  all  widths,  falls,  scarfs,  shawls, 
berthes,  lappets,  coiffures,  &c.,  partly  embroidered  by 
machinery  (on  the  Jacquard  principle),  and  partly  by 
hand. 


33  ViGUBS,  WiLLAiM,  Nottingham — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  black  silk  lace  shawls,  scarfs,  mantles, 

fuUf*.  Ac,  the  produce  of  the  puwher  bobbin-net  machine; 
the  outline  introduced  by  subsecjuent  embroidery. 

34  Oreaslet  &  HopcRoFT,  Xottinijham — Manufacturers. 

Lace  a^ticlt•^^.     Jacquanl  pusher  ailk  shawl.     Figured 
nec»llework  -iluiwls,  falls,  &c. 


41     Stebgmaxn,  Henry,  &  Co.,  X<>ttltu)h<iin — Inventors 

and  Munufacturei-s. 
Fifi^ired  lace-curtiuns,  mivde  entirely  on  the  hicc  machine 
by  Jac^iuard  application. 


4.'»    FoRRjyT  &  Sons.  I'.il  Grafton  Street,  D'if'lin,  and 
.IVw';/  Cimrt  F'trfun/,  Limciuc': — ManufacturiTM. 

Lac<T»:  Royal  Irish  i^iipui-e,  Iiwh  applitpid;  Limerick; 
I'LiVi-k:  and  black  appliqn^. 

I-ice  drm<-*os.  tlouucin^s,  sqtiares,  scarfs,  mantles, 
|»>IkaM.  veils,  berthes,  han<lk«M-chiffs,  sleeves,  baby's 
r"l«i«,  robings,  lappets,  lace  collars,  &c. 


17  Vfci5Ciii,  Alexander  Mary  .Joseph,  21  Grc^illf  Street, 
U'tttun  <iitril''ti  — Munufiuturor. 

Artiticiiil  floWfi-s  in  wiHil.  Kisket  in  jxircelain,  contnin- 
inir  a  vjx^ii  variety  of  wcjoUen  tlown-rf.  Cane  baskrt. 
••'•utAiuin:;  a  piece  of  ^x-cn  turf  with  llowei-s.  Rustic 
♦  •.-•--ket  of  thiWfrs. 

I^r'je  pitve  of  the  **f^»en  tuif."  Application  of 
th--  •*  jrr«xrn  turf,"  «jr  ;» /W« /v<',  to  a  sniall  caqjet  or  r\v^. 
Mft.il  d'»wer-i»«)tH,  filleil  with  woollen  lluwors,  with 
-1.  mK-««. 

4**     Jantowski,  W.,  V-nk — Desi^qirr  and  Mann facttirer. 

St.it.- ch  lir,  of  rubv  coloure<l  f<ilk  velvet,  enihr<'i«li'i»vl 
with  ir"ld,  i«iIv».T,  and  jewels,  containing;,  on  tlieback.  tlu* 
r^'VAl  arms*,  aupporttis,  ncroll  and  motto,  with  wreath  of 
tl"W»T«,  in  which  the  r<»>H«  h*aves  are  raise<l  aiul  dit^icln  <1 


from  the  surface;  and  on  the  seat  the  coronet,  feathers, 
scroll,  and  motto  of  the  Prince  of  Wales,  surrounded  by 
the  rose,  thistle,  and  shamrock,  exhibiting  ten  different 
styles  of  embroidery:  the  frame  of  the  chair  is  of  carved 
wood,  gilt. 

Banner  screen,  containing  the  arms  of  the  city  of  York, 
embroidered  in  gold,  silver,  and  silk,  upon  pale  and 
blue  satin,  and  mounted  on  a  carved  gilt  stand. 

Picture,  18  inches  by  12,  copied  from  a  German  paint- 
ing, embroidered  in  tent  stitch  with  silk,  on  mosaic 
canvas. 

49  Davies,  Mrs.  R.  E.,  29  ITarexcood  Square,  Regcnfs 
Park — Designer  and  Executor. 
Set  of  chess-men,  draught-men,  dice,  and  board  in 
needlework,  the  men  being  in  characteristic  costume; 
comiKwed  of  silks,  &c.  The  jiawns  are  representations  of 
Her  Majesty's  Body  Guard  of  Gentlemen -at- Arms,  in  their 
full  and  undress  uniform.  Designed  and  executed  by 
the  exhibitor. 

60    Rose,  Elizabeth,  Pa^jUer's  Pwy,  near  Towcester — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Full-sized  black  lace  dress.     Shawl.       Scarf  shawl. 
Veil.     Berthe,  made  of  black  pillow  lace. 


51      Mee,  Cornelia,  Jhith — Inventor,  Designer,  and 

Manufacturer. 

Banner  screen.  The  banner  composed  of  the  flags  of 
all  nations,  embroidered  in  fine  silks,  held  by  a  figure  of 
Peace,  modelled  from  Canova's  statue.  The  figure  leans 
on  a  pedestal,  and  with  the  right  hand  points  to  the 
epoch  of  the  Exhibition  with  an  olive  branch. 

Couch,  moimted  in  white  and  gold,  embroidered  in 
rare  natural  flowers. 

Occasional  chairs,  embroidered  on  velvet,  and  mounted 
with  white  and  gold. 

Curtains,  embroidered  on  white  Cachemire  and  stripes 
of  crimson  Genoa  velvet,  in  uncommon  and  beautiful 
flowers  from  nature. 

Cushions,  embroidered  in  shells,  from  nature. 

These  specimens  arc  exhibited  to  show  the  appliciition 
of  needlework  to  the  decoration  of  furniture.  Tlio 
needlework  of  most  of  the  articles  is  done  from  flowei-s, 
minutely  copied  from  Paxton's  Magazine  of  Botany. 

53  O'DoxNELL,  Mary,  09  London  Street,  FemJitoj,  and 
18  S't:>sex  Plitee,  Kcnsimjlvn — Designer  and  Manu- 
fiwturer. 

Specimens  of  a  new  and  improved  method  of  appliqud 
lace-work,  original  design.     Section  of  the  same. 

lilotting-hook,  ornamented  with  leather  W(»rk  on  an 
ultram;u"ine  ground,  intertwining  the  emblems  of  Great 
Brit^iin,  surmounted  by  the  Prince  of  Wales's  plume  and 
motto. 

Articlesof  ormuiient  in  guttapercha,  leather,  and  fancy 

WO()«l. 

Hand-screens  in  gilt  frames.  New  application  of 
stam|KMl  gutta  i>ercha.     I^eservcd  real  Howers  and  em- 

broiderv. 

(,'heval  screen,  a  pe;icock  emhroiilered  in  wool. 
Codar  V>ox,  ornamenti'd  with  carving. 
Ultramarine  box,  ornamented  with  lenthfr  work. 
Conversation  hand-screens.     Educational  hand-screens. 
CountiiTiane,  of  new  pattern. 


r).-)         TrEADWIN,  C.  K..   J;  C't/>e.fr.,l  y.inl,  Kntrr  — 

Manufjicturt'r. 
Devonshire,  or  Iloniton.  j>< tint -lact;  flounce,  bortlie,  nnd 
la])pet;  de>»igns  jinx-ured  from  the  (Jovernnu'nt  School  of 
Design,  SoniL-rsct  Hous*',  London. 

5»*»     Onion,  Ei.izauktii,  .".>^  />.■■> '.I  ytr,-  f,  JUriniinjh.nn  — 

Manufacturer. 
Vrlvrt  dra|M'ry  vidanrc,  worked  with  gold   nilk  braid, 
on  <lark  crinnon  velvet  ^'round,  (Mii;iinent«'<l  with  tii>-*rl."<, 
dn)ps,  an<l  frim^«*,--N»\v  design. 

(.'rims<)n    \alance  frin'.<t%    in  silk   an<l    worsted,    onia- 
menteil   with   h.vii;/»T-<.      N   w  diMpcrv  ro|>c\   rofM>ttes  :iinl 

J   X    J 


562 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Central  Gallery. 


[Ukitkd 


festoooB,  in  crimfion,  gold,  and  white  silk.  New  diamond 
Valance  fringe,  in  silk,  ornamented  with  gimp  head, 
hangers,  rosettes,  gimp  ornaments,  &c.  Restored  bell 
lever  ornaments. 

Curtain  holder,  with  one  tassel  and  two  pendants,  in 
crimson,  white,  and  gold. 

Ornaments  for  valances,  in  a  variety  of  colours  and 
designs.     New  patterns  of  coach  and  railway  carriage  lace. 

Patterns  of  glass  string,  giiard  string,  and  other  car- 
riage trimmings. 

67       Brown,  Sharpe,  &  Co.,  Paisley,  and  18  Watlitig 
Street,  L<mdon — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered  and  tamboured  book  muslin  dresses. 

Embroidered  scollop  and  insertion  trimmings,  flounces, 
collars,  habit-shirts,  chemisettes,  sleeves,  pincushion 
covers,  handkerchiefs,  and  night-caps. 


58  Brown,  S.  R  &  T.,  Olnsgow — ^Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  muslins    embroidered    by  the    female 

peasantry  of  Scotland  and  the  North  and  West  of  Ireland, 
consisting  of  ladies'  and  children's  dresses,  collars,  cax>s, 
chemisettes,  habit  shirts,  trimmings,  &c. 

59  Park  &  Thomson,  Olasfjow — Manufacturers. 

Children's  sewed  robes;  ladies'  collars,  sleeves,  hand- 
kerchiefs, fancy  habits,  chemisettes. 

Cambric  and  book  flouncings;  sewed  trimmings. 

60  Macarthur,  D.,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — Manufacturers. 

Hamilton  lace  goods.  White  dress;  black  drensos; 
coloured  dress;  black  cloak  or  mantilla ;  white  cujks; 
black  cax)e;  veils;  {Murs  of  sleeves. 

61  CoNNADGHT  ScnooM,  GImqow — Produccrs. 
Specimens  of  sewed  muslin. 

62  RoHERTSON,  John,  &  Sons,  Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Sewed  book-muslin  and    cambric  squares  for  fancy 
covers  for  the  drawing-room  table. 
Specimens  of  embroidery. 
Samples  of  collars,  habit-shirts,  chemisettes,  &c. 

63  MTarlanb  &  PoRTEUS,  33  Queen  Street,  Glasgow 

— Manufacturers . 

Specimens  of  embroidered  black  and  white  muslin 
collars,  chemisettes,  habit-shirts,  and  sleeves  for  mourning. 

Black  silk  lace  veils,  black  and  white  lace  clonks,  and 
black  lace  flounced  embroidered  robe  skirt,  exhibited  for 
superiority  of  work. 

64  Brown,  H.,  100  &  104  Virguwi  Place,  Glasgow^ 

Manufacturer. 
Sewed  book  muslin  collars ;  imitation  cambric  or  jaconet 
collars;  frilled  chemisettes,  on  book  muslin;  fancy  habits; 
three  pair  of  sleeves  or  cuffs;  four  cambric  handkerchiefs, 
embroidered  on  French  lawn ;  embroidered  book  muslin 
dresses ;  patterns  of  book  and  cambric  scollop,  and  inser- 
tion triumiings  and  flounces. 

65  MacQuarie,  Fisher,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — 

Manufacturers. 
Black  silk  lace  shawl,  veil,  and  apron. 
White  cotton  and  linen  lace  dress. 
White  silk  and  gold  under  sleeves. 
Coloured  silk  and  gold  apron  and  parasol  cover. 


(j(S 


Macdonald,  D.  &  J.,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — 
Manufacturers. 
Ehnbroidery  on  book  muslin.     Ladies'  collam,  chemi- 
settes ;    habits,    caps,    &c.      Child's    caps    and    collars. 
Embroidery  on  jaconet    and  cambric;    ladies'   collars, 
chemisettes,  sleeves,  caps,  8cc. 

Embroidered  French  cambric:  ladies'  handkerchiefs, 
child's  caps.  Embroidere<l  baby  linen :  infants'  robes, 
bodies,  and  caps;  child's  frocks,  &c.    Embroidered  trim- 


mings; jaconet  and  book  edgings  and  insertions;  cambric, 
book,  and  mull  flounces. 

67  Simpson,    Mius,     5    AUermanbwry   Postern,    4 

MUk  Street,  Manchester,  Leek,  and  Derbif — 
Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  the  leading  classes  of  nw  silks,  from 
France,  Italy,  China^  Ben^,  and  Turkey,  selected  by 
Messrs.  Durant  &  Co. 

Sewing,  netting  silk,  and  twist,  intended  to  show  the 
varieties  of  quality,  their  richness  and  beauty  of  colour. 

Sewing,  nettmg  silk  and  twist. 

Raven  and  jet  sovings,  in  weight  and  form  as  sold  in 
the  market,  of  four  qualities. 

Crochet  and  mohair  silk,  exhibited  for  quality  and 
price. 

Shoe  mercery,  consisting  of  silk  and  union  galloona, 
doubles,  braids,  and  round  silk  laces,  yellow  and  black 
borders,  8cc.    Specimens  of  union  cord. 

[In  1849  the  enormous  quantity  of  6,269,179  lbs.  of 
silk  in  its  several  conditions  of  raw,  waste,  and  thrown, 
was  imported  into  this  countiy.  The  manufiicture  em- 
ploys upwards  of  33,000  individuals,  and  is  carried  on 
in  nearly  300  silk  factories.  The  sum  annually  expended 
on  silk  goods  in  England  is  taken  at  considerably  upwards 
of  fifteen  millions  annually. — ^R.  E.] 

68  Foot  &  Sons,  38  Spital  Square — Manufiictorera. 

Various  fringes,  elastic  ribbon  trimming,  &c. 

Rich  dress  or  mantle  fringe,  with  figured  velvet,  terry, 
and  brocade  lace  heading,  a  combination  of  velvet  and 
brocading,  with  the  various  branches  of  art  used  in  trim- 
ming  manufactm^. 

69  Arthur,  Ann,  5  Mortimer  Street,  Cavendish  Sqture 

— ManufEUJturer. 
Silk,  worsted,  and  cotton  braids  for  figuring.  Silk, 
worsted,  and  cotton  fancy  netted  buttons.  Silk  fringes 
for  ladies'  mantles;  gimps  for  children's  dresses;  girdles 
and  tassels.  Silk  and  cotton  olivets.  Silk  military 
braids  and  frogs. 

70  Gabriel,  J.  W.,  135  Ilegcnt  Street — Manu&cturer. 

Specimens  of  English  embroidery,  on  silk  and  woollen 
goods  for  waistcoats. 

71  Danby,  Ch.uiles  &  Thomas,  14  Coventry  Street, 

and  43  Ncto  Bond  Street — Manufacturers. 

Crochet  silk  gimp  robing,  resembling  the  rose  leaves 
and  flowers,  with  buds,  and  made  in  the  natural  colours. 

Various  specimens  of  a  Brandenbui^gh  crochet  silk  gimp 
trimming,  ladies'  dresses;  of  girdles,  in  various  coIourB 
and  styles;  and  of  silk  fringes,  for  mantles,  dresses,  ke,, 
of  various  new  designs. 

Specimen  of  a  new  style  of  head-dress,  formed  of  crochet, 
silk  gimp  rings,  and  tassels  of  new  design,  and  of  various 
articles  for  ladies*  dresses. 


72 


Bradbee,  O.  W.,  115  Newgate  Street — 
Manufacturer. 

Needlework.  Tapestr}'  worked  by  Mrs.  James  Marsh, 
Lordship  Road,  Stoke  Newington.  Liandseer^s  Horses  at 
the  Fountain.  The  Hawking  Party.  Anne  Boleyn  and 
Cardinal  Wolsey.  The  Moral  Lesson.  The  Monk.  The 
Hawk. 

A  group  of  flowers,  mounted  as  table  or  screen,  the 
stem  ornamented  with  flowers,  &c.,  made  of  leather. 

A  bird  mounted  as  above,  the  stem  covered  with  tram 
silk  by  hand  and  wheel. 

New  fringes,  for  sacred  edifices  and  rooms. 

Patterns,  gimps,  tassels,  dress  trimmings,  &c. 

74  Evans,  R.,  &  Co.,  24  Wutling  Street^ 

Manufacturers. 
Cornice,  bullion,  and  silk  ornament  fringe.    Boll-pulls. 
Curtain-holders.    Silk  cords,  gimps,  tassels,  and  rosettes. 


KlVODOM.j 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &c. 
South  Central  Gallery. 


563 


Articlas  OMd  for  trimming  ladies'  and  children's  dresses 
and  mantles.  

75  Bdbgh,  Robert,  42  Bartholomew  Cloae— 

Manufacturer. 

SpednMn  of  deep  bullion  fringe,  wove  to  shape,  trimmed, 
and  ornamented  for  window,  with  cornice  gimp  attached. 
Valanoe  for  window. 

Specimens  of  ornamental  hangers,  drops,  pendants, 
fringes,  ropes,  ^[imps,  cords,  and  tassels  for  drapery,  &c. 
Rosette  medallions.  Ornamental  watch  hooks  for  beds, 
4e. 

76  Babbett  k  Cornet,  70  Littie  Brit'tm — ^Manufacturers. 
Bsrs  of  silTer-gilt  and  silver  wire.    Wire-drawing  plates 

with  holes.  Hwoks  and  bobbins  of  gold  and  silver  fine 
wire.  Qold  plates,  or  flattened  wire,  used  in  headmgs  of 
Laoosahire  cloths,  Scotch  muslins,  &c.  Qold  and  sUver 
plates,  used  in  spnning  gold  and  silver  threads, 
of  Italian, 


Bengiil,  and  China  raw  and  thrown 
nlka.  The  same,  dyed  to  colours  used  in  gold  and  silver 
threads. 

An  assortment  of  gold  and  silver  threads,  used  in  the 
manoCKture  of  laces,  embroidery,  and  epaulettes;  also  in 
l**i*<*"^  of  cloths  and  muslins;  of  gold  and  silver  bul- 
Uons,  used  for  military  and  naval  sword  knots,  epau- 
lettes, taasels,  &c. ;  of  gold  and  silver  purls,  plates,  and 
spam^es,  used  in  embroidery;  and  of  gold  and  silver 
^ords,  braids,  and  (pmps,  used  for  aguilettes,  epaulette 
crescents,  &c. 

Qold  and  silver  laces. 

Fine  specimen  of  embroidery  in  gold  threads,  purls, 
plates,  and  spangles.  Designed  and  worked  bv  Rebecca 
AbnJiam,  embroiderer  to  the  Queen,  5  Lisle  Street, 
Leieaster  Square. 

77  Ibhh  Work  Society,  233  Regent  Street — Producers. 

ShawU  osps,  and  other  specimens  of  Curroh  lace,  imi- 
tation of  BruiiselB.  Specimen  of  black  appliqud  lace. 
Bertha,  trinuning,  l^pets,  caps,  and  other  Rpecimens  of 
guinure  crochet.  Trimming  and  collars  of  real  guipure, 
made  from  old  models. 

Lej^hora  and  Tut^c.m  plait,  ma<le  from  Irish  grasseg, 
oLtii  a  bat  of  the  ariDic,  and  H{K.'cimenH  of  ritniw  plait. 

Si»ecinienH  of  cruchet  from  Donegal  and  other  localities, 
aj'plicstble  for  dre*»i«  or  funiiture. 

TabinetM  <»r  jM)pliurt,  from  Mi*«.  Moran,  Du))lin. 

lilnik  an  I  white  pillow  lace,  made  under  the  direction 
of  I^uly  L«»uitia  Tij^he. 

Miiltem;  lace,  mwle  at  the  Cuinelite  convent,  Water- 
f..H. 

Kme  knittinj^,  from  varioiw  localities. 

lii.kck  silk  mittens,  knitted  tuid  netted. 

(.:Li]d'i)  fn»ck,  braid  imitiition  of  guipure. 

<1iild*i«  friK-k,  cruchet  guipure. 

H'»unce  ainl  trimmiu'^,  imitition  guipure. 

S|»*:vim«'iis  of  enil»n)idery,  worked  <i"  ''/'/;«'•,  fnnn  Mid- 
dk-t<>n  c«»nvent,  and  Mrs.  O'Donovan,  of  Cloiuikilty. 

Si-^iuKTw  of  embroider}'  from  the  county  Kerry,  Mi-s. 
N.ijHT.  of  ly»ugherew,  and  other  localities. 

Sjn?i.imens  of  plain  wt>rk  from  liiillymena  and  the 
c»»«inty  Kerry. 

S|»<iimeni«' of  woven  cotton  liosierj-,  manufactured  by 
M'M.^n*.  Smyth,  of  lialbriggjm,  an<l  M  Lower  Abbey  Street, 

M-it*  of  Irijih  wo^l,  from  Carbury,  county  Kildare. 
S|*cimeiw  of  featiier  llowors,  from   the  Youghal  con- 
v»  nt. 

Hiir  chains  and  bnicelets. 

.*i[*^-im#*u-«  of  trimminirs  in  hnxlerie  Anglaiao. 

Fi'»werrt  and  feath»M-s  fr<»m  the  convent  of  Youglial,  &c. 

7*^     <'lark.  J.,  .V;  Hifh  Stnrt,  ///M/Z/r./— Producor. 
T.il'l<?-i;loth    embroidered    with     throiul     on    crimflon 


7'.*       Lr.W.  IU)BF»T.  8c  Co.,    W;  h'irv/  Strrrt,  Cc  tj>^il\ 

-  Manuf.uturers. 
lY.uttd  moluiir  tai^.'.-itry.     IMain,  embos.«*ed,  and  sha<le<l 
Um-cht    mohair   velvet.      Plain   and  brucodod   mohiiir 


velvets.     Printed  Chinese  velvets  of  mohair.    Livery  and 
other  mohair  and  worsted  plushes. 


80  Sdbb,  Joseph,  k  Son,  12  King  Street,  Cheapeide— 

Manufacturers. 
Silk  twist  of  different  colours,  in  balls  and  on  reels, 
and  in  hanks  and  skeins.     Manufeu^ured  at  Leek,  in 
Staffordshire. 

81  Hart,  George,  7  Market  Street,  May  Fair — 

Inventor  and  Manu&cturer. 
Registered     boxes,    candlesticks,    ornaments,    hand- 
screens,  and  designs  for  table  tops.     The  novelty  consists 
in  the  application  of  muslin  and  cotton  for  this  purpose. 
The  materials  of  British  manufacture. 


82  Smith,  Anderson,  &  Co.,  45  Chenpside,  and  19  Soitth 

JTanover  Street,  Glasgow — Producers. 
Infant's  cap,  embroidered  on  French  cambric;  infant's 
robe,  embroidered  on  fine  nainzook;  infant's  bassinette 
cover,  embroidered  on  fine  nainzook. 

83  Lambert,  Brown,  &  Patrick,  236  Regent  Street— 

Manufacturers. 
Army  and  navy  opaiilettes,  and  uniform  laces.  Coiu^- 
dreas  waistcoats,  richly  embroidered.  Masonic  regalia. 
Church  decorations,  embroidered  in  gold.  Cross,  with 
crown  of  thorns,  I.H.S.,  and  glory.  Fac-simile  of  the 
Bible  used  by  King  Charles  I.,  when  upon  the  scaffold  on 
the  day  of  his  martyrdom ;  the  cover  embroidered  in 
gold  with  all  its  enrichments,  copied  from  Smith's 
"  Collectanea  Antiqua." 

84  Jackson,  C,  10  Curzon  Street,  Mayfair — Producer. 

An   occasional    table,   moimted    with    appliquee   em- 
broidery. 

85  Harrison,  T.,  21  Brownlow  Street,  Bedford  Rotr, 

and  8  Bolton  Place,  Brompton^Desigaor  and 
Manufactui*er. 
Altar  cloth  and  cuflhicms,  of  rich  crimson  Genoa  velvet, 
embroidered  in  gold,  in  the  style  of  the  1 5th  century. 


80     Stikunc,  Mahy  Annk,  20  John  Street,  Bedford  Jiow 
— Derfigner  imd  Manufiicturer. 
A  fire-screen  worked  in  chenille,  &c.,  forming  an  orna- 
mental group  of  flowers. 

88      PcRCELL,  Frances,  :\  Neir  Burlington  Street — 

Producer. 
A  needle-worked  table-cover. 


DO     Sturmv,  Maria,  8  WcUinijtt.n  Street,  London  BruLje — 

Designer. 
Table-cover,  a  novel  method  of  embroiderj',  workeil 
with  the  needle,  and  without  patttini  of  any  sort. 

04  Barnard,  Evkiiki.da,  LUth-  B<ir<lpeld  Rictort/, 

if'iir  Ifinttiiotr — Manufacturer. 
Two  figures  in  IJerUn  wool  work,  intended  for  the  pur- 
pose of  keeping  door><  open. 

05  Barnf»,  U.  Y.,  Cit>/  lioii'l — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  dec<»nitive  floor  cloth. 

00     BATTER8,  Martha,  0  Ii->s4'-hill  Tcmice,  Brighton — 

I  )e8igii('r. 
Picture  in  tajx'stry,  repn-sentiug  (in  me«LUlion  style) 
Louis  XVIII.  an«l  George  III. 

07        Paynes,  Hachkl  A<;nes,  ('hmhuut,  Herts,  n4!ar 
}Vtilth'tm  Cross — Inventor. 
Knitting  deHigns:     In   the  centre  the  Qtieen,   Prince 
Albert,  the  Royal  Family,  and  the  Dtjke  of  Wrlliiijrton  ; 
around   the  circle   **  (i.>d   rt.ive  the  C^ueen;"    with   other 


dc  *igns. 


504 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Cbstbal  Galleby.  " 


[Ukited 


100    Benbow,  Mrs.,  11  Hanoter  Place,  Regents  Park 

— Producer. 
Three  Bpecimens  of  tapestry  embroideiy,   after  the 
ancient  Saxon  style;  designs  scripturaL 

102    Bessemer,  Elizabeth,  9  Judd  Street — ^Producer. 

Landscape  on  silk,  embroidered  in  a  new  style,  and 
suitable  for  a  screen. 


103    Blackburn,  Ann  Maria,  Beaumont  Hill,  Lmodn 

— ^Manufacturer. 

North-west  view  of  Lincoln  Cathedral,  worked  upon 
white  silk,  with  the  rovings  of  black  lutestring,  and 
manufacturer's  silk. 

The  frame  is  made  of  old  oak,  taken  from  the  Cathe- 
dral. 

106      Bottom,  James,  65  Brook  Street,  Derby — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
A  hearth-rug,  with  the  border  and  ends  formed  of  up- 
wards of  20,000  shreds  of  cloth,  and  the  centre  of  lamb's 
wool.  

108    Bridges,  W.,  Emham,  near  Oxford — Producer. 

Tapestry  wool-work,  '*  The  Last  Supper,"  after  Leon- 
ardo da  Vinci,  containing  five  hundred  thousand  stitches. 

110  Brinton,  Henry,  &  Sons,  Kidderminster — 

Manufacturers. 
Carpets  of  various  kinds : — Patent  velvet  tapostiy,  scroll 
and  flowers;  white  ground,  flowers  and  leaves;  cut  pile, 
or  super-Wilton,  group  of  flowers  and  foliage  in  self- 
colours;  dark  ground,  scroll  and  foliiigo;  white  ground, 
chintz,  all  registered  designs.  Patent  Axminster  velvet 
rugs.  

111  Rogers,  — ,  Wilton,  Wilts — Producer. 
S|)ecimen  of  embroidery — '*  Esther  and  Mordocai." 

112  Wilson,  Charlotte,  Guildfiall,  Broad  Sanctuary, 

Westminster — Designer. 
Netted  quilt  or  coverlid  for  summer  use. 

113  Brooks,  E.,  2  Chester  Place,  Kcnninjton — 

Manufacturer. 
Specimen  of  embroidery,  descriptive  of  English  history, 
exhibiting,  in  the  centre,  the  royal  arms;  at  the  top,  Her 
Majesty's  initials  and  crown;  on  the  right,  those  of  H.R.H. 
Prince  Albert;  and  on  the  left,  the  badge  and  initLiIs  of 
H.R.H.  the  Prince  of  Wales.  At  the  foot,  the  ancient  harp 
of  Ireland.  The  pomegranate  refers  to  Catherine  of  Arragon. 
The  trunk  of  a  tree  torn  up  by  the  roots  was  the  badge 
of  Edward  III.  and  his  son  Edward  the  Black  Prince,  and 
alludes  to  his  name,  Ekiward  of  Woodstock.  The  port- 
cullis and  fleur-de-lis  were  badges  of  the  Tudors.  The 
rose  on  the  sun  a  favorite  badge  of  the  l*lantagenet8.  The 
oiHjn  and  empty  pea  shell  the  ba^lgo  of  Richard  II.  The 
feathers  crossed  the  badge  of  Henry  VI.  The  dragon  was 
the  celebrated  ensign  of  Cadwallader,  last  king  of  the  an- 
cient Britons,  and  now  the  badge  of  Wales.  At  the  bot- 
tom the  white  horse  of  Saxony,  the  most  ancient  ensign 
of  the  House  of  Brunswick. 


114  Brown,  M'Laren,  &  Co.,  Kilmoi-nock,  Scotland — 

Mfuiufacturers. 
Velvet-pile  carpeting;    imiHjrial  three-ply  carpeting; 
Kidderminster  superfine  carpeting. 

115  Bright,  J.,  &  Co.,  22  Neic  Broicn  Street,  Manchester, 

and  20  Skinner  Street — Manufacturers. 
Patent  velvet-pile  and  Brussels  carpets  and  tapestries 
for  curtains,  portieres,  coverings  for  furniture,  &c.,  woven 
at  Rochdale,  in  Mr.  R.  W.  Sievier's  patent  power  loom, 
which  raises  the  terry  without  the  wire;  the  terry  is  cut, 
and  the  pile  raised  by  a  patent  application  whilst  the 
loom  is  working;  and  the  goods  wx)  printed  at  one  opera- 
tion in  all  the  colours  at  Crag  Works,  near  Macclesfield, 
by  patent  machinery,  invented  by  Mr.  Joseph  Burch. 


117       Bubton,  M.,  Libberton  Bank,  Edinburgh — 

Proprietor. 

A  shawl,  a  table-cover,  a  rug,  and  two  handkerdiiefs; 
knitted  on  wires  by  an  aged  person.  The  pattern  is 
original. 

Picture  frame,  in  imitation  of  old  carved  oak,  com- 
posed of  leather  and  putty.  The  design  of  the  pattern 
taken  from  old  carved  work. 


118      Burton,  Matiij>a  Sarah,  Asprmge,  near 
Faversham,  Kent — Manufiictiurer. 
"  Italian  girl,"  of  Berlin  wool;  in  fimcy  needlework. 


119     Calet,  J.  W.  &  F.  O.,  Windiwr— Designers. 

Diaphane,  transparent  silk  for  blinds,  with  design: 
Star  of  the  Order  of  the  Carter,  &c, ;  manufactured  for 
the  use  of  the  Queen  at  Windsor  Castle. 

Diaphane,  with  design:  the  Rose,  Thistle,  and  Sham- 
rook. 

122  Cardwell^  C.  &  T.,  Northampton — Manufiictqrera. 
Pillow-laoe — trimming  for  caps,  collars,  &c. 


123    KiOHTLET,  J.  T.,  Northampton — Manufactnrsr, 
Pillow-lace  for  trimmings  of  caps,  collars,  kc, 

125    Caulfield,  W.  B.,  54  Coal  Harbour,  Blachtatt^ 

Importer. 
Specimen  of  knitted  lace-work,  intended  for  a  baby's 
bassinet  cover. 

[The  poor  children  at  the  school  of  Ballyoastle  Quay, 
north  of  Ireland,  where  this  specimen  was  produced, 
have  been  for  the  last  few  years  chiefly  occupied  in  this 
species  of  hand  manufacture.] 

12G      Chambers,  Elizabeth  Rebecca,  Wilton  Square, 

Dublin — ^Designer. 
"A  contribution  carpet,"  worked  for  the  benefit  of  the 
''  Irish  Society  for  Promoting  the  Scriptural  Education  of 
the  Native  Irish." 


128  Chapman,  Elizabeth  Annie,  Great  Bowden, 

Market  Harborough — Producer. 

Tapestry  copied  from  a  painting  by  Leonardo  daYioci: 
Subject,  "The  Last  Supper." 

Exhibited  for  workmanship,  which  is  intended  to  give 
the  impression  of  a  painting,  even  when  closely  viewed. 

129  Clarke,  Eliza,  Ilackford,  by  Beepham,  Noneich — 

Producer. 
Collar,  in  point-stitch,  with  crochet  edge,  resembling 
Marguerite   guipure  lace;   collar,    crochet  and  needle- 
work, imitating  Brussels   point -lace;   collar,  wholly  of 
crochet,  similar  to  ivory  guipiue  lace. 

130  Clarke,  Esther,  18a  Margaret  Street, 
Caveiulish  Sjtiare — ^Manufacturer  and  Designer. 

Flounce  of  Honiton  lace,  five  yards  long,  in  the  manu- 
facture of  which  forty  women  were  employed  during 
eight  months. 

132  Cole,  T.,  &  Son,  18  Newgate  Street^ 

Proprietors. 
Specimens  of  Brussels,  Venetian,  and  IQdcUnniiister 
cari)eting. 

133  Collins  &  RiXj  Kidderminster— UsaiwfactvLren* 
Specimens  of  carpets. 


134  Constable,  Hannah,  Clonmel,  Ireland — Designer. 
Infant's  crochet  dress,  miade  of  white  thread. 


135      Cook,  William,  C<*t*sctcay,  Chippenham — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Cloth  table-cover,  7  feet  square,  made  witli    about 
thirty  thousand  pieces  of  broad  elotki 


KiSODOM.] 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &o. 
South  Cbntbal  Galleby. 


566 


136     CoPBLAMD,  Fannt,  15,  Great  Charhtte  Street, 

Lir^rpool — Inventor. 
Sofift  pillow,  crocheted  in  imitation  of  tapestry. 

138    J03CB,  L.  v.,  33  Kiruj  William  Street,  London 

Bridge — Producer. 
An  embroidered  map  of  the  United  Kingdom,  showing 
the  chief  towns,  railways,  mountains,  lakes.  &c.     Framed 
in  English  pollard  oak.    Size,  3  feet  by  3  feet  6  inches. 
Executed  by  a  girl  fourteen  years  of  age. 


140     CmiGX,  Ellem,  Suhnm,  Cambridgeshire — Designer 

and  Maker. 
A  Teil  worked  by  the  needle,  exhibited  to  show  that 
lace  may  be  produced  by  the  needle,    equal    to    the 
Hooiton  laoe,  and  in  the  hope  that  it  may  be  the  means 
of  giring  employment  to  many  poor  needlewomen. 


141  Cboss,  Maet,  Paui  Street,  Bruio^Designer. 
Crochet  counterpane. 

142  CioMLET,  John,  &  Sons,  Halifax — Manufacturers. 

Large  pattern  of  mosaic  tapestry  for  the  walls  of  drawing- 
rooms,  with  portiere. 

Fstent  mosaic  ti^iestry  for  the  walls  of  dining-rooms; 
for  carpet  and  table-covers;  and  for  covers  for  sofiis  and 


Patent  mosaic  rugs:  subjects, — Tlie  British  Lion,  with 
appropriate  motto;  the  Tiger;  and  landscape,  and  other 
dwigns. 

Patent  relvet  carpet,  with  border  and  comers. 
Twelve  different  designs  in  patent  velvet  carpets. 
Pattern  in  patent  ti4)e8try  carpet. 

in  Kidderminster  and  Dutch  carpets;  and  of 
of  different  qualities. 


143     CiTXliDiGHAif,  WiLLiAic,  \^A.  Elizabeth  Street, 

Walworth — Designer, 
for  a  carpet,  scale  2^  inches  to  the  foot. 


144  CcxLiFFE,  Sarah  An\,  S^iffron  Waldcn — 

Inventor. 
Infimt'i*  knitUxi  robe,  consisting  of  1, 404,859  stitcboa, 
and  ♦ijS'W  yard*  of  cotton. 

1 45  Daniel  &  Cowins,  55  /fa-h^^rt  Street,  New  Xorth 

hold — I )ei*i^ierri  and  Enibnjidercrs. 
Bl;u;k  satin  einbrtiidenxl  waiKtcoat;  the  deftij^i  repre- 
•  nti*  Plenty,  Stren^h,  and   Health,  entwino<l  with  the 
UJitiooal  emblems,  worked  with  nilk  in  natunil  colours. 


140         Co^•^JlDI^c.,  Mrs.  Ida  Von — Designer. 

Newly- in vento<l  knitting,   the  embroidery  being  seen 
oiilv  on  one  Hide. 

147  Hardy,  F.  C,  0  M"Hnt  Stnrt  Crescent,  Ihihlin 

—  Pro<lucer. 
Si<x.'inien.-<  «if  knitting  from  Hackentown,  County  Car- 
I"W,  IreLuid. 

148  Davidwn,  William,  Lieutenant  Bombay  Artillery, 

J/ifLltn/t'in — ImiH)i-ter. 
Etiibnndcry  from  Hycieraba<l;  atlapted  for  table-clotLs, 
^liawU,  cu.thion}<,  &c. 


152  Ditl,  Betty,  23  Charlotte  St.,  Portland  PL— Artiai. 
Pictiu^  in  embroidery — "Tasso's  return" — in  imita- 
tion of  an  engraving. 

The  back  of  an  arm-chair,  embroidery  in  silk  and  gold, 
designed  on  velvet,  in  the  antique  style. 

Large  fire-screen,  embroideiy  in  silk,  chenille,  and 
gold,  in  the  modem  style. 

153  Duxon,  Viscount  C.  H.,  Loiighlyn  House,  Loughlyn, 

Ireland — Proprietor. 
Specimens  of  knitting  from  several  schools  on  the 
Loughlyn  estate  ;  and  of  frieze  and  flannel  manufactured 
and  worn  in  the  country. 

155  Dove,  Christopher  Weslev,  &  Co.,  Leeda — 

Manufacturers. 
Velvet-pile  Brussels,  Kidderminster,  and  Three-ply  car- 
pets; with  registered  designs. 

156  DowBiOGiN  &  Co.,  23  Mount  Street,  Qrosfoenor 

Square. — Producers. 

Carpet  made  at  the  patent  Axminstor  carpet  manufac- 
tory, Glasgow,  for  Her  Majesty,  designed  by  L.  Qruner, 
Esq. 

[The  production  of  the  peculiar  description  of  carpets, 
known  as  "  Axminster,"  form  the  principal  manufacture 
of  that  town.  It  appears  to  have  been  commenced  in 
imitation  of  the  style  of  Turkey  carpets,  but  a  variety 
of  patterns  have  been  produced.  The  same  kind  of 
carpets  are,  however,  produced  in  other  places.  The  thick 
and  soft  pile  of  these  carpets  distinguishes  them  from 
others.  In  the  present  example,  a  peculiar  modification 
of  the  ordinary  process  of  manufacture  has  been  intro- 
duced, by  which  the  worsted  is  thrown  to  the  surflEMje, 
and  does  not  appear  on  the  other  side  at  all. — K.  £.] 

157  Downing,  G.  &  J.  H.,  King's  Road,  Chelsea 

—  Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  floor-cloth. 

159      Ellis,  Sophie  A.,  KUdcmoc  Hector y,  Ardec,  Louth, 

//•('A'/i'/-— Deai^cr. 
Tatting  or  frivolitd,  for  liulioa'  wear.     B<^.i-the,  pjiir  of 
lappet*^,    habit  shirt,    baby'u   cap,    piir   of  alooven,   and 
collars. 

IGO     EcsTACE,  Richard  &  James,  10  Weaver's  Square, 

IhiffUn — Manufactui'ers. 
Turkey  rug,  exhibited  a.s  a  H|)eciinen  of  Turkey  carp<»t 
making,  woven  on  woollen  waq\  the  warp  running  through 
from  end  to  end,  without  cut  or  joining,  and  being  loo|>oti 
at  both  end.s.  Tuft«;<l  hearth  rugs,  girth,  roller,  and 
riUHiHjnder  web.     Spt»cimen.s  of  linen  mill  biuid. 


161         Evans,  S.  A.,   is  Chirhs  Street,   Mi<lUesex 
/fn.yntti! — Denigner  juid  Manufactuivr. 
The   "  Death  of  Dougla«,"  after  C.   Ljunbieor,  in  em- 
broidery. 

102     EvKNDKN,  Eliza  Anne.  31  Jlijh  Streit,  Munintc—- 

Manufjieturer. 

I       Derlin  wool  work :  design.  Mjiry  Queen  of  ScotH  mourn- 
ing over  the  dying  Douglas,  at  the  l«ittle  of  l^ngni<le. 


1  41«        Daw»n,  DedorAII,  Xe^rtu^mhirnj,  Ireland — 

Proi)rietor. 
<"uff»*,  h-uul-ffpun  and  knitted  from  the  wool  of  French 
jarK^ile  dogw, 

l.'jO  Dew  Am,  S4)N  &  SoNH,  Kiujs  Arms  r.niHiiojs, 
U' *■*/  >Y  rt'<  7—  I  Vo])rietorH. 
Table  Govern,  of  ela>>orate  design,  the  firHtmixeil  fabric 
»  f  the  kind  nuwle  in  Spitalfiehb^.  l)esigiie<l  and  execute<l 
}»y  \Vi*).b  fc  Son.  Tlie  numl»er  of  cunl.s  uned  in  the  pro- 
<iii<-ti'»D  an«  '•,<»<M»,  till'  numlwr  of  tanls  us«'«l  in  the  Jju*. 
qiiAnl  machine  4o,o<.m>.  Chintz  pnuted  wiK>llen  table 
«ov«re,  aad  embossed. 


\{V.\       pAwci-nT,  S.,  K id' kr minster — Mimufjioturer. 
SiHJcimcns  of  carjtetrf. 


1G4     Flower,  Ann,  'i:^  I >Hl:e  Street,  Groifvantr  Sqnirc — 
De?*igiuT  and  Manufacturer. 

Hearth   rug,    representing   the   star  ami   garter,    sur- 
mounted by  the  Britihli  crown. 

lecture,  **  Flags  of  all  NatiouH,"  worked  in  crosa-stitch 
in  8ilk,  chenille,  beads,  an<l  wool. 


ir»r)    Faii)>x  *:  PiiiLLirs,  :w,  ;{i>,  &  4'»  \r'ni.,te Street 
■  I)cHi;nu'rH  and  Manufju'turci^. 
State  IxmI,  in  evrry  stylt-  of  nr»<llfwork,  fn»m  original 
I  designs  and  tjelectiona  from  the  decorations  by  Iiafll.ello, 


666 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Central  Gallery. 


[Ukitbd 


in  tho  Vatioan,  and  copies  of  tho  Aurora  of  Guido  Reni, 
and  Night  by  Thorwaldien.  The  valances  are  of  chenille, 
representing  on  a  flat  surface  the  folds  of  velyet,  looped 
up  by  an  imitation  of  gold  cords  and  wreaths  of  poppies. 
The  curtains  are  embroidered  on  blue  satin  and  white 
watered  Irish  poplin.  The  counterpane  is  a  combination 
of  these  designs;  the  canopy  enriched  by  garlands  of 
flowers,  supported  by  angels.  The  bedstead  is  of  carved 
wood,  richly  gilt,  in  the  style  of  Louis  Quatorze.  The 
materials  are  principally  of  British  manufacture. 

This  bed  is  represented  in  the  accompanying  Plate  119. 

Patterns  for  needlework. — The  Prince  of  Wales;  from  a 
painting  by  Winterhalter,  in  the  possession  of  His  Majesty 
the  King  of  Prussia.  The  Choristers  and  Companion ;  from 
paintings  by  H.  Barraud,  Esq.  Lady  Jane  Grey's  reluct- 
ance to  accept  the  crown ;  from  a  painting  by  Leslie,  in  the 
possession  of  his  Grace  the  Duke  of  Bedford.  The  sur- 
render of  Maiy  Queen  of  Scots  to  the  Confederate  Lords  at 
Carberry  Hill;  frx>m  a  painting  by  Chisholm.  Luther, 
Melancthon,  Pomeranus  and  Cruciger  translating  the 
Bible.  Groups  of  flowers  for  seats,  prie-dieu  and  other 
chairs,  cushions,  &c. 

Patterns  for  crochet.  Specimens  of  worsted  yams. 
Purse-silk  and  twist;  embroidery  and  floss  silk;  and 
grounding  silk,  manufactured  and  dyed  in  England. 


166     Fenoulhet,  W.,  11  Wilton  Terrace,  New  North 
Road,  Islington — Artist  and  Designer. 
An  heraldic  design  for  a  royal  cloth  table  cover,  to  be 
manufactured  in  any  costly  material. 


168        Fortune,  Eliza,  101  St,  Georges  BoaJ, 

Southicark — Producer. 
Hearth  rug,  knitted  by  hand.    Subject:  the  emblems 
of  the  United  Kingdom.     Centre :  a  dog% 


169      Franklin,  John  D.,  14  Lower  Ormond  Quay, 

Dublin — Producer. 
Printed  floor-cloth,  16  yards  by  6,  woven  in  one  piece, 
without  a  seam,  carpet  pattern;  another,  to  resemble  in- 
laid woods. 


170     Frew  EN,  EIlizabeth,  Martow,  Bucks — ^Designer 

and  Manufacturer. 
Laco  collar,  cuff',  lappets,  and  neck-tie,  made  by  hand 
on  the  pillow;  in  which  an  admixture  of  silk  with  the 
thread  greatly  improves  the  appearance  of  the  lace. 


174      Gardner,  M.  A.,  22  Great  Leonard  Street, 
Fin^itrg — ^Manufacturer. 
Mosaic  inkstand  mat,  knitted  in  varied  shades  of  Berlin 
wool.    Miniature  bassinet,  knitted  in  double  Berlin  wool, 
with  bed  and  cover.     Chair-back  cushion,  with  weights. 
The  exhibitor  is  blind. 


175  George,  J.  B.,  4  WclU  Street,  Gray's  Inn  Hood— 

Designer. 
Design  for  an  Axminster  centre  carpet,  in  the  Italian 
style. 
Velvet  pile  carpeting. 

176  Gilbert,  J»,  7  Charlotte  Street,  Old  Kent  Road— 

Designer. 

Design  for  Axminster  centre  carpet. 

177  Goodyear,  — .,  Kirkgate,  Ripon — Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  cari)ets. 

178  Heyn,  Emma,  14  Gloucester  Terrace,  Gloucester 

RihhI,  Old  Kent  Road — Producer. 
Ornamental  vase  of  flowers,  made  of  Berlin  wool,  with 
the  crochet  stitch. 


181     Greenwood,  Anne  Christiana,  Brookicood  Parh, 

Alresford — Inventor. 
Panels  for  decorating  tho  walls  of  a  room,  jiaintod  with 
birds  and  fluwcn  in  the  stylo  of  India  paper. 


182       Grboort,  Thohsons,  &  Co.,  Kilmarnock, 

Scotland — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  royal  Wilton  carpeting;  of  Brussels  car- 
peting; and  of  Imperial  carpeting.     The  first  design  by 
Mr.  John  Lauron,  London;  the  omertwo  by  Mr.  Thomas 
Barclay,  Glasgow. 

185  Hall,  Andrew,  Bank  Buildings,  Manchester 

— Inventor. 

Garden  net,  for  shelter;  and  insect  fender. 

Glass  substitute  for  hot-houses,  green-houses,  and  small 
frames;  preferable  to  glass,  as  a  slow  conductor  of  heat, 
and  having  a  more  equable  temperature  under  its  surface. 

Canvases  for  embroideiy,  plain  white,  coarse,  middle, 
and  fine.  Penelope,  coarse,  middle,  and  fine,  with  pat- 
terns of  intermediate  numbers,  and  of  coloured  canvas. 

Hie  above  articles,  with  designs  printed  upon  them, 
intended  to  be  covered  by  the  worker  instead  of  copying 
a  design  froux  print  paper. 

186  Hamburger,  Rogers,  &  Co.,  30  King  Street, 

Covent  Garden — Producers. 
Specimens  of  embroidery  and  gold  lace  helmets,  epau- 
lettes, &c. 

187  Bloomfield,  Susanna,  Poole,  Dorset — 

Manufacturer. 
Needlework  in  Berlin  wool : — Subject,  ''Raphael  in  the 
Vatican." 

188  Hanson,  Charles,  JW^^  Zand — Designer. 
Design  for  an  Axminster  hearth  rug,  in  the  Italian 

style. 

189  Harding,  Wuijam,  &  Co.,  6SLong  Acre — 

Designers  and  Manufiujturers. 

Bude  specimens  of  livery  lace  (silk  and  worsted  surface 
and  cotton  and  linen-thread  foundation).  Duplicate  sam- 
ples of  trimmings  and  hammer-cloth  mountings,  made  to 
the  order  of  King  George  the  Third.  Some  of  the  first 
experiments  to  improve  carriage  laces,  by  separating  the 
component  materials,  and  producing  a  raiBed  pile-figure 
upon  a  tissue  ground,  for  which  a  patent  was  granted, 
in  1817.  Duplicate  samples  of  fringe  and  hangers,  made 
for  King  George  the  Fourth.  Duplicate  samples  made 
for  the  Princess  Charlotte.  Samples  made  for  his  late 
Majesty  William  the  Fourth  and  Adelaide  the  Queen  Dow- 
ager; and  for  Louis  Philippe,  the  late  King  of  the  French. 
Duplicate  samples  of  carriage  lace,  and  other  trimmingSy 
made  for  Her  Me^esty,  and  their  R.  H.  Prince  Albert 
and  the  Prince  of  Wales.  Specimens  of  registered  lining. 
Specimens  in  contrast  shades,  stated  to  be  tho  first 
attempt  of  this  kind  in  figured  silks.  Specimens  with 
both  sides  alike. 

Sundry  tassels,  bullions,  fringes,  gympings,  and  other 
upholstery  ornaments,  to  illustrate  the  advances  in  this 
manufacture. 

Specimens  of  lace,  figured  silk,  and  carpet  for  carriages, 
of  (Uflerent  qualities. 

190  Hare,  J.,  &  Co.,  Bristol — Designers  and 

Manufacturers. 
Five  floorcloth  compositions,  >'iz. :  —  One  of  chintzes; 
two  of  mosaic  pavements;  one  of  mosaic  pavements;  one 
of  inlaid  woods,    and  one   of  encaustic  tiles.      (.W/A 
Transept  Gallery,  Eastern  Si<le). 

191  Harms  worth,  Martha,  Ticickenham— 

Embroiderer^ 
Tapestry.     *'  Tho  Last  Supper,"  worked  in  French  floes 
silk. 


192    Harris,  George,  3t  Co.,  Stourport,  and  59  Snow 
Hill,  Lotulim — Manufacturers. 

Brussels  velvet  j)ile  centre  carpet,  with  border,  for 
dra^^in^room,  exhibite<l  for  design  and  quality. 

Siiuilar  caqiot,  without  border. 

Brussels  velvet  pile  centre  carpet,  with  border,  for 
dining-room  or  libiury. 


HEMU.  rADDBL   A 


3 


LAGS  AND  EMBBOIDEBT,  fto. 

SOCVH  GlHTRAL  GaULSBT. 


667 


192a 


.  87 
Manit&oiiirenu 
ci  nitt  apnm  aod  bsbi6i^  olodky  knm  podDBt 
•  auDbfio  fknoioixiflSi  Mid  jnaoriiioiis  s  aU 


194 


li— tli«mg;  •&  wool,  vMd  for  bod<«ldefy  door- 
te.;  miperior  for  dnzftbiltfy,  and  fiMsUitj 
Sid  djed  Hqr  odour. 


195 


.  E.  ft  O.,  11  JBdgwoM  Soad^ 

])MiKii0ffB  iod  Ifiiiiinotiirsni. 

oovmHsledy  Bkittahemblfliiii^  dengnod  and 

ft  mm  wk  canras.    Italian  bc^,  woilwd  and 

Batar  tlia  Hermit.     Deer-atalking.     JoMfih 

Us  Mmt  to  Plianoh.   Copiea  of  a  paintiqg^ 


i9e 


BiMwrnkKaaan,  Ujpptt  Monk,  Lamkdk-^ 
Mannfiioturera. 
of  floor  olotliy  pattern  oof^ed  from  a  Rcnnan 
pa(fim«t  diaoowed  at  Aldboroughy  Tork- 


197    Hjwfxr,  JMDlKBB,25J&(^Pfo(»,iroaonl— 


for  faviooa  kinda  of  printed  finbrioa;  and  for 
and  other  kindb  of  oazpeta. 

198  H▲n■i^  FtAMcaa  Sbait,  A0— Deaigner  and 

Xannfbctiirer. 
QHpa*;  aeedle-WQck  in  Berlin  wooL 

199  JSmumomaaL,  Rodolphb,  261  Regmd  Strett^ 

Deaimer  and  Mannfbotnrer. 
H«Rral;yleofaae(Seworic,  aimilar  to  the  Qobelina. 
Henar  dnejpia,  eseeoted  in  ailk  and  wool,  on  oanTaa. 
Kew  kfan  of  easfaa  for  embroiderT. 

drao^t^  dnat^  ana  noiae  ezoluder>  ap- 


pfieable  with  glue  to  doon,  windows,  wardrobes,  piano- 
foriea,  and  g^Uaa-caflea.  A  light  subatitute  for  the  neavy 
eord  oaed  in  ladiea'  dreasee. 

200     BbcsnDSON  &  Co.,  Durham — ^ManufiBcturers. 

Wilton,  or  pile  carpet,  in  Raphaeleeque  style  of  orna- 
ment, of  the  16th  century. 

Brossels  carpet,  for  drawing-room,  cinque  cento  style. 

Wihon,  or  pile  stair  carpet,  regular  five  frames  quidity. 

Tard-^side  ingrain  carpet.  Yard-wide  ingrain  carpet, 
in  bedroom  style.  Fine  yard-wide  damask  Venetian 
carpet.  Tard-wide  twilled  damask  Venetian  stair  carpet. 
Twilled    Venetian    stair    carpet.     Fine  Venetian    stair 


201  UmKUEtaos  &  Widnell,  Lassvoade — Manufocturers. 
Poctidre,  or  door  curtain,  10  ft.  6  in.  by  5  ft. ;  in  one 

piaoe;  fine  reWet  Whytocks  patent.  Probably  the 
Lrgeat  piece  ever  manufactured  on  this  principle.  Style 
— LooisXlV. 

Rtdi  patent  Telvet  carpets,  with  centres,  borders^  and 
eomen;  aame  style. 

Pateot  relvet  sofia  carpets,  and  rugs. 

202  Hatch,  Caboline,  Tunbridge  Wir//*— Producer. 
Specimens  of  embroidery. 

203  Hill,  Bbxjamin,  Oineu,  Buckinghamshire^ 

Manufacturer. 
Specimena  of  pillow-lace  edging,  suitable  for  collars, 
coflS^  aleeres,  &c. ;  and  insertion  edging,  suitable  for  caps, 
•Issrea,  stomachers,  kjc. 

PiUow  lace,  suitable  fof  infants'  caps,   ladies'   caps> 
and  flouncing. 


204     Hn-L  &  Co.,  High  Street,   Worcester,  and  Great 

Maktm — Inventors . 
Keedlewofk  for  ottomans,  screens,  hanging  for  walls, 
UTS,  &c.,  of  the  following  deai^is:— ^ 


PanoEamio  Tiew  of  the  tillage  of  Qreat  lialTera,  Wor- 
oostorahuo.  

Sketch  of  Windsor  CSastlc^  taken  from  Eton  College 
grounds,  from  a  miniature  view  by  Baxter. 

Sunset  Tiew  of  tiie  ndna  of  Tintem  Abbey^  from  m 
Uthograph. 

Two  Yiewv  of  Witney  Coort^  from  pencil  drawings. 

Portrait  in  misJatore,  from  a  painnng  bj  Leonardo  da 
TmA, 

BzeontedbythAriatemB*!  P.,  S.|  andO.  Bogen^  of  the 
abo?efinki. 


205  HnDBAUOB,  Mrs.  Makt,  .2rsi0eafMMfM»-2VMS— 

Fkodnosr. 
Copies  from  Landaeei's  ptetore  of  ''Bolton  Abbey;" 
IMior^s  ''Hawking  Burtr,-"   Hecring's  "Fsedhag  the 
HorMsf  and  Sofaophi's  "  Animal  of  Babeooa.'*    Woiked 
as  tapestry. 

206  Bxsaua,  C,  8t  Sons,  134  Oxford  Sttett^ 

Deaigneni  and  Jiann&otoren. 
Bich  TelTot  oamting.    Kngliah  hand-wnrng^t  oanets, 
Turldah  style.    Fine  quality  in  original  dangns,  etsbo« 
rately  flowered.    Oriental  oupets. 

207      HeiJU>WA¥,PB<IBB,(MwsBttAlM^,i>OrcA«rf0^ 

Designer. 
Qoilt  knitted  by  hand,  in  one  pieoe,  with  ootton. 

208  HoiJnEB»  J.,  JricidiffrmAufar-^ManuflMstarsr. 
Carpets,  conunonly  oalled  Telrety  suitable  for  dining  or 

drawing  rooms. 

209  HoFi^  QsosoB  ConLmo^  17  i2o6er<soft  8k^, 

Hastings— J)eagniap, 
Bflgistered  bmworkB  of  oommon  rush  for  the  ehurdi 
or  doset^  with  appropriate  mottoes,  in  needlework. 

210  HimPHUBB,  Thomas,  Vioar  l^reet,KidiermiMter<^ 

Manufiacturer* 
Specimen  of  super-velvet  pile  carpeting.     Registered 
patterns. 

211  HUBfff,  Q.,  Ifig^  Street,  Bedford— Desigaer  and 

Inventor. 
Pillow-lace,  with  glass  introduced  into  the  figure. 

213     Ladies'  Industrial  Society,  76  Orafton  Street, 

Driblin — Producers. 
Limerick  lace  :  shawls,  handkerchie£B,  and  cazarees. 
Spanish  point,  made  in  Ireland:  caps,  cufis,  and  habit* 

shirts. 

Old  point,  made  in  Ireland :  fichus  and  frocks. 

Real  guipure,  made  in  Ireland :  head-dress  and  collar. 

Crochet:  caps,  sleeves,  collars,  and  frocks. 

Embroidery:  collars,  caps,  and  handkerchiefs. 

Cloth  embroidery.     Horse-hair  ornaments. 

Linens :  hand-spun  and  wove  sheeting. 

Knitting:  stockings,  socks,  and  mittens. 

Thread  lace.     Hand-apim  flannel. 

Appliqu6:    scarfs,    caps,    berthes,   lappets,   flounces, 
shawls,  veils,  and  dress. 

215    James,  IIrnry,  7  Ferdinand  Terrace,  PancraaVale 

Inventor,  Designer,  and  Producer. 

Enamelled  floor-cloth.     Window-glass,  ornamented  by 
machinery,  for  halls,  stair-cases,  &c. 

21G    Johnson,  Geo.,  &  Co.,  11  Bow  Churchyard,  and 
4  BovD  Lane — Manufacturers* 
Mourning  collars,  &c. 


217  Johnson,  Mabia,  //«//— Designer. 

Quilt  of  patchwork,  in  13,500  pieces  of  silk,  satin,  and 
velvet,  with  a  group  of  white  flowers  embroidered  on  a 
crimson  ground  in  the  centre,  and  a  bomlor  of  white  liUes 
and  roses  upon  a  crimson  ground. 


568 


Class  19.— TAPESTOY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Centbal  Gaixery. 


[United 


218     Johnstone,  J.,  102  Qrafuim  Street,  Airdrie, 

Scotland — Inventor. 
Table-cover,  consisting  of  2,000  pieces  of  cloth,  ar- 
ranged into  23  historical  and  imagined  characters,  six 
equestrian  scenes,  a  fox-hunt,  and  pantomime,  with  the 
regalia  of  Scotland  in  the  centre.  The  design  and  execu- 
tion is  the  sole  work  of  the  exhibitor,  and  it  occupied  his 
leisure  hours  for  18  years. 


219     Jones,  Mart,  Abbey  Street,  Chester — Proprietor. 

Bible  cushion,  copied,  in  fancy  work,  from  a  plan  of 
the  mosaic  pavement  in  Canterbury  cathedral,  formerly 
composed  of  precious  stones,  gold,  and  jet. 


221     Keddbll,  John  Staples,  Shccmess — Proprietor. 

Armorial  bearings,  worked  by  the  exhibitor  in  Berlin 
wool  and  silk. 

223  Kettlewell,  Mart,  Clonmel,  Ireland — Proprietor. 
Trimming  lace,  and  lace  berthes  of  different  patterns. 
Large  knitted  lace  collar,  and  fine  lace  lappet.    Small 
thread  lace  scarf.  Lace  scarf,  as  fine  as  hair,  done  in  Ardas. 


224  King,  Miss,  3  Bloomshury  Place,  Bloomsbury  Square 

— ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Mediajval  embroidery: — ^Design  for  a  cover  for  the  book 
of  the  GoiqMsls,   after  the  antique.     St»  John;    design 
from  a  brass  of  Lawrence  Seymoiu*  at  Higham  Ferrers 
Royal  arms,  on  a  groimd  of  cloth  of  gold. 

225  KiNGSBURT,  LoitiBA,  J^ost  Street,  Tawiton,  Somerset 

— Designer,  Inventor,  and  Manufacturer. 
Basket  of  flowers,  knitted  in  Berlin  wool,  from  nature. 


22G     KiTELT,  Joseph,  Kidderminster — Manufacturer. 

A  Brussels  velvet  carpet  in  five-frame,  green  and  gold  \ 
a  Brussels  velvet  pile  specimen  in  five -frame,  white  and 
oak;  a  Brussels  carpet  in  five-frame,  crimson  and  oak, 
suitable  for  drawing  or  dining  rooms. 

227     School  of  Charitt,  Cangort  Park,  Kinjs  County, 

Ireland — Producers. 
Embroidered  muslin>  executed  by  the  children  of  the 
school. 


228  MowLAND,  Charlotte  O.,  23  Eaton  Mews,  South, 

Eaton  Square — Producer. 
Wreath  on  white  satin,  with  chenille  and  crape;  design 
for  an  ornament  or  trimming.     The  exhibitor  aged   11 
years. 

229  Lambert,  Eli2abeth,  Tunhndjc — Designer. 

Embroidery — Full-length  portrait  of  The  Queen,  in 
gilt  frame. 

A  group  of  flowers,  with  vase,  in  can-od  oak  frame. 

230  Lanchenick,  Jane  A.,  5  Protnpton  Jiotc,  Bromptvn 

— ^Designer  and  Manufivoturer. 
Table  cover ;  garter  blue  cloth.     The  design,  an  oak 
and  acorn  border;   the  comers,  the  rose,  tliistle,  and 
shamrock,  i^-ith  the  edge  scalloped;  the  whole  embroi- 
dered in  gold-coloure<l  silk. 


231  Mackellar  &  Hahpson,  50  Old  Chanjc,  Cheapside 

— I'roducers. 

Royal  lace  mantle,  figured  by  a  patent  process  (silk 
texture). 

232  Lapworth,  Alfred — l*roducer. 

Axminstcr  cari>et8.      Patent  carpets.     Velvet  pile  and 
tapestry  velvet  carpets. 

234      DiGGEB  I^  Touche,  MiM,  Killmaule,  Trclan'1— 

Inventor. 
Specimen  of  lace  flounce,  worked  by  the  poor  girls  of 
Killmutilc,  invented  at  the  time  of  the  famine,  to  enable 
them  to  cam  sufficient  for  their  Bupi>ort. 


235     VicxiABB,  Richard,  Padbury,  Buckinghai 

Manufacturer. 

Lace  for  young  infiAnts'  robes. 

Lace  for  trimming  an  infant's  cot^  or  a  flounce  for  a 
lady's  dress. 

Lace  crowxiB  for  infEints'  caps,  corresponding  with  the 
broad  lace. 

Insertion  for  forming  the  body  of  the  caps. 

Laces  for  bordering  the  caps. 

23C       Lester,  Thomas,  Bedford— ^iAasmUig^xaw. 

Specimen  of  Bedfordshire  pillow-laoe,  being  an  improved 
arrangement  of  an  infiuit's  lace  dress. 

Improved  lace  fall-piece,  to  avoid  joining  at  the  cor- 
ners; lace  fall,  complete;  length  of  wide  white  lace  for 
falls;  length  of  white  and  black  trimming  lace;  length  of 
flouncing  lace.       

238  Wheler,  Mrs.  John,  42  Dorset  Street,  Pcrtmum 

Sq  uare — Producer. 
An    occasional    table,   mounted  with  appliqu^  em- 
broidery. 

239  Lewer,  Eliza,  Wimbom^  Minster,  Dorsetshire— 

Maker. 
Piece  of  tapestry,  consisting  of  24  figures,  and  438,000 

stitches. 

240  LocKwooD,  Georoiana,  31  Qreat  Titchfdd  Street, 

Oxford  Street — Manufiacturer. 
A  child's  fancy  crochet  frock. 

241  Lee,  J. — Producer. 

Specimen  of  lace  made  by  a  poor  woman  in  Stone, 
Aylesbury. 

242  Macdonald,  MaroaretTa,  105  South  Porilawi 

Street,  (7 /a»/ou>-— Manufacturer. 
Fimcy  needlework,  worked  with  Berlin  wool  and  silk. 
Subject—"  HaddonHall  in  the  Olden  Time,'*  by  Frederick 
Tayler. 

243  McFarlane  Brothers,  Glasgow — Manu&ctoivn. 
Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  3  inches  long  by  3  feet  4 

inches  broad,  with  landscape  design,  from  Loch-Long, 
Du  mbartonshire. 

Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  broad  {  landsci^ie 
design.  Chenille  hearUi-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  broad, 
with  design,  tiger  jungle,  hills  in  the  distance. 

Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  feet  1  inch  broad, 
with  design,  water  lily  or  lotus.  Chenille  hearth-rug^ 
8  feet  ()  inches  long  by  3  feet  5  inches  broad;  design, 
scrolls  and  flowers,  l^eccs  of  chenille  carpeting,  each 
2  feet  long  by  2  feet  3  inches  ^lidc,  with  same  design. 

244  Mallaueu,  William,  Ayait  of  the  Morarim  Estah- 

lishitu'hts  at  Fnlnvck,  near  Leeds,  and  Ockbrookf 
near  Dcrlty — Manufacturer. 
Worked  handkerchiefs  of  Moravian  embroidered  needle- 
work, from  Fulneck  and  Ockbrook. 

240     M'Carten,  H.,  97  Great  Ch^wles  Street,  Birmittghtm 

— Maimfacturer. 
Ancient  design  of  funeral  pall  for  hearse*     Design  from 
Mr.  Pugiu's  **  Glossary  of  Ecclesiastical  Ornament  and 
Costume."  ^ 

247     M*DaRmid,  Mart  Ann,  Bagthorpe  IIoHBe,  near 
Nottiwjham — ^Designer  and  Maker. 
Embroidered  quilt. 


248  Maclean,  Jane,  Tynan  Bectonj,  I)/nan,  Cotmiy 

Armagh,  Ireland — Proprietor. 
Imitation  guipure  lace  flounce,  worked  by  the  childretl 
of  TjTian  Glebe  school. 

249  Kichnond  Lunatic  Asylum— PixMlucersi 
Quilt  knitted  by  the  inmates* 


Kingdom.] 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &c. 
South  Central  Gallery. 


5G9 


2oO    MxLTOV,  Elisa,  8  Peacock  Terraoe,  Walworth  Road 
— Mannfacturer  and  Proprietor. 
Embcoidfl^.    Imitation  in  needlework  of  "  The  Last 
finpps^  hf  Ijeonardo  da  Vinci. 


251  MoxKHOCn,  Joshua,  &  Son,  Barnard  Castle,  and 

75  Hood  &reet,  Cheaptide,  London — ^Manufacturers. 

Carpetsy  of  Kidderminster  &bric,  cumber  and  point 
■tylee. 

Dutch  fiibric  caipets,  all  wool,  and  Dutch  fabric  carpets, 
VBip  made  from  luk  noils. 

252  MoKToic  &  Sons,  iTicU^rmM^tf/^-Manu&cturers. 
Specimens  of  yelvet  pile  carpets : — Crimson  and  colours 

(roaaa);  ruby  and  chintz  (flowers);  crimson,  green,  &c. 
(lilies). 

Sazonj  carpet :^-crimson  and  oaks  ^scroll). 

Bknasels  carpets: — white  and  gold  (scroll);  dark  green 
and  gt>ld  (ornament);  royal  blue  and  gold  (ornament); 
ruby,  crimsoOy  and  oaks  (leaves);  ruby,  green,  &o. 
<roses). 


253     Nadut,  Michael,  Kirkaldji,  Scotland— Deta^ev 

and  Manufacturer. 
Floorcloth,  used  for  halls,  lobbies,  &c: — No.  1.  Chintz 
pattern,  eight  colours,  imitation  of  fine  carpeting.  No.  2. 
Granite  pattern,  four  colours,  imitation  of  granite  inlaid. 
Ko.  3.  Marble  pattern,  four  colours,  imitation  of  marble 
inlaid.  No.  4.  A  combination  of  Nos.  2  and  3,  repre- 
— "Hng  marble  and  granite,  inlaid  alternately,  showing 
that  Nos.  2  and  3  can  be  made  to  work  singly  or  together, 
thereby  giiing  the  advantage  of  three  di^mct  patterns, 
with  only  two  seta  of  blocks. 

[The  canvas  employed  in  the  manufacture  of  floor- 
cloth, is  produced  principally  in  the  north,  and  in  large 
qoaotitiea  at  Dundee.  The  size  of  the  canvas,  G  yards 
or  upwards  in  width,  and  about  100  in  length,  will  con- 
vey an  idea  of  that  of  the  loom  producing  it.  The 
Application  of  the  oil  coloiu^  and  pattcma  is  effected  in 
v.fcrioiLi  places.  Prior  to  this,  the  cauvas  Is  prepared  for 
I  he  rtctption  of  the  paint  by  a  coatiug  of  size.  The 
[bclut  and  |*atU'm  are  applied  by  haud,  au<l  the  latter  is 
effected  by  the  uiiual  i>ixx:ess  of  block-printing.] 


2.'»4        Natlor,  David,  Manchester — rrodncer. 

P^cnt  Kidderminster  carpet,  woven  by  a  ateam -power 


2.'»r)         Let,  F.,    Victoriti  Cottu]'-,  Hickiwfton,  ncir 
Bamat'ip ',,-,  Dcron — IVo<lucer. 
A  piece  of  needlew«)rk  iu  floi»rt  silk,   reprem^ntinf?  the 
P.iM*-  encircled  nith  roncr^,  with  an  approjfriiite  motto  iu 
i    A  letter."*. 

l».'»»i    IkrrCUCR,  Mi/*i*ei<,  2  Climuhn  KuaJ,  XutiiiKj  Hill — 

l*ro<lucers. 

Variety  of  Berlin  wool-woik. 


li.'*?      Nei^TOJIB  &  JoMlS,   Ki'l'lrrmiiuitcr,   imd  li)  S/.innrr 
Stir.'t^    l/.iolfH — Manufacturer.'*.      Thos.    Pall, 
&   Co..   fj-if^^itij  the  M-insi'fH   Jfousi ,    i.'it'j — Pro- 
prietors. 
M'-Ul  air]>et  of  superior  velvet  pile,   reprenentin^  the 
ArrtH    of    the   CouiiKiny    of  Mercers*,    with   emhlazDued 
lj«-r»Jor,  &c. 

V.lvct  pile  carpet  in  brea^ltlw;  design,  "the  vine  and 
jw«-i'»n  ri'»wer." 

lit-f*:  Bru.*n<;lrf  caqnit,  iu  brea*ltln<;  of  a  white  ground  and 
•croll  chintz. 


2'».S       Newton,  Jonhs  &  Wi ujh,  Temyh  Ru^r^ 
/:iri/iin-fh  nn—Chnrvh  I  )«'C"()ratoi*s. 

R*'>»ei«.  hoj'U,  curtains,  iuid  veils,  embroidered  in  flilk 
tni  >;"ld. 

.Satin  4Luu.irik  han>:iug.'<,   woollen  hanging.-',  velvet-pile 


269         Olveb,  Ltdia,  ZwAmn/— ManufSacturer. 
Embroidered  collar,  stomacher,  and  sleeves. 


260    OsBOBN,  Matilda,  4  Sydneif  Square,  Commercial 

Road  East — Producer. 
"Mary,  Queen  of  Scots,   mourning  over  the  dying 
Douglas,"  in  Berlin  wool. 

2G1       Padwick,  Anne,  Westhowne,  Emsworth — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
A  crochet  table-cover  in  Berlin  wool. 


262  Palmer,  Helen,  i>Mnse— Producer. 

Panel  for  a  pole-screen,  embroidered  in  coloured  silks, 
upon  white  satin. 

Lady's  dress,  embroidered  in  cherry-coloured  silks, 
upon  white  silk. 

Cushion  for  a  chair,  embroidered  in  coloured  silks,  upon 
white  satin.  

263  Pardoe,  Hoomans,  &  Pardoe,  Kidderminster — 

Manufacturers. 

Whytock's  patent  tapestry  carpeting,  in  Brussels  and 
velvet  pile.  The  colours  are  permanently  printed  on  the 
worsted  before  it  is  -woven. 

Skein  of  the  worsted.     Patent  Berlin  rugs. 


264    Patent  Camphine  Company,  HiUl — Producers. 
Tapestry :  views  of  Windsor  Castle,  Malvern  Hills,  kc. 


265    Patent  Utrecht  Company,  36  Steward  Street, 

Spitalfields — Producers. 
Lace  curtains,   patent  silk  lace  dress  and   curtains; 
patent  lace  quilt,  scarf,  and  curtains;  Spanish  mantilla. 


266  Pearse,  Clara,  Broad  Street,  Bath — ^Designer. 
Crochet  bed-quilt,  illustrated  with  the  Ten  Command- 

ments  in  the  centre,  with  imitation  of  point  loco  border. 
The  dudigner  14  ywu*8  of  age. 

267  Pexley,  E.  a.,  St.  Peter's,  Mar-jate — DeBigucr 

and  Manufacturer. 
Silk  i>atchwork  table-cover. 


208     Perry,  Edward,  Tlie  Kev.,  26  Portlaml  Place, 

J.emniwjtnn — Producer. 
Scai'f  comiHXsed  of  British  silk,  being  the  pro<luce  of 
2,000  Bilk  w»)rmH,  which  were  kept  in  an  out-houne  at 
GiKxlrich,  in  Herefonldiire.  Tlie  silk  was  wound  from 
the  cocoons  and  t*pun  by  Mrn.  Perry  and  her  daughter; 
aft<jr  which,  it  waw  ma<le  into  the  Hcarf  now  exhibited. 
The  silk  in  in  its  natural  or  raw  stiite,  unmanufjK-tured, 
and  the  colourn  of  the  silk  produced  by  the  male  and 
female  worm.s  are  preserved. 

[In  a  preceding  clasH  will  bo  found  a  brief  notice  of  the 
labourH  of  the  late  Mi*ri.  Whitby  to  introduce  the  cul- 
ture of  the  silkworm  into  this  country.  Thin  notice 
accompjmies  a  banner  entirely  wrought  r)ut  of  nilk  pro- 
duced from  worms  bred  in  Eughmvl.  In  the  i)rertent, 
jw  in  other  iiwtanccs  exhibited,  the  same  succesri  hfw 
attended  this  art. — H.  E.] 


2r)0      Heald,  Benjamin,  Ohl  Siriuton,  Xottinjham — 

1  )ef  igner. 
A  der«ign  for  Honiton  lace  fiouncingH. 

270 

SiK.'cimens  of  knitting  by  the  poor  Irinh  chihlren  near 
Limerick. 

271  Ph  I LU  !***>  1**'  M 1 1.  V ,   1 0  • '»  Heriti '  >u  <  Isej/  St  re*  t , 

,<<tuthir,irh    ■  l*iXHlue«r. 
"  L;i  Vendredi:"—  eating  niiiat  on  Fridiiy. 


568 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETO,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Central  Gallery. 


FUkited 


218     Johnstone,  J.,  102  Oraham  Street ,  Airdrie, 

Scot  land — Inventor. 
Table-cover,  consisting  of  2,000  pieces  of  cloth,  ar- 
ranged into  23  historictJ  and  imagined  characters,  six 
equestrian  scenes,  a  fox-hunt,  and  pantomime,  with  the 
regalia  of  Scotland  in  the  centre.  The  design  and  execu- 
tion is  the  sole  work  of  the  exhibitor,  and  it  occupied  his 
leisure  hours  for  18  years. 


219     Jones,  Mart,  Abbey  Street,  Chester — Proprietor. 

Bible  cushion,  copied,  in  fancy  work,  from  a  plan  of 
the  mosaic  pavement  in  Canterbury  cathedral,  formerly 
composed  of  precious  stones,  gold,  and  jet. 


221     Keddell,  John  Staples,  Shecmess — Proprietor. 

Armorial  bearings,  worked  by  the  exhibitor  in  Berlin 
wool  and  silk. 

223   Kettlewell,  Mart,  Clonmel,  Ireland — Proprietor. 
Trimming  lace,  and  lace  berthes  of  different  patterns. 
Large  knitted  lace  collar,  and  fine  lace  lappet.    Small 
thr^d  lace  scarf.  Lace  scarf,  as  fine  as  hair,  done  in  Ardas. 


224  King,  Miss,  3  Bloomshury  Place,  Bloomsbitry  Square 

— ^Designer  and  Manufiufturer. 
ModLnoval  embroidery: — ^Design  for  a  cover  for  the  book 
of  the  Gospels,   after  the  antique.     St.  John;    denign 
from  a  brass  of  Lawrence  Seymom*  at  Higham  Ferrers 
Royal  arms,  on  a  ground  of  cloth  of  gold. 

225  Kingsbury,  LoitiSA,  East  Street,  Ta^tnton,  Somerset 

— Designer,  Inventor,  and  Manufacturer. 
Basket  of  flowers,  knitted  in  Berlin  wool,  from  nature. 

226  KiTELT,  Joseph,  Kidderminster — Manufacturer. 

A  Brussels  velvet  carpet  in  five-fraiuo,  green  and  gold; 
a  Brussels  velvet  pile  specimen  in  five-frame,  white  and 
oak;  a  Brussels  carpet  in  five-frame,  crimson  and  oak, 
suitable  for  drawing  or  dining  rooms. 

227  School  of  Charity,  Cangort  Park,  Kinj's  County, 

Ireland — Producers. 
Embroidered  musliU)  executed  by  the  children  of  the 
school. 


228  MowLAND,  Charlotte  G.,  23  Eaton  Mcurs,  South, 

Eaton  Square — Producer. 
Wreath  on  white  satin,  with  chenille  and  crape;  design 
for  an  ornament  or  trimming.     The  exhibitor  aged   11 
years. 

229  LA3IBERT,  Elizabeth,  TtmfMjc — Designer. 

Embroidery — Full-length  portrait  of  The  Queen,  in 
gilt  frame. 

A  group  of  flowers,  with  vase,  in  carved  oak  frame. 

230  Lanchenick,  Jane  A.,  5  Brompton  B(nc,  Brompton 

— ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Table  cover;  garter  blue  cloth.     The  design,  an  oak 
and  acorn  border;   the  comers,  the  rose,  thistle,  and 
shamrock,  ^^-ith  the  edge  scalloped;  the  whole  embroi- 
dered in  gold-coloured  silk. 


231  Mackellar  &  Hampson,  50  Old  Chanje,  Cheapside 

— Producers. 

Royal  laco  mantle,  figured  by  a  patent  process  (silk 
texture). 

232  Lapworth,  Alfred — Producer. 

Axminster  carpets.      Patent  carpets.     Velvet  pile  and 
tapestry  velvet  carpets. 

234      DiGGES  La  Touche,  Miss,  Kilbwiule,  Ireland— 

Inventor. 
Specimen  of  lace  flounce,  workcxl  by  the  jwor  girls  of 
Killmaule,  invented  at  tlie  time  of  the  famine,  to  enable 
them  to  cam  sufficient  for  their  support. 


235     ViocARS,  Richard,  Padbury,  Buckinghai 

Manufacturer. 

Lace  for  young  infinnts'  robes. 

Lace  for  trimming  an  infant's  cot,  or  a  flounoe  for  a 
lady's  dress. 

Lace  crowcB  for  infants'  caps,  corresponding  with  the 
broad  lace. 

Insertion  for  forming  the  body  of  the  caps. 

Laces  for  bordering  the  caps. 

23C       Lester,  Thomas,  Bedford-— VLukysSsic^nitit, 

Specimen  of  Bedfordshire  pillow-laoe,  being  an  improved 
arrangement  of  an  infeoit's  lace  dress. 

Improved  lace  fall-piece,  to  avoid  joining  at  the  cor- 
ners; lace  fall,  complete;  length  of  wide  white  lace  for 
falls;  length  of  white  and  black  trimming  lace;  length  of 
flouncing  lace.       

238  Wheler,  Mrs.  John,  42  DorBct  Street,  Poriman 

Square — Producer. 
An    occasional    table,   mounted  with  appliqude  em- 
broidery. 

239  Lewer,  Eliza,  Wimbonn  Minster,  Dorsetshire — 

Maker. 
Piece  of  tapestry,  consisting  of  24  figures,  and  438,000 
stitches. 

240  LocKwooD,  Oeoroiana,  31  Great  Titchf  eld  Street, 

Oxford  Street — Manufacturer. 
A  child's  fancy  crochet  frock. 

241  Lee,  J.— Producer. 

Specimen  of  lace  made  by  a  poor  woman  in  Stone, 
Aylesbury. 

242  Macdonald,  MaroaretTa,  105  8(AUh  Portlami 

Street,  Glasgow — Manufiebcturer. 
Fancy  needlework,  worked  with  Berlin  wool  and  silk. 
Subject—"  HaddonHall  in  the  Olden  Time,"  by  Frederick 
Tayler. 

243  McFarlane  Brothers,  Glasgow — ^Blanu&cturers. 
Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  3  inches  long  by  3  feet  4 

inches  broad,  with  landscape  design,  from  Loch-Long, 
Dumbartonshire. 

Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  broad  {  landscape 
design.  Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  broad, 
with  design,  tiger  jungle,  hills  in  the  distance. 

Chenille  hearth-rug,  7  feet  long  by  3  feet  1  inch  broad, 
with  design,  water  lily  or  lotus.  Chenille  hearth-rug, 
8  feet  6  inches  long  by  3  feet  5  inches  broad;  design, 
scrolls  and  flowers.  Heces  of  chenille  carpeting,  each 
2  feet  long  by  2  feet  3  inches  wide,  with  same  design. 

244  Mallaijeu,  William,  Agent  of  the  Moravian  Estab- 

lishments at  Faltu'ck,  near  Leeds,  and  Odb^roo^ 
Hcur  Deiby — Manufacturer. 
Worked  haiidkorchiefs  of  Moravian  embroidered  needle- 
work, from  Fulneck  and  Ockbrook. 


246  M'Carten,  H.,  97  Great  Charles  Street,  Birmingkam 

— Manufactiurer. 
Ancient  design  of  funeral  pall  for  hearse*     Design  from 
Mr.  Pugin's  ''Glossary  of  Ecclesiastical  Ornament  and 
Costume."  ^ 

247  M'DaRmid,  Mary  Ann,  B*igth>rpe  Ilovse,  near 

A^ottiiujham — Designer  and  Maker. 
Embroidered  quilt. 


248  Maclean,  Jane>  Tynan  Bectory,  lynan,  Cotmty 

Armagh,  Ireland — Proprietor. 
Imitation  guipure  laco  flounce,  worked  by  the  children 
of  Tynan  Olebe  school. 

249  Richmond  Lunatic  Asylum— Pruducen» 
Quilt  knitted  by  the  inmates^ 


] 


LACE  AND  EMBBOawn,  &o. 
South  CswmiXi  CIallbrt* 


see 


250  liMidii^  fcau,  8  Pmeoek  ^mmm^WOmrikSoad 

MtAtMoa  in  needlewoik of  "TbB  Lmt 
%f  iMMtdo  dft  TmoL 


251    KMKBOOtt;,  JomcOA,  ft  Smr^  Bamard  Catile,  and 
TSUMrabTMl,  Ckeap§ide,  2>Mefofi---Maiiuftotiiren. 
Owpsli^  of  Uddenmnsier  fiOiiio,  oumber  and  point 


2SS   Utiiiii  a  floiw,  JMtointoir^lftMttnfiwtagettK 

QpadBMisaf  Viliitt  pito  flnpete>— Giimflon  and  oolotin 
teM;  nif  «i  flbiiiU  (floiran);  oiniaoiv  green,  &c; 

BwagiUfiili    leiiiwrm  end  oets  (ecndl). 
Hf— ih  aiqpli:— whito  end  gold  tecroll);  darkgroen 
(onHnianl);  rml  bine  and  gold  (ornament); 
Sid  oela  (ka¥ee)$   rubj,  green,  fta 


258    Vinoi,  IKmrnim^  Kirkakfy,  SiooetoKf— Deaigner 

Ibr  baUa,  lobbiea,  &o:— Ko.  1.  Chints 
t%lmitetionofflneoan>eting.    No.  2. 
,  Ibor  ooloofa,  imitation  of  granite  inlaid. 
Bbw  a.  MtMh  paMem,  four  colonic  imitation  of  marbla 
Ko.  4.  A  oomwnation  of  Koa.  2  and  3,  repre- 
MaMe  and  nanit^^inlaid  altemstelj,  ahoinng 
u  Sands  oan  DO  made  to  woik  atnglv  or  together, 
IkanAgrgHqgti^  advantage  of  tiiree  diitmct  pattema^ 
«ift  aiil^  two  lati  of  blooka. 

[Iha  oBfM  anqdojod  in  the  niannfSKitare  of  floor- 
iifiodnaad  prine^palljr  in  the  north,  and  in  large 
teaABniiee.  tChe  aiae  of  the  canvaa,  6  yarda 
itt  width,  and  about  100  in  length,  will  oon- 
an  %§tm  of  that  of  the  loom  produdng  it.  The 
of  the  oil  ooloora  and  patterns  is  effected  in 
places.  Prior  to  this,  the  canvas  is  prepared  for 
the  reception  of  the  paint  by  a  coating  of  size.  The 
paint  and  pattern  are  applied  by  hand,  and  the  latter  is 
by  the  usual  process  of  block-printing.] 


254       Natlob,  David,  Manchester — Producer. 

FatflDt  Kidderminster  carpet,  woven  by  a  steam-power 
loom. 


255  Let,  P.,  Victoria  Cottage,  BickingUm,  near 

Barnstaple,  Deton — Producer. 
A  piece  of  needlework  in  floss  silk,  representing  the 
Bible  encircled  with  roses,  with  an  appropriate  motto  in 
gold  letters.  

256  BOTCHKB,  Misses,  2  Ciarendon  Road,  Notting  Ilill^ 

Producers. 

Tafiety  of  Berlin  wool-work. 


257     Kk^'Comb  &  Jones,  Kidderminster,  and  19  Skinner 

Street,   XorKicm—- Manufacturers.      Thos.   PAdi^ 

&  Co.,  opposite  the  Mansion  House,   City — Pro- 

pnetora. 

Model  carpet  of  superior  velvet  pile,  representing  the 

Arms  of  the  Company  of  Mercers,   with  emblazoned 

botder,  &c. 

Velvet  pile  carpet  in  breadths;  design,  "  the  vine  and 
paawinn  flower.'* 

Best  Brussels  carpet,  in  breadths ;  of  a  white  ground  and 
•eroU  chintz. 


258       Nbwtom,  Joneb,  &  Willis,  Temple  Row, 
Birmingham-— Ch\ixc\i  Decorators. 

Bobea,  hoodai,  curtains,  and  veils,  embroidered  in  silk 
and  gold. 

Sititin  damaak  hangings,  woollen  hangingB,  velvet-pile 


259        Oltxi,  Ltdia,  XtftAaare^Mann&otnrer. 
ihnbroidered  ooUar,  atomabher,  and  aleevee. 


260    OsBOBN,  Maiiipa,  4  Bffdnay  Square,  Oommerdai 

AnnI  JBcttl— Ftodnoer. 
"Mary,  Queen  of  Sooti|u  monzninff  over  the  dying 
Douj^^' in  Berlin  wo<d. 


261      PAimics,  AmoE^  JMitmrM, 

Deaigner-aad  MamifiMstnrer. 
A  croohet  table-oorer  in  Berlin  wooL 


262 

Panel  for  a  pNole-aoreen,  embroidared  in  oolonred  ail 
nponiddte  satin* 

Lad/a  dreaa,  embroidered  in  ohetry-oolovred  a^ba, 
upon  white  ailk. 

Cuahion  lor  a  ohair,  embroidBrad  in  oolonred  ailka,  i^on 
wUte  satin.  

263    Pabdos,  Hookams,  &  Pabdoi^  Kiiikrnmster^ 

Mannftctuiera. 

Whytobk's  Patent  tapestry  aafpeting;  in  Bruasela  and 
Telvet  pile.  The  ooloura  are  penaaaently  printed  on  tlia 
worsted  before  it  ia^eWOTen. 

Skein  of  the  worsted.    Piatent  Bedin  ruga. 


264  Pa«bmt  CAMPttzjiB  CoMPAjiT,  A^^Produoers^ 
Tapeatiy :  'newa  of  Windaor  Caatle,  MalTttm  HiHs,  '^ 

265  PAtSNT  UnttCHT  CoMPAjiT,  86  SUward  Street, 

8pit<UIUkb—FrQdu.etn, 
Laoe  onrtatnsi  patent  nlk  laoe  dnaa  and  ourtaina; 
patent  laoe  qttilt,  aOaif,  and  curtaina;  Spaniah  mantilla. 


266  PBiBSK,  ClaAa,  Broad  SlMri,  JB^iM— Deaigner. 
Groehet  bed-quilt,  illnati^ated  with  the  Ten  Command- 
ments in  the  centre,  with  imitation  of  point  lace  border. 

The  designer  14  years  of  age. 

267  Penley,  E.  a.,  St.  Peter's,  Margate — Designer 

and  Manufacturer. 
Silk  patchwork  table-cover. 


26B     Perbt,  Edward,  The  Rev.,  26  PoHland  Place, 

Leamington — ^Producer. 
Scarf  composed  of  British  silk,  being  the  produce  of 
2,000  silk  worms,  which  were  kept  in  an  out-house  at 
Qoodrich,  in  Herefordshire.  The  silk  was  wound  from 
the  cocoons  and  spun  by  Mrs.  Perry  and  her  daughter; 
after  which,  it  vrwi  made  into  the  scarf  now  exhibited. 
The  silk  is  in  its  natural  or  raw  state,  unmanufactiuxsd, 
and  the  colours  of  the  silk  produced  by  the  male  and 
female  worms  are  preserved. 

[In  a  preceding  class  will  be  found  a  brief  notice  of  the 
labours  of  the  late  Bfrs.  Wliitby  to  introduce  the  cul- 
ture of  the  silkworm  into  this  cotmtry.  This  notice 
accompanies  a  banner  entirely  wrought  out  of  silk  pro- 
duced from  worms  bred  in  England.  In  the  present, 
as  in  other  instances  exhibited,  the  same  success  has 
attended  this  art. — H.  E.] 


269      Heald,  Benjamin,  Old  Sidnton,  Nottingham — 

Designer. 
A  design  for  Honiton  lace  flouncings. 


270 
Specimens  of  knitting  by  the  poor  Irish  children  near 

Limerick. 

271        PimjJPS,  Emilt,  166  Bermmdsey  Street, 

Souihwark — Producer. 
"  La  Vendredi:"— eating  meat  on  Friday. 


670 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Centbal  Gallery. 


[United 


272       Phillips,  Rebecca,  Svcanboume,  Wuuhu> — 

Manufacturer. 
Ornamental  linen-thread  pillow-lace. 


273     PiCKTHORN,  Esther,  George  Street,  Hockley,  near 
Birmingham — ^Hanu&cturer. 
Hearth-rug,  raiaed,  in  needlework. 


274    TiZABD  Brothers,  6  Hanway  Street,  Oxford  Street — 

Producers. 
Specimens  of  Irish  pearl  work. 


275    Read  &  Huhphrets,  21  Clare  Street,  Bristol— 

Manufacturers. 
Folding  screen  on  canvas,  worked  in  cross  and  tent 
stitches.     Two  figures  playing  chess. 


276    RisDON,  John,  194  ITigh  St.,  -E!r<?ter— Proprietor. 
Fancy  silk  and  velvet  quilt. 

278  Robinson,  Miss,  Newport  Terrace,  Bolton, 

Lancashire — Designer. 
Group  of  flowers  worked  in  a  new  style,  from  an  oil 
ptdnting,  by  the  exhibitor. 

279  Robinson  &  Wiuson,  Whitehaven — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  carpets. 

280  Rodoers,  John,  &  Son,  Islington,  near  Birmingham 

— ^Manufacturers. 
Purses,  embroidered  in  the  weaving:  such  embroidery 
having  been  previously  done  only  by  hand. 

281  Rolls,  Jabies  &  George,  k  Son,  Lotcer 

Kenninjton  Lane — Manufacturers. 
Piece  of  floor-cloth. 

282  RoLPH,  Jonas,  Coggeshall,  Essex — ^^lanufacturer. 

A  dress  with  two  flounces,  a  fall,  a  berthe,  and  a  lappet, 
in  imitation  of  Brussels  point  lace,  in  tambour- work; 
exhibited  for  workmanship. 

283  RooME,  Ann  Emprinoham,  Beawnont  HUl,  Lincoln 

— Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
South-west  view  of  York  Cathedral,  worked  upon  white 
silk,  with  the  rovings  of  black  lutestring  and  manufac- 
turers* silk.  

284  Royal  Victoria  Astlum  for  the  Blind,  Newcistle- 

upon-Tyne — Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Shawl,  knitted  of  wool.     Queen's  veil,  knitted  in  imi- 
tation of  lace.     Jenny  Lind  veil :  and  baskets.    Manu- 
factured by  the  blind  inmates  of  the  asylum. 

285  Russell,  Sarah  Ann,  Bromsgrove,  near  Worcester 

— Manufacturer. 
Berlin  wool  work.      Subject — Joseph  presenting  his 
father  to  Pharaoh. 


288  Sewell,  Evans,  &  Co.,  44,  45,  k  46  Old  Compton 

Street — Proprietors. 
Straw- work  on  crape»  applicable  to  various  other  fabrics. 
A  patent  Axminstcr  carpet. 

Rich  figured  damask  silk,  brocaded  in  various  colours. 
Plain  moire  antique. 

Figured  damask,  made  in  a  Jacquard  loom. 
Specimens  of  knitting,  &c.,  by  poor  Irish  children. 

289  Shakell,  Maria,  Fanny  &  Edward,  Belle  V»e 

Cottage,  Shirley,  near  Southampton — Producers. 
Needlework :   Scripture  subject,  mounted  in  a  frame 
designed  and  executed  by  E.  Shakell. 

293     Shedden,  Hcoh,  38  Stanhopt:  Street,  Liverpool — 

Manufacturer. 
Royal  standard  of  England,   made  of  bunting,   the 
article  used  for  flags  in  the  marine  service  ;  the  devices 
embroidered  on  tho  whole  cloth,  of  Berlin  wool. 


294     Sheridan,  Peter,  22  and  23  Parliament  Street, 

Dublin — Manufiicturer. 
Brussels  and  Kidderminster  carpeting,  manufactured  at 
23  Pimlico,  Dublin.     Hearth  rugs. 


295        Heald,  Henry,  Old  Sidnton,  near  Nottingham — 

Designer. 
A  design  for  a  black  lace  shawl. 


296      Shirer,  Alexander,  Cheltenham — ^Designer. 

Cut-pile  Brussels  carpet,  foliage  British  oak  with  acom, 
horse-chesnut  leaves  and  blossom,  with  fern  and  palm 
leaves.  Manufeu^ured  by  H.  Brinton  and  Sons,  Kidder- 
minster. 


297     Shor^  Anne  Jane,  Wem,  near  J^^rewsbwy — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Crochet  needlework  silk  shawl  of  new  design,  having 
four  hundred  and  twenty-five  invisible  joinings,  without 
knots. 


298        Shuldam,  Harriet,  Danmanwxy,  Ireland — 

Producer. 
Lace  work. 


299       SiBTHORPE,  Fanny  Louisa,  Limerick,  Ireland — 

Producer. 
Piece  of  Berlin  work,  subject  "  Haddon  Hall  in  the  days 
of  yore ;"  and  the  ' '  Morning  of  the  Chase,"  in  a  carved  oak 
frame. 


301     Sim,  C.  J.,  High  Street,  Bedford— "Manu&ctureir, 
Bedfordshire  pillow-lace. 


302     SiMCOX,  G.  P.,  Kiildenninstcr — ^Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Two  large  finger  worsted  rugs,  containing  the  arms  of 
the  borough  of  Kidderminster. 

Small  sample  of  velvet  carpet,  made  on  the  occasion  of 
the  marriage  of  H.R.H.  the  late  Princess  Charlotte  with 
Prince  Leopold  of  Saxe-Cobourg. 

Registered  pattern  of  double-breadth  second  Brussels. 
Registered  patterns  of  Brussels  velvet,  woven  on  new 
principle. 

Several  coloured  designs  of  carpets  called  the  patent 
beaver,  woven  by  steam-power. 


304     Smith,  Mrs.  Richard,  Bokenden,  Staplehurst, 

Kent — Manufacturer. 
Group  in  wool;   the  Queen,  the  Princess  Royal,  and 
the  Prince  of  Wales. 


307  Stokes,  Stephen,  Kevin  Street  Police  Barrack, 

Dublin — Inventor. 
Table  cover  of  mosaic  cloth-work,  representing  the 
royal  arms;  the  royal  family  at  a  review;  the  capture  of 
the  French  eagle  by  the  royal  dragoons  at  Waterloo;  a 
sketch  from  Ballingarry;  ^'ar  chariot,  &o.;  all  composed 
of  pieces  of  cloth  fine-drawn  together. 

308  SoTTON,  Eliza,  ^ai<is^<mtf— Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
A  fine  white  crochet  bed-quilt,  the  centre  composed  of 
a  group  of  flowers,  above  which  are  three  scriptural  sen- 
tences, in  English,  French,  and  German;  t>elow  the 
centre  are  three  other  scriptural  sentences,  in  Italian, 
Spanish,  and  Latin ;  at  each  side  is  a  scriptural  sentence 
in  English ;  in  the  borders  are  dates  and  allusions  to  th« 
Great  Exhibition,  in  English :  the  whole  finished  with  a 
wide  lace,  and  lined  with  pink  cambric. 


309    Sutherland,  Jankf,  Falkirk,  Scotland — Inventor^ 
Designer,  and  Manufacturer. 
Drawing-room  table-covor,  embroidered  with  Coloured 
satin  on  a  black  satin  square  or  ground;  in  a  new  style { 
the  flowers,  figures,  &c.,  are  formed  and  arranged  without 
the  aid  of  drawings  or  patterns. 


KlSGDOM.] 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &c. 
South  Central  Gallery. 


571 


310       Tamis,  M.  L.  a.,  8  Nelson  Street,  Momington 
CrttoetU,  Camden  Toxcn — Designer  and  Inventor. 
Berlin  wool  needlework. 
Lamp  pillar,  &c. 

312  Tatusb,  Ann  Maria,  Middle  Chinnock — 

Proprietor. 
Historical  piece  of  needlework  in  wool — 3iary  Queen  of 
Scota  weeping  oyer  the  dying  Douglas. 

313  TsNNUON,  Mrs.  M.  A.,  8  Braughton  Place, 

Hackney  Road — Producer. 
Chair  of  papier  machd,  of  the  Elizabethan  style,  inlaid 
with  mother-of-pearl  of  all  colours,   with  cushion  of 
needlework. 

314  Tbtlet,  Mrs.,  BoWm  Place,  Bridge  Street,  Bradford 

— Manufacturer. 

Bed  qtdlt,  embroidered  with  cotton  on  satteen  ground. 
Dedgn,  a  flower  vase  with  wreath  and  Prince  of  Wales's 
plume,  &c. 

Cot  quilt^  embroidered  with  white  floss  silk  on  blue 
ntin.  

315  TsMPLETOii,  J.,  &  Co.,  Glasgow — Manufacturers 

and  Patentees. 

Pitent  Azminster  carpets,  intended  for  drawing-room; 
for  dining-room  or  library;  in  Persian  style,  for  dining- 
room  ordrawing-room;  and  in  Turkey  style,  for  dining- 
room,  &c. 

Carpets  bordered  and  chintz  fitted  for  parlour  or 
drawing-room;  hearth-rugs,  patent  Axminster;  breadth 
earpeting;  stair  or  landSng  carpeting;  Tourney  table 
covers;  {sano  covers;  and  door  or  window  curtains. 

[llieae  carpets,  rugs,  &c.,  are  woven  in  the  loom,  and 
not  tofted  or  knotted  to  the  warp  as  in  the  older  method 
of  making  such  goods.  The  worsted  being  thrown  entirely 
to  the  rar&oe  of  the  fabric,  instead  of  appearing  on  both 

the  material,  and  gives  a  smoother 

>•]        

317  Thwaites,  Mary,  4  Qnndrant  Road,  Lo\rer 

Isliwjton — Proprietor. 
Pine  knitted  thread  ahawl.  ValencieDuea  lace  bonnet. 
Knitted  bonnet  and  panwol.  Kmbroidered  cambric  hand- 
kerchiefs. Cambric  pincuHhion,  with  anus  of  England 
♦-mbn>idered.  Crocliet  <rOyley.  S|>ecimens  of  imitation 
Valenciennea  lace.  Manufactured  by  the  poor  children 
of  Newry. 

318  TrBBFTViLLE,  Smitii,  Boyle,  &  Co.,  9  Great 

Mnrlf>t)nj>i4jh  Street — Producers. 
AxminKter  carpet.     Velvet  pile    tajHistry  carpet,   de- 
uliO^e*!  from  native  flowern.     Brussela  carpet,   of  Elizabe- 
than design,  criniHon  and  oak. 

320      Tbollope,  Rose,  ♦>  Adm  Terrace,  Kcnsiwjton — 

Pnxlueer. 
Folding  screen  of  tai>eHtry  work. 


322       Turner,  \.gsv»,  Sutton  Jtectonj,  Dartford — 

Maniifjicturer. 
Knittoil  laco  scarf,  three  yardrf  long,  and  three  quarters 
wMe. 


323      Uphill,  Mary  Ann,  F-ut/iUi  Bishop^  Sali^hiiry — 

Derfij^ier  and  Manufacturer. 

A  ciusliion  for  the  toilet,  coinpofied  <»f  thread  and  fine 
P'ld  twirtt  of  different  texture.  In  the  centre  of  tliin 
woric  in  intnKluce<l  the  profile  of  Her  >Lijerfty,  Prince 
Alf»ert,  and  all  the  Royal  Family,  with  their  initials. 
Tlic  l»ttnd  n)un<l  the  work  ha**  thin  motto  worked  in  letters 
<»f  lace, — "  Ivon^  live  Vict<»ria  Queen  of  England,  Prince 
AllKTt,  and  all  the  Royal  Family."  The  whole  work  is 
orri;une!it<rd  ^^•ith  the  Crown  of  Kn;!;laiid,  the  Rone  and 
Tlii'*th*.  I>ibh>:ui(i  Sceptre,  and  other  emblemH  of  Royalty. 

Twi^t,  of  iiitlerent  texture,  in  cui<hion  laoe. 

A  laco  iKjarf,  and  a  bafwiuotto  lace  cradle-cover  of 
»inular  manufacture. 


324    Veevers,  Letitia,  Mohill,  County  Leitrim,  Ireland 
— Producer  and  Inventor. 

Articles  manufactured  from  the  fibres  of  plants  and 
flowers,  viz. : — ^From  the  common  nettle,  pocket  handker- 
chiefs trimmed  with  lace  of  the  same  material,  shawls, 
scarf,  bonnet,  parasol,  lace  collar,  and  veil;  from  the 
hemp  nettle,  parasol  and  veil;  from  the  Lavatera,  parasol 
and  veil ;  from  the  honev  plant,  parasol ;  from  the  sweet 
pea,  bonnet  and  lace  collar;  from  the  honeysuckle,  bon- 
net and  lace  collar;  from  the  nasterciimi,  parasol;  from 
the  Keria  japonica,  bonnet;  from  the  marsh  mallow, 
bonnet;  from  silk,  mittens;  from  the  bee  plant,  a  cap. 
Shawl  of  nettles. 

Specimens  of  the  flax  and  threads  from  which  the 
preceding  articles  are  manufactured. 


325    Lawson,  John,  4  Sidmouth  Street,  Orat/s  Inn  Road 

— ^Designer. 
Axminster  hearth-rug,   manufactured    by  Blackmore 
Brothers,  Wilton.     Various  designs  for  caipets.     Speci- 
mens painted  on  ruled  paper  for  the  weaver. 

327    The  Victoria  Felt  Carpet  Company,  8  Love 
Lane,  Wood  Street — ^Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  patent  felt  carpeting.  Printed  and 
embossed  table-covers,  felt.  Embossed  window  curtains, 
felt.     Fine  cloth,  felt. 

Manufactured  at  Leeds,  and  printed  in  London. 


328  Vincent,  Samuel,  Turvey,  near  Olney,  Bucks — 

Manufacturer. 
Bedford  and  Buckinghamshire  pillow-lace,  veils,  lace 
collars,  and  lace.     Name  and  address  in  letters,  formed 
of  lace.     Lace,  pillow  and  bobbins,  by  which  the  lace  is 
worked.  

329  VoKEB,  Frederic  S.  T.,  9  Hope  Cottages,  Cottage 

Grove,    Bedford    New    Road,    Clapham    Rise — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Superfine  scarlet  cloth  table-cover,  braided  with  up- 
wards of  2,000  yards  of  black  mohair  cord,  executed  with- 
out patteniH  or  pouncing,  on  a  new  principle. 

330  Haves,  Eleanor  Jane,  24  Richmoml  Terrace,  L'ast 

Street,  Walurorth — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Picture.^  composed  of  needlework  and  steel  beads : — The 
successful  deer-stalkers  of  the  Highlands.  Three  chorister 
boys.  The  royal  arms  of  England.  Two  country  girls 
(seated  in  a  shrubbery).  The  Last  Supper.  The  novelty 
of  these  articles  consist  in  their  being  of  needlework,  and 
forming  a  surface  of  gla^,  representing  figures,  animals, 
and  foliage.  

334  Ward,  Anne,  Colerainr,  Ireland — Designer  and 

Executor. 
Specimens  of  needlework.  View  of  "  The  Giant's 
Causeway ;"  an  "  Italian  scene,"  by  Veniet ;  and  an  "Arctic 
scene."  The  p^oundwork  is  linen  in  the  first  view,  and 
lutestring  in  the  others.  The  work  is  an  imitiition  of  lino 
engraN-ing,  and  the  material  employed,  cotton  and  silk 
thread. 

335  Wasubourn,  Ann,  Great  yfarlovc,  Bucks — 

Manufacturer. 
A  muslin  small  dress  over  a  blue  slip,  embroidered. 
A  boy's  embroidered  muslin  dress.     A  child's  frock. 


330    Waterhouse,  Emma  Isabkijjl  &  Maria  Adelaide, 

Clarerinmt  Cott'Uje,  LofujJJrjvuwjU  lioad,  Brixton — 
Makers. 
Crochet  countcri>anc,  12  feets^iuare,  worked  in  Strutt's 
cotton,  representing  a  variety  of  flowers;  the  eentre  of 
the  counteiiKine  a  cluster  of  roses  encircled  with  a  wreath 
of  flowers  and  leaves;  the  insertion  c<»m{K)Hed  of  a  v^Teath 
of  lilies,  entwined  round  a  ])ole;  at  the  four  ct)nui-s  arc 
a  trumjK't  flower,  a  rose,  a  eonvolvolus,  an<l  a  wihl  ms**; 
finishe<l  off  with  a  deep  e<lpng.  The  patterns  were  all 
(loi4igne<l  by  Wilks,  Iti'f^'ent  StnM?t. 


572 


Class  19.— TAPESTBY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS, 

South  Central  Gallery. 


[Ukited 


337     Watson,  Bell  &  Co.,  35  &  36  Old  Bond  Street— 
Manufacturers  and  Importers. 

Extra  superfine  Axminster  carpet,  designed  by  Le^is 
Qruner,  Esq.,  exhibited  by  Her  M^'esty  the  Queen.  The 
design  of  this  carpet  is  represented  in  the  accompanying 
lithograph  drawing. 

Carpet  in  the  renaissance  style,  designed  by  John 
LawAon. 

Carpet  in  the  Louis  Quatorze  style,  designed  by 
M.  Brandeley. 

A  superfine  Axminster  carpet  in  the  Italian  style  and 
colouring,  designed  by  James  Crabb. 

A  fine  Axmmster  carpet,  in  the  Persian  stylo  and 
colouring,  adapted  for  dining-rooms.  All  manu&cturod 
by  Blackmore  Brothers. 

Superfine  velvet  bordered  carpet,  crimson  and  chintz 
designed  by  John  Lawson. 

Brussels  carpet,  bordered,  in  the  Persian  style,  applica- 
ble to  rooms  of  any  size,  at  the  ordinary  cost  of  Brussels 
carpet. — Designed  by  John  Arbuthnot,  and  manufactured 
by  Watson  &  Co.,  Kidderminster. 

Carpets  manufactured  in  the  province  of  Masulipatam, 
and  imiM>rted  from  Madras. 

Real  Turkey  carpets,  manufactured  at  Ushak,  in  the 
province  of  Aidin,  and  imported  from  Smyrna. 


338  Watson  &  Son,  Kidderminster — ^Manufacturers. 
A  variety  of  carpets. 

339  Wauch  &  Son,  3  &  4  Ooodge  Street — Designers. 
Royal  velvet  pile  cari>et,  purple  ground.   An  allegorical 

design  for  a  caq^t  for  a  Royal  palace. 

341      Wells,  B.  W.,  Windmill  Lane,  Cambencell 

— ^Manufacturer. 
Registered  floor-cloth,  the  pattern  being  an  imitation 
of  Berlin  wool  work,  printeil  in  gold  and  lake  colours. 

343      White,  Son,  &  Co.,  78  Watling  Street,  and 
108  Cheapskk — Proprietors. 
Kidderminster,  cut  pile  Brussels,  velvet  pile  tape^tr}', 
and  square  velvet  pile  carpets.     Printed  oloth  table- 
covers.     Silk  worsted  damasks. 


345     Whitwell,  John,  &  Co.,  Kemlal — Designers 

and  ManufifM^urers. 
Kidderminster  carpeting.  Twilled  Venetian  carpet, 
woven  in  a  power-loom,  and  with  variety  of  colour  and 
texture.  Improved  Brussels  cai-pet,  with  new  arrange- 
ment for  pile  and  texture.  Berlin  hearth-rug,  now 
design  and  material. 

347     Whitney,  E.,  Cleveland  Place,  Bath — Designer. 

Embroidered  lady^s  apron.     Coat  of  arms  in  needle- 
work. 


349  Williams,  Lady  Qriffin,  Murlborow/h — Producer. 
''The  Last  Supper,"  from  the  painting  by  Leonardo  da 

Vinci,  worked  in  German  wool  and  floss  silk. 

350  Wilson,  Anne,  Ihtcnj^trich,  Ireliml — 

Maiuifacturer. 
Fancy  work  in  wool — subject,  **Shipi^Tecked  sailor;"  in 
which  new  stitches,  iuvented  by  the  exhibitor,  are  intro- 
duce<l  to  give  effect  to  different  parts  of  the  picture. 


351     Wilson,  J.  &  W.,  Bann'tcfMrn,  Stirling,  Scotland 

— Manufacturers. 

Brussels  carpeting. 

Su(>erfine  Scotch  carpeting. 

Venetian  stair  carpeting. 

In  the  specimen  of  Scotch  caqxjt  ticketed  No.  1,  only 
r>3*i  caiils  in  the  Jacquard  loom  ait*  usetl,  while  the  effect 
of  three  different  imttems  can  be  produced ;  the  pattern 
bfing  HO  dosiKnofl  that  it  can  be  made  up  into  three  ciu*- 
pet-*<,  diffoitsnt  from  one  another  in  (mttern. 

No.  2  is  a  fourth  vmicty  of  pattern. 

No.  1,  the  same  carcU  bouig  uso<l,  but  differently 
arr.uiged. 


352    Wood,  Henbt  &  Thomas,  22  Watling  Street— 

Proprietors. 

Printed  and  embossed  cloth  table^overs.    Printed  all 
over  cloth. 

Brussels  carpet. 


354       Woodward,  B.  Hiogins,  Kidderminster — 

Manufacturer. 

Large  velvet  pile  carpet,  in  the  ornamental  style.  This 
species  of  carpeting  is  capable  of  being  made  to  any 
required  length  or  width,  and  in  varied  colourings,  to 
correspond  with  other  fmniture:  and  can  be  produced  at 
the  ordinary  price. 

Specimens  of  the  same  pattern  in  Brussels  quality,  and 
varied  colourings,  showing  its  adaptation  to  the  style  of 
any  room,  with  border  for  the  same. 

Specimens  of  various  colourings  of  the  "oak  branch," 
in  iSrussels  quality. 

Specimen  sketched  from  the  Acada^  in  Brussels  quality. 

Specimen  of  wool  netting,  for  traj  oovers. 


355      Woodward,  Henry,  &  Co.,  Church  Street, 
KuUlerminstcr — ^Manufacturen. 

Carpets: — Velvet  pile,  ruby  ground,  with  stems  and 
chintz  flowers,  and  border  surrounding  it,  for  dntwing- 
room  floors. 

Brussels  pile,  arabesque  pattern,  for  dining-room  floon, 

Brussels  pile,  scroll  on  a  rich  crimson  ground,  for 
dining-room  floors. 

Velvet  pile,  ivy  leaves  and  stems,  lying  on  moaa  and 
wild  weeds,  for  stairs  and  corridors. 

All  registered  designs. 


356    WooLCocK,  Catherine,  13  New  Oufft^e  IHreet, 
Portman  Square — Mantifketnrer. 
Banner  screen.    Design,  the  arms  of  ^Ebgland,  anr- 
rounded  with  drapery,  and  intersected  with  Draoches  of 
olive ;  with  pendant  wreaths  of  the  roae,  shamrook,  and 
thistle,  crocheted  with  silk  in  numerous  ookran. 


357  Wratislaw,  Matilda  Emily,  Hughy,  Warwi^^ire 
— Designer  and  Manufiictarer. 
Cap,  worked   in  crochet  in  imitation  of  pcnnt  laoe; 
design,  rose,  trefoil,  and  thistle. 


358     Wrigut,  Crump,  &  Crane,  Kiddermmtter — 

Manufacturers. 

Velvet  pile,  dining-room,  drawing-room,  and  boudoir 
caq)ets,  bonlered  complete. 

Brussels  carpets,  for  dining  and  drawing  rooma. 

Stair  carpets. 

3G1     TuRTON,  S.,  19  Prospect  Place,  Radford,  iwnr 

Notthigham — Designer. 
Designs  for  lace-curtains  to  be  made  on  single-tior 
machine,  size  about  10  feet  by  7  feet.  The  portion  marked 
off*  near  the  top  of  the  curtain  repeated  twice  on  the 
machine,  making  the  length  of  lace  about  15  feet.  With 
other  designs  for  lace  work. 


305  Roberts,  Mrs.,  TJtwfcy— Producer. 

A  knitted  countorjuuie. 


307    Chaplin,  Charles,  2  Providence  Place,  Prwpcci 

Jiow,  Wociwich — Inventor. 
Table-cover,  or  bod-quilt,  containing  3,230  pieces,  and 
127  skeinB  of  silk.     Made  by  the  exhibitor. 

371     Smith  &BABER,  Knijhtsbridgc—lnYmkUan, 
Designers,  and  Manufacturera. 

Floor  cloth,  in  imitation  of  ancient  tesselatod  pave- 
ments ;  comprising  a  centre  and  borders,  being  copies  of 
Roman  jmvemonts  discovered  in  England. 

Floor  cloths,  copy  of  Roman  tesselated  pavement  dis- 
covered in  England,  and  in  stylo  of  Honum  teasolatoil 
l>avemont. 


L/vCE  ASn  EMBROIDERY,  &c. 
SiiUTii  Cestbai,  Cai.i.eiiv. 


(72    BebN'^***;, ^wwJM«GiMn!.C..rt.    AVrt,uj„«. 
Knitt.-.!  -iiiilt  rot  fctaWtwIb.  S^HkI  big.  Eihibito.l 


:i8."i       Dati-kv,  Eliza,  P.iij.'h— iruiiifiictunT. 
Wool-work,  in  Ulit-iiUteli  —  "  Sir  W'altur  Scott  unci 

Hpedmu  of  fiuMf  vtf^t^i^  in  UnUtitoh-Mwa 


Kl!?ODOH,] 


LACE  AND  EMBROIDERY,  &c. 
South  Central  Gallery. 


573 


372    Bernard,  Hon.  Jane  Grace,  Cork,  Killrogan, 
BandoHf  Ireland — Producer. 
Knitted  quilt  for  a  baby's  crib.  Knitted  bag.  Exhibited 
on  behalf   of  the   workers,  the   children   of  Killrogan 
parochial  school,  Bandon. 


373       Prior,  Rev.  H.  E.,  Lucan,  Dublin— Froducer. 

Specimens  of  Irish  lace,  the  work  of  the  Lucan  Indus- 
trial School. 


374    West,  C.  Mart,  1  Broiufham  Terrace,  Kiwjstoum, 
fhMm — Designer,  Inventor,  and  Manufacturer. 

Scarf  of  black  lace,  embroidered  in  a  new  style,  in 
Deccan  silk  of  different  colours,  interspersed  with  wings 
of  the  Indian  beetle. 

Flounces  for  ladies'  dress,  of  same  materials  and  work. 


375      Bates,  Jemima,  Great  Dover  Street,  Sttrretf — 

Designer. 
Specimens  of  needlework  upon  machine  net;  handker- 
chief; infant's  cap. 

377  Dalrtmple,  Mart  Elizabeth,  37  CosehUl  Street, 

Eaton  Sqttare — Inventor  and  Producer. 
Table-cover  of  fawn-coloured  cloth,  embroidered  with 
chenille;  flowery  pattern.     An  embroidered  quilt. 

378  Fancodrt,  Catherine,  Grimsthorpe,  near  Bourne — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Fancy  bed-quilt. 

379  Ladt  BflATORsss  (1850),  and  150  Ladies  of  Great 

Britain  the  executants.  The  design  by  John 
W.  Pap  worth,  Esq.,  Great  Marlborough  Street; 
the  patterns  painted  bv,  and  the  work  executed 
under  the  superintenaence  of,  W.  B.  Simpson, 
West  Strand. 

A  Berlin  wool  carpet^  30  feet  long  and  20  feet  wide, 
worked  in  detached  squares,   which  have  been  subse- 

Suently  joined  t<^ther  to  form  the  complete  design.  An 
liutration  of  a  hranch  of  manufacture  which  may  afford 
i*j  itf»  fxocutant.s  a  recoini>onso  more  H})er!il  than  they  can 
obtiiin  in  morft  other  sorts  of  needlework. 

Thiu  manvifivcturo  nuiy  also  ai»[)ly  to  the  entire  decora- 
ti«»n  of  a  r»x>m,  as  tapestrj',  funiitiire,  &c.  The  initials 
of  the  executuits  form  the  ornament  of  the  outi^ido 
b<»rder.  The  whole  desii^n  is  eonnected  by  wre^iths  or 
baii'L*  of  leaves  and  foliage,  the  centre  ^oup  representing 
the  f'tttrv  from  whence  they  hxive  been  distributed. 

r.irt  of  the  patterns  of  the  IJerlin  wool  caq>t»t  exhi- 
bit<*<i  by  Her  Majesty.  The  whole  design  is  p.dnted  in 
ofic  pie<'e  JVH  a  j»ict»jre;  on  being  Hulxlividetl  the  wpiares 
have  the  thr».-a«l  lines  ]»nnted  upon  them.  15y  this  aminge- 
iiient  the  s<*tting  out  the  pattern  or  second  painting  on 
ivjuare<l  pa|K'r  from  a  picture  first  made  is  rendered 
unnecejwAT}'. 

'>HO       Stokes,  Stephen,  4  li  irt/i<>lnnir>r  close — 

DesigiuT  and  Inventor. 
Ilittle  of  CJrand  Cairo  in  needlework,  ten  feet  liy  forty. 
Arnaig  the  various  figures,  Napole«m  15uonap;irte  is  most 
pr»miiieat. 

.'IS'J     BraYSH.vw,  John,  11h  C/ityh  SV.rtY,   L'iw^,i^trr — 

IVotlucrr. 
f'otmteq«\ne  of  mosaic  noi»«llework,  12  feet  long  by 
r'fe»'t  wide.  tli\  i. led  into  I  I  e«»inj»,irtnients,  e.urh  repre- 
»i.»Titing  a  J^•l•ul;u•  jtrint,  worked  »ip  of  coloured  picves  of 
rh'th.  witii'.ut  e<>l< Hiring  m;vttA;r  ;  with  scroll  on  the 
\-  I  \'T.  'if  n»\v  (li'ijn. 

'.\^  \  \io<y.,   r.l.IZAIM:TH.   <>.rfnr'l — Designer. 

r!ie\.il  <^  reen.  in  nee«llework,  conveiiible  into  a  chcss- 
t.iMe,  with  a  Worked  top. 

,'l**4  Kiddle,  Jo><HrA,  .V /(-Inventor. 

W»%e!i  ciishi'»n,  C'>mpl«'ted  in  tin-  l(M)m  without  the 
aa  1  "f  noc  llework;  figured  on  l)»)th  side^. 


385  Oatley,  Eliza,  Devizea — Manufacturer. 

Wool-work,  in  tent-stitch  —  '*  Sir  Walter  Scott  and 
family." 

Specimen  of  fancy  needlework,  in  tent-stitch — samo 
subject. 

386  Gux,  WiujAH  Lewis,  ColyUm,  Axmmster — 

Manufacturer. 

Honiton  lace: — Portion  of  an  original  design,  intended 
for  the  flounce  made  for  Her  Majesty. 

Portion  of  a  new  design  for  a  scarf. 

Collars  in  various  designs. 

Colyton  chromatic  silk  berthe,  made  on  the  pillow. 

Silk  lappet,  designed  from  the  Alhambra,  made  on  tho 
pillow. 

Lace  scarf,  berthe  and  sleeves. 

Patterns  of  lace. 


387  Chinchen,  Ann,  Swanage,  Dorset — Producer. 

Fancy-work  in  straw  plait,  manufactured  by  the  hand, 
at  Swanage;  and  used  for  making  hats,  bonnets,  and 
baskets. 

388  Aters,  Wiujam,  Newport  Pagnell,  Bucks — 

Producer. 
Specimens  of  Buckinghamshire  pillow-lace  pieces. 

389  Barclay,  Helen,  Tongue,  by  Golspie,  near  Aberdeen 

— Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  stair  carpet,  shaded,  having  six  native 
coloiurs ;  of  carpet,  tartan  pattern,  having  one  native  and 
two  purchased  dyes;  and  of  knitted  hearth-rug,  heather 
pattern,  having  three  native  and  one  purchased  dyes;  all 
of  Sutherland  wool.  Specimen  of  knitted,  white,  figured 
bed-curtains.  Counterpane  and  toilet-cover,  of  kmtted 
cotton  thread.     Knitted  white  thread  window-shade. 

Knitted  worsted  shawl,  Victoria  pattern ;  Sutherland 
wool,  native  dye.  Cravat,  "  Sutherland  Cat"  pattern,  of 
same  wool,  natural  colours.  Card,  with  samples  of  native 
dyes  in  wool,  &c. 

Specimens  of  mattress,  made  of  drift  sponge,  found  on 
the  shores  of  Tongue. 

Specimens  of  the  i*aw  materials  of  native  dyes : — 1 .  Cro- 
tal,  or  stone  rag  dying  bro>\'u,  re^iuiring  no  nionlant, 
very  dm*able,  and  found  in  abun<lance  on  tho  rocks, 
stones,  trees,  &c.  2.  Kue,  or  the  root  of  a  strong  grassy 
plant,  found  in  the  sandbanks  along  tho  shore,  dyeing 
orange,  light  or  deep,  and  ret^uiring  no  mordant. 

[In  a  country  like  this,  afl  well  aa  over  tho  Highlands 
genendly,  where  there  is  a  suiKjrAbundanco  of  female 
labour,  the  extension  of  domestic  manufacture  l)ocomea 
of  considerable  im[)ortance,  and  the  using  of  tho  native 
dyes,  particularly  tho  crotal  an<l  tho  rue,  contribute  (as 
showni  in  the  specimens  exhibited)  to  the  sources  of 
employment  for  the  people,  and  constitute  a  consideniblo 
annual  saving  in  the  purch.'we  of  tho  dyes,  where  a  j>eoplo 
manufacture,  as  they  do  there,  tho  wool  of  their  own 
sheep  for  clothing,  &c. 

There  ai'o  many  wiM  phuits,  natives  of  Great  Britain, 
which  furnish  valuable  dyes  and  colouring  matter  of 
great  brilliiuicy;  few  of  these  have  found  their  way  into 
commerce.  The  "crotal"  mentioned  by  the  exhibitor  is 
a  lichen,  one  of  many  i^>//ft<-/>ithic  plants  allie<l  to  tho 
orchil  lichens,  abounding  in  Scotland  and  elsewhere  in  the 
British  Islands,  and  very  capahle  of  being  turned  to  good 
account.  The  "drift  sponge"  used  for  matrassing  is  the 
IfitUrh-nt,!,  ii  ucnl'itii,  a  true  sponge,  cast  on  shore  plenti- 
fully on  many  parts  of  our  coiist,  both  north  and  south, 
but  not  hithei-to  aipplied  to  any  useful  puqujse. — E.  F. ) 

:V,}0        JaCKSOV  &  (JUAH  VM.     17  &  08   O.rfnnl  Strdt— 

lVod;;e«*rs. 
London  carjx't ;  tli(?  Imrdrr  f'»nned  by  pnlin  h»aves  and 
flowei's;  shields  with  fi  uit  in  e;u'Ii  omer;  gr- »up  of  tlowei-s 
in  tho  centi-e;  juid  lill.' 1  up  with  crimson  scrolls  «»n  ma- 
rone  ground. 


574 


Class  19.— TAPESTRY,  CARPETS,  FLOOR  CLOTHS,  LACE,  EMBROmEBY,  &c. 

South  Central  Gallbby. 


Carpet,  of  Moresque  design. 

Carpet,  with  flower  upon  dark  marone  ground,  border 
in  panels,  and  medallions,  with  arabesque  scrolls  and 
flowers. 

Specimens  of  velvet  pile  carpets .  Patent  tapestry  velvet 
carpet  and  border;  design,  orchidaceous  plants  upon  dark 
green  ground.    Carpet, — roses  upon  dark  marone  ground. 

London  rugs. 

Carpet  loom  at  work.     {North  Transept), 


391     Tawton,  Mart,  9  Union  Street,  PlymoutK-- 
Manufacturer  and  Designer. 

Child's  cloak,  braided^  embroidered,  and  interspersed 
with  open  work. 

Its  novelty  consists  in  the  introduction  of  open  work 
into  French  merino;  exhibited  for  the  style  of  braiding, 
the  embroidery,  and  the  difficulty  of  execution.  The 
open  woik,  idmough  having  the  appearance  of  insertion, 
is  worked  in  the  same  material. 


392    Penlet,  E.  a.,  Groioe  noiue,  St,  Peter's,  Margate 
— ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Silk  patch-work  table  cover,  box  pattern,  containing 
upwards  of  2,000  pieces,  and  500,000  stitches. 


393  Peabse,  C,  ^a^A — ^Designer  and  Executor. 

Quilt  in  white  crochet,  with  ^e  Ten  Commandments 
worked  in. 

394  Bbnnoch,  Twentyman,  &  Rigg,  77  Wood  Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Black  and  coloured  ribbons.  Shoe  ribbons  and  ferrets. 
Silk  handkerchiefs. 

For  dresses,  mantles,  &o.: — Cameo,  lace,  and  self- 
quilling  trimmings.     Fancy  braids. 

Silk  fringes,  pLiin,  glac^,  Naples,  and  fancy  headings. 
Bullion  fringes,  plain  and  fancy  headings.  Silk  gimps 
and  cords.     Qirdles. 

Qimp,  strand,  and  Naples  cord  on  bobbins,  for  manu- 
factiu-ing  purposes.  Silk  and  cotton  wire  fur  bonnets. 
Silk  laces  for  boots. 


Sewing-silk,  for  the  use  of  tailors  and  milliners. 

Silk  twist,  in  balls  and  on  spools,  for  the  use  of  tailors. 

Netting-silk,  for  purses,  hair  nets,  kc. 

395  Beavis,  J.,  27  Mint  Street,  Borough — ^ManufBcturers. 
.    A  hearth  rug.    

396  Heal  &  Son,  Tottenham  Court  Boad-^ 

Manufacturers. 

A  crimson  satin  eider-down  quilt,  with  white  satin 
border,  embroidered  in  colours.  (This  quilt  is  represented 
in  the  accompanying  Plate  141.) 

Duv^t  in  blue  and  gold  silk,  filled  with  eider-down,  to 
lay  across  the  foot  of  a  bed. 


398  Szaffeld,  Leah,  4  Dean  Street,  Fuubury  Sq 

Producer. 

Portrait  of   Her  Majesty  and  His   Royal    Highni 
Prince  Albert,  in  Berlin  wool  work. 

Cartoon:  subject,  "The  finding  of  Motes  in  the  bull- 
rushes,"  in  Berlin  wool  work. 

399  HiNDLET  &  Sons,  134  Oxford  Street— Detagoen 

and  Manufijcturers. 
Rich  velvet  carpeting.    English  hand-wrought  carpets, 
Turkish  style.    Orientol  carpets. 

400  Bentinck,  Colonel  Henrt,  for  Bobest  PAuna 

— Producer. 
A  table-cloth,  showing,  in  embroidery,  the  Royal  Arms, 
and  different  devices,  made  by  Robert  Palmer,  a  private 
soldier  of  the  1st  battalion  Coldstream  Guards. 

403    Underwood,  W.,  1  Vere  Street,  Oxford  Street — 

Manufacturer, 

Heraldic  tapestry  hanging,  being  a  new  implication  of 
heraldry  to  tapestry,  hangings,  portieres.  Sec.  The  Royal 
Arms  in  the  centre  can  be  replaced  by  those  of  any  other 
family. 

Tapestry  hangings  of  silk  and  worsted  combined.  The 
design  composed  from  the  artichoke  and  its  foliage, 
adi^ted  for  hangings  and  portieres.  {North  Central  Oai- 
lery.) 


in.  cuMfOK  uim  KiEm  Dom  odilt,  win  wnm  umt 


y 


ARTICLES  OF  GLOTHIKG,^  FOB  IMMEDIATE,  PEBSOKAl 
OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 


INTRODDCTIOH. 


trp'**—**,  tooMtni  in  ito  Ndal  idatkna,  thia  CUm  reqnfaM  but  ■  dwrt  jnUUirj  notta^ 
■■  It  doM  arUcta,  whiA  the  nqmnmeots  of  AUj  life  hara  nnderad  (iuniliar  to  OTciy  penon ;  itfll, 
t  mpeot.  It  bai  ita  interat.    nwediiig  CImm*  have  nfinted  to  Om  pnidaottan  m  wtuit  m^  to 
ripiiliil  m  the  imw  material  of  cHoQaag,  the  pnaent  Claaa  appean  aa  tba  roprcamtaliTe  of  tho  mom  advanood 
aUaa  tti  mannfiuton  to  iriiich  ooOoa,  flax,  ailk,  and  woollai  gooda  an  carried,  in  tbait  adaptation  to  penooal 

._  . •'evm.    Hm  nnwiDOf^t  nestaUe  oc  animal  fibra  baa  toon  pveaented  tonotioei  toliaBqnaitly  IIm 

l^irhkliitwaaoperaediipaninawbotoTy;  after  thia,  the  raodnct  ctf  tto  mann&ctnnr ;  and,  m  tt - 


■toatfap.  ita  ^^toatiao  to  tboae  wants  for  the  ntp^;  of  whScli  the  flhie  UaaU  ia  ftiiidially 

lbs  title  ot  die  CIsm  will  •ogseat  tlie  mnlti&rtoDa  otjeda  wUoh  bU  natonllr  within  ibi  oommdwdn 
■  bri^  The  SnMTIaana  ve  aa  followa : — A.  Hata,  Ci^  and  Bcameti,  of  variooa  tnatarial« ;  B.  Boukj,  at 
CWla^  WaoDen,  and  Bnk;  C.  Olorea,  (tf  Leather  and  othnr  materiala ;  D.  Boota,Bhoea,andLaata;  E.  Under 
CloOlfBCi  r.  Upper  Clothing. 

In  ttsBidldtng  thoaewlio  an  ^edaUv  inteierted  in  tbeae  artldee  will  meet  with  tbcm  diiplq«d  in  amie^ 
of  CMai,  and  in  othw  w^a,  in  the  Santa  Tnuaept  Oallerr. 

na  naanbctoriM  of  honeiy,  itiaw  pl^t,  and  boota  and  dioea,  have  a  looal  eatabliahmeat  in  thia  ooimtrj 
which  ia  deeerring  of  attcotioD  ;  th&t  of  Iwiery  is  principal]^  confined  to  Derby,  Nottiniibam,  and  Leicester. 
Cotton  honeiy  ia  chiefly  msdo  in  Nottinahom,  as  also  is  tixe  silk  hosiery  ;  the  latter  bein^  likewise  largely 
ondncted  in  Derby.  Woollen  hoaiery  is  moat  exteDBlvely  produced  in  Leicestershire.  ITie  alatiatics  of  these 
trades  have  been  rarefnlly  prepared  and  are  very  inleresting.  The  annual  value  of  cotlon  hosiery  is  Uken  at 
e80,00(X. ;  that  of  worsted,  &c.  is  870,0001.  ;  and  of  silk  241,O0W.  In  the  manufacture  of  these  goods  it  is 
(stimsted  that  4,&64,000  lbs.  of  raw  cotton  wool  are  used— «, 3 18,000  lbs.  of  English  wool  nnil  140,000  lbs.  of 
ailk.  The  total  number  of  perstxis  deriving  support  from  this  msnuracture  is  about  73,000,  and  about 
1,060,000(.  of  floating  capital  ia  coutddcred  to  be  employed  in  the  various  branches  of  the  trade. 

The  mannfactnre  of  straw-plait  is  carried  on  chiefly  at  St.  Albans,  Dunstable,  Tring,  and  a  few  other  places. 
Tiiat  of  boots  and  ehoea  is  conducted  on  a  very  large  scale  at  Northainpton,  from  which  place  vast  quantities  of 
these  articles  are  sent  out  ready  for  wear.  Worcester,  Dundee,  and  Woodstock  are  celebrated  for  their  glove 
manafactniM. 

It  is  interesting  to  notice  among  the  variety  of  objects  exhibited  in  Ibia  Class,  the  ingenious  and  patient 
eflbrts  made  to  apply  to  economical  purposes,  materials  derived  either  from  the  vcpotable  or  animal  kingdoms. 
New  uses  of  known  materiala  are  shown — and,  more  imjiortantly,  the  use  of  new  niateriala.  The  introduction 
of  such  materiala  ia  always  slow  and  difficult,  but  is  ultimately  certain,  if  thcynre  fo\md  to  fulfil  the  indicationa 
which  are  considered  as  first  requisites  in  a  substance  to  bo  used  by  the  manufacturer. — R.  T,. 


1  Bncuiism.  Wuxux,  &  Co.,  3A'<w  Burlington 

Street —  Dnicners. 
Court  mit,  in  detail ;  proponed  ss  a  subgtituts  for  that 

Chaoo,  M  at  preHQt  worn  by  infantry  of  the  line. 

New  b«*d-draaa  fur  infantry  of  the  lino,  adapted  to 
variooa  climatv;  fitting  tn  the  head  with  equable  pros- 
■are,  and  with  adjiutiiig  veatilator,  proposed  sa  S  sut>- 
atitals  for  Uie  cluco  now  in  use. 

UDdrass  etKt  for  offlcen  of  the  line,  proposed  ss  a  sut>- 
•titirts  for  the  shell  Jacket. 

2  ttmn,  Foma,  &  Co.,  il  »«J  Street,  CheapMe— 
Hanubctureis. 

of  Ikwn-akia  and  cmh  driving  gloves  sod 
Flum^e  plush,  regal  relvet,  patent  plush 


taffeta,  and  other  new  fabrics  in  gloves  sad  ^untleta. 
Lace  mitlB,  machine  made.  Silk  luilf-hoes,  emoroidered 
by  band.  Polka  jacket*,  in  new  ahapoe  and  patterns, 
made  by  machineir,  and  very  aupcrior  in  Gniah  to  those 
made  by  hand.  specimeDS  of  children's  hooda,  boots, 
bootakins,  and  gaitera.  Samples  of  Scotch  hoaieiy,  of 
superior  texture  and  finish, 

[Gloves  are  of  great  antiquity  in  thia  island,  ss  the 
word  is  evidently  derived  from  the  Anglo-Saxon  "glot." 
They  are  not  mentionod  in  Scripture  ;  but  were  in  use 
among  the  Komsna  in  the  time  uf  Pliny  the  youogw. 
Xenophon  etatea,  that  their  use  among  Uie  Peniana,  was 
considered  a  proof  of  their  luxurious  habits.  Qlovea 
have  had  msny  symbolical  meanings.    The  gooutlet,  or 


[OmasL  UiDBTBATn)  Cstsimiiik.] 


3  Y 


576 


Class  20.— ARTICLES  OP  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[United 


glove,  thrown  down,  was  a  mode  of  challenge  ;  and  still 
is  practised  as  one  of  the  forms  at  a  royal  coronation. 
Queen  Elizabeth,  it  is  well  known,  was  very  fond  of 
gloves,  of  which  numerous  presents  were  made  to  her. 
White  gloves  are  also  presented  to  the  Judges  on  occasion 
of  a  maiden  assize,  the  exact  significance  or  origin  of 
which  practice  has  never  been  satisfactorily  explained. 
Leather  gloves  are  now  made  at  Worcester,  Yeovil, 
Woodstock,  and  London;  and  were  formerly  made  at 
Leominster  and  Ludlow,  but  the  trade  in  the  latter  places 
is  quite  decayed.]  | 

3      Taylor,  William  George,  285  Regent  Street — 

Proprietor. 

Balbriggan  lace-stockings,  of  fine  texture  and  elaborate 
patterns.  Balbriggan  stocldngs,  of  the  full  size,  weighing 
9  ounces. 

Lambs-wool  stockings,  knitted  by  the  hand  at  Ballin- 
dine.  Mayo,  Ireland. 

Specimens  of  hand-knitting,  in  hosiery,  bv  children  at 
Ballindine,  exhibited  for  regularity  and  workmanship. 


4  Hall,  J.  Sparres,  308  Regent  Street — Manufacturer. 
Elastic  stocking-net  boots,  elastic  webbing,   and  im- 
proved elastic  materials  for  boots  and  shoes. 

5  Peart  &  Dossetor,  12  and  13  Poultry — Inventors. 
Four-threads  cotton  glove  half-hose.     Patent  Angola 

mnd  silk  glove  half-hose. 

Ladies'  four-thread  glove  hose.  Black  and  white  silk 
glove  hose. 

Cotton  and  woollen  drawers,  with  elastic  ribbed  cotton 
gussets. 

Railroad  caps  and  protectors.  Improved  nightcaps. 
Silk  shirt  fleeced,  for  rhemnatism.  Fine  real  Welsh 
flannel.  Silk  and  Segovia  half -hose.  Improved  worsted 
braces,  with  broad  shoulder-plates. 

6  Pope  &  Plaste,  4  Waterloo  Place,  Pall  Mall — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  hosiery.  Beaver  fur  stockings,  and  scarf, 
made  on  the  hosiery  frame. 

Registered  elastic  netted  corsets,  of  silk  and  caoutchouc. 
Elastic  netted  belt,  stockings,  socks,  leggings,  and  knee- 
caps.    Cotton  and  silk  stockings,  and  other  apparel. 

7  Nevill,  J.  B.  &  W.  &  Co.,  1 1  Oresham  Street  West— 

Manufacturers. 

Men's  cotton  half-hose;  striped  various,  made  prin- 
cipally for  export;  striped  red  and  blue,  superior  colour 
and  manufacture  ;  and  made  colours. 

Women's  white  linen  thread  hose,  and  men's  linen 
thread  half-hose,  made  from  Irish  flax. 

Gentlemen's  imitation  silk  thread  half-hose  and  caps, 
solid  colours;  and  cotton  half- hose,  pink. 

Ladies'  imitation  silk  thread  hose,  fine,  very  fine,  and 
coloured;  the  same,  open-worked  very  fine,  and  cotton 
improved  pattern. 

Gentlemen's  open-worked  caps  for  warm  climates  and 
summer  wear. 

Ladies'  white  cotton  hose  adapted  for  Spain  and  South 
ofEuro|>e;  white  hose  manufactured  from  Colonial  cot- 
ton, of  improved  elasticity ;  and  patent  black  cotton 
hose,  colour  fast  and  clean. 

Men's  white  cotton  pantaloon  drawers  with  improved 
broad  linen  waistbands. 

Ladies'  white  cotton  chemises  manufactured  with  im- 
proved sleeves  and  shoulder  portion  in  a  superior  manner 
throughout. 

Gentlemen's  atout  merino  wool  pantaloon  drawers,  with 
supporting  elastic  knee. 

Ladies'  extra  fine  Australian  wool  waistcoats,  with  long 
sleeves,  &c.,  improved  in  softness  and  preparation,  pink 
and  scarlet. 

Ladies'  cotton  waistcoats,  improved  shapes,  light  and 
durable. 


Gentlemen's  mixed  silk  and  Australian  wool  n^der 
waistcoats,  improved  shapes,  liffht  and  warm. 

Ladies'  extra  fine  merino  wool  hose,  improved  slasticitT, 
warm  and  free  from  shrinking;  and  gentleman's  half- 
hose  of  the  same  wool. 

Gentlemen's  cotton  hose  with  mixed  silk  and  wo<d 
ankles. 

Ladies'  fine  mixed  silk  and  wool  hose,  superior  frame 
work. 

Ladies'  superfine  bleached  and  unbleached  cotton  waist- 
coats, improved  shapes  and  manufacture :  these  are  shaped 
in  the  frame  to  any  size  and  figure. 

Men's  stout  and  fine  unbleached  cotton  pantaloon 
drawers,  new  ribbed  waistbands,  and  doulue  frame- 
worked  substance. 

Ladies'  extra  fine  Australian  wool  and  fine  Cashmere 
wool  under  waistcoats. 

Gentlemen's  fine  Cashmere  wool  under  waistcoats,  im- 
proved in  softness. 

Men's  stout  worsted  and  extra  fine  worsted  under 
waistcoats. 

Men's  striped  shirts  or  Guernseys  for  eiport  or  sea- 
men's use. 

Men's  white  cotton  half-hose,  and  l»own  cotton  half- 
hose,  various  qualities.    Ladies'  cotton  hose,  rose  ooloar. 

8        Gregory,  Cueitt,  &  Co.,  15  Aldermanbttnf — 
Importers  and  Manu&cturers. 

Straw,  from  the  wheat  rick;  cut^into  lengths  and 
sorted  into  sizes;  washed  and  bleached,  for  cutting  into 
splints;  and  cut  into  splints,  for  plaiting. 

Plait,  made  fr^m  the  whole  pipe-straw,  called  wbole 
straw-plait;  made  from  the  straw  cut  into  spUnts,  called 
split  straw-plait;  and  made  from  the  sfuints  united, 
called  patent  straw-plait. 

Bonnet,  made  from  the  whole  pipe-straw,  called  "whole 
straw"  bonnet;  made  from  the  split  straw-plait,  called 
"split-straw"  bonnet;  and  made  from  the  plait> 
the  splints  united,  called  a  "patent  straw"  bonnet. 

Specimens   of  different  kinds  of  straw-plaiting, 
cord,  whole  straw,  cord  patent,  China  pearl,  &c. 

Plait,  made  from  the  splints,  with  the  straw  xerened, 
called  "rice  patent  plait. 

Various  kinds  of  rice  plait. 

Bonnet  made  from  rice  patent  plait. 

Tuscan  grass,  as  imported;  as  cut  into  lengths,  and 
sorted  into  sizes;  and  as  washed  and  bleached,  and  pre- 
pared for  plaiting. 

Plait  made  from  the  stem  of  the  Tuscan  grass,  called 
"  dark  Tuscan  plait; "  and  made  frt>m  the  upper  part  of 
the  grass,  called  "light  Tuscan  plait." 

Bonnet  made  from  the  dark  Tuscan  plait. 

Hat  made  fr^m  the  light  Tuscan  plait. 

Specimens  of  the  various  kinds  of  Tuscan  plait. 

Block  of  wood,  as  cut  from  the  poplar  tree ;  aa  cot 
into  splints  for  plaiting;  the  splints  washed  and  bleached 
for  plaiting. 

Specimens  of  various  kinds  of  plaiting;  from  the  splints 
called  "  British  chip  plait." 

Bonnet  made  frx>m  a  piece  of  the  same,  called  "Britisli 
chip  bonnet." 

Block  of  wood  from  the  willow  tree ;  as  cut  into 
splints,  for  weaving  into  square  sheets;  the  splints  washed 
and  bleached,  prepared  for  weaving. 

Specimens  of  willow  square  she^,  from  the  loom. 

The  willow  shape,  for  the  foundation  of  silk  bonnets. 

White  willow  bonnet;  coloured  willow  bonnet^  made 
from  the  sheets. 

Straw  splints,  for  weaving  into  trimmings. 

Specimens  of  straw  trimmings ;  the  loom  in  which  thej 
are  made. 

Bonnet,  made  from  the  straw  trimming. 

Horse-hair  in  its  rough  state;  and  washed  and  bleached 
for  wea>'ing  into  trimmings. 

Specimens  of  horse-hair  trimming.  Bonnet  made  fixm 
it. 

Flag-grass,  as  imported  from  Cuba ;  and  as  washed, 
bleached  and  cut,  prepared  for  plsitiDg;  hats^  from  the 
same,  called  "  Braslian  hats." 


Kdtgdoh.] 


IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


577 


[PUit-ttnw  18  the  straw  of  the  wheat  plant,  selected 
mpockHj  from  crops  grown  on  dry  chalky  lands,  such  as 
those  about  Dunstable.  The  middle  part  of  the  straw 
aboT€  the  last  joint  is  selected ;  it  is  cut  into  lengths  of  eight 
or  ten  indies,  and  these  are  then  split.  The  Leghorn  or 
Tuacan  plait  is  the  straw  of  a  variety  of  bearded  wheat, 
grown  expressly  on  poor  sandy  soils,  pulled  when  green, 
and  then  bleached.  Other  kinds  of  the  grass  tribe, 
besides  wheat,  furnish  straws  available  for  plait-work. — 
K.F.]  

9      PUCB  &  Habvet,  6  Pilgrim  SttrH,  Ludgaie  Hill,  and 
Tott€nham — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

The  white  bonnet,  patented  by  the  exhibitor,  which 
win  dean,  and  alter  to  any  shape,  and  look  equal  to  new. 

The  registered  carriage  bonnet,  composed  of  crape 
lisae,  with  tofts  of  silk,  worked  by  the  needle,  in  all 
coloun. 

The  drev  opera  bonnet,  composed  of  gauze  and  ribbon 
of  peculiar  make. 

fionnet  composed  of  ribbon  and  aroephane,  for  the 
ctningp  or  pfomenade. 


10     VtMLD,  Jas.,  &  Sons,  114  Fore  street,  Cripplegate, 
aid  Harpenden,  Herts — Manufacturers. 

Improved  Dunstable  bonnet;  twisted  edge  whole  pipe 
Dunstable;  split  straw  bonnet;  double  split  straw,  called 
a  patent  Dunstable;  rice  straw  bonnet,  plaited  with  the 
roqgli  side  out;  satin  straw  bonnet  with  rock  edge;  fancy 
crochet  and  black  and  white  fancy  mixed  bonnet;  black 
and  white  satin  and  fancy  rock  mixed  bonnet. 

Straw  bonnets  in  new  designs  and  combination  of 
materials.  Specimen  of  wheat  straw  from  which  pipes 
are  drawn  for  plaiting;  and  of  the  inner  pipe  drawn  from 
the  wheat  straw. 

for  splitting  straws  of  various  degrees  of  fine- 


Unbleached  straw  plaiting;  the  same,  clipped  and 
bleached;  block  of  wood  of  the  poplar-tree;  bleached 
i^hanngs  of  the  same  for  plaiting. 

Black  and  white  satin  and  crimped  Bplit  straw  Chiuese 
hat. 

Black  and  white  crochet  and  split  straw  "  Due  d'Au- 
male"  hat. 

Green  and  white  ladies'  crimiMHl  hatfl. 

[The  straw-plait  manufacture  has  had  itA  local  esta- 
blishment in  England  about  eighty  yearn,  and  Is  now 
cjtrried  on  principally  in  Be<lfor(l«hire,  Hei-ts,  Jind  Buck- 
inghamAhire:  at  Dunstable  this  manufacture  him  long 
l»«rcn  aucceasfully  pro9ecute<l,  and  employH  large  numbers 
of  individualM.  The  name  of  this  town  ha«  been  con- 
ntx'ted  with  that  of- its  procluctions,  and  used  to  charac- 
teri«e  certain  descriptions  of  stniw-plait.  "W^iole  Dun- 
•ta)jli»,"  signifies  that  the  plait  i.-'  formed  of  seven  entire 
-«truw«,  and  "patent  DuriMtable,"  that  it  conniHtH  of 
f'urt«5en  split  straws.  This  hwt  manufacture  haa  been 
introduced  about  ludf  a  century.  The  splitting  of  the 
straw  i»  effected  by  the  machine  exhibited. — K.  E.] 


1 1       Vtbe  8c  Sons,  16  Wood  Strctt — Manufacturers. 

Lndifa*'  bonnets  of  finest  quality,  produced  from  wheat- 
iPtraw,  plaited  and  made  up  by  the  hand. 

Split;  fancy,  AllK>ni  edge;  jwitent  rice,  fancy  split,  em- 
broid^rwl  TuMan  e<lge. 

Ladies'  bonnets  of  fjuicv  horse-hair  and  straw:  black — 
b*^r»«?-hAir,  blonde,  and  straw ;  white — hr»r»e-hair,  blonde, 
axid  «traw;  bhie— horse-hair  and  blonde;  white — horse- 
hair and  blonde;  ^offere<l —horse-hair  and  straw-phut. 
Th«»  material  made  bv  the  loom,  and  sewn  into  boimetd 
It  the  hand. 

I>»trhom  l>onnet«  made  of  material  produced  in  Italy. 

All  of  Britiikh  manufacture. 


12       Welch  A  Sons,  44  Quiter  Lane,  Cheapside — 
Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 

1.  Staple  article,  wheat  straw. 

2.  Straw  pipes  as  prepared  for  plaiters'  use. 

3.  Straw  splitters  and  splittings. 

4.  Specimens  of  straw  plaits. 

5.  Gloffered  split  straw  bonnet. 

6.  Fine  patent  bonnet  in  fancy  design. 

7.  The  original  split  straw  bonnet,  consisting  of  140 
^ards  of  plait,  which  required  292,320  operations  in  plait- 
mg  during  seven  weeks,  and  took  ten  days  in  sewing. 

8.  SpUt  straw  bonnet  with  goffered  design. 

9.  British  Italian  split  straw  bonnet. 

10.  Fine  patent  fancy  bonnet. 

11.  Mourning  fancy  straw  bonnet. 

12.  Fancy  straw  exhibition  edge. 

13.  Child's  rice  patent  bonnet. 
14 — 17.  New  lace  fancy  bonnets. 

18 — 23.  Crinoline  and  lace  fancy  bonnets. 
24,  25.  Crinoline  fancy  bonnets. 

26.  Leghorn  and  lace  fancy  bonnet. 

27.  Tuscan  and  lace  bonnet. 
28—30.  Girls'  fancy  hats. 

31.  Qirl's  gipsy  bonnet. 

32,  33.  Boys*  straw  hats. 
34.  Infant's  rice  straw  hat. 


13  Allan,  James,  158  Cheapside — Manufacturer  and 

Designer. 

Split  straw  bonnet ;  design  formed  by  hand.  White 
Italian  chip ;  prepared  and  manufacturad  in  England, 
Hair  and  chenille — English.  Goffered  crinoline  and  straw; 
English.  Crinoline  and  cordonnet ;  design  formed  by 
hand. 

Bedford  straw.  Goffered  straw.  Rice  straw.  Dun- 
stable straw.  Choice  specimen  of  whole  straw,  plaited 
by  an  old  woman  80  years  of  age. 

Embroidered  crape  bonnet.  Boy's  rice  straw  hat. 
Young  lady's  hat.  Tuscan  hat,  with  painted  satin 
trimming. 

14  Spurden,  W00LI.EY,  SAND>m«,  &  Co.,  42  Friday 

M/tv/ — Mjmufacturers. 

Bonnet,  exhibited  ft>r  colour,  dcsij^n,  and  execution. 

Bonnet,  ma<le  of  English  split-straw  i)lait,  exhibited 
for  manufacture  and  workman.ship.  Made  by  hand 
labour;  itoccui)ied  48  hours  in  making;  antl,  though  con- 
taining 1)1  >  yards  of  plait,  is  very  light. 

Bonnet,  made  of  English  plait,  showing  the  inner  side 
of  the  straw. 


15  W00DUOUSE&  LrcKSiAN,  33  W(^»il  Street,  Cheapside — 
Designei-s  and  Manufacturers. 

Bonnets,  manufaictured  from  the  Enj^lish  willow-tree, 
exhibited  on  account  of  their  lightness  and  moderate  cost. 

The  crystid  bonnet. 


IG    WiNGRAVE  Si,  Sons,  02  U'.xh/  Street,  and  at  St.  Albans 

-  Manufacturers. 
Variety  of  bonnc^ts  and  hats. 
Whole  stmw  bonnet. 
Split  straw  hat  double  and  single. 
Inverted  straw  hat,  commonly  called  rice. 
White  and  coloured  willow  hiits. 
Stmw  and  willow  hat^,  mixed. 
White  willow  and  palmetto  leaf  hats. 
Palmetto  laif  and  stmw  hat,  mixed. 
Double  sf>lit  stmw  hat. 
Tuscan  stmw  hat. 
Palmetto  leaf  matting, 
Palmetto  k»iif  and  stmw  ha«>«ock. 
Palmetto  Iciif  ladies'  work-lxisket. 

[.\  variety  of  different  materials  have  l>ecn  cmploye<l 
at  different  times  for  the  manufacture  of  bonnets  luid  liat<). 
Wheat  stmw,  grown  in  different  localitit«,  j^osse-'ses, 
different  char.vctt^ristic  qualities,  which  re'uder  it  ailapt^'d 
for  the  finer  or  for  the  coarser  descriptions  of  straw-plait 

•J  Y  J 


678 


Class  20.— ARTICLES  OP  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[Uhitid 


manufactures.  The  inversion  of  the  straw  g^ves  to 
the  plait  a  peculiar  appearance,  which  has  commonly 
led  to  the  opinion  that  a  different  material  has  been 
employed.  The  palmetto  leaf,  and  the  willow  hats  and 
bonnets,  exhibit  some  recent  applications  of  new  materials 
for  this  purpose. — R.  E.] 

16a     Long,  Qeorqe,  LoudwcUer,  Wycomb,  Bucks — 
Inventor,  Designer,  and  Manufacturer. 
Hats  and  bonnets  made  upon  a  lace-pillow— -1.  Straw 
plait   and    silk.       2.    Horse-hair.       3.   Manilla    hemp. 
4.  Twisted  grass.     5.  Straw  and  silk.     Designs  registered 
by  the  exhibitor. 

17  HoMAN  &  Co.,  39  &  40  ChiawcU  Street,  Itnshury— 

Manufacturers. 
Printed  regatta  and  other  shirts;  flannel  vests;  braces; 
purses;  riding  belts;  garters,  &o. 

18  PniLLPOTrs,  Mart  Anne,  37  North  AwUcy  Street 

— ^Proprietor. 
Figure  of  a  lady  in  full  court  dress,  in  the  reign  of  Her 
Majesty  Queen  Victoria,  1851. 

19  Paterson,  J.,  Wood  Street,  Cheapside — Manufacturer. 

Fancy  cravats.     Black  satin  stocks.     Improved  braces, 
belts,  collars.    Shirt  front,  plaited  in  the  loom. 

20  NevilLj  Alfrx3>,  &  Co.,  121  Wood  Street,  Cheapside 

— Producers. 
A  piece  of  Irish  linen  made  from  the  finest  flax.    A 
shirt,  shirt-front,  and  collars,  made  from  the  above  piece 
of  linen.    Richly  embroidered  neck-tie. 

21  Capper  &  Waters,  26  Regent  Street,  St.  Jameses — 

Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
Twelve  shirts,  all  differing  in  form,  including  registered 
inventions,  and  of  varied  substances,  in  linen,  cotton, 
wool,  and  silk,  viz.  corazza,  giubba,  frock,  himting,  Cana- 
dian ;  tourist  sottanello ;  opera,  embroidered ;  court,  new 
form  of  frill;  fatigue,  elastique  transpirante;  Carlisle 
jacket;  sottanello,  single  and  double  breast.  Dressing 
C^wn,  with  trousers  &  la  Turque.  Detached  shirt-fronts 
and  collars,  various. 

22  Ablbtt  &  Wheeler,  234  Regent  Street,  and 

23  Poultry — Manufacturers. 
Shirt  of  peculiar  construction,  without  buttons. 
Child^B  jacket,  pair  of  gaiters,  and  pair  of  gloves,  exhi- 
biting specimens  of  English  embroidery. 

23  Reid,  W.,  51  Conduit  Street,  Hanover  Square— 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
The  registered  "sans-pli'*  shirt. 

24  Brie,  Joseph,  &  Co.,  189  Regent  Street — 

Producers  and  Designers, 
^lirt  fronts,  including  the  newest  patterns,  in  runnings, 
stitchings,  veinings,  and  embroidery. 
Shirts  of  an  improved  cut. 
Embroidered  handkerchiefs  and  flannel  waistcoats. 


25  Marshall,  William,  80  licgent  Street — 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Registered    improved    shaped    shirt,   cut  to  fit   the 
shoulders,  &c.       

26  Powell,  S.,  52  Regent  Street — Inventor  and 

Patentee. 
Bisunique,  or  reversible  garments,  coats,  vests,  trou- 
sers,  paletots,   &c.     The  royal  bisunique  jacket,   con- 
structed of  cloth  which  has  two  distinct  faces  of  contrast- 
ing colours,  in  one  fabric. 


27      Barnes,  Thos.  &  Qbo.,  9  New  Court,  Qosvxll  Street — 
Designers  and  Manufacturers. 
Registered  buckskin  braces,  of  new  and  old  designs; 
ejdiibited  as  specimens  of  execution;  the  improvement 


consists,   partly,   in  the  attachment  of  the  valcamzed 
India-rubber  spring  by  adhesion. 
Flexible  razor  strops. 

28  Hemmino,  Edward,  6  Piccadilly— Deofpaor. 

A  model  shirt,  intended,  by  its  peculiar  shape,  to  adjost 
itself  to  the  body  and  neck.  Made  of  fine  Mftn#%iio«^<»»» 
long  cloth  and  Irish  linen. 

29  Smith,  John  E*,  3  Lawrence  Lane — ^Manafiustorer. 
Shirt,  formed  without  the  aid  of  seams  or  gathers. 
Specimen  of  Moravian  needlework,   illustratiiiig  the 

growth  of  flax;  with  the  rose^  shamrock,  and  thistle. 

30  Porter,  Thomas,  94  Strand— ISMmhctxaer, 
Specimen  of  a  shirt  cut  on  mathematical  prindplea. 

31  Wagner,  Louisa  &  Marian,  ^DoddingUm  Orooe — 

Designers  and  Manufacturera. 

Plume  of  registered  feathers  and  rosettes,  in  ooloured 
moludr  silk.  Hand-netted  silk  handkerchief  head-drcieses; 
the  same  in  floss  silk,  with  lappets. 

Fancy  bracelets,  of  various  designs,  produced  hr  hand 
from  common  braid.  Fancy  silk  (all  hand-netted)  dresa 
caps.  Hand-netted  Florence-pattern  berthe,  and  dresa 
sleeves  made  of  plain  silk  twist  and  fancy  floes  silk.  Neck- 
tie of  same  material,  en  suite.  Dress,  opera,  and  ball  capay 
assorted,  of  gold,  silver,  and  chenille.  F-^igl^^i  moliair 
crochetted  morning,  smoking,  or  reading  caps. 

32  Atloff,  John  Qboroe,  69  New  Bond  Street — 

Inventor. 
Ladies*  shoes  of  various  materials. 
Silk  slippers,  embroidered  in  gold^  with  the  Queen's 
arms. 
Ladies*  silk  boots.    Ladies*  half  boots. 


32a  Caplin,  R.  a.,  58  Bemers  Street,  Oxford  Street,  and 
55   Princes   Street,    Manchester — ^Manofiwiiirer, 
Designer,  and  Inventor. 
Patent  improved  self-adjusting  corsets  and  child's  bod- 
dice,  ladies*  belts,  &c.,  constructed  in  accordance  with 
our  present  knowledge  of  anatomy  and  physiology,  and 
calcinated  to  promote  the  health  and  comfort  of  the 
wearers. 


33  Weatherhead,  Henrt,  27  Panton  Street, 

JIaymarket — Manufiicturer. 
Silk  and  India-rubber  braces.    Qros-de-Ni^leebeli,  with 
silk  and  India-rubber  springs. 

34  Nicoll,  Benjamin,  42  Regent  OrcHt,  and 

46  Lombard  Street — ^Manu&ctorer. 
Shirt  of  a  new  material,  in  silk.  Shirt  of  Irish  linen. 
Hunting  shirt.       

35  Christts,  35  Gracechurch  Street,  London,  and  Stock- 

port, near  Manchester — Hat  Manufacturmm  and 
Hatters'  Furriers. 

Specimens,  illustrating  the  manufacture  of  hats,  con- 
sisting of  materials  in  the  raw  state,  prepared  for  use,  and 
in  the  different  stages  of  manufacture,  up  to  the  finished 
state. 

Beaver. — Beaver  skin,  dark  colour;  the  same  with  the 
coarse  hair  taken  off.  Beaver  skins,  silvery  colour;  the 
same  with  the  coarse  hair  taken  off  one  side,  wiUi  the  tar 
partly  cut  off  by  the  cutting  machine.  Musquash  skin; 
the  same  with  coarse  hair  taken  off.  The  preceding  are 
the  produce  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company's  territoriea. 

Newtria  skin,  as  imported  from  Buenos  Ayres;  the  saoae 
with  the  coarse  hair  taken  off.  Vicuna  skin  firom  the 
Andes,  as  imported  from  Lima.  Rabbit  skins — home. 
Hare  skins— home  and  Turkish. 

Machine  for  cutting  the  fur  off  the  skin,  by  r»«inc  it 
stretched  through  rollers  over  a  sharp  blaaOy  against 
which  it  is  struck  by  the  fall  of  an  iron  beam  worked  bj 
a  crank,  and  so  adjusted  as  to  cut  off  the  fur  without  cut- 
ting through  the  felt. 


KnroDOM.] 


IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


579  "^ 


vpocu 
The  ^ 


MAterialB  as  prepared  for  use. — Beaver  furs  as  cut  from 
the  skin,  and  as  prepared  for  use,  the  coarse  hairs  being 
taken  oat  by  machinery.  The  coarse  hairs  as  taken  out. 
Newtria,  musquash,  hare,  and  rabbit  furs,  natural  and 
prepared  for  use. 

Wools — English,  Spanish,  Saxony,  Australian,  and 
Victma  wools  ;  the  same  washed  and  carded. 

The  manufacture  of  felt  hats  is  illustrated  in  the 
following  specimens : — The  fur  for  the  body  of  a  hat 
before  felting  as  first  formed  by  the  workman  with  the 
TibratioD  of  a  bowstring;  in  the  first  stage  of  felting;  and 
eompletely  felted.  The  hat  body  stiffened  with  waterproof 
oompoattion  prepared  from  materials.  The  beaver  fur  as 
prepared  for  putting  on  the  body  to  form  the  nap,  and 
mixed  with  cotton  to  prevent  the  outside  covering  of  the 
beaver  from  felting  together  instead  of  adhering  to  the 
body;  the  nme,  in  the  first  stage  of  sticking.  The  hat 
after  the  nap  is  felted  on,  by  rollmg  in  boiling  water,  and 
■bowing  the  yegetable  substance  (the  cotton),  separating 
from  the  animal  substance  (the  beaver),  which  has  ad- 
hered to  the  body.  The  hat  in  the  cone  completely  nap- 
ped and  cleared  m>m  the  cotton  by  a  process  of  combing. 
The  hat  ondyed  after  shearing  bv  machinery  and  blocking 
into  form.  The  hat  dyed  with  materials.  The  hat  in 
completed  state,  after  being  blocked  by  steam,  finished, 
trinunedy  and  shaped  for  wear.  Specimens  of  hats  of 
fehed  for  in  the  various  materials,  forms,  and  colours,  as 
made  for  home  and  foreign  trade. 

Tbe  manufacture  of  silk  hats  is  shown  in  the  following 
amens : — The  silk  in  the  raw  as  imported,  and  as  dyed. 
velvet  plush  as  woven,  and  as  fimshed  for  use.  The 
foondation  or  body  of  the  hat,  showing  the  arrangements 
at  the  top  for  ventilation,  and  at  the  brim,  to  prevent  the 
moisture  from  the  head  passing  through  to  the  silk  on 
the  ontflide.    The  hat  in  the  completed  state. 

Hata  of  old  manufacture ;  illustrating  the  change  of 
ihi4>e  and  improvements  in  make,  during  the  past  sixty 
Tears,  arranged  in  decennial  periods.  The  cocked  hat 
Dcara  the  stamp  of  the  government  (internal)  duty  of 
.3«.  6dL  then  levied  on  hats  of  home  manufacture  above 
the  value  of  18«. 

TooIb  UMcd  in  the  manufivcture  of  hats. 

[The  manufacture  of  silk  hat«  haw  att^iined  a  condition 
«»f  vast  Lmi>ortance.  The  material  employed  to  imitate 
the  fur  ifl  a  silk  pliwh,  manufjictiired  to  a  large  extent  in 
Kngland  for  the  express  purpose.  It  is  estimated  that 
ab*'Ut  250,000  dozen  silk  hats  arc  made  in  London,  Man- 
chester, Liverpool,  Birmingham,  and  Glasj^ow.  The 
annual  value  of  silk  hats  produced  in  England  is  csti- 
ELuited  at  about  000, OUO/.] 

3»»         FoBD,  Richard,  IS'tStntmi — Manufacturer. 

Shirt,  exliibited  for  plain  needlework,  and  improved 
form. 

.'i7        Glenn  T,  Ciiarles,  3,3  Lon^Mrd  Street,  City — 

iVoprietor. 
O'tton  hosiery.  I^orlies'  stockings,  fine,  four  threads, 
p\x  threads  heels  and  feet,  weighing  only  seven  ounces. 
Moiium  quality,  stout,  seven  tlireads,  nine  thread  heels 
and  feet.  Gentlemen's  fine  half  hose.  Maimfjictured  at 
BAJbriggan,  in  Ireland,  where  the  cotton  undori^'oesa  pre- 
[*4iution  which  imparts  to  it  softness  and  elasticity. 

3b     SaXDLAND  &  Crank,  .'>:»  Qumtnmt,  licjait  Strct — 

Inventors  and  Makers. 
Belt  drawers,  exhibited  on  asUituette.     Shirt  exhibited 
on  the  same  statuette. 


3«J     BraDKHAW,  G.,  ion  /!i.Jofj>S'i.itr  Street  Wiffiiii,  and 
•J.'i  Ukfh  Street,  hlitujton — Inventor  and  Patentee. 

Patent  fastening,  as  applie<l  to  gentlemen's  eollai-s  of 
\Arious  shapes;  a  simple,  yet  sjH'edy  mode  of  f;i.Htening, 
»iip»T>*?ding  string,  loops,  an<l  other  ohjeetionahle  coii- 
tnvaiior*. 

The  iVii!iie  applifd  to  gentlemen':*  fionU  and  j<tock.-<,  or 
oaoo-rounJ  cravatd. 


Gentlemen's  anti-rhoumatic  belt  and  drawers.  This 
fastening  regulates  the  size,  gives  support  to  the  wearer, 
and  is  of  advantage  in  hunting,  riding,  or  rowing. 

Waistcoat  with  the  fastening,  which  keeps  the  garment 
in  an  easy  and  graceful  position.  The  fastening  can  be 
taken  out  while  the  waistcoat  is  being  re-dressed. 


40   JoUBERT,  Caroline,  8  Maddox  Street,  Hanfmer  Square 
— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Self-adjusting  white  watered  corset,  with  a  spring  busk 
and  improved  lacing. 

Elastic  corset  belt,  for  invalids;  made  of  India-rubber 
tissue,  of  French  manufacture. 


40a  Roberts,  George,  183  Oxford  Street — Manufacturer. 

Gorset  made  in  21  pieces,  all  cut  "  on  the  cross,"  upon 
the  expanding  principle,  with  instant  relieving  backs;  cor- 
set, made  to  fasten  in  the  front  with  patent  spring  clasp, 
and  gauze  elastic  sides;  corset,  of  the  most  simple  con- 
struction, with  patent  spring  backs,  no  lacing  being 
required. 

41    Piper,  Thomas  Foot,  4  liishopsgate  Street  WitJtotU 
— Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Mechanical  spring-corset,  silk  bodice,  simple  bodice, 
and  young  ladies'  scapular  or  contractor. 


42      Martin,  Emma  &  Emz.  H.,  504  Oxford  Street^ 
Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

Elastic  bodice  of  white  satin.  The  elasticity  is  pro- 
duced by  the  introduction  of  vulcanized  India-rubber 
in  the  back  and  sides,  to  render  them  expansive.  Exhi- 
bited on  an  expanding  bust,  to  show  the  utility  of  this 
invention  for  free  respiration. 

Riding  bodice,  of  similar  materials.  The  simplicity  of 
the  fastening,  the  absence  of  whalebone  and  lacing,  and 
the  shape,  distinguish  the  elastic  bodice  from  stays. 

Abdominal  bolt,  peculiar  in  its  softness  and  elasticity. 


43  Stkes,  Marv  E.,  280  ne,fait  Street — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Corset,  weighing  only  five  ounces:  tlie  elastic  portion 
mjule  by  hand;  the  mode  of  fiistening  and  unfastening 
is  new. 

44  Devy,  Eliza,  73  Grosvenor  Street— Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
New  registered  riding  stays.     Nursing  stays.     Dress 
stays,  and  stays  of  the  usual  kind. 


45      Capper,  JonN,&  Son,  G9  Grarechnrch  Street — 
Part  Inventors  and  Makers. 

Registered  folding  ba.Hsinettes  or  cradles,  intended  to 
fi\cilit4ite  the  packing  and  carriiige  of  infimts'  bedding. 

Infant's  basket,  with  its  contents.  Infant's  clothing, 
assorted.  Night-cap  and  dress.  All  trimmed  with  liish 
hice.  

40     Thomas,  W.,  &  Brothers,  128  &  129  Cheapside— 

Manufjicturers. 

Boots  and  shoes  made  without  stitches,  pegs,  nails,  or 
rivets;  with  heel?*  on  an  improved  principle.  Boots  with 
leather  soles;  with  guttii  percha  soles;  imd  with  gutta 
iwrcha  soles  with  leather  edges,  which  prevent  the  gutta 
l)ercha  from  spreading  and  turning  up  at  the  edge^.  Boots 
with  gutt;i  percha  waist  and  leathersole;  boots  with  leather 
wjiist  and  gutta  i)ercha  sole. 

Improved  heels ;  the  same,  attju-hed  to  soles  of  various 
sorts.  Boots  and  shoes,  with  elastic  sides,  nia<le  by  sewing 
pioccM  of  ln<lia-rubber  to  the  \x\y\^Y  leather  and  then  to 

th«'  sole. 

Boots  for  jKirsoiis  with  tender  feet,  or  invalids,  with 
tho  inner  sole  of  si>ongy  India-mbl»er.  Spongy  shoes. 
Ladies'  boots,  with  Fi.-liVr's  ].atont  elix-stic  H].ring  backs, 
i^riiwing-rouin  slipjHMs,  inado  without  Koain. 

Stays,  made  with<jut  sfams,  known  ju  **  Pju-is  woven." 
Silk.    Thread.    Patent  w  uvcu  clastic  corset,  having  elastic 


.80 


Class  20.—ARTICLES  OF  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Galleby. 


[United 


threads  introduced  into  the  fabric.  Webbing  or  tape  for 
Venetian  blinds,  safety  carpet  and  leathern  bags.  All 
patented.  

46a  Shreevb,  Mrs.,  Charing  Cross — ^Inventor. 

Elastic  knitted  corset. 


47       Moore,  — ,  29  Gracechurch  Street — Producer. 
Embroidered  lace  cap. 


48  Johnson  &  Co.,  113  Regent  Street, — Patentees. 

Patent  ventilating  hats.  The  principle  of  ventilating 
these  hats  being  to  admit  the  air  through  a  series  of 
channels  cut  in  thin  cork,  which  is  fastened  to  the  leather 
lining,  and  a  valve  fixed  in  the  top  of  the  crown,  which 
may  be  opened  and  shut  at  pleasure  to  allow  the  per- 
spiration to  escape. 

Patent  valves.  Patent  leather.  Full-dress  court  hats. 
Royal  state  livery  hats.     Ladies'  riding  hats,  &c. 

Field-marshal's,  general's,  and  colonel's  full-dress  regu- 
lation cocked  hats. 

Admiral's,  captain's,  and  lieutenant's  full-dress  roguia- 
tion  cocked  hats. 

[The  general  principles  upon  which  a  hat  is  made,  are 
of  a  most  imperfect  description  as  far  as  relates  to  the 
comfort  and  probably,  in  a  degree,  to  the  health  of  the 
wearer.  It  has  been  conjectured  that  one  among  other 
causes  of  premature  baldness,  is  the  deficient  ventilation, 
and  the  undue  contraction  of  the  rim  of  most  hats.  In 
the  present  instance  an  attempt  to  obviate  these  defects 
is  exhibited.] 

49  Geart,  Nicholas,  61  St.  Jameis  Street — 

Inventor  and  Manu&cturer. 

Improved  and  elastic  corsets,  for  full-dress  and  other 
purposes. 

Elastic  supporting-belts. 

Spinal  supporting-corset,  with  invisible  spring-crutch. 
Invalids*  self-acting  corset,  with  apian  for  instantaneously 
imfastening  the  corset  without  unlacing  (in  case  of  sudden 
indisposition).  Perforated  gossamer  corset,  for  hot 
climates,  &c. 

Hydropathic  belt,  constructed  for  equal  pressure  and 
support  of  the  "umschlag,"  or  compress,  when  worn 
round  the  body. 

50  Dando,  Sons,  &  Co.,  42,  43,  44  Cheapstdc-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  a  new  description  of  patent  light  net- 
work velvet  hats,  in  various  stages  of  manufacture.     The 
foundation,  or  body,  is  made  of  net,  which  allows  free 
ventilation;  it  weighs  one  ounce  and  a  half. 


51      White,  William,  68  Cheapside — Manufacturer. 
Ventilating  velvet-nap  hats,  and  zephyr  hats. 


51a        Felix,  Edward  &  Co.,  10  Cheapside — 

Manufacturers. 
Hats  of  a  peculiar  construction,   designed  to  render 
them  elastic,  waterproof,  and  ventilating. 


52       AsHTON,  Joseph,  &  Sons,  55  Cornwall  Road — 
Manufacturers  and  Inventors. 

Black  and  drabpatent  elastic  beaver  hat  on  beaver  body. 
Beaver  felt  hat,  natural  colour  of  the  wool. 
Black  beaver  felt  hat;  beaver  body. 
Light  elastic  velvet  hat,  on  a  gossamer  body ;  French 
plush. 

Light  elastic  hat,  on  a  stuff  body,  French  plush. 


53         AsHMEAD  &  Tyler,  J.  T.,  7  ^foHnt  StrM, 
Berkeley  Square — Inventors  and  Manufacturers. 
Patent  folding  hat,  without  springs.     Soft  velvet  fold- 
ing hat.     Minerva  hunting  cap. 


54    Melton,  Henrt,  194  Regent  Street — Manufiicturor. 

Gentleman's  hat  of  the  ordinary  size,  made  of  FngliaTi 
plush.     The  weight  does  not  exceed  three  ounoes. 

The  plush  was  produced  fromi  the  manufactory  of 
Stephen  Walters  and  Son,  I^lnsbury. 

Lady's  riding-hat,  made  of  English  plush,  and  of  new 
design.  


55  Smith,  GhDOBOs,  &  Ck>.,  Union  HaU,Umon Stnet^ 

Boroujh — ^Inventors  and  Manu&ctnrers. 
Light  silk  hat.  Silk  hat,  the  body  of  which  is  made 
on  a  new  principle.  Silk  hat  on  soft  felt  body.  Hat  of 
a  new  shape.  Ladies'  riding  hat,  new  shape.  A  goesa- 
mer  body  japanned  by  means  of  a  new  process;  intended 
for  sailors  or  others  exposed  to  hot  or  cold  climates. 

56  Dietrich,  Frederick  Auguste;,  2  Bennett  Street, 

Blackfriars  Road — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Patent  elastic  hat  lining;  invented  to  prevent  prewure, 
to  retain  a  firm  hold,  and  permit  free  ventilation. 

Newly-invented  silk  hat,  the  body  of  which,  being 
composed  of  horsehair,  is  porous  and  elastic,  ventilating 
and  flexible. 

New  military  cocked  hat,  made  from  the  same  material. 

Qentlemen's  court  hat,  and  ladies'  riding  hat,  made 
from  the  same  material. 


57  Barber,  Samcel,  Brentford — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
French  silk  hat,  with  body  of  Manilla  graos,  exhibited 
for  novelty,  durability,  ventilation,  waterproof,  and  other 
qualities. 

58  Stainburn  &,  Baugh,  Gresham  Street — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  felt  materials:  English  rabbit's  fur,  8 
parts;  Saxony  lamb's  wool,  3  parts;  Llama,  or  red  wool, 
Ipart;  weighing  together  l^z. 

The  same,  formed  into  a  hollow  cone  by  a  prooan 
called  boring;  the  mixture  and  coherence  of  the  fibre  thuB 
produced  is  the  first  stage  in  the  felting  process. 

A  felt  body  (being  the  cone  required»}r  a  hat),  worked 
to  the  proper  size  and  texture;  heat,  moisture,  prewure, 
and  friction  being  the  means  bv  which  it  is  perfected. 

A  felt  body,  waterproof,  stiffened  with  resinous  gums 
dissolved  in  spirit. 

A  beaver  cover,  which,  when  worked  into  a  stiifeiied 
body,  is  called  a  hood. 

The  beaver  hood,  ready  for  dyeing. 

A  dyed  or  black  hood,  which,  softened  by  a  jet  of 
steam,  is  drawn  upon  a  block,  and  finished  to  the  pre- 
cise  size  and  style  required. 

Flexile  felt  hats. — Silk  hat,  made  from  English  pluah. 

Felt  body  prepared  for  covering.     Silk  cover. 

Silk  hat  complete,  new  style. 

59  Zox,  Lamen,  84  Long  Acre — Manu&cturer. 
Registered    Korychlamyd,    or    helmet   cap.      Patent 

aquatic  naval  life-cap.  Folding  college  cap.  Racings 
opera,  and  military  caps. 

60  Qrosjean,  Frederick,  109  Regent  Street — Inventor. 
Invention  for  producing  a  red  stripe  on  regimental 

trousers,  without  the  usual  process  of  sewing  one  piece 
of  cloth  on  another. 

Plan  for  securing  money  deposited  in  the  pockets  of 
trousers. 

Method  of  instantaneously  detaching  the  skirt  fix>m 
the  body  of  a  lady's  habit,  by  a  spring  nstening. 

Invention  for  excluding  the  cold  air  from  the  legs 
and  feet  of  travellers. 


61  Garrard,  Robert  &  John,  Loman  Street,  Sovthwark 

— ^Manufacturers. 

Japanned  leather  peaks  for  caps.  Registered  japanned 
felt  hat.  foreman's  japanned  leather  helmet.  Leather 
straps,  cockades,  &c.  Models  of  japanned  felt  hats,  of 
different  shapes. 


Kbgdov.] 


IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


581 


62     TliOMPSOH  &  SoK,  11  Conduit  iSfrrrf— Designers 

and  ManufeM^urers. 
Morning  Jackets.  Soirlet  hunting  coat.     Cricket  jacket 
and  tronaerB.    Waistcoats.    Ladies'  polka  braided. — ^All 
of  elastie  webbing,  of  British  manufacture. 


63    Waulbb,  Babb,  &  Co.,  346  5^ranJ— Inventors. 

Registered  waterproof  alpaca  over-coat  and  case;  the 
■ji^frtM  in  back  and  front  of  the  arms  are  dispensed  with: 
it    ifl    li^t  in  weight,  and  can  be    carried   in  a  coat 


64         Coiyr,  John,  6  Mcrshall  Street — Inventor. 

The  "  monomeroskiton,"  or  single-piece  coat;  a  fine 
eoai  of  British  manu£BM^ure,  constructed  from  one 
of  doth. 


64a.      BEAinr,  LoirxB,  65  Wood  Street,  Cheapside— 

Manu^Acturer. 
Fkacj  caps  of  various  sizes. 

65  KlBCH,  Sdcon  a.,  250  Regent  Street— Inventor. 

Resistei«daiito-crematic  gown,  with  elastic  springs  and 
pecvdiia>oonfignimtion  of  Uie  neck,  which  prevent  it  from 
nUing  off  the  shoulders. 

Gaasock  waistcoat,  answering  the  purxxxse  of  a  waistcoat 
and  short  casMck. 

66  Bbauitd,  John,  26  Mount  Street,  Groscenor  Square-^ 

Producer. 
TnTelling  cap,  with  transparent  peak,  to  protect  the 
eras  fromwmd,  dust,  &c.,  without  obstructing  the  vision. 
MaoufiMstoied  by  Messrs.  Christy  and  Co.,  Qracechurch 


67  LToaw,  J.,  12  &  13  Artaiery  Place,  WooUvcichr- 

Producer. 
MDHaiycapa. 

68  Pmcb,  Wiixiam,  115  Chancery  Lane — Designer 

and  Manufacturer. 
Flexible  spring  gownfl;  law,  clerical,  and  civic. 

^9  .CCTUCE,  WiLUAM,  25  St.  James* s  Street — Inventor. 

The  "  duplexA,"  or  morning  and  evening  coat;  in- 
trnded  to  aniiwer  the  purpose  of  two  garments  of  opposite 
character.  

70      Bain,  Wiluam,  141  Hijh  Holborn — Inventor. 
Floatable  life-preserving  cape  cloak. 

7  1  SXTTH  A  GlBBS,  Wcllinfjboroiujh,  Northamptonshire,  and 
84  ChetpAuic — Inventors  and  Manufjicturers. 

Cloth  and  leather  gaiters,  with  |)atent  faHtenings,  8cc. 

Patent  Euknemida,  in  cloth  and  leather,  various.  A 
new  mode  of  fastening,  adapted  to  various  articles,  as 
tftAxn,  Udies' dressert,  &c. 

Cambridge  over-coat  waterproof  in  a  new  Rtyle. 

National  cape  and  travelling  wrapper.  liegiHtered  for 
novelty,  shape,  and  reversibility. 

Hat4  new  in  shape  and  material,  called  ''  Noviun 
I*il^imi.** 

Silk  elastic  webbings  and  sandalings;  exhibited  for 
Colour  and  quality. 

Youths'  legginn,  new  cut  and  coloured  material. 

72  Gates,  Lauiia  CHARixnTK,  Upper  L\tt<m  St,,  rimUco — 

Inventor. 
Mj'dcl    of  married    lady's  dress,    with    improvements 
«hich  can  be  applied  to  di-csscs  already  nia«le. 


72a        Fiuxmax,  Thomas  S.,  48  Fcnchurch  Street — 

l*roducer. 
Registerefl  waistcoat,  with  new  safety  pockets,  afford- 
ioir  cmvenionce  and  security  for  notes,  cheques,  memo- 
ran<la,  watch,  &c. 


73  Hurley,  Daniel,  10  Hare  Court,  Aldersgate  Street — 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Lady's  safety  pocket,  which  cannot  be  picked  or  cut 
from  the  person  without  the  wearer^s  knowledge. 

Model  of  a  pair  of  trousers,  so  constructed  that  they 
may  be  worn  three  different  ways,  either  as  a  French 
bottom,  or  gaiters  attached,  or  plain  bottom,  with  im- 
provements. 

74  Cahan,  Edward,  371  Strand — Designer. 

The  "  Anaxyridian "  trousers.  The  peculiarity  con- 
sists in  the  cut,  which  is  so  arranged  that  they  remain  as 
a  fixtm>e  to  the  heel  without  straps;  and  dispense  with 
braces. 

75  Shinton,  R.,  29  Spencer  Street,  St.  Oeorg^s  East, 
A  pocket  protector. 


76        Bethel,  Ware,  &  Co.,  62  Aldemianbury — 

Manufacturers. 

Camellia  in  vase,  leaves  of  Luton  plait.  Flower  of  chip, 
imported  from  Italy.     Vase  of  variegated  Luton  plaits. 

Young  lady's  hat,  fancy  Devon  plmt. 

Lady's  ridmg  hat,  patent  Luton  plait. 

Boy^s  hat,  fine  Devon  plait. 

Infant's  hat,  patent  Luton  plait. 

Gentleman's  hat,  broad  Luton  plait. 

liadies'  bonnets,  including  patent  Luton  plait  in 
wreaths;  convolvulus  leaves  of  Luton  plait;  flower  and 
insertion,  Italian  chip.  Beetles'  wings,  coloured  Luton 
plait.  F^mroses,  leaves  Luton  plait,  flowers  Italian  chip. 
Italian  chip  in  wreaths.  Whole  Dunstable  plait.  Flam 
Luton  plait.  Plain-sewn  chip;  material  imported  from 
Italy.    Broad  Luton  plait. 

[The  plait,  technically  called  "Luton  plait,"  is  made  in 
imitation  of  the  "  whole  Dunstable  "  plait.  It  consists 
of  double  seven  straws,  and  is  a  coarser  kind  of  material 
than  the  Dunstable.  Its  application  to  the  manufacture 
of  ornamental  articles  is  illustrated  in  the  articles  ex- 
hibited. It  deserves  notice,  that  of  late  an  increase  in 
the  import  of  unmanufactured  material  (straw,  &c.)  from 
Italy  has  taken  phvce,  and  has  been  accompanied  by  a 
corresponding  decrease  in  that  of  manufactured  articles 
in  plait.  The  plaiting  of  foreign  material  is  carried  on 
to  a  largo  extent  in  this  country.] 


78 


Dent,  Allcroft,  &  Co.,  97  Wood  Street — 
Manufacturers. 


An  assortment  of  ladies'  and  gentlemen's  gloves,  of 
various  materijils,  colours  and  styles.  Ladies*  drab  kid 
gloves,  sewn,  and  fancy  colours,  &c. ;  pointed,  fancy 
Florentine;  and  black  kid,  with  fancy  sewings. 

Gentlemen's  drab  and  coloured  kid  gloves,  Dundee 
sewn ;  black  calf  gloves,  tan  sheep  gloves,  for  driving. 

Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  white,  drab,  and  real  fawn 
gloves. 

Ltulies'  and  gentlemen's  coloured  kid  gloves,  lined 
chamois  and  pink  silk,  and  a  vjunety  of  other  gloves. 


70    Thresher  k  Glens y,  152  Strand — Manufacturers. 

Thresher's  India  gauze  waistcoats.  Silk  and  thread  ho- 
siery. Silk  and  lambs' -wool  hosier}'.  Improved  spun- 
silk'  hosiery.  Specimens  (»f  the  resi)ective  (lualities  of 
silk  li'»Hiery.  CJau/.e  spiui-silk  waistcoats,  exhibited  as 
specimens  of  sp\m  silk  for  underclothing.  Gauze  merino 
waistcoat.?.  Hand-Hi)un  silk  hosier}',  exliibited  as  a  speci- 
men of  hosier}',  nuwle  from  Wiiste  silk. 


80  Ball,  William  Y.,  &('o.,  :;J  Wo'j^I Street,  Cheapside-^ 

Manufacturers. 

Kid  leather  gloves,   cut  and  made  in  England;  manu- 
factured from  French  dressed  kid  skins. 
A  glove  in  its  unfinished  state. 


582 


Class  20.— ABTICLES  OF  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[Uhitbd 


81       Lart,  John,  &  Son,  116  Wood  Street,  Cheapside, 
atid  Rutland  Street ,  Nottitujham — Inyentors  and 
Manufacturers. 
Ladies*  Lisle  thread  hose,  in  plain  and  open  work,  of 
new  patterns;  manufactured  at  Nottingham.      Ladies* 
silk  jacket,  trimmed,  woven  and  fashioned  in  the  stocking 
frame;  manufactured  at  Nottingham.      Gentlemen's  cot- 
ton and  silk  pantaloon  drawers,  with  elastic  washable 
gussets;  and  various  specimens  of  gentlemen's  cotton  and 
spun  silk  half  hose,  and  children's  socks,  and  gentlemen's 
merino.  Cashmere,  and  spim  silk  vests. 


82    FowNES  Brothers,  41  Cheapside — Manufacturers. 

Ladies'  gloves,  manufactured  from  kid-skins,  produced 
in  Ireland  and  dressed  in  England. 

Gloves,  manufiEu^ured  from  French-dressed  kid-skins. 

Taffety  silk,  union  silk,  velvet,  and  Lisle  thread  gloves; 
beaver,  cashmere,  goat,  and  vicima  wool  gloves. 

Kid-glove  in  its  various  stages  of  manu&cture. 


83       Macdouoall,  Donald,  Inverness,  Scotland — 

Manufacturer. 

Short  pieces  of  loom-wove  tweeds,  adapted  for  deer- 
stalking and  grouse  shooting,  by  their  peculiar  ooloiuv, 
the  natural  hues  of  the  rocks  and  muirs,  the  haimts  of 
deer  and  grouse  ;  also  for  fishing. 

A  piece  of  loom-made  tweed,  fr^m  Shetland  wool,  soft 
and  elastic. 

Fine  loom-made  tartans,  for  dresses,  showing  the  cor- 
rect sets  of  clan  patterns.       Loom-made  plaids. 

Highland  carpets,  called  "  The  Royal "  (new  design), 
made  from  first-class  Sutherland  Cheviot  wool.  Pieces 
of  home-manufactured  tweed,  one  made  at  Tongue,  in 
Sutherland,  dyed  from  heather  and  crotal  (a  lichen),  the 
colours  rare ;  the  other  made  at  Skye. 

Piece  of  home-manufactured  tweed,  made  at  Ord,  in 
Ross-shire,  natural  colours  of  deer- wool,  brown  and  white; 
and  a  piece  made  at  Avoch  in  Ross-shire. 

Pieces  of  home-spun  tartans,  from  Perthshire. 

Plaid  manufactured  at  St.  Kilda,  and  a  small  sample  of 
tweed;  exhibited  as  curiosities,  illustrating  the  industry 
of  the  natives  of  the  most  remote  of  the  British  islands  ; 
the  yam  is  spun  by  the  distaff,  and  woven  in  a  native- 
made  loom. 

Home-made  plaids:  specimens  of  home-knitted  stock- 
ings and  socks,  dyed  from  heather,  soot,  crotal  (a  lichen), 
alder-bark,  &c. 

Home-made  gloves,  some  of  wool,  and  one  pair  of  the 
wool  of  the  white  mountain  hare;  exhibited  because  the 
material  is  unusual. 

Knitted  shawl  made  in  the  island  of  Lewis,  and  another 
from  Sutherland.  A  woman's  shoulder  plaid  manufac- 
tured in  the  year  1768,  showing  the  state  of  industry  in 
Lewis  eighty-three  years  ago.  Towel  made  from  flax, 
grown,  spun,  and  woven  in  that  island. 

Sample  piece  of  linsey-woolsey,  made  of  Cheviot  wool 
and  bog  cotton  (^Kriophorum  vaginatum),  the  latter  now 
first  used  in  manufieurtures. 

Sample  of  tweed  made  of  vicima  wool,  and  imder- 
dresses  of  the  same  material. 

Home-made  plaid  blankets,  from  Ross-shire  and  Suther- 
land. 

Highland  brooches,  made  of  carved  bog-oak,  deer's 
teeth,  and  Cairngorms. 

Highland  ornaments :  a  purse,  horn,  skeindhu,  and 
drinking  cup. 

Small  quantities  of  yam^  showing  the  following  native 
dyes,  from  crotal  (a  uchen),  colours,  drab  and  brown 
heather,  yellow,  and  a  specimen  of  green  ;  cudbear, 
(a  lichen),  colours,  drab  and  brown,  and  a  lighter  shade 
alder-bark  and  water-lily  root  {Nymphea  alba  or  Nuphar 
lutea)  black;  soot,  dark  brown;  rhubarb,  buff. 

Specimens  of  rock  crystal,  or  "  Cairngorm,"  from  the 
mountain  of  that  name  in  Inverness-shire.  Native  dye- 
stuffs;  water-lily  root,  alder-bark,  heather,  cudbear  plant 
(a  lichen),  and  crotal  (a  lichen).  Sample  of  bog-cotton 
(^Eriophorutn  vagmatum). 


[The  white  mountain  hare,  mentioned  by  the  exhibitor, 
is  the  Lepus  variabilis,  a  distinct  species  from  the  common 
hare,  and  an  inhabitant  of  the  mountainous  distrieto  only 
in  Britain,  though  in  Ireland  a  variety  of  it  takes  the  place 
of  the  common  hare.  It  is  identical  with  the  hare  of 
Norway. 

The  cotton-grasses,  or  bog-cotton,  are  species  of  sedge 
of  the  genus  Eriophorum,  The  E,  vaginatum,  single- 
headed  cotton-grass,  and  the  E.  polystachion,  a  many- 
headed  species,  are  the  most  common,  and  are  abundant 
in  all  the  bogs  throughout  the  British  Islands.  There 
are  other  kinds  also,  but  rarer.  Their  spikes  axe  invested 
with  long  cottony  hairs,  beautifully  white.  Many  at- 
tempts have  been  made  to  employ  this  substanoe  in  manu- 
factures, for  which  it  seems  well  adi^yted,  but  (until  that 
now  exhibited)  without  success.  The  material  is  verj 
abimdant,  especially  in  Scotland  and  Ireland. — ^E.  F.] 

84  Holmes,  James,  &  Co.,  171  B^ent  Street-^ 

Inventors  and  ManufactureFs. 

Cashmere  quilted  full-dress  or  opera  cloak,  composed 
of  the  finest  white  wool  worked  into  small  diamond- 
shaped  cells,  with  1,200  gold  pendants  of  various  timoB, 
one  being  placed  at  the  point  of  each  alternate  oell.  Hie 
inside  or  lining  is  of  white  satin,  quilted,  with  emble- 
matical wreath  of  the  United  Kingdom.  In  the  oentre 
is  a  figure  of  Britannia^  quilted,  with  wreath  around. 
The  hood  is  in  keeping  with  the  cloak,  qnilted^  with 
device  in  gold  work. 

Registered  shawl  cloak,  woven  in  one  piece,  with  a 
hood  of  same  material,  designed  and  manuBMstured  by 
the  exhibitors. 

Patterns  of  cameleon  cloth,  a  new  materialy*  with  two 
distinct  coloiu*s. 

Cloak,  made  of  the  cameleon  cloth;  registered  by  the 
exhibitors.  

85  WiQBAX  8c  Co.,  Edinburgh — Manufacturers. 

Tartan  plaids,  or  long  shawls  of  various  Highlaiid  dans, 
combined  and  separate. 

86  Solomon,  Sarah,  52  Fork  Road,  Lambeth — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
A  lady's  English  costume  ball-dress,  embroidered  with 
gold  and  silk.     The  costume  fuhioned,  made  up,  and 
embroidered  by  the  exhibitor  alone. 

87  QwATKiN,  Emilt  &  Eliza,  37  Westrnkuter Bridge  Road 

— Designers. 

Bonnet  made  from  cotton,  worked  into  form  by  crochet^ 
and  brought  into  finished  shiqpe  by  registered  method. 

Bonnet  made  of  satin,  of  new  design  and  woi^manship; 
formed  from  300  separate  pieces. 

88  Oliyer,  B.  S.,  Nottingham — Manufacturer  and 

Importer. 
Varieties  of  pasteboard  boxes  for  oontaininglace,  hosisty, 
gloves,  and  fancy  articles. 

89  Miles,  Simeon,  89  BxmhUl  Ano— Producer. 
Variety  of  Berlin  wool  work. 

90  Saxton,  Alfred,  Ab^<»n^A<im— Manufacturer. 
Ladies'   mitts,   cu£fs,   and   gloves,   embroidered   and 

made  of  silk;  neck-ties  and  suk  shawls,  Jaoquard  pat- 
terns, &c. 

**  Antimacassar*'  toilet  covers  and  tray-covers,  oentred 
pattern,  Jacquard. 

91  Shaw,  John,  Radford,  near  Nottingham — 

Manufiicturer. 

Berlin  wool  vest,  made  from  the  stocking  finame,  with 
the  Jacquanl. 

Piece  for  window  curtains  from  the  stocking  frame,  and 
"antimacassaz''  from  the  stocking  frame  (ootton). 


KoraDOM.] 


IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Trakbept  Galleby. 


583 


92  Thubkan,  Piooott,  &  Co.,  Driar  Lane,  Nottingham 

— Maniilanturera  and  Inventors. 
Honeiy  gooda,  mannfactured  under  Thurman's  patent, 
fromailk.  

93  Galloway  k  Sons,  Nottingham — ^ManufsicturerB. 
A  Tar&eiy  of  silk  gloyea. 

94  FoBLET,  John,  Nottingham — ^ICanu&cturer. 
Ladies'  and  gentlemen's  merino  vests,  in  wool  and 

mi»ed  m^twials. 

96  HoLUMB,  S.,  Nottingham — ^Manufacturer. 

Laee  goods.    Machine-made  cotton  Brussels  nets  and 
laoM^  figured  by  the  needle.     Various  hosiery  goods. 


97        MvMOW,  R.  &  J.,  Nottingham — ManufSftcturers. 

Silk  gloves.    Lisle  thread,  spun  silk,  plated  silk,  and 
fleecy  bned  gloves. 
Pitait  Brayuut  gloves;  a  neW  material,  fleecy  inside. 
"  gloves. 


98     CABm  &  GXLBEBT,  Nottingham — Proprietors  and 

Manufacturers. 
Cottan,  Novi  silk,  spun  silk,  merino  and  Cashmere  gen* 
timiflii's  and  ladie^  vests. 


99       HuBtT  &  Sons,  Nottingham — Manufkcturers. 

Brown  and  white,  plain,  open-work,  and  embossed 
ootton  hoee  and  half-hose;  cotton  and  spun  silk  drawers 
and 


100  Allbx  ft  SoLLT,  Nottingham  and  London — 

Mimufacturers. 
Bamplwi  of  hosiery;  with  samples  intended  to  show  the 
ptogiesi  of  cotton-spinning  for  the  hosiery  trade  firom  an 
early  period  to  the  present  time.    Specimens  of  cotton, 
lisle  thread,  linen  thread,  spim-silk,  and  merino  hosiery. 

101  MoBLKT,  J.  &  R.,  London  and  Nottingham — 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  white  cotton  stockings  for  ladies. 
White  Lisle  thread  stockings. 
Balbriggan  stockings. 
Bilk  stockings  with  cotton  tops. 
Silk  stockings. 

Silk  stockings,  laco  open  work. 
Balbriggan  stockings,  lace  open  work. 
Children's  spun  silk  Bragauza  gloves,  fleeced. 
Children's  cr>loured  silk  gloves. 
Fancy  coloured  silk  gloves  for  ladies. 
Chiltlren's  white  cotton  stockings 
Children's  brown  cotton  Derby  ribbed  socks. 
Cliiltiren's  white  Lisle  thread  socks. 
Cliiblren's  white  Lisle  thread  socks,  lace  open  work. 
Children's  sUk  socks,  lace  open  work. 
Cotton  half -hose  for  gentlemen. 
Balbriggan  half-hose. 
Balbriggan  half -hose,  Derby-ribbed. 
Cottonnalf-hose,  with  spun  silk  double  feet  (curious). 
Cotton  half -hose,  with  fancy  merino  feet. 
Derby -ribbed  cotton  half- hose,  with  fancy  merino  foot. 
Cotton  half-hose,  with  real  beaver  feet  (fluiKjrior). 
Derby-ribbed  cotton  half-hose,  with  real  beaver  feet 
(•uperior). 

>  ancy  merino  half-hose. 

Fancy  merino  Derby -ribbed  half  hose. 

Spun  silk  shirts  for  gentlemen. 

Silk  shirts. 

S{nm  silk  Braganza  shirts,  fleeced. 


102       Tbebs  &  Co.,  Blackfriars  i^y/iJ— Manufacturers. 

Ladies'  habit  hat  **  Queen's,"  original  design,  composed 
o{  silk  plush  and  finishoil  ^ith  satin,  under  side  trimmed 
with  plush,  Ijand  and  plumes,  on  fine  cotton  body,  veu- 
tiUted,  light  and  elastic. 

Ladks'  halnt  hat  "Princess,"  original  design. 


Ladies'  habit  hat  "  Duchess,"  original  design,  trinmied 
with  a  fine  brush  feather. 

Ladies'  habit  hat  "  Princess,"  novel  colour,  composed 
of  silver-grey  silk  plush,  finished  with  satin  under  side, 
and  trimmed. 

New  design,  gentlemen's  drab  hats  composed  of  fine 
woollen  cover,  on  cotton  body,  very  light  and  elastic, 
and  well  ventilated,  suitable  for  hot  weather  and  climates, 
being  a  **  non-conductor^'  of  heat. 

Gentleman's  hat,  new  design,  composed  of  silk  plush, 
improved  finish,  cloth  underside,  very  light  and  elastic. 
The  same,  with  original  design. 

103  Berni  &  Melleard,  56  Great  Guildford  Street, 

Southtcark,  and  203  Strand — ^Manufiu^urers. 
Military  and  court  hats,  new  styles.    Napless  beavers. 
Ladies'  black  napless  beaver  riding  hats,  exhibited  for 
their  texture,  and  style. 
Silk  plush  hate,  with  elastic  felt  and  other  bodies. 
Folding  opera  hat,  made  of  velvet. 

104  EvELEioH  &  Son,  Manchester — Manufacturers. 
Various  kinds  of  hats,  in  silk,  felt,  and  cork. 

105  SiMMONDS  &  WooBBiAN,  Oldham— MBiiu&uotaren. 

Beaver  hatting  materials,  firom  the  skin  to  the  hat> 
complete. 

Qentleman's  black  beaver,  drab,  and  napless  hats, 
trimmed  complete. 

Black  silk  hats,  and  patent  reflectors. 

Ladies'  white  and  drab  beaver,  napless,  full  trimmed. 

Child's  white  and  drab  beaver,  napless. 

106  Standish,  Anne,  Kidderminster — Lace-worker 

and  Producer. 
Court  dress  of  needle- work. 


107     Hill,  Luke  Marshal^  Whitby — ^Inventor. 

"  Unique  habit,"  cut  out  in  one  piece,  and  having  no 
seam  on  the  top  of  the  shoulder,  the  outside  of  the  arm, 
or  down  the  middle  of  the  back. 


108  Watts,  William,  Banfjiwy — Inventor. 

Complete  coat,  trousers,  and  gsuters,    in   one  piece, 
without  any  scam. 

109  Waush  &  Co.,  Z^m^o/— Producers. 
Embroidered  over-coat. 


110    OouLDiNO,  Johnson,    llcvcrlcy — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Novel  full-dress  coat,  the  body  of  which  is  cut  out  of 
one  piece  of  cloth,  with  two  seams  instead  of  nine. 


110a  Lee,  J. — Producer. 

Quilted  coat,  and  instrument  for  quilting. 


Ill 


Harris  &  Tomkins,  Abiwjdon,  Berks — 
Manufacturers. 

Two  worke<l  frocks  for  agricultural  labourers,  in  white 
duck ;  the  dosigna  by  Thomas  Watnon.  One  worked  by 
Usuiniih  Stimpson,  a  cottager  of  Ratiley,  Berks;  on  the 
sides  are  the  national  emblems,  the  royal  crown,  dovea 
l^iftring  olive  branches,  intorworked  with  mottoes — '*  Vivat 
Regiua,"  and  "Peace  with  all  the  world."  The  collar  and 
shoulder-straps  bear  appropriate  devices;  the  wristbands 
display  the  royal  crown,  enclosed  in  a  scroll,  iuterworked 
with  the  motto,  "  Lon^'  live  our  gi-acious  Queen."  At  the 
end  are  the  Prince  of  Wales's  featliers.  The  bosom  and 
sleeves  are  fancifully  paugetl,  and  disjilay  the  crown,  rose, 
shamrock,  thistle,  sjirip*,  &c. 

Tlie  other  worked  by  Esther  Stimpson,  sister  of  the  pre- 
ce<ling.  The  nide-work  represents  Industr}*,  with  Fiune 
cro\\'mng  her  with  a  wreath;  al>ove  are  a  whcatsheaf, 
flowers,  &c.  The  collars  cout^un  a^iciiltural  iniploinent*, 
encircled   with  mottoes,   "  God  Hj>ood  the  plough,"   and 


584 


Class  20.— ARTICLES  OF  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Tbansept  Gallery. 


rUKITED 


' '  Success  to  agriculture."  The  shoulder-straps  show  a  hive 
of  bees,  kc. ;  the  wristbands,  oak  boughs  and  acorns;  the 
bosom  and  sleeves  are  gauged  in  the  same  style. 


112    Caulcheb,  J.  D.,  Anstrathcr  Villa,  Boundary  Boad, 
St.  Johris  Wood — Inventor. 
Life-preserving  elastic  cork  jacket,  capable  of  being 
worn  unobserved  under  a  coat  or  a  mantle ;  and,  in  con- 
sequence of  its  pliability,  can  be  worn  comfortably  whilst 
rowing  a  boat,  &c. — Registered. 


113  DoUDNBY,    E.,  17    Old  Bond  St.,    25  Burlington 

Arcade,  and  49  Lombard  Street — Inventor  and 
Maker. 
The  waterproof  Irish  poplin  registered  cloak.  The 
application  of  the  waterproofing  process  to  Irish  poplin 
protects  it  from  injury  by  wet,  and  renders  it  suitable 
for  ladies'  dresses,  for  yachting,  and  exposure  to  wet  and 
damp.  

114  Lewis  &  Son,  1  Quiet  Street,  and  1  John  Street, 

Bath — Designers . 
Over-coat,,  of  novel  design  and  light  texture. 


115    DiNOLET,  W.  &  S.,  Sherborne,  Dorset — ^Inventors. 

A  new  overcoat,  combining  a  paletot,  trousers,  and 
railway  wrapper,  which  may  be  used  or  not  at  pleasure, 
for  walking,  driving,  or  ridmg;  registered  as  "  Dingley's 
Protector. 


115a   Cross,  C,  &  Co.,  Corporation  Street,  Manchester — 

MsLnufi&cturers. 

Articles  of  clothing  made  by  power-loom. 


116     Fry,  John  Liddon,  H^miton,  Devon — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 

Dress  coat:  the  body  is  cut  in  one  piece,  without  back, 
body,  under-arm  or  lappel  seams.  Round  jacket,  similarly 
cut. 

Registered  measure,  called  by  the  inventor  the  "cardinal 
point  measure  and  rule,"  for  taking  the  dimensions  of  the 
human  figure,  and  adapted  to  every  variety  of  shape. 


117      Gbiftin,  Benjamin,  Hifjh  Street,  Leominster, 

Herefordshire — Inventor. 
Four  arithmetical,  geometrical,  and  self-variable  systems 
of  cutting  in  one  book.  These  systems  contain  a  number 
of  mathematical  figures  or  diagrams,  to  form  certain 
shapes,  for  making  coats,  vests,  trousers,  and  other 
garments. 

lis    McGee,  J.  O.,  &  Co.,  Belfast — Manufacturers. 

Embroidered  vests:  the  designs  are  by  pupils  of  the 
Belfast  Qovemment  School  of  Design;  and  the  em- 
broidery the  work  of  poor  girls  who  hive  been  only  nine 
months  under  the  tuition  of  the  exhibitors. 


119  Smith,  Charlotte,  ^«f/ord— Inventress. 
Patent  symmetrical  corsets,  enabling  the  wearer  to  re- 
gulate the  pressure  of  the  stay  (as  may  be  required)  in  a 
simple  manner. 

Patent  **  soccopedes  elasticus,"  or  elastic  silk  boots, 
manu£BM^ured  by  Mr.  Longdon,  of  Derby.  The  top  part 
is  woven  all  in  one  piece,  and  being  composed  of  an 
extensible  material,  with  elastic  anUe-band,  it  adapts 
itself  to  the  shape  of  the  leg  and  foot,  without  side-springs 
or  lacings,  and  gives  support  to  the  ankle. 

120  Gallaway,  T.,  43  Alhitm  Street,  Leeds— 

Manufacturer. 
Three  woven  corsets. 


121        Oddy,  S.,  Armley,  Leeds — ^Manufacturer. 

Coloiu^  fine  wool  shawls,  with  embroidered  comers, 
and  other  ornaments. 


122  Tinbley,  J.,  &  Co.,  Xtfdcb— Manufiustaran. 
Improved  woven  corsets  for  ladies,  without  a  seam; 

made  of  prepared  cotton  yam,  free  finom  any  dressing 
composition ;  exhibited  for  shape^  workmanship,  and 
utility.  

123  Middlebrook,  T.,  Leeds — MahTifcctgrar. 

Military  officer's  cap  and  cover.  Black  silk  velvet 
smoking  or  carriage  cap. 

124  Haley,  William,  XMcb — Inventor  and 

Manu&cturer. 
Protection  travelling  cap,  peculiarly  adapted  for  cold 

climates.  

125  MoLLADY,  John,  &  Sons,  Wanei^ — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  showing  the  manufacture  of  a  stuff  hat^  firom 
the  raw  material  through  seven  different  stages  to  the 
complete  hat. 

New  design  of  a  lady's  embossed  felt  bonnet,  trimmed* 

Stuff  rustics,  novel  styles ;  sombrero  hats,  varied  oolonis; 
new  designs  in  children's  fancy  hats,  and  coloured  felt 
bonnets. 

Silk  hats,  ventilating,  cork,  and  gossamer  hats,  exhibited 
for  lightness  and  elasticity. 

Light  zephyr  hat,  weight  under  three  ounces.  The 
lightness  is  attained  by  the  introduction  of  a  new  com- 
bination of  material  in  the  body. 

Welsh  lady's  hat;  "  Cardiganshire;"  of  improved 
design. 

[By  the  technical  term  "stuff  hats,''  is  meant  the  best 
description  of  hats  made  in  imitation  of  beaver.  In  these 
hats  the  fur  of  various  ftntmA.1«  is  employed,  and  Is  applied 
to  a  foundation  which  is  rendered  waterproof  by  ihe  a{^- 
oation  of  spirit  vamiriieB.  The  annual  valne  of  stuff  hats 
produced  in  this  country  is  taken  to  be  about  800,000/.] 

126  Carrington,  Samuel  &  Thomas,  Stockport — 

Manufacturers. 

Pearl,  drab,  and  silvery-cloth  and  felt  hats,  raised  napw 

Brown  nutria,  natural  colour,  felt  hat,  made  of  beaver 
and  other  furs. 

Fawn  or  buff,  and  other  kinds  of  felt  hats,  light  and 
elastic. 

Silvery  grey  and  black  hats. 

Brown  felt  fishing  hat;  watei^roof,  soft,  and  flexible* 

Felt  rustics,  of  various  qualities. 

Ladies'  flexible  felt  riding  hats. 

Children's  felt  hats,  natural  colours. 


126a    Pearson,  John,  7  Oorse  Brow,  dfoei^Mfi— 

ManufisMiturer. 
White  beaver  bonnet. 


127  Taylor  &  Co.,  St,  James  Street,  EoekMe-^ 

Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  silk  plush  for  hats. 

127a  Lees,  A.,  Manchester — ^MannfMstnrer* 

Felt,  velvet,  and  alpaca  hats.    Cloth  c^m, 

128  McRas,  John  Jamiebon,  Newark,  ifo<£»— Designer 

and  Inventor. 

A  triple  stay,  adapted  for  use  in  portions  (ft  male  attire 
whith  require  to  be  made  strong. 

A  waistcoat  which  can  be  lengthened  or  shortened  at 
pleasure,  with  the  triple  stay  attached,  adi^ited  for 
summer  wear. 

Finest  alpaca  summer  coat,  with  the  triple  stay  attached  ; 
with  four  pockets,  weight  6  oz.,  and  can  be  worn  either 
side. 

A  waistcoat  of  improved  form  and  arrangement,  made 
to  supersede  the  use  of  braces  across  the  shoulders.  Tlie 
fabric  was  manufiactured  by  Messrs.  Aaron  PMoe  and 
Co.,  Clayton  West,  near  Huddemfield. 

An  improved  self-sustaining  top  to  drawers^  intaiided  to 
supersede  the  use  of  belts. 


EXSODOM.] 


f 

IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Transept  Gallkbt. 


585 


128a  Johnston,  J.,  Stirling — Manufikctiirer. 

Hose,  ihowiiig  improvements  at  different  periods. 

129  Patebson,  J.,  Dumfries — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
A  w«b  of  pttfctamsy  a  vest,  several  vest  pieces,  and  half- 
boss.    AH  made  on  the  common  stocking  frame,  and 
exhibited  for  warmth,  durability,  and  design. 

130  RoBEBT,  R.,  Post  Street,  Carnarvon,  Wales — 

Manufacturer. 
linaey  drones,  scarfis,  aprons,  and  petticoat. 

131  DaBUKO,  G.,  35  Oeorge  Street,  Perth — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Gentleman's  hat,  thoroughly  waterproof  and  ventilated; 
tba  mode  of  ventilation  being  quite  novel.     Highland 
bomietB.  

132  GiBSOB,  Capt.,  Perthshire — Producer. 
Sbepherd*!  plaid  of  natural  colour. 

133  Ladio,  John,  Hawick,  Scotland — Manufacturer. 

Fattams  of  hoaienr  and  under-clothing  knitted  upon  the 
gioekiiig-firame,  made  from  Australian  wools. 


134  EUldden,  Aubxaxdeb,  &  Sons,  Aberdeen — 

Manufacturers. 
Knitting  worsteds,  spun  from  British  wools.      Card 
oontaining  1,000  colours,  dyed  on  worsteds  manufactured 
from  Britiah  and  Saxony  wools.    Knitted  worsted  shawl 
and  hoaery.  

135  SXABT,  RiCHABD,  10  Upper  Eaton  Street, 

Orotvem»r  Place — Inventor. 
The   "Subclavian  sector" — so  called  by  its  measures 
besDg  iakao  from  the  armpit ;  an  apparatus  for  obtaining 
more  eorrect  measurement  of  the  hiunan  body. 

135a     Cattanach,  Chables,  Aberdeen — Inventor. 

Apparatus  for  measuring  the  human  figure,  and  for 
transferring  the  measure  to  cloth  so  as  to  produce  an 
exact  fit  of  garment. 


1.3*5      Rot,  Jessie,  Frrnfhill,  Ahrrdeen — Inventor. 

A  landscape,  knitted  in  Berlin  worsteds.     A  pair  of 
■t<:>cking»,  with  Cashmere  pattern. 


l'.\7    Wood,  Janet,  St'meharcn,  Scotland — Manufactui*er, 
Pair  of  fancy  knitted  worsted  gloves. 


1-38      Webb,  Capt.  Theodosics,  R.E.,  Woolirich — 

Producer. 
Specimen  of  knitting  from  the  Shetland  Islea,  showing 
•-i»^)  |»&ttenu  used  by  the  inhabitants.  The  art  of  dyeing 
w^»^l  ij*  ormmdereti  to  have  been  taught  them  by  Sitauiards 
wTtJcked  there,  after  the  dispersion  of  the  "Invincible 
Armada."  

1 39  Whitehead,  William,  8c  Son,  41  Smth  Briilje 
Street,  Kdinh'injh — Manii factu rers . 
Tartan  hoee,  clan  Brearlalbiuie  (or  Campbell),  made  on 
a  X<».  '.VI  gaze-frame;  each  pair  containing  l,30n  diamonds 
(or  »*quareM)  made  from  fine  worsted.  Clan  MacDuff,  con- 
taining r>4<»  diamondM.  Clan  Hoyal  Stuart  silk  tartan, 
BUKle  on  a  No.  42  gaze  3-nec(lle  frame. 


140    Kate,  Fixdlay.  Sc  Co,  L-m-jhAm,  ani  Ghsjo^r — 

Manufivcturen*. 

Cheviot  wool  hose:  six  jMiirs  of  women's  two-thread 
grey,  and  six  pairs  white;  twelve  pairs  children's  white, 
Mini  six  {Kiirs  inen*>*  prey;  twelve  f>air.s  men's  half  hose. 

Six  pairs  women's  hose,  with  ribbed  toi)s.  Saxony 
wool;  tm-elve  pairs  men's  half  hose  pre^y  Shetland  wool; 
tmclre  paint  men's  four-threa<l  brown  half  hose;  twelve 
fji&ir«  men's,  vicima  wool. 

Six  women's  gauze  vestM,  six  children's  gauze  vests, 
and  six  women's  full  dresseH,  all  Cheviot  wool. 


Six  men's  gauze  pantaloons,  and  six  men's  three-thread 
pantaloons,  of  Cheviot  wool.  Three  men^s  four-thread 
Saxony  wool  pantaloons;  six  men's  two-thread,  and  one 
ribbed,  Cheviot  wool,  pantaloons. 

Six  men's  vests,  of  Cheviot  wool,  with  long  sleeves, 
double-breasted,  and  shaped  shoulder;  six  of  the  same, 
single-breasted.  Six  pairs  of  No.  two  and  three-thread 
white  worsted  knit  hose. 


141    Scott,  Peter,  9  South  Bridge,  Edinburgh — ^Designer 

and  Manufacturer. 
The  V-breasted  and  swivel-collared  shirt. 


142  Maoleszie,  William  Bailue,  126  Princes  Street, 

Edinburgh — Proprietor. 

Articles  knitted  b^  the  hand  in  the  Shetland  Islands, 
from  the  wool  of  then*  sheep. 

Shawls;  handkerchief;  child's  frock;  veils  of  the 
natural -coloured  wool;  white  and  coloured  gloves;  ladies' 
white  and  coloured  mitts ;  ladies'  brown  and  white  stock- 
ings, very  fine  wool;  an  extremely  fine  pair  of  stockings; 
natural -coloured  socks;  white  knee-caps;  brown  leggings, 
natural  colour;  sleeves;  ladies'  caps;  nightcaps;  wigs; 
comforters,  and  shirt. 

Specimen  of  Shetland  yam,  handspun;  and  of  the 
Shetland  wool,  as  it  is  taken  from  the  sheep. 

Articles  that  are  knitted  in  Fair  Isle,  one  of  the  Shet- 
land Islands. — Fair  Isle  socks,  gloves,  vest  piece,  com- 
forter, and  cap. 

Shawls  and  veils,  knitted  by  the  hand  in  Shetland  from 
a  thread  spun  by  machinery,  composed  of  wool  and  silk 
together. 

[Knitting  is  the  chief  employment  of  the  female  inha- 
bitants of  these  isles  in  their  own  homes.  Stockings 
have  been  made  there  from  a  very  ancient  period  ;  but 
the  fanciful  knitting,  comprising  shawls,  &c.,  is  of  recent 
introduction.] 

143  Johnston,  James  &  George,  Paisley,  and  2  Chapter 

JloHse  Court,  St.  J'tiuTs, 

Buckram  and  Paris  net  bonnet  tops  and  crowns,  manu- 
factured by  steam  p<jwer. 


144  LaCGHLAND,  J.,  KilmnrwKk,  Scotland-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Australian  sheep's  wool. 

White,  green,  blue,  and  scarlet  yam,  and  an  oflBcer's 
dress  bonnet,  showing  the  process  of  knitting. 

Knitted  bonnet ;  milled  bonnet ;  finished  bonnet,  as 
used  by  the  officers  of  the  42nd,  72nd,  74th,  78th,  and 
92nd  Highland  regiments;  all  from  Australian  wool. 

New  regulation  fonige  caps;  Serjeant's,  blue;  private's, 
blue,  scarlet,  and  crimson. 

Old  reppdation  fonigc-caps;  Serjeant's,  blue,  with  white 
band ;  private's,  blue,  with  scarlet  band. 

Prince  Charlie  bonnet.     Turkish  crimson  cap  or  bonnet. 

Bsil  moral  bonnet.     Glcngsirry  bonnet. 

Gentleman's  head-dress. 


145         RiTCniE,  Pftfer,  Kihruxmock,  Scothind — 

Manufaicturer. 
Regulation  militarj'  fonifce  caps  : — Serjeant's,  bine  and 
rife-green.  Serjeant's,  71st  Highlanders,  Light  In fantrj'. 
Serjeant's,  with  plaid  bonier.  OfHcer's,  with  white  band. 
Scarlet  Fez  cap.  Officer's,  light  blue  cap.  Prince 
(.'harlie  caps,  blue  and  grey.  Pine  Rjilmonil  cap.  Grey 
Glengjirry  caj),  with  plai<l  bonier.  Caledonian  hats, 
black,  grey,  an<l  green.  Specimens  of  the  military  and 
other  caps,  **Hetuj>." 

14G    MriR,  John,  J.,  &  Co.,  l.VJ  Queen  Stro-t,  Olas,jn'r  - 

Man  ufjictu  rers. 
Specimens    of  various    hand-loom    woven    ginghams, 
cravatfl,  and  handkerchiefs,  plain  and  twilled. 


586 


Class  20.— ARTICLES  OP  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[UHrrno 


147    Kincaid-Lennox,  F.  M.,  Lennox  Qtstle,  Lennox- 
town,  &  9  Arlington  St.,  Piccadilly — Proprietor. 

Linen  and  cotton  shirts,  made  in  Glasgow;  exhibited  to 
Bhow  the  quality  of  plain  British  needlework. 


147  a    Ruttens,  Helene,  13  Charles  Street,  Soho  Square — 

Inventor. 
Fan,  travelling,  and  specimen  bonnets,  in  silk. 


148    Haywood,  Maby,  3  Dyei^a  Buildings,  City  Road — 

Designer. 

A  shawl  of  white  cashmere,  worked  in  braid,  orna- 
mented and  fringed  with  peacock's  feathers,  the  eyes  of 
which  are  disposed  so  as  to  resemble  gems. 

Karrow  fringe,  made  of  the  same  materials. 


149  Jones,  John,  17  Ditke  Street,  Liverpool — Inventor. 

Registered  tailors*  symmetrometer.  Adapted  for  cutting 
coats  and  waistcoats.    The  trousers'  rule. 


149a  Robinson,  J. — Inventor. 

Measuring  apparatus  for  tailors. 

160  Clowes,  F.,  28  Ann  Street,  Birmingham — Inventor 

and  Manufacturer. 
Improved  elastic  coat.     Registered  trousers,   elastic 
riding  belt,  and  brace, 

161  MiNiFiE,  Charles,  Bristol — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Registered  coat  sleeve  shirt. 


162     McCuNTOCK,  James,  &  Co.,  Bamsley — Inventors 

and  Manufacturers. 

Double  silk  elastic  woven  corsets,  with  the  royal  arms 
and  national  emblems  inserted.  Woven  to  fit  the  body, 
and  recommended  for  freedom  of  respiration. 

Thread-wove  corset,  without  seam. 


163  BiBT,  Harford,  Shepton  Mallet,  near  Wells, 

Somersetsliire — Inventor. 

Transitional  coat,  adapted  for  changes  of  the  weather. 

A  frock  coat.  An  open-breasted  vest.  A  double- 
breasted  vest. 

Surtout  as  an  over-coat,  with  concealed  hood  for  tra- 
velling, &c.  

164  Tollet,  G.,  Besley  Jlall,  near  Newcastle, 

Staff ordsh  ire — ^Manufacturer. 
Tippets,  cuffs,  cloaks,  victorines,  and  mufila,  composed 
of  feathers  and  goose  down,  and  made  by  the  needle  and 
thread.  

165  Hodgson,  T.,  jun.,  39  Iron  Market,  Newcastle- 

under-Lytne — ^Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Elastic  corset. 
Invisible  spinal  support. 

166  Clemes  &  Son,  St,  i4i«fe^/— Manufacturers. 

Underground  hats  for  Cornish  miners  and  mine  agents, 
used  for  protection  against  falling  stones,  &c. 

166  a  Beaufort,  Miss,  Cork — Producer. 

Knitted  child's  pelisse. 


167      Mason,  William,  Nexccastle-undar-Lym^ — 

Manufacturer. 

Velvet-nap  hats,  on  an  improved  body.     Waterproof 
beaver  hat. 

Waterproof  felt  hat,  adapted  to  tropical  climates. 

Silk  hat,  on  a  body  of  cashmere. 

Felt  hat,  designed  by  Mr.  Killingworth  Johnson,  re- 
gistered as  the  "  liaphacl." 

Felt  travelling  hat,  registered  as  the  "  Crichton." 


168     Laurence,  Euzabeth,  15  Montpelier  Walk, 
Cheltenham — Manufiebcturer. 

White  French  merino  dress  for  ladies,  braided  and 
trimmed  with  satin.  Crimson  velvet  dran  for  boys, 
braided;  the  design,  the  rose,  shamrock,  and  thistle. 

White  satin  drawn -bonnet. 


1 69  White,  E.,  Edgar  Buildings,  Bath — ^ManufiEusturer. 

Bassinette,  or  infant's  cradle,   completely  funuBhed. 
Infant's  frock  and  robe. 
Lady's  chemise  and  night  dress.     Qentlenum's  shirt. 

160'    ^JiTOAVf AY, 'Mn,,  Brompton,  near  Chatkcun — 

Producer. 
A  baby's  hat  knitted  in  fine  white  silk. 


161     FiRMiN  8c  Sons,  153  Strandand  13  Conduit  Street, 
Bond  Street — Manufacturen. 
Specimens  of  buttons.    Stars  of  the  Order  of  the  Gar- 
ter, the  Thistle,  and  St.  Patrick.     Swotxls  for  officers  in 
the  army  and  navy,  &c. 


162  Hurst  &  Reynolds,  100  New  Street,  Birmingham^ 

Manufacturers. 
Ladies*  stays  or  corset,  to  fasten  and  unfasten  instanta- 
neously without  lacing. 

162  A  Beeston,  J.  S.,  S trails s  Cottages,  Hammersmith — 

Producer. 
Inflated  railway  caps. 

163  Firkins,  Jos.,  &  Co.,  Worcester — ^Manufiustuicrs. 
Ladies'  habits.     Black  and  coloured  French  kid  gloves. 

Centlemen's  black  and  coloured  calf  gloves.     Cape-goat 
gloves. 

Beaver,  Norway  doe.  Buck,  Lisle,  Berlin,  and  doth 
gloves;  improved  thumbs  and  new  cut,  &c.  Frovinon- 
ally  registered. 

164  Redgrave,  John,  Wijrccster — Manufacturer. 
Men's  coloiu^d,  black,  and  tan  Cape  gloves;  piqu^ 
Ladies'  white  Cape  gaimtlets. 

Habits— coloured,  maze.  Napoleon  blue,  yellow,  light 
blue,  and  drab.    Made  from  lamb-skins  and  Cape  sheep. 

166    RiDurr,  J.,  St.  PauVs  Churchyard — ManufiEMsturer. 
Ladies'  boots  and  shoes. 


166  The  Local  Committee  of  Newbury,  Berkshire — 

by  Sir  John  Throckmorton. 

An  oil  painting:  Sir  John  Throckmorton  prasentii^ 
two  South  Down  wether  sheep  to  Mr.  John  Uozeter  of 
Qreenham,  Newbury,  Berks,  who  engaged,  on  the  day 
they  were  presented,  to  make  their  wool  into  a  piece  of 
cloth,  that  should  be  made  into  a  coat  by  9  o'dock  of 
the  same  evening. 

The  sheep  were  immediately  shorn,  and  the  wool  sorted 
and  spun.  The  yam  was  spooled,  warped,  loomed,  and 
woven.  The  cloth  was  burred,  milled,  rowed,  dyed,  dried, 
sheared,  and  pressed.  The  cloth  having  been  thus  made 
from  the  fleece  in  1 1  hours,  was  put  into  the  hands  of 
the  tailor  at  4  o'clock  in  the  afternoon,  who  completed 
the  coat  at  20  minutes  past  G,  having  bemi  only  2  hours 
and  20  minutes  in  making  it :  Mr.  Coxeter  then  presented 
the  coat  to  Sir  John  Throckmorton,  who  appeal^  with 
it  on,  before  a  large  assembly  of  spectators. 

167  Norman,  S.  W.,  4  Oakley  Street,  Lambeth— 

Inventor  and  Bianuiacturer. 
Ladies*  cork  and  leather  light  waterproof  boots. 
Ladies'  shoes. 


168     LoNODON,  R.,  and  Sons,  Derby — Manofiicturers. 

Patent  frame-work  gloves,  without  any  seam  on  one 
side. 

Smith's  patent  "  Soccopedes  Elasticus.**  This  boot 
requires  no  lacing. 


Kjkgdom.] 


IMMEDIATE,  PERSONAL,  OR  DOMESTIC  USE. 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


.  687 


168  a    Helps,  MLsb,  London  Road,  Liverpool — ^Producer. 
Qutta  percha  articlee. 

1 69  PoOBE,  J.  B.,  9  Princes  Court,  Banner  St,  St.  Lukt^s— 

Designer  and  Maniifacturer. 
A  Udfs  yictorine,  with  cuffs,  made  of  feathers,  oma- 
nkentally  arranged.    Original  design  and  manufacture. 

170  Barfobd, Fbed.,  Marketplace,  St.  Albans, 

Hertfordshire — Inventor. 

Registered  "Brasilianpakn-leaf  Wellington"  hats.  This 

hat  has  a  feather  edge,  interwoven  with  the  palm  leaf. 

It  is  also  interwoven  with  various-coloured  straws,  forming 

a  brim  and  band,  and  dispensing  with  any  ribbon  or  other 


Tb»  '*  Princess  Alice"  hat  for  yoimg  ladies,  formed  only 
of  the  palm-leaf,  with  a  fancy  band,  brim  and  feather 
ed«. 

The  "Chinese"  hat,  with  a  fancy  band,  brim  and  fea- 
ther edge,  also  made  of  the  palm-leaf. 

Three  willow  hats  of  the  English  willow-tree. 

[The  Braadlian,  or  palm-leaf,  is  of  great  size  and  sub- 
stance, and  the  tree  is  indigenous  to  South  America. 
After  its  importation,  it  undergoes  various  processes,  as 
bleaching,  ftc.,  for  the  improvement  of  its  colour,  and  to 
render  it  soft,  pliable,  and  available  for  working  ;  it  then 
becomes  light,  durable,  and  useful.  The  above  hat  is 
accompanied  by  a  portion  of  the  palm-leaf.] 

171  Abhton,  a.,  George  Street,  Portman  Square — 

Inventor. 
Registered  bonnet  and  case. 

172  Eluott,  W.,  Dvtnstable,  Beds — Manufacturer. 
Straw  hats,  bonnets,  plait,  and  fancy  straw  articles. 

172  a    Coopeb,  J.  J.  k  G.,  Bwistable,  Bedfordshire— 

Manufacturers. 
Straw  hats  and  bonnets.  Plait,  and  fancy  straw  articles. 


173  MiHBS,  CoNNELL,  &  Brodie,  Luton,  Bedfordshire — 

Manufivcturera. 

Specimens  of  plaits  and  bonnets  manufactured  from 
wheat  straw  gro\*Ti  in  BeclfordHhire. 

Wheat  straw  ao  taken  from  the  fields,  prepared  for 
milking  whole  straw  plait;  prepared  for  Rplitting;  Bplit 
ready  ft>r  plaiting;  whole  straw  plait,  whipcord,  and  im- 
proved whipcord  plait. 

Luton,  Devon,  China,  Coburg,  and  pearl  ;  Coburg, 
Bedford,  Indiana,  Brussels  Cobiu^,  tulip,  and  fancy- 
tulip  plait. 

Luton  patent  improved  whijicord,  patent  wLipcortl, 
Indiana,  satin,  porcupine,  diamond,  split  Coburg,  and 
China  pearl  rice,  Be<lf4)rd  plait. 

Liuiiert*  bonnets,  including  whole-straw,  whole-whip- 
c<^»rd,  improved  whi|xjor(l,  Luton,  fine  jxitent,  fine  split, 
tulip,  fancy  tulip,  Indiana,  Bnisseln,  Coburg,  and  fancy 
fplit,  improveil  and  patent  rice,  wliii>conl,  diamond, 
China  jiearl,  Bedfonl,  split  Coburg,  fancy  split  Coburg, 
an*!  fancy  colounxl. 

Maid's  whole  whi|»conl,  and  girl's  fancy  Albert,  and 
child**  patent  l>onnetrt. 

Bt>yi*  fancy  Coburg,  and  improved  hats. 

174  LixiLLATEB,  — ,  Shetland  hies — Producer. 
Specimens  of  knitting  peculiar  to  the  Shetliuid  Isles. 


175     Kearse,  Thomas,  40  (;c;r>je  Street,  Limerick, 

Trei  I  ltd — Design  e  r. 

Winter  and  summer  overcoat  combinc<l,  composed  of 
Irifih  frieze  and  tabinct,  and  capable  of  various  trans- 
fMmiations. 

W;iistcoat  of  Irish  fricsw  and  t'lbinet,  of  similar  con- 
struction.    Tnm««c'rs  of  Irish  frieze. 

Infantry  coat  and  ca\'alry  waidtooat,  lined  ^ith  Irish 
taUnei. 


176  Farranoe,  Miss,  Wicklow,  /r<?/and— Producer. 
Knitted  stockings. 

177  Vincent,  R.,  Glastonbunf — ^Manufecturer. 

Suit  of  leather  clothes,  made  to  imitate  superfine  black 
cloth. 

177a       Stewart,  Jane,  Templetrine  Olebe,  Bandon, 

Ireland — Proprietor. 
Articles  made  at  the  Templetrine  industrial  school  by 
the  poorest  class  of  the  peasantnr,  vie:  coarse  ribbed 
gentlemen's  white  socks.  Knitted  long  and  short  black 
silk  mittens.  Children's  knitted  silk  socks.  Fine  white 
knitted  ladies'  stockings  and  mittens. 


178         Kelly,  J.  &  Co.,  98  High  Street,  Kilkenny, 

Ireland — Manufacturers. 
Buckskin  hunting  breeches;  buckskin  raw  material,  &c. 


179  Nairn,  Thomas  Graham,  Limerick — 

Manufacturer. 

Irish  uniform  frock-coat,  for  the  Royal  Horse  Artillery. 

Irish  frieze  national  cape,  flowered  at  bottom;  with  the 
frieze  cut,  and  sewed  on;  without  seams,  and  cut  out  of 
the  piece. 

Insh  frieze  paletot-jacket,  for  shooting,  fishing,  and 
walking. 

180  WooDHOUSE,  John,  39  Lotcer  Ormond  Qtu^y,  DuUm 

— Manufacturer. 
Oilt  and  plated  buttons.     German  silver  letters  and 
figures.    Brass  mountings  for  military  accoutrements. 

181  Peasants,  Female,  of  Wexford,  /r«/<wiJ— Producers. 

Samples  of  Traneen  grass,  plaited  in  the  Leghorn  and 
Tuscan  style. 

182  Maher,  Louisa,  Ballinkeele,  Ennisoorthy,  Ireland 

— Proprietor. 

Samples  of  Cjfnosurus  cristatus  grass,  or  Traneen;  and 
of  rye  straw.     Plait  of  these  articles. 

Articles  made  of  Traneen  plait,  viz.,  hat,  bonnets, 
flower-stands,  and  basket;  and  of  rye  straw  plait,  viz., 
hat  and  basket. 

Samples  of  black,  white,  and  coloured  floor-matting. 

Twenty-four  varieties  of  plait  for  bonnets  made  of 
Traneen. 

[The  Cf/nosiinis,  calletl  in  English  crested  dog's-tail 
grass,  forms  a  large  part  of  all  good  pastures,  la\«i8,  &c., 
in  England  and  Wales. — J.  L.] 

183  Wilson  &  Son,  Pn-^jheda  Street,  DiiJAin— 

Manufacturers. 

Bidbriggan  hosiery. 


184  Dicks,  W.,  IVvrtV— Manufacturer. 

Lamb-skin  gloves. 


185     Ensor,  Tuomas,  Milhtme  J*urf,  near  Sherborne — 

Manufacturer. 

Fur  and  kid  gloves.  Gloves  lined  with  silk  plush,  wools, 
lamb-skin,  &c.  Goat,  calf,  lamb,  sheep,  doer,  and  fawTi 
gloves. 

Patent  glove,  x^ith  a  small  purse  insei-tcd  in  the  palm 
of  the  left  hand.  

180  WniTBY,  E.,  }V.^i7— X;uiufacturcr. 

Skins  in  various  stages  of  manuf;icturt»,  tmd  gloves. 


187  Pitman,  J.,  -V»7Wnc /'or<— Manufacturer. 
An  as.sortment  of  gloves. 

188  Rawlings,  Joseph,  B.,  AfJjey  Silk  Mills,  SherlnjivM, 

Ihjrset — Manufacturer. 
Gloving  and  sewing  silks,  for  tambour,  of  various  shatlos. 
Scarf;  half -twist  cloth,  &c.,  of  Bu^iorior  (quality. 


588 


Class  20.— ARTICLES  OP  CLOTHING,  FOR 
South  Transept  Gallery. 


[Ukited 


189  Monet,  Elizabeth,  Woodstock,  Oxon — 

Manufacturer. 

Lamb-Bkin,  as  received  from  the  leather-dresser. 

Drawn,   round,  and  seam  gloves,   manufactured  from 
lamb-skins. 

English  fawn-skin  riding  gloves  for  ladies. 


190  CoBRY,  John  &  James,  Queen  Camel,  neat  Teovil, 

Somerset — Manufacturers. 
Coloured  and  white  lamb-skins. 

Eadies'  and  gentlemen's  coloured  and  black  leather 
grain  gloves. 

191  Mathieson,  Lady,  Letns  Castle,  Stomoway — 

Producer. 

Embroidered  muslin  skirt,  worked  by  the  children  at 
the  school  in  the  Hebrides. 

Two  p»ir  of  hand-screens,  made  from  feathers  of  wild 
birds  in  the  outer  Hebrides,  by  Miss  Cameron  of  Stomo- 
way. 

192  Thompson,  John,  &  Co.,  Kendal — ManufiEbcturera. 

Hand-knit  Guernsey  frocks  (or  woollen  shirts).  Scar- 
let and  fawn  caps;  single  scarlet;  fancy  striped;  and 
striped  Kilmarnock  caps.  Fancy  Glengarry  and  plaid 
caps  (or  bonnets).  Striped  fleecy  and  mUled  mitts. 
Wad-milled  overalls  (or  boot-hose). 


193    Fry,  James,  Godalming,  Surrey — Manufieu^turer. 

Fine  Lisle-thread  hose  embroidered.  Four-thread  hose, 
plain. 

Fleecy  breast-plates.  Segovia  shirts  and  pantaloons. 
Merino  shirts  and  vests. 

Cotton  pantaloons,  drawers,  and  shirts. 

The  thi^  preceding  articles  are  all  indifferent  qualities. 


194  Holland,  Thomas,  &  Co.,  Langham  Factory, 
Oodilming — Inventors,  Manufacturers,  and  Pro- 
prietors. 

Ladies*  dresses;  waistcoats,  petticoats,  drawers,  8cc. 

Men's  shirts,  trousers,  drawers,  hose,  &c.,  manufactured 
of  a  fleecy  wool,  different  from  any  hitherto  adopted  for 
imder  clothing. 

Similar  articles  in  "Segovia;"  likewise  prepared  from  a 
peculiar  wool;  also,  in  **  double  Segovia,"  and  in  silk  and 
wool. 

Men's  trousers,  shirts,  and  hose,  in  cotton.  Cloth  for 
outside  wear. 

Over-coat,  exhibited  for  lightness  and  warmth. 

Elastic  cloth,  calculated  for  breeches  and  trousers,  used 
in  riding. 

Registered  waistcoat,  with  elastic  ribbed  back. 

Registered  shirts,  with  elastic  backs,  and  smooth  fronts; 
ribbed  or  plain,  made  from  cotton,  silk  thread,  &c. 


195  Ward,  Sturt,  Sharp,  8c  Ward,  Helper,  Derbyshire, 
ami  89  Wood  Street,  Cheapside — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  hosiery  and  glove  manufactures,  viz. : — 
Hose,  half-hose,  vests,  and  drawers,   in  all  qualities 
from  24  gunge  to  70  guage,  manufactured  from  cotton. 
Lisle  thread,   merino,   cashmere,   silk,  and  spun  silk, 
amongst  which  are  cotton  and  Lisle-thread  hose  made  on 
a  70-guago  frame. 

Gloves,  mitts,  cuffs,  sleeves,  and  caps  made  from  the 
same  materials. 

[By  the  number  of  gauge  is  meant  the  quantity  of  loops 
within  a  given  space,  and  hence  when  these  are  increased 
within  that  space,  the  quality  of  the  fabric  is  increased  in 
delicacy  and  value. 

The  invention  of  the  stocking  frame  is  generally  ascribed 
to  William  Lee,  an  expelled  Cambridge  student,  who, 
watching  the  fingers  of  his  wife,  as  she  toiled  for  their 
mutual  support  by  knitting  stockings,  devised  this 
machine.  By  Elizabeth  and  James  I.,  Lee  was  denied 
that  protection  and  encouragement  due  to  inventors;  ho. 


however,  succeeded  in  receiving,  at  the  hands  of  Sully,  the 
minister  of  the  French  King  Henry,  an  acknowledgmait 
which  was  denied  by  his  own  countrymen.  Lee  died  in 
France,  and  one  of  his  apprentices  brought  the  menufac- 
ture  back  into  England,  where  it  has  been  finally  esta- 
blished and  successfully  carried  out^  Kottingfaam  and 
Leicester  being  its  grand  centres.] 


196  Cartwrioht  &  Warners,  Loughborough,  Leicester 

— Spinners  and  Manu&ctaiers. 

Patent  Angola  and  merino  jstde,  of  Tarions  qualitiee. 
Pfttent  Angola  and  merino  hose,  half-hoee,  and  wo6kB 
(white  and  coloured). 

Shirts,  drawers,  and  ladies'  vests  and  dronoos. 

Cotton  hose  and  half-hose,  with  patent  Angola  anklee 
and  feet. 

197  Taylor  &  Beales,  Z^fcerter^— Manufacturers. 
Worsted,  woollen,  and  cotton  hosiery  of  all  kinds. 


198  Harris,  Richard,  &  Sons,  Leicester — 

Manufacturers. 

Lisle,  Berlin,  military.  Cashmere,  piqne  cloth,  knitted, 
and  lined  gloves.  Tncot  piece  goods.  Cufib.  Mitts. 
Ruffles.  Muffittees.  Socks  and  bootees.  Gaiters  and 
bootakins. 

Caps,  hoods,  hats,  and  bonnets.  Mantillas  and  mufb. 
Neck-ties,  scarfs,  and  boas.     Comforters. 

Sailors'  and  fancy  caps.  Guernsey,  worsted,  and  lambs* 
wool,  fancy  frocks  and  shirts.  Worsted  rests.  Lambs- 
wool  pantaloons.    Fancy  cotton  shirts. 

Antimacassars.  Netted  handkerchiefii  and  shawls. 
Woven  shawls. 

Children's  dresses.    Polkas  and  jackets. 

199  Hudson,  James,  J^eicester — ^liannfactorar. 
Lambs-wool,  Cheviot,  Cashmere,  Saxony,  Victoria,  and 

worsted  hose.     Frame-knitted  cotton  and  worsted  hose. 
A  variety  of  half -hose. 

200  Baines,  John,  Bowling  Green  Street,  Leicester — 

Manufacturer. 
Wool,  worsted,  and  Cashmere  hose  and  half-hoee. 


201  BiLLSON  &  Hames,  Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Children's  socks  and  three-quarter  hose;  worsted  sodcs, 
and  a  variety  of  cotton,  worsted,  Cashmere,  and  merino 
hose. 

202  Angrate  Brothers,  Leicester — Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool  hose,   half-hose,  shirts,  and  pantaloons, 

various  qualities.     Royal  ribbed  and  Cashmere  shirts  and 
pantaloons. 

Ladies'  woollen  vests  and  dresses. 


203  Ward,  Wiixiam,  8c  Sons,  ZWcrs^tfr— ManufactorBrs. 

Patent  fancy  cravats,  boas,  and  pelerines  without  seam. 
Gentlemen's  alpaca  coats  and  capes.    Ladies'  polka  coats. 

Fancy  boots  and  gaiters.  Worsted  and  cotton  hose. 
Wool  frocks. 

204  Beale  8c  Latchmore,  5  Belcoir  Street,  Leicester — 

Manufacturers. 
Lambs-wool  shirts,  pantaloons,  drawers.  Tests,  and 
ladies'  dresses.  White  worsted  ladies*  dresses;  and  men's 
shirts  and  pantaloons,  and  vests.  Royal  ribbed  shirts 
and  pantaloons.  White  Guernsey  shirts;  Canadian  shirts, 
and  pantaloons;  coloured  shirts,  lambs-wool  and  Cash- 
mere hose  and  half-hose. 


205       Biggs  8c  Sons,  Leicester — Manufacturers. 

Men's  worsted,  lambs-wool,  royal  ribbed,  and  cash- 
mere shirts  and  drawers. 

Guernsey  and  Jersey  frocks,  white  and  fancy. 

Women's  worsted,  lambs-wool.  Cashmere,  and  royal 
ribbed  shirts  and  drawers. 


muroiilll,  FIR8GHAL.  (Ht  DCEHEmO  DBB. 


IhMb  «•*«  Utta^  fcr  0rttH^  dor*  toK  *»■ 
Italb  tarifc  (Mte-  Mtmt  ^OMo^  NUdL  of 
MQlllMftI  Wmt,  iBBtoO  hr  |)otw,  witetbt^  *o.. 


O^a  nd  tbO,  nad^  nOw  mckaW  prtcBt,  on  t«U 


Cloth  of  bwH*  fur  aaJ 
■Lui^iiuc-ham* :   <•(  h&re*'   fi 


wool,  with 
if  wool  rrora  tli*  pMhrniH  K°*tj  ^ 
rf  Sottth  Anariw;  of 
w  bcarar;  aod  of  Sbxohv  v(h)1, 
Oloni  «f  buW  for  cloth  and  OMhaww  gMto-iraal 
oAi  liouD*  uid  Sbxoqj. 
OlcrTMori4*Ii>tlinMl-ireb.  madt  m th*  «Vp4n>d>iDe 

*y«HkMof  Uw 


aoe 


■t«f  kiM^  Uf-hoM^  ndaocfa, 


lailw^  aod  giDtiaiiMl'a  wool  Teata  and  drawan. 
l^^t^  wUta  and  colourad  boota. 
[^di^  fiuCT  wool  cob  and  alMTsa.    Hen's  cuSa. 
Chiklnn*a  mufi. 

I^dW  tanc7  wool  trnd-dnaaea.     Infanta'  ttixj  wool 
hooda,  teta,  aod  bonnsta.    Ladled  wool  paletoU. 


209       IClli^  FkiDSHCK  &  Jokm,  Zaionfar— 
aU^  UaU  thrwd,  and  OwhsMM  ^ona. 


211       HusDM,  ■taoMu  106  Agwil  A 

IbDo&Btnrar. 
Tart  batten  for  gi 
oofal,  onyx,  MttMUao,  bloodab 


Bote  da  dMEotaw,    naiaail    i 

maUri^  and  adifUtad  for  qoali^,  di .       _., ^ 

mm.  DnM  atook,  ob  aa  iiurond  win  friiiiMlaHn> 
■ihiUtadbraMaMiddnMUH^.  Di^fuUfrnrtalodn 
irith  «ail)coldM«d  Im*  fon,  aaw  In  d^ipi. 

A  aalaotioa  nf  "miM  nond"  oswti,  wUJi  ai 


218     BtiMBOH,  AxxM,  33  Wood**  JTm^  Orttemtr 
Bqmtn    Mannfcotiuw. 
AqaOUdhhwdkbad-aonri  cshfUud  for  watkK 
a^. 

2131.     Lkbwkx  Locu.  OoMMtm^  BnOmd— 


"MvoM,  Ommwu^  ft  Bm^ui^  Cta^gma — 
KaBnfootnran. 
traw  botmata  and  ^ait,  dm 
from  Tf»  itnLW  grown  In  tha  Oiknaf  lalaodi. 

216  DiTna,  Bksakd,  Sbn^a  Zant, 

Inventor. 
A  hat  nude  of  leather  b;  a  peculiar  pmoeM. 

21 7  BoBCBTS,  Edvard  Botd,  339  Begait  Strtet,  and 

32  Uoorgate,  City. 
The  beaver  (Coator  j!6«r),  applied  to  articles  of  clothing. 


690  OFFICIAL,  DESCRIPTIVE,  AND  ILLUSTRATED  CATALOGUE. 


i 

-Sect.  III. 

1 

^ 

1 

CITTLERY,    KDGE    AND    HANI)    TOOLS. 


INTRODUCTION. 

The  present  Class  in  some  d^rec  CArriM  the  attentioii  a^n  among  tlio  implements  ufteil  in  maniirHcturcp,  and 
oompreheDils  nil  those  touls  not  included  in  Clasfi  C.  Tlic  tools  t>elcinp;ing  (u  the  present  Cinss  are  princi|ially 
uf  the  snullcst  description  employetl  in  arts  requiring  delicacy  and  precision  of  tnuch,  rather  than  the  exercise 
of  mechanical  force.  The  knives  and  other  Bhar(>  inBtrumenls,  coming  under  the  general  dcuoniinatiou  or 
Cutlerj,  are  ohjecte  of  familiar  knowledge  and  employment. 

The  Class  is  divisible  into  two  Sub-Classes ;  the  first  of  these,  A.,  includes  Cutlery,  such  as  Knives  uid 
Porks,  Ten  and  Pocket  Knives,  Razors,  Scissors,  and  Shears ;  of  these  some  are  employed  forjiersonal,  domestic, 
1^  oratuoerclal  pur|x«es — some  for  use  in  vniious  trades  and  handicrafts — and  some  l>elong  to  the  class  of  oma- 
mnit»l  rkther  tlian  useful  articles  ;  ]!.  comprehends  Files  and  other  small  Kdge  Tools,  not  included  among 
lUnufkcturing  Tools  in  Class  6— of  these,  some  arc  applicable  to  the  purposes  of  the  en<!ineer  and  smith,  others 
lo  those  of  masons,  &c,  A  finer  kinil  ia  employed  bv  jewellers,  lapiilaries,  watchmakers,  and  other  workers  in 
phihw^^icy  JDStrumcnts  or  in  precious  metais;  otliers  are  used  for  woodwork  by  caqieuters,  cabinet-makers, 
te.,  and  others  Iw  artists  and  engravers. 

For  those  articles  tn  this  Claiis  which  have  not  been  sent  from  Sheffield,  search  will  be  made  in  llic  North 
Gallery.  The  Sheffield  goods,  bolongin«  in  strict  ]itopric(y  to  tliis  Class,  are  included  amon^:  Itardwani  in  the 
ft^lowing  Class,  and  will  bo  found  in  the  Building  on  the  "South  Siile  of  the  Nave,  about  midway  l-etu-ecn  the 
Transept  and  the  Western  extremity.  The  mnnufactun's  of  Shellield  being  tlie  most  im|iortant,  it  is  necessary 
to  defer  the  notice  of  them  to  the  succeeding  Class,  for  the  reasons  just  slated.  Nevertheless,  in  the  Metropolis 
ilwlf  a  verj-  ci'nsidcrable  ammiMt  of  the  !H.>»t  rli-siTipti.ms  of  articlrs  of  cutlery  are  mn.le ;  but  llic  pnijiortion  of 
Metn>|iiilitiin  :;«ii<ls  in  lliis  de|>artmeiit,  is  Hiiiall  in  niiu|Kiriikiu  with  that  uf  Klitltielil,  iu  which  llic  niiuiulnclure 
uf  cutii'ry  hiilils  a  lusition  uf  the  ^ireatext  extent  and  ini]iiirtanei-. 

Many  of  llie  minute  tmlseniplnycil  in  the  carver's  iirt  niulln  thalof  eii'^raviiiiiani  hcreexhilnted.  Tlicse  tixils 
lutve  aripiiml  nmch  celebrity,  ami  arc  inaiiufikctureil  of  a  suivrior  di'M'ripliou  ofsleel,  and  with  much  nkill  and 
i-m-.  Ahliou^'h  prc-senlin;:  in.  rvtenial  fi-iiture  of  interest,  these  minute  inslnnm^nts  repRwiH  llic  means  bv 
wl.Kh  miK-h  of  what   is  artisticnllv  U'autifnt  ^tnd  pliasln^  to  the  eye  Ims  Wax  iiroliio'd :  the  hi^l'tiuily  which 

■nnsjiicunuwiy  mauifested  in  many  of  the  s]«'ci- 


1               WEiTnEM,v.  Kdwabp.  .1  B.-haont  T<r<Mf, 

LnrKC  l«kj..Liit  koivc-,  with  corkscrews. 

n-.n'l,>r...Ui,:.,..l. 

A   knife,    with    two    bl*ii«,    euikwiMW,    luid    Icnthor 

ThU'»  ww-wt,  IwLnK  a  imtuut  fur  iuiprovcmtiita  m  tbo 

piin^h. 

K'nii'  bliulvil  knivw,  v,-ith  jioaii  nn<t  kIik  h:Hi<IhM. 

Ttir.'u-bliMleil  kniv«s.  with  iwu-1  iukI  n-ry  IiiuuIIm. 

2             THOSSIHLL,  WaI.TBR,    1+4  Xl-w  Ilf,,l.l  l^lnvt    - 

TwD-lihuluil  iH'nknivori,  with  ix'^irl  hsudliM. 

M.-uiiifM.tijrfr. 

1'niui.iK  kuive«  and  .-..li-erwHS. 

St«l  i-hsU'liiLne.  miumfncttired  atU-v  llie  -tv  II-  ,.f  l\„- 

The  nutuiu  siv  so  ttoiutnietcd  lh;it  the  thicknow  of  the 

..Idpirtwd  Htrt-1  w.irk.     S.iMoti".     Breiul   kniveii,   nith 

Wk  and  tlH.  ImiuW.  ol  the  bUMle  fiivo  tiie  cl^e  the 

carrM  Iwx  lui-l  ivrv  hatidlr.-. 

|in>l«r  angle  fi.r  fhaviiiit  with  mw.    Tlii-y  «n.re  carefully 

M™lel  nf  *  pniiiiiiK  ii.-'tninuTit,   f..r  |.nuii»a  t.«--  at 

mj  heitflit,      M.'iiul  .pf  a  llo«Mr-(,-at)iuiii',  vlkh  ..iilrt  ull 

11  l!ieriii..miU.T. 

tUf  flowvr  and  l,..ld-  it. 

Specitowuioti'iitlerj-. 

4       IliJ>rKLi.,  Thomas  CrKsT,  A  Co.,  i-  MM\- 1:--. 
//„;  .„■„--  M:in  u  fiiet  iin^in . 

/r.f.i.»i-Miunir.i.-l.iivrH. 

IUkt..    wilh    iwiri    mi.l    t..i-t..i«.Hli,.ll    h^iiidle-,    t-"ld 

Ti.).l.^cii!l.'niii..d.-iii  l,..:„l.,ii. 

turw.  l^M'.  a.,.l  p.i.i  i.1;i1.-i  L«i.l«. 

Kllli^"■:mt^■  mA  tmelk'i-    |ir..iuet..r,  or  biuyl.ir-'   iiili 

K»*.n.,  »-ilh  iv..r*-  iir.ii.lU^  mi.i  ViIv.t  liilu'l,.. 

mUU.„: 

A  knif.-,  Willi  l«'k-joiut,  kn,-o  U.u\.:  |.'n  l.t^ulo.  hntt..Ti 

h-v*.  rork«i\'»,  Ic^illjLT  pnnth,  gniii-iekcr.  tftiM  huax-l. 

han.ll.-.  I..V  uhiHi  ll..-  ,-.,.i,ihLs  ■■!  tlic  -.iif.uc  ,,.  i.iv-.  iw.J, 

592 


Clam  21.— cutlery,  EDGE  AND  HAND  TOOLS. 

North  Gallery. 


r  Ukitep 


5  Kino  &  Peach,  //«//— Manufacturers. 

Specimens  Bbowing  the  different  stages  in  the  manu- 
facture of  a  moulding  plane. 

Moving  fillister,  with  the  fence  fixed  in  the  usual 
manner,  and  with  improved  fence. 

A  sash-fillister,  for  making  the  rebate  in  a  sash-bar. 


6         Deane,  Dray,  &  Deane,  London  Bridge,  City — 

Proprietors. 

Set  of  superior  table  and  dessert  cutlery,  with  steel, 
French  pattern,  three-prong  forks,  with  grand  and  game 
carvers,  and  parallel  table  steel  to  correspond. 

Table  and  dessert  knives,  silver  ferrules  ;  grand  carvers, 
game  carvers,  and  hexagon  table  steel ;  vegetable  four- 
prong  fork. 

Table  and  dessert  knives,  fluted  ivory;  with  grand 
and  game  carvers,  and  knife  sharpener. 

Table  and  dessert  knives,  Waterloo  balance,  with  grand 
and  game  carx'ers. 

Mother-of-pearl  silver  plated  dessert  knives  and  forks, 
fluted  handles. 

Ivory  German  firame  spear-point  bowie-knife ;  stag 
German  frame  clip-point,  polished  and  glazed. 

Ladies'  superior  fine  scissors. 


Morton,  J.  &  G.,  8  Great  Turnstile,  Lincoln* 8  fnn 
Fields,  and  39  Chcapside — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  London-made  table  cutlery. 


8       Wood,  J.,  28  Spurrier  Gate,  York — Manufacturer. 

Registered  York  razor,  having  a  level  or  slope  only  on 
one  side.  Specimens,  showing  the  different  stages  of 
manufacture. 


9 


CowvAN,  Bernard  &  Samuel,  164  Fcnchurch 
Street — Inventors. 
Canton  strop,  or  Chinese  razor-sharpener. 


10     Sharpe,  J.  &  R.,  5  Gough  Sqttare — Manufacturers. 
Table-knife  cutlery,  manufactured  in  London. 


1 1       Addis,  Samuel  Joseph,  20  Gravel  Lane,  Southtcark. 
Tools  used  by  carvers. 


1 2        Mechi,  John  Joseph,  4  Lcadmhall  Street-^ 

Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  British  cutlery,  razors,  scissors,  pen- 
knives, and  table  knives,  in  cases. 

Specimen  razor  and  table  knife,  made  from  the  finest 
tempered  steel. 

Specimen  of  the  rough  steel  from  which  they  were 
manufieu^ured;  and  specimens  showing  the  various  stages 
of  the  process. 

[In  the  succeeding  class  will  be  found  various  notes 
giving  account  of  the  process  of  manufactiu^  of  cutlery 
generally.  This  manufacture  is  carried  on  principally  at 
Sheffield  ;  but  it  is  also  prosecuted  in  other  towns,  as  in 
the  Metropolis,  though  to  a  very  limited  extent.] 


13 


MosELEY,  John,  A  Son,  17  &  18  Xcir  Street, 
Cormt  Garden — Manufacturers. 
Specimens   of  planes  and  various    other    tools,   with 
modem  improvements. 

Tool  chests,  containing  tools,  adapted  to  the  various 
branches  of  mechanical  skill. 
Cutlery,  needles,  &c. 


1 5  LOY,  W.  T.,  jun.,  60  St.  Martin's  Lane— 

Designer  and  Manufiicturer. 

Specimens  of  cutlery.     Registered  razors  fitted  with 
the  Tudor  guards. 

Razors,  with  carved  ivory  and  chased  metal  handles  in 
bronze,  silver,  and  electro-gilt. 

Carving  knives  and  forks^  and  other  arUcIes  of  cutlery, 
of  new  design. 

17      Waldron,  Wiluam,  &  Sons — 8t<mrbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Scythes,  as  used  in  various  countries. 

Crown  chaff-knife.     Hay -knives,  with  side  and  T  han- 
dles.   Trussing  knife.    Bramble  s^the. 

American  grass  hook;  South  of  England  reaping  hook ; 
hedge  brushing  hook  ;  and  pea  bill  hook. 


Id        Buck,  Joseph,  91   Waterloo  Road,  Lambeth — 

Manufacturer. 
Circular  and  other  saws.    Variety  of  turning  and  other 
mechanical  tools. 


19         Yeates,  Frederick  Oreen,  10  Wincksw»rih 
Buildings,  City  Road — Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 

Rcgistereil  lever  knives,  for  opening  preserved  provi- 
sions, fruits,  lardine  cases,  &;c.  The  fuivantage  is  in  the 
power  of  the  fulcrum,  or  leverage. 

Registered  twine  or  string  boxes.  The  internal  box, 
containing  the  ball  of  string,  revolves  and  draws  back  the 
superfluous  string,  preventing  its  becoming  entangled. 


20       Baker,  Wiluam,  14  Allen  St,,  Gomttll  Strtei— 

Manufacturer. 
Awls,  bodkins,  steels,  and  other  implements,  for  shoe 
makers,  carpenters,  &c. 


21      Stewart,  Charles,  &  Co.,  22  Charing  Croa — 
Manufacturers  and  Pfttenteea. 
Patent  Plantagenet  guard  razor.    This  razor  ia  shown 
with  the  guard  in  the  annexed  cut. 


Patent  Ooard  Rasor. 

Improved   razor-strops    and  paste.      The  procees    of 
cutlery  in  the  manufacture  of  the  razor. 

22  TvzACKs,  J.,  7  Upper  Bemers  St.,  Commercial  Rd.  Easi 

— Inventor. 
Double  patent  British  razor. 


14 


LoY,  William,  24  King  Street,  Whitehall— 
Manufacturer. 
Club  skates  with  straps.     Skates,  fitted  with  cramps 
and  heel  fastenings,  to  secure  them  to  the  boot  without 
straps.     Indies'  skat-w,  similarly  improved. 


23  Addis,  James  B.,  jun.,  17  Charlotte  Street,  Black- 
friars  Road,  and  29  Litots  Street,  Deptford — Inventor. 

Carving  tools,  and  a  newly-invented  set  of  tools  for 
carving  fruit. 

24  Knight,  Qeoroe,  &  Sons,  Foster  Lane— 

Manufacturers. 

The  amateurs*  complete  lathe  cabinet,  oonsisting  of  a 
4^-inch  centre  lathe  on  an  iron  bed,  fitted  with  a  slide- 
rs, and  accompanied  by  a  complete  arrangement  of 
chucks. 

Apparatus  and  tools  requisite  for  wood,  bone,  and 
metal  turning,  including  newly -invented  chucks  far  cut- 
ting, filing,  and  planing. 

Mr.  Francis'  new  lathe-rest  for  the  support  of  delicate 
work,  revolving  between  the  mandril  and  back  centre; 
also,  for  boring  cylinders,  &c. 

A  dividing  engine  for  the  lathe,  invented  by  the  Rev. 
F.  Meyler,  for  the  piu7>o8c  of  obtaining  a  correct  divirion 
of  the  circle  witli  great  facility. 


Kl>?GDO]|.] 


Class  21.— CUTLERY,  EDGE  AND  HAND  TOOLS. 

North  Gallery. 


593 


Improved  cleaning,  grindingy  and  polishing  machine,  for 
tooUy  Sk.,  fitted  with  a  series  of  bobs  in  bright  spindles. 

Inaide  and  outside  goffering  machine,  for  silks,  muslins, 
•trawB,  &o. 

Crimpiiig  machine  for  shawls. 

Outside  crimping  machine,  for  caps,  collars,  and  dresses. 

An  assortment  of  punches  for  dress-making,  flower- 
making,  pattern-making,  &c.,  consisting  of  stnught  and 
pinking;  plain  and  compound  scallop;  pricking;  plain, 
round,  oTal,  and  jagged;  leaves,  sprigs,  veiners.  Sec, 

Joiner^s  tool-chest,  fitted  with  saws  in  covered  till, 
planes  in  rack,  and  nest  of  divided  drawers,  containing  a 
complete  assortment  of  tools. 

Household  tool-chest,  with  till  and  drawers,  containing 
a  complete  assortment  for  common  purposes. 

Amateui's  tool-chest,  fitted  with  a  tray  and  divided 
drawer,  and  a  complete  set  of  tools. 

Warehouse  chest,  fitted  with  divisions,  containing  an 
assortment  of  tools  for  packing,  opening,  and  trimming 
boxes,  cases,  and  casks,  and  general  warehouse  work. 

Blasting  apparatus,  for  rending  timber,  stumps  of 
treei^  &c.  

25  CoLOAN  &  Son,  Limerick — Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  cutlery. 

26  Beadpord,  Saxuel,  Bagwell  Street,  Clonmel, 

Irehnd — Hanu  £Eu;turer . 

Rasors,  in  tortoiseehell,  pearl,  plain  and  carved  ivory 
handles;  and  with  the  ''tang,*'  or  that  port  of  the  blade 
held  wldle  in  use,  made  in  ivory  or  pearl. 

Raaor  blades  in  the  different  processes,  from  the  bar 
of  steel  to  the  finished  blade. 

Penknives,  pocket-knives,  and  sportsmen's  knives. 
Hunting  knives,  by  which  a  broken  stirrup-leather  &c., 
may  be  instantly  repaired.  Office  knife,  containing  pen- 
blade  and  paper  cutter,  pencil,  and  letter-weighing  appa- 
ratus.— Both  invented  by  exhibitor. 

Portable  slip  knife  and  fork;  the  fork  blade  may  be  re- 
moved and  replaced  by  a  saw,  file,  button  hook,  &c. 

German  smoker^s  knife.  Dagpjers.  steel  mounted, 
carved,  and  turned  ivory  handler,    (jcrman  hunting  knife. 

Cucunibor  ftlicor,  which  may  l>e  adjunted  to  any  knife.  — 
Invente«l  ]»y  cxhi})itor.  Tobacco  cutter.  Pair  "of  nkaU'H, 
•■•n  an  improved  principle. 

27  Ibiiotso.v,  — ,  GhiS'jmr — Producer. 

Panel  or  block  plane,  capable  of  being  .ilterod  to  a 
mitre  plane. 

2W  Offord,  I).,  (irrit   y<innoith — Inventor. 

ImprovM  moffticating  knife  and  fork  for  dvKpeptie 
I^TRniw.     Pro\-i»ii»nally  regi.-*tered. 

[A  masticating  knife,  8o  called  from  the  minute  state 
of  division  to  which  it  reduces  the  food,  connistn  generally 
«.f  a  numljer  of  hlade."*,  which,  when  acting  on  the  food, 
diviile  it  at  one  ntroke  into  a  number  of  portions.  The 
utility  of  this  invention,  for  those  who  rt^quire  its  assist- 
ance, apfieam  to  l>e  established  by  exiKirience] 

'.\\  Hannah.  A..  c;i.,x.jO'r — Manufacturer. 

Aisiwtrtmciit  of  Thomson's  augers,  bracers,  bits,  flaw  and 
ilt-nch  hammers,  scollops,  for  boring  woo<l,  &o..  of  vanous 
dimeuifions  and  designs. 

.32  Mathieson,  a.,  filiisfoT — Mantifactnrer. 

As*r>rtmont  of  braces,  bits  ;  pianoforte-maker's  key 
t'toU:  turning  and  caning  tools;  chisels,  gouges,  Sec. 
MA/4h,  claw,  veneer,  and  clench  hammers.  Saw  buckle. ' 
wirh  swivel.  St'ts  of  screw  augers.  Sa.'^h  and  shutter 
cr.imj-*.     Hohlfast  with  swivel  screw. 

Flit  ploughs  with  steel  bridle  and  round  bnuis  stems: 
with  imprr»ve«^langulir  slide;  with  screw  stems;  iuul  with 
<^A'u\  handle. 

Sa^h  anil  side  fillisters,  with  improved  stop  brass  stems. 

Trying,  jark,  and  smoothing  phuu's. 


33  HiLLiARD  8c  Chapman,  Gl(tsgou> — Inventors  and 

Manufacturers. 

1.  The  "Clydesdale  razor" — a  model  razor  on  a  laige 
scale,  exhibited  for  synunetry  and  execution. 

2.  The  "people's  razor." 

3.  The  "  oi^ganic  razor."  The  angle  of  the  edge  is  pro- 
duced on  the  under  side  of  the  blade,  and  the  principal 
concavity  on  the  upper  side.  The  configiuration  of  the 
blade,  at  the  point,  heel  and  tang,  is  part  of  the  improve- 
ment. 

4.  5,  6.  Additional  samples  of  the  "organic  razor." 

7.  The  "hypenetome,  or  beard  plane,"  invented  in 
1851;  new  instnunent  for  shaving;  constructed  on  the 
principle  of  the  carpenter's  plane.  It  may  be  used  with 
either  right  or  left  hand,  and  it  admits  of  wiping,  strop- 
ping  or  sharpening,  like  a  conunon  razor. 

8,  9,  10,  11.  Additional  samples  of  the  "hypenetome." 

12.  The  "  vallise  strop,"  invented  in  1851;  containing 
the  "  hypenetome,  or  beard  plane,"  shaving  brush,  shav- 
ing-soap, in  case,  and  the  strop. 

13.  The  registered  table  knife,  with  invbibly  secured 
handle.  By  a  simple  contri>'ance,  incurring  scarcely  any 
additional  labour,  or  expense  in  construction,  the  handle 
and  blade  are  locked  together,  and  cannot  get  loosened  in 
use,  while  they  may  be  readily  separated  for  repair  or  re- 
newal. The  fastening  is  invisible,  the  handle  showing  no 
rivet,  screw,  or  nut,  of  any  kind. — Registered,  March  7, 
1851. 

14.  15,  16,  17,  18.  Additional  samples  of  the  regis- 
tered table  knife,  showing  the  various  patterns;  with 
some  of  the  handles  left  loose,  to  explain  the  principle  of 
the  invention. 

19.  Blade  and  handle  of  the  registered  table  knife,  in 
separate  parts,  the  latter,  sectionally  divided,  showing  its 
internal  construction. 

20  The  "  superior  family  table  knife."  Exhibited  for 
elegance,  utiUty,  and  durability. 

21.  The  "sporting  gentleman's  pocket  knife,"  with 
graduated  portable  Heme. 

22.  The  "improved  (w^cket  fleme-knife,"  for  veterinary 
surgeons  and  grooms. 

2:^.  The  "  country  gentleman's  knife." 

24.  The  '*  nude  truss,"  for  hernia.  Exhibited  for  sim- 
plicity, lightness,  and  comfort  in  use.  All  padding  or 
covering  being  dispensed  with,  it  can  be  used  while 
bathing,  without  lieing  affecte<l  by  the  water. 

34  Saunders,  (J.,  liriKul'mi/,  Xew  }'i>rk. 
Four- sided  metallic  tablets  and  razor  strops. 


3,*)      Mathieson,  Thos.  A.,  &  Co.,  d  Xicholson  Street, 
Kdinhiirijli — Manufivcturers. 
Improved  sash  fillister  j)lane  for  windows;  wood  brace, 
bifiss  neck,  improved  pad,  and  pattern  bits. 


3<)  Macpherson.  C.  &  H.,  1  dH mere  Street,  Pnuffi  Works, 
AV/i/i/»»//v;A—  Manufacturers. 
A    brace,    with    all   kinds   of  bits    used    for    boiing, 
•Irilling.  and  countersinking. 


37 


Barker,  Robert,  En.siwjtnifd,   Yorhshire — 
Manufat.'turer. 
Uutchei's'  and  house  stvols. 


38       ToMLIN  &  Co.,  Krtterintj,    Nnrthamptonshire — 

Mantifacturei's. 

Sickles  for  reaping  com,  used  in  the  midland  counties. 
The  teeth  arc  cut  fine  and  gi-ound  sharj)  without  pulling 
out. 

Shears  uscmI  in  Hlu-ej)-sheanng,  wool-sorting,  thatching, 
and  caq>et-making. 

3l»  StiU-J,  PkTKH,    W<irrin  i(<>,\  mvi  liothrrhain — 

Manufa'-tnrer. 

Blister  and  shear  steel.  Cast-steel,  in  the  ingot  and  the 
bar.     Coach-s])ring  steel.      Lnncjishiro  files  ami  to«.I;*. 

Magnets.  iiia<le  according  to  the  system  of  the  Kev. 
William  S<-ore'<by.  1>.I>.;  reniarkabh*  f<»r  their  groat 
j»ower. 

•J  Z  J 


594 


Class  21.— CUTLERY,  EDGK  AND  HAND  TOOLS. 

NoRTU  Gallery. 


[Dr.  Scorosby^  who  has  devoted  a  hirge  share  of  hia 
attention  to  the  couBtructiou  of  magneto,  adopts  the 
following  mode  of  imparting  magnetism  to  steel  bars. 
He  places  the  bar  to  be  magnetised  upon  two  powerful 
magnets,  and  then  draws  them  gently  apart  until  the 
upper  bar  rests  with  its  ends  on  either  end  of  the  magnets; 
in  this  position  it  is  allowed  to  rest  for  a  short  time,  and 
then  slid  off  laterally,  the  other  side  beuig  turned  down, 
and  the  process  repeated  until  the  bar  of  steel  is 
thoroughly  saturated.  Dr.  Scoresby  insists  upon  the  im- 
portance of  using  the  hardest  steel ;  and  the  most  powerful 
magnets  which  he  has  constructed  are  made  of  a  series 
of  thin  plates  of  steel,  hardened  thi^oughout,  each  one  of 
the  series  being  separately  magnetised. — R.  IL] 

Minerals.  &c.,  from  which  magnets  are  made,  viz.,  iron 
ore,  from  Dannemora,  in  Sweden;  calcined  ore;  pig  and 
bar  iron. 

40       Gradwell,  O.,  8  Market  Street,  Manchester-r- 

Proprietor. 

Specimen  of   cutlery,    knife   with    300  blades,    each  '■ 
having  a  sei)arat'C  spring.  j 

42        Bi'JX^nER,  IsATAii,  Waicrhm  Street,  Wolverhampton — 

Mauuifacturor. 
Various  augers,   bits,  borers,  chisels,  and  gouges,  for 
Hhipwrights,  ciU^K'ntoi's,  coopoi>»,  pump-boi-ors,  imd  wheel - 
wnights. 


46    Durham,  Joseph  Banks,  456  New  Oxford  Street — 

Manu&oturer. 

Articles  of  cutleir.     Highly  polished  and  richly  cut 
steel  chatelaine,  with  improved  scissors  and  tablet. 

Series  of  blades,  showing  the  various  stages  of  a  table 
knife,  from  the  bar  of  steel  to  the  finished  blade. 


47       Hill,  J.  V.,  6  Chichester  Place,  Gratia  Ttm  Rood 

— ManufEu^urer. 
London-made  saws;  the  blades,  after  they  are  ground, 
are  filed  to  a  gauge,  so  that  there  is  no  fricUon  on  the 
blade  of  the  saw.     Other  tools. 


48  Beach,  W.,  iSWw&wy— Manufacturer. 

Assortment  of  cutleiy,  including  fox-pad  and  fiiwn*s- 
feet  hunting-knives. 

Newly  designed  pearl  paper-folding  knife,  rroresentiug 
the  crown,  sword,  and  sceptre,  with  engraved  views  of 
Wilton  House,  Wilton  Churdb,  Salisbury  Cathedral,  and 
Stonehenge. 

Cancers*  pruning  knives,  shooting  knives,  &c. 

Fine  scissors,  in  newly  invented  steel  cases  for  dbate- 
laiues.     Model  of  Stonehenge. 

t^  — — 

49  Eastwood,  O.,  31  Walmgate,  IVA— Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
A  imnolpliinc,  answering  the  purposes  of  both  panel 
and  miti'e. 

(For  Sheffield  goods,  see  Oass  22,  Nos.  102—235,  &c.) 


GENERAL    HARDWARE,    INCLtlDING   LOCK      AND    GRATES. 


INTRODUCTION. 

The  muller  rouiufactaTes  or  iron,  copper,  bnws,  tin,  &c.,  n.ro  rcprcsoiilc<1  by  the  objects  contfune^  within  the 
JimitB  of  tiiia  eitensrve  Class.  Tlieae  manufactures  are  of  consiilerablu  imixirtnnce  to  ttiis  cmiutry,  and  enipioy  a 
laree  nnntbeT  of  handB  and  n  considerable  amount  of  ca|iita1.  But  thuobjeels  theniBelveii  are  oftt-n  of  the  niMt 
trinii^  de«eription ;  and  w«tc  it  not  for  the  knowledjie  that  upon  their  prmluction  de|icni)H  the  HiibiiiHtcnce  of 
many  tboumids  of  0|ieiativeB,  ihcy  might  he  passed  by  without  notice.  Uiit  in  l.lie  ninnufacturiiig  world  the 
minutort  article  hax  its  importance  when  the  consumption  of  that  article  is  jireat  and  the  dcnuinil  coniitant.  It 
will  oonseqiiently  be  found  that  the  nioet  insij^ilicnnt  object  comjirehcuilcti  within  this  (Uaas  has  imporliuit 
icUtioaa  with  the  prmpcrity,  not  merely  of  a  few  individuals  or  oF^  one  manufnctory,  but  of  an  entire  district 
and  ita  po(iulation. 

The  Class  includes  Ibe  foUowing  Sub-Clnsses : — A.  Brass  Manufacture,  as  Cabinet  and  General  Draai 
Fwindiy,  Hinges,  Fastenings,  Door-knockers,  Castors,  Ax. ;  B.('iip|ier,  Zinc,  Tin,  I'cwter,  and  General  Braziery, 
u  Kettles,  Saucepans,  Urns,  Tubing,  lnkstan<la,  S|)oons,  ^c. ;  C.  Iron  Manufacture,  as  Stoves,  Gmt««,  P'ciiilrni, 
Locks,  Hinj^es,  &c.,  and  objects  of  a  larger  kind,  as  Mangles,  Gates,  &c, ;  D.  Stoel  Manufacture,  as  "Heavy 
Steel  Toys,"  such  as  Hammers,  Vices,  &c.,  and  "  Light  Btccl  Toys,"  as  Brooches,  Buckles,  &c. ;  E.  Buttons'; 
V,  Wirework,  Gauze,  Hooki!  and  Ej-es,  Pins,  &c. 

A  eonsiiierable  amount  of  space  is  occupied  by  tliia  important  Class  in  the  Buildin^i,  Tlie  nrlieles  comiirised 
in  it  will  I*  found  on  the  Poulh  Side  of  llie  Western  Main  Avenue,  to  the  West  of  the  Coii.jiial  rr™hKli..ns. 
'lb..  Areas  L.  M.  N.  an.l  O.  IK  to  20,  and  S!r>  to  '27,  are  .K:cii|iied  with  Ihese.  Aldiif;  a  ei.nsid.nl.le  luirl  of  the 
li'iiLth  of  the  Avenue  d.  i'..  Stoves,  rip<>s,  Jiatlis,  Lamps,  and  a  niisceilanTOus  collection  of  lliinlwnre  of  evcrv 
il.-«Ti[.lion  will  lie  fnimd. 

Iliniiiii'Jiani  has  loun  liccn  cnnncctoil  with  the  mnnufneture  of  linrdwaro  of  every  kind,  to  such  n  degree  llial. 
the  name  of  the  town  has  often  Iiecome  asHoriat<'d  with  these  artirlen.  Some  deiKirtnii^nls  of  the  trade  are  like- 
wine  viisicotixlv  piwheil  at  Wolverham]iton,  AVnlsall,  and  Phellicid  ;  but  Iliniiin<!ham  may  In-  legitimately 
««islilenil  as  the  nH'tnipolis  fur  hardwares  generally ;  and  the  eiinnnoiiK  extension  of  its  trade,  nttribiitalile  in  a 
■.:r«it  measure  lo  these  manufactures,  indicates  the  momentous  results  to  which  tbe]irodnclion  in  qunntiti<ii of 
till'  most  trivial  objects  may  give  rise.  In  forty  years  the  )io]iuliilion  of  llimiingbain  has  itien'nspil  by  nearly 
l-V>  |ier  cent. ;  and  what  is  lii};hly  inslniclive  n'lid  remarkable  is  the  fuel  that,  in  proporlion  to  tbe  inereane  of 
prinhiction  haslieen  the  dwreaso  of  price,  until  Ihcro  biis  Wen  a  rediieticn  in  llic  same  jierio.1  of  »l«>iit  (!■.;  j^t 
e.-i.t.,  and  in  wiine  .arlicles  even  to  Kn  |ier  cent.  The  ex]«rts  have  likewise  i i iimen«'l v  incrfawd  in  llie  siime 
linn- :  at  its  oniiiienreuieiit  Ihev  sii"bllv  exreivled  "i.SiXi  tons  .iiinuallv  ;  in  Is41l,  Iho  e\i->rls  amouTili^i  to 
:£I.4J1  tons,  tbe  lalue  of  wbiehh.is  l..<-ii  estimated  at  nl«ut  LViOl,;!!."^'.  slorlin,:.  'Iliis  n^lates  n.erely  to  llie 
irm  ntanufaetiin^s:  of  the  Imiss  and  rojipcT  mannfacliires  were  e\].iirtrd  in  lt^l!^  to  the  vnlne  nf  I  ,K7r.,8i;,"i/. ; 
and  it  rlew-rves  notice,  Ihal  (he  arealest  ]>rn]iirtion  of  these  ?nnijTif;irttires  alMirliil  by  any  eniiiitry  is  that 
annually  imjwrteil  by  Ilindostan — a  counlry  whose  c.irly   n^imtalioti  in  nieliil  man nfatt lire's  is  «  subj.'ct  of 

TTie  system  of  the  manufacture  of  lianlware  in  nimiiagbam  is  (leeulinr,  and  [>resciils  a  strikina  cnntrnsl  to 
that  aili>|>tnl  in  M.'^ncliesler  and  other  l.ir;;e  n inn ii fact uriui;  jilaoes — tbe  o|ieralives  are  tbemfielves  the  nianufar- 
turrn.  Hiring  a  workshop  in  which  Kleam-pi.wer  is  laid  on,  an.l  wliieb  is  s]nTiaIly  filte.1  up  by  llic  mvni-r  of 
tbe  buililini;,  in  wbirh  many  Kuch  workslio|Js  an:  ci'intainc'l,  tlie  nrli/an  jilii^s  his  peeiili.tr  trade,  man  u  fart  ores 
his  .irtiehu,  carries  lliem  home  lo  the  merrliant,  and  receives  the  «cfkly  payment  for  them,  whioh  oimhh^  him 
K.pmnire  fresh  malerinis,  and  iiroco^il  in  the  ensuing  w<«-k  with  his  n-i;iilnr'Lil>iurs.  A  very  l.ir,?'  pmimrlion  i^f 
li-tnlwarn;  is  llins  nmiufacliircl.  Itut  this  svstem  is  not  nniver^d  :  nnrl  rc.;nlar1v-iT<.raniiied  fartories.  emplov- 
a  large  niiml-T  of  worki»>.i|.le.  niid  |'«se=*-in'j  all  the  dislio;;iiisbin-  tc^iliins  "1^  a  -r-'nl  pn-lileilii  •■:     '  ■'  ' 


iiient.  p: 
tl.i«. 


nd  a 


r  tvaoi 


i-arielv  of.-irticles 


iis[*rtion, and  fuller  infoni 


506 


Ci^88  22.— GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  &  26  to  27  ;  O.  9,  &  P.  3  to  29. 


rUsiTBD 


1  Hood,  Samuel,  81  Upper  Thames  Street — Proprietor. 
Improved  ventilatiug  stable  stall,  fitted  with  a  cast  and 

wrought  \ron  hay-rack,  and  with  an  enamelled  cast-iron 
manger  and  water-cistern. 

Improved  stench-trap  of  enamelled  cast-iron. 

2  Smallman,  Smith,  &  Co.,  Stourbridge — 

Manufacturers. 

Specimens  of  Wyatt's  new  patent  method  of  glazing 
the  surfaces  of  cast-iron  articles,  pimips,  water  pipes, 
cisterns,  &c.,  viz.,  water-pipe  glazed  inside;  and  flanged 
suction-pipe  of  pump. 

Specimens  of  glaze  upon  small  pipe;  upon  a  flat 
surface  of  cast  iron.     Cast-iron  manger,  glazed. 

Specimen  of  fused  glass,  previous  to  being  groimd  and 
mixed  for  use. 

3  Clarke,  G.  R.,  2  Somerset  Place,  Kennington — 

Designer. 
Designs  for  chairs  in  ornamental  iron -work. 


4  Guy,  S. — Producer. 

A  variety  of  horse-shoes. 


4a       Barrow,  — ,  East  Street,  Marylebone — Producer. 
Patent  window-sash. 


5  King,  Charles,  5  Tonhridge  St.,  New  Road,  St.  Pancras 

— Designer. 
Design  for  carriage -gates,  to  be  executed  in  cast-iron; 
and  for  stained  glass  window. 


6  Phillips,  J.  B.,  Battersea  Fields — Designer. 

Design  for  ornamental  iron  gates,  with  suitable  stone 
piers,  for  a  park  entrance. 


7     Stevens,  Henry  Rowe,  Newmarket,  Cambridgeshire — 

Manuifacturer. 

Specimens  of  horse-shoes  for  hunters,  hacks,  racers, 
and  carriage  horses. 

Narrow  hind,  fore,  and  broad  plates  for  race  horses, 
with  thin-soled  feet. 


8  WooDiN,  D.,  28  Shepherd  Street,  White  Horse  Street, 

Piccadilly. 
Patent  shoes  for  horses  or  other  animals,  preventing 
their  slipping  on  wood,  ice,  or  any  other  surface. 

9  Miles,  W. — Producer. 
Various  horse-shoos. 


10    Whitehead,  John,  Oxford  Street,  Manchestei 

Inventor  and  Producer. 
Horse-shoes. 


1 1  Chopping  &  Maund,  370  Oxford  -S^rcrt—Patentees 

and  Manufacturers. 
Specimens  of  Rodway^s  improved  patent  concave  horse- 
shoes, to  prevent  slipping  on  turf,  wooden  pavements, 
Ac.     Patent  machine-made,  fullered,  and  seated  horse- 
shoes.    Polished  specimens  of  the  same. 


12  Holmes,  Captain— Producer. 

Improved  horse-shoes. 


13  FooARTY,  James,  Ad  tm  Street  West,  Pryanston  Square. 
Horse-shoes. 


15  HiLLMAN  J.,  4  Leaver's  Buihlings,  Glasshouse  Yard— 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
Concave  expansion  horse-shoe. 


16     Cook,  William,  Willesborongh,  Ashford,  Kent-^ 

Manufacturer. 
HorHe-Hhocft  in  general  use. 


17  Plomley,  W.,  Maidstone — Inventor. 
Model  of  an  improved  horse-shoe. 

18  Peirce,  W.,  38  Loyd  Street,  Oreen  Keys,  McaichesUr — 

Inventor  and  Ifanufocturar. 

Registered  letter-copying  machines  or  profloeo;  the  re- 
quired pressure  being  obtained  by  means  of  India-rubber 
or  steel  springs. 

Model  of  a  window  with  registered  sash-fiistener. 

19  Baker,  Edward  Brackstone,  9  WaJhrook — 

Designer  and  Inventor. 
Simple  and  portable  hand-pressure  letter-copying  ma- 
chine, called  a  "  manutype."  The  letter  to  be  copied,  to- 
gether with  a  damped  sheet  or  sheets  of  copying  paper, 
are  rolled  together,  with  the  India-rubber  cloth,  around 
the  gutta-percha  tube,  and  a  very  slight  pressure  of  the 
hand  produces  a  perfect  copy :  the  interior  of  the  tube 
contaiiis  copying  ink,  pens,  and  other  requisites.  Writing 
and  copying  paper  is  rolled  round  the  "  manutype,"  and 
the  whole  is  enclosed  in  a  small  tin  case. 


20  RoTHVEN,  John,  New  Street,  Edinburgh — Inventor 

and  Manu£Eicturer. 
Letter-copying  press,  combining  seal  press  and  letter 
weigher.  Its  advantages  are  simplici^,  power,  and  &cOity, 
in  copying  letters  or  designs;  stampmg,  and  other  useful 
applications.  

23  Syues,  William,  19  Victoria  Road,  PimUoo — Inventor 

and  Patentee. 
Lump-sugar  chopping-machines. 

25  Bartrum  &  Pretyman,  Prick  Hill  Lane,  Upper  Thamet 

Street — Manufacturers. 
Wrought  copper  nails,  roves,  rivets,  and  washers. 

26  Richardson,  Robert,  21  Tunbridge  Place, 

New  Pood — ManufjBcturer. 
Wire  netting,  to  protect  gardens  and  plantations  ftt>m 
hares  and  rabbits;  to  enclose  pheasants  and  fowls;  and  as 
a  fence  against  cats,  dogs,  sheep,  &c. 

27  CooHBES,  Benjamin,  &  Co.,  30  Mark  Lane — 

ManufiEU^urers. 
Fine  twilled  woven  wire. 


29  Walker,  Edward,  6  Cardington  Street,  Euston  Square 

— Manu&cturer. 
Specimens  of  perforated  brass,  respectively  containing 
eight  thousand  one  hundred,  ten  thoiisand,  and  fourteen 
thousand  four  hundred  square  holes  to  the  squaie  inch; 
used  for  drug-grinding,  glass-making,  black-lead  milla^ 
and  all  purposes  where  fine  powder  is  lequirod. 

30  WiLKiNS  k  Weatherly,  29  ff^h  Street,  Wappmg^ 

Manu&cturers. 
Specimens  of  Smith's  patent  galvanised  and  ungal- 
yanized  iron  and  copper  wire  ropes  used  for  railway 
inclines,  various  mining  operations,  including  pit  guides, 
suspension  bridges,  standing  rigging,  li^tniog  con- 
ductors, window  and  conservatory  sauies,  fencing,  and 
sub-marine  telegraphs. 

[Iron  wire  ropes  are  of  equal  strength  with  a  hempen 
rope  of  four  times  the  weight,  and  resist  the  wear  and 
tear  they  are  subjected  to  in  "running  gear"  twice  as 
long.  If  the  surface  of  a  wire-rope  be  left  in  any  part 
unprotected  by  some  coating  impenetrable  to  moisturo, 
the  internal  fibres  become  in  process  of  time  oxidised. 
and  unseen  decay  goes  forward.  Iron  cleaned  by  add  and 
plunged  into  a  bath  containing  melted  sine,  becomes 
coated  with  that  metal,  and  the  parts  left  unzinked  alone 
rust.   Iron  thus  treated  is  said  to  be  "galvanised.** S.  C] 

Part  of  a  bar  of  iron,  rolled  at  Sharp  and  Brown  a 
mills,  Fazeley  Street,  Birmingham,  drawn  into  wire  so 
fine  that  it  has  been  formed  into  a  Prince  of  Walev* 
plume  <»f  feathers. 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GBATE8. 
L.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  O.  9,  4  P.  3  1 


31  VwB,  HUTBV  HoLToH,  2  Aiulocer  Phwe,  KUbum— 

Doeigner  aud  Manufacturer. 
Impraved  bird-cage. 

32  %vrsR,yi., Surrey C<ma{,Ca«\bermU—'iSaDa!tuAarei. 
Spedmeiia  of  wire  rope,  in  frame.    Specimen  of  wire 

ropa    for    suipeiuion   bridge ;    and    fitted   into    pulley 


wire  ropa  prepared,  for  use.  The  improvement  is  stated 
Ut  conot  m  preventinx  the  wirea  and  Btrands  (ram  being 
twisted  on  themaeWea,  m  the  proceea  of  laying  them  rouud 
cmtre  ooraofhempi  io  giving  an  aqual  tension  to  each  in- 
diTidaal  wire;  and  In  preserving  the  interior  eurfaco  from 
cairodon  by  utunting  the  corea  of  hemp  with  tar,  &c. 

33  Wood*,  W.,  1  Omai  St,,  A^lAwnr*— Hanufocturcr. 
Hooka  and  ejea,  for  military  and  uavo]  uDiforme,  and 

dnfiacy  purpoaei.    Brasa  chaina  fur  lampa  and  Bcalea. 

34  BiBHAKD  k  Bishop,  AVirieA— Manufacturera. 
Ornamental  Gothic  hinge  in  wrought  iron,  with  ivj 

leaf  and  stalk  ■■  a  decontion. 

FourtMD  apacimen*  of  galvanized  iron  wire  netting. 


3a  FwX,THOi.HEN»r,  44  StiBnerSirirt— Manufacturer. 
Omamental  garden  arch  for  training  creepen.  Wire 
llower-ataDda.  Wire  netting  for  aviaries,  &c.,  and  the  ei- 
clnnon  of  game.  Ornamental  bird-cogei.  Flower-tiain- 
«ra.  Wove  wire,  fly-proof,  diah  and  plate  coven.  Braan 
wire  liMiginyi,  fire  guarda.    Brass  and  copper  wire,  and 


3t>  NawaLL,  R.  S.,  &  Co.,  Oatahead,  NtacattU-upoa- 
TyHe — Inventora  and  Manufacturers. 
Sample  of  wire  strand,  used  for  fencing,  signii]  cord,  &c. 
Sample  of  wire  ropes.  Wire  rope  for  suapeitaion  bridges ; 
and  cable  laid  wire  rope.  Wire  rope,  showing  the  modt! 
ft  rplicing.  Patent  wire  ropes  fur  submaritie  tele^rmph; 
hichtning  conductor;  co[ii«r  window  tuwii  eoi-il  and 
pii'ture  cord.  I'atcut  8al  vriru  ropu,  and  gviido  roiio,  f<ir 
>-•  ul  pita,  tic.     Rvpc  which  boa  boon  at  work  cousUutly 

;i7  RrfNOLDS,  JoR.-J,  -Vfic  t'umpbm  Sine'. 

An  oniamcnla]  wire  flower  tabic. 

The  ai.-coDi|ianying  illustration  reproscnts  this  tnbte. 
Tlie  upjier  p«rt  is  suppiirteil  by  three  serpentH  of  wu-o, 
wlJch  unite  to  foni]  the  le^'s  of  the  Uhle. 


38  FliveI/,  SiDNET,  LtamiiujtiM — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Patent  kitcheners  or  cooking  grates. 

39  QREENi.va,  N.,  &  Sosa,  Warruujhn — Manu&cturers. 
Extra   strong  wire-cloth,   wove   by  steam-power,  for 

wheat-screen,  or  drying  kiln  floor  covering  malt-kiln 
floor  nith  only  two  joinings;  for  separating  minerals, 
and  various  other  purposes;  for  rice-polishing  machines, 
&c.;  made  with  flat  warp,  to  increase  its  durability;  for 
dressing  rice,  and  tor  various  other  purposes. 


40  GoBHiE,  TnoHAS,  /'efWr— Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Malleable  iron  garden  ohiiir.     Wire-netting,  forexclud- 
ing  hares  and  rahhits  from  gardena  or  fields.     Land  mea- 
suring chains  with  oval  rings. 


41  LiNLEY,  TnoMAB,  A  Sons,  M  Stmlc'i  Street,  Sitffield^ 
Patentees  and  Manufacturers. 
Patent  circular  double-blast  bellows,  in  iron  tmaa, 
complete  and  ready  for  work,  equal  in  power  to  32  long 
shape  bellows,  weight  ISOlbe.  They  stand  in  half  the 
room  tliat  long  beliowa  do ;  effect  a  saving  of  twenty  per 
cent,  in  fuel;  every  ntroke  of  the  lever  produces  a  double 
quantity  and  force  of  blast;  support  a  diflcharging  pipe  of 
double  capacity;  and  iron  and  steel  is  brought  into  a 
state  offusion,  viithout  burning  or  injuring  its  properties, 
in  about  two-thirds  of  the  usual  time. 


42  Ghkb."*,  Adhaham,  27  ipper  Gcoiyt  Street,  Edgewart 

Moml—laveDtor  and  Manufacturer, 

Protective  syphon  cliiiancy -pot,  for  the  cure  of  smoky 

elumueyn ;  intended  to  create  a  draught,  and  provent  the 

wind  blowing  doivu  the  sh:itt.  Applicable  to  any  chimney. 

4:(       DasvatT,  Ja»i;».  X^ji/M  Stm-t,  .^'xalurhmd— 
luveutur  imd  Manuricturer. 
Domestic  mangle,  which  Is  said  to  ponauHs  the  following 
advimtBges: — great  simplicity  of  construction,  not  liable 
to  be  deranged,  power  and  efficiency  in  working,   aud 
diuiitiiahcd  cost. 

4a  liHVUES&SoNs, 


■•/Irfcl,  /i'.J.«4-iiyi — Inventors  and 
AluniiRictiirctn. 

An  index  dial  bell  nith  cii-ht  indicators,  iiioilo  upon  a 
new  and  simple  plan,  by  which  ouc  bell  only  is  i^xiulrud 
for  any  number  of  apai-tmunta. 

A  manifolil  bell-pull,  conxtructed  upon  an  entirely  new 
plan,  by  which  uno  iiull  is  mode  to  ring  liells  in  any 
nunilioi'  of  rooms.  When  the  jiointer  is  placed  oiqtoaite 
to  any  name  on  the  dbd  plate,  and  the  kiiub  pulled  out, 
the  bell  is  then  runj!  in  the  room  indicated. 

An  im|>n>vo(l  circular  telcgra]ili  lioll,  haviiiK  two  dials, 
numlwretl  in  tho  same  luaunur,  by  liiams  of  which  eight 
iliffercnt  clerks  or  workmen  may  bu  called. 

An  air  signal  niuuth-pii«e  and  bell.  By  blowing  Into 
the  miiutli -pieco  the  bell  if  rung,  nt  luiy  diKttuicc  Icmi  than 
1,<HH>feet.  I'hi"  ixiui  iniproveil  nuithixl  r,f  ringing  a  U-ll 
in  places  too  dixtant  or  not  suitvd  for  working  cruuks  and 

A  sin(.'le  voice  tulM  mouth -piece  mid  bell-putl.  Whuii 
.Iniwn  i>ut,  the  tube  i.riliw!  \r  "|K'ncil,  unci  tin-  «i)-iiid  bell 
U-inKru<>t!>  the  athmdunt  inc-.dlml  tuthuothcr  cud  oflha 

A  roviilving  m"uth-pi«M>  forviiice  Iu1k>»,  with  bell-pull 

with  six  or  any  greater  number  of  voire  tiiUw,  aud  at  tho 
Ham,'  tim,-  ui>h  a  sindl.u'  nuu.bcr  of  MU, 

S|™.iincn  of  a  «-lr-cl.=.iitK-valve  nionlh.pi.'c.-  f.T  vuiro 
I  ubo;  and  of  a  H[ning  cuvuiihI  moutli-pieco  tor  loice  tube. 


508 


Class  22.--GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
Ti.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  &  2r>  TO  27 :  ( ).  9,  &  \\  8  to  29. 


rUs'lTED 


A  bank-safe  lock.  The  peculiarity  of  thin  lock  consists 
in  an  extension  of  the  key  after  it  is  inserted  in  the  lock, 
and  a  secret  connection  between  the  interior  of  the  key 
and  two  of  the  players.  The  two  inclined  planes  on  the 
under  side  of  the  wards  open  or  shut  the  extension  of  the 
key  as  it  passes  over  them ;  the  part  of  the  key  thus 
extended  operates  on  two  players  placed  beyond  the  reach 
of  picklocks,  while,  at  the  same  time,  the  main  part  of 
the  key  works  other  two  players,  which  are  again  operated 
on  by  the  secret  apparatus  in  the  interior  of  the  key. 
This  secret  apparatus  can  be  removed  at  pleasure,  and  the 
proper  key  then  becomes  unfit  to  work  the  lock,  and  all 
skeleton  keys,  however  well  fitted  to  pass  the  wards,  will 
not  operate  on  the  players. 

Specimens  of  drawing-room  and  dining-room  lever  and 
draw-out  bell -pulls  in  ordinary  use  in  Scotland. 

Specimens  of  bells,  mounted  on  brass  caniages,  steel 
springs,  and  steel  pendulums,  with  concealed  attachments 
for  the  wires. 

A  Venetian  blind  with  a  new  spring  roller. 

An  improved  spring  roller  sun  blind,  with  patent  slip 
catch. 

An  improved  spring  barrel  roller  blind,  with  patent 
slip  catch ;  free  from  noise  when  the  blind  is  drawn  down, 
and  allowing  the  barrel  to  be  easily  taken  down  to  bo 
cleaned  or  rejiaired. 

46  Stewart,  CnARLES,  40  Heli  Street,  Edtpeare  Road — 

Manufacturer. 
A  playing  ornamental  fountain. 

51      Edc^  James,  Coalpix>l,  Shropshire — Manufacturer. 

Model  of  apiur  of  pit  frames,  with  barrel  and  flat  chains. 

Wood  and  iron  keyed  flat  chains,  for  pits  of  vai'iou  t 
sizes. 

Improved  straight-sided  round  chain,  for  naval  and 
mining  purposes.     Horn-chain  frames. 

54    Lawrence,  T.  B.  &  J.,  55  Partvimcnt  Street,  and 
10  York  Place f  Jximbeth — Manufacturers. 

British  zinc  ores  and  zinc  first  running  from  the  same. 

British  zinc  in  ingots  as  merchandise. 

Rolled  zinc  in  sheets,  plates,  &c.,  various. 

Perforated  sheet  zinc,  for  safes,  larders,  blinds,  &c. 

Bntish  zinc  nails,  &c. 

British  zinc  in  various  manufactured  articles,  forming 
a  small  assemblage  of  the  applications  of  zinc. 

[The  ease  with  which  zinc  can  be  turned  into  various 
forms,  has  brought  the  application  of  this  metal  into  very 
general  use;  it  is  reduced  into  sheets  from  strips,  by  the 
ordinary  process  of  rolling ;  when  undergoing  the  same  it 
is  heated,  but  not  to  a  high  temperature ;  in  soldering,  the 
seam  is  touched  with  muriatic  acid  (spirit  of  salt)  on  the 
part  to  be  united.  Zinc  may  be  drawn  into  tubes,  &c., 
with  facility,  and  stamped  into  various  shapes. — W.C.  A.] 

A  warming-bath,  with  iron  grate  and  chimney  pillars, 
and  chamber  for  shower-bath,  with  brass  force  for  repe- 
tition. 

A  lady's  shower-bath,  with  hip-bath  and  force-pump. 

Antitjue  bath,  in  imitation  of  marble. 

Knee-bath,  with  tube  to  vary  temperature. 

Hip-bath.  Foot-bath,  with  rest  and  soap -dish.  Spong- 
ing-bath.     Foot-bath  and  can,  ja|)anncd. 

Coal-skuttle  of  British  zinc,  wiiich  has  been  in  use  2ii 
years. 

Toilet  pail  and  can.  Coal -holding  vessels.  Closet  pail 
with  balance  l>nj4in.  leo  jwiil,  with  moveable  jwrforated 
shelves. 

Drawn  lengths  of  rain-pipe.  Drawn  lengths  of  rain- 
shutes  or  gutters,  cornices,  &c. 

Angles  of  connection.  Cistern  heads,  or  snow-boxes, 
various.     Shoes  for  the  same,  various. 

Drawn  lengths  of  zinc  tubing,  for  bell-hanging,  con- 
ducting water,  sound,  &c.  Drawn  lengths  of  zinc  window^- 
bar. 

Sjiecimen-*  of  zinc  plate  ongravin.^ 


[A  few  years  ago  an  attempt  was  made  to  Babsiitnto  a 
zinc  plate  for  the  lithographic  stone.  The  exporiment, 
can  scarcely  be  characterized  as  a  successful  one:  the  pro- 
cess of  drawing  the  designer's  subject  was  identical  with 
lithography,  as  also  the  preparation  of  the  plate  for 
printing.— W.  C.  A.] 

Vases  in  imitation  of  choice  marble,  with  rare  plants, 
as  Wartl's  cases. 

Lemon-shi4)ed  domes  of  bronaed  zinc  bar. 

Pedestals  of  white  zinc,  for  the  same. 

Ward's  cases  containing  suitable  plants. 

Ai^gonaut  shell,  suspended  with  gold  wire,  in  engraved 
vase,  a  fac-simile  of  one  in  the  possession  of  Her  Majesty, 
with  a  rare  plant  in  it. 

Silver-gilt  snuff-box  with  inscription. 

55         Treggon,  H.  &  W.,  22  Jewm  Street,  and  57 
Graci'chtwch  Street — ^Iklanufiwturers. 

Zinc  window-blinds,  perforated  on  one  pieoe  of  metal, 
with  varied  designs. 

Specimens  of  ornamental  zinc  mouldings,  cornice,  gut- 
ters, &c. 

Patterns  of  drawn  and  moulded  zinc  bars,  of  metal 
wishes.  &c. 

5()       Savage,  Uodert  Watson,  15  St.  Jameia  Square — 

Inventor. 

Springs  for  all  descriptions  of  doors.  Bedstead  fur 
invtdids. 

Alarum  bediitoad,  causing  a  person  to  arise  at  any 
given  hour.  

57   Smith,  Thomas,  1  Lordship  Place,  Lawrence  Street, 

Chelsea — Inventor. 
Portable  folding  wrought-iron  bedstead. 


58  Tonkin,  James,  315  Orfotxl  Street — Designer  and 

Manufacturer. 
Omamentod  iron  bedstead,  of  the  Italian  order,  with 
registered  spring  lath  bottom.  This  bedstead  is  repre- 
sented in  the  annexed  cut  (p.  599),  which  exhibits  the 
ornamental  character  of  the  bedstead,  and  the  spring 
lath  bottom.  

59  Cottam,  Edward,  2  Winslcy  Street,  Oxford  Street — 

Inventor  and  Manufacturer. 
The  rheiocline,  or  patent  spring  bedstead,  exhibiting 
an  improved  form  of  spring  mattress. 

<)0    Steele,  W.  &  J.,  61  George  Street,  Edinlmrgh— 
Inventors,  Manufacturers,  and  Patentees. 
Kitchen-range,  including  apparatus  for  ^^*f^til^g  water 
for  a  bath. 

GOa     Perry,  E.,  Wokerhampton — Manufacturer. 

Specimens  of  iron  and  tin  ore;  common  and  refined 
pig  iron ;  bar  and  sheet  iron;  bar  and  sheet  iron  prepared 
for  tinning;  block  tin;  and  tin  plates. 

Strong  tin  ware: — Basting  ladles;  coffee  boilers  and 
I>ots;  cullenders,  fish  kettles;  saucepans,  and  pans  for 
milk;  skimmers;  slices;  soup  ladles  and  tureens;  stew- 
l>ans ;  and  tea-kettles,  with  and  without  stands. 

Planished  tin  ware: — Bed-airer;  bonnets;  biscuit  pans; 
caff5ti6rcs;  candlesticks;  canisters;  oval  cheese  steamer 
and  toastei's;  chocolate  pots  and  mill;  coffee  biggins, 
boilers,  filterers,  and  \w\a  ;  covers  for  plates  and  dishes ; 
^V^  lK>achcrs,  codlei-s,  and  ladles;  Etnas,  for  boiling 
water;  fish-knife;  flour-boxes;  graters;  hot-water  dishes 
and  plate;  inhaler;  pepper-boxes;  slices;  strainers,  for 
milk,  gra\7^,  and  gruel;  moulds;  tea  extractors,  kettles, 
and  ]>ots;  warmers,  for  carriage,  for  feet,  and  for  stomach; 
wicker  plate-baskets;  wine  mullers  and  strainer. 

Japanned  ware: — baths;  bread  and  cake  baskets;  boiler 
fillei*8;  bonnet  boxes;  liotanical  boxes;  candle  bi>xcs  and 
safes;  candlesticks;  canisters,  round  and  square;  cash- 
boxes;  cheese  trays;  cigar  trays;  coal  Bcoojie,  shovels,  ami 
vnHfs;  date  casi^s :  drt'ssing  cases;  ewers  and  basins;  fin* 


i«crBen;gimpowdercaiiiirter;  h.Tuiugtninipet;  !  Bimffer  tniyB;  augnr-bnicB;  tnblea;  tea  eaAdiet,;  toBst 
jnpi;  knife  tmys  ;  liun]ta  ;  Inntenui;  leg  hntli;  |  mckn;  toilette  netii;  tmya;  iimbrelln  hIiukIr;  vegetable 
s;  uiuic  BtBnd;  niireery  Innipg;  plnte  camem  |  wsnneni;  ventilators;  waJtoi-B;  (rater  cana;  wu  boxes; 
en ;   nudwioh  and  apice  boxes ;   apittoone ;  j  and  writing  boies. 


r¥  ft  JiHES,  IT'i/otK—  ManiiKictiircre.  I  Siunplea  of  wrought  iron  gaa 

Pkfant  iron  bodirtewlH.  cuiwintiiu;  iif  French  half-ti'Ktor     "na  of  thene  bcdnteiviii  ie  shown  in  tlie  cut,  in  wliVh  iln 
»->il  tent   Iwdflteaila,     Cliild'a  eol   iu  imn  mii!   in  hnuw.  \  lightneas  and  simplicity  are  n)preBant4^. 


goo- 


Class  22.— GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  &  25  to  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  to  29. 


"^  United 


65  Hill,  Edward,  &  Co.,  Bdivrley  Hill  Iron  Works, 

near  Dudley — Manufacturers. 

Ptttent  four-post  iron  bedstead,  with  pillam  of  taper 
iron  tubing,  &c.,  japanned  fancy  bead  and  foot-rails;  and 
the  parts  united  by  ornamental  castings. 

Patent  half-tester  bedstead,  with  foot-rail,  pillars  of 
taper  iron  tubing,  &c.,  fancyjapanned  and  brass  mounted. 

Patent  French  bedstead,  of  solid  iron,  with  femcy  bead 
and  foot-rails;  and  the  parts  united  by  ornament  iron 
castings. 

Child's  cot,  of  solid  iron,  with  patent  improvements, 
japanned  blue,  with  brass  top. 

Patent  half-tester  cot,  of  solid  faron,  with  patent  im- 
provements and  registered  safety  sides,  japanned  bamboo. 

All  the  parts  fit  accurately  and  can  be  put  up  and  taken 
down  by  one  person,  without  tools,  being  put  together 
with  patent  dovetail  joints,  and  fitted  with  patent  iron 
lath  bottoms. 

66  Shoolbred,  Loveridoe,  &  Shoolbred,  Wolver- 

hampton — Designers  and  Manufacturers. 

Papier  machd  trays,  in  various  styles.  Coal  vase,  and 
scoops. 

Shower-bath.  Windsor  hip-bath.  Sponge-bath,  with 
various  ornaments  and  improvements.  Nursery  hand 
shower-bath. 

Beart's  patent  coffee-pot,  electro-plated  on  tin. 

[The  principle  of  pneumatic  pressure  is  Involved  in  the 
operation  of  this  utensil :  the  upper  portion  of  the  pot 
may  be  considered  a  cylinder,  in  which  moves  the  coffee- 
holder,  which  consists  of  a  piece  of  cloth  strained  over 
what  may  be  called  a  piston,  the  action  of  raising  which, 
produces  a  partial  vacuum,  and  the  coffee  is  strained  by 
passing  through  the  sieve-like  material  of  which  the 
piston  is  composed,  by  atmospheric  pressure. — ^W.  C.  A.] 

Sets  of  toilet-ware.  Wine-cooler.  Dish-covers.  Tea- 
pots, coffee-pots,  and  tea-kettles.  Cash,  deed,  and 
writing  boxes. 

Date-dials  for  libraries,  counting-houses,  &c. 


67  Johnson,  Edward,  160  Piccadilly — Manufitcturer. 

Iron  folding  hinged  bedsteads,  with  brass  hinges  and 
legs ;  with  pole,  having  a  ring  at  the  top  from  which  the 
curtains  and  drapery  are  suspended,  capable  of  being 
packed  in  a  small  waterproof  valise. 

68  Whitfield,  James  Alexander,  Pclaw  Staith, 

near  Gateshead — Inventor. 

Improved  grappling  or  dredging-iron,  for  drawing  from 
the  water  the  bodies  of  persons  apparently  drowned. 

The  improvement  consists  in  its  passing  over  four  times 
the  space  which  the  present  irons  pass  over,  and  in  the 
same  time.  In  case  of  the  hooks  fastening  at  the  bottom 
of  the  river  they  will  straighten.  The  hanging-chain  with 
the  hooks  will  detect  a  body  lying  behind  a  rock  or  large 
stone.  Made  to  take  into  pieces,  so  that  it  can  be  easily 
repaired. 

69  Walton  &  Co.,  Wolverhampton — Manufacturers. 
Coal  vase  and  scoop;  enamelled  foot-bath,  pail,  and 

sponging  and  milk -cans;  block -tin  dish  covers;  bronzed 
kettles  and  stands. 


74  Stirk,  J.,  Salop  Street y  Wolverhampton — 

Manufacturer. 
Engineers'  anvil,  tinmen's  anvil,  and  smiths'  vice. 


75 


Wood,  George,  Thomas,  William,  &  Henrt, 
Stowbridye — Bianufacturers. 
Wrought-iron  anvil  and  vice,  for  smith's  forge. 
Spades  and  shovels.     Scythes  and  hay  knife. 
Grafting  and  draining  tools.     Pick.     Frying-pan. 
Link  chains  used  in  rigging  of  vessels,  cables,   and 
inclined    planes.      Swivel,    used   in  chains,    to  prevent 
twiatiug.    Shackle,  used  to  unite  pieces  of  chain  t<^ether. 


Anchors.     Card  of  nails. 

Screw  jack,  for  lifting  wagons,  boilers,  and  weights. 
Model: — Winch  fori&ips.     Windlass  for  lifting  cabfes, 
and  steering  barrel  for  vessels. 

76        Keep  &  Watkin,  Foster^s  Works,  Stourbridge— 

Bianufacturers. 

Spades  and  shovels  used  in  the  various  counties  of  the 
United  Kingdom,  and  in  the  colonies. 

Set  of  improved  cast-steel  draining  tools. 

Roimd  and  oval  frying-pans.  Olaziers,'  foundry,  and 
cooks'  ladles,  and  tinned  iron  band-bowls.  Crown  and 
patent  garden,  bramble,  and  grass  scythes;  and  hay, 
chaff',  and  thatchers*  knives. 

Specimens  of  crane  and  coal  chain. 

Horse  nails.     Counter  clout  nails  and  coopen'  rivets. 

Various  anvils.     Coopers'  beak  iron  and  smiths'  anvils. 

Bright,  staple,  improved  solid  worm,  screw  box, 
vice,  &c. 

Best  faggoted  axle  arm  moulds,  for  carts  and  wagons. 

Plough-share,  beam,  and  coulter  moulds,  for  foreign 
Knd  home  markets. 


82  Handtsidb,  Andrew,  Britannia  Foundry,  Derby — 

Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Cast-iron  fountain  and  vases,  one  a  co^y  of  the  ''  War- 
wick vase." 

An  ornamental  cast-iron  vase,  bronzed.  (Placed  in  the 
Main  Avenue  West.)  This  vase  is  represented  in  the 
accompanying  Plate  60. 

Two  cast-iron  vases,  from  the  Medici  vase. 

Two  Bacchanalian  vases,  from  the  antique. 

Two  antique  vases  with  scrolls. 

83  The  Bowling  Iron  Company,  Bradford,  Yorkshire 

— Producers  and  Manu&ctiu^rs. 

1.  Iron  ore,  as  raised  from  the  ground. 

2.  Iron  ore,  calcined,  ready  for  the  furnace. 

3.  Best  coal,  for  smelting  the  said  ore. 

4.  Coke,  produced  from  the  same  coal. 

5.  Pig  metal,  produced  from  the  same  ore.  No.  1, 
No.  2,  and  No.  3. 

6.  Refined  iron,  from  said  pig  metal. 

7.  Stamjungs  from  refined  iron  No.  6,  puddled. 

8.  Railway  wheel -tires,  produced  from  No.  7. 
9    Railway  wheel  tire,  bent  cold. 

10.  Railway  axles,  bent  cold. 

11.  Samples  of  puddled  iron,  rolled  and  punched  in 
different  forms. 

12.  Round  iron,  tied  in  knots  cold. 

13.  Marine  boilers,  flue  iron. 

14.  Cuttings  from  boiler  plates. 


84  Bateman,  James,  Polling  and  Wire  Mills,  Low  Moor, 
near  Bradford,  Yorkshire, 

Bloom  of  iron  H.  C,  produced  at  East  Riee,  Norway, 
and  generally  used  for  wire  for  cards,  and  other  pur- 
poses, where  great  toughness  and  strength  are  required. 

Billet  and  wire  rod  rolled  from  the  same. 

Nos.  6,  9,  12,  and  19,  wire  drawn  from  the  same. 
Rolled  into  rods  and  drawn  into  wire  by  the  exhibitor. 

Various  sizes  of  wire,  from  No.  24  to  No.  38  wires' 
gauge,  drawn  from  the  same. 

Various  patterns  of  cards  manufactured  with  the  same 
wire  by  Daniel  Bateman  &  Sons. 

[The  origin  of  the  term  "bloom"  is  not  very  evident; 
certain  it  is,  that  the  most  ancient  iron-works  in  this 
country  were  called  **bloomarie8,"  or  "bloom-smithies." 
Blooms  are  lumi>s  of  iron,  and  are  produced  in  such  a 
way  as  to  ensure  great  toughness.  Such  as  the  one 
exhibited  are  usually  formed  by  melting  slags  in  fur- 
naces at  such  a  moderated  heat  that  time  is  allowed  for 
the  metal  to  separate  from  the  silicious  matter  which 
contains  the  impurities,  which  then  runs  down  into  a 
basin,  where  all  the  particles  get  agglutinated  and  form 
a  pasty  mass,  which  is  removed  by  a  hooked  pole  in 


i^ 

^fe^^^q=^^fe^=^ 

1 

'  ■ 

H^iWi 

i 

h        ^fe 

Kixr.DOM.", 


IN'CLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  ().  18  TO  20,  &  25  to  27 ;  O.  9,  &  P.  3  to  29. 


noi 


order  to  be  foi^ged  ;  the  formation  of  each  bloom  of 
malleable  iron  requiring  a  period  of  from  three  to  four 
houn  for  its  production. — R.  H.] 

85   HiRD,  Dawson,  &  Hardy,  Low  Moor  Iron  Works, 
linylftjnl — Producers  and  llanufacturers. 

HineraLs  from  the  Low  Moor  Company's  mines,  near 
Bradfocd.  Black  ironstone,  an  argillaceous  iron  ore, 
yielding  28  per  oent.  of  pig  iron.  Requires  a  limestone 
flux.  Black  bed  ooal,  found  iumiediately  imder  the  iron- 
stooe,  about  28  inches  thick.  Better  bed  coal,  found  40 
yards  below  the  former,  about  22  inches  ihic^  Speci- 
nietu  of  Low  Moor  pig  iron,  and  of  wrought  iron  in 
various  ahapes;  some  tested  by  tension  and  otherwise. 

Ten-inch  gun  of  9  feet  4  inches,  weighing  85  cwt.,  used 
with  hollow  shot,  shells,  gru{>e,  and  canister  shot.  The 
charge  of  powder  is  12  lbs.,  and  reduced  charges  are  used 
for  short-range  shells.  When  fired  with  a  hollow  shot  of 
^4  lbs.,  and  an  elevation  of  5^,  this  gun  has  a  range  of 
1.7(jO  3ruds.  Mounted  on  a  carriage  (made  by  Messrs. 
C.  A.  &  F.  Fei^uson,  Mast  House,  Mill  Wall,  London) 
«ith  slide  and  ^purtenances,  with  improvements  to  facili- 
tate the  working  and  training,  and  checking  the  recoil,  of 
heavy  guns.  Thirty -two  pound  gun,  of  6  feet,  weiglung 
2u  cwt.,  used  with  solid  shot,  shells,  grape,  and  canister 
Hhot.  The  chaivee  of  powder  vary  from  2^  to  4  lbs. 
With  a  chai^  of  4lbs.,  and  fired  at  an  elevation  of  5°, 
the  range  is  1,5(H)  yards.  Mounted  on  a  similar  carriage, 
fur  broadside  and  quarter-deck  purposes. 

Sugar-cane  mill.  Cylinders  or  crusliing  rolls,  24  inches 
«liameter  by  48  inches  in  length,  to  be  driven  by  steam 
or  water-power.  Olive  mill.  Cylinders  or  crushing  rolls, 
lo  inches  in  diameter,  by  20  inches  in  length  ;  to  be 
driven  by  cattle,  steam,  or  water  {M>wer. 

Wilson's  elliptograph,  for  drawing  ellipses  of  any  pro- 
portion from  a  straight  line  to  a  circle. 

8rt     Ellis,  Wiluam,  136  Iligh  Street,  hie  of  Wight— 

Manufacturer. 
Kitchen-range,  and  hot-plate  over  oven  for  roosting, 
b^iilin;;:,  baking,  an<l  stewing,   heated  by  one  fire.     Boiler 
titt*"*!  to  the  8HUie,  for  heating  steiuu-kettlert,  steam -closet, 
:in<i  baiths. 

S7  XiCHoLBON,  William  Newzam,  Xt'imrh-on- Trent — 

Invents )r  and  Manufacturer. 

A  cuttxiire  cookiii^-^iito,  with  iiiiproveiuentH,  registered 
by  the  exhibitor,  un<ler  the  patent  <»f  John  Leslie,  of 
L'>ndi>u.  Tlie  impn^venientrt  clainuMl  eonsi.st  of  a  fire- 
>»rick  lining,  an  iniprov»Ml  fnnn  of  fire  and  ninge,  which 
rt.tiiiii.**  the  fuel  till  all  in  c<>nsnni«'d,  luid  (*li<les  in  grooves 
-»  that  the  reuuiiiw  of  a  tiro  ctui  be  cleared  out  in  an 
in.'<t3int. 

A  c«>ttatre  chamber  gnite,  with  rtimilju*  improvements. 

C'lttage  nuige  for  fiinn  kitchens,  or  other  lai-ge  esta. 
Mi-ihrnents,  with  .-^imiliu*  registered  improvcmentd;  and  a 
-jirtt-iou-*  oven,  hot-water  boiler,  Htciuning  clorfet,  and 
w.inn  clo-*et,  all  heatetl  from  a  fii*e  of  nunlerate  8ize. 

A  C"H. king  gr.it*'  for  cottjige^  and  emigrants,  complete 
without  -letting,  with  oven  and  cajnicious  boiler,  the  upper 
-urf-tce  fonning  a  hot  plate  or  ironing  stove. 

A  cottagers'  co<.>king-gi";ite,  with  oven. 

.\.  i'«H)king- range  for  large  establisliments,  forming  a 
c«>niplrte  stove  for  rojisting,  baking,  boiling,  &c. 

A  irr.ito  suitable  for  dining-rooms,  cxhil>iting  a  new 
C'»Tn^:nati«»n  of  c«»loiir  with  steel  or  iron-work. 

Threi-lik'ht  bnicket  f«^r  gas,  made  of  iron,  with  a 
fir.irf**  burtirr. 

Mftliiival  briicket  for  lights  ft>r  a  baronial  hall,  m;um- 
fu  t'irt"«l  of  ip>n  an<l  p<»lislie(l. 

.'^iiv^imen.-  of  decorative  wi>rk  in  wrought  and  ca.st- 
in-n  ojnibined. 


*»<  <"ou.iNS.  John,  Lromin-trr,  JIi;rjunl>hirc—ln\kintor. 

M'-b-l-  "f  i«i»t<'rit  inventions,  &c.:— Stove  f«»r  warming 
*nd  \ ♦•ntil.it inn  buil«lin;;s. 

St4»\e  grate  for  \\arming  and  \<'ntil:iting  rooms,  &o. 
Kiln  for  drying  malt,  h«»iM,  and  other  Mubstances. 


Machine  for  separating  the  parts  of  hops. 
Structure  for  the  better  management  of  farm-yard 
manure. 

89        DcJLBT,  John,  Northampton — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Registered  self-acting  efiluvia-trap. 
Patent  cooking-stove. 


90  Shavb,  W.  J.,  74  Watling  Street,  Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 

Patent  oven,  for  baking  bread,  pastry,  meats,  &c. 
Rrhibitod  for  economy  of  fuel  and  time. 

91  Sharp,  James,  Southampton— InreatoT  and 

ManufBMsturer. 

Apparatus  for  cooking  by  gas  a  dinner  for  one  hundred 
persons. 

[Dr.  Clayton,  in  1739,  boiled  eggs  by  means  of  gas; 
Mr.  Murdoch,  in  1792,  boiled  and  fried  meat  by  gas; 
and  in  1824  a  gas  cooking  stove  was  in  use  at  the  Etna 
Iron  Works,  near  Liverpool. — S.  C] 


92  Kerslare,  Thobcas,  Exeter — ManuffK;turer. 
Registered    boiler  for    heating    churches,    mansions, 

manufactories,  &c. 

93  Halstead,  Charles  &  Sons,  Chichester,  Sussex — 

Manufacturers. 

Kitchen-range,  with  mantelpiece,  combining  all  the 
conveniences  of  a  close  range,  with  a  large  open  roasting 
fire,  lai^e  oven  and  hot  plate,  and  good  supply  of  hot 
water.  

94  Keene;,  W.,  42  Conihill,  and  19  Harpttr  Street, 

Bloomsbury — Inventor. 

Registered  conducting  leaf  stove,  adapted  for  heating 
large  apartments  in  houses  exposed  to  a  north-eastern 
aspect.  The  difficulty  of  heating  large  rooms  to  a  com- 
foi-tiiblo  teuijwrature,  in  the  dejith  of  winter,  led  to  the 
invention  of  the  stove  exhibited.  In  an  apiirtment  almost 
insensible  to  the  action  of  the  ordinarj'  fire-place,  and  in 
which  the  thermometer  indiaited  bu^^a  feeble  tendency 
to  rise  two  houra  after  fire-lighting,  it  was  aflfocted  to 
the  extent  of  20  degrees  in  little  more  tlum  as  many 
minutes  after  lighting  a  fire  in  the  leaf  stove.  The  sen- 
sitiveness of  the  leaves  to  the  diffusion  of  heat  is  so  great 
that  the  combustion  of  a  few  shavings  or  a  little  i)!i|>er  in 
the  fire-place  is  immediately  juid  sensibly  felt  in  the 
ajmrtment.  Such  a  result,  obtained  not  only  without 
any  sacrifice  of,  but  in  a«ldition  to,  the  comfort  of  an 
ojHjn  fire  in  the  onlinary  fire-plivco,  cleai'ly  demonstrates 
the  value  of  the  heat  which  we  jHjnnit  to  pass  up  the 
chimney.  By  the  leaf  stove  it  is  rendereil  available,  and 
msule  to  circulate  in  the  apartment,  or  may  be  shut  off  at 
will. 

The  conducting  leaf  stove  is  fonned  of  i)lates  of  metal 
so  plitced  that  e;icli  <»ne  is  a  conducting  leaf,  a  iM)rtion  of 
which  g«H*rt  down,  aw  it  were,  into  contact  with  the  fire, 
and  is  exiH)sed  to  the  direct  jution  of  the  heat.  Tho 
heat  thus  ivceived  is  r.ipidly  (listrilmtcHl  over  the  whole 
siu-face  of  the  leaf.  When  it  is  desiix'd  to  tiike  a<lvantage 
of  the  heat  connnunic:ite<l  by  conduction,  it  is  only 
nee<lful  to  set  the  valves  ojHjn,  and  permit  the  air  to 
circtilate  aroimd  the  loaves;  by  closing  the  valves,  the 
circulation  is  snj>presse<l  or  mi>ililied  at  pleasure.  The 
rapidity  of  the  c«»ndiution  of  the  heat  pivvents  the  metal 
attaining  a  high  tirmiK'nitm-e.  The  principle  of  this  stove 
is  to  diti'us«'  a  large  volume  of  air  at  a  genial  temjH?rature 
by  tlu^  combicting  jMnver  of  extensive  sm-fiwes.  In  onli- 
naiT  stoves,  m:is-»«'s  of  metal  heat  small  volumes  of  air 
to  a  high  tt-miK'nitiire,  by  whirh  it  is  rt-ndered  unwhole- 
some. This  stove  an«l  its  interior  construction  are  shown 
in  the  next  \Kvji\ 

Th»'  i»rin«i|'l»'  of  the  crmdiuting  leaves  can  Ih»  applicil 
in  a  givat    variety  of  forms,    and   to  the  construction  of 


r,.  M.  \ 


— (iEXEHAL  HAHDWAllE, 
'.  :;i),  &  -^r,  to  27  ;  <>.  9.  &  1',  3  t. 


ny  Hizo,  6ir  ln'al.iiift  Tiinlibiili-,  li.apitiil  rrunh 
chuTchee,  (ldiI  jniblic  hlUlilmi,v  genomlly   nnd   ca 
kfjit  K'liliin  tlielimitaneeilfiil  for  the  invnlitl  hed- 
or  amalliiRt  aportniGnt. 

Fie.  1. 


FiBTH,  TilOMA!).  AVm  street,  11,-lf.. 
I'nipriotor. 
ItoKuttTdd  mnHol   tii-L-lHix,  with  hntlow  fin;  1i 

ii";i.i.Kithorfv 
Stfo  also  L  liLJii  5,  No.  *7i,  wth  i-i 


witli  hi 


Itii'ImtiiiK  liull 


il8      BkNUAM  k  EuNH.  1!  .. 

Osfiini  iMaHtinc  nuiKu  with  mlintiiig 

Improved  Uiford  riiup  with  iituii.  t-'itl.nl  nlwi  with 
omoltc  jiuk,  will)  iloiiMf  niiti<i<k  ui'>voiiiuiit.  cli^iiiix. 
CRullv,  i>iiit,   iH-vf  aiul  iiiiitt-'U.     ^.Si-v' tbviumoxoduiit.) 


KiKUDOX. 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  it  25  to  27 ;  ().  9,  Sc  T.  3  to  21>. 


003 


Alflo  with  hut-plate  and  broiling  stove,  with  oven  for 
fnutry,  ftc.y  to  l>e  heated  by  one  fire  ;  moveable  gridiron, 
Ike;  charcoal  stovea;  steain-table  for  dishing  up;  hot 
clodet  with  folding  dooni,  to  be  heated  by  Htcani  or  hot 
water ;  large  oven  and  furnace  with  cloaet  above ;  bain- 
Marie  pan  for  keeping  gra\'ieH  and  sauces  hot ;  vegetable 
Kteaiuer  and  trays;  steam-kettles,  copper  brazing-pan,  fish- 
kettle,  stock-pot,  and  stew-pans. 

Copper  wann-bath,  with  cocks  and  lever  handles. 

Cupper  sus^iending  shower-bath.  Portable  warm  bath. 
Cottijgier^s  stove.  Shrapnel's  new  system  of  bell-hang- 
ing, without  wires  or  cranks.     Stove-grates. 


99  Gbrooby,  T. — Producer. 

Dining-room  fire-screen. 

too  CoULlEB,  Son,  k  Snowden,  10  Foster  St.,  Bishopsgatt 
Street — Patentees  and  Inventors. 

Pifttent  porcelain  enamelled  coffee- roasting  cylinder, 
thickly  lined  inside  to  prevent  the  possibility  of  scorching 
or  charring  the  coffee  during  roasting,  and  prevents  the 
berry  frum  imbibing  that  metallic  or  vaporous  flavour,  so 
much  complained  of  in  coffee  roasted  in  the  ordinal^ 
uommon  iron  cylinders.  The  metal  of  which  these 
cyiindera  are  compt^sed  is  altogether  different  to  any 
hitherto  employed  for  that  purpose. 

The  wire  cylinder  is  used  for  purifying  or  cleansing 
coffiM  that  has  imbibed  offensive  flavours  during  im- 
portation. It  ia  likewise  applied  for  cooling  coffee  after 
roaatnig,  by  the  introduction  of  atmospheric  air;  it  in 
cooleil  fai  a  few  minutes,  and  ma}'  be  packed  for  any 
diiitanoe,  without  the  essential  oil  starting  from  the 
berry,  by  what  is  generally  knoun  in  the  trade  by  the 
term  awaiting. 


101 


JoUJfg  59  Omnhiit  Street — Inventor, 
Ptttentee,  and  Manufiicturer. 

Patent  fire-lMridk  grate  for  drawing-rooms.  The  back, 
bottom  and  aidea  are  of  fire-brick,  &c.,  the  only  adniis- 
f*ion  of  air  being  in  front,  a  more  effective  combtiHtion  of 
the  fuel  is  accomplished,  whereby  j^iv^\ter  heat  luiliutey 
into  the  room  with  a  saving  of  "lO  per  cent,  of  co.-iIh. 
(.-«>kc,  or  wood. 

Patent  fire  brick  dining-room  or  librarv  grates,  bed 
fi^im  gnteai,  labourers*  cottage  giiites,  and  oven,  boiler, 
.Old  steaming  apparatus  for  cooking  pur|K>seH. 

I'atent  domestic  ga** purifying  a]ii)aratus,  wheroby  gioat 
sanitary  and  economic  reriult<<  are  obtaine<l  in  the  ct>ui- 
bu!<tion  of  gas.  Patent  g.is  regulating  upiuuntuH,  to 
t^jiudiiM  the  flow  of  gas. 

Patent  2»-tubo  g-.w  bumei*H,  with  gloMS  comburitioii 
( luuulwrs,  graduated  for  given  quaiititia-t  of  gas,  whereby 
thr  lar^cMt  amount  of  light  of  which  the  gas  is  diiHceptible 
i.-  produced  without  changing  the  burner. 


1  \  i2       Sn'ART  &  Smitu,  Sheffield — Manufactm-ei-s. 

SjiOfiiuenii  of  Sylvester*?  j»atent  grates,  exhibited  for 
!»'jvelty  of  principle,  design,  suid  workniaiwhip. 

I*at4.iit  register  grate,  with  a  revolving  canopy;  on  a 
new  principle. 

The  mantelpieces  niiumf:icturc<l  by  Mcrie»n*.  Nelson,' of 
C-^rlii*l«*, 

FeiHliTM,  fire-in »ns,  Ike,  exhibited  a*<  HjKJcimens  of 
design)  and  workniani<hip. 

Ascending  and  tUtsceuding  air  Htove.*»,  Huitablo  for 
«.'ntrance  hallrf,  &c. 

Tlir>v  miniatiin^  ftcam-eriirini's,  in  bi-a^s,  complete ; 
uorki-^l  lM»th  by  Ht«':uii  Jind  cl«»ck  work.  The  Inrgerft 
»4-iu:h*i  "Jj  ouiice.M,  the  second  only  |  of  an  <»unce,  and  the 
-ujailest  J  of  an  ounce.     Miulo  by  W.  Hiiif*t,  Shetlield. 


l<,lj     KvANi*,  JuiKMIAII,  SoN,  &,  Co..  .'{;'.  h'tn;/  WiiUtin 
Stnrt,  Lotul'tt  />/i«///«^ -Manufacturers, 
Buminhe*!  uttvl  <lrawing-room  re^i.-'ter  sto\f,   fcn«ler, 
.'tinl    fin*   imi>lemeut«<    m   tmitc,    m«)unted    with  or-iuolu 
'•mamentn. 


A  kitchen-iungo,  with  two  wrought  iron  boilei-s  (for 
steam  and  hot  water),  the  hobs  and  fronts  polished,  the 
hitter  fitted  with  IV^rlin  black  })annels;  the  biu*H  tu« 
bright,  vertical,  and  miule  to  o()cn  after  the  manner  of 
a  giite,  with  two  winding  cheeks  and  trovets,  made  to 
work  in  an  improved  numner. 

A  bi*oiling-plate,  with  loose  ling  tojw,  made  to  cor- 
respond in  style  with  the  range. 

A  steam  hot-closet,  with  ct>p|)er  shelves,  with  double 
doors,  finished  in  mune  stylo  as  range  ;  co2)|)er  steam- 
kettles,  stewx>ans,  &c. 

A  complete  double  oven,  with  dead  sprung  fronts, 
bold  0  Q  mouldings,  sliding  |)annel  doors;  also  made  to 
correspond  with  range. 

A  smoke-j]Vck,  with  double  out«ido  mavemont  and 
dangles,  adapted  to  turn  six  spits,  or  more. 

A  highly- finished  wann-jvir  stove,  bhick  |>olished,  with 
mermaid  ornaments  at  the  comera,  nshcs-grate  and 
fender,  adapte<l  for  the  state  cabin  of  a  ship. 

A  classic  bronzed  [>edestal  lamp,  adapted  for  an  en- 
trance hall,  with  three  patent  Argand  burners  and 
gliisses. 

A  bronzed  trophy  or  shield,  with  bro-ss  ornaments, 
sword,  sword-belt,  &c. 

Brass  and  black  dogs  for  wood  fires. 

Improved  kitchener;  or  cooking  apparatus,  so  ai'- 
ranged  as  to  form  either  im  Qven  or  close  fii'e,  with  a 
large  roasting  oven,  wi'ought  iron  boiler,  &c. 

A  black  register  stove,  in  the  Elizabethan  style,  with 
fire-brick  back,  fender  and  fii*e  furniture  t4i  coiTesinind. 

A  dead-sprung  register  stove,  with  canopy  of  Italian 
bronze,  lizard  ornaments,  bright  bars,  &c. 


10-i  Morton,  J.,  :i2  h'l/re  Street,  Shrfficld— 

Manufacturer. 
A  c<ist-inm   tiible,  with  marble  ti»p,  and  an  or-molu 
fender.     Berlin  tmd  bronze  fenders. 


105       LoNODKN  &  Co.,  .?At;^t7*/— Designers  juid 

Maumfacturoi's. 

Cooking  apparatiw,  adapted  for  an  opening  eight  feet 
wide,  by  five  teot  high,  and  eontviniug  an  open-lire  rosint 
iug  range,  with  sliding  Hpit-r.icks  and  winding  cheek  ()r 
niggaixl;  a  WTought-iron  boiler,  holding  thiily  pill«»n>. 
prepai'ed  for  supplying  hot  water  to  an  upi>er  chaunber; 
a  wrought-iron  piurtrv  oven,  having  the  top  made  hotter 
than  the  bottom,  thereby  insuring  the  p:u«<try  bein^ 
lighter  and  nioiv  wholesome  than  in  ovent*  on  the  old 
principle;  a  hot  hejulh,  heated  by  the  oven  Hue.  intended 
for  boiling  fish  and  vegetables  ;  three  stewing  ntovcrf  and 
one  oven,  t<»  l)0  heated  by  g;w,  f(»r  boiling,  frying,  baking, 
or  roasting,  which  may  Ik)  ixv'dated  at  ple;u<ure  In  the 
gas  cocks.  Meiit  ro.Lited  in  the  g:u<  oven  is  naid  not  t<» 
waste  away  in  the  sjune  proportion  as  when  done  l>efor(? 
the  fire,  luid  as  the  dripping  falls  ujMin  a  cool  pan  it  i-* 
not  bunit  or  <liscoltmred.  but  ren<len.!<l  tit  for  culinary 
IMU-po.-*es.  The  two  hot  hearths  are  8urr«»unded  by  cove 
jilaWrt,  which  iut»  ho  airanged  iu<  t-o  protect  the  cook  from 
the  hejit  of  the  open  lire. 

Wann-jiir  stove,   heated  by  gjid   i)laced  in  a  wrought 
iron  interior,  with  cheapo  pi|)e  at  Uick,   and   having  the 
exterior  perf<>rat<jd  tlu'ouglumt   f«»r  tin*  e.-^cape  of  w:u'm 
air. 

SjKicimen  >tair  l»iiJu.-?tei>  ami  ne\vell.<.  in  vjuious  htyles 
«>f  ornament. 

Gallery  fn»nt  for  entrance  hill,  &c.,  consisting  <»f  a 
panel  in  Koiujui  ^tyle,  Hurruiindtd  with  m.ili«»'/:uiy  mil-* 
ami  pillai"H,  Tho  vjiri«ni.s  scroll,-*  ami  t'«»li.",'«'  «•!"  thi.s 
design  are  c:U'\e'l  on  both  .-tijlcs,  ami  intertwiiiccl  with 
tho  riiling  bars,  in  imit.itiou  uf  a  iiatnr.il  growtii, 

Perforateil  pe<lr.stals  l*or  cncloMinLr  coil.s  or  tuiM  of 
pijK's,  heiit<-<l  by  tho  rirciil;ition  of  hot  water,  with  marble 
slab  at  t^tp,  UM'ii  a^  hall  t.ibles,  ^c. 

l()<i         .FiUk»<oN  &  Co..  -^f'  ih'i''f     Manilla*  tni\'i>. 

Tat*  nt.   bright    .-t.il    liuht    :in<l    ht  at    i.lUctim.'    .'to\r 
^rate.    with   white    m:irbl''   rh!iiiii<-\ -|»ict;e,   o\«>il.ii'l    with 
>:ilt   ornamentrt  in   th<-  icii;ii— '.mce  -t\l«-      Thi-  i:i.itv  i" 


Clam  22,— QENEHAL  HABDWABE, 
L.  M.  N'.  0.  Irt  TO  M,  fi:  25  TO  27  ;  0.  H.  &  P.  3  to  20. 


combine  economy  with  powerfi  of  hent- 
mg  ana  venmition;  the  refleotor  ia  movable  upon  a 
slide- binge  for  ventilation,  biking  out  the  ashen,  and 
aweeping  the  cMmney.      KuitJible  for  draniiu-rooDU,  &c. 

A  bumished  steel  regiBtcr-stove,  with  white  marble 
chimney-piece  ;  tlie  stove  ornamented  with  twijited  ateei 
mouldings,  gilt  coronet,  and  silver  foathera,  and  thero  is 
also  a  steel  wib-piui  fender  with  polished  moulding,  and 
omomenta  simiUr  to  tbe  stove. 

A  bright  patent  aii-stove ;  tbedeaign  forming  a  pedeatftl. 
Suitable  for  entranoe  halls,  &o. 

Parlour  coofciag-stove.  The  advaotngea  of  this  grate 
consist  in  ito  forming  a  ohinmej-pioce.  with  open  fire 
registar-grate,  and  portable  oveu  for  Cooking.  Suitable 
for  cottagM,  lodging-houMB,  &a. — Invented  by  Henry 
Lazton,  architect,  B  Pall  MoU  East. 


106a  Laxtoh,  H.,  V. 

Parlour  eooking-sto 


Arundel  Slrret,  atrand — Inventor. 


Ref^tered  pyrci-pneumatic  irarming  and  ventilating 
stove-giiiit«,  suitable  for  the  entiance-hall  or  staircaae  of  a 
nobleman's  miUisioD ;  the  outer  casing  of  cast  iron,  ground, 
polished,  and  browned.  The  interior  is  of  prapwd  fire- 
clay, moulded  in  various  piecea.  Thia  atovi  ' 
aentad  in  the  following  cut. 


i,iiH,  S./mnjni  SI. — Designer,  Inventor  j 
and  Manufacturer.  | 

Stovo-gmte,  in  the  Elizabethan  style,  with  Ibndar  and  i 
fir« -irons  en  taile.  , 

Drawing-room  Htove-gratc.  in  style  of  Louis  Quatonie.   • 

Chimney-piece  of  cast  iron,  enamelled  in  the  enriche 
style  of  the  period.  Fender,  in  or-molu,  formed  of  vin 
leavM,  tendrils,  and  clusters  of  grapes  the  supports  t: 
the  fire-irons  being  branches  of  tbe  \  ne  with  bunches  of 
gra^  siiKpended.  Fire-irona  en  si  U  of  pol  shed  slctl 
havmg  spiral  st«nis,  tbe  pan  of  the  shovel  engraved  au  I 
the  or-molu  heads  composed  of  line  lea  es  and  gra|}es 
This  grata  is  represented  in  the  illustrat  on  below 

Bevilled  register  stave  grate.    Bronzed  fender  and  fire 

Elizabethan  chimney-piece,  of  Bntish  aUbaeter  by 
Henry  I'uoto.  mnson  ;  and  the  hearth  of  specimens  of 
British  marble,  tbe  outer  border 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  ORATES. 
.  K.  O.  m  TO  'JO.  &  23  TO  L>7 ;  O.  0,  &  P.  3  t 


■  If*    Carii&Riltt.  n.iHi-i  /,.« 

ir  Il-,„-i..  ; 

<A.-^rl.l— 

MlUll■fnctll^ 

I'at-ut  ao.il.ln-dii.'c  I^^iK  nn. 

I  <>,.im1  m, 

lollilK-  klli 

■raiwinKcMli.     (..^er  l.liwlu 

.  a.'.l  -pri. 

I!;1hhH.<« 

l:iIi  thHMinr.    BKjonel  n>iml  n 

rinohiiK^  kn 

iv.--. 

«Jr...Ur.  rramf,  Mulpit  «,*«. 

Milthnn 

r  »■«(..     S 

.-r-<  FlittuiR-knifi.-.    HBchiiie-kiii 

iff,  r..r  cIJi 

ttiiiK  l"lm. 

l»i  hin«-plane    md   nunM'mg    i 

mil".       Ki 

1,-^.    .L«.,r 

..■Ve  flip,  with  vivK-  aTi.l  ,],->\zn 

"iitc'hinnksrs :  iiilveri>niitliii,  jowt'lUim,  &e..  coiiibiiiing 
onTj-  vniii'tj-  ••ri'hnpr,  ciit,  nmi  diiuvnxioiw.  from  iiiis  tn 
fiirty-HJi  iiH'lii'ii  in  luuKth;  iiH^liiiIiii);  the-  mncave  amlcon- 
:  v<-xlil(f.withcflutinii»iiHti>nth,  niiil  n iiilvprmiiitliH*nil>1>cr, 
^  nil  iiicliiw  liToul.  iiii]ipciimd  tii  he  tlic  (n*pntc*t  lireadtli  nf 
Hiirface  y vw  fiit  witli  thi-  miitiiuKni*  tmrtli. 

Kj^H-citiKii''  iif  liH'iiniiitivi'  I'liirim?.  Mid  nulway-nuTiiwn, 
e;irrim^>trui:k.  Iiiiri*-bni.  vnii  iuhI  wukkhu.  ImiriiiK, 
;  liiiHcr,  fiihlilmwHpriiiK-.  with  ttn'ir  rmtH'ttive  uti-iiw  or 
!  boxen.      I[ii|ir.jvwl  KiniiiK"  fi.r  Iracti.m  or  l>iimn);,  vlliptii' 


!■•;*     JnitwnN.  Cjimncm..  &  fn,.  Cvl-i"-' 

-Stii^-U,  y.rhAi>r.  .-Mniiii((utiir 

M<Nlrl  «f  the  Cycloio'  Wr,rkri. 


.iil!H  r,.r 


,   illiu 


•■  of  thp  (i 


rr'<n  tiili-i  iit«'l:  rAtnpriMnB  thv  mtr  iriii,  hliKtrr  Htivl, 
•-I'nnic  uul  HhrMr-iilcni.  in^nt  rniit-Klifl,  nn<l  cnxtntt'cl  nf 
t  ^iH'tiiH  kinlii.  f'lr  cneinetTiiv  niiil  iiitrhanionl  iw. 

rM-rt<«l  f  iriHiiK  ,.f  liir.'o  iiinHii.^  |>Liti.iiro<l. 

('arl^ytrfl  Inwinicitivc |ii-tnn-r<«L' iiU'l  civit. 

Av.  bwnnirr.  Ifml.  rliiM.'!.  Inp.  dii'.  Bhivt.  jn'n  i 
n.Tv.  iukI  ■•(Iht  iiti'.'Li. 

N|.-hn(w  (.f  tiW  niul  ra>^i«i.  f.rt' th.-  .:«(■  nf  ..n-i 
t  .'.'hi■u't^  xuiirL".  fiixl  ru»  iiuk.:.:  n.>>m.-1.  I'lni'. 


wrouKht- 


.ii-n  of    110     Umi 


iwk.  f.irhiii 


milK  rr 


R|MH 


„  &  (■„..  4S  A-,./"-  .^ 


if         Tv.iry  r:irv.T»:  |>liitiil  finh  Kirvi-n".     Ri1v>' 

hniKlIc.  KitviT  f.-mil'<-,  nitb  A  crank  in  tlii-  i 
K-ilt  aihl  Ptchnl  Mwlc. 

Ivnn,'.  hihvr.   nn.l  j.lnti'r]   tal.l.'-kliiM'^.     i 
il  .|«,.m.   All.,-,t   ,...1..™.      lv-.,-y   ^. 


fnrk.    fUl.l    PIMI.III. 
Silv.r  mk.!  kiiif.'. 


}-h.[ 


Ci-Aiw  22.— GRXERAI,  llAUDWABE, 
L.  M.  N.  O.  IS  TO  20.  &  25  to  27 ;  0.  0.  &  I'.  3  t 


29. 


110a   Bimwbek.  Wm.,  &SoNB,S'ii7WW./— Miuiufiicturtix. 

EmigrgjiU',  hciiiiuultunil,  imJ  guutluuiull'il  tout  cIliwtH. 
complBto,  of  vBrioua  niiea. 

CBiiailulu  noil  HriixU  wcd^  axtrx.  AciiorictUi  fuid  Auk- 
baliau  fi^lliiig,  iiidiiifi,  and  squaring  &<teH. 

KiunnierB,  for  nuiuiu  inirpoees.  Axoii,  luvtcheta,  Ulil 
BtODo-|iicka.  Cutipuni'  Hliu-p  uid  nail  wlie,  IidwhU,  frov, 
luiil  diivor.  Cnrpentent'  and  whvclon'  lulio.  Su)^- 
cli»ppera.     Briglit  cho|i[ier8. 

CluavurK,  withironluuidU;  AmoricoD  cluavnr;  mmcbig 
knives;  imd  cheese  kiiivva. 

FnnueTH'cbiwUiilidgotiRDe,  in  cn»t-iitCL'[.  Millwright*' 
vliiiiels  and  gouges.  Turning  chisel*  luiil  Ku«l(t«'  Socket 
uliifKli  and  gouges.  Mortice  chiaela.  PluiS'iruns;  pluugh 
bits;  and  muidditig-irona. 

Sponucm,  single  luid  duubla-«ndod  improvod  ihifting 
■wrew-kc^TB.    Ciiuch  wri'iiuhoi. 

Iinproveil  cylinder  iuhI  bust  iloublu  milway  wreuches. 

Horuw  Btocks  and  lUvn,  with  tagicr  aiid  plu):  bois. 

Hocket  brace;  screw  iilatoa;  Hpring  luvidura;  and 
uallipers. 

Variuus  compasses,  pincers,  Dipjieni,  punches,  and 
[ilyen,  for  different  puriiuHes. 

Pinking  imns;  aheep-markeni;  patent  Hnw  netit;  stenk 
tungs;  fledi  foriu;  ciuulle  uiuffcn;  and  iiutcmckii. 

Oatden  touln  <if  cvory  duM'riiitioii ;  |iruiiiiiK  nhcnm; 
(fTApo  galben>rH:  nvaruncoters;  pniniiig  neiaton;  vino 
M'issorsi  anc]  fluHor  gntlwrcTM. 

it  of  table  cutleiy. 


112      Makin,  WilUaN,  AlftrtUjIt  Sle-.'l  1VVfa>,  iM>r 
H.ie^tlii — UaDU&ctuTdT. 

I'lijier-mtll  mg-eiigine,  with  roller-ban  and  bottmn 
plutus,  maile  of  the  best  cast-st«el;  it  is  Intonded  la  be 
uHed  fur  grincling  ropee,  rags,  aa<l  other  materials  iota 
Che  pulp,  empluyed  iu  tbu  uinuufaeture  of  p^>ar. 

[ItngH,  rope,  8lc.,  or  the  materials  of  wliioh  iaper  u 
uuulu,  must  bu  reduced  to  a  state  of  pulp;  to  accomplish 
tbii)  tbuj'ti  hu^  been  uumy  mode*  devised,  but  that  in 
whicb  the  lulk'r-ban  aud  buttuui  platee  ore  used,  is  aaid 
tu  be  the  beat.  Tbc  iiitentiuu  uf  the  n)ller-b«r,  iti  the 
<irat  place,  is  tu  asxiat  in  washing  the  rags,  and  aeooftdly, 
when  brought  to  a  noiiror  coDDsnon  with  tha  bottom- 
pliitos,  which  is  plactil  at  the  l>uttnDi  of  the  cirtem,  to 
break  the  fibren,  which  ore  then  jsansd  away  in  a  filuiy 
Htato.  Tho  water  being  duwiputoil,  the  minute  fibres  ars 
ilejBiaiteJ  un  n  surface  ur  cylinder,  und  after  nndergoiiig 


t   pre 


,    &c., 


cntually  beoomv  psfwr 


Plates  of  cast-steel,  polished  on  both  sidea. 

Knives  for  ro[ic  and  rag-cutting  machiiMs;  horiiontal 
cultci^:  doctor  blades  for  pa[«r  machine  rolls;  circular 
ciittunt  aud  slitten ;  croesciitting,  bench,  and  reel  knives ; 
rupe  luid  mgaxes,  and  ctia|i[iera  uf  various  patterns. 

Tiiliacco-knivcs ;  snuff-knivea;  Millet's  raSned  caat-ateel 
cliisuU  and  picks ;  jupcr  mnkers'  rag-sorting  knives,  tu:. 

SiuupleH  uf  blister,  Imr,  shear,  end  cast^teel,  uaed  in 
tile  various  branches  of  ttie  manufoetnres  of  SheSekL 

Siunple^  r>f  cast-stei'l,  used  in  the  manu&cture  of  wira 

for  needle",  hackle-pins,  Sec.,  also  by  er  " * '~ 

makers,  and  iroufounders. 


1  l.'J     Spear  &  Jackson,  SiicffiM — Unnufiwturera. 

CoHt-Btei'lciTcularsaw,  Ij  feet  diameter,  machine grmutd 
luid  iiuliHh«l.  These  saws  are  toothed  with  a  dividing 
engine  which  renders  them  regnlor  ou  the  edge,  and  are 
);ruimtl  niul  ]>uli«bed  by  a  now  machine. 

Hpuciuieu  of  n  spring  steel  handsaw,  30  inches  long, 
with  puliiilied  bUde,  and  French  polished  ebony  handle. 


I<nli»lwil  blades,  French  [loliBhed  hondlesof  varioos  kinds 
of  wiHid,  ukI  Qemiau  silver,  brass,  or  polished  iivn 
screwK;  mill-sawi,  piteuws,  cnnHcut  saws,  segment,  aad 
other  kindH  Huitablc  for  the  home  aud  foreign  markets. 

Ledger  blades  and  siiiml  cutters  for  snearing  cluth; 
sheep  slitting  kuivcs,  luiy  aud  straw  knives;  tanners  uml 
cunierH'  kuiven;  nud  ]>a]>er  knives.     F^les  ami  rssps. 

Specimen  «f  on  American  woilge  axe,  with  solid  stevl 
eilge,  anil  French  jHilislied  ruecwoiHl  liandle. 

t^ige  tuulK,  including  axes,  adzes,  augets,  mill  chisels, 
car|ioiiters*  ehisela  and  gouges,  and  tools  used  by  bi 
joiners,  cttri>ent«r»,  sliipwrights,  coopers.  Ac. 


IU 


FlSMNEV,  FRI 


.,  Sirgiild—iii 


Jkcturer. 
idiug  apecimans  of  the 


Knnirs  of  different  quulitii  . 
bcHt  work  iu  carving,  grinding,  and 
]]Utt4jni  and  design. 

Mother-of-iieort  show-rnziir,  the  bhule  emboncil  with 
scroll  omimieiits  and  SheHieti)  anus ;  swell  and  set  in 
niver:  the  work  nu  tho  bhule  «wi  cut  by  the  grindstone. 

Sliecimun,  showiug  tho  different  atsgea  of  the  manu- 
facture of  the  btiule,  all  cniitiuned  in  one  solid  pieoe  of 
out-stoel,  with  carved  uiother-uf-|i«arl  handle. 

115  Cocker,  Sandei.,  &Sos,  rAePDrffrStnllfWi*, 
SieJIiM-  Mauufacturan. 
Steel  suitid>1e  for  all  puri»»H<s,  fti>m  on»«ixteetlt)i  of  an 
inch  and  larger.  CaHt-Hteel  liles,  of  wartantail  quality, 
from  1  iueli  to  40  iuehes  lung,  fur  meclianiciJ  porpoae*, 
watuh  and  dock  iUAkun>.  ileiitislo,  &c.  A  lai^  uct^iwal 
file,   displayhig  on  its  surface  ^ii'  ' 

general  iwe;   also  a  1>ur  uf  ste^'l. 


KoroDOif.] 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  TO  29. 


(507 


of  file  manufacture  from  the  ingot  of  steel  to  the 
finnbed  file.  Circular  machine  files  for  sharpening  saws. 
Registflrad  circular  file  or  cutter,  for  filing  plane  siufaces, 
to  be  attached  to  machine-power,  suitable  for  filing  brass, 
steel,  iron,  irory,  Ac.  Cast-steel  wire  of  every  descrip- 
tion, from  the  hairnipring  to  liL-inoh  diameter,  being  the 
largeat  mm  erer  drawn.  Needles,  in  their  various  stages 
of  manuiiMsturei  from  the  bar  iron,  as  imported  from 
Sweden,  to  the  finished  needle.  Sundry  specimens  of 
haddes  and  gills,  wool-combers'  broaches,  edge  tools, 
■awa,  mill-pickB,  and  chisels.  Wire-drawing  plates,  of  a 
r^n^lit''  qvudity  of  steel,  made  only  by  the  exhibitors ; 
and  a  Tanety  of  other  articles. 

116      HiaomBJLYXi,  William,  &  Co.,  Sheffield— 

Hanufacturers. 

Coromandel-wood  case,  lined  with  crimson  silk  velvet, 
contamini^  12  table-knives,  12  dessert  knives,  and  1  pair 
of  carran — all  with  carved  ivory  handles,  of  three  various 
dfjgm,  silver  fermles,  and  highly-polished  steel  blades. 
•  Table-knives,  with  ivory  huuues  and  silver  ferrules, 
intended  for  general  use. 

TaUa-knives,  with  fimey  wood  handles,  made  for  the 
North  American  mai^et. 

Roimd-of-beef  carvers,  with  stag-horn  handles,  silver 
caps  and  ferrules,  and  highly-polished  steel  blades. 

Game  carvers,  with  carved  ivory  handles,  silver  ferrules, 
and  similar  blades. 

Bread  knife,  with  carved  ivory-handles,  silver  ferrule, 
and  hig^y-polished  steel  blade. 


117  Tctuteb,  Thoxas,  &  Co.,  Suffolk  Works,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Fur  of  Albert  venison  carvers,  6  feet  long,  with  stag 
antlers. 

Botmd-of-beef  slioers,  30  inches  long,  and  trowelled 
stag-alicers. 

Owes  of  carved  ivory  table  cutlery,  also  of  ivory  and 
pearl  aflver  desserts. 

Table  cutlery  and  plated  on  steel  desserts. 

A  variety  of  carvers,  steels,  vegetable-forks,  cheese 
sc<>o{js,  butchers'  knives,  palette  knives,  glaziers'  knives, 
cooki'  knives,  &c. 

The  IVince  of  Wales's  sailor's  knife,  6  feet  long.  Gar- 
deners' cutlery  and  HiH)rt«inen*rt  knives. 

The  Cambrian  razor,  with  a  view  of  the  "  Suffolk 
Wi.rk.-*."  Sheffield,  engraved  on  the  ivory  haft;  and  pat- 
t«-mji  of  razors. 

.^[-jrtxnicn's  knives  in  pearl,  &c.  Various  pattema  of 
porkH  and  penknives. 

Stone-saw,  used  for  cutting  Bath  and  other  frecHtone. 
Circular,  hand,  and  back-saws,  &c. 

Card  of  files,  such  as  are  in  general  use. 


1 18         Alcob,  J.,  10r»  ?:M>jn  Street,  Sheffield— 

Mimnfjicturer. 

Knives  for  shocmakcrM,  clickers,  and  curriers  ;  shoe- 
makers' and  American  peg-knives  ;  farrierti'  and  German 
aaihUers'  knives  ;  German  shoe -knife. 

Joiners'  ami  cabinet-makers'  blades. 

Khftemakers'  and  curriers'  steels. 

Sad<Uer«'  half-moon  knife ;  Uiis^ian  shoemakers'  knives. 

Knives  for  coopers,  painttrs,  and  glaziers. 

Pltmibers'  i«liave  hook.     ButcherH'  knives. 

Bread  knife ;  Newfoundland  fisliknives. 

Basketmakers'  knives  and  iKnlkins. 

Cooks*  knives*  ;  palette  knives.     Butchers'  steel. 


111»     Pab&in  &  Marshall,  Teleijntph  Wurhf,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Talkie  and  dessert  knives,  with  carvers,  fluted  pearl 
handles,  rilver  femileH,  and  polished  blades. 

PUi-carvenf !  vnth  the  blade  in  open  work  omamenteil 
with  apprtipriate  emblems,  and  forks  to  correspond. 

Case  Affijih -carvers:  with  sliark  design. 

Fnr  of  malon-canrers,  with  blade  of  new  design,  and 
Anted  pearl  hamlles. 


Trays  of  plated-on-steel  desserts,  in  carved  pearl  handles 
with  silver  ferrules,  with  the  blades  chased  and  orna- 
mented. 

Tray  of  plated  desserts,  with  fluted  ivory  handles,  and 
silver  ferrules. 

An  assortment  of  bread  knives,  with  carved  handles  in 
ivory  and  wood. 

Large  slioers.  Trowel  hand  slicers.  A  varied  assort- 
ment of  table-knives,  carvers,  &c. 

1 20  Ellin,  T.,  &  Co.,  5A<r/?fe/</— Manufacturers. 
Shoemakers'  knives,  with  common  and  rosewood  handles, 

in  various  sizes. 

Glaziers*  knives,  with  cocoa  handles.  Painters'  stop- 
ping-knife, with  ebony  handles.  Oyster  knives.  Farriers* 
paring  knife. 

Table  knife,  with  ox-bone  handle,.and  "common  point," 
being  the  shape  used  fifty  years  ago. 

The  origmal  "Sheffield  Whittle."  Oyster  knife.  Bil- 
lingsgate pattern.  Leather-cutter's  knifs,  with  wooden 
handle.     Root  knife,  with  cocoa  handle. 

Carving-knife  and  fork,  self-horn  handles.  Carving 
knives  ;  bread,  spear  and  cut-point  knives  ;  of  various 
sizes,  and  handles  of  different  kinds. 

Table  knives  and  forks,  with  mother-of-pearl,  ivory, 
ebony,  horn,  cocoa,  and  bone  handles.  ^ 

Steels,  with  black  horn,  stag,  self,  and  ivory  handles. 

Cork  and  pallet  knives.     Butchers'  steels  and  knives. 

Office  knives,  with  cocoa  and  ivory  handles. 

Round-of-beef  slicers,  with  buck,  stag,  and  horn  handle!. 

Carving-knife,  24-inch  blade;  with  strong  horn  handle. 

121  Oliver,  Wm.,  5A<fi?fe/<^—Manufecturer. 

Case  of  cutlery,  consisting  of  forty  pieces  of  miniature 
cutlery,  from  3-8ths  of  an  inch  to  4  inches:  the  smallest 
pair  will  go  through  an  ordinary  tobacco-pipe.  Silver 
pistol. 

Handle  table-knives,  as  manufactured  in  1800,  green 
ivory,  round  point;  handle  table-knives,  as  manufiictured 
in  1750.  Venison-carvers,  and  steel,  set  in  elephants' 
tusks  of  miniature  size.  Jones's  patent  game-carvera,  and 
steel,  set  in  fawn's  feet,  mounted  in  silver. 

122  Wilkinson,  William,  &  Son,  Grinwsthorpe, 

Sheffield—  Manufacturers. 
Sheep  and  horse  shears. 
Shears  for  glovers,  thatchers,  and  weavers. 

123  Gilbert  Brothers,  -S'/j^^VA/— Manufacturers. 
A  variety  of  sujwrior  razors. 

124  Steer  &  Webster,  C^istle  Hill  Works,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturei-s. 

Gold  and  silver  scissors;  surgeons*  scissors;  and  a 
variety  of  scissors  in  general  use. 

Tailors*  shears ;  cai*cs  holding  scissors. 

Nippers  (champagne  and  nail). 

Horticultural  tools,  such  as  garden  and  slide  pruning- 
shears. 

125  WosTENHOl^,  G.,  WfishifUftofi  Worhs,  Slieffield-^ 

Manufacturer. 
A  variety  of  cutlery. 

120      Whitei.ey,  Elizabeth,  12  Xonnrh  Street, 
Sheffield  Park — Mimufacturer. 
Fine  cast-steel  scissors. 


127 


Shearer,  JrniN,  Kldm  Street,  Slirffi<id 
Manufacturer. 
Shears,  polishe<l  and  l>n»nzo<l,  viz.,  sheep,  of  now  Aus- 
tralian, Leicester  Tomlins,  and  midland  county  i»attems; 
h«»rso,  Newmarket  best;  glove,  f(»r  the  trade;  and  wea- 
vers', for  the  home  and  American  markets. 
Weaver's  knife  and  nipper,  and  single  nii)per. 

[The  latter  are  used  by  weavers  for  removing,  joining, 
clipping,    and   picking  out  ends,    &c.,  which  arise  by 


r22.] 


[OrnriAi.  Ili.tttuated  CATALocrE.] 


3  A 


CuH  22.— GENERAL  HAItDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  0. 18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  TO  2! 


■breaking-  or  joining  of  thrends  in  tLe  procass  of  woaring. 
— W.  C.  A.] 

Puir  of  bmi  polished  f^t  trowel -ghank  sheep-Bheara.  in 
miniature;  havinf;  nithin  the  ahuikB  boxeH  which  cou- 
tiUD  BeveD  nrticleit  each,  tuiniktures  of  trowel -shonke, 
three  pairs,  imd  other  kinds  of  eheep-BheOTB,  one  pair 
each  of  wearers'  aheiirB,  burliog-iron,  knife-nippur,  and 
eingle  picker ;  there  ore  alio  four  nrticlea  ooDtained  in  the 
'bockii,  luiniiLturee  of  diSerent  patterns  of  xheep-ahean. 
two  in  each  back ;  yet  the  weight  ot  the  whole  combined 
does  not  exceed  17i  ounooe. 

128        Mabpi^s,  Robert,  ,?/K-^c-fLl—Manufiict» 

Centre-bit,  9-incb.  Beet  plated  square,  24'irich.  Sot 
of  fort;  

S-inch. 

Beat  London  pattern  turnscrews,  ebony,  and  ovat 
liandle,  5  inches  each.  Qentteman's  tumscrew.  Ira- 
froved  sliding  T  bevil.  Best  pUted  square,  3-lnch.  Beet 
ebony  naw-pml ;  sinoU  boiwood  saw-pad. 

Best  handled  saw-set.  Best  plnted  spirit-level,  H-incb. 
Beet  Borew-ulide  mortica-gaiige.  Saw  and  frame.  Plated 
and  ebony,  ebony  circular.  London  patlem,  boxwood, 
nnd  best  screwed  and  plated  BpokesbBves. 

Improved  plated  brace,   boiwood.     Kegistered  Belf- 


129  Tavlob,  HE.SKT.  105  FUztrilliiini  St>wl,  S*<#.-H— 

Manufscturer. 

TooU  for  engrsTera,  carrers,  and  print -cutters.  Bur- 
liishers  nnd  screen. 

Hand-drawn  iteeL  FWicy  turning  and  plaBterers' 
tnoulding  tools.  Soil -uuiJcera' needles.  Sculptors' chisela. 
Screff-tools,     Sticking-knife. 

130  Hourea,  C„  90  Wellinijiim  ftrccl,  ShrffirUi— 

Designer  and  Manu&cturer. 
Specimena  of  table  knives. 
H«w  leistered  bolster. 

I30i   BujOXEBft  Phiupm,  ABxTt  Works,  S/ieficlJ— 

Vudoiis  brece-bit«.  Ringswood  brace,  wttb  new  ever 
thumb-bit.  The  simplicity  of  the  spring  prevents  it  from 
being  injured  in  any  part. 

Ebouy  brace,  with  lever  thumb-bit.  Chisels  and 
eouges.  Bright  brace  screw-bits.  Double  C  S  plane 
iron.  CS  gentleman's  drawing-knife.  Squares.  Best 
Square,  30  inches.  Two  each  shell  and  screw.  Im- 
proved sliding  bevil,  €  inchee.  Spirit  levels.  Ebony 
ejid  kingswood  spokoahaves.  Ebony  platoil  upokeehave. 
Plough  bit. 

tSl      Hardv,  RoBKRT  E..  B-inAoH  Strtel,  .'^fgi,'lil— 
Manufacturer. 
Carved  bread  and  plated  dessert  knives. 
Nut-picks  and  instrumentB  for  Indien'  work. 
BoxM  and  gentlemen's  dressing  cases. 

132  MabtIh,  ftTEFHEH,  29  Xoi-foi*  Plrrct,  Shtffleld— 
Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  rarious  kinds  of  razors,  manufactured 
from  ShefBeld  steel,  in  a  variety  of  handles,  vie.,  pearl, 
t^rtoiaeshell,  ivory,  bone,  horn,  hoof,  &c.,  plain  and 
ornamented,  from  one  to  sets  of  ee^-en,  on  cards,  and  in 


133      NBWfloULD  &  Owen,  SifppH— Manu&cturers. 
Bampln  of  beat  steel  polished  goods,  including  r 


1  33a     Newdodlo  &  BAnJ»N,  Surrey  Wvlo,  Sitfft^d-^ 
Manufoctumn. 
Specimens  of  Roberts'  patent  table-eotlery.  The  blade* 
are  fastened  by  means  of  a  dovetail,  withont  cemcmt,  aud 

cannot  be  injured  by  hot  water. 

SpecimeOH  of  registered  ivory.handled  table-knivea. 
The  tangs  are  made  square,  and  nicely  fitted  into  the 
bftndlBB,  without  cement,  and  riveted  through  at  the 
extremity. 

Specimens  of  table-hnivea  with  silver  handles. 

134  Winks,  Bknjahtm,  &  Sons,  Sltcffiekt— 

Monu  tocturera. 
Snmploi  of  raxors  and  table-knives. 
Samples  of  two  and  four  man  in  oases. 

135  Hawchoft,  Wili.um,  h.  Sons,  Sugield— 

Manufaeturers. 

Razors,  with  ivoij',  pMri,  aad  tortoiBeahell  iijuidic*. 

Cases  of  raiors,  ArtklWt  JPastratiTe  of  the  jiroaja  of 
mnnufiictura.  . .,. 

Large  ahow-raaor,  eiwMtMwd  vHh  the  fiKurea  <>t 
Peace  and  Plenty,  and  1^  Boysl,  ShoOIsId,  and  Cntloir 

136  Jones,  Jom 

Improved  dinner- 
blade,  the  whole  len, 

RuBt-preventive  o 
tnble-kiiivcs,  fire-iron 

Sjiecimens  of  steel 
open  air  for  si  i  days  i 
been  protected  with  th' 


137    NIC 


i,  Wuj 


Knives  with  curved  pn 
and  double-blade  peaknii 
knivea.  Whamcliffe,  1 
American  cotton -knives, 
knives,  &c. 

138       JoUBSEVMES  FlLE-l 

Prod 

Files  and  raspe  of  vorioui 
mechanics,  engmoere,  Bta. 

Large  file,  54  inches  lol 
manner  in  which  files  are  ( 
various  forms  of  light  and  sh 
by  Himin  Younge,  of  Sheffiol 

[File-making  is  a  mana&ot 
measure  confined  to  Sheffield 
no  macluns  baa  been  eonsb 

files  which  rival  those  out  by  .     .     .  ^ 

made  files  have  not  the  "  bile  li'  >■  iJ  atllaib«n: 
tlua  is  accounted  for  by  tht.  peeuuar  lacgBtht  of  the 
human  wrist  to  accomtnodate  itself  to  Um  putioular  angle 
suitable  t»  produce  the  proper  "aut."  "ftnall  flits  ara 
made  out  of  best  cast-staeli  thoas  Ot  a  Isiser  aias  frvm 
ordinary  steel ;  flat  files  ore  forged  on  an  ordinary  ctody. 
Other  forms  on  bolsters,  with  the  indentature  correi^iood- 
ing  to  the  shape  required  being  thereon  impreawd,  a 
chisel  wider  than  the  blank  to  be  out  is  used  as  the  only 
instrument  to  form  the  teeth:  it  is  moved  by  the  hand 
with  (he  greatest  nicety.  Aflsf  Cutting,  and  previous  to 
hardening,  the  file  is  immeraed  in  some  ailhenve  sub- 
stance, such  as  ale-groimds,  in  wbioh  salt  has  been  dis- 
solved :  this  protects  the  teeth  from  the  direct  action  of 
the  fire;  it  is  then  itomersad  paipendiouUrly  in  mtsr; 
cleansed  by  finishing." — W.  C.  A.] 


KimiDOM.] 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  t&  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  TO  29. 


609 


139  HAiriH  &  BmoTHEBS,  Sheffield  and  London — 

MannfacturerB. 

8portiman*a  knife,  in  pefirl,  gold-mounted.  Exhibited 
for  worknuunhip.  Spinrtamen's  hunting,  angling,  and 
piiiiol  kniTea.  American  hunting  and  dagger  knivea. 
Whamcliflb,  Norfolk,  Rutland,  Richmond,  Eglinton,  and 
Yemen  kniyes.  Ladiea*  and  gentlemen's  pen  and  pocket 
kuTea  of  erery  variety.  Machines  for  making  pens, 
adsDted  to  every  style  of  writing,  (hardeners'  pruning, 
l^miBg;  and  buddixig  knives.     Paper-folding  kmves. 

Fish  canrersy  in  silver,  plated,  and  eleotro-gilt,  designed 
■Iter  the  ItaUan  and  Grecian  styles  of  ornament. 

Silver,  pearl,  and  ivory  handled  dessert-knives  and 
forks,  wHh  silver  and  plated  blades,  chased. 

Table  cutlery,  with  handles  of  silver,  ivory,  plated, 
German-diver,  self-tip,  black  tip,  bone,  stag,  porcelain, 
Hid  wood.    Carving  and  slicing  knives  and  forks. 

Knife-aharpening  instruments,  cheese-scoops,  palette- 
knives,  oodbr  and  butter  knives. 

Osrved-wood  bread  platters,  with  suitable  designs  and 
mottoes. 

Bread  knives,  with  carved  and  fluted  ivory  and  wood 
handles. 

Specimens  of  the  registered  lancet-edge  razor:  exhibited 
for  keen  and  durable  edge.  Specimens  of  the  army  and 
navy  razor. 

Old  English,  concave,  guard,  and  Indian  steel  razors, 
and  seven -day  razors  in  cases. 

Hair,  nail,  and  cutting-out  scissors,  paper-lamp,  prun- 
ing, and  horse  scissors;  also,  scissors  for  drapers,  tiolors, 
&c     Ladies'  fiEuicy-work  scissors. 

140  HooLE,  RoBSON,  &  HooLE,  Green  Lane  Works, 

Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Bright  reffister-etoves,  with  burnished  steel  and  or- 
molu mouldmgs;  the  same,  fitted  with  a  porcelain  and 
bright  hearth-plate,  forming  a  fender. 

Cast-iron  register-stove  and  mantelpiece,  with  or-molu 
mountings;  the  iron  left  in  its  natural  state,  and  secured 
from  rust. 

Bright  register-stove,  with  or-molu,  hollow,  and  bronzed 
r.m;unt*ut-rt. 

Bumi.-'he^l  »t4)el  regi«ter-8tove,  with  figiires  and  or-molu 
rnoimtingH.  Register-stove  in  cast-iron;  the  same  stoves 
.vcf^rding  t^>  Stephens*  patent. 

BiirDiisJie*!  stoel  register  stove,  with  or-inolu  spandrilB 
antl  TiiouldingH. 

Brurht  rep^iister-stove  and  chimney-piece,  with  or-molu 
uiountings  arid  ca^t-iron  Bjiandrils,  as  taken  from  the 
wiD<l.  V;ut  secured  from  nwt. 

Bright  regi«tcr-«tove,  with  utamped  burnished  steel 
onvuuents.     Roister  stoves  with  porcelain  cheeks. 

rairt-iron  raster-stove,  invented  and  registered  by 
John  Fin  lay,  Buchanan  Street,  Glasgow,  for  curing  smoky 
chiraueys,  and  economising  the  consumption  of  fuel. 

Black  register-stove  in  cast-iron.  Ornamental  hot-air 
p«-<lestal  stove. 

Burnished  steel  fenders,  with  metal  and  or-niolu 
mountinm.  Bronzed  fender,  with  steel  mountings.  Deiul 
or  sprung  steel  fenders,  with  stamped  burnished  steel 
ornaments.     Bronzed,  black,  and  cast-iron  fenders. 

Specimens  of  ornamental  castings. 

142  Clayton,  Oeorce,  5  Taa-c  Street,  Sheffield — 

Manufiicturer. 

Specimens  of  table  cutlery  in  black  tip,  self-tip,  white 
l»one,  German  silver,  ivory,  and  plated  on  steel  in  ivory 
a&d  pearl  handles. 

A  large  bread-knife. 

143  Baoihaw,  William,  37  SpHmj  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Assortment  of  fine  penknives. 

1 44  Bame,  Henry,  l.ow  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Collection  of  pocketknive-M,  of  various  styles,  with  onia- 
meotal  handles  in  ivory,  pearl,  stag,  &c. 
American  htmtingkuives,  &c. 


145        Brioos,  S.,  186  Solly  Street,  Sheffield — 

Manuf^urer. 

Shoemakers'  awls  and  tacks,  for  basket,  mattress,  and 
st^makers ;  sacking  and  saddlers'  needles,  &o. 

Bookbinders'  or  printers'  bodkins. 

Joiners'  improved  brad-awls  and  punches ;  cabinet- 
makers* improved  awls. 

Centre  and  other  punches.  Shoemakers'  pegging  awls, 
feathered  ;  birdcage-makers'  and  various  other  awls. 

Packing-needles,  polished. 

Gentlemen's  portable  hand-pad,  complete  with  bits. 

Shoemakers*  awl-blades,  blued;  improved,  or  French 
pattern ;  French,  or  4-square ;  Liverpool,  or  flat  points ; 
portable,  and  in  self-tip  handle,  complete  with  awb. 

Curriers'  steels,  handled. 

Nut-picker,  ivory-handled,  round  rim,  and  self-tip, 
plain. 

American  socket-vice,  improved  for  pegged  boots  and 
shoes. 


146 


Hardy,  T.,  9  Jfoor^  Street,  Sheffield-^ 
Manufacturer. 


Stilettoes,  crochet-needles,  button  hooks,  nail  files, 
corkscrews,  tweezers,  boot  hooks,  &c.,  in  pearl,  ivory, 
tortoiseshell,  stag,  polished  steel  handles,  for  fitting  up 
ladies*  work-boxes,  companions,  gentlemen's  dressing 
cases,  &c. 

147       Sellers,  John,  iSi^«r^/(^— Manufacturer. 

Razors,  and  cases  of  razors.  Fine  penknives.  Wham- 
clifle  and  Congress  knives. 

Pocket  and  sportsmen's  knives,  including  "  The  Hare- 
wood  knife,"  "Norfolk knife,"  "Rutland knife," "Walton 
fishing-knife,"  "  Wilkinson  knife,"  &c. 

Surgeons'  cutting  instruments.  Tools  for  the  use  of 
engravers  on  steel  and  copper.     Pen-making  machines. 

Steel  plate  for  the  use  of  engravers,  machine-ruled,  by 
C.  Mottram,  Esq.,  of  London.  The  sky  tint  upon  this 
plate  is  perhaps  the  most  severe  test  to  which  a  steel  plate 
can  be  subjected ;  the  surface  is  free  from  spots  or  seams ; 
and  it  is  exhibited  to  show  that  steel  is  well  adapted  to 
the  wants  of  the  etcher  and  engraver. 

I*roof  impression  from  the  plate  on  India  paper. 

[An  entire  change  in  engra\'ing  has  taken  place  by  the 
substitution  of  steel  for  copper  plates.  An  engra\'ing 
made  ujKDn  coi>per  is  speedily  rendered  useless  by  the 
process  of  inking,  and  the  friction  necessiiry  to  remove 
the  superfluous  ink.  The  rubbing  with  whitening  to 
clean  the  face  of  the  plate,  wears  away  the  surface,  and 
renders  it  valueless  after  a  few  thousand  impressions. 
This  is  not  the  case  with  a  steel  plate;  an  instance  is  on 
rcconl  where  500,000  copies  were  printed  from  one  plate. 

The  Queen's  head  on  the  postage  stamp  has  been  only 
once  engraved.  It  had,  in  1842,  been  multiplied  6,000 
times,  that  is  to  say,  the  original  produced  6,000  plates, 
which  printed  all  the  postivge  stamps  of  the  above  kind 
which  ha^l  Ijcen  used  since  the  introduction  of  Rowland 
Hill's  measure  up  to  the  period  stated. 

The  multiplication  of  a  steel  plate  is  a  feature  of  some 
iraporijmce :  a  plate  is  engraved  and  hardened ;  from  this 
an  impression  is  taken  upon  a  softened  steel  roller;  this 
steel  roller  is  then  hanlened,  and  softened  steel  jilates 
being  pjused  under  it,  an  impression  is  imparted  to  them; 
they  are  in  turn  hardene<l,  and  are  equal  to  the  original 
as  to  their  impressions.  This  method  is  a<lopte<l  in  bauk- 
note  engraving;  and  the  postjige-stamp  plates  are  pro- 
duced by  the  same  means. — W.  C.  A.] 


149    NowiLL,  John.  &  Sons,  .S7ir#t A/— Manufacturers. 

Assortment  of  knives  for  the  Levant  trade. 
A.-^Mrntmcnt  of  cutlery,  comprising  ladies"  and  gentle- 
ineuH  i>eu  ami  r>«»ck<'t  knives. 

*  :>  A  : 


CUB8  22.— GENERAL  HABDWABE, 
L,  M.  N.  0. 18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  8  TO  21 


it  mouDtod  io  gold  and  silver. 
Fu[ier  faldiDg-kiiivHS.    Sjwrtiug-kDiveB. 
Indiaa  huuting-kiiives.    t^vor  fruit-knivce. 
Case  of  carved  pearl  plated  douert  knives  and  forks. 
Nuil  kuivflB  and  nail  files,    sittings  for  gentlemen's 
•dceaaa^-aaiiii,  ladlee'  companiooB,  &o. 

German  ^Hulking  knives.  Peu-nmchine  knives.    Peocil- 

QluQers'    ivoiy  diamond -holders,    registered  hj  W. 

Solid  ivory  handle,  oontalning  pencil  and  penboldar, 
Vith  silver   cigtir-holder,    toothpick,    and    noil -cleaner, 
g-blode  and  nul-file,  and  four  pen-blades,  put  toge- 


ther 


<itliou 


Solid! 
bolder. 

CornmBiidel-nood  esses  of  ladies' and  gontlemen'a  toilet 

Caae  containiDg  silver  dessert  knife,  fork,  and  Hpoon. 
CassB  containing  two,  three,  four,  ajid  ncven  nuora 

Assortment  of  roforu  in  ivorj,  pearl,  and  tortoidOBhell 

Pair  of  razors  in  pearl  biuul!«i,  framed  with  silver,  and 
the  cutlers'  arms  carved  in  relief  ou  Che  bandies. 


1 50  ABMlTiOB,  M.  &  H.,  .VopimA/J«  fbrije,  near  She^tld 
— Mnn  ufocturers. 

Engiueen',  coaehfiuiiths',  and  boilennnkera^  anvilx. 
Double  piked  BEuithH'  anvil.  Double  arched  jobbing 
nnvil.     SiLwamitha'  aux41.     Pattern  anvils. 

Set  of  grinders' Bcrews  and  plat«s.  Smiths' vice.  Pattern 


luiths'  V 


imiths'  V 


Lorgo 

Sledge  hammer.     Smiths'   hand  huiuutar.     Cros«  and 
Htraight  poaled  band  hammerB. 

EnRinoera'  and  millHTightfl'  hammerB,  different  kinds. 
Joineni'    claw    bonuuer.      Moaona'    toala    of    different 


151 


Eluiot,  J.,  To-ra/ienil  Street,  Sheffield— 


mfocl 


Fatten)  rozora,  manufactured  uftbs  best  steel,  exbibit«d 
fur  temper.  desigD.  an<i  workmanship. 

Frame-back  razor,  gromid  oiceedioglf  Chin,  and  cannot 
retjuire  to  be  a^in  ground,  tbuH  retaining  a  fine  aud 
(tumble  edge,  and  increasing  greatly  the  eone  of  shaving. 
The  gold,  silver,  ateel,  Oerman -silver,  or  brass  bncks, 
Form  on  elegant  contrast  to  the  blade,  and  enhance  the 
beauty  of  appeonuico  as  well  as  afford  more  opportunity 
Car  origiuality  of  deaigu  and  skill  in  eiecutioa. 

Poarl-taug  razor,  couatntctod  to  prevent  ni»t. 

Razors  with  hollow-ground  bUdee  oro  especially  de- 
aignod  forbarbers'  use.  These  do  oot  rei]uire  to  be  again 
ground,  ou  account  of  their  eitnimo  thinness. 

[Two  woHLRien  ore  always  engaged  in  lazor-making. 
The  rod  of  stool  of  which  they  are  made  is  about  half  an 
inch  in  breadth,  and  of  suSlcient  thickness  to  form  the 
back.  The  stake  upon  which  they  ore  forged  is  rounded 
on  both  sides  of  the  top,  which  is  instrumeutal  in  thin- 
ning the  edge,  and  much  facihtates  the  operation  of 
grinding.  The  blades  are  then  hardened  and  tempered 
in  the  ordinary  way,  with  tbe  exception,  that  they  are 
placed  on  their  bock  on  an  iron  plate,  and  the  moment 
they  assume  a  straw  colour  of  a  deep  abode  thej  are  re- 

The  grinding  follows,  on  a  stone  revolving  in  water; 
then  glueing  nn  a  wooden  disc.  Tbe  fine  polish  is  given 
by  a  wooden  wheel,  having  ita  circumference  covered 
with  buff  leather,  which  is  covered  with  crociu.  The 
ornamentation  of  the  bhide,  by  etching  with  add,  and 
gilding,  if  such  is  required,  is  the  lost  process. — W.  C.A.] 

Scolea  with  re^«t«ring  dial. 


I,'i4     Webbtkb,  Qbobob.  Hovwd  Street,  ShfguU— 
Houufacturer. 
HoEora  Gihibited  for  quality  and  workmanship. 
Kogistorod  double-edged  raaor. 


155     Ledoeb,  C,  S3  Ctirter  Strert,  5Vj|t((d— lorentor 
and  Manufacturer. 

TariouB  iBzors,  including  gLiK»d  and  polished  tanged; 
curiosity  rasor,  tiiuts  backwuds,  and  when  shut  tbe  blade 
id  eutirely  encased;  black  and  ivory-handled  portable*; 
biack-bondled  full  sized  concave  and  "long  cut;"  ivory- 
handled  concave  "fiat  tang"  and  "long  cut;"  ivory- 
handled  taetefully  ground  fancy  concave  and  "I '  " 

Table-knives  "bolster"  balanced:  block  tip 

silver  plated  bandied  "half  Waterloo,"  wltli      __ 

fluted  uew  pattern  "bolster"  bolonced;  ivory-baodlecl 
"flat  top  hollow"  table-knivea;  "oval  bolster"  and 
"  Waterloo  bolster"  bolunced;  aalf-tip  and  ivory-handled, 
w-ith  "  half  Waterloo"  double  thread  hollow  "  monlded" 
new  pattern  "bolster;"  black  tip-handled,  with  eight 
square  tour  threaded  new  pattern  "bolster"  balmced; 
self-tip  and  ivory-handled,  with  liatf  Waterloo  flat  to|) 
fluted  new  pattern  bolster;  ailver-ploted  dessert  biives, 
with  regist^^d  emblematical  daiigo  handle,  and  chastal 
blades;  pasrl-bandled  plated  denerl  knife,  with  em- 
blenjatical  ferrule. 

[By  "  balanced  "  ia  meant  the  handle  counter-balanc- 
ing tbe  blade,  thereby  lifting  it  up  frooi  the  table. — ■ 
W.  C.  A.l 


156      Ellis,  I.,188  Wrsl  Steeet,  Ghmp  Boad,  Sheffield 
— Manufacturer. 
Card  of  razors,  manuAwtured  from  the  best  ateeL 
Table  knives ;  butoheis',  pullet,  putty,  and  stopping 


157      DkUUm,  a.,  83  Arvidfl  Street,  Sheffield— ^asfoAoT 

and  tianufacturer. 

Soisaora  of  various   pttems,    with    bent  bladee  and 

hiindles,  intended  for  clipping  horses,  with  gutta  perehu 

covering  the  bon-s,  whereby  they  ore  not  liable  to  gall ; 

scissors  with  bows  covered  with   leather;  and  without 

covering. 
HoiBe-clippiug  and  trimming  scissors,  havingtha  bowa 

covered  with  on  elastic  composition,  to  save  the  hand. 

Scissors  with  the  bows  and  bandies  covered  with  ths 

claxtto  compoutiou. 

Elastic  raeUllic  combs,  of  difFerent  pattema  and  kinds, 

used  in  clipping  and  trimming  hoises. 
I.AQips  for  singeing  horses,  after  clipping- 
Tailors'  shears,  poaseasing  power  ia  cutting,  ease  tor 

tbe  bond,  and  dunwility.     Farmed  or  wrought  solid. 


1 58     SlaQO,  Herbebt  Wbst,  Ford,  near  Chetterfeld, 

l)tri>!isKirt — Deeigner  and  Manufacturer. 
Reding  books,  sicklce,  and  scythes  for  cutting  OWr 

1.  For  the  n  „ 
shire,  Dorchester.  Barks,  and  Bucks. 
Salop.  3.  Staffordshire  and  Cheshire.  4.  tale  of  Wisht. 
5.  North  of  England.  6.  Sussex,  Surrey,  and  the  Unit«il 
States.  7.  Berks,  Bucks,  Kent,  Surrey,  Hants,  and 
Canada.  8.  Lincolnshire,  Norfolk,  and  Cambrtdgeehin. 
9.  Indies  and  America,  for  cutting  indigo.  10.  Cornwall. 
Querns^,  and  Jersey.  11.  Norfolk,  Lincolnshira,  and 
Combridgeehire.  12,  Scotland.  13.  Cutting  gwdaa- 
hedges.  14.  Sussex  and  Surrey.  15.  Yorluhira  and 
North  of  England,  le.  Indies.  IT.  Cutting  baana. 
IS.  Thatcher's  kmfe.  IS.  Spun.  10.  YoA^ira  and 
North  of  England.  21.  Leiceetonbire,  NoTthampton- 
shire,  WorcesterahiiB,  Notts.  Berka,  and  Bucks.  J3.  Staf- 
fordshire, Worceeteiahire,  Wsrwickahire,  and  Canada. 
23.  Ireland.  South.  24.  Ireland,  North.  S5.  Hertfanl- 
ahira,  Cambridgeahiro,  Cheshire,  and  Beds.  36.  Bada 
and  Uerifordalure.  27.  Australia.  3S.  Kant.  39.  Pu- 
hmd.  30.  Bussio.  31.  UoUond  and  theCma  of  Good 
Hope.     32,   Dnitad  StatM.     '*    "  ..... 


KnrGOOM.] 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  25  to  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  8  to  29, 


611 


35.  CattiBg  and  oleaning  hedges. ,    36.   Ftttent  Boythe. 
37.  Crown,  or  hammered. 

TIm  noTelty  is  in  the  formation,  easy  and  improved 
handles,  siiitM>le  grinding,  and  the  general  completion. 
Tkm  regaling  and  hagging  hooks  are  made  of  cast-steel. 


159      Vswa  &  RoGBBS,  JHockingham  Works,  124 
Hockmgham  St.,  Sheffield — Manufitcturers. 
Bowie  knires,  American  and  Indian  hunting  knives. 
Lode,  sneck,  dagger,  or  dirk  knives,  suitable  for  the 
CootineDt  and  South  America.  Pistol  knives,  in  a  variety 
of  handlea,  wiUi  single  and  double  barrels. 

PaDcil  knives,  of  registered  patterns,  and  various  other 
kia^  with  peari,  tortoise-shell,  and  other  handles.  Cigar 
knives,  of  registered  and  other  patterns.  Sportsman's 
knives  in  great  variebr.  Desk  knives,  with  folders  and 
bUes.  Comb  knives,  with  pencil,  six-inch  rule, 
ler  articles. 
Kmie,  foiky  and  spoon  knives,  in  cases  and  rolls. 
with  vine,  pruners,  saws,  bud<Ung  blades. 


Ac. 

Fan-machine  knives  of  all  kinds.  Scissor  knives  of 
various  scnrts.  Fly-open  knives,  with  and  without  guards. 
Sailon^  kntvaa,  with  copper  swivels.    Pen  and  pocket 


of  fine  quality  in  mother-of-pearl,  tortoise-shell, 

iTOfT,  and  other  handles.     Lancets  and  farriers'  knives. 

Fleams  for  bleeding  cattle;  various  blades  in  brass  and 
other  handles. 

Nail  files,  button  hooks,  and  various  fancy  articles, 
for  ladie^  companions  and  gentlemen's  dressing-cases. 

160         Mabemtt  ft  Athnson,  Fitzalan  Works, 

Sheffield — ^Manufacturers. 


1  to  65.  Various  files  and 
rasps,  of  different  sizes, 
and  for  a  variety  of  pur- 


66  and  67.  Steel  moulds 
for  files. 

68  Forged  blank  for  file. 

*;9  Forged  blank  for  file, 
lighted. 

7u  Groomed  bLmk  for 
file. 

71  Cut  file. 

Ti  Finished  file. 

73  Bsr  iron. 

74  Bsr  or  blister  steel. 
7r>  (.'ast-Rteel  ingot. 

7*>  Rolled  bar  steel,  fur 
coach  KpriogH. 

77  Double  shear  steel. 

78  Ova)  cast  steel,  for 
chiffelM. 


79  Round  cast  steel  for 
spindles. 

80  Square  cast  steel  for 
tools. 

Model  springs,  viz. : — 

81  Locomotive  engine. 

82  Dray. 

83  llailway  waggon. 

84  Rjiilway  first-class  car- 
riage. 

85  Elliptic,  for  carnage. 
^iii  Gig  or  light  cart. 

87  Model  file,  2U  inches 
long,  divided  into  compart- 
ments of  the  various  descrip- 
tions of  teeth  required  for 
files  and  rasps.  Sup]K>rted 
by  two  pedestals  ou  a  plateau 
of  burnished  cast  steel,  con- 
taining a  view  of  Fitzalan 
Works. 


10<*)a  Fearnoombe:,  H.,  Wnlrerhamptim — Manufacturer. 

Porta>>le  wash-stands,  grained  maliogany,  painted, 
veineil  imitation  Sienna  marble.  Coal  vases,  flat  top, 
painted  hawking-party,  nautilus  shell,  &c.  Oval  dish- 
oavers.  Tea-trays,  painted,  and  Eliuibethan.  Copper 
bronae  kettles,  Btan<ls,  and  lamp.  Spittoons.  Ewers 
and  basins.  Revolving  and  peq>etual  almanacks.  Date 
indioaUM*.  Hot-water  jug.  Tea  caddies.  Coffee-pot, 
biiiler,  and  filter.  Tureen.  Hot-water  dish  and  cover. 
I>resaing-case.     Some  of  these  articles  are  registered. 

162  Mamh  Brothers  ft  Co.,  Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

Bpecimens  of  steel  used  for  tcx)lB,  cutlery,  &c.  Table 
and  small  cutlery.  Butchers'  knives ;  razf>rs ;  edge  tools ; 
files;  scythes;  hay -knife;  straw-knife.  Spring  for  rail- 
way trucks,  waggons,  &c. 

163  Broorsbanr,  A.,  Malind't  Works,  Sitcfficld — 

^lanufacturer. 
Files  and  rasps  of  different  si7A»,  adapted  for  the  use  of 
c^jnoeers,  joiners,  &c. ;  manufiMstured  from  the  best  cast- 
steel. 


164        WoRRALL,  Hallam,  ft  Co.,  Sheffield-' 

Manufiu^urers. 

Hackles,  circular  gills,  and  other  gills  for  flaz-dreesing. 

Samples  of  cast-steel  wire  in  coils  and  lengths. 

Spiral  springs  for  balances  and  machinery. 

Brass  spurs  for  self-acting  templets. 

Specimens  of  needles  in  dSfereut  stages  of  manufactures. 

Samples  of  hackle  and  gill  pins. 

Set  of  brush-makers*  engine-combs. 

Cast-steel  broaches  for  wool -combing. 


165     Cousins,  J.,  &  Sons,  Garden  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Paper  scissors  and  bankers'  scissors ;  tailors'  scissors ; 
horse-trimming  scissors. 

Ladies'  cutting-out  and  fancy  scissors. 
Grape-scissors  and  flower-gatherers  to  hold. 
Gentlemen's  budding-scissors  and  flower-gatherers. 
Gentlemen's  nail-scissors  ;  left-handed  scissors. 
Gardeners'  budding-scissors  to  hold. 


166 


HuTTON,  Joseph,  Ridjeway,  Sheffield — 
Manufacturer. 

Two  bars  of  iron  and  one  of  cast-steel.  Two  and  a  half 
bars  of  iron,  and  half  bars  of  cast-steel,  welded  together 
under  a  tilt  (water  or  steam  power  hammer),  and  to  be 
used  for  the  manufacture  of  scythes  and  edge-tools ; 
also  for  the  more  effectual  prevention  of  housebreaking, 
the  steel,  when  tempered  in  water,  presenting  a  powerful 
resistance,  while  its  elasticity  renders  it  applicable  to  the 
lining  of  curved  window-shutters,  doors,  &c. 

Berkshire  hooks,  for  reaping,  to  be  used  in  the  manner 
of  a  Uainault  scythe. 

Riveted  scythe,  composed  of  strips  of  cast-steel  between 
two  layers  of  iron.  Riveted  Berkshire  hooks,  formed  in 
same  manner,  both  water  hardened. 

Pair  of  cart  axles,  with  revolving  spherical  bushes, 
upon  a  principle  which  is  applicable  to  railway  carriages, 
heavy  machinery  purposes,  &c.  Spheres  for  revolving 
spherical  axles  and  bushes  ;  re<lnces  friction,  &c. 

Sheep-shears,  with  cast-steel  edges,  which  vrill  not  chafe 
each  other. 

Sickle,  adze,  joiner's  bench  axe,  Sussex  woodman's 
bill,  firmer-chisels,  socket-chisels,  and  double  plane-irons ; 
all  with  cast-steel  edges. 


1G7       Flatueb,  David,  S*>lbj  Works,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Joiners'  tools,  consisting  of  braces,  bits,  stpiares,  Insvels, 
gouges,    spirit-levels,    spokeshaves,    tumscrews,    augers, 
gimblets,  saw-pad,  saw-set,  brad-awl,  pad,  and  skat<M. 


168       Machon,  John,  .^A^'^t'W— Manufacturer. 
A  vaiicty  of  scissors  and  slide  pruning  shears. 


1 60  Marsden,  Brothers,  &  Sii.verwood  (late  Fenton 
&  Marsdens),  Bridije  i<trect  Works,  i>hc^tM — 
Msmufacturers. 

Tlie  '*  Royal  Albert"  skate. 

Selection  of  skates,  a.s8<)rte<l  in  various  patterns. 

Tools  for  joiners,  cari>enters,  and  cabinet-makers. 

Braces,  with  registerecl  brace -heiul,  constructed  so  as 
to  prevent  its  wrnking  off. 

The  registered  niortici'-gjuige,  having  the  tul>e  or  barrel 
niove<l  at  either  end  by  intwins  of  a  tumscrew,  which  sets 
the  head  and  the  cutters  finn  in  p<witi<)n. 

Screw  and  shell  augers,  of  various  patterns  an<l  sizes. 

A  general  selection  of  botniiioil  and  horticnltunil  tools, 
8uite<l  for  professional  and  ainut^ur  ganlening. 


170 


JoWETT,  J.,  AnnuUl  Lane,  Shtffi* Id — 
Manufacturer. 

Edge  tools  an<l  sheep  shears. 
Horse,  rag,  and  weavers'  shears. 


CLAsa  22.— GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  O.  18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3.  w.  29. 


171        Brookes,  Johh,  Dnnet  Street,  Spring  Lane, 
Shxffcld—  MannfftCturBT, 
Articlea  suitable  forladiee'  work-boieB  uid  gentlemen'i 
dreanng-casefl,  made  in  steel,   ivory,  and  poftrl;  buttoi 
lioak*,  noil  fltea,  tweezers,  corkicrewB,  atilettua,  &c. 


172    Hau.,  T.  H.,  Leecroft,  5A«JKeU— Muiufactnrer. 
A  vuiety  of  topa,  wwb,  sctbwh,  b. 


173  WiLLoooHBi,  T.,  Sfteprirf— Maoufiicturer. 
Secret  dial  penknives. 

174  TiiB!(is,HuiiiiBTA:WiLLUJf,£Ht^i 

Manufactureiii. 

Registered  fire-irDna,  viz, : — 

Octagon  heads,  and  nunre  uras  bowa  and  ahanlu. 

Improved  leaf  bow  diamond  cut  shanks,  rich  or-mo1ti 
heads,  and  new  vase-pan. 

Twisted  diamond  cut  shanks,  bows,  and  heads. 

Octagon  heads  and  bows,  with  hexagon  shanks  and 
poker,  of  new  form- 

Or-molu  heads,  uid  plun  shanks. 

Octagon  fluted  «h»nfc«,  and  original  heads,  bows,  and 
■hanks,  to  superaede  the  old  joint  made  inside  of  the 

Short  leaf  bowi,  with  octagon  heads,  bows,  and  shanks, 
with  new  joint  and  modern  heads. 

Or-molu  and  steel  head.  Modem  octagon  shanks. 
Plain  twisted  shanks,  octagon  steel  heads. 

Plain  oct^^n  heads,  bows,  and  shanks.     Plain  bed- 


175     WiLKlKSON,  Thoii*b  &  Oeobob,  it  Kea  ChunA 

Street,  Sheffield — Hanu&oturers. 

Duplicate  specimen  of  scisaora,  manu&ctured  for  the 
Queen,  with  the  ornamental  scroll-work,  twral  arms, 
Victoria,  &o.,  filed  out  of  solid  steel.  Six  doien  fllea 
were  required  to  cut  out  the  work. 

Heraldic  dreamng-case  acisson,  with  the  arms  of  H.R.H. 
Prinoe  Albert,  of  the  Duke  of  Norfolk,  and  of  the  Duke 
of  Devonahire. 

Ladie^  sdasora,  with  scroll-work  handles,  and  electro- 
gill  medallion  of  the  Queen,  Ladiea'  stdel  acroU-work 
scissors,  fomiing  the  letter  V,  filed  out  of  solid  steel. 
Ladiea'  scissors,  lily-of-the-vallef  pattern,  with  steel 
blades,  and  electro-gold  and  silvsr  handles.  Ladies'  scis- 
pattem,   with  steel  blades,  and  electro-gold 


Large  cutting-out  scisaors,  deeign — rose,  shamrock,  and 
thistle,  filed  from  solid  steel. 

ScUsors,  33  inches  lung,  forged  from  ingot  of  steel,  with 
etching  on  bladea  of  the  Exhibition  Building  and  scroll- 

nittaitis  of  sdsaore,  with  bandies,  Ootbic,  Oerman, 

and  other  styles,  also  flowers,  snakes,  birds,  dolphins, 
filed  steel  scroll-work,  &c.  Patterns  of  scissors,  of  dif- 
ferent sizes.  Ladies'  fine  work,  cutting-out,  lace,  nail, 
button-hole,  and  dressing-case  .  scissors.    Miniature  scis- 


Hair-cutting,  nail,  and  diapers'  sciasors,  and  fiy  trim- 

Banken',  paper,  and  p^er-hangera'  scisaoiB.  Tendon- 
■eparators.  andsnrgeoni/scissors.  Improved  dressmakers', 
calenderers'  or  packers'  and  fustian  scissors.  Scissors  and 
steel  oombs,  for  trimming  horses.  Good  steel  forged 
■aisson.    TNlon'sdsBoiaandshears,  ofdifibriDtBieeand 


le  hand,  gives  great  sUaugkh  in 


moulded  exactly  to  fit  tt 

cutting,  and  is  made  at  1(   

R^iulating  spring-screw,  invented  by  the  exliibitort;  it 
resists  Uie  prsnure  caused  bf  outtiog  strong  snbstanoea, 
and  prevent  shears  or  soisson  from  working  looae.  Lever- 
spring  scissors,  intended  to  give  uniform  pnasure  upon  the 
edges,  and  prevent  friction.  Soisson,  diovring  variona 
stsgea  of  monu&cture.  Praniiu  shears  and  aeiaors,  line- 
BCissors,  flower  and  grape  gatharera,  shears  fai  cutting 
gold,  silver,  copper,  tin,  &c. 

176    Blookeb  k  Paiij.a«,  AOert  Worb,  agjIfM— 
Manufactuiais. 
A  variety  of  braosa  and  bits,  spirit-level^  idiiaels,  fte. 


177      WmiOHT,  John,  New  Qeorge  Street,  Sheffield— 
Manufacturer  and  luventOT. 

ladies'  and  gentlemen's  skates,  with  improved  swaged 
irons  and  toe  leather. 

Improved  truss,  with  rack  pad,  to  obtain  anj  preBore 
regnired. 

Two-handJed  hoiBe-aer^ier,  whitA  maj  be  uMd  Ii»tiil 
of  a  ouny-oomb. 

Cast'Steel  ahoe-lift.     Bpecimena  of  hone  Mmmings, 
cast-steel.    I^dteir  atesl  buaka,  made  by  ragiatersd  m*- 

Crochet-aiHkea,  made  to  be  fitted  on  any  ahoa,  and 
removed  to  suit  the  tread  of  the  wearer. 
Combs  made  of  caat-stael,  for  graining  oak,  fee. 


179    MossisoN  &  Pahkis,  RaclimghaMliir*  Strtet, 


Carpenten'  brwws,   with  and  without  oomplets  h* 
of  bita. 

,iisre,  spirit  level,  bevel,  ipokeshavsa  (saaortedkiDdaX 
gauges,  aaw-pads,  gimblets,  augns,  and  ti 


80  Hapfins,  J.,  Sheffield— UmM^tHant. 

Engraved  razor  and  knife  haodlea. 


31       HoWAmTH,  Jab.,  Sheffield— lianyib^ja 
Tools   for   engtaven   and    print-cntter^    < 

graven,  bunuaheB,  and  scr^ters. 
Mariners'  compass,  needles,  and  gtinamith^  itoAlng 
«ls.     Turning  and  carving  tools.    Bdoe  toola — li^t, 

compriBiDg  chisels  and  gouges.    Edge  tocJa — heavy,  oom- 

prising  adies,  axes,  and  garden  tools- 
Tool  c'      ■    '      '    '  -' ' 


•T  botanists  and  touiista,  oi 


-prong  garden  fork,  three-pnmg  fork,  gardaB- 

/el,    pruning-chisel,    mmd-hodk,    Duteh   hoe,    ^nd- 

hanuner  and  tiatchet,  pruning-saw,  ohiael,  pick  and  a^ke^ 
with  long  and  ^ujrt  hsndles. 


Patent  antifriction  brue,  with  eboof  atoA,  ivory  head, 
with  bits  complete.  The  improvomaDla  are,  that  tba 
spindle  workauponahard  steel  centre,  inateadot  a  collar, 
which  reduoea  the  friotion,  and  the  hnd  is  aecnred  to  the 
neck  by  a  nut  screwed  into  the  BoaktA-ptaee,  to  prevent 
the  head  ooming  ofi*,  and  prodnoa  the  tfaa^T  votUng  of 
the  brace. 

Squares:— Plated  and  ebony,  witli  spilit-level. 

Bevil : — Ii^roved  slide ;  ebony- 

Qauges: — Ebony,  in 
ticej  and  outtinj  g^ugB- 

Tumacrews;— Handled,  b 
and  Moon's  pattam. 

Bpokesbaves: — Boxwood,  beech,  pearl,  plated,  ebonj. 

Fterl  plated  screw-lioiH. 


1,  bright,  LMidoB,  round  blade. 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  26  TO  27 !  O.  9,  &  P.  3 


ToB' 


SMT-padi: — Ebony  and  boxwood,  improTed.    Saw-aet, 
wiUi  buidla. 
S(itrit-laT«U; — Ebony,  plated,  and  Scotch  pattenu. 
Siw-frmme ; — Boxwood,  inlaid  with  ebony. 
Pridkir-Iiadi;— Ebony  and  irory,  with  tools,  gimlets, 
Ata,  wad  patent  twiat. 

"    imon  aorsw;   bright  ahellj  and  Scotch 
— Ebony,  inlaid. 


DoKCavrat,  D.,  jA«^«U— Hanu&ctur 
ma  of  (teel. 

No.  1. 


185  PuNMLL,  Sunm.,  Sk^etd— Inventor. 
Improved  wanning  and  ventilating  apparatos,   which 

can  be  forced  bj  maum  of  a  whael-bn,  ad4>ted,  by  icaana 
of  a  white  enamet  upon  the  exterior  aur&ce  of  the  hot-air 
piping,  caaing,  &c.,  to  retain  and  conduct  heat. 

Improved  nmner,  wheel,  »nd  cap  for  a  pocket-umbrella; 
improved  rib  and  rtretcher  for  the  urns,  A  pocket- 
umbrella  to  attach  to  a  walUiig-etick,  or  an;  other  handle. 

Improved  Burfoce-filehandleM.  Concave  and  convex  niT' 
face-filiM ;  exterior  and  interior  angle  filee.    Moulding-Ble. 

186  DxutE,  DuT,  &  Dgake,  Lmdm  Bridga— 

Inventors  and  Proprietora. 
Hre-lulnp  etoves  (Leslie's  peteot,  and  the  exhibitor'* 
regixtration}.    These  stoves  are   repreaanted  in  the  fol- 
lowing engravings : — 


ofai 


1  and  S  are  tzdtxX  views  of  this  improved 
Hm  bdttom,  sides,  and  back  are  fanned 
Dgb  fir»-lam^  A.    The  imat,  icings, 


.  ,  I,  are  of  iron.  The  curved  bottom  of 
Um  fli»-lmnp  prmeets  in  &ont  to  within  half  an 
inch  uf  the  grate  bar  a;  and  it  rests  upon  a  cross 
bearing,  B,  which  La  turned  up  beliind  as  in  fig.  '2. 
in  onler  that  the  latter  may  afford  nmUtonce  to 
any  thrust,  from  in  front,  iigain»t  the  fire-lump. 
C  C  an  two  binding  Bli|is  which  fit  into  recefues 
of  the  sides  c  c  of  the  fire-lump,  as  in  the  plan 
fix-  ');  and  come  fiush  in  front  with  the  iiiutal 
<^ieeks  bb.  U  D  are  angle  tie-pieces  attached  to 
the  cheeks  behind,  and  fitted  to  the  sides  uf  the 
fire-lump.  E  E  are  screws  which  ore  pansed 
through  the  binding  Blips  C  C,  and  an>(le  tie 
piecai  D  D  to  bind  the  whole  tiiguther.  By  un- 
d'ling  tbeae  ncniw*,  and  removing;  the  slijie  C  C, 
the  (iJrs-lump  can  be  entirely  withdrawn,  without 
diatorbing  the  other  parts  of  the  stove. 


Tlio  utility  of  thin  wtovc  coiisists 
in  the  gnite  or  rece|it.-u:lo  fur  the  Sre 
Iwing  entirely  in  front  of  the  reflect- 
ing cheeks,  and  the  additional  re- 
flector below  the  grate,  iuc  reusing  the 
reflvvting  surface. 

Fifi.  1,  is  a  front  view  of  the  stove. 
Fig.  -i.  a  vertical  necticm  on  the  line 
<i  I..     Fih'. 


The  back  of  the  firo-irrale,  fi>   " 
formed  by  the  intrmluction  of  ■  fire- 
ixluccd  thniugh  the  oiwuing  fonuoil  by  the 
a  of  the  Bni'>ke. 


614 


Class  22.— GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  26  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  to  20. 


rCJHlTBD 


Yacht  stove,  withtH>pper  boiler  and  steaming  apparatus. 

Small  yacht  stove,  without  copper  boiler. 

Model  improved  cooking  stove,  with  steam-closet,  three 
steam  kettles,  bath.  Sec.,  all  heated  with  one  fire. 

Electro-plated  goods:  —  Sets  complete,  consisting  of 
tea,  coffee,  water-pot,  sugar,  and  cream, — teas  extra ; 
liquor-frame,  cruet-frames,  flower-stands,  toast-racks, 
salts,  waiters,  and  candlesticks. 

Britannia-metal  goods : — Dish-covers,  manufiM^^ured  by 
a  new  mechanical  process,  ¥rith  strong  metallic  wires  in 
the  edges,  equal  to  silver  in  appearance  and  durability; 
exhibited  for  cheapness;  teapots,  salt,  mustard,  pepper, 
soup-ladle ;  gravy,  table,  dessert,  and  tea  spoons ;  also 
jugs,  swing-kettle,  dish-covers,  cruet-frame,  candlesticks, 
and  coffee-pot. 

Cast-steel,  circular,  and  swaged  saws : — London  spring 
hand-saw,  polished  blade,  with  mahogany,  zebra,  London 
pattern,  and  country  pattern  handles. 

London  spring  polished  blade,  with  zebra-wood  handle. 

Improved  pruning-bill,  with  polished  blade,  and  kings- 
wood  handle. 

187     Warburton,  Charles,  60  Eyre  Lane,  Sheffield — 

Manufactiu^r. 

Bright  Scotch  screw-auger  with  eye,  6-inoh,  weighing 
nearly  1  cwt.,  and  in  length  7  feet;  considered  the  largest 
of  the  kind  ever  manufactured. 

A  variety  of  Scotch  screws,  twisted,  and  other  augers,  of 
different  sizes,  including  a  bright  four-twist  auger  with 
eye  l\  inch,  exhibited  as  a  curiosity  on  account  of  its 
being  a  four-twist. 

Improved  shell-auger,  f-inch:  a  recent  invention. 


187a    Jowitt  &  Battie,  Thomas  &  John,  Satille 
Works,  SJicffield — Itfanufacturers. 

Specimens  of  forged,  tilted,  rolled,  and  hand-drawn, 
cast,  shear,  and  spring  steel. 

Complete  set  of  engineerai'  and  machine-makers'  cast- 
steel  files. 


188    HiGoiNBOTHAM,  O.  &  W.,  /STA^^/c^— Manufacturers. 

An  assortment  of  scissors,  ornamented  and  mounted 
with  gold  and  other  metals,  suitable  for  dressing  cases, 
writing  desks,  &c. 

Pair  of  fine  scissors,  made  of  refined  steel,  and  hardened 
and  tempered  bv  a  process  not  yet  made  public,  which 
produces  a  durable  edge,  and  a  brilliant  polish. 

Razors,  in  ivory,  tortoiseshell,  and  mother-of-pearl 
handles,  and  gold  and  silver  mountings,  with  blades  of 
similar  temper,  made  of  refined  steel,  and  highly  finished. 


190 


TuRTON,  Thomar,  &  Sons,  Sheffield^ 
Manufacturers. 

Steel,  commencing  with  Swedish  bar  iron. 

Steel  converted  into  blister  steel  of  various  temper. 

Steel  rolled  for  the  manufacture  of  springs. 

Refined  cast-steel  in  the  ingot. 

Steel  '*  tilted  "  into  flats  and  squares  for  turning-tools, 
drilling  and  planing  tools,  millbills,  dies,  and  every 
description  of  mechanics'  tools,  axes,  8cc. 

Steel  tilted  oval  and  octagon,  for  cold  chisels,  8cc. 

Steel  tilted  under  the  hammer  in  swages,  especially  for 
taps  and  other  articles  used  in  machinery. 

Steel  tilted  and  rolled  for  the  manufacture  of  files, 
edge-tools,  chisels  and  gouges,  plane-irons,  circular  and 
other  saws,  cutlery,  and  all  articles  manufactured  from 
steel. 

[Steel  may  be  regarded  as  a  carburet  of  iron ;  it  is 
usually  manufactured  by  the  process  of  cementation. 
The  cement,  as  it  is  called,  consists  of  the  charcoal  of 
hard  wood — sometimes  soft  is  employed — mixed  with  a 
small  quantity  of  ashes  and  some  salt.  The  bottom  of 
the  trough  of  the  cementing  furnace  being  covered  with 
this  mixture,  bars  of  steel  are  placed  upon  it;  these  are 
again  covered  with  the  carbonaceous  compound,  and  so 
on  until  the  trough  is  filled.    The  whole  is  closed,  and 


the  fire  urged  until  all  aoquires  a  tempeniare  of  aboiut 
lOO**  Wedgwood;  and  this  is  steadily  maintained  for  some 
days,  the  time  varying;  under  different  conditions,  from 
four  days  to  ten.  In  Uiese  furnaces,  12  tons  of  bar  iron 
may  at  each  charge  be  converted  into  steel.  Blistered 
steel  is  so  called  from  the  air-bubblea  which  cover  its 
sxufaoe,  which  blisters  appear  to  result  from  the  forma- 
tion of  carbonic  oxide  in  the  process  of  cementation. 

The  operation  of  tilting  is  performed  by  beating  the 
steel  under  tilt-hammers  until  it  ia  rendered  of  a  very 
uniform  structure.  The  tilt-hammers  usually  weigh 
about  200  cwt.— R.  H.] 

Files  for  engineers,  machine-makers,  millwrigfata,  saw- 
mills,  cabinet-makers,  joiners,  builders,  agriculturists,  &c. 

Edge-tools,  consisting  of  firmer  chisels  and  gouges, 
turning-chisels  and  gouges,  pardng-cbiaels  and  gouges, 
millwrights'  chisels  and  gouges,  sod^et-chiaela,  mortice- 
chisels,  single  plum-irons,  cut  plum-irons,  doable  plum- 
irons,  drawmg-kuivee,  coopers'  tools  of  every  deacription, 
augers,  English,  American,  Bnudl,  and  ship  axes;  English, 
American,  Brazil,  and  ship  adzes;  knives  for  duriera, 
tanners,  and  skinners,  and  various  other  articlea  comprised 
under  Uie  name  of  edge-tools. 

Springs  of  various  sorts  for  locomotive  engines,  railway 
passenger  carriages,  waggons,  &o.    Saws.    Cutlery. 


191 


Ibbotson  Brothers  &  Co.,  Shefeld — 
ManufjEMsturers. 

Collection  of  polished  oast-steel  drcolar  saws. 

Cast-steel  mill  saws;  cross-out  saws;  pit  saws;  frame 
saws;  mill  saw  webs;  stone  saws;  and  Russian  cross-cut 
and  frame  saws.     Segment  of  a  circular  veneering  saw. 

Grafting,  hand,  panel,  ripping,  and  steam  saws,  of  dif- 
ferent degrees  of  polif^;  with  ebony,  mahogany,  rose, 
lignum-vitse,  maple,  zebra,  tulip,  box,  satin,  red,  and 
beiBch-wood  handles,  plain  and  variously  ornamented* 

Caat-stoel  cheap  hand  saws. 

Back  saws,  with  iron,  burnished  steel,  blued  and  bran 
backs;  with  handles  of  hard  wood. 

Lock  saws,  with  beech  and  lignum-vit»  handlea,  and 
with  rosewood  and  mahogany  pistol  handles. 

Pruning  saws;  billet  webs;  breaking-rut  webs;  tunung, 
metal,  and  fret  saws;  and  butchers'  webs. 

Cast-steel  patent  scythes.  Cast-steel  scythe  rolled  up^ 
to  show  its  elasticity. 

Flat  files — ^ruff,  bastard,  second-cut,  smooth,  deed* 
smooth,  and  double  dead-smooth.  Hand  file%  aMorted 
cuts  and  sizes. 

Three-square  saw  files,  mill  saw  files,  feetheredgey 
cross,  riffle,  roimding-off,  entering,  four-square,  ooUer, 
frame  and  gulleting,  cabinet-makers'  files  and  naps. 

Knife  files,  rubbers,  flat-shoe  rasps,  half-round,  double 
bevelled,  and  tongued  horse  rasps. 

Ivory,  tip,  and  stag  table-knives  and  forks;  dessert- 
knives  and  forks;  guard,  slicer,  trowel,  and  venison 
carvers. 

American  hunting-knives.  Table-knife  ahecpenMi. 
Tilted  best  cast-steel. 


192       BoTCiDEB,  WnxiAM  A;  SA]fon»  Sk^kH^ 

Manufecturers. 

Specimen  razor,  with  handle  fbnned  of  one  piece  of 
ivory,  ornamented  with  engravings  oi  the  various  manu- 
fectories  of  the  exhibitors;  the  elehingi  on  the  blade 
represent  the  **  Qreat  Exhibition"  buildin||^  accompanied 
with  an  allegorical  illustration  of  "GDmmerce  vdA  her 
attributes." 

Various  descriptions  of  raaors,  edf*  V)ola  and  filet,  and 
saws. 

Samples  of  cast-steel,  round,  fonr^naie^  and  hexagon, 
in  assorted  sizes. 


193      BujLE  &  Parkin,  JTeodow  YMa^  Sheffield— 

ManufiEUi^urers. 
Improved  cast-steel  files  and  rasne,  for  eogineers,  ma- 
chinists, &c.      Improved  caai-eteel  anrs.     Fair  nnall 


KiSODOM.] 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  25  to  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  to  29. 


615 


Hammer-headB,  and  aevend  pieces  of  patent  tem- 
pered steel.  Machine  paper-cutting  knife.  Envelope 
catten.  Fnper-makenr  beating-plates  and  circular 
cutter. 

Cloth  manufiu^uren^  spiral  catting  edges  on  a  cylinder ; 
and  loose  cutters  of  different  shapes.  Tobacco  cutting 
knife.  Haohine  cutters  for  planing  wood.  Moulding 
and  grooving  irons,  for  wood  work.  Logwood  cutting- 
knife  sod  ra^.  Corkcutters',  tanners',  and  curriers' 
knives.  Sheet  cast-steel,  polished  for  paintings.  Mill- 
chisel  with  handle.    Small  pattenui  of  springs,  for  rail- 

ij  uses.  


104     GiBBniB  &  QoKB,  Sheffield — Manufacturers. 

A  pahr  of  scissors,  19  inches  long,  representing  the 
arms  of  England,  France,  and  America,  with  the  motto, 
"  miity  and  peace,"  worked  with  small  files  and  drills, 
round  a  portion  ot  the  bows  in  cipher  letters.  Exhibited 
for  design  sod  workmanship. 

An  assortment  of  scissors.  A  pair  of  scissors  in  the 
first  process  of  manufacture.  An  assortment  of  nail-nip- 
pers.   Champagne  nippers  or  openers,  various  patterns. 

An  assortment  of  pruning-shears.     Averancaters. 

Garden  hedge-cutting  shears.  Fruitand  grape-gatherers. 

Qarden-forl^  reel  and  line.     Ladies'  gajrden-fork. 

Sets  of  scissors,  of  assorted  siies,  and  for  various  piu:- 


195  Wiuoir,  John,  &  Son,  Sycamore  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 
Samples  of  shoemakers'  knives.  Butchers'  and  bread 
knives.  Cooks^  and  curriers'  knives.  Farriers'  and  gla- 
sier^  knives.  Pklette  knives  and  weavers'  knives. 
Batchers'  steels,  &c.  Corporate  mark,  four  peppercorns 
and  a  diamond  thus — 

»♦    »♦    »♦     »♦    «{♦ 

196  Waed  &  Patnb,  ^A<f/^<r/(i~Manufacturor8. 

Edge-tools  in  every  variety,  comprising  tools  used  by 
carpenten,  joiners,  ihipwri^ts,  millwrights,  coach  and 
camnci  maksn,  &o.,  such  as  cast  steel  firmer-chisels, 
f^iigew,  plane-irons,  socket-chisels,  drawing-knives,  block- 
makers'  chisels  and  gouges,  German  jMirting-toolrt,  cooperu' 
t<K>lit,  plasterers'  moulding  tools,  shell  and  screw  augers, 
tr«»wel»,  mAchine  plane-inms  and  moulding- in >n«,  Brazil, 
Canada,  London,  coachmokers'  and  long  falling  axes, 
hatchets,  choppers,  hedging-billn,  &c. 

Curriers',  tanners',  Bkinnere*,  Baddlers',  mincing,  and 
l»<x>kbinders'  knives;  turning -chisels  and  gouges;  fancy 
turning- tools  for  iron,  wood  and  brass ;  screw  tools ; 
bright  and  black  car>-ing  chisels,  gouges,  &c. ;  yellow 
jtrint -cutters  ;  caning-chiaels ;  gouges  ;  parting-tools  ; 
sitoon-ldt  chisels  and  gouges;  engravers'  and  die-sinkerH* 
t'Mils  of  every  kind  and  8ha{>e;  sculptors*  chisels;  mez- 
Zfftinto  scra{iera  and  shading- tools ;  plain  and  fluted 
•crai^rs;  burnishers. 

Bnoei*,  bits,  tumscrcws,  spokeshaves,  8cc. 

U»7     Marshall,  Samuel,  25  Ei/re  Street,  Sheffield — 
Designer  and  Manufacturer. 

Hp<>cimens  of  illustrated  Sheffield  cutlery,  consisting 
of  raiors,  &c.,  carved,  in  mother-of-pearl  handles. 

Gentlemen's  i>ocket  combs.  Sec. 

198  Satnob,  Samuel,  &  Sons,  13  lUhrard  Street,  Sheffield 

—  Manufacturers. 
Pruning  and  budding  knives,  for  the  use  of  gardenei-s, 
seedsmen,    horticulturalists,    &c.      Kxliibited  fur  work- 
uuutfhip  and  material. 


199    Xatlob,  VicKFUis,  &Co.,  .v/i/'^f /J— Manufacturers. 

Illustrations  of  cast  steel  by  models  of  fumacos,  rolling 
mill,  and  forge.    An  assortment  of  manufactured  articles. 


•jr<»    White,  Thomas,  jun.,  Thorpe  I/eele;/,  SJieffieUl — 
Inventor  and  Manufactnn*r 
Improved  hooks  for  fixing  gas  and  water-pipe,  ma<)e 
ettber  bright  or  black;  a  new  form  being  given  to  tie 


shotdder  of  the  hook,  which  facilitates  the  driving,  and 
the  bend  is  lengthencMl  to  secure  the  pipe. 

Improved  horse-nails,  in  order  to  secure  the  shoe  with- 
out injuring  the  hoof. 

New  wrought-ir<»i  nails  for  ship-builders,  carpenters, 
joiners,  and  cabinet-makers.  The  improvement  of  this 
nail  consists  in  its  gradual  thickness  tovrards  the  head. 

Improved  rivets,  in  iron,  brass,  copper,  or  zinc. 


203       Etre,  Ward,  &  Co.,  iS%<f^r^(/->Manu£BMH;urers. 

Different  qualities  of  table-knives,  oonunenoing  with 
those  manufactured  for  export  to  the  United  StateSj^ 
the  Canadas,  South  America,  and  Australia.  Mediimi 
qualities,  of  various  kinds. 

Ivorv,  silver,  and  other  descriptions  of  table  cutlery 
of  the  best  description. 

Razors,  pocket  and  penknives,  dagger  and  Bowie  knives, 
made  from  the  best  steel,  and  of  every  variety  in  quality. 

Scissors,  scythes,  and  sickles,  of  the  best  qualities,  for 
different  markets. 


204  SoRBT,  Robert,  &  Sons,  Carver  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

An  assortment  of  sheep  shears,  comprising  Australian, 
American,  Trinity,  Saxony,  Trowel  shank,  Scotch, 
Wiltshire  or  Sarum,  Dorsetshire,  Norfolk,  Kent,  Devon, 
Leicestershire,  and  Lincolnshire.  Kendal  snappers, 
flyers*  glovers,  horse  and  T  shears,  &c.  WeavCTS*  pods, 
assorted  patterns. 

Cast  steel  circular  saw,  5  feet  in  diameter,  hardened 
and  tempered.  Various  cast  steel,  and  London  spring 
saws.  Polished  circular  saws.  Specimens  of  files  for 
sharpening  saws,  &c. 

Axes,  consisting  of  American,  Australian,  Kent,  Scotch, 
Suffolk,  Newcastle,  Longfalling,  ship,  coachmakers', 
wheelers',  Newcastle,  blocking,  Irish  bench  side,  American 
house,  Dutch,  mortice,  bullock,  and  coopers',  &c. 

Adses,  consisting  of  coopers',  carpenters ,  ship,  wheelen^, 
electro-Scotch,  American  and  Canada,  spout,  &c. 

Butchers*  cleavera.  House  choppers  and  sugar  hatchet. 
Mincing  and  cheese  knives. 

Hatchets,  consisting  of  improved  claw,  hammer,  Shing- 
linp,  Suffolk,  Kent,  and  Irish. 

Hedging  bills,  consisting  of  Yorkshire,  Westmoreland, 
Nottingham,  Lopping.     Improved  S'Bill  switching,  &c. 

Hoes,  garden,  turnip,  Dutch  improved  turnip,  half 
moon,  long  neck  swan,  neck,  &c.  Patent  lawn  or  daisy 
and  garden  rakes. 

Improved  gjirden  tools,  complete,  made  to  fit  one 
handle,  viz.,  spade,  rake,  hoes,  saw,  spuds,  fork,  &c. 
Spuds  and  weed  hooks,  assorted. 

Axes  which  have  cut  the  bars  of  iron  attached  to  each ; 
the  edges  of  which  have  not  been  sluurpcned  since. 

An  assortment  of  various  kinds  of  augurs.  Wheelers* 
bnizz  and  ship  scrapers.  Socket  lock  mortice  chisel. 
Cast  and  German-steel  gouges  and  chisels. 

Tooth  piano  irons,  an<l  ctMjper's  jointer  plane  with 
irons.  JoineiV,  cooiHJrs',  and  wheelers*  spokoshavefr. 
Best  plough  bills,  braces  and  bitts,  &c.  Platetl  8<piai-eH, 
plated  spirit  levels;  various  bevels.  Tumsci*ew8,  of  as- 
sorted piittems  and  lengths.  Sawpads.  Best  cast  steel 
long  pod  and  shell  gimblets.  Phmes :  smoothing,  jack, 
trying,  j)lough  groving,  beail,  fillister,  and  rabbit.  Skates, 
as8orte<l  jiatterus. 

Cast  steel  patent  scythes,  consisting  of  improved 
narrow  Scotch,  brojwl  Scotch,  narrow  Canatla  grass,  crad- 
ling corn.  Broad  Suffolk,  south  of  Kngland,  north  of 
England,  Yorkshire,  and  gniss-plat  scythes.  Best  ham- 
mered scythes,  consisting  of  broail  Scotxjh,  naiTow  Amo- 
riaui  gi-ciHs,  cradling  com,  south  of  England  and  Bramber 
scythes;  (mtcnt  and  crowu  luiy  knives,  cross  and  side 
handle. 

Crown  trussing  knife.  Patent  and  crown  chaff  knives. 
Machine  straw  knives.  Ciist  steel  patent  reaping  hooks, 
round  and  elbowed.  Imprtivcd  registered  rea{)ing  hooks, 
aBsorte<l.     Chuxlen  and  grass  shears,  assorted  patterns. 


616 


Class  22.— GENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  0. 18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27  ;  O.  9,  &  P.  8  TO  29. 


[United 


204a  Lucas,  Edwabd,  &  Son,  Dranfield,  near  Sheffield— 
Patentees  and  Manufacturers. 

Malleable  steel-spoke  railway  and  plate-railway  wheels, 
which  are  cast  in  one  piece,  and  are  hard  on  the  surface, 
the  interior  soft  or  nialleable:  they  are  said  to  be  much 
lighter  than  the  ordinary  wheel,  and  to  wear  well. 

Malleable  steel  carriage,  coach,  and  cart  naves  and 
axles,  which  are  formed  out  of  one  piece;  they  occupy 
less  space  than  the  ordinary  wood  naves,  and  are  less 
affected  by  the  weather. 

A  case  of  spindles  and  flyers  in  use  for  spinning  flax, 
wool,  cotton,  and  silk. 

Specimens  of  cast  malleable  iron  manufactured  by  a 
process  of  which  the  exhibitors  are  the  original  patentees. 


205         TABKEBy  H.,  Sheffield-'Uiuxaiactuier, 

Cast  steel  saws,  polished  and  etched  with  silver  and 
gold. 


206    Fisher  &  Brakall,  JToyle  Street  Works,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

Files  and  rasps.  Ironstone,  pig,  and  bar-iron.  Bar 
and  ingot  steel ;  spring  steel ;  shear,  cast,  and  sheet 
steel ;  cast-steel,  hand  drawn. 

Engineers'  chisels,  hammers,  and  nut-spanner.  Mill- 
bill.  Masons'  chisels.  Circular  saw,  for  cutting  railway 
ban  when  in  a  heated  state. 

[Iron  is  converted  into  steel  by  a  process  called  cemen- 
tation, which  consists  in  placing  iron  bars  in  troughs  of 
fire-brick,  and  covering  them  with  layers  of  powder  of 
wood  charcoal,  salt,  and  ashes.  Dr.  Ure  is  of  opinion  that 
the  latter  material  is  valueless.  Care  is  taken  that  the 
Iron  bars  do  not  touch  each  other.  The  troughs,  when 
filled,  are  covered  up  with  loam,  and  subjected  to  the 
action  of  a  furnace,  the  heat  of  which  is  uiged  until  it 
arrives  at  the  proper  temperature,  and  until  the  trough 
and  its  contents  become  one  red-hot  mass  of  matter.  In 
this  state  it  is  maintained  for  a  longer  or  shorter  period, 
viz.,  from  four  to  ten  days,  according  to  the  nature  of 
the  steel  desired ;  if  soft,  the  time  is  shorter.  The  heat 
produces  the  combination  of  the  carbon  with  the  iron 
and  completes  the  conversion  of  a  soft  substance  into 
one  of  the  most  brittle;  it  then  undeigoes  the  process  of 
hardening,  by  being  plunged  into  cold  water. 

Shear-steel  is  formed  by  uniting  together  several  bars 
of  blister-steel  by  means  of  a  steel  rod,  and  sprinkling 
over  it,  when  heated,  sand.  After  being  again  heated,  it 
is  drawn  out  into  a  bar  by  means  of  a  tilt  hammer,  viz., 
a  large  hammer,  which  works  by  steam  or  water  power. 
Repeated  heatings  not  unfrequently  transpose  the  con- 
verted steel  into  its  original  state  of  iron. 

Cast-steel  is  produced  by  melting  blister-steel  in  cruci- 
bles, which  is  done  after  the  manner  of  the  brass-founder, 
in  a  common-air  fiimaoe.  The  mouth  of  the  crucible  is 
covered ;  the  fuel  used  is  coke.  The  metal,  when  melted, 
is  poured  into  a  mould,  and  acquires  the  name  of  "  ingot 
steel." 

Sheet-steel  is  produced  by  being  rolled  between  re- 
volving cylinders  of  metal. 

Hand-drawn,  means  rods  which  have  been  produced  by 
manual  labour,  in  opposition  to  those  formed  by  the  tilt 
hammer. — ^W.  C.  A.] 


207    Earl,  Smith,  &  Co.,  Sheffield— Manvdactuxen. 

files  and  rasps,  of  all  shapes,  kinds,  and  sizes,  firom 
half  an  inch  to  twenty-four  inches  long. 

Samples  of  steel  of  various  kinds  and  shapes,  from 
blister  to  the  smallest  watch-spring,  exhibiting  the  frac- 
tures from  the  state  of  pig-iron  to  the  most  highly-polished 
steel,  with  the  tempers  classed. 


208       Slack,  Sellers,  &  Qratson,  Sheffield— 

Manufiusturen. 

Cast-steel  polished  circular,  mill,  jAt^  franM,  and  cross- 
cut saws. 

Spring,  ripping,  hand,  and  panel  saws,  in  ebony,  bee6h« 
and  zebra-wood  handles. 

(j^tleman's  cast-steel  hand  and  other  saws,  having 
tubulated  backs  formed  of  iron,  Qennan  silver,  and  brass, 
with  handles  composed  of  various  woods. 

Qardener^s  pruning,  firet,  bow,  wood-cuttenf  ,  and  other 
saws  for  cutting  wood  and  metaJs. 

Straw  or  chf^-knife,  polished;  ledger  blade,  cylinder 
of  spiral  cuiters  for  shearing  woollen  doth,  &c. 

[After  the  weaving  of  woollen  doth,  the  small  fibres 
of  the  wool  of  which  it  is  made  are  raised  by  means  of 
teazle  heads,  or  wire  brushes;  as  a  oonsequenoe,  these 
fibres  present  irregularities  in  their  several  1f»^gthff,  to 
reduce  which  to  an  equal  or  uniform  sui&oe,  shears  were 
formerly  employed.  These  have  been  superseded  by  the 
application  of  a  spiral  cutting  cylinder,  which,  being 
fitted  with  the  necefisary  cutting  edges,  and  revolving 
rapidly  in  contact  with  the  cloth  to  be  cut,  and  which 
is  drawn  on  a  ledge,  speedily  imparts  to  it  the  reqidate 
uniformity  of  surfiioe. — ^W.  C.  A.] 


209     Ibbotbon,  R.,  Shor^Mm  Works,  7  ShordiaM  Strmt, 

Sheffield — ^Manufacturer. 
Improved  bill  pruning  saw.   Black  ebony  plated  handle 
saw.  Rosewood  handle  saw,  brass  plate.  Boxwood  handle, 
blue  back    saw.     Angica  wood  handle  saw.      London 
pattern  hand  and  back  saw. 


210  Matkin,  T.,  Hawley  Croft,  Sheffield— Uaaahe/tanr, 
Specimens  of  shears. 

21 1  Tatlor  Brothers,  Jo«.  &  John,  ^im^inM  Lame, 

Sheffield — Manufitcturers. 

Specimens  of  saws: — ^American  mill,  cast-aieel ;  Pit; 
Russian  cross-cut;  M-tooth,  or  continental  cross-cut; 
circular;  segment,  or  part-circular;  suaged,  or  veneering 
circular;  bUlet,  or  woodcutters'  heb;  and  polished  billet, 
Ohio  or  fleam  tooth. 

Ripping-saw,  with  French-polished  boxwood  handle, 
electro-plate  screws.  The  novelty  consists  in  the  handle 
and  the  etchings  which  represent  the  difierent  procsMes 
of  saw  manufacturing. 

Sash  or  tenon-saw,  with  French-polished  ebonr  handle, 
and  electro-plate  screws ;  with  a  representation  of  Windsor 
Castle  and  raik  on  the  handle. 

Hand-saw,  with  French-polished  beeoih  handle. 

Polished  hand-saw,  witn  Frendi-polished  rosewood 
handle,  raised  steel  screws,  and  etched. 

Polished  panel-saws,  with*  French-polished  box  and 
zebra-wood  handles,  and  etched. 

Polished  hand-saw,  with  Ohio  or  fleam  tooth,  Rvodi* 
polished  ebony  handle,  raised  steel  screws,  and  etdied. 

Polished  plate,  brass  back,  sash  or  tenon-Mtw,  wHh 
French-polisned  beech  handle. 

Polished  panel  saw,  with  French-polished  ebony  handle, 
electro-plate,  and  etched. 

Panel-saw,  with  French-polished  horse-flesh  handle. 

Ripping-saw,  wiUi  Fruich-polished  lebra  handle,  and 
raised  steel  screws. 

[The  use  of  a  ripping-saw  is  to  separate  the  fibres  of 
timber  by  eroding  a  portion  of  the  fibre  itself,  to  pre* 
serve  an  even  way,  and  as  an  alternative  to  splitting. 
The  crosscut-saw  separates  the  fibre  by  a  cut  trans- 
versely, and  effects  more  neatly  and  truly,  and  with  less 
waste,  what  might  be  done  with  an  axe;  it  cats  logs 
into  shorter  lengths,  as  the  pit-saw  slits  logs  into  boards. 

The  tooth  of  a  ripping-saw  is  more  or  less  hooked,  that 
of  the  pit-saw  being  shaped  something  like  the  upper 
mandible  of  a  parrot;  whilst  the  tooth  of  the  croesomt- 
saw  returns  firom  its  point  or  i^^wx  at  an  equal  aagift  on 


KnaooH.] 


INCLUDING  LOCKS  AND  GRATES. 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  26  TO  27 ;  O.  9,  &  P.  8  TO  29. 


617 


both  adm  of  a  line  «t  ri^t  angles  to  the  edge  of  the 
bladie;  oooMquently  the  ripping-saw  bites  in  the  down- 
stroke  onlj,  iHiilst  the  crosscut-saw  can  cut  both  ways; 
and  it  does  so  when  worked  at  both  ends,  as  in  cutting 
logs  of  large  siies. 

TIm  saw  blade  is  commonly  thicker  at  the  serrated 
edge  than  at  the  back;  both  that  it  may  not  be  imneces- 
sarily  heaTy,  and  that  it  may  not  bind  in  the  cut  or  the 
kerf  (the  ripping-saw  makes  a  out,  the  crosscut-saw  a 
kerf),  though  this  latter  object  is  more  fiilly  provided  for 
by  the  setting  of  the  saw;  the  setting  being  the  bending 
outward  of  erery  tooth  alternately  on  one  side  and  on 
tlie  other,  to  such  an  extent  ss  the  nature  and  condition 
<^the  wood,  in  respect  of  woolliness  and  wetness,  or  their 
opposites,  may  render  a  wider  or  a  narrower  vpay  necessary 
or  sofflcient  for  the  free  psssage  of  the  blade  along  the 
cut  or  throi^  the  kerf. 

TsDon-Mtws  are  crosscut-saws  mainly,  and  as  their 
name  imports,  for  cutting  in  the  shoulders  to  tenons. 
Bat  these  are  shallow  cuts,  and  requiring  to  be  made 
with  neatness,  the  blade  is  made  rigid  by  a  back  which  is 
commonly  of  Inrass.  Narrow-bladed  saws,  for  cutting  in 
eurred  lines,  are  made  thicker  at  the  edge,  and  thinner 
at  the  back,  and  are  not  set.— W.  H.] 


212  BuMiiH,  Saxusl,  &  Sons,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

1.  Bipping-Mtw,  polished  blade  and  handle,  with  sUver 
shield,  ornamented. 

2.  Hand-saw,  with  ebony  handle,  ornamented. 

3.  Hand-saw,  lebra  handle,  and  ornamented  with  a 
reprsMotation  of  the  Exhibition  building. 

4.  Bipping-saw,  polished  ebony  handle,  with  raised 
silver  screws. 

5.  Bs^-Mtw,  polished  blade  and  handle,  with  silver 
ahield  and  fluted  back. 

6.  A  similar  one,  with  aebra  handle. 

7.  Another,  with  silver  back,  engraved  and  etched  on 
blade. 

8.  Another,  poliMhed  blade  and  satiu-wood  handle, 
silver  back,  and  etched  blade. 

9.  Back -saw,  polished  blade  and  handle,  eilver  back, 
and  handle  inlaid  with  silver,  shield  engraved. 

1 0.  Another,  with  a  bright  back. 

1 1 .  A  similar  one,  blued. 

12.  Hand-saw,  polifthed  blade  and  rosewood  handle, 
ornamented,  with  silver  screws  and  etched  blade. 

l:<.  Hand-saw,  polished  blade,  and  satiu-wood  handle, 
decorated  with  silver  shield  and  etched. 


213    Whittles  &  Fboooart,  1  ^ >0  West  Street,  Sheffield— 

Maniifactiu^rs . 
Surgical  instnmients  and  penknives. 


214    Stanifobth,  Thomas,  Ifackenthorp,  near  Sheffield — 

Manufacturer. 

Sit-kles  and  hooks  used  in  England.  Hooks  used  in 
Wale*.  Sickles  and  h<x>ks  used  in  Ireland  and  Scotland. 
Sicklea  used  in  Poland  and  Russia.  Sickles  and  hooks 
nMsA  in  Xorth  America,  United  States,  South  America, 
ami  WeMt  Indies. 

Scythes  used  in  England,  Ireland.  Scotland,  and  North 
America.     Bramble  scythe  used  in  the  United  States. 


21.*)     HcTTON  &  Newtom,  Ilujh-lmiey  near  Sfieffield — 

Mxuiufacturers. 

Patent  and  croan  hiiy  and  straw  knives. 

Trown  and  iiatent  scj-the**,  suitable   for  the  colonies 
>/{  New  Smth  Walcw,  Austnili<i,  &c. 

Cniwn  and  jiateiit  narrow  Guuida  prasM  scythe. 

In*n  s<K:kete<l  t^rass  h«x>k,  suitable  for  the  East  Indies. 

Sickle,  suitable  for  the  colony  of  thu  Ca|)e  of  Good 
Hope,  Ibc. 


Best  bright  Russian  sickle,  with  polished  handle,  hoop, 
and  ring.     Polish  and  Canadian  sickles. 

Reaping-hook  and  sickle,  suitable  for  Australia^  New 
South  Wales,  &o. 

Bagging  or  fagging  hook. 

Sickle,  suitable  for  the  United  States  of  America. 

Spanish  and  rice  sickles. 


216  Shaw  &  Son,  Sheffield—MMnuhctoren, 
An  assortment  of  magnets. 

217  Cutler,  J.,  6A<r^eAf— Manufacturer. 
A  variety  of  edge  tools. 

218  Mabpleb,  Wiuliam,  Sheffield— Manuhctuiet. 
Kingswood  plated  brace,  with  straw  coloured  bits. 
Beechwood  unplated  brace,  without  bits. 

Centre  bits.  Brace  with  improved  pad,  by  which  the 
bits  are  introduced  with  much  greater  facility  into  the 
receptacle  provided  for  holding  them. 

219  Carfitt,  Thomas,  &  Son,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturers. 

A  collection  of  scythes,  suitable  for  mowing  or  cutting, 
and  used  for  the  various  purposes,  and  in  the  various 
counties  and  countries,  enumerated  as  follows  : — 

Garden  and  grass-plot  borders.  Canada.  Rice.  Foiged 
Cheshire.  Cheshire,  showing  the  under  side.  American 
com,  showing  the  under  side.  Broad-pointed  Cheshire. 
Yorkshire,  West  Ridmg.  Yorkshire,  East  Riding.  West- 
moreland, &c. 

Chaff,  rag,  and  turnip  machines.  Chaff-box.  Hay- 
trussing,  hay-knife,  and  shear-steel  round. 

Elbowed,  Irish,  and  bagging  hook.    Cast-steel  round. 

Cast-steel  Kendal  hook.  Round,  ribbed,  crane,  elastic, 
Cheshire  and  Kendal  sickles. 

Specimens  of  round  steel,  shear  and  oast: — 

T^e  patent  scythe,  consisting  of  a  cast-steel  blade,  with 
an  iron  rib  rivetted  upon  the  upper  side,  and  elongated 
at  the  heel  of  the  scvthe  into  a  tang.  One  of  the  pecu- 
liarities of  this  scythe  consists  in  the  blade  and  flange- 
rib,  the  back  e<lge  of  which  turns  up,  and  meets  the 
flange  of  the  rib,  to  give  it  strength  and  lightness.  The 
forged  scythe  consists  of  steel,  which  forms  the  edge, 
welded  between  two  strings  of  iron,  as  a  back. 


220  Sreltons,  Samukl  &  Ralph,  Sheffield  and  Attercliffe 

— Manufacturers. 
Shovels  and  spades  for  various  uses.     Draining-tools. 

221  Taskeb,  John,  Sheffield — Inventor  and 

Manufacturer. 
Pair  of  cricket  shoes  with  gutta  percha  bottoms ;  made 
principally  by  machinery,  api)licable  to  the  manufacture 
of  various  kinds  of  boots  or  slioes ;  su{)orior  for  durability 
and  aj>i)oarance ;  made  in  one-third  of  the  time,  and 
much  choaiKjr  than  the  ordinary  boots  or  shoes. 

222  Burrows,  Samuel,  94  Spring  Street,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Specimens  of  table  cutlery  in  black  tip,  self-tip,  white 
bone,  Gonuau  silver,  ivory,  plated  on  steel,  and  ivory  and 
l)earl ;  with  patent  steel  blades,  and  ornamental  shanks. 

223  Cooper,  G.,  Wicker  Lane,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 

Specimen  of  registered  Venetian  chimney-top.  De- 
sij;ne<l  to  create  an  upwanl  draught,  and  to  jirevent 
<lowuwar(l  draught.  The  lower  courses  are  inteude<l  to 
give  a  direction  to  the  wind  impinging  against  them, 
which  pnxluces  an  upwanl  current,  and  the  top  courses 
intercept  and  break  the  force  of  all  wind  from  above, 
before  it  can  in  wiy  way  affect  the  flue. 

As  there  are  no  parts  of  this  chimney-top  where  soot 
can  hxlge,  it  will  always  bo  kept  clean  by  the  wind  blow- 
ing through  it. 


618 


Glass  22.— OENERAL  HARDWARE, 
L.  M.  N.  0.  18  TO  20,  &  25  TO  27 ;  0.  9,  &  P.  3  TO  29. 


rUHTTED 


224  HiNCHCUFFE,  John,  8  Hermitage  Street,  Sheffield 

— Manu&cturer. 

Flambeaux  dagger  hunting  clasp-knife,  10^  in.  haft, 
carved  in  pearl  representing  the  cutlers'  arms,  with  carved 
scrolls  and  flowers  in  bas-relief,  cased  in  gold  edge,  with 
gold  guard. 

Gentlemen's  Whamcliffe  knives,  in  pearl,  shell,  ivory, 
and  stag  handles.  Ladies'  knives,  in  pearl,  ivory,  &c. 
American  hunting  lock  knives,  in  fancy  handles,  &c. 

225  Lkon,  Abraham,  Sheffield — ManufiM^urer. 
American  hunters'  knives,  various  sizes  from  20  inches 

downwards,  in  Morocco  and  electro-plate  sheaths. 

Dagger  knives,  electro-plate  and  Morocco  sheaths,  with 
black  and  pearl -dotted  handles. 

Also,  pierced  electro  plate,  with  silk  velvet  sheath. 

226  Sandebson,  Thomas  Joseph,  Sheffield— 

Manufacturer. 
Anvils  for  the  use  of  engineers,   blacksmiths,   and 
farriers.    Anvil  for  exportation.     Bright  and  black  vices, 
for  blacksmiths.    Bright  saw  vice. 

226a       Hague,  S.,  Devonshire  lAtne,  Sheffield — 

Manufactiu-er. 
Fancy  penknives,  varying  in  the  ntmiber  of  blades, 
with  corkscrews,  silver  pencils,  &c. ;  and  handles  of  tor- 
toiseshell,  mother-of-pearl,  iyory,  and  horn. 

228  HUNTEB,  E.,  Broomhall  Street,  Sheffield—- 

Manufacturer. 

Scissors  and  shears  of  all  descriptions,  with  modem 
improvements. 

Specimens  of  these  'articles,  in  the  various  stages  of 
mannfactiure.         

229  Nelson,  John,  Sheffield— Inventor, 

Set  of  parturition  forceps,  for  difficult  parturition  in 
domesticated  animals. 
Pair  of  forceps  for  giving  balls  to  horses. 

230  Jones,  J.,  33  West  Field  Terrace,  Sheffield— 

Inventor  and  Patentee. 
Qlass  for  sash-bars,  frames,  columns,  cornices,  windows, 
looking  glass  and  picture  frames.     The  glass  is  flint  and 
coloured,  and  is  plain,  moulded  or  cut. 

231  LiNLET,  O.  A.  F.,  43  Hegent  Street,  Sheffield, 

Yorkshire — Designer  and  Manufacturer. 
Horse-shears  and  sheep-shears. 
Wool-sorters  or  thatchers'  shears. 
Improved  gentlemen's  grass  shears. 
Qlovers',  limiting  or  dn^iging,  and  rag  shears. 

232  Bell,  John  &  Jonathan,  /S^j^dii— Manufacturers. 
Silver  fruit  knives. 


233        Peace,  Joseph,  ^A<;j^/ii— Manufacturer. 

Hand-saw,  ornamented  japa